Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1853.
Wheat Growing; aid tie aalcUw fj
t . -. ' . ' Flour.
Oat readers ire aware of the fact that the cuW
tmtioa of wheat on the island of Maoi baa been
prosecuted this year with more energy than in any
preceding, and that the harvest has j ost closed.
3nLof.oc4land on Eljaai aod
en Hawaii has ted to the hope that the time is not
distant when, for home consumption, if not for ex-
' jibrtSefJpbbfhe Hawaiian Steam Mill Com
f parpr will take the place of Richmond 6aflego;
and IlaxalL bv far the largest proportion of which
1 ( comes into market, in a damaged condition.. It is
V'cnly occasionally that a ship brings .floar.aroond
Vliie,cape perfectly eweet; -it is more, frequently
V Tsjwr, and often musty, withal, and of course, greatly
ir deteriorated, in money yaluf , as well as hewthfu
? qiialitefavv ? ! ; 7 )-7?1:
' - The hopes of those engaged tn this new; enter
v pnso are quite sanguine, that they will be .able to
""grow the' wheats and WnufaCture 0Qr.o'I supe
?'rio'r aaalitr; and atanc&'that will drive an . im
ported article from this' market, and also have a
-tJirVJeam that theipiantity of wheat which has
hen catbered the nresent rear on Maui is about
2400 bushel, and from the- following information
derived from Mr. Green, of Makawao, our readers
will see that a promising beginning has been made,
and from this, a od eiber information on the subject,
;we are led to the belief that from 1,500 to . 2,000
? acres will.be sown the coming tail and winter,-);'
Jj'i It is '.found by .measurement mat were are
growing at, Makajao, nearly 140 acres of wheat,
owned bv nine or .ten individuals. Of these, 70
Veres were sown broad-cast, by M. Henry J.tG."
'Croswell- VTbe wheatis of good growth and much
3 hf it headed outi'In' the sown field, Mr. J.1 .T.
v Go wer bs small patches of Australian, Oregon
?and California -wheat,! of fair promise, and nearly
s3-2 acres ire standing on the land of the 'member.
oof the committee: who now addresses you..-. Some
.of it is nearly .ready or uw sickic t maeea, oiu
f.'for the, remarkably wet and cold season; a portion
' of it would ha ve been' harvested ere" this.' , I did
'hope to send to your, table this year some loaves
''made from our new grown wheat, but I am unable
la furnish a single ripe sheaf.- Of my own method
of sowing 1 will speak hereafter! The next field
tin size was sown broad-cast, by Mr. John Smith, a
T Dane- He has 1( acres of Jarge growth and fine
'promise Kekaha.' a brother of Mrs.. McL&ne,
.'has 10 acres, and two' other Ilawaiians have each
bne'or two acres looking exceeding welL 4 he re
: ifnaindef' belongs to' the following gentlemen,
Messrs.1 Mmer,Bc8rdraari,Sayrend Clark, and is
? promising- 'vi lz::'-J. . yj ! onr.iif .
ii.iThis brief. 'notice of the' amount of wheat now
- growing at Makawao 'will- show a considerable
advancf ctie same product of last year, and the
advancejrsaU Webeen much greater but for the
wapi at vaea-- vouiu ims uave ueen ooiainea J
J1'Mni itt&oY even 500 acres would have been sown ;
5 Sabfy 100. acres by the bativea.' '" ; ;
-The capabilities or onroil oa this part of Maui,
are not email. - True we are eomewhat pent bp,
having no t boundless continent," nor broad prai-
ries, Vhich extend fax aa, the eye. can reach, of
. which they of. the old homestead boast. Nor, do
we need such' prairies while' we lack as now, cujti
' vators of the soil and. good 'markets. .Contracted
as is our field, we have oc'easion to say as did mo-
'tber Eve, at" a' certain time "when laborers were
i scarce and farm were-large, "Till more hands
-aid as the work. onderfettr labor erowB.7-.wtr-
ir The soil of. Makawao is certainly admirably
.'adapted to the. growth of wheat,. oats, and,' other
. grains. ' And as our fields are contracted and la
t borers few, it becomes pat duty 'as it is certainly
r oar privilege to make up jit fatness what we lack
i in extent to canseotir small possessions to-yield
"tn hundred fold; If one acre cab be made to pro
rdace wb&t we now glean from five, aa I verily be-
iheyetobe possible, nat( a. saving 'of time and
'UengtnmayJierauzeoi .-,,, - ?r,,..-.;.,.
' You will excuse roe, therefore, for giving, 'you
'the result of another year's experience in raising
'wheat; in answer to certain questions propounded
Jbr late, ae to the best nioee or preparing tne soil,
the time and manner of sowing, whether id drills
.or broad-cast method of harvesting,' preserving
the grain from the ravages pf insects. Sec. &c: I
.lake J5j ownxase, because as. a matter of course,
J know more of my own labors, discouragements
anJ succerxtaan of others. . ' ' .., . . .
' rTwo hoys it 15 years of age, perhaps, of
African ane iwsjt;asceni, nave ocen my only
helpers. They wereftaUdy in the management pf
-oxen, and besides most of ray ploughing, they took
care of oar cows and did the milking. . The wheat
land they ploughed, and after lying a while in the
furrow to allow the Kolea, (a Hawaiian bird use-
4ul for the purpose,) to destroy the crop of Pelua,
'we harrowed tbe"fie!d, and gave it the second
ploughing.' : The Kolea garethd furrows another
croritigrft.'which we' prepared for sowing.
Soti four or five acres I -sowed broad-cast. The
remainder I sowed in drills, or planted in hills. . I
commenced in December, the land being drilled or
.furrowed so thickly that it was benefitted nearly
-.as. much as though jl Had been ploughed the third
time."1 I 'nlantea daily a' ainall quantity only, till
February, when 1 sowed the remainder, but So cast
it that the greatest portion tell into the- forrows.--This
I then caused to be covered with the harrowl
I cannot yet speak decidedly, but I now think this
1 latter a good method or . sowing wneat,:. us.
n About the 10th. of i March, I finished the .sowing
. of my wheat, aotfleTQ; foishels.;.. So far, so good
,For a few nigbts T rested well, free from , care
Bat I soon found that , rajr.'ch'arge, required a con
eunt,i:we,ll nigh sleepless vigilance. The'pejua,
"orc'ot-wo"nh, 'did me some damage, though 'not
"greater than-1 'had reason to- expect.- Of course
j there was remedy ibuV, patience and submission
4W the ravages; pf this .insect, j But as we have ho
.fences about our fif-lA watchfulness by day and
.by night, against thd, intrusion of cattle and hor
We, 'is indispensable. Scarcely a single night,
2sltice the' grain became high, enough to attract the
"attention orfea'ttle his passed, in which I have not
aken the rounds by moon-light and 'star-light, or
'lamp-light, in the rain, or during a cessation of a
few minutes; tp ascertain thetate of things i : re
lation to caXtlc., The last thing before lying down,
tand i8 ' first' tbjnga'i 'dawn of day, is a walk to the
most' .exposed1 plate of my' wheat field.'- Keed I
ay that this ia eober.roe, not a particle of poe
'try, in all this businessof ploujthin, sowing and
Nratching. i The author of the Song of the Shirt"
"wbatd be the man to give ns the song of. the wheat
iiiita earlier stages. Yet theie- is another side to
Unaistory light, side. ; Thtre is the poetry of
wbeitraiflin?.! Ifelt sometbinff of it from the mo-
'JnW ot I cast in' the , first handful of this prince of
grains.. luvugm, ic ura uiuca vi, weil
toned fastrument, thrilled through my bosom that I
was enagedTin a noble business. - . A business in
'Wliidi Paul or John might engage were lhey on
vearth, without a single twinge of conscience, or
the shadow of a blush; a busmess, in a word, on
which I could pray down a blessing from the Father
of Mercies. .
Thus have I brought up my report of wheat-
iraisag to too present, ume. i ione is yet npe
xpa. Will ne-at Uatf Mma ot, me jrair j but aa 4 rode
wfronndjesterdty. and examined nearly every field
rnd patch iW is growing at Makawao. my pleasure
'w'ii exceeuin'T ceat vl'o see a hundred acre 6f
Vheit at ituoce, wing td the winds, ani this
"it the Ejb J wiclf Islands, caused rrie to bless -the
great Proprietor -of all, and awakened the hepe
taat i snonia see greater wings xnan uese.
A A. thefisajrl fehes of , the jf resent crop riH be
Jieidy fer grieir? Ur f?w. week, moat- of the
balance wSl IftaK. lei tt-stzZ, bM we are riren
We have seen a sample of the whasx ra&edthw
year on Mani, and should judge it to be fairy equal
in weightfac3 quality to the average of American
wheat, thoujh it ia taiil that, the first seed intro
duced was an Inferior article, 'which baa some what
improved in cultivation. VThe Jyield per acre?
though' not je correctly ascertained, is between
20 and 24 bushels, and the labor of raising is no
greater than in other wheat-growing countries,
which must render the cultivation of it as profits
ble a crop to the farmer, as any other that can be
Taised." w t - - ;' 7" ' '
, We hare given our readers above, all the infor
mation we have on the aubjectof wheat growing
the mannfactnre into ilour next clause a few re
' It wis the original design of . the gentlemen en
gaged in the business, to erect a mill at Wailuku,
Maui. : A substantial building was "ordered from
the United States, and is noW orfthe way out u
the ship Judge Shaw; together with tw persons to
erect it,-a machinist and a ; miller.. But forte
sons obvious and satisfactory, the purpose of erect
inv it on Manl has been changed, and it is to be
put up at Honolulu, .and to be run by steam. ;'.
,We are informed that a Company has; been
formed, and thaV sufficient amount of stock has
beeix taken, to secure tbe erection at Honolulu, in
connection with the steam engine, furnace and ma-
chiue shop of Mr. D. M. Weston, who famishes
the power-.--'- v.t;';-:":j,I-'-.'!".;
: ThtniTl'ie designed for three run ot stones, but
will commence operations with one., ' Burr stones
are to be need, and if the business demands it, the
two additional ones can! be added at any time.
We mosVheartily wish the above undertaking
success, and rbope in the course of the next six
months to see in full operation, the riasT ruua
150 mill ever erected at the Hawaiian Islands.
The ship on board 'of whkf he mill is1 being
brought, is already in the fourth ' month of her
passage, and we ubderstand no delay will prevent
Without .attempting to specify all the advanta
ges to the stockholders inputting up '-their. mill
here in preference to .Wsiluku, one is, that the
sale pf feed for stock will nearly pay the expenses
ofi running, and at the same time enable keepers
of horses in town to dispense with considerable
grass,'at a dollar a back-load, a -rate which is
great burden to many who would otherwise keep
up their horses for daily use. '
i, ,vv"F tfc PpfyaiaB. " . j-,,-, .., '
'.. -ti , .. , i : ' ; Honolulu, Sept 1st, 1853.
Mai Eoitor: Perhaps I ought to say to your
readers, that I had the minutes of only three meet
ings of the Physicians before me, and was aware
of no other when I wrote the article for your pap
er f the iSth 'ult.; but I am far from seeing the
guilt charged in tbe memorial upon the two Min
isters even if the proposition were made in form
as alleged.' '- I should judge from your last issue,
that such a proposition, was. made to the Privy
Council, which I am jtoldr consists of some eight
een persons including His Majesty. .I .am by no
means certain that the plan adopted by that Coun
cil, was not as wise, as to have adopted the propo
sal made by the physicians. :!'; "' -
Perhaps it was not It might have been an error
of judgment in . the Prjvy CounciT. 'There we're
two physicians and other intelligent foreigners
connected, with it lam. told that Mr. Wyllie
drafted the resolutions which appeared in your
paper, and I have great; confidence in his judg
ment'': I do not design to disparage the enlight
ened and intelligent physicians of Honolulu, when
1 say,' that his bng : residence in the East - Indies
has brought himi mure in contact with the Small
Pox as it prevBitt in the tropics, than has fallen
to the lot of most of the physicians " of ' this place,
and as. enlarged experience ' and close ' observa
tion, in any particular senismenf, tends to inspire
confidence. I can hardly doubt that Mr. Wylhe's
reccoromendation to inoculate would have resulted
in the saving of human life; " , ,;
I understand aim to state tbe loss of life by in
oculation in the East Indies at one in fire hundred.';-
' : ' "' ' -"
To vaccinate all, and then if a family or district
is exposed, to follow by .inoculation of those
exposed, seems to me the most certain protection.
I am told th-it this course, in the main, is pursued
at Lahaina, and has thus far worked well.
: I was much interested by Dr. Hillebrand's arti
cle in your issue of the 13th ult ;
i But human judgment is at fault, and no man can
determine with any certainty, what measures are
best in sncb cases: The plan proposed by the
physicians was certainly a good one, as fat. as it
went; and it was the one which the Privy Council
adopted, as tHe thing to be , done,J but they used
another agency, tn part, for its accomplishment
Cases where bur most experienced physicians have
operated, and; where they have, pronounced the
sqar good, bate been subjected to attack, and too
often with fatal issaev Some such I. have known,
and heard of more still, and in connection with ob
servations made in other warm climates, it seems
to: conduct' to-' the Conclusion : that the virus by a
fer transfers, however well it may look, lo.es its
efficacy or power ,w protect. " ' . ' 1 1 ' ,
I am .told , that' a son',' of Kekaalahao, of 'this
place, was vaccinated by a Physician of Honolulu,
wan pronouncea. nis pear gooa ; suoseqaenuy naa
varioloid, .and later, stijl, at Lahaina, an. attack of
malignant small,, pox-, Twenty-four ' hoars after
the eruption, in a state of derangement, he bathed
ip the sea? the eruption receded, and 36 hours
after he died.'"The Physicians and many others
have,' to'their' credit done all they 'could for the
sick.,V Errom ' of . judgment , have doubtless been
committed, . but in respect to ' this ' disease, Mr.
rtrmatroDgana ir. juaa i oeiieve to pe as exempt
as otherj.. The evil of the charge against these
gentlemen, in my mindV is, that I cannot persuade
myself thai k is true, and many, intelligent gentle
men concur With : me t;n this opinion, I
know well that scandalona ; things r mmiA anA
written in other countries; when party spirit runs
high on the eve of an election. I have known it
to be so of those who have ' received the highest
honors' in the gift of the nation.' li 11 ' vr'-tU4 j
''U is uomtooa WW li'Minkmom ont it
is demoralizing, and wrong any where." It is es
pecially so in pemi-civiJized land,' just emergl
iag from a barbarous , heathenism, . where such
things are LjDot nnderstood; The coinnion' rnnd
seeks fse soma abject ?on fckh; toreharge ;ils
Ctieasesf 31 at soch times, whether, the public
ww wiw oi turn ira m -.4n, HOine, or
otherwiseV la easily extned to acts of excess and
VrTo IltSatrUef-A gentlein in his humane and
coapaio Tii f.rtl one: latorinv 1 nnisr 5 a
THE POLYNESIAN, SATURDAY; SEPTEMBER,
why? tecause t!JatiTes In C.V-ha4Toe
come convinced that the physicians were poison
ing them, as otherwise they could not predict"
tad they often done, with truth, how long the one
pick was to live. Now it would take but little skill
to confirm in tbeir minds tir miction and incite
to the, massacre of the phya
I use this case as an illustration, and also, be
cause I received tbe request to make it known,
that the physicisns might be guarded against coro
municatinff such: anticipated .results, when the
symptoms were such as to lead them to expect it
As to Mr. Armstrong's skill, ! have heard sever
al physicians express entire confidence in it and
do not doubt it-
-f 5 1 A T.OVP.R. fP JnSTICE.
. !;.HTbe Coolie System of Pern. -' -T?;
' ' The system adopted for introducing Coolies into
Pern, is, that they are procored on speculation
the shippers bringing them without; previous, en
gagement, and turning them oyer on arrival to the
man who will pay the highest price for their ser-
vices seven years, vv e ao not xnow vnewerwej
a 1 1 I iL
are put up at auction,' or contracted for privately
They are employed to work mines; load: guano,
and at other laborious occupations ; and possibly
their condition is not much improved by emigra
tion. But with kind and considerate employers
upon 'plantations,' 'at stipulated wagea, ( rations,
medical attendance, bouses. dtc we consider
their engagement on these island for fire -years.
a boon to people in the condition of Chinese Cool
ies, many of whom are represented as . exceeding
ly destitute, even of the necearries of life, while
others are literally starving for want of employ
ment in their country'. " - !-v' ' " " '
As employed here, they get a fair equivalent for
their labor, and are considered,' with, some, excep
tions of course, a useful class of laborers.. And so far
as our information extends, they are well treated,
well-fed. and are not over-worked, by those who
have them in their employ. -They also receive the
. . - .i
wages stipulated to be paid them previous to their
sailing from China, their expenses of passage being
also paid by their employers.' Contracts for coolie
abor'are sometimes transferred here by the repay
ment of the remaining proportion of passage ex
penses to the original contractor, by mutual agree
ment , .
Ships, Shipping, Ac.
The Hawaiian brig Elizabeth Newell,
Smith, arrived at San Francisco on the 10th of
August 45 days from Kauai, with produce to
Master,-. : . 1 . . ' ; .
The frigate St. LawEEXfcn and sloop-of
war " roaTSMotJTH, arnvea ai san jrancisco on
" ' m. " ' W !
the 12th ult, 24 days hence. ;J "."
The briff M. A. Jopes. Folger, arrived
August 14th, 42 days from this port ' t -
The clipper ship Swow So,call Bursley,
arrived at this port on the 28th, 11 days from &an
Francisco. She brought dntes from New York of
July 19tb, 39 days through, which is the quick
est time yet by two days. She sailed hence for
China on . the morning of the 29th, with a good
trade. , , V) --. i - h ;
: The clipper ship Fltixo Cloco and
Hornet, both arrived at San Francisco from New
York, in 105 days ; the difference in their sailing
was a few hours in favor of the former. They
both sailed and arrived the same day. . '
The Cucard steamship Arabia, is reported
to. have, made the passage from JNew York to
Liverpool in 9 days, 16 end a half, hours, thus
beating the shortest trip of tbe . Collins line by
three-quarters of an hour. The following -are the
three shortest trips ever made: -: -
Baltic, western passage, 9 days 19 hours. -Arctic,
eastern w ' 9 " 17 i
Arabia, u 9 " 16, "
; The ship Mechanics Ow, Seabu'ry, ar
rived on the 31st nit, 131 days from New York.
She has a full freight for this port, and will re
main at this port for a freight of oil back to the
The clipper brig Boston, Tapley, is now
oading for San Francisco, and will sail during the
coming wee a. tier ireigm win consist oi oil,
sugar, syrup and other island produce, and we be-
ieve she goes over to the coast with a full cargo.
She will also take the Mail for tbe United States.
The brig Swiss Bor, Dexter, sailed yester.
day, for Tahiti and other islands to the southward.
Tbe barque. Kremlih sailed from Boston
"or Honolulu, on the 7th of July. ; :.
A fine clipper schooner called the Restless.
built by Mr. Win. Miller, for Messrs. Henry P.
Haven and 1 bos. r itch, d, wm be launched this
afternoon at about 6 o'clock, at Mr. M. 'a ship
yard, near Fort Trumbull. This vessel, is pro
nounced ot very superior model, and is about WO
tons burthen, built for a fast sailer, coppered and
copper fastened. Her length on deck is 103 feet
breadth of beam, 27 teet 7 inches ; depth of bold
9 feet 3 inches. She has a high quarter deck and
round stern, and her cabin is finely furnished with
state-rooms and . excellent - accommodations for
passengers. ! She will be loaded immediately and
despatched for Honolulu, S. L; and will probably
be employed in the trade of the Pacific . between
that port and San Francisco. . '" .;;.-.
The Ericsson. Most of the orignal7 ma
chinery of the caloric ship Ericsson has been re
moved, and on tbe 18th ult, she was towed f rom
Williamsburg to the foot of Thirteenth St., North
River, for the purpose of receiving hen new ma
chinery., i it, is said. that the owners are confident
the.Encson will be m, readiness for sea by the
of September next JY. Y. Herald.
OrriCK or ths CoxxtsstoxEss or Public Hsaltk
Wiexlt Ripoar. The -number of new - oases of
Small Pox which have been reported during the past
week for the ialand of Oahu are S95 ; .he pumber of
deaths reported in the same time are 78. ' ; . , . ,
From tne otner islands tne new cases reported are
4l r deaths; 31. : 1 y--.vw .
Total number -or) eases reported from tne com
mencement 4,831 .toul deaths, 1,735. j nod i !
Number of cases remaining tn llonolaln this, day,
' Number of burials under the direction of' the Com
missioners, by the Police and others, in Honolulu 'and
vicinity since July 28th, 340. Whole number, 1,012.
1 X. U. ti. jKUU&f,
Honolulu, Sept 2, rl8.53v
San Francisco Market.
From San Francisco oar dates by the Typhoon are
to the 19th of , August' '" -Oallego, and Haxall floor
was'seftlng at $24.' Bice ex M. A. JWes sold at 7c
J Sugar.-15,000 lbs.' Pinf sold at 13c. ' Kefined,
17c deciineAr There was a good inquiry fbr raw and
refined: with farm market'' J'
' 8yrupii66b gaQ! iBahdwich lal. sold at 75c. ' ' l."J.
trois-ioes. oanawicu xsianas 1-4 ana x-i c. pr. id.;
balifbrmUuet!l-2 e.; red, 2 - e. 1 - : ; "! ; :
CoaaxcTidif. In 'the second paragraph of the
Singes rply to MK nsul Angel's address, pub
w,coant4 ti printed by airtaki. for the
lished m the Polynesian of the S3th August the
'. Forty-two days frosa Kew York.
v.The clipper ship Trraooir, Capt. Salters, arrived
early'yesterday morning," 13 days from San Francis
co.; Sbe brings no mail, but has papers from New
York, to the 20th of July, which contain European
dates to the 9th of July.'" J
By this axriTal, we regret to learn the loss of the
merchant ship Charles Mallory. Capt Hall, which
sailed from this port on the 30th of March, with a
full freight and passengers, among whom were Mr.
Brown and family of Wailua; Kauai, and Mr. 'and
Mrs.1 IVtte'rsonj of Honolula. She was lost on the
9th of Jcne, a few miles south'of St Augustine, and
bilged. The captain and crew were saved, and the
cargo also would be saved. - - ' ' '
The Crystal Palace was opened on the 14th of
July, with great ceremony. The President of the
United States was present oa the occasion, togethe
with many distinguished, guests from all parts of the
country, and from Europe. -
A Washington correspondent of the Alt Califor
nia says, " Public opinion seems strongly in favor of
uking the surplus money in the Treasury to build the
Pacific Kailroad." : . . . - ' t
The Canard steamer Europe reached Halifax on the
19th, with European dates to the 9th July. The
news is important The Czar had made the first
grand move, by marching his troops into Moldavia,
which had created a most decided panic both in
London and Paris.-. According to the advices, the
difference of opinion with regard to the Turkish
question was so great among the members of the
British Ministry, that a dissolution of the Cabinet
was at one time threatened. ., , -
The Russians hare crossed tbe Pruth. Menaces
which' many regarded as mere empty bombast
have been executed to the letter, and the equilibrium
of Europe has been fairly overturned. Nicholas has
once more placed before Europe the issue of peace or
war. The New York '.Herald savs: 1
The London press is unanimous in denouncing
the conduct of Russia; but those journals which may
be supposed to speak the sentiments of the Aberdeen
Cabinet have carefully abstained from informing
their readers that it constitutes a legitimate ground
for war. The decision originally arrived at by the
Cabinet, when the occupation of the principalities was
first threatened, is still maintained now that the
event has taken place. England is vastly indignant
at tbe palpable dishonesty of Kussia ; but her feel
ings are controlled by her interest and that requires
the preservation of the trade of the Baltic : If Russia
advanced still further, and menaced the very exist
ence of the Ottoman Empire, it would still need a
vast deal of courage on the part of the Cabinet to
announce to the British nation that they were again
to be plunged into war. Public sentiment mav here
after be roused to a warlike pitch, but for the present
such an event is highly improbable, and our accounts
irom Europe are, on tbe whole, clearly in favor of
peace. . ; , -
t ranee and England have acted precisely as we
anticipated. . I he former is eageiMbr hostilities.
Tbe Moniteur has not yet spoken; but tbe public
is being prepared for a rupture by articles in other
journals, which, though not directly official, are
yet known to speak the sentiments of the French
Emperor. ' Paris correspondents do not hesitate to
attribute the paternity of tbe article in tbe Consti
tutions, to the lumperor himself. When the head
of the French government tells us that the entry
of the Russians into Moldavia, constitutes, what
ever may be said of it a mo3t manifest and fla
grant casus belli when all the Paris press, of
whatever color and party, unite in this view of the
event and announce that France will be ready to
taite ner pan in me connict we may tairty regard
our prediction vennea." .
A despatch from Washington remarks that
fresh difficulties hare arisen with regard to tbe
fishery question ;and that . negotiations will be dec
ayed until tbe meeting of Congress in December.
n the mean time, the fleet under Commodore
Shubrick will endeavor to as strenuously proiect
the rightful interests of the American fishermen,
as does Admiral Seymour's squadron those of
British subjects. ; '.. ;
Commodore Vanderbilt had arrived at Havre
from Russia in the North Star.
We see no further allusion in the papers to the
appointment of a Commissioner to these islands. '
In the San Francisco Herald, of July 8th, we
find the following startling assertion. It concludes
a notice of the small pox now prevailing here,
It is said by some who have long resided at the
Islands, that a brig was fitted out in Oregon some
! rears since with the small pox on board, express
y to introduce it among the Islanders,. and thus
blot them out of existence. The bng started, but
was never heard of more. This may be an exag
geration, but it shows the impression which has
long prevailed that the small pox, if ever introduc
ed in the islands, would almost depopulate them.
We are entirely incredulous in regard to the
statement above made, and think it a hoax, attempt
ed to be played off upon soma gullible listener.
That man is depraved, there is but too much evi
dence to believe; but that he is so much the fiend
as thus knowingly to introduce a disease that
would "blot a nation out of existence," we are not
willing to give credit to for a moment
Serious Accident. , ..,..:-:,
We are sorry to learn that Mr. Charles Hills, en
gaged in the saw mill on King street had his left
hand nearly severed by the circular saw on Monday
last. : One of the bones was cut entirely off, and the
other somewhat wounded. Up to this time the
wound is doing well, and hopes of recovery are en
tertained, without amputation. , .',
His Honor Chief Justice Lei returned to Hon
olulu on Saturday last from Hawaii, in feeble health.
Since his return he has been confined to his room,
but we are happy to hear that he is slowly convalescing.;-:,:
:. . ' - r . , . '" ,
' ' v - . Honolulu; Sept 2d. 1850. j
- Mr. Editor. From facts which are continually
forcing themselves upon my attention, I am led to
enquire, whether all has been done, which can be,
to prevent the ravages of the small pox ? As good
vaccine matter can now be obtained in abundance,
is it too late td commence a thorough and syste
matic re-vaccination of the natives in this island?
I'he disease may not rage so virulently in town, as
it has done, but in the country, from all I can learn,
it is worse, especially atLwa ami Koolau. ; , - i
1 rejoice to learn that the Health Commission
have now more money at their disposal t would it
uot be a politic and most salutary movement to di
vide off even at this late hour, this island, among
the Honolulu Physicians, and let them be employ
ed to re-vaccinate at a reasonable price ? Although
I am confident that Dr. Hillebrand,'at hit office, is
doing all in his power, still it is utterly impossible
for.niut to vaccinate dux a small portion ot tne na
tives) on this island". ....
As the shipping season is rapidly approaching, I
felt exceedingly anxious that all should be done
that can be, to prevent its further spread among
natives and' seamen. i
By these remarks I would not cast the least re
flection Upon the gentlemen .of the Health .Com
mission, or upon the physicians in Honolulu; but
tbe public would be glad to-know if, something
more cannot be. done, to remove this terrible con
tagion, which has for so long a time beenaprc&d-
ing aeaui oa, every eiae. r ours iruiy, ;
v ;..,:'.-v, . HUMANITY
REMAaE-We" most earnestly second the sug
gestion of our correapdndent above ; utial&?u;
most, if not all the popokin have I zrx vaccina
ted and many of them re-vaccinated.' 1L if there
is a possibility of securirj any greatsr i-ree
protection by a renewed etbrt, let it t maCJ, cy
all means.' V V; "'-' '"' i
B y u 1 1) o r i i fi .:
Honolulu. August 29th, 1853.
Sir: We, the undersigned Representative of
Great Britain and t rance, bave tne nonor 10 soli
cit aq audience with Tbe King and His Majesty's
Privy1 Council, for the purpose of expressing our
sentiments respecting some recent" occurrences
which we conceive deeply invoke the Sovereignty
of the King and. the Independence of the Island.
With sentiment of high consideration, we have
the honor to be -."-' i .
Sir, Your most obedient humble Servants,
EM. PERR1N. . WM. MILLER. H
To. R C Wtllie, Esq - - . v - . .--i;7 f
H. H. M.'s Minister Foreign Relation.
-.: :. -.y , v. r- : . f . ' - ' I
' - Privy Council Chambers., Palace 1 -.-.
" - - August 29th, 185a S :'
The undersigned had the honor to receive this
dsy in Privy Council, the note by the two Repre
sentatives of Great Britain and France' of this
date, in which they solicit an audience with the
King and His Majesty's .Privy Council, for the
purpose of of expressing their sentiments respect
ing some recent occurrences which they consider
deeply involve His Majesty's Sovereignty and the
Independence of Hi Islands. . . -.. -
The undersigned w commanded, by tne King to
reply that he has convoked his Council for Thurs
day, tbe 1st of September, at 11 o'clock, A. 1L, to
receive the Representatives of Great Britain and
The undersigned has the honor to add thft as
surance of bis bigbest respect and consideration.
. - . K. U YV XlAAtl.
Loois Exile Perrih,
Wm. Miller, Esq.,
Consul, Commissioner 6x
; H. B, M.V Consul,
Plenipotentiary of His
- oic. ot-cl. etc
Imperial Majesty, Na-J
poleon ILL, or : ;
- L '
,0 i 1
' 1 Honololu, September 1st 1853.
May it Please Your Majesty:
We, the Kepresentatives ot ureat untain an
France, beg. leave respectfully , to intimate
Your Majesty, that we are fully informed of the
extraordinary course adopted by some American
Merchants, Landed Proprietors and other citizens
of the United States connected with the Protes
tant M issionaries, residing on Woaboo, with a view
to induce Your Majesty to alienate i our tsove-
reignty and the Independence ot these Island, by
immediate negotiation for annexation to the United
States ; and that we are aware, also, of the coun
tenance and support that a memorial which those
crentlcmen have addressed to von. to the aforesaid
effect, has received from high official Functiona
ries, at Honolulu, all of which proceedings have
given rise to considerable excitement among
French and British residents. '
Under these circumstances, we consider it our
duty to remind you that Great Britain and France
have entered into solemn Treaties with the Sand
wich Islands, by which Treaties Your Majesty,
Your Heirs, and Successors, are bound to extend,
at all times, to French and British subjects, the
same advantages and privileges as may be granted
to subjects or citizens of tbe most favoured nation ;
and that the joint Declaration of bngland and
r ranee, ot . the zotn ot November, 1843, was
founded upon the clear understanding that Your
Majesty was to preserve xour Kingdom as an In
Therefore, we declare, in the name of our
Governments, that any attempt to annex.; the
Sandwich Islands to any foreign power whatever,
would be in contravention of existirg Treaties,
and could not be looked upon with indifference by
either the British or the French Government
We beg further to observe that in accord
ance witn the Hawaiian Constitution, I our
Majesty could only alienate Your Sovereignty and
slands under certain circumstances which cir
cumstances bave not occurred and that no
Monarch whatever, according to Yattel and other
writers on international Law. bas a right to alien
ate his kingdom, or to enter into a Negotiation
with that view, without the concurrence of his
We therefore, consider that the time has ar
rived for us to remonstrate, and we do hereby re
monstrate, against lour Majesty becoming a
party to the scheme recently got up, or to any
other project which existing Treaties and the
lawaiian Constitution do not sanction.
EM. PERRIN, WM. MILLER; ,
Heureux de donner a Votre Majeste" one
nouvelle preuve de notre respect, nous
iprouvons Ie' besoin de lui faire savoir,
en notre quahte de xtepresentants de la
ranee es de la Grande Bretagne quo nous
connaissons Ja demarche insolite rcemment
hasardle parun certain nombre de citoyens
des Etats Unis, ngociants, propri&aires ou
membres de la Mission Protestante fixes
dans Llle d'Oahou. . Le but de cette tenta
tive est d'engager Voire Majestl a aliener
sa Sou verainete et L independance de son
archipel, par la negotiation immediate
d'une annexion aux Etats Unis. "La petition
adresse a cet effet a Votre Majeste, par les
personnes sus-indiquees, a 6te enoutre de
part de hauts fonctionnaires hawaiens
galement "fixes a Honolulu, 1 'objet d'une
faveur particuliere et d'un appui cordial. ;
Ue parens actes ont repandu 1 inquietude
parmi les Tsidants franais et anglais.
Jjans des circonstances aussi graves, nous
considerons somme un devoir de rappeler a
Votre Majeste, que la France et la Grande
Bietagne ont conclu des traites avec les lies
Sandwich, et qu aiix termes de. ces acte
solennels Votre Majeste, ses heritiers et
successeurs sont tenus d'accorder constam-
ment aux sujets franais et anglais, les
memes a vantages et privileges que ceux qui
seraient accordes aux Sujets ou citoyens de
a nation la plus favorisee: nous ne pouvons
pas plus lui laisser oublier, que la declara
tion du 23 Novembre, 1843, qui He la France
et l Angleterre, repose essentiellement sur
cette conviction, que Votre Majeste devait
conserver l'independance de son royaume. 1
-: n vue de ces motifs nous declarons, au
nom de nos Gouvernements; que toute ten
tative d annexer les lies Sandwich a une
puissance trangere quelconqiie, serait une
contrayentioa aux . traites , existants, et ne
pourrait etre rue avec indiflerence par nos
augustes Souverains. . tr : - ' t ;!-
i Nous prierons encore '. Votre Majeste ' de
nous pennettre de lui faire remarquer,
qu'aux termes de la constitution Hawaienne,
elle ne pourrait aliener sa sotrverainete et
rindependance de ses iles, que dans cer
taines circonstances ; qui lie . se . sont- pas
encore produites, et que, selon le droit des
gens, aucun Monarque ne peut aliener son
royaume, ou entamer une negociation avec
cette pensee, sans le consentement .'de son
peuple. .. m '-V;):-'.:
Nous croyons enfin que le moment est
venu pour nous de reprsenter a vctre - tla-
jestv, comme nous le faisons aujourdl:ri,
qu elle ne doit s associer ea nen a la tczla
tive d 'annexion acfuelle m a toute autre
dans l'avenir parceqne- ce - ne - serait rien
moins, que la rtolatiea'do- tratis r-ix;
et de la constitution IlawaTesae, cr,,Vr3
Majesty a vu6 ct rrcsasj da tzc
Honolulu, Ie ler 7bre, IEC3L
Le Consul Cotnzusssire t Tlinipctc
: aire de S. My. , - :. fv'-; . ,
WM. MJXLlt - ESL PERTlrv
.... a - Privy Council Chamber, Palace. I ' I
12, Noon, 1st Sept, 1853 i
The undersigned is commanded by the '.
to state to the Representative of Great Bnua i
and France, that His Majesty will duly con2, i
the Joint Memorandum which they this day p -senicd
to His Majesty, in presence of His i
ters" and Privy Council of StateT : -,v
. . . , , i SR. WYUhv i
To Monsieur, 'iTo4 . 1U -v-
Lorn- Exile PexxisJ'
T7x-Mrujra. r. I
and PisaipteB(IaryL of
. His Imperial Majesty,
" -VT t , r
""' France.i ""!"
Thb Iscmortautt or Attectioii. Wk '
in the course of his life, hath; not been so k.
witched, and worshipped some idol or anotV
cr? Years. after this, passion hath been deal
and buried' 'along with 'a 'thousand other'
wordly cares and ambitions, he who fefc a
can recall it out of its grare, and admire. aL
most as lonmy as ne cua in nis youth, that 1
lovely, queenly -creature. 1 invoke that I
beaotiful spirit from the shades, and love ber '
st ill ; or rather, I should say, ' such a past
always the present to a man; anch a passio i
once felt forms a part of his whole being, a : "
canbot be separated from it; H . becomes a' t
portion of the man of to-day, just aa any fsi . i
or conviction, the discovery, of poetry, the '
awakening of religion, ever afterward ingr: t
ences him; just as the wound I bad atEieo- t
heim, and of which I wear the scar, hath be- -1
come part of my frame and influenced mj T
whole bndj najj spirit nhseqnsatljr
though. 'jUras gpjan healed fertjears ago.!
Parting and forgetting! What faithful heart I
can do these? Our 'great 'thoughts, ear I
great affections,' the Truths of our life, aerer
leave ns. Thackeray's Esmond. "
A Sawdwich . lsLAnEJts NoTroif or- is
Oath. Preparatory to an Investigation into
the circumstance, attending the death of a
native; of the Sandwich Islands, : who had
been engaged with 14 others; Inhabitants of
Honolulu, to navigate the ship tailed the Pe-
kin home to England, and had been 'killei j
on the passage, . each of tbe ; natives being
questioned by the Lord Mayor as to bis
knowledge of the nature of an oath, said
"A man who tells a lie will have nothing bat
pain hereafter. (Pointing to the fire. V , Tbe
spirit will leave the body and go to Heaven,
Tbe truth is always told when the heart is
warm (purely directed.) God is Jehovah in v
heaven. , ? The body dies, goes to dust. The
soul lives after death. ;i It. never dies, . The
oath I take is like a prayer calling on God to ;
look arid see that what I say is true.
At Honolulu, oa tbe mora ibc W tn 31tt mltJf 4iMun ef
the brain, Him? llounif, S yrt,som tt Taoaua
Mosraiu or tbia city. - - - - :
On ta Waifaa FaHs Eaute, Anafa. aaaisiar Wsm. T-
and Kfkipanaai Sagaaale, af ad 5 wmhl t.-.t ; . - ? I
SoSar luu cbildran to com u bm and forlid tnam
uL Car at urb ia thm Kimmdaim of Ruvaa.19 J'
In Hvaolultt. Sept. lat. Giomi Bdbj. an Err J tnaiwa . 1
oi ion suaaiag at im tsianda, or aa anccooa ot IM krua,
aid46. , ' v.- i ... . . . ,
On tho aamo day, sir. ,Taoaua SicaaaMoit, alao an Zaf
IUIumb, and Jbrmerlr a partner of Mc Baa ia tba katckar -bosiaeas,
of cencumption, fe4 38. " -.' - ' r -'
Ana. so, at mo aaaaii nos konMal. Jaa JStlvaba. or raraL.
aeooparaytrada.. . ;
On Sunday taa 19tk taMC kr ov. C ' B. lltMa, Caaa
Taoascajr, t of Astoria, U. L, aad Mr. SUbm i. Waa
OS. of Naw Uartfurd. N. Y. - ... . . , , y
fAt tba matura ace or eiibtr one, an in tb saaaaufcin of
pbyaical aad mental bcnltiaa wbicb bo aalnM tt
bolter" after the experience, too, of Aalf a cMexry of awumd
life.be baa Tentured again apon iU reapiaibiiiiaa. Mi. bait
will bo r ratified to ieara tbat a feature ao preplnaaa, adoma
tbeseqaalof tbelifeof tbeberoof M Laoria ToddL"
la Cbarieaton, S. CSd iun.. Mr. Dowals 6. BTrrcasU. of
Connecticut, author of tbe 44 Bertria of a Bacnahar. and a- -
cenUr appointed Coaaal to Venice, and Miaa Mabt r daaib- .
ter of far. Waa. B. rriagle, of CbarleMoa.
PORT OF HONOLULU.
Ang. 88 Aneab Snow Squall, Banlrr, 19 ds ftafaa Tim
ow oca raneune, uaaonrao, 13 da fia Saa 1Mb Otaeaa.
- 3! Aai ab Mecbaaica' Own. Boaaarr. 13S de mm SL Tark
Sept. 9 Am ab Typaooa, Saltera, 13 da un Saa giajtiiSii .,
- - ciearaaees. --' '....--
Ang. 30 Am acb E. L. rroat) Heatpatoai, Baa naaeaias.
Sailbd, Anr. 29, ab Snow Sana!. Bareler. China. ' See.'
Tjrpbooa, Salter, Bbaagbae. .- . -.v-.r. "
t 3f eaaoraadla. , . :
Tbe Mechanica Own. sailed froaa Hew Tort- A aril Bib
Oa tbe S9tb, aaw aperat wbalaa.ia lau 3S aorta. leaavdS weau
Croaaed the equator ia tbe A t lan tie. May SOU, 39 day oat, ia
long. 29" 3 WV Oa tbe 28th of J; aunt tnaK tba
etnas of h Jf aire Sad tbe cape ia 69 days. TTealb J Cja, -aJtbongb
the ana was above tbe boriaoa bat aarea ba a
day. Light winds to tbe equator, wbtcb aba croaaed. io tibm
racifie, long. 118 west, 1 13 daye out, oa tbe I rtb of Ang.'
day aaw epeimwaaiee ia large aoaiBori, noea aeta av
On tho ITlb of Aataet wae boarded by a boat (rasa d
viaa bark Empreaa, 90 days froaa-Cnina, with die tor jiea oa
board, bcand for Csllao. On tie 37tb, mad tae 'alsd oT
Hawaii, toaeaed at laaaiaa oa u au, ana am MTme
port on the 3toc Witb tbe eacepaaa ef a rttf Urn daye, tae- '
weather waa ao moderate daring tbe wbela troya-o, taataa
epea w bale-boat mibt hTa saiely kept the ship OMpaay. '
t,;;,J -- .':-. ' v-, i' Ai C-AltDe ':'t'. '-.
TTK ALEL JREDISON wishes 16 tax ttfs op- . f
jur porauutw oi pubuclj mnnun.Ba atcaxeaao
grateful thanju to those Udiea and tatlamea who
so kindly supplied his wants anrlreliirvedt hisneces
noes dunng lua late uXnes. . .. sept. X : -
CHOOL' BOOKS.-The atehtiMfj'; oif i" '"ol
KJ. teachers is invited to a new aud attrariiiTaVa
bf school book, just received brf the M2Iehaiik's
Uwn, embracvag every orancti' tairM ia ear
school i aad also elementarv Latin endCreeK Text
FOR SALE, bv, the Agent of tlje Xc-ri'a Ea
"Comoany. the folio wiiiicooi,' ' eiLM t
arrive in all September per sh5 Hary tttxl VT
avax SToaaa. .' Ki j rJ
Assorted Satline, SeenuBe; Twiae erwhrr Itas. k 4
black and tmght Vanuah, boiled t hisssd Crs
TorpenUne, sheauung Copper 19 end Z9 f ' t-.t '
MiUti vl.i'.f;GocarB8. ISV t!
Cask Port and Sherry, each SO nBs.,' hhi1
casks Brandy, 'Westphalia Bams. . . v ,: .,,
An asaortmeat ef EartherTrare, sUj "'xrlla. sad' -
Irons, files, Jews hat;!, acrti tr rrj,XrU
lington shoes, seAsncns drawer, sUtionery pUyiaf -cards,
broad cloth, aaafd qtaliCje, eorala hisda'ta, ...
China' eerah handa'fajpheck EroaerU.kt-'fjhl r
ribbon, fancy' printed mualira tiacklJt i lra. -J-
miO LET. The- house now eecu; :a3 W limn ;
Ji : ilelchers k Col. to he vaeatoi ta Crf Dai- ,
,-Apply to i J. CARAXAVS, Lwl- r tharr
of the premises. .. : tf-l - - j
COMPLETE aWtment of Gefifs GAJTZZtf '
mnA rT?"FH5 tntHM ..1. W. t iT V- .1.".
I!i7tf.3 - - ' J.C.?AI2):a.
txBt" trt'l ia si
LLU ? per ai? Mary Chcfae,'
Septiber, a Larrv ar-ortjiaat cf I
hctvtti by tr Co,,' LonoV-w :
.'i -v v .Geo! tJrae; tari f uCzl?. - JJ'J -TTl
tie District r- ona,Kavta tt:caa2e
XL North efX jakasrayandiUilczaeil
ha!fr.'fcoma aig ftaee. ;0. -,ivi4 a
f There axe about tZi ecre tzz tea IZZi to
2tc:fxiaioTe lialrvd ef theari ti e-'lzl li-
kazTalzt. .rcs-tiaTperixjf ' --