Newspaper Page Text
TEE POLY N ESI Ai.
SATURDAY, MAY 14, ISW.
ST We had intended the following remarks for
List week's issue of the Polynesian, but the crowd
ed state of our columns forbade their insertion.
We contend however for principles ad ungues, and
what we could not say lost week, we will endeavor
to make up this one.
In its review of the legislative session, our co
tetnporarj comes down upon the tyrojioseJ amend
ments of the liquor law with an emphasis and an
applomb that might mislead manj an unwary
reader who knew not the unenviable notoriety of
the journal in question. There is an honesty in
quoting the opinions of others, as well as in as
serting your own, in which our friend " across the
way" is lamentably deficient. Take the following
extract from its leading editorial of the 5th inst,
as an illustration :
The principal features of the proposed new
liquor law which has just been defeated, and upon
which the Ministry risKed what under any other con
stitutional monarchy would have been the possession
of their places have been repented!" put before the
public, but at the risk of repetition we will again
state them : j
1st. To allow natives as well as foreigners to take I
out wholesale and retail liquor licenses in Honolulu,
on payment of the usual license fees.
2d. To .Ucense the retail liquor traffic in La
haina. 3d. To open all parts of the kingdom to the liquor
traffic, and allow the unrestricted sale of liquors to
Those who know the history of the proceedings
of the Legislature do not need an assurance as to
the value of the Advertiser's representations ; or
to be told that they are wrong in their conception,
iu their inferences and in their pretended facts.
If the debates in the House of Nobles had been
read by this worthy scion of Holbein's political
crew, it could not possibly have stultified itself so
far upon the real merits of the case. Lat as we
will not insult even an opponent, or rellect upon
the gentlemen of the quill, by supposing that they
would write on a subject without previous infor
mation, we are reluctantly compelled to surmise
that our cotemporary is retained by the partisans
of the existing system of curing bad humors by
driving them into the body, instead of out on the
For the purpose of enabling the public to judge
of the Advertiser's accuracy, we quote that portion
of the Civil Code, in regard to liquor licenses, as it
came from the hands of the Joint Committee of
revision. The four sections which relate to this
subject are as follows :
Section 77. The Minister of the Interior may
grant to any person applying therefor, in writing, a
license to belt spirituous liquors at wholesale, lor the
term of one year : 1'rozidsd, alicays, that no such li
ceuse shall be granted for the sale ol spirituous
liquors at any other places than Honolulu and La
haina." ' Section 7S. The price of every such license
shall be one hundred dollars ; and the licensee shall
upon receiving his license give to the Minister of the
Interior a bond in the penal sum of liv-e hundred
dollars, with a sufficient surety or sureties to be ap
proved by the said Minister, conditioned that neither
he nor any one acting on his behalf will sell any
spirituous liquor at retail, that is to say in less quan
tities than live gallons, or in the original packages as
imported; that he will not sell or furnish any spir
ituous liquor to any subject of this kingdom; and
that in ali things he w ill well and truly comply with
the laws relating to the sale of spirituous liquors."
" Section 79. The Minister of the Interior may
grant to any person applying therelorin writing, a
license to sell spirituous liquors at retail for the term
of one year: J'ruvidrd always, that no such license
shall be granted to sell spirituous liquors at retail at
any other place than Honolulu and Lahaina, w ithin
the limits which may lrom time to time be prescrib
ed by the King in Privy Council."
" Skction 80. The price of every such license to
6ell spirituous liquors at retail shall be one thousand
dollars, and the licensee shall, upon receiving the li
cense, give to the Minister of the Interior a bond in
the penal sum of one thousand dollars, with suffi
cient sarety or sureties to be approved by said Min
ister, conditioned that he will not tell or furnish any
spirituous liquors to any subject of this kingdom ;
nor sell the same except in less quantities than live
gallons ; that he will not keep or suffer to be kept at
Lis place of business, a noisy or disorderly house ;
that he will not suffer women or prostitutes to as
semble together at his place of business or upon the
premises where such place of business is situated,
lor the purpose of dancing or for any other purpose ;
and that in ail things he will well and truly conform
to the terms of his license, and to the laws relating
to the sale of spirituous liquors."
The House of Nobles we believe unanimously
stood by these provisions, and it is for the country
to say whether they do or do not meet the exigen
cies of the Constitution. One thing however is
apparent : the Adotrliser is not supported in its
careless allegation that it was proposed " lo open
all parts of the kingdom to the liquor traffic, and al
low the unrestricted sale of liquor to naticts." Iie
tween our cotemporary and the record there is
clearly gulf which nothing but truth can bridge,
but unfortunately its timbers are too scarce on that
eide of the chasm.
It was the policy of the House of Nobles to vin
dicate the Constitution, to abide ty its require
ments, and to observe all its regulations. This,
all must admit, was a fair rule of legislation.
That House consented for the sake of consistency
to extend the prohibition of retail sales to all Ha
waiian subjects. Was this an attempt to force
liquor down the throats of the people ? Was this
allowing the unrestricted sale of spirits to natives?
On this point the Advertiser is disingenuous and
unfair, and prevaricates to the whole extent
of the question. This point the Constitution
clearly allows, and we do not 6ee how that other
journal, with all its bad habits and worse proclivi
ties, can well contend against it.
It is left for minds so perversely courageous as
our neighbor's to exult over the so called defeat of
the Ministry while in defence of the Constitution,
gober and serious minds will note in sadness and
dread the exercise of a power whether it comes
iron above or below that can annul the constitu
tional, inalienable rights of a citizen, either for its
own ulterior purposes or to subserve the restless
ambition or soothe the lingering 'ism of extra mu
If the Ministers have been defeated in the House
of Representatives, they have what may be more
than an equivalent satisfaction to know that they
are sustained by that public opinion which, out of
that House, can both appreciate the motives and
give credit to the resulu of a liberal government ;
a public opinion which the anti-liquor members
should, but did not, represent. And we leave it
for the Advertiser to say what fraction of the con
stituents were represented in the vote upon this
q jest ion.
THE PAST WEEK.
F3" We havt been informed that, owing to the hoop
ing-cough of the young Priuce of Hawaii, that part of
the reception on his birth-day, the 20th of May inst.,
as published in a previous number of this journal
which refers to the reception of" the children of about
his own age will be dispensed with. With this ex
ception, the Prince will receive the Diplomatic Corps at
11 o'clock A. M.; the Schools and Clergy of all de
nonmiiitions at" 11 o'clock A. M. , and the Honolulu
Rifles at 11! o'clock noon.
Hawaiian Catholic AsMM-tali
On Thursday evening last a cumber of gentlemen
of he Catholic persuasion, in this city, ratt together
at the Catholic school house in Fort street, and or
ganized themselves into a Society, under the above
title, for the purpose t.f effecting a system of volun
tary contributions toward the support of the ULshop
ana Clergy of that church.
What pleased us much at the meeting was the
absence of all cant and proselytism, and the straight
forward manner in which their benevolent object
was achieved, without looking to the right or the
left on the way.
His Ex. Mr. Gregg, Minister of Finance, was
elected President of the Association ; Mr. A. Ue
Sequeira, Vice President, Mr. G . Rhodes, Secretary
and Treasurer, and Messrs. Pico, O'Neiland Harvey
V. Knudsen, Esq., of Waimea, Kauai, has sent
us samples of his last yeai's vintage, the receipt
whereof we beg to acknowledge. We understand
that Mr. Knudsen had but a small lot planted last
year, but is preparing severil acres for planting
next fall. The wine which we received is of a dark
brown chestnut color, with a well denned but pleas
ant flavor, and a taste so purely of the grape as to
disarm at once the faintest suspicion that it had ever
passed through a vintner s menage.
It is mild to the palate with a subsequent
fullness, something between Port and Madeira. Its
peculiar adaptation as an atter-dinner wine will no
doubt make it a general f.ivorite as soon as a large
yield will warrant greater consumption. It is a trifle
sweet, either owing to its youth or to imperfect fer
mentation, but there is body to work upon, and the
next season's work will correct this, if it be an ob
jection at all. A pleasanter w ine as a lady's drink
is not easy to be got in this country a purer, never.
Now here is a practical illustration that grapes can
be cultivated by the acre in this country, ami wine
made that will compare with and surpass the best
imported. Here is a drink that might have filled the
jars at the wedding in 4 Cana of Galilee." Here is
what might give physical stamina to tottering
frames. Here is the antidote to rum, beer, and
the whole host of devils' admixtures, and yet
the legislators of the country, the would be moral
exponents of the nation, kick against its manufacture.
and with suicijal h in J seek to prevent it from per
forming its office of strengthening the healthy and in
vigorating the feeble by conttnuing a license of 50
for the privilege of manufacturing home-grown wine
for tale at all, and tabu it entirely to those who need
its sanitary properties more than anybody else !
We know that several gentlemen on Maui are pre
paring themselves to make wine by the quantity next
fall ; the Maui wine being lighter of color, little differ
ent in taste, but of nearly equal quality with this of
Kauai. And this wine uuder present laws cannot be
sold, furnished or given to a native born subject while
such poisons as beer and its cousiu3 are sold freely by
the gallon ! Truly of all absurdities in this world,
legislative absurdities are the most absurd.
We learn that the vine from which Mr. Knudsen's
vineyard springs was a will vine off the mountain,
that probably was, itself, a cutting from the garden of
the fate Rev. Mr. Whitney at Waimea.
Hurrah lor Hawaiian wine ! It is greatly to be re
gretted that this sample was not in Honolulu during
the session of the late legislature. And it is our can
did opinion that a bottle apiece after dinner w ill prove
of more practical benefit to the native, thin two hours
spent at the morning prayer-meeting.
The first of a series of subscription balls came off
on Thursday evening at the Bungalow, Mr. E. Bur
gess manager and Mr. Pickering director of the Or
chestra. The ball was a complete success. Ihe room
was well lighted, the music good, the company numer
ous, brilliant, gaj and contented. A more pleasant
evening could hardly.be got up in Honolulu, and it is
the intention of all concerned to reproduce these re
unions twice a month during the season.
Looking upon a ball-room, for the time being, as the
most despotic leveller of the artificial distinctions of so
ciety, we shall always recommend the public , spirit of
those who encourage them. Irrespective of the mere
pleasure of dancing and agreeable onverse among the
young people, the presence of older and more sedate
persons is alike an encouragement and an approbation
to the young.
Our space will not permit us to gratify the absent
ones by telling who were there. It is enough to say
that His Majesty honored the ball with his presence.
" Now, any school boy know that Arequipa is a state or de
partment of the l'.epuhlic of Peru, with its capital of the same
name. The port of the state ia the little town of Iquique (not
Yquique as the PofyneMan lias it.) The Captain of the bark
reported himself from Arequipa, and he was correct, just as ves
aeU report themselves from California, Oregon, 4c. What is
more common than for a whaler to hail from Oahu or Japan, or
a ship from California or Oregon The geographical ignorance
of the Polynesian is what all laugh at. If it will take the pains
to study a Primary Geography, we wiU tend in a copy. P. C.
Timeo Danaos ei dona ferentes." Please keep it
yourselves, if it is not more correct than your quo
tation would imply. Yquique fcr so it is spelt by
its own inhabitants is a small seaport town in the
" state or department" of Turapaca, whereas the de
partment of Arequipa lies considerably to the north,
and has three seaports, viz : Islay, Mollendo and
Quilca. As Yquique is not then " the port of the
state' of Arequipa, our friend's beautiful parallels
of ' California, Oregon, Oahu, Japan," lose all their
imposing starchness and dwindle down into flimsy
A I mast a Suicide.
On Wednesday morning Mr. M. Beck, long a resi
dent in this country, was found in his room with his
throat cut, the work of his own hands during the night
Medical attendance having been called in, his wound
was dressed and we learn that though deep it is not
very dangerous ; the wound being too high up to cause
death of itself. The causes of this affair are said to
be family difficulties; but we do not consider them pub
lic property even in his humble case, until they shall
have come before the public through the police office or
We learn that the funeral of the late Hon. Jona
Piikoi will take place from his residence in Fort street,
two doors above Beretania, on Monday next. May 16,
at 4 o'clock, P. M. The funeral cortege will ; proceed
to Kewalo, on the plains, where the body of the deceas
ed will be deposited.
On Tuesday night the store of Mr. S. Isaacs in Nuu
anu, one door below the corner of Merchant street,
was entered by burglars and about $100 worth of the
best clothing stolen.
On Wednesday night a native house not far from the
slaughter-house, foot of King street, was entered by
burglars and a trunk abstracted, containing several
fine garments of men's apparel and some cash. The
trunk was found the following morning broken open,
in the neighborhood of the new prison. There are
evidently some new performers on hand, but we be
lieve that the police will ferret them out yet.
We learn that two of the thieves aud several receiv
ers of stolon goods have been detected and arrested,
being all Chinamen of the lilerated Coolie class,
Quite an amount as well as variety of stolen goods had
been found in the dens of these celestial Fagins They
were imported for the purpose of work for a specitied
time, but unforluuatcly and inadvertently perhaps
there was no provision in the contract for returning
them to their native country ; and so, having lived
upon their masters during their time of servitude,
many of tbem are now living on the town that their
servitude is ended.
At a regular meeting of the above volunteer compa
ny, last Saturday, the 7th iust,. His Majesty the King
was proposed to become an active member and was un
animously elected. His Majesty's service in the ranks
was however of short duration, for by a subsequent
vote on the same evening he was uuanimously elected
Colouel of the Corps. The first proposition was an act
of courtesy toward the company which they nobly re
paid by the last election.
After this we hope that this really efficient and
splendid corps will not much longer be exposed to the
hazard of having their heads brokeu by the falling in
of the roof of the present armory.
We understand that one of the time-honored' collegi
ate customs of other lands will be observed here at the
closing of the present term at the Puuahou College.
A public disputation will tnke place between the stu
dents upon certain subjects propounded, one of which
will, we learn, be the fiuious liquor-question which has
of late received such iuteuse attention from the press,
the public and the Legislature, without resulting in
anything better than the preseut well-tried machinery
of making drunkards on the sly. Whatever may be
the view which the head of the college may adopt, our
reminiscences of the euergy and independence of a col
legiate life lead us to expect a racy discussion auJ, un
doubtedly, more logic than we have yet been able to
liud in our own oppoueuts. The disputation, we believe
will take place on the evening of the 21th of May, inst.
Shue Tftr.F.s. One of the best ideas we have heard of for
many a day is suggested in the vote of the Litchfield County
(Conn.) Agricultural Society, offering premiums of fifteen cents
each on trees not less than twenty iu number, set in highway
and public grounds in that county during ihe current year.
There is an idea w hich we might and should adopt
without further delay. What amounts of money and
labor have not been expended to raise up saints or to
razee them ; with what result God only is the judge !
Is it not time to turn our attention to the condition of
the sinners, and if we can not keep their feet in the
path they should go, let us at least shelter their heads
wherever they go. Let us plaut trees. Encourage,
stimulate, pay us ; but let the planting be done, what
ever the motive. Let us leave something to our chil
dren to remember us by and be grateful for, besides a
narrow creed aud a disputed theology.
The Hawaiian Agricultural Society meets shortly :
will this idea find an expositor from a national, agri
cultural and economical poiut of view?
Playing hi Lnsl Curd.
Our courteous cotemporary has a hard road to trav
el when it is forced to impeach our sanity rather than
confess its own errors. We have heard of inebriate
men insisting that every one but themselves were drunk.
And it is an axiom that the truth of the few has been
gall to the many, since the early days of the worlJ,
and our friend is apparently no exception.
jSf There is a Book auction at the sales room of J.
F. Colburn this evening.
TO THE EDITOR OP THE POLYNESIA.
Sir : It is commonly said and believed that a looker-on
at the game of chess frequently sees advantageous
moves of the different pieces, that escape the observa
tion of the actual players so in the game of politics
lately played iu our Houses of Parliament between
the progressive Government and retrogressive opposi
tion, a hint or two from an observer may be taken in
good part, and possibly found not destitute of good
It strikes me, Mr. Editor, that the Ministry, in pro
posing the liberal aud constitutional measure of legal
izing the sale of spirituous liquors to and by natives of
the Kingdom, have committed an error in judgment in
mooting that important question before legalizing and
regulating the distillation of the spirits themselves.
That this latter is a measure which would be pro
ductive of an immense amount of good to the commu
nity, no reasoning man who chooses to look the matter
fairly in the face will, upon a careful and impartial ex
amination of the facts, persist in denying. The follow
ing are a few of them : Our sugar plantations are in
creasing in number, aud although when judiciously
conducted they are generally highly remunerative, they
are not nearly so much so as they would be, were a
distillery attached to every one of them, to convert the
molasses, skimmings, and refuse generally of the mill
and boiling houses, into good rum. What a saving
there would be cf materials that are now totally wasted;
what an increase of wealth to the proprietors, of reven
ue to the Government, and money saved to the spirit
consuming population. These are very few of the ben
efits that would result from the measure. Another is,
that the whole of the washings and skimmings being
utilized, so much would be placed beyond the reach of
the laborers, many of whom at work on the Planta
tions, it is well known, now ferment and become intoxi
cated w ith them.
Look again at the large quantity of okolehao which
is made on this Island, is openly sold at the public
houses, and finds its way from one end of the Islands
to the other, in defiance of the law and to the injury of
the revenue and the lawful trader.
Is any body so simple as to believe that the establish
ment, under proper regulations, of distilleries would
increase drunkenness in their neighborhoods ? People
generally expect a quid pro quo. So body but a mad
man would leave a distillery open for every passer-by
to go in and help himself. l)oes a miller give away his
flour, a weaver his silks and ribbons, or a farmer his
cattle ? Are our spirit dealers in town conspicuous for
bestowing their wares gratuitously and indiscriminate
ly on the community ? Do not they watch them all
day, and leave them under lock, key and bolt at
I am not professing tn write an but merely
offering a suggestion. I shall he, drop this matter,
expressing the hope that you. Mr. Editor, will favor
the community with a series of articles upon it, for it
surely is an important and most interesting subject,
intimately connected with our social, commercial and
agricultural prosperity, and consequently deserving of
a most thorough and impartial review.
Lies of Subscriber to the Hoaolala Hospital
up I Mar 13, 18dtr.
ilia Majesty, the King ------
Her Majesty, the Uueen ------
His Koyal Highness the Prince of Hawaii -Her
Koyal Highness the Priurese V. K Kaabumanu
His Royal Highne., Prince Kauiehameha -Her
Majesty the Uueen Uowager -
Allen, E. II. Chief Justice $100 Adams D.
Allen. Mrs. E. H.
Armstrong, R. Rev.
Aldrich, VV. A.
Austin, J. VV.
Adams, . P.
50 Autouio, I'apt.
10-4 Acim It Auk
100 Bates, D. C.
list lloiitil, J.
M Brow n, .M.
Brewer, C. 2d
Bates. A. B. Dig. Attorney
Rartou. 1'. 8.
llordeii. J. VV.. U. S. Com'r ." Barnard
Wishop, C. K. l'W Uartleft, I.
BiIiou, Mr. C. R. 50 Berkley, H
Mrowu.J. 11. Sheriff Oahu 50 Kariiartl, J
Clark, ('apt., ship Ocean
Coffin, K. R.
Cartwright, A.J. and H.S.
Chapman, J. K.
Cooper, VV. A.
Cut re 1 1, W. K.
Cummins, J no.
DoHsetl, J. I.
Davi-, R. G.
Domini, J no. O.
Everett, A. P.
Everett, Mrs. A. P.
Ford, Dr. S. P.
Hreenwell, II. V.
tui.lou, Dr. C F.
Giimau, G. D.
Il .rkf. ld, II.
Ho;ikiin, C. G.
llol.lsworth, 11. J H.
Hall, K. O.
Hudson Buy Conipauy
lloffinej er, S.
Harding, T. G.
Howe, G. til
Hanks, F. 1
Hillehrand St. Smith
von Huit ii. Heut fc
Jones, W'm. Ap
Janioii, Green a Co.
Joue, P. C
Kekuanaoa, His Ex. M.
Kahaleaaha, J. P. E.
l.avrton, f apt.
I.unaiilo, VV. C.oii Hi 1 Ma
60 Bishop, Rev. A.
10 Coadv, Mrs. R.
L'5 Castle & Cooke
60 Clark, G.
ISO Clark, A.
60 Ch .inberluin, W.
'-'5 Chamberluin, J. E.
10 Carter, J. O
10 Cuuuuius, Thus.,
100 Damon, Rev. S. C.
ilH) Diiiioud, II., lumber
60 cash -Jb i
ii5 Dowsetr, S. II.
100 Kmmes, a. J.
60 Killers, II. F.
25 Fischer. W.
25 Fortiauder, A.
S5 Grege, D. L. Min. Finance 100
l'.'O tiregg, Mr. It. L. 50
liw GilliUnd, R. 20
100 G iliiland, Mrs. E. 20
10( Harris, C. C. 50
100 HuiriM.m, Dr. E.,casu $'2T. I . ,.
2K) inedirine at com! 100 J
liio Hi. Hitter, R. . 25
l(H Hupu 15
3J0 II iller, J. M. Iu
60 Humphreys, U 10
50 Humphreys, Mrs. VV. 10
60 Hohn.n, E. C. 15
50 llardi-ley, J. 2
lull iiackfeld, J no. 95
luu Hyatt, G. 6
Miller, Gen. W., II. Ii. MJ
Meek, Capt. J no.
Melchers at Co.
Manini, P. F.
Miles, i . J.
Molteno. (.'apt. F.
McKihbiu, Dr. R.
Maikai, J. VV. E.
Maikai, Mrs. J. W E.
25 Judd, C. II. 25
liMJ JarKm.n, Jo. 5
10 Judd, G. P., 5J
10u Kaikainahaile 10
15 Kauwaepaa, J. II. 20
20 Ivaapuiki, f. 20
20 Kalama, P. 20
15 Keiiui 10
15 K ioua, P. 5o
15 Kine, Thos. , 50
15 hanaina C. lo
2u Kinau, J. W. Put Ion
10 Kann.i, Gov. P. 5o
25 halakaua, D. 50
:) I.add, IV. .V. 50
50 l.ane, VV. f. jil
Lanlierne, J. It. 10
1 00 l.euis, J. I.. Jo
2o Lewers, C. II. 75
lo Lewis at. .Norton 25
MrKibbin, Dr. R., junr.
100 Moeliomia, W. L.
100 McC'olgan. J.
I'll Meek, Eli
100 McCouiiell, G.
60 Montgomery, Jno.
25 Mct'cuchtry, H. W.
Id McDutlee, A. J.
50 Makrtlena, J. VV.
lOo Maclarl.uif, H.
51 McLean, G. C.
N'aaholelua, P., Governor
Neilaon, II. A.
Perrin, E., II,
Parke, V . C.
Priu ger, J. C.
Pratt, A., Consul U. S
Paki, Miss Lydia
North rrp, R. L.
lixi Nouhiva, l.
60 Naone, P.
s Com- Pratt, J. It
200 Poor, C. A. k H. F.
luu Ptlui;er, G. F.
loO Terry, J. C.
lot) Pico, Manuel
A. Pratt, F.
25 Pinehasa, Wm. V.
25 1'auuu Sl Co.
Robertson, G. M., Associate
It.. In n son t Co., J.
Kitson &l Hart,
Reynolds, Lieut. U. S. N.
Richards, C. L.
SpuldlllK, J- C.
fnow, Capt. B. F.
Saiiisin; & Co., C. P.
Smith, Capt. J.
Stmt, Capt. V.
Snodgrast, VV. K.
L'tai & Ahee
Vidi, Daniel R.
de Varigny, C.
Wyllie, His Ex. R. C.
Watcrhouse, J. T.
Walerhuuse, Mrs. J. 'J
Waterman. D C.
Whitney, II. M.
Williams tt Co., C. A.
Wood, Dr R. W.
Walker, J. S.
Richardson, .Mrs. J.
100 Kicliard.ion, Miss II.
200 Kawsoii, S. K.
50 Reeves, Jno.
25 Kuhinson, K. II.
'jo H lii.iies, Goillrcy
. lo Rooke, .Mrs. T. C. 11.
100 Spencer, F. 50
1(H) Spenctr, Mrs. F. 50
loo Sheldon. II. L. 10
UK) Siders, Geo. C. 10
Sell never. Mr. 5
lOO Sumner, Win. 10
100 Sumner, Jno. 10
100 Sea, II. ' 10
50 Shields, J. P. 5
60 Sirauss, J. II. 25
60 Stevenson, W. 10
10 Smith, Rev. L. 10
10 Steward, J., 50
Thomas, Geo. 20
60 I ma 5
20 Vincent, C. V. 20
10 Viuceut, Mrs. C. V. 20
200 Wood, R. A. 8. 25
100 Wond, W. 2"i
100 Wake.nau, R. E. 10
Ii Wood. J. 11. 25
loO Ward, f. f. 5
100 Wilcox. P. !?. 60
loO Wood, Geo. 25
60 Wesn.n, D. M. 60
TO AID IS THE ESTABLISHMENT OF HOSPI
TALS FOR THE BENEFIT OF SICK AND DIS
ABLED HAWAIIAN SEAMEN.
Be IT enacted by lite Kimj, Uu A'oMei atui Rcpresenta
tict s of tlie Hawaiian- Islands, in Ltylslative Council
Section 1. Any passenger arriving from a foreign
port at any of the ports of this Kingdom, shall be sub
ject to a tax of two dollars for the support of hospitals
for the benefit of mc!c and disabled Hawaiian seamen,
which shall be paid to the several Collectors of Customs
before any permit is issued to such passenger in accor
dance with existing laws, or the provisions of the Civil
Code hereafter to go into effect.
Skction 2. Such Collectors shall make quarterly re
turns, iu the manner and form prescribed by law, of
the amounts received by them, in pursuance of ihe fore
going section, to the Minister of Finance, who is re
quired to hold the same subject to the disposition of the
Minister of the Interior, according to the requirements
of the Civil Code iu regard to the Hospital tax on Ha
Section 3. If the master of any vessel shall allow
any passenger to land his baggage or other effects, at
any port of this Kingdom, without the payment of the
afureaid tax, he shall be liable therefor, and also to a
penalty of not less than ten nor more than fifty dollars,
to be imposed by the Collector, in his discretion; such
baggage or other effects shall also be subject to seizure
All penalties under this Act shall accrue to the ben
efit of tsai 1 Hospital fund.
Section 4. This Act shall take effect and be in force
from the date of its publication in Ihe Polynesian news
paper. Approved this 13th day of May, A. D. 18-50.
Be rr enacted by the Kiny, the Soble and Representa
tives of the Hawaiian Islands, in Legislative Council
That the Minister of Finance be authorized to pay to
the Heirs of his late Koyal Highness, Moses Kekuaiwa,
the sum of six thousand eight hundred and forty 40-100
dollars, being principal and interest on aundry amounts
received by Government for the sale and lease of por
tions of said M. Kekuaiwa's land of Kotos, island of
Approved this 9th day of May, A. D. 1859.
TO AUTIIOPJZE THE MINISTER OF THE INTE
RIOR TO GRANT A CHARTER OF INCORPO
RATION TO A " CEMETERY ASSOCIATION "
for the crrr of uonolclu.
Bk rr EXACTED by the King, the Xobles aud Representa
tives of the Haicaila.i Islands, in Legislative Council
Section 1. The Minister of the Interior is hereby
authorized, at his discretion, to grant a Charter of In
corporation for a "Cemetery Association" for the city
of Honolulu, to any persons applying therefor, subject
to all the regulations and requirements prescribed in
the Act relating to Corporation, passed April 17ih,
ISO, aud amended April 24th, lbo6; but without limit
as to time.
Section 2. This Act shall take effect from and after
the data of its passage.
Approved this 4tli d.iy of May, A. D. ISoO.
The follow mg figures are au exhibit of the receipt at the
Harbor Master' Otfire for water and wharfage lor the quarter
ending VI arch 31, lci'j, wiib the corresponding quarters of the
yean lrbi-S :
Quarter ending March 31, 1?59, $1,97100 $3,188 t-u
do do do l,75t 00 2,lKtj l0
do do do lea7, 2,57a 00 1.6-J9 IX)
do do do l5fi, 1,4'J7 00 1,4SI 00
du do do 1-55, l.ffJ 00 li.iffl 00
do du do 1S54, l.tioti 00
We now and then find decisions upon disputed points of !
mercantile and marine law scattered up and down the foreign j
journals, the knowledge whereof might prove of advantage to our I
own business men and shipmasters. We shall therefore quote privilege of 20 lay days here. She will take an assorted
reimburse theui for expenxe of putting oa board, taking out aoj
ballasting, (the lay days allowed tbem, if a portion ia used ip
here, the celerity with which the article can be put oa board
will wore tbaa counterbalance the delay.) Thia draw back
if met by the spirit of support by producer here, misht b
borne; but having Riund the marvation point at which a siUp
will sail for, they show ao disposition to come to the rate
asked for by the agents or abate the price of their stud", to .
low a margin for purchase for shipment on vessel's account
As tie only chance thereby is lost to the owners of a trtuiu
line for keeping it on the route, it is probably from thf
reasons that the intimation now current on the beach has
arisen, that the old favorites, the Yant and the Fmn.
Palmar, are to be oid to b put into some more lucrative
'business guano, perhaps Should these events occur, t
may perhaps be visited by more vessels seeking, but a
lose the credit of beins; able to support a regular line of fk.
ets ; and the cahin accommodation of freight who eat and are
wiliiug to pay, uin-l (jive way for Uiat which costs nothing u
support on the voyage. The establishment of an Iiisuraare
Company, which we also hear of as being upon the carpet
may have some ttfect however upon cheap charters, ff UIle'
may be willing to risk his goods where he wouid a, hi,
son, if the former happened to be covered by a good )jcr
and the director niijjlit take a different view of ns from the
applicant in many c ises.
We quote as a guano movement that the AVuoimV ailed yes
terday for parts unknown, probably lor oe ot the 4d islands
as reported by the X. V. Tribune, .March 5 say Baker's ia
0 15 Hrt latitude, (as we find il in the P. C. A-lcertir f
Ihe 12th inst..) or one adjacent The person in.ik.ing this foN
midable note appears to have taken a chart of the f aciSt
looked for an islaud, and icVa found, ntuek a pin
CHamTEBt. We learn of the charter ..f the EiUa E, fr
Victoria, V. I., for a round sum equal to $5 per ton, wlih the
and live stock. The quotations of the market at that purt
were g'Hd at last advices, April 8, showing renewed activity
for goods for the up country trade.
The Ytiiikee is looked for on Monday wirh later advice from
San Francisco, and, as noted in our last, she will ,tc.p at La
haina. The Kalama and the Krkanluohi with Hawaiian pro
duce arrived on Thursday, aud the Liltuliho 'u etpectedoa
Monday, and will have immediate dispatch, most of her freight
being engaged. The Jeru has been purchased by G. Beinera
Eq , of the hoitke of Melchers St. Co., a well known Germsn
firm of this place, and put under the Hawaiian dag. She will
sail shortly for Petropauloski, where they have a branch, and
other ports of the Xorth, with carg adapted lor that market.
.h.l.t tl..t 1 1..., r . .J ., . . ... ' "'J .......j.u "S" uaoaiieu in
earning of the vessel as a coin,. eusaiioa for her use, iustead j ,ne ftion ice ol seven days, sails to-day for Jarvia Island
of a lUed and detetminate sum." I under a home charter of $11 per ton, eoutractiog to be at n,e
- . u . I ' 1 1, 1 . . Lii ill I ui j ,,. .ill uciaiuu u3 UCCII 1CIT OIT I
rent in the mercantile community, its knowledge m.iy avoid a '
doubtful debt in some insunces."
As mortgages are neither " few nor far between in this j
country, the following decision by the Supreme Court of CalUor-
them without further credit than merely noting the country
wherein and the jurisdiction uuder which delivered.
In the last volume of the Reports of the Supreme Court of
Massachusetts i the following decision upon the " Liabiliti? of
Qicnersfvr 4ajpliefmiit!u:d to te-mitU utder charter pttrty
" An adjudication upon this ' vexed question ' was made in
the rase of Baker vs. lluckius when it appeared that by the
contract between the owners and the matter of the vessel, she
was let for a definite peiiod by the owners to the matter, by a
charter, which gave lo the hirer the sole possession and direc
tion of Ihe vessel during the term, free lrom the control or in
terference of the owners.
The supplies furnished in the vessel were charged in the
plaintiff's book to 'sell. and owners, Capt. I'.- .'
The Court held thai the general owuers were not liable, un
der the contract, uud that it made no difference as to their li-
uia may be of Interest :
t'mn vs. Brower rr al. The question raised by the facts of
this case, say the Court, is narrowed down to this simple propo
sition : If A holds a debt on B, secured by mortg4ge, and tt sells
the mortgaged premises to C, without objection by A, and C
agrees to pay the price to A, A still retaiuiug the note aud mort
gage, does this discharge the liahility of B or the lieu upon the
mortgaged preuiises T
The Court hold that in such a case, neither the mortgage nor
the personal liability of B are extinguished, unless there is a
special agreement upon the part of . to discharge them ; and
that he may sue upon the origimil note and mortgage, whilst he
retains the assigned note of C, holding it, as he do, merely as
Judgment reversed and cause remanded. Opinion delivered
bv Baldwin, J.; 1'ield, J., concurring.
Interesting to Whilexev.-In the U. S. District rn,i,
Boston, iu the case of Frederickson and four other lib. Hants vs
the oil taken in the schooner Thricer, Judge tfprague decided
that the libellants were entitled to their respective shares subject
to deduction for any advances they had received It was shown
that the Th.fi ter sailed from Proviiicetown on a whaling voyage,
and after being at sea seventeen mouths, put into Fayal, where
tiie oil was shipped home in the bark Azof, and the schooner was
fitted for another voyage. The seaman were there discharged
and induced to receive It! each in lieu of the usual three months'
wages, on condition that they should keep out of the way until
the vessel had suded, under aa intiiuatioa that if these terms
were not aecepted, they would be arrested and compelled to go
on the voyage against their will. In defence it was contended
that the libeilants deserted at "ayal.
The judge decided tiiat the voyage was ended at Fayal hy the
act of the master or agent of the owners ; that the libeilants were
entitled to their agreed shares of the proceeds of Ihe voyage and
three mouths' wages to be paid to the consul, charged bvlaw with
me uuty ot sending them home, ir they so desired ; and that the
$1G paid to each went for nothing under the circumstances. All
the oil taken was to be cousidered as a unit ; to be assessed in
the proportion of the lay agreed upou with each; and that one
of the seaman who had been promoted to ship-keeper during the
voyage, was entitled to his lay as seaman up to the time of such
promotion, and subsequently to the lay which the original ship
keeper was shipped for, in proportion to the time during which
he had served in each capacity, and without regard to the quan
tity of oil taken daring either allottment of the time.
"A patent ha been taken out iu Siberia for applying steam
power to a gigantic system of skates, by which trains are to be
propelled, on the sledge principle, over the ice and snow soli
tudes between the river Obi and the Amoor." t'jreh.
Just so with connecting lines to St, TeUrsburgh on one side
and llakodadi on the other.
Our views upon the precedence of Commerce over every
other human agency for the civilization of mankind the pre
paration of the savage soil for the cultivated crop have been
often enough s'ated. It is pleasing, however, to find them con
firmed by so aiiy conducted and prominent journal as the (V
tnercial Bulletin, of Boston, from which we quote :
" Certain it is that no merely human agency can dispute the
first place with commerce, if we regard it in its entirely; and
writers whose piety cannot be called in question have not hes
itated to give to some of its instruments of even the lowest
description an importance Ihey claim not for those benevolent
missionaries who have sacrificed comfort, and perilled exist
ence, in their ardeut desire lo spread their sublime faith be
fore the inhabitants of Ihe most remote or Hie most secluded
regions of the earth. 'The civilization of barbarians, at least
their material civilization,' says an eini nent wrier, who is
of the priesthood of the established Church of England, 'bat
been generally more advanced by instructors whose moral su
periority was less strongly marked than where the teacher and
the taught have tew common sympathies and poinin of con
tact. Thus, in our own tunes," rough whalers and brutal pir
ates have done more lo Eumpeanize Ihe native of Polynesia
than the missionaries.' In the order of God's Provulence it is
not always me notiiest or the most refined
island oa the last day of preseut month.
Atctio.t Salzs. The well known Funrhard premises, en
the corner of Nuuanu and Queen streets, will be sold to-morrow
; aud as ihete streets are our most noted business thor
oughfares, from the sale a good criterion can be drawn of the
value of business rei.l estate iu Ihe market. .No sales ct im
portance in merchandise lo report.
In general merchandise we quote :
Cordage. Sales of about 5,0) lbs Manila at 10c cash. "
Come. But little stock iu market and held at previous
rates. About 1,000.000 lbs looked tor ia San Francisco from
Rio Janeiro, but would come to a heavy house able to bold.
Small supplies for the trade were looked for from here.
Slgh. Held at7-c. Sates of about 15,000 lbs. for shipment
to Victoria per !iza Ella.
Pt lu. Sa.'e of small quantity for Petropauloski on private
E.ychaxue. Rates for Yankee, closing, whalers' bills par
to 1 per cent, premium; on Sau Francisco par to per cent,
April 30, Hesrt Pnutso, seaman, fell overboard from the
Polynesia and was drowned.
Per Poitsesxia, from San Francisco, May 6 Mrs Benedict
and son, S K Bishop, wife and child. M M Gower and wife, John
Jones, Nelson Mason, V B -Moores, J W Sandford, Mr Wood
ford. Feb Kameuameha IV, for French Frigate Shoal, May 7 -L F
Beatty, W J Rawlins.
MAltliNE JO UUA.U.
POUT OF HONOLULU.
Apr T. Haw sch Kinoole, Kalama, fin Kona, Hawaii.
Sch Mary hllen, Maikai, fm Kauai.
Sch Keoni Ana, Harry, fm Nawiliwili, Kauai.
Sch Margaret, Kikeke, fm Koloa, Kauai.
Sch Moikeiki, Hall, fm Kahului.
Sch Kamoi, Wilbur, fm Lahaina.
Sch Kalama, Borres, fm Hilo with sugar, molasses,
hides and goat skius.
Sch Kekauluohl, Marchant, fm Kona, Hawaii.
Sch Alexander, Kimo, tin Molokai, with pai ai
Sch Maria, Molteno, fm Lahaina, with firewood.
Sch jioloKki, Kauukii, tm Molokai.
Apr 7. Brit bk Xelson, Lawson, for San Francisco,
llaw sch Excel, Antonio, for Koloa, Kauai.
sen Kamehameha IV , Keyte, for Fr Frigate Shoals.
Sch Maria, Molteno, for Lahaina.
Sch Mary Ellen, Maikai, for Kauai,
wh br Aloha, Stoever, for Ochotsk.
Sch Keoni Ana. Harry, for Kauai.
Sch Margaret, Riktke, for Kauai.
Sch Moikeiki. Hall, for Kahuiui.
Sch Mary, Berriil, for Kawaihae.
Sch Kinoole, Foss, for ports in the Pacific.
Sch Kamoi, Wilbur, for Lahaina.
Am clip sh i'olynesia, Morse, for Jarvia Island.
The Polynesia crossed the equator Nov 30, in Ion 83 W. Made
Sutcu Island Jan 3. and aeain crossed the raiutnr Mnrrh I n
lnlrnnintd tliar . '
do the most f that work which lilts barbarous mmnn',.;, 1 111 30 W. Had heavy gales the first of the passage, which
from the dust ol degradation. 'Rough whalers' imv carrv did considerable damage aloft, carrvimr awav main tun:!nt
mast and sails, three topsails and My ing jib, besides splitting both
courses and miuen topgallant sail. Makes the following report :
civins.aiiou s germs wuere tney never would be carried bv
outer agenis, auu prepare me way lor the Work -of a higher
order ot laborers. The Damascus sword is a la, finer wea
pon than the American axe. but who would hesitate, on prin
ciples of utility, to assign precedence to the latter in promot
ing the welfare of mankind
Technical Works. Though strictly business men may
know, yet the general reader is often unacquainted with, and
often unable to give a full explanation of, the following words,
which he reads or hears of. We therefore offer their equiva
A firkin of butter sfi lbs.
A sack of coals...... ..............224
A truss of straw.......................... 3tf
A stave of hemp ;t-t
A sack of rlour.... ....... ...... .......... "
A quintal i.mi "
A piggot of steel l (f
A truss of hay..... ....... ...Vi
A bash : go bushels
A kilderkin is gallons
A barrel 3S
A hogshead 4
A puncheon.. 84
Condition aad Terms)
On irhich prirtiT el are to h docked at the United Sttite.1
-Vary Yard, Mare J-Uand, California.
Hail VeeU, Steam VrtmeU,
Tune, etc. per . ptr tun.
For the first day, 81 cents 6-2 cents.
For each lay day, TJ g)
For cargo, coal, or ballast, 31 81
Any vessel occupying the dock orerfour day, the price for
lay-days will be incrtuned 5 per centum.
Both days of eutering and leaving the dock are to be charged'
the latter day as a lay-day. '
Every day the dock is occupied will be charged, except Sun
days, and Sundays will be charged when work is done on the
vessel in dock.
Owners or agents are required to state, in writing, their absent
to the foregoing condition and terms, established by the Depart
ment for docking ; and the owners hereby assume, "m uli case,
the rUk of damage to the vessel docked.
Ia consideration of the increased cost of labor in California,
twenty per centum is to be added on the rates charged above.
FniDAY, MAY 13, IS59.
The business week close without anything of importance to
chronicle. The season has arrived when the merchant takes
account of stock, makes up his books, and, if his orders have
goue forward, speculates upon their ultimate result ; and if
not so fortunate as le have rich argosies of bis owa freighted
with golden ventures, or with merchandise, if not so heavy in
weight, yet more fragrant o the nostrils; and.il we take the '
assertion of a contemporary journal, more valuable to the
pocket" filthy lucre" worth 200 per tent, more in the com
mercial marts of Europe aad the rest of the civilized world
than "pure ysllow," the "color" sought for so eagerly by
the hardy miners of California and British Columbia he lends
his aeighbor the benefit of bis owa experience, or, ia other
words, meddles with what does not belong to him.
The Hawaiian Islands bave already had a touch of the qual
ity of King Guano some four years since, aud il was not to he
wondesM at that for a long time after Ihe discovery of pbos
phatie guano oa Jams Island, and the enterprise of a com
parative stranger in locating himself in our midst, through a
fortunate bap in this merchandise, our merchaau were chary
King Guano, with hii clipper ships, will make our harbor
a little livelier during the coming dull season, but tblt liveliness
is death to the regular packets. As all the freight tbey earn,
when chartered in Saa Francisco to stop here, accrues to the
charterers, they can afford to lake it at any rata which will
Jan 3, in lat 4s a, Ion 61 W, spoke clipper ship Sea Nymph, 60
days from Xaw Turk, bound to Sun Francisco; March 4, spoke
ship Eureka from Saa Francisco; March IS, in lat 29 N, Ion 12
W, spoke ship Oceu Pearl, lil days from Bostou, bound to Saa
IMPORTS AT HONOLULU
Faust Ss Fr4cisCo
Prr cliff-er nit Polynexia, JAy 6.
5 cs absynthe, 1 bbl almonds, I cs bacon, 300 bags barley, 5 ee
bsy rum, 41 bushel-baskets, I nest u-arket do, 1 bx Canary birds.
i-s Diner, on pi.;s no ana snoes, jo qr ens DramlT, pipes
bread, 1 cks do, ."e bhls dr, I cs hrogans, 1 carriage shaft and
harness, 4 cs cheese, 5 d., brandy cherries, 3 do chocolate, 2 pugs
chow chow. &i cs cider. I clothes drver, IS pkirs cloihimr. noo ti.s
coal, 1 cs coinhs, s-t pkgs rordag-, l"i cs cordials, I bale corks. :il
pkg doors and sash, 6l bales gunny bags, 2 cs straw hats, 6 c
honey, 60 bars iron, 6 cs red lea.l, 1"0 keirs white lead, 1 cs Ma
rischino, ii rolls nmtting, ".' pkgs nidze (unspecified), 1 cs medi
cine. I chest opium, 81 cs oysters, doa pails, i cs pain killer, T
hf bbls paint, 3 pkgs paper, -J cs paper hangings, In cs peas, 6
cs powder, I cs preserves. cs prunes, I pump, I bale rawhides,
4 bbls rice, 20 do salmon, 7 cs salt, -i cs sardines, i bales sheet
ing, 2 kgs shot, 3 bxs sou;s, 1 do stationery, 1 trunk surveying
instruments, ii chests tea, Ii) cords oak timber, 12 cs tobacco, 4
n-t tubs, 2u pkir vegetables, 2 whaleboata, 10 cs whisky, 10 cs
ginger wine, ia cs Madeira wine, 5 pkgs Sherry wine, 4.ioi ft red
wood, 1 bskt yams.
EXPORTS FROM HONOLULU.
Per wA brig Alolut, May 0.
Trade and stores toreigu produce, $132 22.
Foa Jauvis Island.
Prr nh PUyrietia, May 13.
Gunny bags, bales, 6. Foreign produce, 123 75
Forrixa Oil Markets.
BRUWF.t, Feh 26. Market dull. Whnl eaiiSlV rixth w
bbU Whiileltome, P. and .. LI'iiMST rixth per 100 tts. Co
coanut oil. Cochin, 13 rixth f loO IT.s.
Losdos, Feb li. .Sperm ril is a shade lower, owing to targe
Supplies shortly expected from the United States and our colon
ic. i'DTSJrs per tun, as to quality, is now the extreme value.
Pal Ssnl CVx, ptile S'litnrrn, -ii; whnU Jin, a few tuns very
fine long Polar, just arrived from the United States via Liver
pool, have been sold at iU) per tun; likewise several parcels
Southern from oor colonies, at sviiitlit as to quality. North
wint, nominal, 400:a;42O. Cocuanut oil, 40 for good Sydney,
1.1 for Cochin, per tun, as to quality.
VKSSF.LS l. PORT MAY 13.
(Coasters not incltvJl.)
Am clipper sh Chapin, McCrellis. np fr Xew Bedford.
Am ship Eliza 1 Ella. Lunt. up for Victoria, V I.
lUw hri" Hern, Von Holdt, up for Kamsehatsks.
aw brig Advance, St. t'Uir, up frrSaa Francisco.
4 merchantmen total, 4.
.New York, -Panama,-
Latest Foreigai Dale.
- - Feb. f Paris. - - - -
- - Mar. S san Francisco,
- - Msr. 31 Valparaiso, - -
- . Mar. 3t'
- Mar. 4
- April 23
- .Mar. 1
ills la Leave.
Fr Petropauloski, per brig Hero, to-day.
For Saa Francisco, per brig Advance, about the 21st inst.
14 per bk Yanteei, about 25th inst. (perhaps.)
For Victoria, V. I., per ship Eliza & Ella, in about 2 weeks.
For Hilo, per Kalama, oa Monday.
For Kailua. per Kekanluohi, oa Tuesday.
For Kealakekua " u
For Lahaina, per Kalama, oa Monday.
For Molokai, per Molokai. .