Newspaper Page Text
HONOLULU, MAY 15, 1858
OL. No. 2. XV. itljc $olmicsiau; Pnblislied Weekly at Honolulu, Oahn, H. L CHARLES CORUOX HOPKINS, Editar. BUSINESS CARDS. W. A. ALDKICII, Importer & Dealer in General Merchandise, Haaalala, Oaba, S. 1. Island Produce bought and old. Agent for the sale ot Die products of the Lihue Plantation, li-tf 41 WILLIAM BEADLE, FARRIER & GENERAL BLACKSMITH. - Mariae Street, pwile the Flor Mill. y!!' W. B. trusts that Lis long experience and his skill in borse- . shoeing, for wtiicli le cau refer to a lar;e number of gentle - i. mtn resident ii. Honolulu, frill ensure ion a share of public patronage. 6i-if. m CHARLES ItKEHKR, 5 COMMISSI OS MERCHANT, liemlaa. C. S. 35 tf 'tJ-Seferto Maaas, Athj A. Co. and R.W.Wood. .4 . C. BREWER 2J, ' CEXERiL COMMIIOX MERCHANT, I Haaalala. Oaka, S. I. tleaey advanced an favorable terms for Billsof Excbangcoa tbe United Slates, England. or Fraare. 35-11 :t J AS. A. BURDICX, COOPER and GAINER, it ta inform bis friend and the Public r eoerally, that b -". has reoKemenred til Coopering Bunistw u bis old -i aland, in rear of Mr. H. Rhodes' pint flora, o posits "I. Air. Monsarrai's Auction Room, on KaahuiuMi.u streit and respertlully solicits a share of the public patronage . - All orders proM.pt y attended to. tl-tl i sta'u .ctmi. anas t. coos. CASTLE & COOKE, Importers & Wholesale and Retail Dealers - in General Merchandise. 4 45 Ajc-al for Dr. Jarne's Mediriaca. At the old stand, corner of King aud School street, near the large Stone Church. XVU G.CLARK, DEADER IN DRY AND FANCY GOODS, HOTEL STREET. Jf. B. Constantly on hand, a large and (elect assortment f fancy Goods and Trimmings. 2?-tf J. I". COLBURN, AUCTIONEER, Honolulu, Oak... -5 7-tf ...j DICKINSON TYPE FOUNDRY. r HELPS S; D ALTON. Bostox. L. P. Fisher, Agent, : : San Francisco. .-1 Orders solicited for Type, Leads, Rules, A;c 26-tf la, B. W. FIELD, COZZIVXZSSIOI7 IVTEIICHAIIT, Haaalaia, Oaka, S. I. tf permission he refer I K. F. trsaw. Honoluln. , ft C. W. CaatwaiuMT, Bostaa ; Prcnitnt Jfonaoc- tarsra aaanaace Ca. - H. A. Pciacc, Boston. Triavia, Rica c Co., Boston. 7 Eowaaa Mott Koimios, New Bedford. - Joan W. BaasiTT aV Poss, Nantucket. P? Papains at EfaiTW, Aew London. f2-tf , iU V. FISCHER, f. Cabinet Maker and Trench Polisher, ITotrl Street, appoaite Ike Cavrraaarat llaaar. D. N. FLITNER, CONTINUES bit old business at the new store in Maaee's new fire proof building, corner of Queen and Kaanuman street. Cbroaomeu rs Rated by olwervations of the sun and stars sritb a transit instrument accurately adj-isted to the Meridian of Honolulu. Particular atten tion given to fine watch repairing. Reliant and Si. Uiadraut tlasee silver-o ano aajusiea iiwn and Nautical instruments constauily on baud and :Vr; for sale. 28-tf X,, Dlt. FORD'S Oflj,ce aad Drag Stare, Q.aeea Street, near tke 1 j. Market Eilp' Mediciae Chests retltted aart Prescriptions carefully L prepared under the aupervisioa of LAMiHERXE Hoi, cold. tim. shower and medicated Baths, at all hours. ""le-tf A GILLIAN A CO.. ' Ship Chandlers and General Agents, Labaiaa, Maai. S. I. 'f hips supplied with RECRUITS, STORAGE and MONET. ' -tf JOSEPH P. ORIS W OLD, Altarary at Law. Office Kaafcaaaaaa Street HONOLULU, OAHU. 26-tf ftl CIIAS. F. GUILLOU, UTE SURGEON UNITED STATES NAVT 4.av Caaaalar Pkyaiciaa ta Sick Aasericaa Seaaaea. '&3T f Vace, at Dr. K aad'a ataaaiaa, Uottl ttntt. fy Office boors from 10 A. M. to 2 P. M., aad from 4 to 5 P. Ai. at other hour enautre at resilience. 2C-tf J ' II. IIACKFELD & C:0., General Commission Agents & Ship Chandlers Tir Haaalala, Oaka, II. I. 3-,f E. HOFFMANN, - Physician and SutjeoB, a- . . ... .i - rh. m, knH mwnmw Af CihumiM aad 1 t-Curea !., Make a. Aatiiua'a f.lock. I Ml . S. HOFFMEYER. COMMISSION MERCHANT, rpler ia Skip Cfcaadlery aad Geaeral Mr- ekaodiae. LAIIAIN A, MAUI. H 1. 19 tf V a. row aoLT, c. t. aat-ca. .vvm . waTar ; Voa UULl X ubttHf General C o m am i s s i o a M e re h a n t s , ;-r ftaaainla.Oaka.S. I - - J i - - 1 " ' 4. . GEORGE G. HOWE, JLumber Merchant, LaaskerTard Ceraer af Qneea aad Xasaaa Sta tke Paackard Preaaiara. 34-tt Vj '"i Honolala Hcdical Hall. CORNER OF MERCHANT k. KAAUUMANU STREETS. tr DR. McKIBBEN, SURGEON, aVr, .Irregularly supplied with MEDICINE?, PERFUMERT, Ac, - r of the kesiqoalitv. Family Medicines and Prescriptions earetnlly prepared. Mediciae Chests eaamiaed aad re- - ' - fined on reasonable terms. AKendaac at the offic from 8 A. M. til!6P.M., oa week flavs, aid from 6 to 1 1 A. M. a Euadaya. At ether time at his resideace. Union street. 34-tf ROBERT C.J ANION. Merchant aad Comaiissea A.ent, Haaalala, Oaka, H. L 2-tf BUSINESS CARDS. tansr. a bull, idwim aoix. KRULL & MOLL, Importers and Commission Merchants, 18 Kaahamaau at.. Make at Aatbon' Block. tf J. W. MARSH, Attorney at Law Offic, Honolulu House, over Mr. Wbitaey'a Book star. 4i tf cut. c. naLCHras. cvst. bkirxbs. MELCIIERS A, CO., Commission Merchant and Ship Chandlers Haaalala, Oaka, S. I. StoeStor,eoroerof Kaahtiuiaau aad Merchantsta. Money advanced on favorable terms or Whaler's Ril:s or. the United States and Europe 3S-it T. mossma. T. Mossatan, . MOSSMAN A SON, Rakers, Grocers and Dealers in Dry Goods aaana Si. Haaalala, Oak. S. I. 35-tt. IS. Pi's iU Aft, Dealer ia Ship Chandlery and General Merchandise, Byraa'a Bay. Ilila. Hawaii. Shin supplied with general Recruits, Wood, tr., at the shortest notice, and mot reasonable terms in exebsnge tor bills or poods ailapted to the market. Wanted. Whaler's bill on the United State or Europe, tor winch money will be advanced on favorable term. . N B. Storage tor 3 or 4000 barrela taken at custoinar) rates 3 -tf. C. A. & II F. POOR, Importers V Commission Merchants, Haaalala. Oaha, SaadetKb lalaada. Island Produce of all kiads bought, sold, and taken iu ex change lor goods. J. RiTtoa. C. F. Ilaar. RITSON & II ART, f Sutct$trt la HE.VKY R O B JVS O A", J WHOLESALE WINE & SPIRIT DEALERS, JJ Faat af Kaahsuiaaa St. I tf GODFREY IUIODLS, VMOLSIALI BItlll ! WINES and SPIRITS. ALE and PORTER, 4 Xear th Paal-OAlce, IJoaalala. ftf tscaiw, iHroim C. P. SAMSING CO., DEALERS IU CHINA GOODS Haaalala, Oaha, II. I. gj- Oa hand and lor sal UUAR, MOL.ASSES, TEA and J tf i iir ri-.K. B. F. SNOW, Importer & Dealer in General Merchandise 45 HONOLULU, OAHU, II. I. tl J. C. SPALDING, COMMISSION MERCHANT A. IMPORTER, Haaalala.Oaba, H.I. WANTED Bills of Exchange on the V. States and Europe. Consignments from abroad promptly from abroad attended to, Island Produce ol all kinds taken n Goods. eichange for THOMAS SPENCER, Ship Chandlfr and Commission Merchant HONOLULU. OAHU, S. I. Ships aupplied with Refreshments, Provisions, Ac, at the shorret n.-tice, oa reasonable terms. balers' Bills wanted 4t- " CHARLES W. VIIICEMT, CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER. THE CNDER31GNED would inform b s friends and the public, t.i.1 lie n a reuiuVd h' n penter rhp to the premises on Fort strett, opp . ile the store ot C Brewer vnd, and would solicit m-i piro-.i ee hereiofora so lib erail ln-'- wed. Ailf rde.r in the various branches of Bnildin- , P. a is, Speciticitions and contracts attended to with proui utuens and dUpatcn. 33 tf CHARLES W. VINCENT. WM. WEBSTER, Land Agent to His Majesty. Ofllee la the King's Gardea, Brritaaia Street tf 4 GEORGE WILLIAMS, ACCOUNTANT AND CONVEYANCER, Haaalala, U. I. S9 tf J. WORTH, Dealer ia General Meichandise, Hila, Hawaii. !?hips supplied with Recruits at the ktif:rr-st notice, on reason able terms. Bills ol Exchange wanted. :a5 tf AGENT FOR LLOYD'S. THE UNDERSIGNED begt to notify to Merchants, Ship owners, and ShipniasU-rs,that he has received the appoint ment of At. ENT at these lAlaads for l.im',, I.ovdo. ROBERT C. J ANION. Honolulu. March 25tb, 1956. 47-tl AGENT FOR THE Liverpool Underwriters' Association. THE UNDERSIGNED begs to notify to Merchants, Ship owners and fliipruaxtere, that be baa received the appoint ment of AGENT at these islands for the Ltrtrpl Vmder wruer's AiStciAtM. ROBERT C. J ANION. Honolulu. March 2Mb 1848. 47-tf HONOLULU AGENCY Hamburg, Bremen, Fire Insurance Company. The undersigned have been appointed Aients for the above Company at this place, and are now prepared tu .usure risks against fire in and about Honolulu. Full particu lars may be obtained at the office of the and. rsigied. MtLCtlLKS 4c CO. Honolulu, Oct. 7, 1957. 23 U KRULL & MOLL, Agents of the Hamburg: and Lobeck Un derwriters, Haaalala. Oaka. S. The Northern Assurance Company, (Estab- nsaea iood.; I'OR FIRE and Life Assurance at home and j abroad. CAPITAL 4; 1,239,760 STERLING. The undersigned has been appointed Agent for the Sandwich Island. ROBERT CHESHIRE J ANION, June 16th, 18-56. 7-tf at Honolulu. A. F. & A. .Tl. HAWAIIAN LODGE NO. 21, F. t A. M. rTNDER THE jurisdiction ot the M. W.Gr. Lodge of California), bold its reenlar meetiars oa the first Monday of every month, in the third story of Mafcee at Antbon's brkfc b.uldinr, corner of Kaahamaaa ana uoeea streets, tniranre irom aaaaumaua street. Visiting brethren respextlully iavited. By order of W. M A. FORNANDER, S4 tf Secretary. A. F. & A. M. LE PROGRES DE L'iK'EANIE LODGE, So 194. under th InhsdictHm of the Snprrme Council of lb Grand Central Lodfe of Francs, workiag ia the aactenl Scotch Kite, holds iis Regnlar Meeting ua i lie crl Wedaevday nearest the full moon of every month. at the old Lodr Room in King Mreet. Visiting breihrea respecttully iavited to attend. By order of W. M. H. SEA, Aug. ltS.-16-tt Secrrtary. Honolulu Royal Arch Chapter, u NDER DISPENSATION OF THE GENERAL GRAND rhint.mf C a i tad states of America, will bold their Regnlar Meetings oa the third Thursday of every month, at the Hall of tb Lodge, l rrogr i wm, - Per order. U. P. Honolulu, 6di. 1 HOTELS &lC. COMMERCIAL HOTEL. HENRY MACFARLANE !c?s toacqnaim bisfriendaind gentlemen arriving in Honolulu, that his hotel will be found to possessevery requisite accommodation. Wines Spirits, Ate and Porter of superior quality. Su perior Billiard Tables and Bowling Alleys. Hot, cold and shower Hatha. Corner ot Beretauin and Nuuanu street. Honolulu, Sept. 21. 1653. Iv 19 NATIONAL HOTEL, Corner of Nuuanu and Hotel streets. THE UNDERSIGNED. Proprietor of I lie above establish ment, would inform his friends and the public, that with bis extensive stock of tb best brands of Wines ud Liquors, new Billiard saloon, Bowling Alley, and gentlemanly attend ants, nothing lell wanting for their comfort and amuse ment. Ifci-ly JOSEPH BOOTH. HOTEL De FRANCE. French Hotel. AiwaA lUlUK UllANUKKbL, Fropnetor, erT? 7 bes 10 inform hi friends and the public cenei al ly, that he haw made extensiveiiiiprovementsin his hotel premises, that he now h asaecom nida tions for parties of everv description. Also, at tached, a Billinrd Saloon, fitted up in superior style. Sleeping Rooms on the premim-a for families or siugle gentlemen The ar is supplied with the choicest wines and liquors, and the proprietor, grateful for l he liberal patronage heretofore eutend edtolnm, begs tnasKiirethe public that no pains will he spared to jjiveeuu re satisfaction to them and strange ts visiting Hon olulu. COLD ai d WARM BATHS. P.S Entrance by Forl.Hoteland Cuionsts. tf 12 The White Horse Hotel. "ITTM- PEARSON begs to ;i,form his friends aad the public generally, that he has made great improvement, on his premises, and thai lie has now every accommodation for Board ing and Lodgings. Rooms to be bad, furnUbed r unfurnished His Bar will be well supplied with the choicest Wines, Spirits a Hd Malt Liquors. The Proprietor hopes by strict attention to the wants of his customers to merit a share of public patronage. S3 tf LIBERTY HALL PUBLIC HOUSE Maunakea Street, the beslof Wine, Tin Liquors, Cigars dec on hand. A good UOVt LING ALLE V. attached to the premises. 17-tf JAMES DAVIS. HOTEL de FRANCE -LAHATN A, Formerly the Hawaiian Hotel. THE above old etahlihed and well known bouse has just been repaired atifJ fitted up in a style of superior elegance and iBMe, w men equal any noiei in in croup. Tbr Proprietor, Mr. Eugene Ital, solicits the patronage of his friend-, ind others visiting l.ahaiua. The t Me w ill be -.. I . .i ..I. ... . r. v.. . :n u - .upiic-u vitii iuv i.t in. inn i . i aiu'iuit idit.'. Mill u. neclerted to merit the esteem and good willot patrons. i-tl fcUGENt: BAL. HOUSES, LANDS, kC. Lands for Sale or Lease. PERSONS WISHINti TO PURCHASE OK LEASE LAND adapted for sheep farms, or for the cultivation of coffee or sugar, can hear of th same by apply iug to the uud:rsiKued, at the Interior Office. (45-titi S. SPENCER. TO LET. ?ryV Tin' n r; i r? a t w au I'Micrtt t kx- ! SlS 1.1.1. I.. U'l;.,n. 1 L',.. r.. I 'tLaaa ticulars apply at tlie offire of C. C. HAItKlt, 47-tf Or on tJie preuiises 13 GEO. WILLIAMS. CHAMBERS, TWO IN SUITE. 1 lO BF. LET EDEN CM AM HERS ON NUUANU ST. Rt-nt for every two rooms, $3o per month, avalile iu advance. 53- Apply to GEORGE WENTZEL. 2y-tl To Let, FOR A TERM OF FIVE YEARS OR MORE, ON reasonable terms, that poninn or LOT OF LAND, eitiiaied on Waikiki PUin (adjoiui. g Ihe lol on Thi maa Square), and belonging, in lee simple, to Mr. Joseph iienry Ray. For terms sn I other particulars, apply by letter addressed In MR. JOSEPH HKRY RAY, or his Atton.ey, care of the Post natter, Honolulu. 2 tf For Sale or to Let ! yi THE DWELLING PREMISES FORMERLY BE- lonirinz to Ruht. G. Davis, situated between Dr.Woou's - ' l . .4 l ' O lti.k..itl. iJ....! T.rm. 9.u li.r.lv t.i J tf AsUER B BATtS. Cottage to Let .i&X TO LET THE HOUSE NOW OCCUPIED BY iiiaM Thoni.is Brown, in Nuuanu Valley, makai of the ' ! residence f E. O Register Olhce, May S. HalL 52 tf R OOM3 TO LET FROM $1 PER WEEK. APPLY to 52 tf S. JOHNSON, House Carpenter. TO LET SLEEPING ROOMS. ENQUIRE OF MR. lit X HUM 1PHKEVS, Garden street. To be Sold or Let LARGE AND i OMMOIJIOUS RESIDENCE IN tx Nuuanu Valley, about a mile and a hall from town. Terms moderate. Appl) to W. L. GREEN. 6 tf To Lease. -JTORE LOTS ON FORT STREET, BETWEEN KING 3 and Hotel streets. Enquire of A. J. CAR1 V RIGHT. 52 tl WINES AND SPIRITS, TUST RECEIVED AND FOR SALE BV J. C. SPALDING, THE following choice assortment ex ELIZA tt ELLA and FAX SYMAJOk: Cases 1 doxen each, superior Brown Sherry. . m ii o Pale Octave " Quarter ca.ks Duff Gordon Case old dry Port Wine. " Chainpague, 1 doieo each. BaskeU 1 " - Puncheons old Jamaica Rum. Bids. Octaves Otard. Dnpuy k Co's Brandy. Quarter casks J. A K. kartell's u Octaves pare Bowor'sWbiskey. Case 1 dot. each " " Kegs Monongehela Whiskey, 10 gals. each, ii j5 Bbls. BouHn Cases Boker's Bitters. Krg American Brandy, 1 gals: each. Cases quarts and pints Wolfe's Schiedam Schnapps. Casks of Jeffries' Edinburgh strong Ale in stone jug. For sale at the lowest market prices. Honolulu, March 12ih, lsfrt. 4 -tf Notice. THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING BEEN APPOINTED GUAR. DIANs of tlie person and property of William C. Lunalilo sou of Charles Kanxitia, of Honolulu, hereby give notice to all persons ind-btea to him to make immediate payment : and' all person having claims attaint the same are hereby requested to present the same to J. . Austin, Honolulu. J. W. ATSTIN. R. AKMSTKOXG, C. KANA1XA. Honolulu, Feb. 23, l&S. 43-tf Notice. THE UNDERSIGNED, GUARDIANS OP THE PERSON AND 1 property of William C. Lunalilo, son of C. Kanaina, ef Hoc olulu, hereby forbid any person trusting the maul W. C. Ijinaiilo ; as from this date w abail pay no debta contracted by him. J. W. AUSTIN, R. ARMSTRONG, C KANAINA. Honolulu, Feb. 52, 153. 43tf Storage t JTORAGB IOC 5 light goods, on 1 tf 400 TO 500 TONS. HEAVY OR b. piir'eaf the undersigned. B. F. SNO VT. REAL GENEVA FOR SALE AT THE HUDSON'S BAY Company' Store ia q mntitie from five gallon;and up wards, at moderate prices, FOR CASH. JS-tf. ZillrlH ! BRICKS ! THE UNDERSIGNED BEGS TO INFORM IMS FRIENDS aad the public that he bas na hand a quantity of Linn aad Bricks, also Kaolia tor fire bricks, which be offers tor sal, ia small or large lots, at his store ia the rear of Sir Emmert's Paint bop, op posits tb city Market, Kiag street. 23 tf GEORGE THOMAS. Administrator't Notice. THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING BEEN APPOTXTTD Adminis trator, with the Will annexed, of the Estate of Stephen Rey nolds, late of Honolulu, deceased, hereby gives notice to aQ per ooshaving demand against the said Estate, to present the same, and all persona indebted to tb aam, ar herebr requested to sake Immediate payment,- . . JAMES W. AUSTIN, Honolulu, Jan, M, I s5S.-4S.tf 'Administrator. f , a. a ljc J3oliiuc0tau. What to do with Dead Letters. Daring the last quarter, $12,65G was received in about 2,200 letters at the Dead Letter Office. Not quite $50,0U0 a year is penerallj received in about 10,000 letters, or about on an average $5 a letter. Of this it is calculated that nine-tenths are returned to the sender. So far good. It nr.iy also be mentioned that there is no other country on the globe where so much care is taken that ev ery letter sent shall reach its destination. The custom of advertising letters, and taking real pains to find out the person to whom the It-tier is ad dressed, and send it alter him if he has removed, is not practised in Europe as it is here. But in other countries there is more effi rt made, even when there is no money enclosed, to restore the letter to the writer, if the addressed party can not be found, so that he may know that his c.mii uiunication lias faikni, and take otiier means to reach his correspondent. In this respect there is a serious defect in our post office system. The plan here pursued is as follows : Every p-ist mas ter, once a quarter, returns all the letters tor winch he can find no claimant, to the Department at1 Washington. A confidential clerk breaks the seal of all tiiese, and opens them, but does not read a line. He nitnply ascertains if there is anything in them. If there is not, they are without further trouble packed nwny for burning, and all consum ed by fire in an oven prepared on pur os, so that nothing shall escape. If, however, there is any sum of money or any valuable, however trifling, the letter an I contents are h.-inded over to another clerk, who simply examines the name and address, and then enclotes the whole bnck to the writer. If the writer cannot lie ibund, the letter is then carefully preserved for years, until every chance of its being reclaimed has died away. It is impossible not to admire the scrupulous delicacy winch characterizes our post othce law s, in abstaining from authorising the perusal of a sealed letter under any circumstance.', except as the last resort to restore a valuable letter to its rightful own er. All over Europe, each government makes a terrible use of the post offices, occaxionally, as one of the most effective engines of its police. In France the government continually opens the cot respendenee of susjected pnriies.and very ingeniuun are their methods of'eo sealing up the letters again that the u.-cted party k hull never be aware that his correspondence has been tampered with When a wafer has been used, the hot steum of a tea-kettle, properly applied, will sd'ten it Self-seal ing en.clops are yet more readily opened. But where wax is employed, a small pioce of smooth lead is laid over it, and a sudden blow iven with a mul let. This destroys the sealing wax, hut makes so perfect an impression of it on Ihe lead that it can at any time afterwards !e used as a seal, and will stamp new wax perfectly. A gentleman whose family were for many years connected with the se crets of the Frei ch Government, showed us the whole process ot this, and assured us it was quite customary for the Government to seud down an order for every letter directed to such and such a person from such another place, to lie oened, read, and if of importance, a copy made of it, while the original is forwarded to its unsuspecting recipient. Even in England the same thing has been done, though not to the same extent. In criminal cases information has thus been obtained. Several years ago a man was hung for forgery whose address was thus ascertained from a letter be had mailed to his wife. Even foreign political conspiracies have been ferreted out by opening the letters of refugees as they passed through the pout office. Nothing, therefore, can be more proper in this land of liberty, than that the sacred nessof the seal of every letter should be guarded most carefully. It is a bulwark of liberty that is thus defended. And yet it would, we are convinced, be a very great im provement if the measures which are taken to re store money letters, and which are successful in nine cases out of ten, were also adopted in regard to all other sealed letters. That is to say, let the name and address simply be taken, and the letter restored to the wtiter. The trouble and cost would be something, but the good done to the community would of ten lie a hundred times more than the cost Nine Inters out of ten uii.-ht be of no iinjirtance, but the tenth might be priceless. No man now feels certain that bis letter reaches its destination unless he receives an answer. But in the other case, such one would le sure that his letter was deliver ed, if he did not ultimately receive it hack again. It would often enable a erson years afterwards to prove that be bad fulfilled the dictates of friend ship and duty, or the directions of a correspondent. Many a false plea and ainful suspicion would thus he averted. The post office, for its own sake, ought to be able to account for every letter put into its charge as nearly as possible, but this wholesale destruc tion of correspondence is the death of such accoun tability the death of a vast amount of intellectu al and moral life the death of many friendships and confidences, and even the cause- of alterations that no time will remove. Phila. Ltdgtr. Sugar New Mode of Manufacture. Some new processes have been introduced in th? manufacture of saar. It is well known that the juice, when expelled from the cane, is unavoid ably mixed with numberless minute fragments of cellular tisjtie, albumen, and other extraneous matters, which, if not speedily removed, tend to produce the acid ificht inn ot the liquid. The usual niodo of defecation and filtration consists in rais ing the temperature of the liquor to one hundred and fifty degrees Fahrenheit, when a quantity of lime is thrown in for the purpose of neutralizing the free acid, and assisting in the coagulation of the albumen; the temperature is increased to one hundred and eiglitv decrees, when, after allowing time for settling, the scum is removed, and the clear liquor drawn off into the grand" cupper, where it is subjected to hoi ing heat, when the fec ulent and other albuminous miUets are kept con stantly removed from its surface; the more cm pletely these impurities are removed, the greater will be the brightness and value of the finished product. In the new process the juice is passed through a wire strainer direct from the spout of the mill into the clarifiers, where it is raised to boiling heat by the application of stea.n, at which temperature it is kept for about three minutes, by which time the whole of its albuminous constitu ents and feculent matters are coagulated and chem ically separated, but still remain mechanically mixed, and, in the form of lisrht fleck, pervade the entire bulk of the fluid. These substances are then effectually removed by a process similar to that which it employed in the manufacture of paper. N. V. Ship. List. Spirit Rrppi.NO is Paris. All Paris Society is running wild after a certain Baron de Gotdeo tubbe and his sitter, who are said to equal, if they do not surpass, Mr. Hume in the influence they possess over the spirits of the air, and in the facil ity, frequency, and marvellousnesa of their com mu mentions with them. It seems that 'Red Gaunt let' reveals to them, by means of direct writings, t host of startling events, prophecies, &c.,; and. in short, the mind is more than overturn in tba" direction in Paris. Among other miracle-workers is a Moldavian prince whose magnetic powers are such that be has only to present s flower to any one ta subject tbero instantly to bis influence. Mara Gala Disgiax. Westward bo !" was the catch word of emi gration until it reached the Pacific shores of the North American continent, but there the discovery of the gold fields gave to the movement a to the right face !" direction, and northward seta the hu man tide, over Oregon and Washington Territories, and deep into the unexplored recesses of the In dian and the otter. The news from the Colville mines are followed by the news of the Suswap J'gSng9 ard it is possible that the bright " lead" is only quenched in the Arctic waves. We quote the following upon the newly discov ered gold fields, from the Pioneer and Democrat, Olyrapia, W. T.: From the representation of the geography of the country where the gold was procured, below re ferred to, we are led to believe that it was taken from the neighborhood of the diggings of which we made mention last week, as having been recently discovered, and which bad created much excite ment on Vancouver's Island. We have learned nothing further from that direction since our last, but are told that two considerable parties have started for the reported gold region from Belling ham Bay, aud that nearly all the hands employed by Col. Fitzhugh in bis coal mine, hud taken their departure thither. Also, that a number had left Whidby's Island, Port Townsend, Port Gamble, etc., for the same destination. The Standard says : From Mr. Isaacs, an intelligent gentleman liv ing at the Dalles, we gather highly interesting in formation from the gold diggings north, which we present below in almost bis own words. A gentle man direct from the Suswap mines, who was in town on Saturday, showed us some dozen ounces ef the gold dug by himself and another, and it was as handsome a parcel of gold ss we remember ever to have seen ! Wm. Peon and Antoine Plant, two half-breeds, residents of the Colville valley, arrived at the Dalles a short time since, with about fifty ounces of coarse gold, which they stated they had procur ed in the Suswap county, w hich is about 350 miles north-west of Colville. and 400 miUs due north from the Dalles. The Suswap country comprises the streams emptying into Thompson's River from the sooth. Thompson's River is a tributary of r razors Kiver. Ihey had about as much more dust which they had disposed of to Mr. McDonald, in charge of the Hudson Bay Company's store. Fort Colville. They represent the Indians as quite hostile to Americans, and would not advise any to venture into the country, unless in large parties fifty at least well armed. "The gold they washed principally from the banks of the river, and it was very abundant, wherever there was earth to bold it. The country is rocky and mouutainous in the extreme, with a scarcity of grass. " They ulso brought information which they say was derived from Mr. McDonald, and since con firmed by a later arrival, of the success of the mi ners at Colville. The winter having been unusu ally mild, with very little snow or rain, all the streams have reen very low, thus enabling them to reach the bed rock without labor. A Mr. Sullivan, formerly from California, took from the Pend d'Ori- elle river, near its mouth, some sixty ounces in a few days. Heretofore they have only washed the surface earth, say from ten to twelve inches in depth, below which was sand not containing gold. The existence of large deposits upon the bed rock, is now demonstrated beyond doubt, and we may look for encouraging returns during the summer' The Race Coarse of Life. Nothing strikes one more, in the race of life, '.ban to see bow many give out in the first part of t! e course. 'Commencement day" always reminds me of the sLart for the " Derby," when" the beau tiful high-bred three year obis of tho season are brought up for trial. That day is the start, and life is the race. II -re we are at Cambridge, and a class is just " graduating." Poor Harry! he was to have been there too, but he has paid the forfeit : step out here into the grass back of the chuich; ah ! there it is: " HCNC LAPIDEJf roSVERrNT SOCIl MOSRENTES." But this is the start, and here they are coats bright as silk, and manes us smooth as taxi lustraie can make them. Some of the best of the colts are pranced round, a few minutes each, to show their paces. What is that old gentlemen crying about? mdthe old lady beside him, and the three girls, all covering their eyes for? Oh, that is their colt that has just been trotted up on the stage. Do they really think tnoso little thin legs can do any thing in such a slashing sweepstakes as is coming off in these next forty years? Oh, this terrible gift of second-sight that comes to some of us when we begin to look through the silvered rings of the arcus senilis ! Ten yrars gone. First turn in the race. A few broken down ; two or three bolted. Several show in advance of the ruck. Cack, a black colt, seems to he ahead of the rest ; those bl ick colts commonly get the start, I have noticed, of the oth ers, in the first quarter. Meteor has pulled up. Twenty years. . Second corner turned. Cassoci has dropped from the front, and Judex, an iron grey has the load. But look ! how they have thin ned out ! Down H it five six bow many ? They lie still enough ! they will not get up again in this race, be very sure. And the rest of them, what a tailing off!" Any body can see who is going to win ierhaps. Thirty year! Third comer turned. Dices, bright sorrel, ridden by a fellow in a yellow j ck et, begins to nuke play fast; is getting to fie the favorite with many. But who is that other one that bas been l.ngtbening bis stride from the first, and now shows up close to the front? Don't you remember the quiet brown colt Asteroid, with the star in his forehead ! That is he ; be is one of the sort that lasts, look out for him ! ' The black 'colt,' as we used to call him. is in the "background, tak ing it easy in a gentle trot. There is one they used to call The Filly, on account of a certain fem inine air he had ; well up you sco ; the filly is Dot to deepl-ed UiT lxy. Forty yrars. More dropping off but places much as before. Fifty years. Race over. All that are on the course are coming in at a walk ; no more running. Who is ahead ? Ahead ? What ! and the winning poet a slab of white or grey stone standing out from that turf a here there is no more j-ickeying or straining for victory ! Well, the world marks their places in its betting-book ; hut be sure that these matter very little, if they have run as well as they know how ! Atlantic Monthly. A Girl's Lire Saved bt Crinoline. An ele gantly dressed younjj lady, only seventeen years of age, was, on Saturday, the 9th preserved from drowning by her crinoline garments. The silly zirl leaped from the balustrade of the bridge which spans tlie Serpentine river, in Hyde ParkLnnden. Vhen falling, her dress, which had a large hooped crinoline nndernea:b, expanded to its fi ll dimen sions, and she came upon the water like a balloon, where she floated for several minutes. A consta ble immediately procured a buoy belonging to the Royal Humane Society, which he threw out to her, and seizing it as she began to sink, ho was safel drawn to the cute. Xeatral Rifhts, or Free Trade. This subject is again being agitated in Congress ; ut from a cursory glance at the debates, it occurs us that some of the members of the congrega nt wisdom" do not take a comprehensive view of le subject, It is a rule, we believe, established y usage, that the enemies goods may be seized i a neutral bottom. This is by no means univer illy conceded, it is true. It is not, for instance, le custom of the French. It is disputed by other overnments, also, but still the weight of authority .ems to be in its favor ; and it is laid down by ttneofthe best Koglish and American writers, tut it is evident that if the rule be conceded, it ra vs after it the right of search ; otherwise it ould be wholly inoperative. In this way the reatest inconvenience arises to neutrals, who are .able to be overhauled by every cruiser they fall a with. Besides, the practice of search is made cover for all sorts of abuses, aod must inevitably ad to such losses, and excite so much irritation f feeling, as are incompatible with the tnainten nce of friendly relations between powers whose ruisers and marine are brought into 6uch disa Teeable relation. The right of search is only tted to be enforced by the strong on tbe weak, ' nd cannot otherwise be maintained. It is one gainst which the American Government has al vays protested, and, after full experience of its vils, successfully resisted. Lord Clarendon, one of the British Picnipoterj iaries to the Paris Couference last year, was st acked for the surrender of an ancient practice, vhicii it was said would involve disastrous coose iiences to the trade of Great Britain, and especi illy to her maritime interest and supremacy. It was asserted there, and it is again asserted, that he effects would be to throw the whole carrying trade of Great Britain, in time of war, into foreign neutral hands, on account of the security thus afforded from seizure, or the high rates of insur ance that woeld necessarily be charged on goods conveyed under the British flag. But, of course, this objection has no regard to the proposition of the late Secretary of State, Mr. Marcy, which, by giving absolute security to private properly afloat, would render the free ship, free goods," rule of no importance. It goes quite behind the principle embraced in that rule, and if adopted, would be a sufficient answer to all the arguments that bare been urged against the acknowledgment of neu tral rights by Great Britain. But Lord Clarendon did not want for other arguments to defend his coursa. His reply to the E-trl of Derby, and cth- .n nf Kta attaailanta waa hrhth lartip! mnA Kllf id. He (showed thit, though Great Britain had always claimed the right of seizing an enemy's goods found iu a neutral vessel, yet very frequently du ring the last three hundred years she had conceded the principle of free ships, free goods, ss a matter of treaty stipulation; and that, during much of the time, this bad been the habitual relation of the Country to some foreign nations ; also, during tbe Russian war, theriirht of seizure had been distinct ly waived, and notice to that enect naa been given to neutral powers. Lord Clarendon seemed to think that it was more than doubtful whether the old practice could ever be revived against a great maritime power, and if, ss the price of its concess ion, an exemption from the enployment of priva teers could be obtained a measure eminently fa vorable to British shipping interest it was cheap ly purchased. No doubt he waj right. He had a sharp eye to the interests of his countrymen; though, how he could ever hope for the United States to come into such sn arrangement, is more than we can understand. We sincerely hope that the Government of the United States will press tlie measure first proposed by that great statesman, whose voice is forever hushed. M r. Marcy can no longer forward it : let, then, Mr. Buchanan adopt it. Let man time war be assimilated to the practice on land. Tree, as lxrd Patmerston says, private property is not al ways respected on land, and any very uniform practice, in case of war cannot confidently ba looked for. But private property on land, and the persons of non-beiligerents, are usually respected. and such should ever be the rule, whether on land or tea. i.vrav iurm vaiyying jiji. Swearing. Trust not to the promise of a common swear er," said Francis Quarles in his Enchiridion, "for he that dare sin against his God for neither profit nor pleasure, will trespass against thee for bit own advantage. He that dare break the precepts of bid father, will easily be persuaded to violate the promise unto his brother." There is good common sense in this advice, and it would be well if it were acted on. There are no doubt, many great scoundrels who never swear, and perhaps a few men of otherwise good conduct who sometimes transgress the commandment; but of the common swearer" the man whose every other word is an oath, and cannot perform the most trivial or even disgraceful act without pro fanely invoking the name of the Supreme Being but little good can be said. He may be successful in business, shrewd in worldly den ling, and coura geous in facing danger ; but in qualities that make up tbe gentleman aud tbe christian, he is wofully der deficient. Take the man who is well read in good literature, who is agreeable to those in whose soci ety he is thrown, and whose name is but another word for honor and probity, and he will never be found one who " Unpacks hi heart with words, Aud fall, to cursing like a drab." Unhappily ton many of our young men think it a mark of good breeding and social dignity to in terlard their discourse with oatbs and curses, wish ing it to appear, says a quaint old writer, that they ure on familiar terms with the Ruler of tbe Uni verse, it they are not with the aristocracy of the land. How mistaken an idea this is may be seen by the dislike men of really good breeding evince to the society of these swearing pretenders.- Our rising generation, with the human failing of learn ing that w hich is bad before that which is good, are sadly tainted with the vice of profane twesring. He who doubts the fact has only to pass a group of boys at play in tlie street to be convinced. Nor it tbe practice confined to the children of tbe pour or the degraded. The well-dressed sons of the "better classes" are very apt to tie those who swear the loudeat and the most pertinaciously. Are the parents of such boys not aware tliat "bard swear ing" is frequently a pioneer to more flagrant vices and crimes? We wish those addicted to this vice would heed tbe advice of boly George nebera." Take not hi name, who made thy mouth, la vaia ; It gets thee nothing, and hath no excoe; Lust arid wine plead a pleasure, avarice gain ; But the cheap swearer, through his common sluice. Leu hi soul run for nought." JV. Y. Express. SctTKT Or THE BRITISH AaXaUCAX FRONTIER. An expedition to survey the Oregon boundary of the British possessions from Vancouver's Island to Lake Ontario across tbe Rocky Mountains has been organized, and was to sail on tbe lit of March for their destination, via Chagret, and across the Isth mus oC Panama, theoee by steam to the Golf of Georgia, where the expedition will commence it labors by tracing the 40tb degree of north latitude. The force consists of Lieutenant-Colonel Hawkins, R. E., chief commissioner.; Captain Haig, R. A., chief assistant, and 65 non-com uiisiioned o Seers of the Royal Engineers, who are surveyors, topo graphers, photographers, JLc., and 30 Hudson's Bay axmen. The expedition will probably rtqnira from three to four years to perform their ubcrious. and arduous service. jxm'