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T II E P O L T S E S I A If
A It C II
was vexatious, or, in the language of the Roman
Law, calumnious; and the costs were not given
against him aa part of the judgment, but could be
recovered only by a new action called an action of
calumny, corresponding to an action for a malicious
uit at common law.
" In the time of Ju?tinian, and perhaps at an ear
lier period, the action of calumny had fallen into
desuetude, and lie, as, a substitute, required the
oath of calumny."
The oath was required of both the plaintiff and
defendant, and was, in substance, the same as that
required of the plaintiff by this Court.
.The learned writer above quoted, says further :
"But these affidavits were not evidence in the
cause; they were required solely and professedly
as a chock to vexatious litigation ; but the oath of
calumny, though not evidence, was an essential part
of the proceedings in tlia cause. It was ordered by
-JuBtinian to be officially required by the judge, al
" though not insisted upon by the parties ; and if
omitted, it vitiated the whale proceedings. The
practice of requiring the oath of calumny appears
to be preserved generally in the civil law courts of
the continent of Europe. It is not, however, ob
served in France, and Dupin condemns it as con
ducing more to perjury than the prevention of liti
gation, which, he eiys, is more effectually checked
-by a liability for costs."
The article from which these extracts are made,
"will be found, at length, in Cvid'in's lT. S. Admi
ralty, . C2i, Xote a).
Whether or not in this country, where the plain
tiff is always liable for the costs if he fail to sus
tain hi3 action, it is necessary, for the more certain
prevention of vexatious litigation, to require him to
verify his petition by oath, is a question on which
there is likely to be a diversity of opinion; but,
however I might be inclined to answer that question
in its proper time and place, I feel convinced that
if we relax the construction which is contended for
by the counsel for the defendant, we will render
the statutory requirement wholly nugatory, and it
might as well be repealed. If it i3 a sufficient ver
ification for an attorney, or any other person than
the plaintiff in an action, to swear that the facts set
forth in the plaintiffs petition li arc true, as he veri
ly Micccs," without setting forth the reasons or
foundation of his belief, then we have in fact, de
spite the statute, no other guard against the opera
tions of the dishonest persons and speculating attor
neys, spoken of by one of the learned counsel, than
the plaintiff's liability for costs; and such parties
may embark is mercenary or malicious suits to their
hearts' content, if they are ready to risk in the ad
venture sufficient money to pay the costs. Such
doctrine is certainly at variance with the design of
the Legislature, for it appears to me clear, that
that body, in enacting the law now under discussion,
in the year 1348, intended to erect an additional
barrier against vexation's litigation; for at that
time, as now, the plaintiff incurre i the liability of
having to pay costs.
Chief Justice Lee said : I concur in tli3 opinion
read by my brother Robertson , for I conceive that
any construction of the statute more lax than that
give-, would render the law a mere nullity.
SUPKE.tE COURT. March special terra.
Chief Justice Lee and associate Justices Rohkrt
bov and Ii.
.: The King, vs. KaahTi, Polygamy. Found guil
. ty and sentenced to 2 years iiupris jmncnt at hard
labor and to pay a fine of $2.
"A. B. Bates for the Prosecution.
J, W. E.-MaikaiTer the Prisoner.
Ihe King z. hamrauma, rurgorv. Ihe pris
oner was charged with having frg"d an order, on
Mr. McFarlanc the proprietor of the Commercial
Hotel, tor two bottles ot liranuv, and having sign
ed thereto the name of one of the chiefs.
The Counsel for the prisoner quoted the 1st. sec
tion of the 31st chap, of the Penal Code, which de
fines Forgrry to he "the fraudulent making or al
terms: a writing, with the intent to deceive another
and prejudice him in 6ome right ;" and that even
admitting that the prisoner had made the order in
question, it was not forgerv, in as mm h as the sale
of spirituous liquors to natives of this kingdom,
is prohibited by law and therefore neither the par
ty whose name was affixed to the order, nor the
proprietor of the Commercial Hotel upon whom it
was drawn, could be thereby prejudiced in any le
The Counsel for the prosecution argued, that if
the intent to deceive another was proved that that
was sufficient, no matter whether any one was ac
t?irtly deceived thereby or not.
The Court remarked that this was the first time
the question had been raised and that they would
reserve the points made ly the prisoner's Counsel,
tnd charged the Jury that notwithstanding an ac
tion could not be maintained upon the order for the
Jttice of the brandy, yet that if the prisoner had
orgod It with the intent to deceive or prejudice any
Jirson in any right, he was guilty of Forgery.
be evidence on the part ef the prosecution to con
nect the prisoner with the making of the d cumcnt,
tu weak and the Jury found him net guilty.
A B. Bates Counsel for th Pros.
Messrs. Harris and Maikai for The Pris.
The King vs. Kapa, Forgery. The Prisoner
was found guilty and sentenced to 18 months im
prisonment at hard labor.
A. B. Bates Counsel f r Pros.
Messrs. Blair and Kaumaea Counsel for the Pros.
Tltc King vs. Kraonoholoa, Polygamy. Pris
oner was arraigned and plead guilty, and was sen
tenced to imprisonment at hard labor lor one year
and a fine of 2.
The Kingw. Yanziong (a Chinaman.) Burgla
ry. The prisoner was arraigned and plead guilty,
and was sentenced to LS months imprisonment at
The King vs. Maui, Touu ami Bilonia, Larce
ny in 3d. degree. The prisoners had been commit
ted for trial ly the Police Justice of Honolulu on
a charge of having stolen aUulloek of the value
of t froM the Rev. Mr. Emerson in the district
f WaialuA. The Counsel for the prisoners moved
that the prosecution ho dismissed on the ground
that the Supreme Court had not original jurisdic
tion in this case, the property alleged to have been
stolen, being ls than 100 in value, and that the
Police Justice ought to have tried the case and giv
It appears that the Police Justice was under the
imprc&bion that the prisoners, being residents of
Waialua and the offins.i having been committed
in that district, his jurisdiction over the case ex
tended only to an examination of the witnesses and
commitment for trial.
The Court considered the objection of the Pris
oner's Counsel as well taken, and remanded the
case to the Police Court for trial.
A. 15. Bates Counsel Tor tho Pros.
Messrs. VT. Humphries and Kaumaea f r the
C. P. Ward vs. Jos.yh Buoth, Slander. The
Jury in this oas3 found a verdict for the plaintiff.
J. I. Bl iir Esqr. for pitff.
A. V. Bates Ksqr. for deft.
M. Y. Mathews vs. Hawaiian Stcain Xaciga'ion
Company.- The plaintiff in this action was em
ployed by the Agent of the defendants in San Fran
cisco as Chief Engineer of the Steamer " West
Point," on the 29th day of Sept. 1-S54 for the term
of one year, for which service he was to receive at
the rate of $ 2000 per annum, in monthly payments.
He served the company in the above capacity up to
the 7th January 155, when he was dismissed lroui
their service, as he alleges, without just causu ; for
which he brought this action.
The Jury found a verdict for the plaintiff fur .3o0
being the amount of his salary as engineer from
the date of his dismissal up to the day of trial.
J. D. Blair Esq. for pit ft.
A. B. Bates. Esq. for deft.
Ktavpunix. Fred. Ogden, The plaintiffin this
action Bough, to recover damages from the defend
ant for criminal conversation with the plaintiff's
wife, Abigail Maheha. The Jury being unable to
agree, after an absence of four hours were dis
charged hy the Court.
J. W. Marsh an O. C. Har.is LW for the
J. D. Blair Esq. for deft.
A few other cases were disposal of, not of im
portance, and Court adjourned n Monday the 10th
SATURDAY, MARCH 24, 1855.
At a court held by the King on Wednesday the
21st at 11 A. 31., it pleased His Majesty to receive
the Commissioner of the United States, who pre
sented the officers of the U. S. Ship Decatur, whose
names follow :
Isaac T. Sterett, Commander. Edward Middle-
ton, A. J. Drake, A. K. Hughes, Thos. S. Phelps,
Lieutenants. J. T. Taylor, Ass't. Surgeon. G.
W. Morris, Passed Midshipman. Marshall C.
The Commissioner also presented Alfred Moses,
Esqr., of San Francisco.
At the same court at half past 11, A. M. it pleas
ed Ilia Majesty to receive her Britannic Majesty's
Consul General who presented the officers under
named, of II. B. M.'s ShipDibo.
Capt. Morshead. John II. Armer, A. Ryder,
Lieutenants. Henrv S. Dver, Paymaster. J. B.
Hammond, Master. Dr. Bernard, Surgeon. C.
Pringle, Midshipman. E. Boileau, Mate. A.
Boys, Passed Clerk. D. Ackcron, Midshipman.
Loyalty to His .Majesty.
It would be hard to find, either in existing gov
ernments, or in the history of those which have
existed hitherto, a solitary instance where the su
preme executive, whether Emperor, King or Presi
dent, has come to the throne or assumed the su
preme power by election, with a popularity equal
to His Majr?ty, Kamehamcha IV. Indeed, we have
yet to hear the first note of dissent, or the first mur
mur of dissatisfaction, from any of His Majesty's
Officially and legally named as His successor by
His late Majesty, that nomination was confirmed
with the full sanction of the chiefs in the House of
Nobles and publicly announced long before His late
Majesty's .death. When that event occurred, His
Majesty Kamehamcha IV was publicly proclaimed,
and the popular voice confirmed the action of the
House of Nobles. And not merely have the native
born subjects of His Majesty expressed their satis
faction and loyalty to him, since his accession to
the throne, but a large nunihor of foreign-born res
idents and subjects have spontaneously presented
to the King their congratulations and sentiments
of loyalty and affection from various parts of the
group. We have already published a letter or two
of this character, and we are happy to add lielow
another of the same nature, all which go to show
that his present Majesty is seated upon the throne
of his ancestors as well by the choice of His sub
jects, as by descent from the only line of Kings
that has ever reigned over this nation.
No attempt, we presume, will be made to contro
vert this fact at the islands, where its truth is pa
tent to everyone ; but for the information of the
friends of the Hawaiian nation abroad we can as
sure them that no King ever ascended a throne with
a more universal approval of His subjects, than His
Majesty, Kamehamcha IV.
We give the following as a specimen of others,
and asexpressing the sentiments, weare pcrsuad.tl,
of the foreign residents generally throughout the
To the King's Majesty: We, Yottr Majesty's
loyal and dutiful subjects of the district of Hawaii,
would respectfully oiler our hearty congratulations
to Your Majesty, on Your accession to the throne
of these Islands.
With assurances of our sincere sympathy, for the
loss which Your Majesty and this kingdom is now
griewng, in the death of our late Sovereign, we
would humbly beg to offer to Your own Majesty's
person, a continuation of that loyalty, and good
faith, which, we have ever felt, and expressed to
wards the Crown of these realms.
That Your Majesty may, during a long, prosper
ous, ana nanny reign continue to uweu in tne
hearts and affections of your people, is the sincere
prayer of your attached subjects of Waimea.
Geo Ken way, Yv in. i. Conway, Geo. llardcy,
Isaac Y. Davis, Anthony D. Allen, Rob. Charlton,
Edmund Bright, lho. 1. Cummins, John Thomas.
Thomas Sweet, John Davis, James Louzada, Issac
Ijuzada, Edw. Sparke, Geo. W. C-jfF.n, G. W.
Brewster, C. Carr, Geo. Risely, John Lapner, D.
Rodz. Vida, Wni. Whitmarsh, L. Lyons, Geo. K.
Lindsey, James Vowles, B. Pitman.
The large numlter of passengers by the Fran
ces Palmer on Monday last, about leaving for Cali
fornia, attracted an unusual concourse of friends,
ladies and gentlemen, to sec them off, and to
bid them a hearty God-speed. Among those who
came to the wharf for this purpose, we noticed His
Majesty, and the Ministers of Foroign Relations,
Finance and Put die Instruction, who all gave the
parting hand to Judge Lee with much emotion.
The same may be said, also, of a host of others, in
Honolulu, who could not see the departure of near
and dear friends, upon a long and uncertain voy
age without Concern. In fact, tho sailintr of the
F. P. called forth more of this friendly sympathy
and interest, than we remember to have seen on tho
dejiarture of any other vessel from our harbor ; al
though such scenes arc common enough in large
sea-ports, such as New York and San Francisco.
Ships, Shipping, Ac.
Tho lark Frances Palmer, Capt. Paty, sailed on
Monday evening last, the 10th inst. with freight
and about 40 passengers whoso names were j ublish
ed last week. She also took the U. S. and Euro-
Tho steamer Kai.ama sailed on Monday last
for Maui. Her next trip will be to Kauai, for the
various ports of which island she will sail on Mon
day next the 20th inst.
The non-arrival of the bark Faxxf Major,
which was to have sailed from San Francisco-on
the 21th of Feb., loads ns to tho Iwlief that she was
withdrawn from tho voyage to Honolulu for some
other destination. In such ease, the Schr. Vaquc
ro will ho tho next vessel duo ; she sailed hence,
Feb. 13th, and is now 39 days absent. She may
Ikj looked for daily, with the U. S. mail of Feb.
The whalcship Oakland of New Bedford ar
rived at this port yesterday, leaking badly. We
hear eho will be obliged to discharge and heave
down for repairs. She has 2,000 bbls. oil on board,
which is offered for sale.
Capt-White of the ship Win. Thompson, fortu
nately rescued and brought to Lahaina, 15Jnativcs,
who were Mown off in tho sloop Sarah, of Molokai,
in a late gale. They had great difficulty in keep
ing afloat until rescued, and the sloop soon sunk
and was lost, affr being taken in tow by th?. ship
Admiral Bruce at the II foci I yn Navy Yard.
On Tuesday afternoon Henry Win. Bruce, Ad
miral of tho White, Royal Navy, and Capt. Stew
art, of the Royal Marines, paid a visit to tho
Brooklyn Navy Yard. They called upon Commo
dore Boarman, at his office, and were invited to
examine the works ia the yard and the shipping at
the wharves. Accompanied by Dr. Hosack, of New
York, and others, the Commodore introduced the
distinguished visitors on lward the United States
receiving ship North Carolina, under tho command
of the venerable Captain Peck. Here the British
naval officers were received by a salute of thirteen
After an examination of tho old seventy four gun
ship, the visitors recrossed the Wallabout bay in
the government boat, and went on loard of the
frigate Sabiue, which is still on the stocks. They
next a isited the Naval Dry Dock, in which the rev
erse cutter Washington is repairing, and conclu
ded their friendlyvisit by accepting the hospitali
ty of Commodore Boarman at hi dwelling in the
yard. N. Y. Post.
gf" Admiral Bruce is appointed Commander-in-
chief of the British squadron in the Pacific, and
u-us nt Cullao when the Dido sailed, awaiting the
arrival of his flag-ship cround the Horn. The
combined English and French squadron is expected
at the islands .in April or May; and we understand
from rumor that another attack is to be made up
on Petropoloski, .Is soon as the pi ice can be safe
ly approached after tho breaking up of the ice
We also hear that the squadron will be increased
by the addition of a line-of-battle-ship, a steam
frigate and a smaller vessel or two on the part of
the English, with a similar addition to the French
division, the particulars of which we have not
heard stated. Honolulu is a convenient port at
which to rendezvous before going north, and we
have been informed that it has been appointed such
by the Commander-in-chief.
Completion of the Panama Railroad.
The waters of the Atlantic and Pacific have at
length lxen connected by a Railroad, and the iron
horse now wakes the echoes among the primeval
forests and rocky defiles of the Isthmus. After
years of labor, and in despite of innumerable ob
stacles, the Railroad from Panama to Aspinwall
has been completed, and the transit across, which
once consumed many weary days and nights, in
volving hardships and dangers without number, is
now made in a few hours. This is a great point
gained by the Panama lin of steamers, as it will
enable them to reduce their time between New
York and San Francisco to twenty-one days re
move all objections urged against this route, on the
score of the unhealthiness of the climate, as pas
sengers will pass so rapidly through that there will
not be time to contract disease. It will effectually
put a 6top to the impositions of the rascally natives;
the plundcrings and murders by the banditti that
infest the country, r.nd affrd a safe and easy con
veyance for ladies and children, who may be win
ing without protectors to join their friends here.
The splendid steamship Golden Age, Capt. Wat
kins, leaves on Friday, r.nd her passengers will be
the lirst from California to pass from ocean to ocean,
over the Railroad. The completion of this road is
a triumph of American genius and enterprise. It
must in time exert an important influence upon
the course of trade and the movements of popula
tion. There is not a doubt now, a lino of fine steam
ers will be established between England and Aus
tralia, by way of Panama ami Tahiti; and oer this
American road must pass all the gold-seekers that
swarm between the old settled countries and the
golden shores washed by the Pacific. S. F. Herald.
The above announcement was made up m v hat
was supposed to lJ tho design of the proprietors,
as published in our last issu i, and not from a
knowledge of the fact after it h 1 1 transpired. It
however in irks an era in the history of the world,
and exhibits a mst i:nprtiut advance in the
progress of wonderful events, by which the lUth
century will hi emphiiicilly distinguishel.
The project of uniting the Atlantic and lnif.e by
a ship canal has boon agitited fr the last century,
and many schemes s,'ton foot to accomplish it ; but
none have sueeeelod or in fact been really entered
upon, so far as to comm jnej operations. But now,
since the disen ery of gold in California, a railroad
has been projected, and in two or three years after
its actual commencement, we find it completed, and
the two oceans brought within a few hours travel
of each other ; while fin -3 steamships on cither side
await tho tido of travel as it surges to and fro, to
!ear it to the four quarters of the globe.
The iiilluence of the opening of the Pan una Rail
road upon commerce in the Pacific, must be impor
tant, in the highest degree. From that point, we
see not why lines will not be formed across tho Pa
cific in different directions, to China, Australia,
and into tho Indian Ocean. Trade and travel will
increase with the facilities for their accommoda
tion, and the Pacific will rival the Atlantic in the
activity of its commercial enterprises. The chan
ges in this respect effected during tho past five
years afford encouragement to the hope that pro
gress will mark the future, as it has the past ; and
the broad field of the Pacific affords "ample scope
and verge enough" to satisfy the most restless am
bition, which aspires to honorable pre-eminence in
the honest walks of life.
So Later JI6il.
'e again go to press without a mail later than
Jan. 20th from N. York. An arrival is hourly look
ed for, however, with news a fortnight later, which
can scarcely fail to be of great interest. Then shall
we know whether tho "Extra" of the New Orleans
Picayune of Jan. 2oth, was a hoax or a veritable
matter of fact; whether the Russian flig still
waves or "the royal standard of St. George is twin
ed with that of the tri-eolor of Franco on the barb
ed walls of Sevastopol."
Sup erne Court, April term.
The special term, in March, was designed so far
as jury trials were concerned, to supersede tho
April term of the above court. On the first Mon
day in April, however, the court will meet, as re
quired by statute, to hear motions, and arguments of
counsol, but not to try causes by jury.
Honk Auction, this evening.
A large collection of miscellaneous books will bo
sold at the Auction Room of Rice & Co. this even
ing, at a quarter past seven o'clock. Many of these
books, we are informed, are of recent importation
and all of a desirable character for the general read
er or scholar.
""Carolixk," whoso poetical stanzas we pub
lished a. few weeks ago, is invited to send us a few
more of the same sort. We should have the name,
however, to comply with our rules.
The Lantastv.r firv a Km tux- no. r
r -- - iv.-. AWbbVI Alum
the Crimea 6avs: "Tho Ijinensfer mmr r;i...
. . ' .v. &.,ulJwlvttloiUlC(
Iheir power is enormous when the ball strikes the
TWlillt :lt wtii.-li It i ti .l. t...i .1.. i
t .-- ......... ,v .... uimtu, uuk me gun rarciy
sends two balls to the same point, and as yet no
means have been found to prevent this deviation.
In an ordinarv gun this defect would not be so im
portant, but the
cd from a Lancaster gun renders it impossible to
iuuuifi3i u. ysiem ry winch only one ball in six
reaches the object at which it is discharged "
State of Affairs nt 3Ielbourne.
The Melbourne correspondent of the Sydney Em
pire, under date of December 20th writes as fol
The present commercial condition of this colony
is most extraordinary, and thero "Seems so much
paradox in it that one is puzzled how, reasonably,
to account lor tne remarkaiue cnange wnicn nas
taken tdaec. That depression, want of money,
and all their concomitants, should be experienced
in what is comparatively the richest and most pro
ductive community in the world is certainly, to say
. i , r- . - T 1 I 1
tne leasi oi ii, surprising. iuu uaio umu iuea
of the commercial depression which exists here,
and you have looked npon the state of trade and
of society as unnatural, but you have not realized
the extent of the present commercial crisis which
is paralysing the energies of Victoria. Even those
in business here have only a vague and uncertain
distrustful idea of those uround them, and hardly
conceive'thc extent to which rottenness pervades
the very heart of our commercial world. Those
best acquainted with it know best how wide spread
is the '.evil. Within the last few days I have
heard it repeatedly remarked, and that too in vcr
rv different circles, that one would be utterly as
tonished to hear tho names of those now trcjnbling
on the very verge of insolvency, names which have
long been regarded as species of Australian Roths
childs. The men who twelve months since osses-
sed, or at least had the credit of possessing, bund
reds of thousands of pounds' worth of property, do
not now possess tens. Hie wealth oi the old chums
which seemed fabulous is all moonshine. It all
lay in papers and documents now hardly worth
the value of the paper itself; or in landed property,
which having lieen transmuted by the great magi
cian into gold, has now, by the dissolving of the
charm, been restored to its original value, nay,
indeed, to less than its intrinsic value. Property
has now no prico at all. Houses worth 10,000
would hardly get buyers at 1,000; goods of every
description are daily forced into sale at prices
which would be ludicrously small, did not our let
ter feeling suggest the losh and misery which must
be suffered by some one in consequence. Very
few persons here are solvent, except those who
have had little connection with business transac
tions. Every description of property has Income
depreciated. Houses, land, merchandise, vessels,
&.C., have all shared in the general depreciation.
Tho other day I attended a salo of land within
threo miles of Brighton, where excellent agricultUr
ral lots were knocked down at 2 2s.. cr acre.
Twelve months ago, the cheapest land that could
be got in the neighborhood was 50 an acre. Rents
have tumbled down 50 and even To per cent., with a
prospect of still further depreciation. Hundreds
of- persons twelve months ago were getting a good
income by leasing houses which they had rented at
an advanced rate to others in business. Hundreds
in business are now suffering from this very tr.iflk
in leases, daily losing by transactions they thought
.would make their fortune. They are anxiously
looking for a change, for some lull in the storm
which is sweeping over them. They cannot stand
the present pressure long, and unless a change
come speedily they must sueeumb.
l.'ie commercial embarrassment oi the colony is
pretty well shown in the condition of the Press
Melbourne. Now, if newspapers had not Immmi
well supported by the puUie as it is well known i
they have been, the diiheulties which have overta-
ken them mi '!it be attributed to the e oimnoti rati.
f the failure of journals. Iut probably no com
munity in the world is so remarkable lir intelli
gence and for newspaper reading as that of Victoria.
Isiyit advis"dly, that the Prcus has liecn well
supported by the public, both in respvet mf eireu
litioiiand advertisments. Xewspapx establish
ments suffix at present, not so much in eons 'rpienee
Of the diminution of public support, as from pecu
niary embarrassments caused by the extraordinary
commercial changes which have taken pi. ice. Ev
erything has been a 1 aptd to a scale of in inaeinent
and outlay consistent witii tlie magnitinent ideas'
of IS-V1. Slow to admit the truth, proprietors have!
gone on in eredulnns h-.dief that the gM shower!
was never to cease, and now find themselves cin
: lled bv stern necs.-itv to adapt their tstablish-
j merits t j th
! 1 iz sine?.
alt-red ti lies. The Aru?. which not
in boastful challenge, mena.ed Hug
r xouioi'ici, is .-- ........... . i
"I'l 1... - -T i:.K- t'lMl'T'VT , ..I.L.Kll..
e.viii i i.y, ana i omiii i.,t reiij. u i.ui:. .u u..u
culty in t'n reduction of e-niposit-.rs wages fr an
O . r. 1 1 ..1. . .. l I 'II., If ..,1.1 n .i PL.
ii i i' . : r- i: i it:
.... i-J,I.eii.i.,JSiu x., ,-......
in uis competition vit;i its contemporary, i.nos it
tins i ot tn:m
sell sfrug''! in ' lor mere existence
duced intj the world with saeh a ilm
pets, aii'l conflicted during its brief existence with :
.1 ...t.i ,1 ..! :i:... .... : i. . :....: ... r . . . '
iia im-ii a iiiii, e. iii iii i.n- lei iiiini roil oi t.iit;
week, hecauso nionev cannot te loiin-l toTarrv it
nn Ssiiidi lartioiv.riiliM.t-i nl" thn n:vsvi i.ii" ir I
lishmeuts of Melbourne.
Thc Argus of this date, has a list of the fnsol-l '
veneies which have oeearred from the commune
Itieilt of t!ie preS'-nt veal. t till! lth of XoVCIIlV-r pe;iia, Suit Itln'imi. Ilieaseef Kii!ms. I.. of Aj p nte, iis-
last. This is a frightful ilititr.iti..n of the rotten-1 fr"' "!" ;f J!",'r; -,! e al"'
.... . , . ....... ,, l.nnldi rs, Lil.:!a;o, Jeoi'l ce a::iM .itivi iii.-ss.
ness of t'.e commercial syst,m ol ic.on Ihe, " TI!E I:E,X ,,rMALn MF.rrriNF. KNOtVX.
t ital number during that pen id is loo. In Oct - Tlie pee.,li:,r m.-.l .dies t.. hi. h f. maVs are .nhjert. com
ber, t'lere were J) ins ilvi-llries, and there Would j inonlv inluce creaf h .ill! e.xlmn-tion. ac:-i.iiiiaiiied hv a de-
be the same number for November. Fit the wh,.h ! V?'1. ""' "f,t c,l,,""" "f i" '"1- A" !l'e "sien. de-
, .. . , ,, rimes in strength, there is .1 loss of nervous Hover, an I this
e;ir, it IS JirooaMe t.tat toe Dumber would amount I very n.vnr:i!ly ;n...a r. theenrrcrof 'he mind sn.l di.f. rhs the
to The total amount of liabilities in the lisf eiinaiiiinity ot tlie temper. Kverv candid ....an vh has suf
Of the 1 00 is nS';3:5 17s. 10,1. ; an.l the official
assignee states that at f ast 2') per cent, should be
added to the debts, on account of claims not a?ccr-
tained. it is unnecessary to dwell upon the pal
pable truth whirli this discloses. In a future cum
munication, I shall endeavour to trace the causes,
or, speaking mure properly, t sti'st some of the
causes of the present commercial degression in Vic
toria. 1)1 CI).
At I.ill'ie, K.iuai, on t!ic tlth inst., nf consiimption, Dr. Wr
lie, Irmn California, f. rmerly front Indiana, h here we un
derst.ind lie has a family residing.
In Honolulu, on the 21st inst.. .Mr. Robert Ratker, an old resi
lient at the islamts, aged anont -J.i years.
MAR I NE JOURNAL.
PORT OF HONOLULU.
March 13 Bark Columbia, Hunter, llumbolt buy, Tia flilo,
Am. Ii. rIi. Janus, Winslow, 7 mo.., 25 bis. up.
Fr. wh. h. Klizabeth. Morel, IS m, eo up, 4' 0 w.
9 Am ffb. sli Alfred Tyler, L'liadwirk, Is m, J0 w.
1 Bk. Harvest, liddell, 13 m, from cruise.
Fr. nil. Pallas, Cotippcy, 6 m, rlc.Vn; last from Keal
Am. nil. Florida, Williams, 5 m, 90 sp.
22 " ien. 1'ike, Tew, Ui m, tiO nb.
March 20 Janus, Winslow, cruise.
21 -Harvest, Kiddell, do.
Florida, Williams, do.
J ;en. J'ike, Tew, do.
, Lark, Kibbling, do.
PORT OF LA 1 1 A I SA.
March 11 Minerva, Tease, X. B., IS in, 220 sp, 700 w, 10,000
Is.nc, 8.1 his. ni, sexson ; 'Jl .Is. fin, .Marijuesas
passeneers Lsmij Jenuis, wife and two children.
17 Rebecca Sminia, Uavat, X. II., 15 in, tiOO w, ),5(W
bone: no oil season.
L. Htrbuck, Jerniftnii, X. B., 17 m, 375 sp, 1100 w,
" 1300 bone, 2M sp, reason.
. Washington, Holly, x. B.r 13 ni 05 p, JlUOwh,
I3,0uu b, no oil, season.
Wm. Thompson, White, X. B., 16 m. 50 p, 750 w,
l,CiW b ; no oil, season.
- Harvest, Riddell, Nantucket, 19 ni, 100 sp, SOCw,
I OOii bone ; n oil, season.
11 Florida, Williams, Fair Haven, 5 in, 90 up, 25 days
, fm. Tahiti.
20 American, Jernignn, ndsartown. 17 m, 640 w, 5900
bone, 25 ds. fin. Tahiti,
al Christopher Mnchell. fclcum, X. B., 20 m, 100 up,
1600 r, 15,000 b, KM w. seaon.
Xouof Phoenix, Tobey, 19 m, 2tX) ap, 700 w, 12,000
b, 40 sp, eeanon.
2Q Petrel, Tucker, X. B. 19 di, 150 ip, 1000 w, 16,000
; t .. bone, 100 p, neasoo.
March 19 Ship I,a Tour du I'in, Ruallnn, cruise.
Reindeer, Cm nwell, Uchotsk.
Oregon, Klldri.lpe, Honolulu and cruiae.
Harvest, Riddell, do.
20 Rebecca Sim-, do.
Florida, Williams, do.
21 Saratoga, Harding, do.
92 Krie, Jeruigan, do.
- PORT OF HILO.
Feb. 22 Liverpool, Birker, X. B.. 13 m, cletn.
Jlarcli 7 Chaudler Price, Curn, X. H., 6 m, clean.
10 Mary, .Merchunt, Edearton, 33 m, 950 w,
Robert Morriaon, Pease, X. B., 7 n, 120 p.
14 Eliza Ad iiim, Hawes, V. H., 4 1-2 m, clen.
- 1 Java, Wood, F. H., II m, 60 p, 340 w. .
PORT OF KEALAKEAKUA.
Marcli 10 Fr. ship Pallas, Couppey, 6 nios., clean.
On TUESDAY next, March 27, at 10 o'clock, A.
M., will be sold at the Auc tion Room of the under
signed, a vaiiety of Merchandise, consisting of DRY
GOODS, CROCF.RIES, FURNITURE, Bags of
OATS and BARLEY, together with a variety of
other articles. 4G-lt H- SEA, Auct'r.
Iff. C. Iff ON'SAltn ATf Auctioneer.
This day, SATURDAY, March 24.
At Noon, at his Auction Room, a small assort
ment of CHOICE GRAPE VINES, not hitherto
introluced into these Islands, ccmprining the cele
brated Black Hamburg, and other new sorts, im
ported from Australia, and warranted genuine.
Honolulu, Feb. 16, 18-55. 41-Ct
M. C. MOXSARRAT will sell by Auction,
On W EDN ESI) AY next, 2Sth inst., at 10 o'clock
A. M., at the Store of C. BREWER 2d, in Fort
street, a general assortment of Merchandise, DRY
fiOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE; CROCK
ERY, and Bags of Sr. DOMINGO COFFEE.
REGULAR DISPATCH LINE FOR SAN
THE celebrated Clipper Yacht, "LADY
JAXE," Jas. Godbee, Esi., Commander,
will be dispatched for the above port on Tuesday,
27thjinst. For freight or passage, applv to
40-It K. COADY!i CO.
TOTICE. It is the intention of the undersigned
to leave the Islands. All persons indebted
will confer a favor by settling their accounts imme
diately. Several watches left for repairing are yet on hand ;
the owners are requested to call for them before the
first of AcriL 4G-2t WM. II. MACK.
x ' - i 7.
BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY.
The Kr Ramrriy crcr known (a Man
T?OIt rot'CIIS. Cilli. .Astlim , Oonp, nrnc:iitis Infl'u n-
X 7.a, i!le dine f Hie Luns, Difficult HivKthin;, Ijvr At
fprlioD!!. Pain or Weaktie-" ("I tut l!rest orN'lo, Hit stafpn
of Consiimptioo. Ate, let., &c. In hnrt, tin liil-.im i-t pecu
liarly dni(ed to evpry ili-ease of the I.nns- and Livrr.
Willi I'lirrry hn Ions Urea known to ps.e important med
iral nmiMTtir. Jim tart is taniiliac l rv matron in our
land, and Plivicimi- .flen -refr.rine it in dirT;r nt form, f r a
vaiet of rompla nt-i. Tar. al-o. lias licen r,iiallv nt tcl for
it virtue ; and some physicians, whose nniHP are familiar to
i lie w hole roiinfrv. have sone m tar a. to declare that even
0"i.fmntinn rould he rured hy that alone. In other Imnds
asain, it ' nearly valiielnw. i w ins, no doul t. to their isno-
rance in rrciiannj and administering it a ilitficiltv row en
tirely ohviated hy pntient a-id Ions eijieritnent thus remlerine
in I PVer disevrr i for
the whole rni!ijKifid tne most certain anu th;csenus renieuv
MPTION or THE I.r.f;S.
ifj- Brirarr of Fmm- 1 1:1 la tiont I ! C!
A there arerjnite a nuniWriif t'oi irurtiT a tir!- bear m
,he name of U .star'-. IS ii-an. oru il.l herry. nurn..rtiiw to he
it v.f " I' mi i np rinif I )r, n.a. iv t hnrnf, r in m 1 1 n rjj,ari-
ior the protection i f nrselve an! f r the pi;Mic iriwd, t.. f'r-
ti ail person's who purchase the It.ilsnm of iid fherrv. to
look well ar the Siirx:itmre hef re hn ins. The ' tJeimiiie Wis
tar s li.il-.nii ot ild Nerrv'" has a tar mmilr of the denature
of llenrv W'istar. M. !.. Philadelphia, and Sant'ord tc Park, on
a finely executed nfecl engraved n rapp. r. Therefore he ran
tioiis. as none ran be genuine w itliout the hi;raturr of " San
for I fc Park."
ftf- Sold hy PAR v it. WHIT", Fan Franc ie., f.,lif.niia
Proprietors and M.inafucturers to w liom all orders nm-t le
A i for sale by Pr. fiF.O. A. LATIMJOP. Wholesale and
Retail Acent lor S:ind ich Isl in. Is at llonoi'ihi Drill Store,
Queen t eei, near the market. 4fi ijin
! pK.f;rVSOTT.S IMPROI F.D EXT2.lt TOF
- irco;v Dock and Sarsaparilla
NOW ri'T I P in the
laftfesl sif 'l Hi I'Il s. i:l is r.c
1 In wle'lued 1
to he the Lest SA USA i Ail I f.l.A lu.elc. as i-
j rrtiriu.t hy it-
osukkfi l (Viei it li ii pi rtorme't. the on
whic'iare in the n-wsessjon i f the I'r .prii-t.ir.
t irinal copies . f
, lii ' eliiSer,
i his is the ot,!v TI'.I'K and I :! f il. A I. rrt.clr.
! 'i'iie ie(in iin, In n n-ril c or. liii." ! directiens, i f cirr
I il.'iout I lil. Se of:il:i or Kiuj's Kvil, 'arcer-', Tnnmrs, tn:n-
us of the Skin, Krynpelns, t l:nf ic Sore r es. Kii:tw-rei or
'ters. Scald ll- a I. I!!n i:m tim. Pjiih in t' e It. n s ..r J hfiT-..
i i.l.i nri. and I "Irer. S a elii" of thet.liniN. Svi.liilis. llvs-
lereu lroui leim.le ronipiaints, wm unitiit tnis ta he the i.-ourn
fnl truth. Now, to cl 'ain relief, it is ml uecessan t.i ioi
llie leu enry n repletion nn ienuiiy. i nis is none tiy te
tH'Wiii" that fountain of health and strenstli, the BI.OOD, aud
- 1 complete as ir i;::s.tt s imprwv,
- ! :1"1 farsapiiriiia." " .
no medicine accompIi-l-.es tins desirable result spee iily and
d Kxtr.ittid t iU Purl.
For sale by irr GK A. 1. ATHROP, Wlioiesale and Retail
As. nt. at Honolulu Urns Slore, Qiuen St., ne.u fie .Market.
PARK &. WHITI- Agents, San Fiancisco. 4i-i'in
THE OI.IJ UOSTO REMEDV.
ltKDDIXG S RUSSIA SALVE.
IS a Russian preparation of rreat etfiracy and power, the
recipe of w hich was brought to this country by a Russian
soldier. I his good t Hutment is one of the best and sorest
remedies for Burn.-. Scirfs, imm. Ftr.k HouhiLj, Old Stirrs,
fics, Lhfipprri riNjs, Lhublaim, t rKt-btttm part. of iJie cotir.
Coras, and Sores of every kind. For more than 30 years this
Salve has been sold in Boston, and it ii well known to be an
EXCELLENT FAMILY REMEDY!
It is very prompt in action, rfwrruy pain at owe, reduces the
most ansrry looking Swellings anil Inflammations, giving im-
mrtiiare rrurr, anu proiiuring in a snon tune a complete cure.
For sale by Dr. UKO. A. I.ATIIROP, Wholesale and Retail
Agent at Honolulu Drug Store, (Ineen street, near the Market.
4o-6m rAKK VMIITIi, Agents, San Francisco.
OT1CE. AV'hcreas, the undersigned have been
duly appointed Executors of the last "Will and
Testament of His late Majesty, Kamehameha III.
Notice is hereby given to all persons having claims
against his estate, to present the same to AVilliam
ebster, Esquire, at his office in onolulu, on or
before the first day of April next.
IO AXE It. i
WILLLVM L. LEE.
Honolulu, January 27, 18,5.3. 39-2m
T'OTICE.' The undersigned having been duly
L appointed Executors of His late Majesty, Ka
memhameha III, hereby give notice a ail persons
indebted to his late Majesty's Estate, to make imme
diate payment to William Webster, Esquire-, who
has been duly authorized to act for the undersigned
in the settlement of all claims due td the said Estate.
WILLIAM L. LEE.
Honolulu, January 27, 1855. 3S)-2m -
WHITE Knob Locks, with plated mountings;
Mineral do do Japanned do;
Him Xiirht Latches. Turn Buckles for French win
dows, Spring, Chain and Barrel Bolts, Table Hinges,
Micung ioor iMieaves and Kail. Urass llm;
Received per Frahcci Palmer, and for sale by
,44-tf . X. LuVDD
AUGERS, Center Beads, Jointer and Fore Flane,
Plane and Saw Handles, Dadoes, Try &ruares,
OU Cans, Brass bound Rule. Ivory do., Saw Sets,
Files, ada eye Hammers, Hammer and Hatchet Han
dles, Brass and Finishinj Xails. Ileceivedper Fran
ces Palmer, and for.saie by 44tf W. X". LADD.
SILVER "Plated Candlesticks, with SnufTcrs and
Extinguishers, Brass Chamber do., silver plated
Tea and Table Spoons and Forks, Ivory Table Knives,
Curtain Bands and Pin3, Railroad Mouse Trap.
Received per Frances Palinei1, arid for sale br
44-tf . W X. LADD.
riMIE OiLiEHiGNED has recetved r??he c
rad" and Leonidas," fiom LivcrpoV.l, a .0l1
nf articles suitable for the Foreian wmi.,i'. .
&c., &c, which he is induced to ofFer to hig v
unit f .v.o, v i. au y CJtlilrii.
suit. Amongst them are " "
12 pair French Calf Hoots,
12 do do varnished calf boots, morocco i.
6 do elastic top varnished Brodeijuins,
6 do button - do do,
4 doa nair assorted Parisian shoes, fnr la.!:..
2 - r - ""Hit)
A few superior liht coats, silk, glaze, sere .
ao uo caHsimt-re miu iaacy woolen trenr'
20 doz white shirts, linen pants. French make, '
A few superior French Parasols.
2.1 chihlreu's bats, with ribbons and flowers
24 Italian straw hats, ribbons and flow ers,
Artificial flowers ; real ostrich feathers.
A few gold chains, rings,' nd ass'd French Jewfi
A few assorted shirt studs, linen sheetin", ?
Excellent cotton sheets, ready made,
Huckaback towels, sowed and nnished.
Linen chemises, white linen damask lor tM. ...
Col'd lincji damask for table covers, M
i - lace ureases, Deauraui siiJt trocks tor cuildrcj.
Merino undershirts, lamb's wool socks,
lilac k silk hats, camlet cloalcs. nouehp.
Scotch fresh salmon, in tins, boxes Ferdrix trai-
.VJiwerre s iruiiecs, I'ates do foie gros truffee,
Petits I'ois, English hams, English cheese,
Jams, olive oil, splendid Ale and Porter.
ROBERT C. JAXIOX
Honolulu, March 3, lS-'io. 43-tf
NEW AND VARIED ASSOETMEXT
JUST received bv tlie undersigned, per C'lir-.
liark LEONIDAS," from Liverpool. 1
Among them are
A few cases of yerv choice Prints. mclurllnr
new styles in Turkey red and yellows muslin,
lin dresses and lace dresses, beautiful French'..
nos ; a few pieces sup. delaines, new styles Atll
l . I....: o . t. . 1 r
oUUU9 liiiui.s, jc, tr Tci v vaneiv ot cor-
wm nuxeu irowsenngs, cioms, nanneis, bslej c
& "".-- ajiu jjp.
siiirxs, oiue serge snins, rea serge snirts, irorstf
cotton and merino undershirts, a complete aj-r
ment of silk hdkfs, linen dxdls, Irish Lnen hrn
unen unu, nnen snccting, sc., sec; a small innjt.
of silks. Tartan cashmeres, barages, rich plaid p-,
hams, assorted clothing, cotton thread, domestH
madapolams, white shirtings and denim,
hosiery; an assortment of boots and shoes; a t
ribbons, hats, feathers, gloves, mit, parasols, fc
turnery, mens boots, ladies' shoes, children' iaj
mirrors, pictures, jewelry, fine clothing, sardi;
An assortment of Saddlery, P.ridles, Bitts, ic.
do do Earthenware,
do lo Iron.
do do Bedsteads and Children'j do.
Steele's Yellow or nearly White Soap,
A few Cart Wheels. A Wire Carriage,
100 torn; Cardiff irteam Coal.
The above trcx-.ds are offered at the lowest mis
rates, and with those reOivcd by the " Cosac
advertised elsewhere, present to purchasers 13-
cojnplete assortmcut of Ury Goods than has r
been before olfcrcd in Honolulu.
N. B. The undersigned expects in future to k
u a regular supply of sjtaple articles by diin
scls, as well as to continually introduce new sr.
of Fancy goods via the United States and tie L;
nius, on the Nicaragua route, which will be i
advertised on arrival. KOBEIIT C. J.INM
Honolulu, March 2". lSil.--13-tf
DISSOLUTION OF COPARTNERSHIP.
fKIIE Copartnership hitlitrto existing at Lei
J5L Let wen Achun, Ahpo.n and l'ushee, tu.
the name of WcUung i Co., is this dav oinsv
by mutual consent", they having disposed of t
t h k in trade to l'uv'ee & Ako,. by whom all
liabilities of the late tirm of Wojiung Jc Co. ail
Honolulu, March 4, 1.8J.5. ,44-
Jl A WA IIA.V AGRIC ULTl E 1
"ii'OTICT". The members of the Society an--!
1 public generally, nre herebv notified tLa
of tl e'-Tri'.nactir n-" of the last Annual Mcrtin.
DC cui;uneu oi the umlersined. wiio tsyNn rrri
to iurr.isn bound co- -.es ot oi. I. I'll' e two
Ca--h premiums awarded t the last Fa:r trl
paid when called iVr.
JCy Members who have no: paid their sii!
tions will plca:-e do so as early aa cortvenier.t.
CI-(I. II T.I "1S. Tr.-J2?
March 11th, lS.Vi.-c-4o-.5t
'7VTOTICE. The undersignel being about
1. this Kingdom, hereby cives notice, thai J
aiiooiutcd HENRY S. SWIXTOX. Esn.. tor
hi Agent duriag his absence, under t.owcr t
tomev. 4o-tf - W. C. I'AlX
W"B KSPF.frrKUI.LY informs his Fr em Is. &
Jilt l'ublic gencrallv, that he has constat'-
hand, ut his store, in Hotel st., near the Frenc:
tel, an assortment of the Lc.-t Groceries thefc
aifords, whuh he offers on liberal terms.
J. S. has also a lar'e varietv of Cii"f
all the favorite brands, of which gentlemen r
vite?l to try the cjuality. l-:
TVST RECEIVED per bark Frances Fit
and other late arrivals, and otf.red f
reasonable terms, by ISA RICHARDSON, c
of Queen and Xuuanu streets.
riain Mahogany Hair Seat, Spring Bottom
Straight front " " M
Drop arm " M "
Round Arm " M "
Superior Mahogany Ball Foot Card Tb!
" " " Center and Side l
" " mrKlern style Bureaus
Black Walnut Dining Tables.
" " Cottage Double Bedstead.
Assorted colors Double Waehstands.
" - - " Reading Tables.
Black Walnut zinc lined Sinks.
Imitation Mahogany Dining and Breakiisti
Baltimore Windsor Chairs.
Black "Walnut Extension Tables.
Assorted sizes Prem. Cook Stoves. Xos. 1,-
Extra large Roger Williams do. Xo. 5.
A supply of the above Stoves, with all th
mings complete, constantlv on handV
, i SADULES.
1 case (uperior Quilted Spanish Saddles
Plain and Curb Bridles and Martin ga's
SHOES. Cases GenU Brogans and Kip Ties.
BARLEY A. OATS.
1 100 aacks Xo. L CalUornLi Oats. .
100 .-.. . Barlev.
3000 lbs. Bent's Boston Pilot Bread.
40 00 lbs. Pilot Bread, in air tight barrel-
An assortment of seasonable Dry Good, f"
Crockerr, Hardware and Grocoric's.
! " HARDWARE.
A small invoice. consiAtin.' of Auffers.-'1'"
Tacks, cocoa-handled Knives, Files, K-
I orks, &.C., &c, &c. ,
" TIX AV.4B.P
A complete assortment, and constantlvre
TILE UNDERSIGNED being about
Kingdom, hereby gives notice, that nf
pointed John E. Barnard, Esq.; to act t'
during hia absence, under power of Atto-.Y
Honolulu, March 9, 18-5-5. 4-3-tf
nO LET, on favorable terms, those cen
I fttcxl mvmiiiM known a4 Tlnx Cutt&'l'
ticulars applv at Rose Cottage Market, Kin?--4,5-tf
B. F. HAV'