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to the said YVater Lota, and is entitled to an
Exchequer Bill for the sum of twenty-two
thousand dollars payable at the pleasure of
the (iovernment with emi-annual interest
from the 17th of January last, . and the un
dersigned has issued said Bill to her for that
sum, and on the terms required by the con
tract of eaid Minister. Aa the title for the
Lots has been perfected, he urges again
upon your consideration the improvement of
them. The experience of the past year has
fully justified the views then entertained, of
its necessity. The ship-owners and the mer
chants suffer delay and great inconvenience
from the limited wharf accommodations, want
of store houses and places of deposit oi ar
ticles of great weight and bulk. As a gen
eral principle, the more charges, of what
ever kind, upon merchandise, the greater
the price to the consumer. At certain states
of the market, there will undoubtedly be a
division of the loss between the buyer and
seller, still, it is a loss which maybe pre
vented. There is another consideration of
great importance, and it is the rival ports
which are bini: established in the Pacific.
Our positon 13 Javorabie, out unless tne
proper accommodations are furnished, and
the markets supplied sufficiently for the wants
of those who visit here, other ports will at
tract tncm. The enterprising navigators go
where there are the most facilities. The
commercial man will bear some disadvan
tages, if the sale of bis merchandise is so
profitable as to counter-balance them, but
the whalers have no such prospective ad
vantage. Their business with us is the
graateit source of our prosperity, and the
utmost accommodation should be extended
to tnem. it has become a Ircquent occur
rence for the whalers to ship their oil home,
and hence itwo ild be frequently an accom
modation to land the same for a time, if there
were convenient store houses and places of
depo3 te, and the same convenience is re
quired by merchants and planters. It be
comes necessary then to improve the harbor,
to extend our wharves, and enlarge our
store houses, so that the most ample accom
modations may be afforded for the landing
and storage of merchandise, so that, if tran
shipped the expenses may be as light as pos
sible. The law of last session authorised the
improvement of the Water Lots so far as ap
propriations should from time to time be
made. 'I respectfully submit whether they
should not be made at your present session,
to accomplish this most essential purpose,
and also for the erection of more wharves
itnd store houses.
A reform should be made in the svstem of
collection of taxes. The enumeration which
I have made of the polls and of thje property
liable to taxation, shows most conclusively
that there is great omission in their collec
tion. The system of taxation is unequal in
the terms of the law, and when is superadded
to this,-the inequality of collecting from only
a part of the people, it becomes an impera
tive duty of the Legislative Council to reme
dy it. Your practical good sense will suggest
the means. A Collector General of Taxes
for each island, with deputies of his own ap
pointment would give efficiency to the collec
tion. Should, however, the present svstem
continue, I would suggest that the collectors
of taxes visit every person liable to taxation
on the first day of a given month, or as soon
thereafter as may be, and take an exact list
of polls, and of ail property liable to taxa
tion, a copy of which shall be sent to this
Department. The collection should be made
after the enumeration in completed. Penal
ties should be imposed upon persons who
refuse to give a list, when requested ly the
collector. The enumeration is the same as
the assessment in most other countries, and
is a distinct duty from the collection. 1
would further recommend the payment of
uie lax collectors, by a per centage instead
of a salary as at present provided. The
improvements rendered necessary for the
accommodation of navigation aud commerce
require a heavy expenditure, and hence, as
additional revenue will be required, a riid
enforcement of the collection will aid to some
extent. It will be for you to consider wheth
er there is not some other property which
may properly be taxed. TUe history of all
Governments shows most conclusively that a
debt should never be incurred f r ordinary
expenses. There is practical truth in the
saying "pay as you go," and it applies to
Governments as well as to individuals.
Debts for improvements which pay an in
come may sometimes be incurred advanta
geously. The Privy Council have directed the un
dersigned to include in his recommendations
of appropriation the sum of five thousand dol
lars for the expenses of a Foreign Mission
which the Hon Win. L. Lee hal been ap
pointed to execute. At the commencement
of a fTew reign, it is especially advisable to
place all our foreign relations on the best
footing. In addition to the general questions
of interest always arising between different
nation?, there is one of great importance
with the United States, in relation-to a recip
rocity of trade. Most of our exports are
made to the West coast of the United States,
and the-import duties there upon our products
are an average of thirty per cent The re
moval of this restriction voii-ld undoubtedly
give a great impulse to our agricultural in
terests, and afford every inducement to the
investment of capital in this branch of in
dustry, so essential to the prosperity of the
I trust the executive of the United States
will entertain a favorable view of the subject.
It involves the same principles as those of
the treaty formed with Great Britain, for re
ciprocal trade with British North America.
Our trade is as important 'in degree to the
citizens of the Pacific coast of the United
States, as that treaty is for the people of the
Atlantic coast. The owners of the naviga
tion of the United States in the Pacific are
deeply interested in this mutual arrangement;
hence there is great reason to hope that a
proposition so important to us will be re
garded as worthy of favorable consideration.
There are other questions of magnitude which
require adjustment, especially with France.
The friendly sentiments which have been ex
pressed by the countries with which weh ave
intimate commercial relations, is an ample
.inducement for this Government to ma U ft an
effort to perfect our treaty stipulations with
There was an " appropriation, by the last
Legislative Council for Her Majesty the
l'icen, of one thousand dollars, and there
remains, a balauce of two hundred and fifty
pilars: On the lamented death of His Ma
jesty Kamehameha III, there ceased to "be a
Quewi, under the law. It was not compe
tent for the Undersigned to make the paymen
hn tits O t fw M. TA ri t
, - tuu A)WBger. j uc rnrj vounci
have requested me to submit the subject for
your favorable consideration, and request a
re-appropriation of that amount. It is for
you to consider whether any further aid, in
the nature of an annuity, should be granted
to the Queen Dowager.
' A law fixing a rate of interest for the use
of money is worthy of your consideration
The history of most countries has shown the
groat utility of this law for the protection of
the incousiderate, speculative, and those in
volved in debt. It tends to preserve a stabu
ity in the relative value of merchandise and
all other property, witir money. It is admit
ted that usury laws are not fully carried out
yet all experience bears witness to their sal
utarv effect. It is said that "money, like
merchandize is worth what it will bring?'
therefore a restriction on the rates of inter
est is unjust, which would be true, were it
not that the law has given money great pow
ers as compared with property, by making it
a legal tender at a fixed value. While the
one never varies in its legal standard of val
ue, the other is constantly fluctuating. Spe
cial advantages are given it by law, there
fore let it be controlled by law. If property
could be used lor the same purposes as mon
ey, as a tender for example for the payment
otVebttbe assertion that "money is worth
what it will bring," would be reasonable, and
no restriction should be imposed upon it.
But until the law imparts to property the same
powtr which it does to money, there is a fal
lacy in this declaration. Property is fluctu
ating, and often fallsto a price ruinous to the
purchaser; money never fails, but often rises
in its power to purchase and control proper
ty. A rate of interest winch rises at every
change in credits or at every depreciation of
property is a legal oppression. It is sufficient
that it can command its own amount of secu
r.ty. As debts increase, and property depre
ciates, money rises in value by the power
wnicn the law has given it, therefore let the
same Jaw restrain it. .
In twenty-one of the States of the Ameri
can Union, the legal rate of interest is six
per cent. In four States it is seven per cent.
In lexas and Alabama, it is eight pr cent.
In Mississippi it is ten per cent., and in Louis
iana it is five per cent. California has no
usury laws. The penalties for a violation of
this law varies in the different States. In
Massachusetts, and N. H. the usurer forfeits
three times the whole amount of interest
In Maine the excess is nol recoverable. In
Conn there is a forfeiture of all the interest
It is a striking fact that in all countries the op
position to a reasonable usury law, has arisen
trom money lenders, and money brokers.
I he present rate of interest of twelve per
cent per annum is as high as any regular
business can pay for a series of years; and I
respectfully submit, whether it should not be
limited to that per cent, and penalties nnpos
ed on any amount reserved above that, es
pecially when secured by bond and mortgage.
roreign billsof Lxchange would not of course
come under its provisions. The reasons for
a usury law apply with peculiar force to the
people of this Kingdom.
I call your attention to the subject of a
modification of our laws imposing duties on
imports. The bill which I had the honor to
submit at your last session, would not in the
least embarrass trade, while, at the same
time, it would to a small degree increase the
revenue. The paramount reason however is
the belief which I entertain, that it would
facilitate the negotiations for new treaty stip
ulations, by which our legislation can be free
and national. The independence and integ
rity cf the Kingdom absolutely requires it
passage. I know of no other mode of secur
ing freedom of Legislation, but by a modifi
cation of duties. J ave my reasons so fully
in my last annual Report, to which I refer
you, that I deem it unneccessary to repeat
ttiA rv ' I tv a n n A A.nrmo1
lilt 111. I U1IC CIMU IICU13 UtllC LUUIl'UK-U
.u. c.l...ij,i.i.:m .
mem. onouiu uie uni not prove as we nope, ;
the means ot treeing us trom treaty stipula
tions, which are so embarrassing to our legis
lation, and a constant source of irritation, it
will at least show, that the Government in all
its departments has neglected no honorable
means to accomplish it. This being the com
mencement of a new reign, the countries with
whom we have commercial intercourse will
sympathise with us, I have no doubt, in our
efforts to place our Foreign relations on the
most friendly footing, and I have full faith
that our overtures will be met in the most
generous spirit; however, if they do not prove
successful, we shall have the consolation of
knowing that we have done our part to ac
complish it. and the laws will remain the
same as before. Freedom of legislation must
be attained, for it is an essential element of a
free government. To attain this principle,
the best of nations have resorted to war, the
severest of trials, even in its success. To
this extreme we have no occasion to resort,
even if we had the power, which we do not
pretend. Our embarrassments are in the
nature of contracts, and therefore must be
fulfilled, unless modified by negotiation.
Whatever our difficulties may be, the public
faith must be preserved.
I respectfully refer you to a communication
which I had the honor to submit to the Leg
islative Council at its last session, for a com
parative view of revenue under the existing
laws and the proposed bill which of course
gives the exact percentage imposed on each
article. There will always be a difference
of opinion on the details of a bill of this char
acter, which must be the subject of comprom
ise. The principle of-the bill will commend
itself to all, so far as it makes a distinction
in favor of the necessaries of life. It is sub
mitted to you as a basis of legislation.1 If you
concur with me in its general principles, your
intelligence will enable you to make such al
terations in its details, as the revenue and
the condition of the people require.
Toraise revenue by customs is a favorite
mode with all nations. Its operation is not
compulsory, and, in this Kingdom, is pec
uliarly equal and just. All, whether foriegn
er or native, have an interest in the support
of a just administration of public affairs and
a vigorous execution of the laws, and of course
are willing to submit to a reasonable taxa
tion. It is well to bear in mind that a tax on
rea! ' property must soon be imposed. It is
just iu principle that the amount of tax should
be proportionate to one s property. There
are difficulties in the way of its practical ope
ration here. One of the objections against
taxation of real property is the exemption of
those lands patented in fee simple prior to
August ?th 1850. This law was passed in
184 J, and repealed in 1850. : At the. time, it was
supposed that it would induce persons to secure their
titles, and in this way," promote industry, and in
crease, the productions of the soil. . AH laws mak
ing exemptions from taxation are unequal and
usually uawise.' When a law. is enforced taxing
real estate, this will be a cause of 'dissatisfaction,
still it will not be regarded as a conclusive objec
The'-Polynesian, April 7, 18
tion. When revenue froia this source is necessary
to tu stain the Government, there cannot be any
hesitation in imposing the tax.
A suDDlementary report will be neecessary, show
in? the exact state of the Department on the first
dav of Atril. It will also con tarn an exhibit of
tLe estimates of revenue and eipenditures for the
current fiscal year.
I would call your attention to an alteration in
the Constitution. The 54th Article makes it im
perative on each Minister to make a Report of the
transactions and business of his Department ' up
to the first of January next preceding, when it
should be made to the end of the fiscal year, Match
3 let. This report, without the supplemental re
port cannot form a I aeis of legislation, for it docs
not give the state of the Department on which ap
propriations are predicated lor the fiscal year which
commences April 1st.
God preserve the Kino.
ELISIIA II. ALLEN.
SATURDAY, APRIL 7. J8S5.
Opening of the Legislature.
In order to lay before the readers of the Polyne
sian the annual Reports of the Ministers of the In
terior and of Finance at as early an hour as possi
ble, and the King's Speech, at the opening of the
Legislature of 1855, we are obliged to exclude al
most every thing else from our columns this week.
The members of tbe House of Representatives
met this morning at half past 9, and organized by
the election of the Hon. G. M. Robertson, as Speak
er ; O. H. Gulick, clerk ; II. S. Swinton, Sergeant
at arms ; Rev. E. W. Clark, Chaplain. Mr. W.
Chamberlain was.chosen engrossing clerk, and Lor
rin Andrews, Jr. translator, when the house ad
journed to the 6tone church, to hear the King's
The two houses met, as by previous appointment,
at the stone church at 11 o'clock, at which hour.
precisely,-His Majesty opened the Sessions with the
following SPEECH, ' which was delivered in both
the Hawaiian and English languages.
Nobi.es axd Representatives
It has pleased the Almighty to gather to his
forefathers my beloved Predecessor. This bereave
ment has Lcen to me the source of the deepest
sorrow ; but my grief has been assuaged by the
sympathy of this whole nation, in whom I sec in
numerable and ever-gathering proofs of the love and
gratitude they bore their departed Chief.
You meet this day in conformity with the Con
stitution he gave you. Had his suggestions, on
the many occasions he addressed you from the
place I now occupy, been matured by your delib
erations, and carried into effect, there would, per
haps, be little for me to recommend, or for you
to perform. The measures he initiated reflect lus
ter upon his name, and if by any endeavor of
mine those measures shall be perfected, I shall
consider it indeed an honor.
In the exercise of my prerogative, I have availed
myself of an Act passed during jour last session,
and siuce approved by me, by virtue of which I
have separated the offices of Kuhina Xui and Min
ister of the Interior. To the former post I have
called Her Royal Highness, Frincess Victoria Ka
mamalu. The Ministry of the Interior remains in
the Bamc Lauds as heretofore, asdo the other port
folios of my government ; for, young and newly
come to this repponsible position, I have gladly
availed myself of the wisdom and experience of the
counsellors of our deceased Kin.
I hare instructed the high officers cf my gotcrn-
unent to lay before you reports of their several de
partments. For a history of the Judiciary department dur
ing the last year, ami for certain changes proposed
in our laws, I would refer you to the report of my
His recommendations, eopecially those
jesting remedies fjr the great evils which arc
so speedily jlcstroying our race, meet my most
hearty approval, ar?d aro worthy of your serious
I trust you will be able to devise ."och wise and
salutary measures as shall effectually chcc.V licen
tiousness and intemperance.
The doors of Justice arexopen to all, and so far
as I am informed, its administration in the higher
courts has been prompt,-efficient and satl-factory.
Of the inferior magistrates, there has been some
complaint, no doubt in many instances with rea
son ; but the character of district justices has
greatly improved within the past few years, and it
is to be hoped it will continue to improve.
Weak as wc arc, and imperfect as our government
may be, it will not be doubted, I think, that there
is no country in which there is more entire security
for life, liberty, person and property.
IIisR)yal Highness, Prince Kamehameha, on
whom has devolved the chief military command,
will exhibit to you in his Report, which is embod
ied in that of the Secretary at War, the plans he
has in contemplation to render efficient the impor
tant service intrusted to his cars. I have to re
quest that you will give this subject the grave
attention it deserves. His late Majesty urged the
matter upon you frequently, but the appropria
tions have hitherto been insufficient for any per
manent or efficient organization of that important
department. I indulge a strong hope that you
will remedy this deficiency, and place the Depart
ment of War upon & firm and better footing.
Deeply imbued with a sense of the responsibility
that rests upon my Government, not only to foster,
bat to lead the way in 'all that tends to the gen
eral good, I would invite your earnest attention to
the recommendations that will be laid before you
by my Minister of the Interior, and particularly to
that portion of his report relating to the proposed
improvements in the harbor of Honolulu. The
facilities that would be afforded in the loading and
unloading of vessels, native as well as foreign ;
the extra inducements that these new accommoda
tions wonld hold out to those parties who contem
plate making this port a place where ocean steam
mers may seek refreshments, and take in coal and
water ; the general impetus that would be gives to
trade by providing, at the water's edge, a site for
the erection of warehouses ; and the hundred other
conveniences proper to a maritime-city ; all these
considerations prove to my mind the propriety of
proceeding energetically with a work so national
in Its character that no part of tbe islands can fail
to share in many of its advantages. To your wis
dom it belongs to consider in what way the funds
necessary to effect this great improvement may be
best procured. , - - . ..-.V
It is gratifying to me, on commencing my reign,
to be able to inform you, that my relations with
all tbe great Powers, between whom and niywlf
exist treaties of amity, are of the most satisfactory
nature. I have received from all of them, assur
ances that leave no room- to doubt that my rights
and sovereignty will be respected. My policy, a
regards all foreign nations, being that of peace r
impartiality and neutrality, in the spirit of the
Proclamation by the late King, of the 16th May
las?, and of the Resolutions of the Privy Council
of the 15th June and 17th July, I have given to
the President of the United States, at his request,
my solemn adhesion to the rule, and to the princi
ples establishing the rights of neutrals during war,
contained in the Convention between His Majesty
the Emperor of all the Ruseias, and the United
States, concluded in Washington on the 22d July
I have exchanged my ratification for that, by my
great and good friend, His Majesty Oscar, King of
Sweden and Norway, of tbe treaty concluded at my
Court on the 1st day of July, 1852.
I have ordered my Minister of Foreign Relations
to inform you of all treaties with foreign nations
negotiated under the late reign, of the progressive
steps by which the sovereignty and independence
of this Kingdom have become so generally ac
knowledgcd, and of the transactions generally of
the Department under his charge.
I have committed an important mission to the
Honorable William L. Lee, Chancellor of the King
dom and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and
have accredited him as my Envoy Extraordinary
and Minister Plenipotentiary, from which mission
I anticipate important results for the benefit of
you all, which will be made known to you hereaf
ter. In the meanwhile, I recommend you to vote
such a sura as, in your wisdom, you may deem ad
equate for the expenses of that mission.
My Minister' of Finance will submit, for your
consideration, certain important measures relating
to the National finances ; and you cannot fail to
be impressed with tbe necessity of devising some
means of enlarging them. Without more extend
ed means we must remain in the position of having
the will, without the power, to stimulate agricul
ture and commerce, and to proviie generally for the
physical, mental and moral improvement of the
nation. Ab a preparatory step towards increasing
the sources of revenue, we must increase the rev
enue to be drawn from such sources as already ex
ist. But, restricted as we are, by treaty, from ex
ercising a right common to all free communities,
we are unable to impose discriminating duties on
foreign imports, which, whilst supplying the
Treasury with additional means, would enhance
the price of articles of luxury only. To regain
the right of which we have, for the present, di
vested ourselves ; it may be necessary that you re
consider the act by which the duty on spirituous
liquors is now regulated. The Minister of Finance
aid this subject before you last year in a clear and
able manner, and Lis views have been confirmed by
the experience of another year. Whether it would
be wise to assist the revenue by a tax on property,
is for you to determine. ,
To foster education and widen every channel that
eads to knowledge, is one of out most imperative
duties. It will be for vou to determine what ob
stacles, if any, exist, to the general enlightenment
of my people. On this subject there will be sub
mitted for your consideration, certain proposed
changes in the Department of Public Instruction.
t is ot the highest importance, in my opinion,
that education in the English language should be
come more general, for it is my firm conviction that
unless my subjects become educated in this tongue,
their hope of intellectual progress, and of meeting
the foreigner on terms of cqu ility, is a vain one.
It is a melancholy fact that Agriculture, as now
iraetiecd, is not a business of so prosperous and
ucrative a nature as to induce men of means to
engage in it; and capital is absolutely necessary
y the successful production of our great staples.
sugar, coffje and tobaccu. I bog you, therefore, to
eo.isider whether there exit any restrictions, the
removal of which would give new life W this . im
portant source of national prosperity, and tend to
create a juster balance between our imports and ex
ports. I need hardly mention the obligation that
weighs upon Jou, to open wide our ports to com
merce. Without commerce our agricultural pro
duce might moulder in onr warehouses ; roads, and
inter-island communication almost case to exist ;
the making of wharves become a work of ff'ipere-
rogation, and (lie opening and closing of stores an
idle ceremony. As the legislators of a young, com
mercial nation, wo should be liberal in our meas
ures, and far-sighted in our views.
A subject of deeper importance, in my opinion,
than any I have hitherto mentioned, is that of
Ithe decrease of our population. It is a subject, in
comparison with which all others sink into insig
nificance ; for, our first and great duty is that of
self-preservation. Our acts are in vain unless we
can stay the wasting hand that is destroying our
people. I feel a heavy, and special responsibility
resting upon me in this matter ; but it is one in
which you all must share ; nor shall we be acquit
ted by man, or our Maker, of a neglect of duty,
if we fail to act speedily and effectually in the
eauso of those who are every day dying before
our eyes. ,
I think this decrease in our numbers may be
stayed ; and happy should I be if, during the first
year of my reign, such laws should be passed as
to effect this result. I would commend to your
special consideration the subject of establishing
public Hospitals ; and it might, at first, perhaps,
be wise to confine these hospitals to diseases of one
class ; and that the most fatal with which our
population is afflicted. , . . - , ,
Intimately connected with this subject is that of
preventing the introduction of fatal diseases and
epidemics from abroad. Visited as we are by ves
sels from all parts of the world, this is no easy mat
ter ; but I trust your wisdom will devise some sim
ple, and practical remedy- ;
It affords me unfeigned pleasure to be able to
state that, according to the returns from most of
the districts, the births, during the past year have
exceeded the deaths.
It is to be regretted that the Chinese coolie em
igrants, to whom has been given a trial of suffi
cient length for testing their fitness to supply our
want of labor and population, have not realized
the hopes of those who incurred the expense of
their introduction. They are not so kind and
tractable as it was anticipated they would be ; and
they seem to have no affinities, attractions or ten
dencies to blend with this, or any other race.' In
view of this failure it be comes a question of some
moment whether- a clais of persons more nearly
assimilated with the Hawaiian race, could not be
induced to settle on our shores. It does not seem
improbable that a portion of tbe inhabitants of
other Polynesian groups might be disposed to come
here, were suitable efforts made to lead them to
such a step. In a few days they would speak our
language with ease ; they would be acclimated al
most before they left the ships that conveyed them
hither ; and they might bring with them their
wives, whose fecundity is said to be much greater
than that of Hawaiian females. Such immigrants,
besides supplying the present demand for labor,
would pave the way for a future population' of na
tive born Hawaiiaos, between whom, and those
of aboriginal parents, no distinguishable difference
would exist. - ' ' - t
May the issue of your deliberations be crowned
with those successful results which the will of the
Almighty only can bestow. '
, After the delivery of the preceding speech the
two houses met at their respective Halls,' and com
mittees were chosen to return an answer to His
Majesty's Gracilis Speech, and for the transaction
of other business, for which we have not room this
Mail of February 20th.
The clipper schr. Viqceeo, of. the Regular Des
patch Line, arrived yesterday, April 6th, in 19 days
from San Francisco. She brings dates from S. F.
to the 17th March ; from New York to Feb. 20th,
and from Europe to Feb. 3d.
From England the news is, that the Aberdeen
ministry had resigned, on account of a direct vote
of censure, or want of confidence, passed by the
British house of Commons on the 29th Jan. by a
vote of 305 to 14S.
The Earl of Derby had failed in an attempt to
form a new ministry, and the prevalent belief was
that Lord Palnrcrston would become Premier, and
Earl Grey Minister of war.
Nothing decisive from the Crimea. : Dates to the
22d of January have been received.
UxiTtB States. Page A Bacon of St. Louis, re
sumed payment of the 5th of February.
The bill for a telegraph to the Pacific had passed
both houses of Congress, and the bill providing for
a railroad tJ the Pacific had passed the Senate by a
majority of two.
A card has been issued by Mr. D. Quinlan, an.
nouncing that he is prepared to supply water to
the residents of Honolulu, from a water cart, at
rates which we regard as reasonable, while the con
venience to families of having spring water daily
and regularly, must bo very great.
For terms his card can be consulted, where the
rates range from" SOcts to $1 per week, according
to the qtnntity taken.
In Honolulu, April 2J, oy E-v. L. Aadiewi, Mr. W. Chm-
At U'ailuku Maui. March SHh Mrr Afxtrlucia L. Coode.
aped 41 yrar 9 nimith. wife of the Rev. I). T. C nde. t-lie
dit i in ftill trust and cnnfMenc of tlie Christian hop. A
more extendi-d notic may be eipec;et),at some future rime.
fn tin's crty on the 4th int. Trwoo, an old fnine-e resident
at tbe i-lan I more than ?0 year. His f.mrral was attend on
Fritay i!h nxiclt display, accompanied by a band ol uu.ic,
and a U'ge conco-irse of b countrymen. .
At Lilie, Kant,on the 10th of MarcH. Br J. H. Wtlii, of
B ichnmnd. Indiana, reeratly frnm CaSfi.rnlx His cl-e.-e was
plithj.j. plmialM CalrtcfiiM papers please copy.
In Honolulu, nn tli4 3d iot.-. Hon. J. KalilI, agrd 41 jean,
oneof rbei treuft Judas of Uie fsl ;nd of alm.
In Honolulu, on the 4th inst.. William S. Mttmlw, aj,d
3 mon h-.iiifmt son of .M. W.and Georgian Mathews, for
nierly of New York.
Ht the Ocean P.-asf, from Boston -G, T. Tufts. A. Tuft, C
If. Lant, Ef. M. Brewer, EJ Eerett, Her. fl. Pirro and ln
dv. Rev. K. Jlitchcorii and lady. I. H. Hitchcock. Ed. G.
If ttlircoek, Rev. Win. O. Baldwin and lady, Mrs. Whitney, and
two children. Miss Celia P. Wnphf. The lollonine joined at
Valparaiso: . P. Evervtl lady and child, Cnnrfelaria E-cinil-la,
and to jrrt-aDU. -
PORT OF HONOLULU.
3f. Airf. ship Ocean Peail, V1 . Sea , 817 tot , 122 de
April 6 Aid schr. Vno,iero, Harris. 19 rfs ftn Sal Pranri.cn.
6. Am. bark Yankee, Frrnth, 147 days from New London,
C4 from Bio, 34 from Cape Hot
April 5 What Cheer, Baker, Saa Francisco.
PORT OF LAHAINA.
March 23 Ship Tims. Pirkason, Tuber, X. B. 33 mm. 351 sp,
14. wh, 17,000 bone.
3T Corheti'is HWfand, True, N. B.,7 mon, fffsp-.v
Er. sh. Anreliin, of Atf lelin, Havre, 6 moe, clean.
Cambria, rease, N. B., b mom, vm sp.
t'-om. Pieble, Prentrsa, Eynn, IS mos, 125 sp, 125-w,
15 K) bone.
- Bk. uf ene. Pendleton, Ftomngton, 18 nine, 50 sp,
. CUO w, COW bnajsj.
3 Ship Geo. Washington, Aflen, Wartbam, 17 moe,
250 sp 100 w.
Fr. ibip Elizabeth. Morel, from Honuloln.
March 29 Brooklire, Cisson. Honolulu and craisav - :' ',.
Bk. Fanny, Honolulu and cruise.
31 Thos. Diekason. Taber, cruise.
April 1 Cornelius Howland, Honelula anil cruise.
Three Brothers, Cttavtland, cruise.
4 Bk. Eugene, Pendleton, Ochotsk.
Ph. Caroline, Grey, cruise. (
Sh. Cambria, Pease, Ochotsk. '
Fr. ship Elizabeth, Morrell. ' '
5 Geo. Washington. Ochotsk.
PORT OF HILO. '
Arrived. - .i-i ;-
March 7. Ship Chandler Price, Cum, N. Bedford, 6 mon out.
10. Ship Mary, ftlarchant, Edgartown, 33 moe out, S0
bis. w. on board. ' -" '
Barque Kobt Morrison, Pease, IT. B., 7 mon out, 100
bin. sp. .
- 14. Phip Eliza Adams. Howe. N. Bedford. 41 iuo oaf.
16. Ship Java, Wood, Fair haven, 11 moe 60 sp. 3S0 m J
. I ' ' ". : ' ! . , 1 fc . l
Tbe bark Yankee, which arrived yesterday, in 147 daya from
New London, sprung her masia in the North Atlantic, and pat
in at Rio. when she waa detained 35 day. Her sailm; days
are therefore bol 1 12.
NOTICE. It has pleased Her Majesty the Queen
.Dowager, II. Kalarna, Kapakuhaili, to appoint
the undersigned her A gents and Attornics in fact. All
persons having business to transact with Her Majes
ty, will please do so through the undersigned.
",'", CHAS. KANAINA,
' '"'. LEVI HAALELEA. ,
Honolulu, March 26, 1855." " 1 - ' ',r
OLELO HOOLAHA. K hoopuka aku nei
maua, na mea i kau i ko anaua mau inoa mala
10 iho, i keia palapala hooakaka i lohe na mea a pau.
Ua koho rnai ka Moi Wahina o H. Kalama, Kapa
kuhaili ia maua, i mau hope, aimau Luna Hoo
ponopono waiwai nona, aia ia maua ka ma lama o
kona mau waiwai a pau loa, na waiwai paa, a me na
waiwai lewa. ..: ?
TJa hoihoi ia mai ia man, kona mana a baa' loa.
Ina e kau ia ka inoa o ua Moi Wahine nei, maloko
o kekahi palapala, me ke karu pu olem o ko maua
mau inoa, ua lrio ia palapala i mea ole.
Nolaila, mai keia Is aku," ins he kuaf a i ole ia, he
KooRmaTIma paha ka"iek aM k anatayi VawlIWaT a
ka Moi Wahina, o H. Kalama. Kapakuhaili, ma o
maua la e noi, a e kuai ai. -
' V t. ' CHAS j KANA INA,
.,.-..' LEVI HAALELEA.
Honolulu, March 26, 18-55. 40-4 1
A COTTAG B TO LET,
mJTERY pleasantly, situated, ina retired posi
tion, and not far from the business part of the
town. i . jf ,
Rent low. For rartioulaxs applv to
4-tf i - J. CLARK, Hotel St. '
A. P. EVEItETT.
AT THE STORE OF RICE & Co
Denims, Stripes, brown Drills, brown Cotton,
ton Flannels, bleached Cottons, bleached JmjT
Tickings, white, scarlet and blue Flannels, coj'
ens, Ja) kiss, bios and black Lroadalotk, Uaen SW
ing, Cravats, cotton Ildkfs, cotton Thread white tt(j
blue. Mourning Print, Muslins, asaarted p.
black Velyctcolored Cambric, black and fancj gi;i
Velvet 'Trimmings, assorted Ribbons, Print ttt!
Black Crape; Orleans Cloth, and a great vriT
fancy articles torraumenrus to meation.
' Hardwares Cautery, fcc "
Cast steel and iron Shovels, cast steel 9pad la
sted handled Axes, Broad Axes, Cooking jjw,
and fixtures, farmers Boilers, enamelled Sauce plJ
nd Kettles, Percussion Caps, Counter Scales, 0
lines, chain Dog Collars, cut Brads, assorted, Scrw
Drivers, Aiken's Brad Awls," plated Trrsqaj,,,
pocket Tape Measures, brass Screw Rings, thee
Tasters, powder Flasks, Chalk Line reel With nrinl
ers, Fish Lines, Iil Kevs, Gate Fastening
H inges, Sand Paper, Wood Saws, Razor Stropjetrt
harps, table Knives and Forks. Pocket Knirp p.
zors, Scissors, Butchers' Knives and SteeU, aasorttd.
Shears, brass and iron Butts assorted, box-wood
Ra!es, gtel Key Blnn, Pack and Sail Xeed;B
Thimbles. Corkscrews, Brace St BitU. SpokeshiTes
Hand and Back Saws, Soap Ladles, Lamps and Lu!
tems assorted. Chopping Knives, Mortice Gu?
Spittoons, Match Safes, Fish Hooks, iron and bn,
Vire, Tormentors, Box Scrapers, store Door Lath
Chest Locks, Padlocks, Mortice Locks, Rim LocW
Racking Locks, Hickory Mallets, Garden Shee.
brass Kaita, Meat and Wardrobe Hooks, brans sci
Hooks, Auger Handles, Tobacco Cutters, Dougi,
Pumps, bright Hooks and Eyes, Firmer Chisels, cafc.
in Door Hooks, bright Wrenches, Curtain Fixtar
Coffee Mills, Shoe Punches, Mule Chains, VinJo
Springs, bright. Augers, brass Buttons, Jfe;
Chains, iron and steel Syringes-, Sheaths and Belt,
brass Dog Collars, brass and iron Wire Sieves, gpri,.
Balances, Family Grindstones, Corkstops,
Bells, Gun Flints, Ten pots. Rat Traps, Britannia
Tablespoons, Tinned iron Tea and Tablespoons,
Bench Vise, Cx Bow Pins, square Sprin" Bolt.
Tower Bolts, Skimmer Ladles, assorted Tacks. cro'
cut -saws, Unn bcrews,- brase lAirtain Kings, gh0
Sail Twine, Sheep Shears-,1 Ship Scrapers, Chaiabtt
Bolts, Shutter Bolts, Chest Handles, brass a&diioa.
Castor, Augers, Bitts, common Spike Ghnblea,
Handcuffs, copper Tacks, Needles, assorted, Draw,
ing Knives, Planters Hoes, shingling, lathis and
claw Hatehetf, Oil Stones', Cloak Pins, socketTchig.
els, iron and brass Screws assorted. Wood Rap,
half round and bastard Files, Pit Saw Files, Ttner
Flies, Basting Spoons. Hammers, Mounted Pd!m
stecl-jlate lloes and Rakes. ; , '
TIX PLATE AXD SHEET IRO.
GROCERIES PRESERVES, VC.
Half bbls. Beans, cases Cheese,' Dried Apple
split peas, casks Bread, cases Cider bxs. Coda?
half-brls Cornmeal,' Hops, tierces Hams, GunDow.
der, refined Lard in tint half brls clear Pork, bbl
Shoulders, casks. Kice, boxes Soap, bbls Vinegar,
tit-D bis reaned Sugar, nitd a general assortment of
Pickles, Preserves. &c., pipes Sardine. Almond
Sago, super Carbonate Soda, boxes Tea, t racking
Tobacco, Vermicelli. Maccaroni, Corks, chewin To
bacco, luk Pepper, Citron, assorted vonfectionerr.
Nutmegs, Cloves.Cream Tartar, Epsnm Saiu, Starch
Currants, Chocolate, Cologne, 4ei, &e., &c.
, Koots, and $hea.
Men's Fu'mp-soled fine calf Broirans.' Men's Ox
ford Ties, Men's Kip Brogans, Boy's Biogans,Me?.'
Uoat Peg Brogans. Women s Ii. U. lies. Women',
tine silk Gaiters, white Satin Slippers, Women's Jen
ny Una Uaiters, white hid Slippers, omen s Mo
rocco Ties, Women' embroidered lies, Children
fancy Boots, Men's tine Calf sewed Boots, etc., etc
84 OIL CLOTH CARFET1SG, SUPERIOR.
Glassware, Lnmps, le.
Solar Lamps. Ranging Solar Lamps, side Solar
Lamps, Muire Lamps, reading Lamps. Britts. Cof
fee and Teas, solarr wicks and Shades, Decanter?,
wine Bottles,' china Vases, Finger Bowls Goblcb,
vittoos, Paper Shade, Spoon Holders. Coloco,
o;ar Chirunejs, Pedestal Candlesticks, Pr'of Glass
es, JJutters ana covers. lJecksigrits, lumblers.
Iimps, Sugars and covers, etc., etc.
Copying and writing Ink, Slate and Lead Tencilv
Pass Bxk. Writing )iok with copies Letter an-I
too: l ap I ap r, assorted qualities, Note Paper,
Gold Pens with cases, Ink Stands, Drawing Pencils,
Sicel Tens and Pen Holders. Wafer. Envelopes
l?i'l Paper, dealing "Wax, Playing Cards, lar?e and
small wrapping Taper, Printing Paper, &c, Brush
es, &c Paint Brushes, assorted, shce brushes, scru'v
tooth, nail,' dust, shaving and varnish Brushes, as
sorted ivory and dressing Combs, side Combs, Ma
son's Paste Blacking, etc., etc., etc.
. HATS Pulm-Lcaf, IgTiorn and Anti-Ne!ra-Li
Mats. .. .. , .
Men's Saddles complete with two girth strap,
girths, brass spurs, assorted, web girthing. biW
whips, fancy riding whips, etc., etc.
AVetdeni Ware 4Vc.
Hickory axe handles, painted Pails, nests tub?,
nests boxes, cov'd bucketscorn mills-." corn she!Ier,
ox bows, grain cradles, ox yokes complete. School
s!ates, assorted sLtes, Looking G&ses card aud bo
t"rakrry Ware. Jfcrv
White plates. J-4 soups, edged tritiJera 1-4 soirps
C. C. Chamber assorted owls, ewers and basins
oval nappies. Porter mugs, etc., etc, assortmen
CaxperUeW Planes, etc. -
SUNDRIES. Wood and Cane-sent CHAIRS.
Gunny Bags, Looking Glasses, Oats. . . 4$-tf
, J. F. COLBURX, Aactioneer., .
SALE of NEW GOODS Ex "Ocean Pearl" if
the Sales Room of Rice Co. WEDNESDAY
April 11th 1S3,
Sale of General Merchandise FRIDAY April 13h
1&5 at 10 o'clock A. M. It
Land far Sale. "
WILL be sold at PUBLIC AUCTION, on the
first day of Juneenstring, at 12 o'clock, the
land called Lupehu, on Mokjkai.containirtg 456 acre
The sale will take place on the land. It k upland,
well calculated for sheep, also for cultivation. Terms,
half cash, the balance in twelve months, the par
chaser paying the usual interest from the date of
patent. 45-tf S. G. D WIGHT, Agent.
COOLIES COOLIES f COOLIES ! !
PERSONS desirous of getting Coolie- Laborer
are requested to call at the office oi the under
signed." .. '",'.'"'' '';'..'
These Coolies, with a little teaching, make very
good w ashmen, gardeners, house servants and labor
ers, and it would be advisable for those who are ia
want of such, to 'en gage then immediately.
April 4, 185A.'4S-tf i r v.- B-F. SNOW.
STONE QUARRY TO REST;
IMIE LARGE sad valuable, Stone Quarry, situated
1 at Pauoa, abeaUosM mile from town. The stone
from this Quarry is particularly adapted to house
building, ballast for snips, or almost any purpose.
There is also-, on these-" premises, a wear abun
dance of pebbles 'and' small ' stories' well adapted to
building and repairing roads.
'Terms liberal. For particulars, apply to
48-tf . . .li. l t i. A JOSEPH BOOTH-
V- RETVARD. -LOST,-upon. Monday Bi?tl
fj last, between the National and Globe Ho
tels, a Silver Lever 'Watch: with sold chain attached
fovwk-ioh tkefindef will receive the above, reward- r
48-lt ..,.!) ..IJAVVID HUNTER-
i - Ex "Ocean JPeart."
GARDEN Shears, Ox Bowv , . ,
Wrapping Paper, - Shot, assorted siaesv
Bench Vices, ,,i,t! p. 'tMeatJtooksw ,4 k. ,
. Rim Locks, .;-;, Door Befu, ',
- - - Curtain Fixtures, " " Castors.. .
' Bow Pins. Glue, etc. " '
For sale bv ( ' J4S-tf 1 " 1 " ' W N. LADD.
OFFERS for sale CARGO ex ship 'Ocean P. , .
Winthrop Sears, Master, from Boston r.
consisting in part of UBX tiUODS and
: II AXIS "FAPJIaTT BJAJOrL
IN CONSEQUENCE of the aon-amval ef the
VaacEHOi " the Fawt Mwoa ' will not sa
for San Francisco, untit. WEDNESDAY 11th in
when she will foe ' dispatched as tne next
Packet of this line:'1'." , ;' " " ' V ' " '
1 J lft;'COADY 4; Co.
Honolulu, April 6th. 1$5J. 4S-!t.