Newspaper Page Text
THE POLYNESIAN, APRIL 10, 1858.
liquor was made to cost one dollar or one hundred dol
lars per glass to the consumer, would you still conteud
that theamount consumed would be in some ratio in
creased, or even as much consumed ? If 0, while
your opinion and mine may not differ as to the Kanaka
propensities for intoxicating drink, we differ widely in
our estimate of the pecuniary means of the same people.
As to the influence which a change of your tariff
wculd have upon the revenue, I am not able to judge.
How far smuggling wouW be carried on, or how much
it would cost to prevent it, are subjects upon which I
am not competent to give you information.
I have looked at the question with more reference to
the amount of consumption. I have always been of
opinion that this should be controlled at the Custom
House or dbtillery. This is the end to begin at. We
must go back to the still, untroubled fountain to clam
the water if we would prevent an overflow on the plains
vUvr WhAn it has ??ot its downward imuetus, if we
fcVV mmvm, O A,
dam it, we only divertits channel, or increase its pow
er for waste in the same channel.
I think the statesman and philanthropist have
another consideration to take of this question.
Strong distilled liquors are not adapted to health in
tropical climates. Wines are produced in such cli
mates, and are comparatively harmless, if not Bene
ficial, when properly used. I believe it is true that
wine countries have the fewest drunkards, especial
ly excluding cities and large commercial places
where distilled spirits are more used than in the ru
ral and producing districts. To save, therefore,
this native people from drunkenness, from crime,
from indolence, from poverty, and from destruction,
so far as these other evils are forcing them on, and
to save the nation from bankruptcy, which may be
feared when imports far exceed exports, let the
grape be cultivated in these Islands wherever it can
be, and its juice expressed for properly restricted
home consumption, and for the far more important
object of export and profit. The cultivation of the
vineyard and the making of wine will be better cal
culated to engage the indolent and almost dormant
energies of the natives than any other employment.
It will give them ready means which may stimula'e
their apparently dead ambition. But givo them
something to do which they will do ; keep them
from idleness, and consequently vice, and place the
reward within sight of their labors, and you may
elevate their condition, w hich, either by uncontroll
able circumstances or false friends, has become low
er as legislation, law and religion have triumphed
over their original habits and customs.
It is said that some of them in the wheat districts
have taken hold of raising wheat with commendable
ambition. So it would be of wine, or anything else
which should give them employment and reward
adapted to their habits. In raising potatoes and
most other things which go into our markets, the
price has fluctuated so as to discourage them, and
they abandon the business. It is to be hoped it
will not be so in raising wheat, and I have no doubt
it would not be so in producing wine.
My dear Sir, I am warned that I must stop. I
have written with great haste, and cannot conven
iently go over to correct.
If my views shall even compensate you for the
time you spend in reading them I shall be glad.
I am, Sir, very respectfully,
Your Ob't Serv't,
GEO. M. CHASE.
Hon. R. C. Willie,
Min. of For. Rel., &c, Honolulu.
was of a poetical turn of mind, he must have had a
fine opportunity for the mdulgence' of his fancies.
But all this time the island was very unprofitable.
It is now for the fFrst time that it is going to yield
anything. In the first place the lessees have got to
pay every year into the Treasury some o0-5, which
of itself is quite an item. But in (loins so they hope
to make a prone tor themselves by go wing wool,
which wool rail swell the aggregate of our exports
and take the place0f so much money exported to
square tha difference between the sum total of our
imports and our exports. Besides all which the oc
cupation of that island will give employment to
many persons, as well those who tend the flocks
as those who being in the carrying trade must be
hired to take the produce to market. The lease
lately consummated may be said to have virtually
added the available portion of some 25,000 acres of
land to the Sandwich Islands, for land unoccupied
is oi mue more count man no land at all.
And thus, Mr. Editor, we are creeping: up and
crawling on. There is nothing very brilliant in our
career, yet, as the adage has it, sott and iairly wins
the race. Whenever I hear ot a pieoe of land being
taken up and put into the way of becoming produc
tive, I rejoice as much as the Hollanders used to do
when they reclaimed another piece of flat from the
sea. It was not the scrap ot washy land they jubi
lated in, but what they could make of it. Our
lands are ready to hand, but until we make them
yield us something they might as well be at the
bottom ot the ocean.
When I look about and see how nany hundreds and
thousands of acres are now subservient to useful pur
poses that only a few years ago produced nothing, or
nothing but the trifle that served to maintain the in
habitants in life, I certainly do feel that we, as a people,
are coming up yes, sir, coming up. Look at this
island of Oahu, with its cattle and sheep farmers, and
every here and there a little bit of bottom cultivated.
Look at Maui with its cattle, its sheep, its wheat, and
its sugar. Look at Hawaii, where the articles of pro
duce are still more numerous, including, amongst other
items, coffee and oranges and pulu. Molokai has done
a little, and, as I hear, is likely to do more. I have not
heard much as yet about Lanai, but Kauai is a thriving
place, lhe islet of ruihau is biding its time ; if my re
collections of it are correct, it also will do for sheep.
And now, last, and almost least, Kahoolawe begins to
show up its head, and promise to add its quota to the
It may le very simple in me to put these thoughts
on paper, but I hate stagnation as I hate the Devil, and
wherever I see a little sign of progress, one acre culti
vated or depastured (except by horses) I rejoice over it
more than over ninety and nine acres that have been con
stantly used since the good old times of Kamehameha
I., and Captain Cook.
That they have begun to grow wheat in the district
of Kau, on Hawaii, is something to say, and I hope that
the Rev. Mr. Shipman will long be remembered for the
zeal with which he has festered that undertaking. For
my part I always did admire a minister who could set
an example in the field as well as cultivate the vine-.
3ard, which is his more peculiar charge.
Mr. Editor, there is a good deal of land (and some of
it rather hard to look at) that can be made profitable,
some for this thing and some for that. Why don't
3Tou stir them up and get people to go into something ?
I like your politics, but I wish you was an agriculturist,
or at least a sheep farmer !
The Supreme Court of this Kingdom ha3 been in
session all this week. An unusually large number of
foreign cases have gone before the jury, of which we
will give full accounts in our next.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE POLYNESIAN".
Sir: If large countries are more wealthy than
small ones, I suppose it is because their area is made
available for useful purposes. If you compare the
size of the British isles with the waste and wilder
ness mon arched over by the Hudson's Bay Com
pany, for instance, you cannot help confessing that
there is something more than mere extent of terri
tory necessary to make a people rich. I was led
to making this very trite remark by a notice that I
saw in the paper the other day to the effect that the
island of Kahoolawe has been leased and is about
to be converted into a sheep station. Every body
here knows that Kahoolawe has hitherto been about
as useless a tract of land as one can well imagine.
It used to be a penal settlement, and no doubt the
conviets enjoyed there as much ease and freedom
irom both surveillance and labor as their hearts
could wish. I have heard that the late Kinimaka
had a fine time of it. He was a native of some 'little
rank an 1 bad his own dependents who used to swim
from the shores of Maui and take him what he want
ed to make his banishment . entirely agreeable. I
have also heard that one George Morgan was the
last convict ever placed there, and that one or two
iemales used to render passable that utter solitude
which is never so well enjoyed as in agreeable com
pany. George used to hunt the wild hogs and cul
tivate a little patch of land. I believe he used, al
so, to back down his drinking water from some con
siderable distance. He was a shoemaker by trade,
and if, as many followers of Crispin have been, he
1 LL PERSONS IN ANY WAY INTERESTED IN THE ESTATE
J of E. M- Rogers, late deceased, such ;ts next of kin, credi
tors or otherwise, are hereby notified to be and appear before
the Hon. G. M. Robertson, Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court, at lils chambers in the Court House, Honolulu, on Wednes
day, the2Sth day of April hist., .at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, to
attend the final settlement of the accounts of G. P. Judd, Ad
ministrator upon the said estate, and shew cause if any they
have, why the accounts of the said G. P. Judd should not be pass
ed, and he be discharged from all further responsibilities in the
matter. WILLIAM HUMPHREYS,
Clerk Supreme Court,
Honolulu, April 9, 135S. 4-3t Pro tern.
PROPER APPLICATION HAYING BEEN MADE TO THE
Hon. G. M. Robertson, Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court, by C. H. Lewers, Administrator upon the Estate of W. II.
Stuart, deceased, for the appointment of a Guardian to Mary Stu
art, infant daughter of said W. H. Stuart : Notice is hereby given
to all persons whom it may concern, that Wednesday, the 21st
day of April inst., at 10 o'clock in the forenoon is a day and hour
appointed for hearing said application and all objections that
may be offered thereto, at the Court House in the town of Hono
lulu. WILLIAM HUMPHREYS,
Clerk Supreme Court,
Honolulu, April S, 1S53. 42t Pro tern.
PROPER APPLICATION HAVING BEEN MADE TO THE
Hon. G. M. Robertson, Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court; by James I. Dowsett, of Honolulu, for the appointment of
a Guardian to take charge of the person and estate of William
Tate, lately residing at Honolulu, Island or Oahu, on the ground
that the said William Tate is insane, and incapable of taking
care of himself or his estate : Notice is hereby given to all per
sons whom it may concern, that Saturday, the 24th day of April
inst., at 10 o'clock in the forenoon is a day and hour appointed
for hearing said application and all objections that may be offer
ed thereto at the Court House in the town Honolulu.
Clerk Supreme Court,
Honolulu, April 3, 1853. 49-3t pro Urn.
HONOLULU PRICES CURRENT
CORRECTED WEEKI.T BT
J C . Sl'ALDLVGi
COMMISSION MERCHANT AVD IMFOIITEB, HONOLULU, H. 1.
APPLICATION HAVING BEEN MADE TO THE nON. ELIS1IA
II Allen, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, by the Hon.
John Ii, for the final settlement of his accounts as Guardian of
John Pitt Kinau, and discharge from all further duties and
responsibilities in the matter ; as also by John. Pitt Kinau for the
appointment of a fresh Guardian. Notice is hereby given to all
persons whom it may concern, that Thursday, the 15th day of
April next, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, is a day and hour ap
pointed for hearing the application of sa-d parties and all objec
tions that may be offered thereto, at the Court House in the town
Honolulu. WILLIAM HUMPHREYS,
uonoiuju, aiarcn 30, liSS. cierk of Supreme Court.
Honolulu, April 9, lc58
The quotations in the following prices current are the
wholesale prices of first class articles of all descriptions,
Sales are mostly made lor cash, or on short credits, lor most
articles, with ?iie exception ot dry goods, which are ordinarily
sold at ii (a 4 months credit.
Duties payable in coin, 5 cent, ad valorem on all wares
and merchandise, excepting Liquors Un Liquors as loliows .
UraitdyItuni, Gin, Whisky, Arrack, and distilled spirits not
exceeding oo pt-rcent. ot alcoliol, ' gallon.
Wines, Cordials and Liqueurs of all descriptions, other th?n
Clarrt, not exceeding 27 f cent, of alcohol, si & gallon.
Claret Wines, Ale Porter, lieer. Cider, and all other fet
inented liquors, cordiais and liqueurs, not exceeding 15 cent.
of alcohol, 5 per cent, ad valorem.
Distilled spirits. nies of all descriptions, Ale, Toner, ueer,
Cider, and all other fermeno d liquors, cordials an 1 liqueurs
exceeding 55 cent, of alcohol, 10 gallon.
PORT CHARGES ON MERCHANT SHIPS.
Pilotage, One Dollar per foot of draft of water, (in and out of
Entry, Permit, Inward Manifest, Ac, 50 cents each.
Towage, $3.) to $4J, Kealth Certificate $1, Buoys j- Harbor
Master's fee 3, Clearance $1.
RATES OF COMMISSION ,
As established by the Honolulu Chamber ot Commerce 1850,
and winch are at present usual :
5 per cent.
On the sale of merchandise,
" " or purchase of specie,
guarantee of sales, 2
On remitiauce on account of sales 2i
On adjusting and collection ot insurance losses 5
On surwy of hatches and stowage of ship,..
" " of a ship for repairs, each survey,. $1G
On procuring freight, 5 percent.
On outfits and disbursements, 'J "
Storage, 2 per cent, on gross amount of sales.
Letters of credit on London, 5(.7i prcent.
" " .New York, 57i prcent.
To the United States and Europe, usual rates :
Oil, 8 cents eal.
Whalebone, li " i t.
Hides, li "
Goat skins, 3 each.
For old Copper, &.c, 1 " B.
For measurement Goods, $10 rt? ton.
The above rates are subject to arrangement when large quan
tities are going forward.
To California $S , $10 l ton measurement.
To China and East indies none offering.
Exchange Am. Whalers' Exchange, par.
Sterling Exchange none.
Anchors, new, lb,
" Second hand,
Men's fine Boots, per pair......
call sewed, per pair, ....
coirse Brogans, per pair,,
fine Calf do. "
.. (ID.. JO
6 &.. 8
.. 6625 ..
,66 7 ..
66 6 ..
.. .. (a) 1 40
.. .. 66 1 7 5
3 50 (ii) 4
" Gaiters and Congress Ties,
Navy, (a).. 9
Pilot, fa.. 10
Hawaiian . (a).. '2
Caudles. tf" lb
Adamantine, (a).. 28
Sperm, none offered.
Chain, new, lb, stock large, 6 .. 7
" Secondhand, no inquiry.
Cigars with little inquiry.
Manila cheroots, .No. 2, 14 .. (al t ..
" ' itavanua shaped, 1G .. t13 ..
Cordage, ? lb
American, (a).. It
Manila 15 66..
Dolt Hope Co)..
hale Line 60..
Coal, ? ton,
Brown Sheetings, ice. 30 in. pr yd 66.. 8
do do ;i7 do (li,.. 10
do do . 37 in. stout, pr yd (a).. 10
Bleached Sheetings, 08 in. pr yd 60.. 8
do do 33a37 do 60.. 10
Madapolams, (a).. 7.
Drills,-30 in. bro pryd II 66.. 12
do 28 in. bchd,pr yd 66.. 11
do 28 in. blue, pryd U66.. 12
.. (a).. 11
11 (c0.. 16
.. 66.. 12
20 .. 25
13 (a).. Hi
.. 66.. 13
Jeans, 28 in. brown, pryd
do 28 in. blend do
Denims, pr yd
Ticks, pr yd
Ginghams, pr yd
English 4-4 Prints, pr yd
American 25 iu. Merrimac,2 Mue, pr yd ....
do Pinks, do ....
Muslins, pryd French 3G in 66
do English co (a. ..
Duck, American Cotton, lalO pr jd 66.. 28
Deliruisgins, pr piece, 6i'l8 .
Eight Havens, fa) 9 ..
Heavy do 6li ..
Salmon, pickled, per bbl 6H ..
Flour Quantity limited.
Haxall and Gallego 16 .. 08 ..
Fruits with but t-licht inquiry
Dried Apples, lb,
Prunes, lb, . ..
Raisins, ? hex, best layer, ....
Pie Fruits, Eng., qts., f doz., .
66 G ..
66 5 50
66 4 25
Oats, ..... ,
Corn, sound yellow,
(2 u u ay Bags
Gunpowder keg ,
Sporting Powder, fo ,
A heavy stock and little inquiry.
Nails, from 4d to I2d, ass'd
Collin's Axes, per doz., handl'd,
Hides, per lb, salted,
Goat Skins, each, for large skins,
Hops V lb
Lumber-prices asked by regular dealers,
Oregou, per M., cargo sales boards 33
" " cantling, 30
White Pine, EaEtern4 75
Shingles, redwood, 7
Pickets, (4ft J M, .4
.. 66.. 13
.. 66.. 5
.. 6610 ..
.. 66.. 75
25 66.. CO
.. 60.. 12J
.. 66.. 3
.. 6ZV.5 ..
.. (32 50
50 66 8 ..
.. (TftlO ..
Clapboards, per M 80 ..
inline y uoi. ..................... ......... u
Molasses S I., .
Syrup, " m mm
Mustard i & bottles, per doz., 3
66 4 ..
(8 4 ..
Tar, tb bbl
Spirits Terpentine, gall
Boiled Linseed, -
Olive Oil, iu qts., perdoz.,
Oars, per ft., ................
Paints-Stock heavy and little inquiry.
White Lead, pure lb
do No I
Prussian Blue, lb
Preserres No inquiry.
Oysiers,2 lb, perdoz.j
Clams, " "
Pickles, Gherkins, J gL, doz
American Mess Pork,
Hawaiian cured Pork,
Hams, per lb, prime,
Jheese. best quality,
Beef, American mess,
" Hawaiian, for best quality, little inq..
Pulu, per lb,
Spirits - " -
iirandy, oarK aiarieii s, per gai,
light " "
Ordinary dark and pale brands,
Gin, best quality, per gal.,
" in qts., glass, per doz.,
Slonongahela Whisky, per gal.,
Sail. bbl., abundant,
V.- 8 .,
1 37 (co I 5.
b .. 66 8
.- sc.. 1j
.. 8 ,
.. 66 J
.. 66 6
.. .. (t 4
a 10 & a i
.. .. 60 2 (
3 50 ko 6 (
.. (d I :
. . . . 06 3 .
....&) 1 J
.. .. 66 1
" crushed, in hf. bbls.,
Gunpowder and Imperial,
Co 111 in on do., for ships' use,
Tobacco, W lb
I lb plug, m 18z20 lb boxes,
Fancy b'ds 5c com. Cavendish 8aI0 to theft,.
Fine Sherries, per gal.,
Claret, per doz.-,
Port, J doz, ,
" cider, ? doz,
.. .. (c0..
8 .. (i0..
.. .. (n, ..
.. (it .
.. 25 do.. 1
.. 37.. 1
.. 13 (i0.. 1
2 75 & 3 .
3 .. 60 8 .
.. .. ftU 1
1'2 M ftla i j31
.. - fcl-'ljtl
.. (it.. I I
Teh What-Cheer for San Francisco II M Whitney, IV 0w
Per Nil from Tahiti Mr Salm6n, Mr Rosenzweig.
Per Mithilde for Hong Kong Atong, Afat, G aiuong, Af
Apaug, Ahoo, Chunung, Tonkit, Koewang.
Per Emma for Portland, O. T. E A Burns, S L Booth,
Brackman, W Btsse, Samuel Mitchell, H Klattohhoop, J IIou;
tree, S C Kinney, W Brown, W Smith, II G O Robinson, Mrs I
met .and daughter.
PORT OF HONOLULU.
Apr. 2 Am wh sli Eenj Morgan, Sisson, 17 mos,30sp,!M0
i. C I L. 1 It'll? . -! mm .
namuier, 11 1111s, 10 mo, mou wu, wiiii
John Wells. W oodbriiice. (I urns, lit)
Christopher Mitchell. Manchester. 19 ul
wr. . " ' ' tl
Sp, 6DU Wll.
Haw. schr Moi Kieki, from Kahului.
" Kinoole, troni Kona.
4 " Kauioi, from Lahaina.
" Maria, from Maui.
5 Am wli bk Baltic, Broiison, 30 mos, BO ?p, 1450
" sh Adeline Gibbs, Withnngton, ti nu.sli
Fr " Nil, Grandsaigne, 20 mos, 100 sp, 340
6 Am wh bk Delaware, Ken worthy, 9 nios, ICO sp,
wh, from New Zealand.
7 Am wh bk Black Warrior, Brown, 11 mos, 19 sp,
wh, from Bartholomew Bay.
Am wh sh Draper, Sanford, 32 months.
' William Wirt, Osborne, 17$ mos, 30
800 wh, from New Zealand.
Haw schr Alice, from Kona.
8 Haw sch Warwick, from Nawiliwili.
9 Am wli sh Omega, Whalon, CJ mos, GO pp.
Apr 1 Kamoi, for Labaina.
2 Brighton, Tucker, cruise.
3 Rambler, Willis, cruise.
John Wells, Woodfcridce, cruise.
William &. Henry, Grinned, cruise.
What Cheer, baker, San Francisco.
5 Mathilde, Claussen, Hongkong.
Splendid, Pierson. cruise.
W arrcn. Huntley, cruise.
Benj Morgan, Sisson, cruise.
Adi line Gibbs, Withrington, cruise.
6 Nil, Grandsaigne, cruise.
Emma, Bennett, Portland, O. T.
Kam..i, for Lahaina; Kalama, for Nawiliv.ili;
Keiki, for Kahului; Kinoole, for Kona.
7 P'lorida, Fish, cruise.
Baltic, Bronson. cruise.
Christopher Mitchell, Manchester, cruise.
Draper, San lord, cruise.
William Wrirt, Osborne, cruise.
Per W nAT-CiiEER for San Francisco 103 pfcgs sufrar.
Per Emma for Portland, O. T. M tons salt, 31-' bags d
half brls sugar, 130 do molasses, 4S bags coffee, 3 do arruwru
Per Matuii.de for Homr Koce 2dJ tksrs beef, -To bags b
31 demijohns pearl barly, bOO sacks flour, 5 dozen gi:i.
PORT OF LAHAINA.
March 31 Am wh eh Dromo, May, New London, 13 mos, U
100 wh, fm Tombez.
April 1 Am wh bk Hercules, Atheron, New Bedford, 1
2 Am wh bk Dromo, Cole, Warren, clean.
Am wh sh George & Susan, Jones, New Bedford, 6 :
3 Am wh sh Hibernia, Booker, 6 mos, clean.
6 Am wh sh George Washington, Brightman, Ware!
6 mos, 70 sp.
March 29 Marcia, Billings, Kodiack.
Gay Head, Lowens, cruise
31 Brighton, Tucker, Ochotsk.
America, Bryant, cruise.
April 1 Christopher Mitchell, Manchester, crake.
Hercules, Atheron, Kodiack.
2 Dromo, May, cruise.
George k Susan, Jones, cruise.
4 Baltic, Bronson, Honolulu.
1 Java, Lawrence, cruise.
8 Dromo, Cole, Ochotsk.
Hibernia, Andrews, Ochotsk.
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