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is everywhere recognized as the right of on natioh
to put to deatn tne suojecis 01 mouih uauuu
which they are at peace if they are taken in open
warfare -within their borders, they could and would
bo punish their own subjects if caugnt making war on
the peaceable citizens, and as a matter of defence
they must have the right to do the same to foreign,
lawless invaders. The policy of the course is for
' them to decide upon. ' .
Now if such be the character of the act for those
" who engage in it, what is the duty of the press ? It
is plain that it should oppose and expose it. The
matter of duty is clear when it is notorious that a
: lare body of men are about embarking in an unjust
: nl unlawful expedition the press ought to apeak
oiit Tiromntlv to discourage it, nor snouia ue iesu
fnrvrTA because the wrong doers are our own coun
-. That should be a reason for opposing it.
for the unworthy acts of individuals reflect on the
nation to which they oelong.
' But we see little disposition to check the filnbus
. ters in the press of San Francisco : in fact, the re
cr.! ppninllv to be the case. Every move-
. ntent is chronicled and heralded forth as though it
- was all right and worthy ol suppoiu ny is vnis r
There can be no question of the naked nght of the
matter, and yet the press of the city generally hesi
tates to denounce it. Do they fear that it will be
unpopular? Tis a poor excuse, and it is a snort
" sighted policy that is governed by such considera
tions. - , , . ,
Support the right though the heavens fall, is the
wiser policy in the end, and this tacit acquiescence
in the wrong is not only unwise it is criminal When
the poor unfortunate fellows who have been led by
fair promises and false representations to embark in
this disastrous expedition shall come straggling back
they will then ask, why did not the press speak out
and expos the folly and rashness of the scheme ?
Then we epprehend that portion of the press which
did speak out at the period when it was not so pop
ular to speak against filibustering will be accredit
ed for its frankness and sincerity.
But leave out this question of popularity it a un
worthy of a thought is not the press of California
sufficiently elevated in tone to speak in defence of
the ri"ht and truth regardless of the immediate un
popularity which may attach to it? Let us know
howthe press 6ianas. n uiey itiu"-
terin". let us know their reasons; but if not, let them
' say so. Atia California.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 7, 1854.
The Steamer Akamai.
This fine little steamer has again had her capa
bilities tested, as a sea-boat, and comes out of the
trial with an increase of confidence iu her abilities.
She sailed from Hanaleion Saturday last, bound
for Honolulu, with considerable freight and a nam
ber of passengera. - A Ji opened out into the
channel, she experienced heavy .weather rrora tne
South, which increased as she proceeded, until it
became a rrale of great severity. Still she held on
her way, doing admirably, and making headway
until she had got half way across to Oahu, when
her rudder chains parted. T he tiller was imme
diately shipped, but the strain was so great tfcat
the rudder head soon split, which, for the timebe-
. ing, rendered it useless. It was soon, however,
. repaired." In the mean time a "brave fellow had
' irone overboard to mend the chain, which he suc-
b .. ,-. i -i
ceeded in doiBg, aitnougn n was as oars, as mm
night and a cloudy bkj couiu mane iu ai uie rna
of his life he performed the important task, which
had no sooner been accomplished than the tiller
broke, and the situation of the boat became preca
At this juncture it was deemed prudent to put
tack for Hanalei to repair damages, and the dan
gerous operation, of wearing ship in a heavy sea
waa safely performed without shipping a sea, or
Kiistaininfr anv damage. Her return to Hanalei
was accomplished in a few hours, where the dam
age was repaired, wood taken in, and she again
sailed on Sunday evening forthis port, where she
rrirpd fin Mondav. at 1 o'clock P. M. The wind
had hauled to the westward on Sunday evening
which facilitated her return to port.
We hope the proprietors of the Akamai vill not
3 . -rA lit Ti i 3 mil rrt inmm0nrontfnt ftf
their new enterprise. This is our winter weather
and although for three or four months in the year
we are subject to southerly gales, and may haye
three or four during that period, it must not be for
gotten that daring the other eight months the wea
ther ia usually very fine, and the trade winds uni
form, when sailing in this archipelago is not OBly
safe, bat delightful. :
. The Akamai broughther freight and passengers
safely to Honolula, and at the samp k"i
- Herself Biauncn and strong, and worthy the confi
dence reposed in her by those who know her best
We should exceedingly regret recommending to
the travelling community a boat that was really
unseaworthy; but having been assured and re-assured
of her safety, by one? who has been in her
ver since she left California, and whose opinion
is worth consideration, we feel safe in saying, on :
6uch ground, that the Akamai is a safe boat, and
her performances thus far, certainly justify this as
sertion. Passengers on board also concur in the
strongest expressions of confidence in her sea-worthiness.
The election of members to the next year's Le
gislature, takes place on the first Monday in Jan
uary. The Juddites have already nominated their
candidates for the city of Honolulu. The meeting
to nominate was held in a church, and the Dr.
himself was present. There will no doubt be a
very strong exertion made by the ex-Minister and
his friends, the missionaries, to elect their men,
and if they resort to the means which have hereto
fore been used by them, viz : electioneering from
the pulpit, they "stand some chance of success. It
is said by some, that Judd had thoughts of running
himself but probably came to the conclusion that
his popularity was at too low an ebb. '
- The above is a paragraph from a letter publish
ed in the Alta California of Dec. 16th, over the
signature of " Hawaii." To the assertion that the
missionaries have resorted to electioneering from
the pulpit, we object, as an injurious allegation,
entirely destitute of truth. That is our belief. We
-know not who the writer of that letter is, but think it
quite probable we have heard missionaries preach
' ten times, where he has once. Of this, however,
we are' quite certain; for more than 18 years we
have been conversant with the preaching of mis
sionaries; have heard almost every one who has
' . been on the inlands during that period, and never
in a single instance, have we heard an election
eering discourse, or any thing of the sort, from a
single pulpit " : r -; '. ' .-a ;
We deem this assertion due to truth, and we
call npon " Hawaii" to designate the man, the time
the occasion, when "missionaries," (American, we
mean,) have resorted to u electioneering from the
pulpit," to favor this candidate or that.
If we are mistaken in our belief on this subject
we shall stand corrected by an exposition cf the
fact. ' If we are not, our readers will perceive that
the injurious assertion should bo corrected. We
have Jong since learned that Honolulu rumor does
not establish the thing asserted as a fact
The protestant churches at the Sandwich Islands
belong . to the people. They were built by their
own labor and contributions ; and for public par
poses they think they have a right to use them, so
long as they are not prostituted to infamous pur
poses.. As we have said before, so say we again,
we should prefer to have political meetings held
in some other place, but large public buildings are
not abundant, and this, we presume, is the reason
why the people choose to hold them in their
own churches. n.;. ; :. .,
Since the above was written, the election has
been held, and the entire ticket nominated at the
meeting alluded to has been elected by over three
hundred majority. We were not aware, nor do
we think this community thought, the .people who
nominated that ticket were " Juddites," until in
formed of the fact by u Hawaii." If such, howev
er, is the case, the result would seem to prove that
a large majority of the voters of Honolulu belong
to that party.
, Result of the Election.
At the election on Monday last, Jan'y 2nd, 1854
a larger vote was cast than ever before in this dis
trict, notwithstanding the diminution of voters by
small pox. This result is accounted for by the
fact that much mors effort was made to get voters
to the polls than ever betore. Carnages, with
banners and drums were sent about, to bring in
tho who were too indifferent to come unsolicited,
and in this way a large number of votes were
cured. Much spirit characterised the canvass,
and with the exception of some wordy collisions, 1
every , thing passed off quietly and without dis
The polls were opened precisely at 8 o'clock,
and closed at five, as required by law; and we be-
liei-e the Board of Inspectors performed their ar
duous duties in a manner satisfactory to all parties
The counting was not completed till half past nine
in the evening, when the result was announced
' At the first election by ballot, in 1851, about
2000 votes were cast; 30 or 40 of which were by
foreign voters, in 1852, but 1,200 were cast. In
1853, on account of a prevailing epidemic, (fever,
but 983 votes were polled. The following is the
vote on Monday last :
For G. M. Robertson, - - 2.1GG elected.
C. C. Harris, - - - 1,250
J. W. E. Maikai, - - 1,256
P. Naone, - - - - 1,256
" R. G. Davis, - - - 920
u Wm.Sur li
" PaulManini, - - - - 915
For Road Supervisor, D. Lima, 2,168.
- Mr. Robertson has been a member of the House
every year since the (few organization and elec
tion of representatives by ballot ; and this is the
fourth time Mr. Lima has been elected road su
In the district of Koolauloa, Haia was elected
over several opposing candidates.
In Ewa and Waianae, Kimokeo Uma is elected.
For Koolaupoko, W. E. Pii.
For Lahaina, Kaumaia, 3 maj., aud Moku, 17
For Kaanupali, D. Kaauwai. For Wailukn, J.
Richardson. For Hamakaa, Z. Kaauwai. For
Molokai, Kamaipelekane and Lokotnaikai.
Diminution of the Population.
The official returns of Jas. W. Marsh, Esq., to His
Excellency, the Governor of Oahu, of births, deaths
and marriages for the year 1853, show the following
results, for the 1st District, in which Honolulu is sit
Marriages of natives,
do' of foreigners,
This district is comprised between Maunalua on the
east, and Moanalna on the west, a distance of some
14 miles, and containing a population, it is supposed,
of about 10,000 souls. The deaths from small pox,
incladcd in the above, are supposed to be about 2,800
the balance from other diseases.
In this same district during the year 1852, there
were .Births, - - 337
Deaths, - - 906
Marriages, - - .418
It is to be remarked that it was in this district that
the small pox first broke out, and was more fatal,
perhaps, than in any other portion of the Islands.
"We await the result of the census recently taken,
to lay before our readers the full statistics of the pop-
ulwtluu. Fiviu llic litiiite.il itlmg, tltc&t Laro becu
collated, wo infer that the population docs not exceed
70,000 souls on all the islands, a diminution of 10,
000 since the census in Jan. 1849.
The First Kona.
After a long blow from the X. E., the wind hauled
to the southward on Sunday morning last, and the
windows of heaven were fairly opened upon us. The
rain descended for most of the day in torrents, delu
ging the streets, raisrng the streams and compelling
almost every body to keep within doors. Toward
evening, however, the wind came out of the northwest,
and Monday morning opened with fair weather and a
bright sky. .
We have known the first Kona, or southerly storm,
to occur as early as November, in past years ; and De
cember scarcely ever passes without bringing with it
one or more. January 1, 1854. however, is the date
of our first winter storm from the southward, and we
infer from this, a fruitful summer, with glenty of rain
for successful agriculture during the year.
- - - .. . .
The Erricsson a failure.
A gentleman of this city has received V letter
from his brother in New York, in which he is in
formed that the owners of the ship Ericsson are
putting two oscillating engines into her, to be
propelled by $team, and not by heated air.
If this proves a fact, the inference is, that the
discovery announced with so much eclat has prov
ed a failure, or is impracticable in its application
to the propulsion of vessels at sea. Havin seen
no mention made in the papers for several months
of the progress made in remedying the discovered
defects in the Ericsson, we arethe more inclined
to credit the information communicated in the
letter Teceived here ; and althongh the new prin
ciple may, for a time, be abandoned, the ship built
to try the experiment will by.no means be lost, but
will come out a first rate steamer, as she undoubt
edly is one of the finest aud best built vessels of
toe present time. .Wehould regret the disap
pointment that would be occasioned by the failure
of Mr. bncsson new principle. . But try again,'
may yet succeed in rendering it practicable. :
Popalation of Kona District.
We are indebted to Mr. Marsh for the following
statistics of the population of this district, from the
official returns. .
Natives, - 1 " - . .
Foreigners, 1 .
In lSyO, the number was 14,484, showing a de
crease of 3,129 in three years.
Correspondence between Mr. Angell and Mr.
The correspondence given below bears, perhaps,
npon a principle not a9 yet settled by precedents
or act of Congress, and yet of sufficient importance
to be definitely recognized by the American gov
The spontaneous and generous aid rendered by
Capt. Goosman to the captain and crew of the
wrecked ship Citizen, is deserving of the highest
commendation, which it has everywhere received.
But something more than thanks are due, where
he supplied from his ship articles of clothing which
he has had to replace, for the success ot his opm
cruise and yoyage. For his attentions and care,
as well as provisions for a large number of men
for several mont is. Capt. Goosman asked no re
muneration ; but for clothing supplied them, which
he was obliged to replace here, he asked and re
ceived, very' justly, we think, compensation from
the American Consul at this port, and we have no
doubt the American government will ratify the
act of the Consul, and reimburse him the amount
paid. Justice as well as honor requires this and
more especially, as Capt. G., though not an
American, as promptly responded to the call made
npon his humanity, as though the persons in distress
hid been his own countrymen.
U. S. Consulate, Honolulu, Nov. 5th, 1853.
Ho.v. L. Severance, U. S. Commissioner, &c.
s,D , ThJi.u wimic inp citizen ot jNew
Bedford, under the command of Thos. H. Norton,
was driven on shore and wrecked on the Arctic
coast sometiqie in the month of September 1852.
The officers and crew, with the exception of five
mariners, succeeded in reaching the land and were
taken in charge by the natives, and supplied with
food, shelter and clothes for a period of ten months
when the survivors, consisting of thirty-one men,
were discovered and rescued by the Bremen whale
ship "Joseph Hadyn," under the command of
Capt Goosman, who generously furnished them
with clothes, until hp could distribute them among
the American whaleships in that ocean.
Fourteen of these shipwrecked men were retain
ed on board the Joseph Hadyn, and brought to this
Port last week. '
The master of this vessel, Capt. Goosman now
presents me with a bill of clothing furnished these
men, which, in the aggregate, amounts to the sum
of one hundred and sixty-tour dollars.
I have submitted the bill to Capt. Norton, and
to the men who had the clothing, and they acknowl
edge its correc.ness.
These seaman were quite destitute at the time
of their rescue, a"" ttu without any means
nf support, and on my hands. Before paying the
bill on the account ot the united states Oov
ernment, however, I have deemed it proper to sub
mit the matter to you for your opinion and advice.
In this same connection, may I ask you to call
the attention of our government, to the propriety
of sending to the natives of this desolate coast, who
have been so generous and hospitable to our ship
wrecked fellow countrymen, some token of ac
knowledgment, in the way of blankets or other
useful articles, that they may be encouraged to
similar acts of kindness, should the occasion for
its exercise again unfortunately occur.
1 have the honor to be
Your ob't servant,
B. F. ANGEL,
U. b. Consul.
U. S. Commission, Honolulu, Nov. 12, 1853.
Sir : Having had the honor of receiving yes
terday at your hands, your note of Nov. 5th in re
lation to the seamen of the whalcship Citizen of
New Bedford, wrecked in the Arctic Seas, and
rescued by the Bremen whaleship Joseph Hadyn,
upon which you had previously conferred with me
verbally, I do not hesitate to repeat, in writing,
what I Men expressed orally, that Capt. Goosman
ought to be paid liberally for rescuing, relieving,
and kindly treating these unfortunate men; and
the more liberally and promptly, that he is a for
eigner. To do otherwise, would be equally impol
itic and unjust, and derogatory to the American
character; and though there may be no law under
which you can pay him, 1 cannot for a moment
doubt that the department will approve your doing
so, and allow your account. As Capt. Goosman
had a full complement of men, and did not need
the services of the fourteen Americans, he' is cer
tainly very generous in feeding them for nearly
four months, and charging only for the clothing
I concur also in your suggestion that some re
turn should be made to the natives who so kindly
treated the shipwrecked men, in this, as in other
previous cases, ?uch hospitality, humble though
it be, should not go unrequited or unnoticed. And
it is the more gratifying in this respect, that while
it exhibits fine traits of character in the people
of these icy regions, it is presumptive proof
also, that the American, and other navigtora who
nave visited iliem, have not committed aggressions
upon thern, or treated them in an offensive man
ner. Very respectfully,
I have the honor to be etc. &c.
B. F. Angel, U. S. Consul at Honolulu.
Supreme Court. January Term.
The Court opened at 10 o'clock on Monday last,
but immediately adjourned over ta Thursday, both
on account of its being election day, and the absence
of Chief Justice Lee, who had not returned from
On Thursday the Court again adjourned over to
Monday next, in consequence of the continued ab
sence of the Chief Justice, who is still detained by
the southerly storm at Lahaina.
EF Messrs. Gilman & Smith, of Lahaina, have
furnished us with a Sydney paper of Nov. 4th, re
ceived by the Indianaola at that port, for which w
are greatly obliged. The single paper we have re
relved contains no Intelligence of special interest to
our readers. Business is represented as good, and
auction sales are "briskly maintained."
The Indianaola was from New York, and we no
tice that she took the principal part of her original
cargo to San Francisco, consisting of 300 half bbls.
meal, 341 kegs nails, 2,375 kegs and 267 cases lard,
26 cases hats, 12 cases revolvers, 12 kegs shot, 120
bbls.. whiskey. She took, to fill up, 50 tons coal for
CF" The King's Chief Justice, the Hon. Wm. L,
Lee, and lady, and the Minister of Public Instruc
tion returned from Lahaina yesterday in the steamer
U1UB "on- U Ureee. Commissioner of
n in. TT t
the U. S., and his family, also the ConsuL Mr. An
gel, and his family, were received by their Majesties
the King and Queen, at the Palace, yesterday, at U
o'clock A. M.
: Their Royal Highnesses the Crown Prince, and
the Princess TictoriiTall the King's Ministers, the
uaamoeriain ana several Chiefs were present.
VO" Mrs. Penhallow has sent us a beautiful
flnwpr fPnrsknk:. T: IV ,. ,
vi-uvi wis m. uiuaviu ) lor wnicn sne nas
our thank. It ia of Mexican origin, and is an ad
ditional evidence of the skill and success with
which she cultivates exotics.
. CoHEEcnox. For communicate to the command
of the King," in Mr. Wyllie's reply to Mr. Sever
ance, published in issue No. 34, of 31st Dec., read
" eomtmenieatt to you the- commands of the King." 'i-
. For the Polyei.
The Steamer's passage from Lahaina.
Mr. Editor : As there seems some little in
terest manifested in the community relative to
the late passage of the steamer u Akamai" from
Lahaina. I will give von a few notes of it, that
may be interesting to those who feel interested in
We left Lahaina on Thursday morning at 5
o'clock A. M.. there was quite a swell running
t the anchorasre. " but no wind, and we had
a fine run over to the Northern point of Lanai.
At 8 o'clock we opened out by that Island and
met a heavy sea running from the Southward. The
wind commenced rising, and increased as it ap
proached noon, about which time we passed the
west end of Molokai the wind blowing a gale, in
making the passage between Molokai and Oahu
we had to encounter the heaviest sea and rough
est time, that I have ever seen in the channel.
The boat however made very good weather of it,
much better than I had anticipated, lor althouti
we were running in the trough of the sea. She
did not ship a sea the whole passage, there was
occasionally a spray of a tophng sea came on
board, but nothing to incommode us, she is so
light that she rises to the sea and it passes under
It was about 5 P. M. when we passed Coco
head, and the most anxiety attending our passage
here commenced. The gale was at its height
and we found it would be impossible to make
Honolulu by day light, as it waa so very rough
and the boat so heavily loaded she could not be
pushed very hard. We found that the fuel was
getting short, and we began to fear that we should
be as the natives say upilikialoi," which was not at
II allayed by hearing the officers say she must
lane me a UaA -r ;
offdjrinn-thp nirrht. We passed Diamond Mil
about 7 o'clock and ran down the line of breakers
in hones of finding some land mark to run in by,
but a haze had settled over the land and we could
not see the shore. The long line of breakers, was
the only thing we could see save the angry waves
around U3. As the heavy squall of rain and wind
nnss.'d us. the cloud of mist li?hted up and we
caught a glimpse of the Punch Bowl hill, and the
dark mass of shipping, indistinctly seen mrougu
the darkness. At this time we felt the utmost anx
iety for the safety of the boat, as there were no
sio-ns of the passage: when, as we were all anx
iously looking for an opening through the roaring
surf, we saw a narrow space wnere mere aiu not
appear breakers, her head was immediately turned
towards it to attempt the passage, sink or swim.
There was scarce a word spoken as we swung in
to the heavy surf, when much to our relief we saw
right ahead of us, as the breakers swept over it,
the spar bcot. - The pent up feelings of those
gathered on the deck veDted itselt in a simultane
ous cheer of gratitude for our deliverance. From
the soar buov the boat was headed to the other
buovs. and we soon had the jrreat pleasure and re
lief of seeing the breakers behind us, and of being
in smooth water-
Too much praise cannot be awarded to the offi
cers of the boat during the scene ot trial and dan
cer. The ever cheerful and confident manner of
Capt. Ellis, confident in the ability of his boat to
live as Ion" as he could raise steam. J he indeiat
iablc exertions of Mr. Lighthall the Engineer to
whom continued oversight and activity at the en
gine we owed not a little, and to the coolness and
ability of Mr. George Beckly the pilot who brought
us so safely in, we also lelt under no small obliga
tions. To one and all we would award the high
est praise for the discharge of their dntyi in such
trvinj circumstances. The boat behaved nobly
and inspired all on board with confidence in her
powers as a good sea boat. Hoping it will sel
dom be her luck to have so heavy a gale to contend
with and that she will long live to brave the temp
est and the gale, and reap a rich harvest to her
owners, is tne wis n ot one 11 not ail 01 ner pas-
We again severt to the subject of Indigo, a3 an ar
ticle of commerce in extensive use, easy of transpor
tation, and of considerable intrinsic value. Our re
marks a few weeks ago, have called out a communi
cation from a corespondent on the eastern side of
Maui, where, he says, that part of the island is being
overrun with indigo, which grows large ami rapidly,
and is used very generally for wood. It bids fair to
starve out the cattle, as it has got such fair and ex
tensive hold, that it cannot cauily be destroyed.
As we before remarked, it would appear a reason
able deduction that where a plant grows so easily,
extensively and thriftily as does the indigo' all over
the ialands, its manufacture as an article of export
could not be otherwise than a profitable undertaking,
to one acquainted with the process. It cultivates
itself without the least expense ; in fact, it tcitt grow,
whether wanted or not. And such being the case,
we should suppose advantage might be taken of the
fact to make something out of it. Wet or dry sea
sons seem equally adapted to its growth ; nor are we
aware that it is subject to any blight, disease or oth
er disastrous influence, to disappoint the man who
depends upon it.
The following is the communication alluded to :
Mr. Epitor : I was glad to see vour article on
Indijro, and am inclined to think the directions for
its manufacture insufficient. I have therefore tho't
it might be of advantage to copy something more
specific, for those who cannot obtain a copy of the
work M Rural Economy," by Boussingault.
"The crop, when sowed, is in boles somewhat
more than 25 inches apart. The first cutting takes
place when the plant is coming into flower, from 50
to 60 days generally intervening between the sowing
and this cutting. The second cutting is performed
from 45 to 50 days after the first; and in this way,
several successive crops are obtained, until it is seen
that the plant begins to degenerate. In good soils,
the indigo will last for two years.
The indigo harvest is immediately transported to
tanks or large rectangular reservoirs, built of mason
ry, and disposed on different levels, the superior or
stepping tank being much larger than the two oth
ers. In the valley d'Aragua there are some which
are upwards of 20 feet long, by 15 feet wide, and 20
inches in depth.
The second, or mkhinr tank, t rrower and
deeper than the former. The third, or depositing
tank, receives the honor from the mashing tank, and
in it the indigo subsides. In some manufactories the
deposition takes place in the second.
The leaves are thrown into the steeper, covered
with water, and kept down bv planks loaded with
stones. Fermentation soon begins, and is allowed to
continue about 18 hours, and in the management of
this first operation lies much of the art of the indigo
maker. By continuing it too long, some poraon of
the coloring matter is destroyed ; by stopping it pre
maturely, a quantity of indigo is left on the leaves.
The fermentation judged to be sufficiently advanced,
the liquor is run off into the battery, and vigorously
stirred, until the grain is deposited.
The fluid is then either let into the subsider, or
left in the battery, and the deposition is complete at
the end of about 20 hours ; the supernatant fluid is
drawn off, and the indigo paste is scooped out and
placed npon cloths to drain. When sufficiently firm,
it is divided into lumps, and these are set in the
shade to dry.
In the valley d Aragua, it is estimated that with a
good soil and careful management, the yield will be
at the rate of about 112 lbs. per English acre.
In the above extract nothing is said of the use of
lime, farther on, the author, in detailing the pro
cess employed on the coast of Coromandel. mentions
lime, and savs, that " in the Indian method all is ac
complished without fermentation. This indigo is
little esteemed in commerce . it is heavv. of a pale
blue, without much of the coppery aspect, rough on
the broken surface, and presents here and there
wmte points and vegetable debris. k. w.
From the above it appears that the yield is over a
hundred pounds to the acre. From our latest price
current, indigo in Boston is quoted as follows:
Bengal, $1 20 to $1 40 per lb.; Madras, 80 to 95 cts;
Manilla, 45 to 95 ; Caraccas, $1 to $1 10; Guatema
la, 95 to $1 10. The duty into the United States is
10 per cent, ad valorem. . .
If a quality to compare with that produced in Ben
gal and the quantity specified fcbove as the product
of an acre, could be produced here, we regard the
experiment as well worth the trying ; and more es
pecially as it requires but three months from the
sowing of th seed to mature the crop and have the
product ready for exporting. Who knows but Ha
waiian indigo may yet find a place in the Boston and
other foreign prices current, among those enumera
ted above. Certainly no country is better adapted
to its growth. . ' " r
' For the Polynesian. ' ' "
Mr. Editor : It has become quite common upon
the sea, for passejigers to pass resolutions upon
the politeness and urbanity of the captain of the
ship in which they have sailed, always couched
in the most flattering language. I am glad
know that captains treat their passengers well, but
itis to be supposed that they would not
otherwise towards their passengers, and of course
thanks from such are not a criterion of the captain's
But could we see a vote of thanks coming from
the forecastle, we should be induced to believe
that the captain was always what he ought to be,
as well as in the cabin ; and Jack's word would be,
in our minds, when he praises his captain, a more
certain evidence of the skipper's politeness and
good behavior, than of those before whom he is
constrained to appear polite. As instances of this
kind are wanting on the M big waters." I give you
one on the "raging canawl," which may not have
Merited Compliment Cane Prese.xsation,
On Friday week, the crew and cook of the Ohio
canal boat rolyanthus presented their captain with
a cane. 1 he following is the correspondence :
Wa Lok, Oio Kanal,
Klevelax, April 1, 1853.
Hon. Cant. &mttii, t,sq., the nnuersigrned in
behalf of the Kru and Cuk of the bote Poll-anthus,
present you with a basswood Kain, raised npon the
Peninsula, that spot maid Klassic ground by being
the home of Jeemes Brown, Esq., author of the
M coiner's ade. notes by the weigh, Altered bills,
and other works of general issoo and circelashun
After being kut. the stick was taken to Tinkers'
Crick, and pealed, and then to Jonny Kairklok
where it was beautifully mounted, and a horse and
toeune karved on the top of it. ouch is the simpc
yet affectin history of the wepun which is present
ed to you as a relik of affeckshun which will foller
you wherever the ardoous duties of a saler s life
may kali you. for Cru and Kuk,
Bob x Jones.
Cleveland, April 4th, 1S53.
With a heart boiling over with burning emotions
I accept your beantiful cane. It deluges my soul
with a flood of darling recollections of the time
when working, livinr and loving together, in toe
inspired language of the Poet,
" We uliared each order' gladness,
And wept eucb other' tear.'
When transporting the " black diamonds" from
the howling wilderness and dark caverns of the in
terior of the metropolis f the Lakes, how, amid
the darkness and dangers which, at the " witching
hour of night, surround the canal navigation, have
I looked to you for support. How often have you,
Bob, without chart or compass to guide, steered
our gallant craft through the thickening gloom
which boded tempest and disaster, while I, and I
say it without vanity, stood at the bow, prepared
to "snub her." " And how, when within the walls
of the lock, whose grim stones frowned upon us
like the crumbling remains of some deserted ruin,
the relic of Roman or Grecian pride and jrandeur
how often at that fearful hour, when the ' rush
of many waters " was ponring through the gates,
threatening to whelm us, has our gentle yet lion
hearted cook, Polly, prepared for our solace and
refreshment, a pot full of the fragrant extract of
the berry of Rio, or a tumbler of Smith's extract
l'ardon niv emotion, for the " old time comes
o er me now," and torbids me to say more-than that
I am, whether in command or retirement,
iours, John Smith,
To Bob Jones, Committee, &x.
Mr. Editor. A writer in the New Era and
Argus over the above signature has gotten up
quite a little tempest m a tea-pot, because but
three columns were dCvotd m the census blanks
to denominations of reli-jion. and accuses Mr.
Armstrong of bigotry, in translating the word
Protestant, by lloole Pope.
Vituperator is evidently no bigot himself, at
least in his own estimation; but a man may be as
bigoted an infidel or atheist, as Catholic "or Pro
testant, and by the spirit of his vituperation, his
readers can readily judge in which category he
may be classed. .
In regard to the blanks, however, I am inform
ed that the columns for religion were inserted at
the suggestion of Ilia Excellency, Mr. Wyllie,
purely for statistical purposes, and as is customary
in all christian countries. And I cannot perceive
what real objections vituperator can urge to them
until some bad use has been made of thrm. But
he is evidently of the querulous sort, whose motive
is not so much to correct a mistake or remedy an
evil, as to vituperate. He, at least, can hoole to
being " shovelled up with Philistines," with satis
faction, doubtless, to both parties. HOOLE.
Church and State.
"The church and the state are essentially dis
tinct, They both receive their task from God, but
that task is different in each. The task of the
church is to lead men to God ; the task of the
state is to secure the earthly development of a 1
people in conformity with its peculiar character, j
There are certain bounds traced by the particular;
spirit of each nation within which the state should
confine itself ; while the church, whose limits are
co-extensive with the human race, has a universal
character which raises it above all national differ
ences. These two distinctive features should
be maintained. A state which aims at universal
ity loses trsclf ; a church whose mind and aim are
sectarian falls away. Nevertheless, the church
and the state, the two poles of social life, while
they are in many respects opposed to each other,
are far from excluding each other absolutely. The
church has need of that justice, order, and liberty,
which the state is bound to maintain ; but the
state has especial need of the church. If Jesus
can do without kings to establish his kingdom,
kings cannot do without Jesus, if they would have
their kingdoms prosper. Justice, which is the
fundamental principle of the state, is continually
fettered in its progress bj the internal power of
sin ; and as force can do nothing against this pow
er, the state requires the gospel in order to over
come 1L That country will always be the most
prosperous where the church is most evangelicaL"
DR. MUKLfi U AUB1U.N E.
Routes to the Pacific.
Three inter-oceanic routes the Nicaragua, Pana
ma and Mexican have already been opened on the
line between tne Atlantic btates and California ;
fourth by way of Tehuantepec, in the hands of
CoL SIoo, and the contract for constructing the road
has been closed with a leading house in England.
Capt. Lvy claims to have a grant to open a fifth,
across Mexico, about midway between the Tehuan
tepec and lUmsey's. The Darien Ship Canal Com
pany, composed of a number of heavy capitalists in
England, has been organized, and has despatched a
corps of engineers to locate a sixth, across the isth
mus of Darien. And now we perceive, in addition
to all these, that Mr. E. G. Squier, formerly Ameri
can charge to Central America, has obtained from
the Republic of Ilonduras a very favorable grant for
the construction of a route of communication, either
by water or railway, across its territories. Our
readers will find on the first page of to-day's issue a I
. uu ucaviipuou uiu utv route, nogcuici wuu iuc
decree of the Ilonduras Government, specifying the
privileges granted to Mr. Squier, and the conditions
which are to be fulfilled to make the grant available.
The distance between New York and San T".
j uu ivuu; is ow m u auoai uie tame m h
Tehuantepec, and is shorter br
than that bv Panama. The port on the 0
vru ."O A OC1BC tag (
of Fonscca. near the island of TiT. n,-
between is but one hundred and forty-seved
and recent surveys show that the road can be
in almost a straight line from sea to sea, over a eon?
try free from swamps and requiring little cuttin.
filling. "Until the completion of the" Great lv
Railroad supersedes all other means of intercotT
nication between the Atlantic and Pacific Stair1"
shall have a lively competition between semef,,
dozen routes.-;-S.. F. Herald. .
From our Correspondent.
c? rwn . s . -
rx a a nirKuii lr IM Pmat W
since our reman. in laet week's publication, r ,
bas ouly been continued as to the excellence of tht nerf
ee every night at our favorite Theatre, Uie Vanet.e, "
" Jir. ana -Mr. alter, il Is almost sapetiluni. ,
yet as we write, we cannot help revwting every
Uieir names. Mr. Waller, whether aa the Tacillut-Dei?
the injured and misanthropic husband, the anibithm", I,
lunate lovinj gardener's sub. the dashmr and i..
alter, or as "jhe Jlaniae Lover" wa ai uf.,. I
shall never ee equalled i -jmj
Of Mrs. Waller we fenr to trust ourselves to 4ek u
rnliht be considered byprrboliral ; but surely theluaa' JS!'
been moved to tears ty the i:d Ktraina nrin.,r .
caused bv a father's death . k. .1 .. ... ?".'" Cm
meed of praise lo one so full of truth aad lov. ""a
Mui.b u we thought of ilr. Waller ia her vocal
we were not a little surprised to find ber grapplut- w.th
racier of the nature of ilrs. llaller,tbe test ot all treat ""
abilities, and not only grappling w.tb it, but eonuuenail
difficulty and mastering each point, witb a power and'
which bowrd all beans and feelings to her wilL 1?'
whether as vcImi r hikm. it k 1 uBet.
0lK,n ber like ain ' " ""wt tu
Airs. I heater win upon t!ie audience every nitht-aarf 1.1
frUnV aU.eUtlOB "d U,l""e a,uaor nJ ed guide.
Sir. St. Maur. as director and arfnr - . 1 ,
ii-finn-.jr-.1 j.-feimtnam M anout to withdraw ,
juvui.v v, urui .in UCAlliA. II BO, Wl
always ladv-like. alivav attemiva
j . , . , . ,
11 so, we are very sorry, n-r 7.
tenuve and perfect, aad bu
rendering of every ebar.!ctw
1 bant worker. Every .iic,7
(v wihi- . -
tood wiahes .f alL .
B v. K,crj cuantctn b.
ahown bim a student and hr,i ...rL.r X
Sir. Piflf'a rsriin an4 m .il.ft n -r 1
... ... aurh ,
Mr. Kreslaw is Indelatigable ia producing new n,,- .
tiough great the tak and difficult toe study, m Mr.StM.
nr. j. tsingnain, .nr. c.iiton, Jlr. Lluyd and Mr. .Juver aT"
been most strenuous in their exertions. Jlr. Ilarrisue .
Teik, in the Swiss Cottage, was quite droll. lie tell V.2
be has much more drollery lor as when be shake ,ir th'il
and fever. By the way, we have IrequenUy witned,w
ooeretta. but Mrs. IV.Iler' rhirn.in. r7a
inrm, mm uinnit. 1 1 r k K ' "a ,lwit
in fact 11 was "an old friend with a uew face." Mr Taf.''
- auu we are sure ae Um U
notbmg better behind him. ia all that be has underttk
tragedy or farce, be shows us plainly that be knows hi
a hiit S
I.tTISlD FOB BCTV, tin aaoi.io jascaav &.
. 1 rudder, 1 horse, I mare, SO cases provisions, 44 C4uescloL
ing, B bbls. beef, 6U bbls, la buds, 13 c. butler, 1 case sauals '
Ibis pork, 4U eases claret, 1 waier boat and fixtures. am
olives, 4 do cauers. lid cbainDaene. 1 10
Urd, 50 pes canvass, 10 cases efc.ths, 50 bbls benin, fc.
twin. A I , . . .. . I I.-.- I. ... .
... .m, -r mu jw wun pwiuo, v case suat-n,
bbls salmon, 16J sides leaiber, t5 pekgs cordage, 4 cses u,
baodlrs, 4 do cigars, 1 trunk clocks, 113M" ft lumber,! cat
cutlery, 1 do pistols, a guns, 2 tins crackers. 3 pipes bread. 1
bag nuts, invoiced at i,715 3i i
IXTIltD is bozo. '
504 boxes, 190 cases u-a.
WITHDBiW roi rim.-r
P'08"0118. 3 copper. 3 kets nails, 1 cat baa
50 bbls po.k, 1 cask butter, 11 lo bread, 8 do Hour, 1 lopwL
i sm.ii, gnu. invoiced at -ii
also 27 bbU brandy, cases i keg do, cases absvnthe.
wiTHoaawj worn co.-ocurriox.
7 cases. 6 bbds. 3 or casks bran.lv. 9
- - " -."
Officb of the Commissioners op Prune; irTT
-"Weekxt litpoitT. The number of new cases of
Small Pox which have been reported during the past
week lor tne wland of Oahu are 5 : the numW nf
aeams reporiea in tne same time is 1.
irom the other ialands no renorts hare Iimh .
Total number of cases reported to this date, 6,2So
acaens M 2,43J
Honolulu, Jan. 6th, 1S54.
A fmi Oft mi I. : . .i r . . . n ! .
fcq., of the hr:ii of IL A. IV. Dickson, merchants, of Honolulu.
active and correct man of business, and was much respectrd
in tli is community. ,
ue umrcaueu was a native Ol Oiaseow. in Scotland, an
in uiis city, on the 2d int, Mast Alicc, infant djtghtersf
"'j "M- su o monuis. j
liy the E. I Frost, for San Francisco CaDta. IVm Smti iri
r . .. smuiui, Messrs. u. l. lnUorJ and Howes.
AI A U I IS E JOURNAL.
PORT OF HONOLULU. -Arrived.
Jan 5. flaw. Steamer Akamai, 14 hours fnt Libaina.
Dec 30, Am wh bk TVa-sbiogtoa, Edwards, cruise.
an v, -ia, wn en ttaiubler, l iliis, cruise.
e. ' Maxvn-o, Oevoll, "
' 5, schr E. L. Frost, Urmpstead, Su Ftancisco.
Vessels in Port. Dec. 30.
Am wb bk Delta, Week.
" sb Sarah, Swift, rial
bk-9 Bi.linl. ....
Am wh bk VTI heaton Corn-
Am wh sb Nile, Lake. fstockJ
sa iftanot, Brown.
" sh Hibernia, Jeffries.
n ncn .Morgan. I napel
o saran Mieat, Wall.
" bk .Neptune, Allen.
" 3. Amenta, Walker.
" ih.NP Tlui7dge,
" sit Urooklin.
"Mr anny, Aye.
M bk Chile. Anderson.
Bre wb sh Alex Barclay.lleiae
" sb Kepnblik, Austin.
Am wh sh M.im,,:
Am wh bk B Warrior, Dart'ettl
sn cagar, i-ierson.
" sb Levant, Cooper.
" sh Callan, Biker.
u sh Herald, Harlow.
4m merb Alfonso, Coffin.
M scb E L Frst. Uenip-
" St Akamai, Ellis.
sh Corea, Crocker.
" acb Restless, Knowles
M . I' g Prince deJoinviile,
" kg Boston, Tapley.
anoTlO coaming vessels.
sa Masuciiusett, Ben
M bk Delaware, r: oil net
so vanana, vvara.
" n B-sial, Phillips.
" bk Vircinia, eaburv.
bk A nteloue. Potter
" bk Ft Hows, cUemue4.
rU Kraganza, DevolL
" ai Rodmm. Allen.
Bre wh sb Hansa. Uusint.
Am wh tb Brighton, Weaver.
an Hellespont, Manwa-
Total 53 vessels ia port.
PORT OF LAHAINA.
Dec. 3!, Aai 3 masted schr Indianola, Cathcart, fro Sydney.
"ov 4, via Tahiti, 24 days.
Jam. 3, 3-masted schr Indianola. lor & F.
The Indianola reports mo vessels at Tahiti, and a ern nfmT
en the beach, waitini a conveyance. The Contest, front Us)
port, will probably take it to the U. States. She had nm .t
AT A MEETING, of the Passentera na board the Brig
' PRINCE 1B JOI.NV1LLE." Cant. Lawtoa. en ber
pnssase from Sa Francisco to Honolulu, held on the 2Gtb day
of December 1853, R. K Cbamberlay ne was called to the chair
anu r o. uoggtes appointed ?ecretary, when the followiag.
resolutions were unanimously adopted :
Rrroirtd, That we tender to Capt. Lawtoa and bia officers
oar sincere thanks for their kind deportment to as during lb
Krsairtd, That these resolutions be siened bv the Chairman
and Secretary, and by the passengers, ami that copy be fur
nished for publication in the papers In Honolulu.
K. K. CHAMBER LA V X E, Chairman.
E. S. RUGGLES. Secretary.
B. Mavnard. J. Armstrong. A. A. Phillire. B. M. Font. J.
Lewis, F. A. Somers, J. Bosch ken.
Notice to Masters of AT hale-ships or Mer
ANY CAPTAINS 6F VESSELS proceedinR
homeward, and wishing to call at Valparaiso
with a limited number of passengers, will confer
favor by applying to Capt. Thomas. Spencer, Ship
LE.-rOne highly finished
if "r VVl ltosewooa i ia.u luiilii, 01 cwt-
6 octaves, and in excellent condition, together '
a very handsome MUSIC STOOL to match. Par
ties wishing to purchase, will please enquire of Mr.
Everett, Auctioneer, or to the undersigned. '
5t-35 . k C. G. St. CLAIR -
VON HOLT 4c IIEl CK
EXPECT to arrive shortly the brig Dolphin,'' E
I Thlpl. Matter, frrtm ILmknrir. with farsrO f
English, French and German Goods, suitable fur thi
market, consisting in part of
Fancy and Dry Goods,
French Silks and Satins.
Fashionable Clothing, Hardware, Saddlery,
Furniture, Superior Pianofortes,
. Jrovisions ana Groceries,
Wines and Liquors,
Glass and Crockerr Ware,
Also 40,000 Bricks, large size, and
50,000 feet Pine Boards and Plan lt
Honolula, Dec. 31, 1853. tf-U