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gone through thejiisease have npwjiQ . cause
"'""".'lor, fear. Such ought Uotbe employed in
attending the sicW. ' : . ?
.Such measures must necessarily involve
"considerable -expense But" there ,,can 1
think Up nn rlmi lit. that, for this, a vote of;
indemnity, would at once pass. . If serious
fear on this head be entertained, the course
J-'..'of immediately summoning an extraordinary
session of parliament is open. . - ,
7 1 have now, Mr. Editor, nearly discharged
the task I have undertaken. ' In any cir
cumstance I might have thought it right to
t undertake it, but there are some circum
stances which seem imperatively to impose
it on ine. : -
I have pledged myself to give, to England
and America as just an account of these
Islands as my poor ability, may suffice to
accomplish. . I have little talent for what
some call fine writing. . I can oqly hope to
succeed bv stain the truth, in so far as I
know it. and it is my full purpose to do so.
Utterly unconnected with the contentions of
- ... r t I
ot party, 1 should , nave wisnea 10 remain a
mere spectator. But, it may be my sad task
to tell how perhaps one-half this nation
was swept suddenly away from among living
men. It may. be my unwilling duty to nave
to 1 censure this Government for standing
Isitlessly, without stretching forth a hand to
save could I then answer to my own cop
science, to my fellow men. to this Govern
ment itself, were I to remain silent and in
1 active, waiting as it were till I might safely
be wise behind-hand, and then lay blame on
others when not an atom of responsibility
rested on myself? It is surely a more man
ful and oroner part to speak out now. ...
In conclusion I would say I am far from
imputing any improper or unworthy motives
to ihe rrentlemcn who lorra tne.minisiry.
have the honor of knowing personally but
Ann or iwn of them. But. from all I. do
know of them. I cannot but believe that they
must feel even more than I do for the sad
desolation.' I war not with them, but, to
use the language of the prince of philoso
phers with the idols they worship, Men hrst
themselves fashion words, and then fall pros
trate before them, their passive slaves.' So,
having in name approximated the form and
procedure of the Hawaiian Government to
tnal ol England, torgetting mai .u is me
spirit within which cives its : proper life and
motion to all things they are the slaves of
- the idea, that these are indeed in everything
indentical. It is, I am satisfied, a false im
agination, that ought to give way before the
creat. the stern and sorrowful reality. The
Hawaiian, lonsr accustomed to the rule of
chiefs, has not yet learned to act for him
self. He' turns his eye wistfully to the
Government, . as filling the place of the
chiefs, for aid and direction, in this the day
tor.his great , calamity. Shall he do so in
: Your very Obedient Servant, :
9-7 JOHN RAE.
We would refer the writer of the above to the
report of the Royal Commissioners of Health,
published in our last, for information in regard
to what measures they have hitherto adopted to
stay the disease alluded to. The Legislature em
powered His Majesty to appoint Commissioners
for this purpose. They appointed " sub-commissioners
on other islands with power equal to their
own." We have always understood that those on
Maui were energetic and vigilant in the discharge
of their duties, and if our correspondent would
point out to them . what he conceives to be the
means necessary for securing greater protection
for the people of that island from contagion, we
have no doubt they would take them into imme
diate consideration. 7;
His Majesty's Ministers are not the persons em.
powered by law and the King's appointment, to
look after the details of this matter on all the is
lands. The Royal Commissioners are invested
with that power, and, as they tell us, they early
. delegated all their own powers, to M sub-commis-
sioners on the other islands. Whether they, the
-medical faculty universally, the King's Ministers,
or the government, have stood " listlessly, without
stretching forth a hand to save," will better ap
pear from the report alluded to, and from the gene--ral
knowledge of the community derived from their
own observation. . y
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1853.
, Begging the Question. .
i . When we took up the Argus of the 15th inst,
i and read the. text of his leading article, we in
. dulged the very pleasant anticipation of a good
Harmon. ' But vain illusion! However good the
text, and we pronounce it orthodox, the sermon
makes no allusion to it whatever!.
", . If our spice would admit, we should copy the
article entire, to prove our assertion. But as we
. cannot do this, we quote the text, and briefly state
the point of the commentary upon it.
"As we said before, we know of no independent
; government in the world where the real principles
T of free-trade are so fully carried out as in this-
By which we mean to say, that we use the term in
us only proper and legitimate sense, as meaning
.T-ffce ships, free merchandise and free trade in all
'respects." ....... - ' , .-
- One would suppose the testimony to disprove
, such an assertion or belief would be, the produc
tion of veritable statistics from the customs, port
5 regulations, license systems, taxes upon trade, &c.
.. die. from the laws, rules and regulations of some
independent government" uot a colonial inde
, pendence. . There is no other proof applicable to
the cue, or admissible ; and yet, the editor of the
-. Argus mikes no attempt to controvert our position
- in this way! Instead of showing os that the en
'j tire charges upon ships, direct and indirect : the
duties upon all general merchandise ; the licenses
and taxes upon trade, all combined, amount to less
;..in Home other independent government " than in
this, he edifies his readers, or rather attempts to
abuse their audertandings,. by a comparison of
. ' what these were here, in 1343, and in 1853 !
We have never said that the principles of free-
trade Were fully embraced and carried out in this
kingdom j but that we Jtaew of no other indepen
dent government where they are so fully carried
f oat,' or approximated.' : When the editor of the
4 Argus 6hows us that we are in error on thb point,
-we will either concede the argument, or show a
"difference in the circumstances of the case. ;
If we were anxious 1o kill off the native popu
lation with all despatch, we should recommend,
that in addition to the causes now unfortunately in
-i - operation, and having that tendency, to J repeal
certain prohibitory laws," by which we understand
the.editorof-.the -Argus to mean, to allow-and en
courage the distillation of rum all over the islands.
This, we imagine, would add the last drop to the
already brimming cup, and seal the destiny-of the
native race, forever.". ..'.! '.
If, on the other hand, we were anxious to swamp
the nation, financially, we should recommend the
abolition of the' custom house,' declare Hawaiian
porta free, ,and abolish all licenses. ; Should all
these be accomplished, the- Hawaiian, as an inde-
pendaat nation, could not exist three months. , It
could not raise a revenue at all adequate to- its
wants, and its vitality would be destroyed.- Npt
another ship'would be induced thereby to "visit bur thick clothing, &c. would rerdJhjMn.f9Lbe.paaU
m..-'-. rr -r.rrrr rtL"rL"T" '.' . - r... i.: .i...t
ports, hot a' dollar added to our ability to pay ior
our imports. - .
: Such are our vie ws, and we believe that in all
the attempts' that may he made to raise a revenue
independent of these '.soiircesi obstacles wiil be
foiund to.exist of as . insurmountable nature- r, Bit
while we think thus, we are not the advocate of a
stationary policy ; rather let s make progress, but
in the right . direction. ? Let us vfoater commerce
and isgricHltdrei .educatibd and religion good
morals and truth, for these are the elements 'that
will rive us strength as a - nation and, virtue as
people.. ' : ' . - . ' " . '. '. '
I The success of plantations does hot. require that
they should make rum, iwjr docs our ability to com
pete with Texas and Louisiana in the matter of
sugar plantations, for neither of those States man
ufacture rum. They are prevented by the cheap
whiskey of the north,' which! would be likely to
come in, and have the same effect here, when the
Panama ship canaVahd free-trade,. shall facilitate
its introduction. ' ' ' i?: '
' As we have often remarked' before, we are op
posed to high duties and "high taxation. They
both cripple a' poor country like this, But for the
necessary revenue of an economical government,
we know of no mode so equitable, and universally
applicable, as to raise it, to a considerable extent,
by an import dutyi , Every man then pays for what
he consumes, and nothing more.
Loss of Ship Citizen.' of New Bedford.
Of. the numerous fleet of whalcships that cruis
ed in the Arctic in 1852, we believe the Citijen,
of New Bedford, was the only one not reported as
having visited some port, or known to have been
lost. For the past six months, or since news from
the different ports visited by whalers, had been re
ceived, fears were entertained for the fate of this
ship, which, unfortunately, have, been confirmed
by the arrival of the Wm, Tell, CapL.Taber, from
the Arctic, on board of which ship are two of the
crew of the Citizen. From one of theso, Joseph
Mears of Philadelphia, the following.' particulars
have been obtained. : i. : - ' - '
On the 25th of Sept., 1852, the Citizen had been
lying-to in a heavy gale for four days. Having
been without observations, her position was not ex
actly known ;' and during the night of that day it
was found she was getting into shoal water, when
the ship was immediately put about and sail made
upon her.: Before' she could accomplish this, how
ever, she struck upon a sand beach, about north
latitude 67, when ber masts were immediately cut
away. ; A heavy sea soon after struck the 6hip,
and carried away her poop-deck aft, making her a
Being too rough for boats to live, the crew suc
ceeded in getting ashore on spars, &.c. with the ex
ception of 'four Portuguese and one American,
Charles L. Heath, of Philadelphia. These were
drowned in the attempt to reach the shore. The
morning dawned upon a hleak and uninhabited
shore, and found them in circumstances of peril,
which required strong nerves to encounter. Dur
ing the day. a small quantity of provisions were
washed ashore, which were carefully rolled up on
the beach. The next endeavor of the shipwrecked
men was to find inhabitants, and a shelter from the
bleak winds and intense cold, which would soon
have cut them off, without protection. '
After a little exploration, two natives were dis
covered, who were friepdly, and these they ac
companied to the nearest village, which was about
15 miles distant' Here they, were received with
the kindest attentions, and every thing done for
their comfort which the circumstances of the na
tives allowed. Sledges were despatched for the
provisions saved, which wers safely housed.
The crew were provided for in the native huts,
and furnished with skins, without which, during
the winter, hey would have perished.. The pro
visions saved from the wreck subsisted the . crew
for about six months, after which time, for two or
three months, they were furnished by the natives
with fish, whales' blubber, walrus flesh, &c. For
more than two months entire darkness reigned, and
the cold was most intense. An American and a
Hawaiian were frozen to death during the winter.
' The settlement consisted of 15 huts, and a popu
lation of about 50 persons, all of whom seemed to
feel a responsibility for the safe-keeping of their
guests, and apprehensive that if any of them should
be lost, the American government would punish
them for their neglect This apprehension led
them to impose some restraint upon the crew, who
did not understand as well as they the danger of
exposure to the cold, or the hazard tbey would
run in attempting to reach the East Cape, which
some of them bad an idea of undertaking, when
their provisions failed. v. , ": V
From February to April, different parties left for
the Capel 'about 225 miles distant . They traveled
on the ice, and wherever they found ; natives, they
received the same kindness and hospitality as at
the first village. '.This journey was' performed
with much suffering. v Failing of native huts, they
were sometimes compelled to sleep upon the ice,
and almost perished. ... , .. . :.-.'
The last party : reached the . Cape settlement
about the middle' of June, and on the 2d of July,
the thrilling cry of tail '. O! greeted their ears.
This proved to be the Bremen ship Joseph Hay-
den, Capt Goosman, who had heard of their wreck
and was in Bearch of them.' 'The shipwrecked
men were immediately, taken oh board, and every
attention shown them. - From this ship they were
scattered among the fleet, and some of them have
already arrived here, as stated above. Capt.. Nor
ton is onboard the Helen Augusta, and is soon ex
pected at this port, upon whose arrival we may be
able to procure more details in regard to his dis
aster. '.v; '. . -T....
The Citizen was of 464 tons, and owned in
New Bedford, by 1. Howlahd, Jr. & Co. She had
Between two and. three thousand barrels oil ;6n
board, with a fair prospect of filling up, had she
not met with this disaster. ' A ' . "V
, It is reported that after the gale in September
abated, there was a season of fine weather, and
wnaies mnumeraoie . aoounaeu. - as. winter ap-
Iproached, immense numbers were ' seen heading
THft POLYNESIAN. SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER
southward, and going through the Straits into: the
open sea The; Arxtic appeared to be frozen over,
with the exception of holes here and 4here',and
from the observations made, it seems to be estab
lished that the whales do not winter in the Arctic,
but seek a milder temperature in the open sea out
side the Strait 1 ; ' '' -'"-
In view of the kindness shown these shipwrecked
men by the natives, when entirely wiUiin their
pWer, we cannot , forbear the expression of the
opinion that their conduct richly merits a substan
tial ackrioHedcrment brtmrAmericaB govcrfimehtr
;A tew Hundred dollars, j we lormj oiDiiYiiK:is,
tentipsa'and aidjttil? wsijd ustainmeW lives apd
restore them to their country. .
1 ") -f
t? ... .'......- nil. i .(
'Wip4s..a4 Currents of tbe Sea.
We wouldcall the attention of pur readers to
f it .,.. .- f' -- ' -
an article on our first page,, under tue; a Dove, jieaa
It emanates from high authority on such subjects,
and will attract especial attention from 'the cap-
tains oi wnaie and mercmni biups oounu irom
the ports of the Pacific to the Atlantic ocean.
It is well known to rhose of bur1 readers that
Lieut Maury has been for md'riy years engaged in
lose" observitions in regard to the currents of the
oceani-ahd'the" prevailing winds in1 dfffere'nt parts
of the world,f In lhis'laudahle and important j un
dertaking,' , he has' raetf; w itji the ' hearty concur
rence of alargenumbc'r',of.captaiH3 of. vessels,
who keep for. hisj especial . use a. series of. observa
tions during their voyages. From careful anal
ysis of these, abs tracts j he has-dedueed various
theories, which have been lested: by: subsequent
vovaires. and. found remarkably correct One'- of
the most singular of these was tested in the first
voyage of the Sovereign,' which took his wind and
current chart for a guide.'a'nd actually crossed the
equator in the Pacific,' and arrived at San Francis
co, on the very days predicted by Lieut. Maury.
It is quite- true thaj one such , fulfilment ;of his
prediction does not fully establish his .theory ;but
it does give it . credibility, and inspires the hope
that there, is truth at its foundation. ; . i "-
-As Capt. Mc Kay had great confidence in Lieut
Maury's directions, we have no doubt he followed
them in his voyage from this port to New York,
which is the subject of ,the official report alluded
toV ,The favorable result is' .wt only 'graUfyiDJ,
but will furnish a useful hint to ships bound from
this port around the Horn, and it is for this reason
mainly, that we republish it for their perusal.
; By carefully examining the details of this: re
port, it will be observed that, instead of putting
his 6hip sharp upon the wind, on leaving this port,
he kept away free, making a course west of south
through the N. E. and S. E. trades. . In south lati
tude 45 he got clear of the trades, and in 48 S.
took the west winds he had been looking for. And
during the next 22 days the good 6hip made 5,391
nautical miles , about equal to crossing the At
lantic twice between Liverpool and New York !
Her least day's work during this period was 150
knots.'and her greatest, 362 knots,' or 419 miles.
Her greatest rate of speed was 18 knots, or 21
statute mil es, the hour! During the voyage of
1,897 consecutive hours, she' sailed 17,597 statute
miles, a daily average of 225.7 statute miles, and
a fraction over nine miles an hour.- .
. On the voyage from New York to Liverpool, the
M Sovereign " maintained her character for speed,
having made the passage in 13 days and 18 hours.
She had light weather across the Atlantic' With
as much wind as she could use, she could make
the run in ten days. - ' - ' . !
Lieut Maury.sailed for Liverpool on the 22d of
July, to meet at Brussels, in August, a Meteoro
logical conference of the naval powers of Europe,
to fix upon some uniform plan of observations, &c.
in connection with Maury's wind and current
charts.-; . ; ,; . -. . ;
The following Circular has just been issued by
B. F. Angel, Esq., American Consul at this port
The recommendations are important, and will no
doubt meet the hearty concurrence of Captains of
whale ships, as they will be the means of saving
life, and preventing the spread of disease among
the seamen who may touch' here "during' the
season: v "-"
United States Consulate,
Honolulu, Sept 21 , 1853.
. Sir: The undersigned, American Consu
this port, with the concurrence of the Commission
ers of Health, would respectfully urge the masters
of American vessels coming into the harbor cf
Honolulu the strict observance of the following
regulations;: ' ' "' : ' '
-1st On the arrival of your ship you are re
quested to have such of your crew as have not
had the Small Pox-or Varioloid, vaccinated for
June pox. . ... . ; .,-
: 2d. i ou are desired to retain your, men wno
are not Drotected a gainst, contagion, oh board
your vessel for at ' least eight days after your
arrival. ; ': " :' " '. l' '' ; "' '. 'u
. At your ' request, any resident physician"you
may namer will visit ' your: vessel and vaccinate
such of your crew as may be necessary, ct the
rate pf half a dollar tor. each perspm. where the
number amounts to ten. After the fifth day the
same physician will' again visit your, ship and re
vaccinate those whose pustules have not begun to
form. After the eighth' dayor when the physi
cians shall pronounce them protected from' conta
gion, your men may safely come oa shore ; and it
is believed that an observance of these regulations
will entirely .protect your crews from the Small
POX. '. .'.'.'... "
1 am happy to be able to inform you that there
is little of the disease remaining in Honolulu, and
no case among the white population. Nd case
exists among the shipping. 'Trie disease lias thus
far been almost exclusively confined to the natives,
and efficient measures have recently been adopted
to prevent its further ravages,' i ; ,
I am permitted to name and recommend the
following' physicians, ' either of whom will visit
your vessel if you desire it upon the terms above
indicated, viz: Doctors Hardy, Newcqmb, Ford
Lsthrop, f Hoffmann,' Hillebrand, ' Smyth . and
Scheli. ' .. . . . .
; With much respect, ... . .
7 -. I have the honor to be, fitc, " , ..v.:
' . ':':: ..' , : B. F. ANGEL,
i il .' ;j.steB1 Flowing -Mill.
A company has been formed in San Francisco
with a capital of $110,000, and .the foundation of
a large mill laid, capable of manufacturing 250
barrels per day to be 'increased to 500 in the
spring. ;!; Friedlander, Esq. is President of the
Society, - and Messrs. , ,E. D. lleatley and B.
Chceney," Directors. f, ' r ?; ,.,-. ,' . :
.;. .-" .vi- -;..-" . , . .,. ... . .... .!! ' : ,).! 'i
r .The number of passengers arrived at the port
of New York during the month of July was 25,
108. 1 Total from Jan. 1 st, to July 31st 163,01 0.
Qf Ahe passengers in July, 14,553 were from Great
Briuin; 6,851 from Germany ; 1,874 from France;
the balance-were from different countries.
Mechanics Benefit Union.
: The mechanics of Houolulu, and others, met at
. . - . . - ..."
tho Court House on the evening of Sept 6th., pur
suant to notice. ; "Win. H. Johnson was called to the
chair, and J. Mott Smith chosen Secretary. The
meeting was addressed by' several persons, setting
fonnme oenesis wnicn, wouia ro uum
tion of aHechanica' Union: : After ehoosing a com
mittee of eight to draft a constitution, the meeting
adjourned. ' - .. , y' -
The adjourned meeting was held . at the Court
House. Sept. ICt h. . .itotwuum teportea
dlourned. to meet asain Sept. 20th. fori
orFanlfing undeFthe constitution.
called to order By thVfonncrchavrrnannaid tie-con".
stitutlori produced for signers. ,ruieteen jmons
having signed, the Union proceeded to select. omcers
President, Wu. II. johssox. . .-,
- Vice M. It JUavET. .'. "
occreiary, J. iott smith., ( j
Treasurer, It; Wl Hoit. ." . ... .t
CC. H. LEWEas, ,'r , ,
Ex. Committee", C. Wixg,', " , , V, "
; " , ' , IB. T. Whits.
. A coranuUee of three was elected to. draw up
code of by-laws. 'The meeting was adfourned to
Friday evening, Sept.0 30th, for the the purpose of
receiving new members to tno union. - ,
! . J. MOTT SMTni Sec
Ships, Shipping, &cr .,
- Sept. 18th, arrived, coasting schooner Mamtoka
wai, from Hilo the-12th.' Sch. Sally, from Lahai
na. WrLHiLMDiE. from ' Kauai, : with cargo of fire
wood. . - . , , - , r .. . ','. . ',,
19th, Chilian brig PAQTHiTB DE. la Se&ksa, 54
days from Valparaiso, with assorted cargo to R. C;
Janion. In addition to cargo, she has 'also brought
for Mr. Janion, a variety of seeds and plants, geese,
patridges, &c ' .':.'-:-.:',' ' . -..u ;
The schooner Exelhtb, having completed her
repairs, sailed, on the 19h inst ' for Hawaii, to load
with hogs, oranges, &c, for San Francisco. On com
pleting her cargo, she will sail direct from that Is
land, and not return to this port. : I
The schooner Chance 'arrived on the ;21st',
from East Maui, with a full cargo of sugar and mo
lasses, from Dr. Wood's plantation. The-WitHEL.
mike sailed same day for Kauai, to return with. fire.
wooL . ..
The Steamers Oregox and Brother Jonathan
sailed from San Francisco on the 1st inst, the for
mer for Panama, and the latter for San Juan. They
both took mails, and an aggiegate of 1,200 passen
gers. They also took treasure to the amount of $2,-
416,799. .'.- ' . ,' . :.
During the six months ending June 30th, 9,047
flasks of quicksilver of 100 lbs. each, and valued at
$633,290 were shipped from San Francisco, the pro
duct of California mines.
-The bark Sofhroma, having completed her re
pairs, will be despatched for San Francisco soon, as
we understand. ;
The schooner Kclamanu, arrived on Thursday
morning from Kawaihae, with a cargo of koa lum
ber, limestone and potatoes. The latter are superior
ahd arc the finest we have ever seen brought to
Honolulu. We understand these potatoes were
raised in Kohalaby natives, and brought down on
mules to Kawaihae, some 15 miles.
Merchant Vessels to Arrive..
W c give below a list of the merchant vessels
now on the way to this port, with the date of sail
ing, and the number of days out. Longer passa
ges should be allowed to vessels arriving at this
season than in the spring, owing to the wintry
weather generally experienced off Cape Horn from
May to September.
Feb. 2. Brit, bark Mary Catherine, from
London, via New Zealand & Tahiti 233 days out
May 1. Am. ship Montauk, from N.Yn 145 '
. " 20,
bark Harmony, " N. L, 145 44 "
sh Judge Shaw, M Boston, 125 " M
" Nestorian, " N. Y., 117 i "
" Constance, ' Boston 100 u
M Corea, " N. L 99 " "
' Chilo, "Boston 95
bark Kremlin, "Boston, 78 ." "
sch. Restless, "N. L., 65 " "
Also may be added the brig "Zee," with a
cargo of merchandise from San Francisco, due
here about Oct 6.
For the PoljrnenUn.
An tl-Cant Corrected.
Mr. Editor": Although the discussion in the
papers about vaccination has become a complete
bore, truth craves permission to corrects statement
by Anti-Cant in the Argus of this week, in reference
to our worthy Marshal Mr Parite-i His as fallows :
" The riumher of "case's of small 'pox reported in the
same paper containing this testimony is 2885 of
which Mr. Parke says but 477 were vaccinated ; but
in another portion of this testimony, he states-, that I
1-8 of all taken sick had been vaccinated." !
Now, Mr.. Editor, by reference to report of Mr. j
Parke's remarks in your paper of July 30th, made
at the meeting in the stone church, it will be seen,
that he made no such statement as the above. What
that gentleman is reported to have said on the occa-
sion, and we see no reason to doubt its correctness,
was as follows ; Us (Mr. Parke") was asked if he
had been much among persons in town sick of small
pox. lie said he nad. lie was asked u those taken
with the disease had generally been vaccinated, and
by whom vaccinated,' (meaning persons in town.
He said, he found about 7-8 had been YaccinatecL
He then presented a paper giving the names of per
sons (visited by him in town), taken with the dis
ease, who had been vaccinated, and the names of the
persons by whom vaccinated, and the number cured.
We give only a summary. . . -..' . t -i .
"Whole number vaccinated, taken, 477 ; of these
were cured 209.. Cf the 477 vaccinated persons ta
ken sick,. -311 were vaccinated by different physicians
in tour ; of this number 140 had been cured. The
remaining 166 were vaccinated by different individu
als, not physicians ; of this number, 69 had recov
ered. - i : -i.-'- r i I : : . .
"From these data; Mr .Parke gave it oa his opinion
that no difference could be made between those Vac
cinated by others, as to the safety of vaccination."
Does the reader perceive any difference between
the two statements There is certainly an impor
tant difference between Mr. Parke's saying, that,
but 477 of 2886 cases of small pox (the number
reported that week for the whole Islands), were vac
cinated, and what he did say, that, of 477 persons
sick of small pox in Honolulu, 311 had been vaccin
ated by physicians, and 166 by different individuals
out of the profession ; of these 311, 140 were Cured;
and of the 166, 60 were cured. . There is some dif
ference, too, between the statement u that 1-8 of all
taken had been vaccinated,' and what Mr. P. did
actually state, " That he found about 7-8 had been
vaccinated," that is, of the sick visited by him. See
rohnttian of July 30th. ' ' v
' Did 'Anti-Cant really intend to do the fair thing
when he -penned the above statement ? Did he not
observe that the 2886 cases of small pox reported in
the Polynesian of -Julv 20th were from the whole
Islands, and that Mr. Parke, in his statement in the
stone church, had no reference to any, except the
sick who had come under his, own, observation in
"town?" About these only was he questioned; he
gave the results of his observation openly and fairly
from the paper of statistics he held in his hand, in
the presence of a large assembly, and of fire physi
cians, whose statements on the spot corroborated his
most fully, that the failure in the vaccination trot not
owing to the person who performed the operation.
" Having been present on the occasion, it appeared
to me that every clear ease was made out, much to
the credit af the parties interrogated, and to the rap
port of , j , TRUTIL
stitutipn. wuich. .was afcenteaana aiiea Dura aer
batttlarclRlir.sVtide.Hral adopted.. Ttis lneftint
For the TalyamiiA.
; - Union of Church and State. 7v ' ,
( Ma,fcDiTOR: m Union of Church and Cute.
What is it? Can you explain, and relieve : a
seeker after trnth? - fc-I . -.. ;
Does it mean a phprch incorporated by Jir with
the state, and supported, by- sute "endowments ?
Or does it mean, thejwrsohal participation and in
fluence of church officers and; members, or in
other words, of truly religious men, in the affairs
.State? Theas are the only-two sensesyi-
hich the phrase is ever used. , In the
this anion exists in most Euro-
neait States. In-the-hrttCT' sen9e: lt exisTs in the
United States and. the Sandwich Islaridsfsjo'd to
some; extent, in every other' Christian natfon.
This union, in the former sense, is 'greatly dis
liked by most prntert ants especially in the United
states and, the Sandwich islands, and ,071: none
more than by the truly pious of all denominations
In the latter sense, it. is disliked hy infidels and
the openly vicious aad unprincipled the "world
over. 1 should like, therefore, to know m which
of these senses it is used in the resolutions pub
lished id your last paper, that I may-know whether
iu unius wiui me resoiuuon in 11 aonorencc. a ne
writer has been accustomed to reginl true Chris
tianity as the best safe-guard of civil and religious
iiucilj. ju uiucr wurua, uiai ilue religion iiouj in
the rulers and the people , or a nation affords the
surest 'pledge of temporal peace and prosperity.
Or, in the words of the Wiseman, that "righteous
ness exalteth a' trhtibk' "-J., ( ... r , ; r , .
One word more. It'U 'perhaps known, that no
organized Protestant Mission now exists at the
Sandwich Islands. . Those, who cvpr cniwvweil
such a body, have, now become independent pas
tors, teachers, physicians, merchants, printers, &c.
Few, I suppose, in this community object to this
large and respectable class of persons taking s
share in the . political affairs of the Government
under; which they . live.-and under whieb: -' their
children were Ibornv-unless it be the liberal-mind
ed gentlemen whqassedtheMolutions referredf
waDove. , . r AN INQUIRER.
Remarks.! As there is not now,' nor ever has
been, a Munion'of Church .and. Stated, in. this
Kingdom in the sense first. mentioned; bj our cor
respondent, the inference seems unavoidable,
that it is the influence of religious men, in their
individual capacity, that, is meant by the term as
used in the resolution referred to. And it would
further appear, that to deprive men' of "certain
inalienable, rights' as specified in the " Constitu
tion of this Kingdom, because they chance to be
religious men would be the proscription of a class,
for opinion's sake, neither warranted bv that in
strument, nor by any policy considered enlight
ened at the present day. '
It is also further to be remarked, that if there
be a clearly defined, duty for religious men to
perform, in a representative government, it is that
of exercising their legal rights, in the choice of
representatives, who are to make the laws under
which they and their families are to live, and in
all other respects secured them by constitution
and law. If this is a " union of church and state,"
there is no countrv in the world where these are
more closely united than in the United States ; but
if it ia not, there is no country where the use ot
the- term is a greater misnomer, than in this king
For tbe Polynesian.
. - " And wbea he aaw bi ejre wa out,
With all bia might and rusin.
He jumped into a bramble buh,
And (Catched it ia again." Skaktsptart.
We are sorry that" Anti Cant," in the last
Argus was not equally successful, since bethought
fit to make the attempt. Perhaps it was because
be jumped into a different bush, thinking the
thorns of the first not adapted to his cure. How
ever, small pox in the newspapers is a decided
bore, and the ears of the public have been filled
with it, till we understand one of the physicians
anticipates lesion of the " posterior auditory arte
teiies," and a general bleeding to death in conse
quence. We have not, like "Anti Cant," taken
any "text to descant npon,n' " ab ovo usque ad
mala," and confess to be being puzzled by his
blind allusions to things we know nothin about.
We therefore congratulate him on remaining, that
"Felicissimus homo cui exit oculus," (as Trisma
gistus bath it,) and, so far as he is concerned, lay
aside the attitude of an INQUIRER.
For the Polynesian.
Mr. Editor : -The Mechanics' Benefit Union is an
association just starting in our community. As it8
name imports, its influence, and the good designed
by its organization is chiefly for that class of our res
idents, whose daily support. is gained by daily toiL
n other lands such associations as this are in great
repute, and their good effects too apparent to admit
of a doubt. There the mechanics not only combine
in Trade Unions, to cheapen the cost of the necessa
ries of life, tut to supply the wants of the mind, by
founding libraries, schools and public lectures. Nor
are these Unions unimportant in a social point of
Yiew, for they contribute greatly to giro dignity and
social weight to this class of the population. ; '.
e are glad, therefore, to see the Mechanics of
Honolulu waking up to the benefits of union, and
determined, as a class, to exert themselves in the
cause of social progress. There are some two or
three hundred of these persons on these iIands,
enough if they only fraternize heartily, and with a
sincere desire for social, improvement, to secure to
themselves all the advantages that accrue to Me
chanics' Unions in-more populous countries. The
man whose necessities force him to daily toil, ia un
der no necessity of being a drunkard, tor base minded,
nor ignorant, nor even at the base of the social lad
der. Indeed the idea has too Ion? nrevailed in trj
world that labor is deeradinz. until the artizan n,1
mechanic almost have believed, social degradation is
inseparable from his condition of daily labor. But
this idea is a relic of the feudal ages, which is giving
away rapidly before the social reforms of this present
day. Social degradation should only be the punish-i
merit of vice.' ' ' ' '
i Forwent of union many mechanics on these isl
ands seem to have lost sight .of .this great truth, and
to have plunged into dissipation and debauched
practices, as though there were no better thingasfor
wem. mere are netter things for the mechanics,
and we see them, through the influence of this union
i'ust started. ' . For the present its efforts will be con
ned to mutual relief in sickness. The rainy day
need ho longer be dreaded. It may be provided for,
and the sick or disabled mechanic need not depend
upon the uncertainties of. charity. With only this
feature, the Union ought to recommend itself strong
lv to every mechanic of these friend. Evert oae
should come forward and grre it 'his hearty support
and co-operation. Once securely past the" dangers
of infancy it will remain with us. an institution to
welcome to its advantages the mechanic who comes
to our shores seeking a livelihood,' while to those
already residents it may become a means of defence
against want, a source of mental enjoyments, and
an energetic auxiliary oi social improvement.
.Its next regular meeting will occur on Fridav eve
rung next, when we hope to see our mechanics one
and all, come forward and pledge themselves to its
' '; FOR VALPARAISO, f . l -r
TO VCniNG A T TAB I Tl j"'" V
' ; If sufficient lnducemeTit offer, -,'.; .-
,The fast sailine Chilian Briir " PA-
QAUETE DE LA SERENA," Larrag
shal, . Master, . will sail for the above
ports in a few davs. . . - '-"
For freight. pply to . ROBT. C. JANION.
Honolulu, Sept. 22, 18$3-tf-20 . - T. ...
Omcs or the Coxxissiotzss or Pubuc Eii f
efklt iveport. ine numoer ofn.
Small Pox which have been reported durine
deaths reported in the same tuner are So. i
k From the other islands the new cases rttwwtj I
2; deaths, 7. . ; ,- --. ; - . I
, Total number of cases reported 5376 ; total dwJ
Number of cases remaining in Honolulu th j!
lie that, from the reports received by them,the'
ease is rapidly diminishing throughout the
; Honolulu, Sept. 23d, istt 1O0C?nni.
.:TO XORT&fi HONOLULU,
Sept. 19 Am wb sh Wm. Tell, Tabor, 24 taom out, tm w
h . . 19 Am B$t Taaiabroo, XiK 14 mea, Aittk. Mr,'
1-1 19 Cbil. bhK Panraet do la SN&a. XaimaUl
. r . : . . ... 1 "hi
hUii MoetafcuSM.'TeWt SS
8epl. 13 Stbr. EiMlia, (Xtbottra, Kawaihu aat Som,!
Vessels in Port.
clipper atu'p Sboofina Star, waitiaj ear of H. '
hip Btn. Howard, Sanders. ' do," . ,
bip If ebaBic'a Owa, . " V - ' ' 4k .fl
" abip M ebaaic'a Owi,
i tark Sopbronia. . .- - - - .- '.f.:i
. ." wbalt abip Geo. Howlaad, Witbt. ; ,. .,.
. - Wm. Tell, Tabor. ' - . V
-.;. a Vamabroo, NeiL i - '.
" m m Moctexnma, Towac .i "
CbiL brirParqaeWita USmthm, Jasaba
" bark Maraala, ii eoaitint; UraJe. . - ,
Haw lorchi Premier. ' ' -
Haw Kha. Maria aad PaaabL-
PORT OF LAHAINA
.4,000 bone.Kodiack. .... .
Sept. lJAUM sh fepaFta;M'lM
18 Am wb bk 0car Dexter, 23 mca, 300 ap, UOOti
10,000 bone. 10O bbla. tbie aeaaoa Arctic
. WO, OUU WB UM KUDI, MIHCI
29 Am wb b Barataffa. Hardiaf, 9 mea, 1400 vb, hK
,-. none, aooimi, ti ikio. ' li' rr
. Memoranda. ; f
Br abip Wm. TelL Heard from, about tb.middlef i-J
master, (track oa a snnkea reef off Port Clarence, ia Bbtrisri
Siraiia, ana ni(H, bd an wna un mm www, vapi. run
of abio Helen Anruata, of Newport.? Cor ber into 8t L
rence'a Bay and condemned bee, Capt. Falaa took the 1m:
set nre to bar.
By Oscar, from Arctic, Anp. 15;-apoke '.
Aug. 10 Ship Roman, Tripp, 25 bhls. : ;: '
15 Sh Herald, Sktetun, 5 wbalea. I
. 15 Sh liaae Uicka, Skinner, 6 whales. - -18
Sh Draper, Coffin, clean.
13 Sh Marcus, Sherman. -.-'? 1 ;
Aug. 16 .h Magnolia, Cot, I30O wb.' ,. .
Sh Anadir. Swift, 5 w bales. . " ' '
- - ShJMarrha, Tonker, 1300 wb.
. Sh Chandler Price. Taber.iaoewh.
RotsI Hawaiian Tneatre.
"TTN conseqnence of the expense and trouble n
JUL getting up the two pieces as advertised in tbl
Argus oi eonesuaj iai, me no use wxu not ,
opened this evening. Due notice will be CTanVI
bills of the day. lt-20 . I
BAKERY AND CSCCEOT STO
' - BY S. FOX. '
Nuuanu street, between Chaplain and Hotel street'.
6m-20 IIo.TOLrix, IL L
THE STORE AND PREMISES now occupied
by GULICK & CLARK, on King street. Jar
particulars inquire at the store. ; - tf-20
"ATOTICE. The subscriber will continue th
INI AUCTION AND COMMISSION BUSLNESS
at the old stand of F. W. Thompson & Co., and res
pectfully solicits a share of patronage.
THUS. H. MARSHALL.
Honolulu, Sept. 23. 4 1-20 ...
nnO ARRIVE, and dailv expected.
JL Cases Monterey Ties, Patent Congrcw Boot.
do. Pump, Morocco Buskins; do.' Slippers. Gaiter
Boots, infants Shoes, also Calf and Goat Brogm
snd for sale by THOS. H. MARSHALL.
Honolulu, Sept. 23, lSo-3-tf-20 '? - -
BRANDT AND ALE AT ATJCTIOM
tmriLL BE SOLD at Public Auction on the 14th
VV- of October next, at 10 o'clock A. M.. at the f
auction room of A. P. Everett, 11 8-12 dor. Brandy,
17 3-12 doz. Ale, and 5 casks, for the benefit of whom
it may concern. : . W. C- PARKE,
.' Marshal of the JL L
Honolulu, Sept. 23, 18o3-3t-20
NOTICE. A meetinj of the Executive Commit
tee, of the U. F. Society will be held at the
"Strawberry Cottage" this evening, at 7 1-2 o'clock,
for the transaction of business of importance. j
.It - No. 102, Secretary, j
"ATOTICE. A special meeting of the P. & F.Chr
IN will be held this, Saturday evening, at 8 o'cl
at Hunchback Grove," as extremely important
business is on the carpet. A lunch provided gratis.
Byorderof : ' i - THE SCRIBE
Honolulu, Saturday; Sept. 24-lt-20 ' k '
- THOS. CLEGHORIty
; OtttfittiQg and Gcccr&f Stsrc, j
: IIUUAIITJ STH33IJT. tf .
"WJEW GOODS daily expected br the undersized
1M in the ship JUDGE SHAW.3 -
; , ' , ' Boots and Shoes.' " V: '
.' Mens superior kip brogans, red lined, oat jersers,
Cuba ties, laced top fine calf boots, kip boots, con
gress boots, do. do heeled, union ties, Monterey
shoes, cloth, opera shoes, sewed txogana, women'
buskins, Kossuth boots, enamelled J. L. shoes.
Daor Goods, kc. ; :
- Pieces fancr doeskins, checked dol stn'ned do,
ribbed do, pea blk and white caasimeres, brown, n&
white do, fancy do, pes blue, black and green wV
meretts, asst'd buttons, ass t'd colors linen and cot
tnreaas, elastic graces, palm. leaf hats
Also, per ship "CHILO," due about 1st Nov.
. ILVRDWASZ. . . . ...
Hunt's, Albany and Collin'a axes. i bandlo.
chisel;haadle, ameefh, jack, fore, and jointer piano,
western locks and knobs, padlocks, chmt lrvt adze
eye hammers, tinned im. table spoons, britanniat
ble.and tea spoons, window springs, Yankee shoe
orusnes, sens ivory nancuea table cutlery, kmve
and forks, carvers, steels, playing cards, covered
buckets, brit. pitchers, 1 gall., stone mofasaea ittg,
butter dishes, sad irons, steel shovHs, plantera feoe
9 l, hoe handles,1 wood screws, awf d nam, iws s
and copper tacxs; assorted sizes, pit saw files, taper ;
do,' flat bast'd do, half round do,- firmer chistb,
wrought and cast butts, asa'd sizes, bright aagm U
hand saws, beech handled knives, cocoa do do, pock
et knives, ivory rules, timber nails, boat do, eat d
assorted sizes, Bristol brick, cofiee isiEs, hemp J
twine, cotton do do, wood rasps.
" '.' ' -. Gbocxkiss '' l'.'. . ;
Casks hams, boxes codfish bbls. loaf sugar, bbl
crushed do, kits mackerel, kite tongues and sound
casks Carolina rice, soda, crackers, sugar do, water
do, butter do, small boxes aroxa'd tobacco, H I-!
lbs. each, half boxes 8 hand tobacco, boxes oure ou
boxes family soap, do pres.: oysters, clams, sahaeai
asa'd pie fruits, 1-2 gaUa., qts and pte pkkles, tree i
lemon syrup, pU tomato ketchup, boxes asa'd presj I
meats, consisting of roast beef, roast mutton, bou i
do, stewed veal, calves head and sausages.
1 '' 1 CioTHCto. ' ; I
Blue satt. pants, fancy caasimere do, blk. doestd
do, denim pants, fashionable cut, fine pleat hir ;
white shirts, col'd embr'd bosoms, fancy calico shir : j
red and blue flannel shirts, madder eol'd hdkfr. i)
.' " ':' -Hats awo Caw'".' r. ;. ' ' , !' '
Navy caps with covers, black magyar hats, ft .
Kossuth do, pearl magyar do, white felt dolegW
do. . ,' '-rV::'.-,. J
- ; . , Boots and Shoes.: "'. F
- Mens' goat brogans, sewed cloth congress gaRe
mens' enamelled pegged congress gaiters, woraf f
sewed morocco shoes, made expressly for the nttf I
trade. . . . . ALDRICJf & BISHOF. I
..Honolulu, Sept. 20, 1853-tf-20 ' .
weejk ivi wc uuim vouu ii , tuft