Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 8, IS59.
Kamehameha IV., of the Hawaiian Islands, King,
to all Our loving subjects, and others to whom
these Presents shall come, Greeting :
Be it known that We, in concurrence with Our
House of Nobles, hereby appoint and proclaim Our
Son, His Rojal Highness the Prince of Hawaii,
to be Our Successor and Heir to the Hawaiian
Done at Our Palace, at Honolulu, this third
day of October, in the year of Our Lord
1859, and the fifth year of Our Reign.
By the King and Kuhina Xui.
(Signed,) L. Kamehameha.
HOUSE OF NOBLES.
Held In thr Pa I are at Honolulu, Or. 3d, 1S.VJ, at II
o'clock. A. M.
The House was called to order by the President,
and prayer offered by the Ret. R. Armstrong.
The Minister of Finance, alluding to the' fact of
gome new Members of the House being present,
moved that the Chancellor of the Kingdom, who
was also present, should administer to them sev
erally the oath prescribed by the Constitution.
The Honorable the Chancellor accordingly ad
ministered the oath to the Rev. R. Armstrong,
D. D., to Mr. Charles Gordon Hopkins, to Mr.
Charles R. Bishop, to Mr. D. Kalakaua, and to
Mr. J. W. E. Maikai. Mr. John Richardson, also
announced to be a member of the House of Nobles,
The Minister of Finance moved the appointment
of a Committee to wait upon the King and an
nounce to His Majesty that the House was con
vened and awaiting his pleasure.
Nominated Prince Kamehameha, Mr. Gregg,
and Mr. Bishop; and these gentlemen waited upon
the King accordingly.
On motion of Prince Kamehameha, seconded by
Mr. Wyllie, Mr. Hopkins was requested to act as
Secretary pro tern.
His Majesty entered and read the following
Gestlemes of the House of Nobles :
I Lave thought proper to convene you in special ses
sion in order lo consult on & matter, which iu my judg
ment, re'ates to the highest welfare of the nation. Iu
contemplation of a vacancy in the chief executive office,
at all times liable to occur, it is important that the suc
cession t the crown should be definitely established in
a constitutional manner. To this subject I invite your
attention, in the full confidence that the recommenda
tion I am about to make will receive at your bauds a
The Constitution points out the mode of procedure to
be adopted, and I avail myself of the authority thus
vested in me to designate my infant sou, the Prince of
Hawaii, ns my heir and successor to the Throne. Your
assent and cooperation in the measure are required,
but I do not doubt your ready and loyal support, not
only on grounds relating to the stability of the existing
dynasty, but from motives intimately connected with the
The King having left the House, it was moved
and carried that a Committee be appointed to pre
pare a reply to His Majesty's 6peech, and Prince
Kamehameha, Mr. Gregg and Mr. Bishop having
been nominated, the House went into recess pend
ing their absence.
The Committee returned and the House having
come to order received its report of a Reply to the
following effect :
Sim: Your Majesty's House of Nobles have, with
the greatest respect, listened to the Royal Message
which has emanated from the Throne to-day, and given
it their most careful consideration.
They entirely concur in Your Majesty's sentiments in
regard to the importance of establishing a royal suc
cession, and most cordially express their willingness to
unite with Your Majesty in declaring His lloyal High
ness the Prince of Hawaii the heir and successor to the
They take this occasion to express their sentiments of
loyalty to Your Majesty, and to declare their wish to
maintain the existing dynasty, in which is centered the
best hopes of the Hawaiian nation.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
D. L. GKEGG.
CHAS. K. BISHOP. '
House or Nobles, 3d October, 1859.
The Report was adopted unanimously.
On motion of Mr. Armstrong it was unanimous
ly resolved as follows :
Resolved, That the House of Nobles concur with His
Mkjesty the King in appointing and proclaiming His
Royal Highness the Prince of Hawaii, as the heir and
successor of His Majesty to the Throne of the Hawaiian
It was then resolved that a deputation of the
House should be appointed to wait upon the King
to present to His Majesty the foregoing Reply with
the subsequent Resolutions. Nominated Messrs.
Haalelea, Kapaakea, Kanaina and Armstrong.
The House then adjourned sine die.
In the last number of the Polynesian (last
paragraph of the leading article) referring to the
rumors of the King's abdication, we said that they
" are, we are happy to say, without foundation."
We should have said " are now without founda
tion ;" for the decision arrived at by the King in
Council was done so only a few minutes before we
went to press, and the hurry of getting out the
paper, which had been delayed till noon, awaiting
this decision, will account for any apparent am
biguity arising from the omission of a word.
By referring to the Royal Proclamation
above, and to the Minutes of the Special Ses
sion of the House of Nobles on Monday last,
(Oct, 3d,) it will be seen that His Royal Highness
the Prince of Hawaii was, in conformity with the
Constitution, declared Successor to the Throne of
Kamehameha IV. whenever in the providence of
God it shall become vacant. It was a thoughtful
and wise suggestioQ of an act that never should be
left to the hazard.
tF The Honorable James W. Borden, Commission
er of the United States, had an audience of the King,
on the 8d instant, and presented to His Majesty Rich
ard H. Dana, Esquire, of Boston, who is on a voyage
round the world, for the benefit of his health.
gy The 44 Dashaways" meet at their rooms this
evening at J 1-2 o'clock.
EET We have in previous articles looked upon
the decrease of the Hawaiian people more as a
fact to be proven in regard to its extent and its
speed, than in regard to the causes which may
have conduced to it or the means by which it
may be averted, and a normal state of fecundity
and increase restored.
Let us then attempt a diagnosis of the disease,
and perhaps the remedies may sticrgest themselves.
Whenever civilization approaches a barbarous
country, not with gradual steps through especial
ly selected emissaries, but comes like a storm-cloud
44 butt foremost " over the land. it cannot be but
that evil and sin should be terribly mixed with
the jjood which it brings. And the influence of
the former on a savage and ignorant people is al
ways more direct, inasmuch as they appeal to the
senses and tickle the vanity of the barbarian,
making him believe that civilization can be pur
chased by an imitation of its vices; whereas good
ness appeals to a faculty that often has not a name,
still less a place in the heart of the savage, a
faculty that must be early educated and often cor
rected y slow and dear-bought experience.
Among the evils which t!iu3 ride in the van or
hang upon the flanks of civilization, and directly
attack the physical stamina of a people, are often,
and were in this case, syphilis and the still. How
much the latter has contributed to the depopula
tion of the country, e have no authentic means
of ascertaining; but we are inclined to think that,
although drunkenness may have flourished under
certain favorable conditions, in particular locali
ties and at various periods, yet it never was, or
could justly be claxsed, among the active and
original causes of depopulation. No sooner had
the representatives of the good obtained the lead
of affairs, than drunkenness was at an early day
declared to be a social nuisance and a civil tort,
and the rendezvous of the drunkard were subject
ed to bonds and licenses, in order to regulate the
evil and control it in a measure. But through a
squeamishness, perhaps, of calling things by their
proper names; through a prudishness, perhaps,
that has imposed on no one ; or perhaps, rather,
through a want of perception of the dissimilarity
between this and a country where civilization is
home-bred, indigenous, and has numberless means
of repressing an evil beside the statute book, and
where public opinion inarches in the interest of
virtue and morality, through these causes or
others, equally as shortcoming, prostitution has
been ignored and its seminaries have been " free
of the city," unless their orgies verged into riot
or disturbance of the place.
We would not shirk, though we may shrink
from, the discussion of so revolting a subject.
A people which knows not the evjls that afflict it,
cannot be expected to discover their remedies or
co-operate to their removal. And it is certainly
the duty of those who set themselves up as teach
ers in Israel and guides through the desert, to
grapple with an evil under its own name and in
its most formidable form, instead of disguising its
liiiloj-tiic nncfi on1 rlitmrtinnr ntrnnf iaii K it ririmr
w peace, peace! when there is ho peace."
We hasten to other evils which were, or still
are, contributing in their degree to depopulate
the country. We allude then briefly to the un
settled state of the land-tenures, growing steadi
ly worse, more capricious and more exacting from
the tenants, from the days of the conquest until a
comparatively recent period. Before the conquest,
the number of tenants and retainers was the meas
ure of a chiefs political standing and social con
sideration, and by living on his land he attended
to its culture, protected his tenants, and his pre
sence among them was a reasonable guarantee of
the permanency of their tenures. But while the
conquest on one side upset the previous order of
things by deposing or exterminating the ancient
families and dividing the lands and their tenants
anew among the followers of the conqueror; yet,
these new feudatories, instead of being permitted
to retire to the lands with which the wars and the
generosity of their Zuzerain had enriched them,
were detained around his person, either as hostag
es for their own fealty, or for the actual service
and protection of the sovereign, or allured by
those numerous attractions which surround a court,
however rude the people or the epoch in which it
exists. While thus centralization drew the chiefs
to the capital, their retainers went with them, and
the lands and the tenants of these absentee lords,
were subjected to all the extortions of their "mid
dlemen " (the konohikis) without receiving any of
the favor or protection that usually flowed from
the presence of the chief. The aggregation and
conversion of small holdings, under resident chiefs,
into large estates nnder absent ones, to be sold
or be leased to the foreigner, or be subject to ex
actions unknown theretofore, wrought agricultural
ruin and depopulation in Hawaii, as it had wrought
it before in Rome and in Egypt, in Ireland and the
In the meanwhile commerce and civilization had
brought new sources of wealth, new standards of
respectability, and the tenants left their lands by
whole families as by individuals for the seaports,
as mothi are drawn to the candle, and were swal
lowed up in the vortex of dissipation at home, or
left for foreign lands never more to return, and
the mournful 44 cha till sin tuHe" (we return no
more) of the Gael found a fearful echo in the val
leys of this land.
So thorough and so deep-felt was this inseenrity
ef the land tenures that even the kuleana system
that noblest and most enduring memorial of the
truly royal heart of Kamehameha HI. is only
just now slowly beginning to be appreciated, and
ir.fuse, as it ought to do, hope, energy and reli
ance in the native. So deep-rooted was the dread
of the power of the chief, so acute the want of
his protection, that even now, ten years after the
event, very many of the small kuleana holders
(freeholders) are loth to believe in their own good
fortune, and that the King and the Chiefs may
not, and will not, at any moment, dispossess them
of the gift.
Speaking of this cause of depopulation, J. J.
Jarves says, in IS47 (History of the Hawaiian Is
lands, and whom no one then would accuse of
enmity to the chiefs) :
With a selfishness, paralleled only by the reckless
ness of those beneath them, the chiefs partitioned the
entire country among themselves, so that at this pre
sent time, notwithstanding the many fluctuations of
property and the increase of knowledge, there are not
over 600 owners of soil throughout the kingdom and
less than twelve persons hold the great bulk of it.
This in itself would not have been so great an evil,
had it not been conjoined with a system aggravated
from the past, which in spirit declared that the chief
was everything, the people nothing. Not content to
spare their goose that they might receive a golden egg
per day, they essayed to kill it, that they might get
all at once. The uative historians of this penoJ, say,
that from Liholiho's time the chiefi left caring for the
people. Their attention was turn'd to themselves and
their immediate aggrandizement. The people became
more oppressed thin even in ancient times. Novel
taxes were inflicted and new crimes invented which
bore a fi uitful crop of fiues and confiscations. Besides
the soil, the chiefs claimed the entire right to all that
was on it ; even the very stones were not spared If they
could be made convertible to property : the fishing
grounds were seized and even fruit trees, not with the
purpose of preserving and fostering them for the common
benefit of themselves and tenants, but to get from
them and their people the greatest amount in the
shortest time. The present was the only moment
the future entered not into their calculations. As far
as could be, the very idea cf property, particularly in
lands, the true source of national industry was extin
guished. A common man had no 44 home." Under
such circumstauces, it is not surprisng that depop
ulation was not stayed nor immorality decreased. The
relation between tyrants and slaves is ever fruitful of
crimes in the one and vice in the other. The serf un
protected by law, secure in no fruits of his own hand
icraft or industry, met the rapacity of his chief and
his selfish claims to lands he had never tilled by cun
nig, deceit or evasion. Hence the character for lying,
thett and petty dishonesty which we find so prevalent
among the present generation. They are the natural
fi uits of the wicked system of land monopoly with all
its atteudant crimes, which their chiefs so fully carried
out. Not the least of the evils arising from this policy,
Was the unsettled character it gave the entire popu
lation. Possessing no premanent rights in the si.il,
or such as were not respected they ceased to have per
manent residences. Leaving their native homes, they
flocked to whatever points offered the greatest induce
ments, chiefly seaports."
Among other cause s injuriously affecting the
physique of the people was undoubtedly the change
in the habits of dress and living, incident to their
transition ; but which change, with a people sd
imitative, naturally followed closer in the steps
of civilization than the knowledge, care and clean
liness required to render it harmless, or at least
not fatal in its effects. How often have we not
seen a Hawaiian woman decked out with all the
elaborate torments of an European toilette, but
still ignorant as a child of the commonest pru
dence to counteract or avert its deforming and
injurious tendencies. And the passion of the
fem.iles to ride a-stradd!e on horseback in all
weather, and under all circumstances of their own
being, tended not a little to destroy both the pow
er and the results of their fecundity.
When to these apparently fixed causes of depop
ulation is added the incidental causes of wars and
pestilence in their various forms, which have de
cimated this people at ever recurring, though un
equal, periods since the days of Cook, and which
obtained intensity from the white man's knowl
edge, or sprung up in the foot-prints of the pass
ing foreigner, there is little room for astonishment
at a decrease of 75 per cent, in eighty years. Pre
mising that new diseases always rage more fearful
ly at their first introduction into any country, be
fore the population has become acquainted with
them, and before their nature and remedies become
generally known, it is rather a matter of surprise
and devout thanksgiving that the whole race has
not been swept off by the unceasing, pitiless pelt
ing of calamities, which seem to have prevented all
chance of repose and recovery from the evil conse
quences in which its own iguorance, imprudence
and quackery had plunged it. Civilization here,
like every where else, was a Procrustes bed to the
savage ; but here, unlike many other places, the
elasticity of the native and the gentleness of the
temper of the Hawaiian made him survive the or
deal, and with time and good treatment, there is
no reasonable doubt of his recovery.
It remains now for us to show what has been
done to avert or remedy these causes of depopula
tion, with the results of such measures ; and to
approvo where experience has proved the benefit,
or to comment where the contrary.
the Past week.
Return of Ilia Majoaly Ldihn inn.
On Monday afternoon last His Majesty the King and
suite returned to Lahaina in the schooner Maria, Cupt.
Molteno, where we understand it to be His Majesty's
pleasure to remain a short time.
The October Term of the Supreme Court opened on
Monday, the 3d instant, Justice Robertson presiding.
Chief Justice Allen being indisposed.
King vs. Dyack, a Chinaman. Ash. B. Bates for
the Crown, and Mr. Blair for the defence. Prisoner
charged with assault with a deadly weapon, in pursu
ing a Portuguese with a hand axe was acquitted.
King r. J. Wilkinson, of the 44 World's End " ho
tel. Mr. Bates fur prosecution, Mr. Blair for defence.
Defendent was charged'with selling liquor on Sunday
and had been convicted and fined $100 in the Police
Court. On appeal the judgment of the Court below
Tuesdat, 4th. The Court was chiefly occupied in
hearing motions, etc. Judges Allen and Robertson
Wedxesdat, 5th. J. Tilman r. Thomas Spencer.
Assumpsit, for moneys had and received for plaintiff 8
use. Messrs. Montgomery and Harris for the plain
tiff. Mr. Bates for the defendant. This was what
has become familiar to Honolulu juries as the 44 old
Nile case." Plaintiff claimed to have owned one eighth
of the ship Xik at the time she was seized and sold
in 1854, at suit of defendent, to recover the value of
supplies furnished by him to the Walter Claxton anoth
er vessel belonging to Bailey and Gilbert, the suppose!
owners of the Nile.
Verdict for plaintiff for one e'ghth part of the pro
ceeds received by defendant with interest from that
time, say 1,300.
Thursday, 6th. Henry Macfarlane vs. Peter Lar
kin, appealed from the Police Court This was an ac
tion for damages sustained by the collision of a bullock
cart driven by defendant's servant, with plaintiff's
carriage. The Police Magistrate had awarded 53 75
damages to Mr. Macfarlane. Defendant appealed.
Mr. Montgomery for Plaintiff ; Mr. Blair for de
fendant. This case, as the one preceding, occupied
the entire day. The jury went out about 7i o'clock
and almost immediately returned with a verdict con
firming the judgment of the Court below.
Friday axd Satcrday. The Court heard sundry
motions. On Monday the cases for the native jury
will be tried.
jy The Hawaiian whale ship Cynthia, is to sail
on Thursday next. She will probably be absent
about twelve months. Captain Sherman, who is
part owner, still sticks to his post, and we expect he
will be among the 44 high hooks" whenever or wher
ever reported. .
fW Our Whalemens Shipping List will be (bund
on the fourth page.
A 11111 mriil.
Since the days when Abel and Cain set up a bear
garden and quarrelled over the proceeds, amusements
have formed an integral element in the constitution of
the human mind, and 44 all work and no play makes
Jack a dull boy " is a proverb as old as the pyramids.
From the Esquimaux in the north to the Hottentot in
the South, there is a craving for amusement aud re
laxation from the thread-mill routine in which man's
necessities or his vices are constantly 44 keeping his
nose to the stone." The want is one and universal,
but the manner and the means of satisfying that want
are as varied as the figures in a kaleidoscope ; and in
this we distinguish the superiority of the civilized man
over the savage.
Assuming these things to be social axioms, we cannot
waste more time in describing the amusements of an
tiquity, in order to exhibit the relation between the
modern thimble-rig or Punch and Judy and their an
cient prototypes in the streets of Athens or the corri
dors of the Circus Maxiraus. Perhaps some day the
classical Professor at Punahou will deliver a lecture
upon English amusemeuts and their pedigrees ; his
ability is undoubted, and he may fiud time during the
Here in Honolulu we are an amusing set of people.
When the summer brings leisure, and leisure brings
ennui, we mope about like the fabled Lotos eaters of old.
A drive to Waikiki, a bath in the sea, and hanging
ourselves out to dry on the soft beach-sand, we
" Watch the crisping ripples on the beach.
And lender curving lines of creamy spray ;
And lend our hearu and spirits wholly
To the influence of inild-iuiuded melancholy ;"
and our amusements are of the quiet, domestic, dreamy
kind with hardly enough of breath in their body to
waft a gossip across the street.
But no soouer d the first whalers appear and, bon
yre muljre, we find ourselves up to our ears in busi
ness, than entertainments and amusements come like
fairy gifts, brilliant, charming, aud all that, but evan
escent as a sunbeam iu a storm : and between busi
ness and pleasure we are in a whirl of occupation.
We have no time just now to enlarge upon the above
singularity in our disposition and habits ; we must
hurry ou to the object of our present writing, which
was in connection with amusements, to mention the
expected arrival, by the next vessel, of a company of
performers not on the bones or the banjo, but on
the Swiss Bells. The company consists of three gen
tlemen and one lady, and are known in the musical
world as the
SWISS BE LINKING ERS,
and the dexterity and skill with which they are said
to 44 knock seven bells " out of their instruments is
represented as really wonderful, not to speak of the
44 sweet melody of sounds " which cannot fail to please
a community so musical as ours.
Wreck of I he Clipper Dark Mrliln.
By the arrival of the bark Bhering, Capt. Gelliat,
from the A moor River and Petropaulovski in 22
days, we learn that the American bark Melita. Capt.
l'olleys, was lost at the head of the Gulf of Tar
tary, off Cape Catherine, near the entrance of the
A moor river, while in charge of the pilot, on June
2'2d last. No lives lost. The vessel bilged and is a
total loss. One of the river schooners was occupied
in wrecking, and it was expected that the greater
portion of the cargo would be saved, though in a
Capt. Pollys and the officers of the Melita had
gone to San Francisco in the American schooner Louis
Perry, and one of the crew has come to this port in
the Bhcriiitf. The remainder of the crew had gone to
Hakodadi in a Russian steamer.
The B.'iering left the following vessels at Nicolagcffsky:
Aug. 18, Brig thro, from Honolulu, and the schooner
Emma from San Francisco.
A young friend of ours who has lately returned
here from San Francisco on a visit to his relatives had
his name placed in joke by the shipping masters there
upon the vessel's articles. On arrival he found by
the laws of the United States he could not leave the
vessel here without paying the U. S. Consul 36 00,
that amount being required in discharging men, and
had to give bonds he will leave the port in CO days,
and not come upon the Hawaiian Government for sup
port. The waggish shipping masters on learning the
trouble they have put their friend t, will no doubt
refund the amount he has been obliged to pay &' non
vero, e. ben trovalo.
The master of a schooner which has recently sailed
from here to islands of the Pacific, was talking with
an old friend, Capt. James of the water boat, near
Severance's store the other day, and thought the price
he charged for water was excessive. 44 Not so," said
Capt. James, 44 there is no one in the business but me,
and I hardly make a living." 44 How so," says the
Captain, looking up and pointing to the "Emporium "
opposite, 44 isn't that your office ? and I see a lot more
of WaUrhoustt in the other streets." James fainted,
and recovered only by application of Hoffman's Real
Parisian Lubin's Extract vigorously to his system.
The S. F. Mercantile Gazette is quite elated at the
idea that the whaleship William Wirt, of New BedforJ,
had obtained all her supplies of stores, water, &c, in
twenty-four hours, and, to cap the climax, 44 had not
lost a man by desertion during the twenty-four hours
That is really very good for San Francisco, 44 con
sidering." Here in Honolulu we have known whale
ships, however, to lay two months and not lose a man
by desertion. But then, Rome was not built in a day.
and beginning so well, there can be little doubt that,
by the time whaling is done for in this ocean San Fran
cisco will be able to bid high for the favors of the
Accident at Sea.
We are pained to learn that the estimable lady of
Capt. Bryant, of whaleship America, met with a se
rious accident, sometime in the early part of Septem
ber, occasioned by the breaking away of a heavy work
bench during a gale of wind, which was pitched with
great force to the lee-ward, bringing up against the
lee rail of the ship, where Mrs. B. happened to be
standing. For some days the worst consequences were
apprehended, but dates as late as Sept, 25, report her
as rapidly convalescing, and that no fears are enter
tained of a speedy and complete recovery.
We again make our best acknowledgements for
late favors in the newspaper line to Messrs. McRuer
& Merrill, J. W. Sullivan', Cha?. Walcott Brooks and
W. F. LadJ, all of San Francisco, and to Hackfeld &
Co. of this city.
The ship Eliza $ Ella sails to-day for Hong
kong with the balance of the Chinese passengers of the
burnt ship Mastiff. G. Clifford, Esq., also one of the
rescued passengers, goes down, to Hongkong in the
Eliza 4- Ella.
ST Among other omissions in last week's issue of
this paper, which we regret and apologise for, were our
acknowledgments for shipping memoranda to Capt.
Huntting of the ship Jefferson, and Capt Lassen of the
gr The shipping Memoranda has been omitted
necessarily, owning to the crowded state of our
CsT Our California advices inform us that our next
Atlantic mail will probably be received by the Northern
- 9 -
Late ami Important from China.
Severe Battle The Esglisu Forces Disastrous
ly Defeated. From the San Francisco Times we learn
that the bark Ssa AyA arrived at Victoria; V. I., on
the 13th ult, 37 days from Hongkong, with files of
China papers up to the day of sailing. The news is
The British naval forces at the mouth of the Pie-ho
made an attack upon the Chinese on the 25th of June,
and were disastrously defeated. The fleet consisted
of 12 vessels, mounting 28 guns and manned by 1,000
to 1,200 men.
There were 7 officers killed, and 23 wounded. The
affairs seems to have grown out of a misunderstanding
of the preliminaries to the exchange of treaties between
the allied ministers and the Chinese authorities, con
sequent on w hich an attempt was made by Admiral
Hope to force the passage of the Pei-ho.
The North China Herald says that the total loss is as
follows : British, total killed and wounded, 4G4 ;
French, 4 killed and 10 wounded (including Captain
Tricault of the Chuyle, wounded in the arm.)
A correspondent of the China Mail (Hongkong) says :
The belief is universd throughout the squadron that
Europeans manned the batteries, as well as Chinese.
Men in grey coats with close cropped hair and with
Russian features, were distinctly visible in the batter
ies, and the whole of the fortifications were evidently
designed by Europeans.
The Mail says :
The lamentable intelligence we have to convey by
this mail is a new difficulty with the Chinese authori
ties, which led to an attack on the 25th of June from
and upon the Taku forts at the mouth of the Pei-ho,
resulting in the total defeat of the British force, with
the less of no less than five gunboats, and between four
and five hundred men, or ubout one-third of our force
This matter will form a subject of Parliamentary dis
cussion. The Hon. Mr. Bruce has not the power to
collect troops for carrying ou a new war with China ;
and if he applies for assistance, as it is reported he has
doue, to the Governor-General of India, we trust that
I-ord Canning will not comply with the request until
her Majesty's government have had time to examine
into the whole affair. There is more in it than meets
the eye, and the most intelligent in this country those
the best acquainted with the Chinese are indisposed to
believe that the Chinese are entirely to be blamed.
Fire Daya later.
By the ship Maria, arrived at this port from Hong
Kong, we have dates to Aug. 9. From the Over
land Mail we quote :
Since then matters have gone from bad to worse,
and more unsatisfactory tidings than this mail com
municates, were never perhaps taken from China.
In the first place, as to the effect of the Peiho disas
ter upon political relations. The dispatch of Sang
kolinsin, the Tartar Generalissimo, (a translation
whereof is affixed,) duly appeared in the Pekin Ga
zette. This completely fastens upon the Chinese a
deliberate act of treachery, for whilst the General
issimo hoasts of the conception and perpetration of
the deed, the High Commissioners had studiously
by their fair promises completely discarded all ideas
of resistance from the minds of the members of the
Since the defeat, the British and French Ministers
have wisely forborne to negotiate with the Chinese
authorities, either directly or otherwise, and are ev
idently awaiting instructious from their respective
Nothing has been heard from the United States
Minister since the dispatch of the last maiL He
certainly proceeded north of the Peiho to the point
indicated by the Chinese authorities where an offi
cer of rank would meet and convey him to Pekin.
The Chinese have it that he has actually proceeded
thither; which would appear very probable.
Of llussian complicity to t&e disaster at Takow,
there can be no doubt whatever. The Cantonese
aver that Russian engineers built the forts, Russian
guns armed them and Russian artillerymen manned
The Coolie trade was breeding disturbance and
imprinting disgrace on the civilized nations engaged
The state of affairs at Japan has assumed a most
unsatisfactory position , and cannot be viewed with
out much anxiety. Mr. Alcock, the British Consul
General, duly proceeded to Yeddo, where he was
well received, and where he effected the interchange
of treaties on the 11th of July, with all the publici
ty and courtesy that could be desired or expected.
Instead however of the Japanese authorities pro
ceeding to carry out the treaty, they attempt to
evade it in the most barefaced manner conceivable,
and whe:her their motive power be repellency or
avarice, it is difficult to say. The points on which
the Japanese seek to vioLte the treaty, although
only two in number, still involve such vital princi
ples that it is impossible for the Consul General to
yield them. In the first place, instead of making
Kanagawa, (a convenient spot close to Yeddo,) the
the residence of foreigners us agreed upon, the Jap
anese have prepared an island some ten miles from
Yeddo, where they wish to exercise the same sur
veillance as they have done for so many years at
Desima. The second attempt to violate the treaty
consists in the currency question. The trick they
now play will explain the syttem. The old itzibon
was worth 33 cents. A new one has been coined
exclusively for foreign dealings, which by weight
and purity is worth 50 cents. The arrangement
seemed very fair, as it was supposed the new coin
would be a bona fide currency. True the Japanese
were compelled to take this coin from foreigners,
but it was forbidden to puss current amongst the
natives themselves so that all a Japanese could do
with the new coin was to take it to the Treasury,
where he would receive one old itzibn (33 cents)
for two new itzibons (one dollar.) I'. is needless to
say the result would be that every Japanese merchant
would be compelled in dealing with foreigners, to
charge thre times the market rate for everything he
sold, to make up this monstrous extortion. It will
of course be observed that such a trick could not be
played unless exchange worked against the foreign
er, which prevents the export of the precious met
als. The Consul General, who was still at Yeddo,
had issued a protest, and had in fact (topped the
Later Foretell lYews.
By the Ocean Express, Capt Willis, in 15 days from
San Francisco, we have news by the Overland Mail
from St Louis to Aug. 20, Boston Aug. 27, Liverpool
Aug. 17, and Queenstown Aug. 18 ; European dates
five days later than previous advices ; San Francisco
dailies to Sept. 21.
The Frances ralmer was advertised to sail for Hono
lulu on the 28th alt
Up to the 18th August the Zurich Conference had
made no progress in arranging the terms of the Peace.
The departure of the steamer Great Eastern has been
postponed till the loth of Sept
The Grand Duke of Tuscany had arrived in Paris,
and received a frank reception from the Emperor.
All the warnings to the French newspapers had been
A great fire had occurred in Liverpool, destroying a
large quantity of cotton and grain.
Senator Broderick and Chief Justice Terry, both of
California, had fought a duel from political causes in
which Senator Broderick was wounded and died after
a few days. Chief Justice Terry had been arrested.
A cargo of six hundred Africans has been landed
on the coast of Florida, near Tampa. As soon as the
landing was effected, the vessel was fired and aban
doned. This statement is made on the authority of
United States Marshal Blackburn.
L..4TKST FOREIGN' DATES.
Hongkong. - - - - Aug 9 Panama,- - -Liverpool,
- - - - Auk IS Pari. - - . -Manila.
.... Aug i;Saa Francisco, .
Melbourne, - - - - June 17j:t. LouU, - -Nangasaki
.... May 13i Tahiti - - - -New
Orleans, ... Aug 27 (Valparaiso, - -.New
York, - ... Aug 27, Victoria, V. I., -
- Sept 30
- sept a
- Sept 7
FJtWA Y, OCTOBEi: 7, ISi9.
Trade for the past week has improved, and we have now fairly
entered upon the "season." Since our last the award of salvage
to the British ship Achilles for taring the treasure ex M.im.j
has been reudered by the Court of Admiralty of the kingjuln)
and aiuounU to $7,500 with one-half costs of Court and one-tenth
of nett proceeds of the article saved sold at auction. Thi a
considered by many a small amount, but it apeared on CTiuVtu-r
before the Court that the boats of the MatiJ rendered efficient
assistance, and although it woulu undoubtedly have been grate
ful to the feelings of the passengers who were saved to have seta
Capt. Hart and the owners of the Achilles more hamlotn-ly re.
numerated for their providential instrumentality in -aving their
lives, it would not have been good law, it appears, to have t;lk)-n
Jultp Doe's or Richard Roe's money with which to have pid t:f
reward. Capt. Hart having received some testimonials of grati
tude from the Chinese, the Achillts sailed on the 2d for Syduv.
It is but justice to Capt. Hart to remark, that he sought the
award of the Court, not that he thought he should be datficl
with what might be obtained by private arrangement, but that
it would be better for him, as saving all future explanations and
trouble which might arise from his owners.
The ship Black arrived on the 2d from San Franci-ico,
bringing the V. S. mail of the :20th August and dates from that
place to the 17th Sept. The market was heavy, aud no chug.
in Wand produce. The Ovtr Exprtts arrived yesterday w,!h
dates lo the 2-Jd, confirming the market report per BUtek .V.i,
and bringing intelligence of the arrival of the France ij,r
on the UUh, after a passage of 15 day. Sales of her Sugars and
Syrup at the same figures as advised in our last ; Pulu at Ijc ana
Suit at $12 per ton, market supplied. The France Palm'r
would sail about the 30th for this, but we may expect the Fl-itng
Draj before her, which was to sail the 23d, having been char
tered for Sljanghae. A clipiwr ship, supposed to be the Chnrgr,
parsed by yesterday afternoon about the time of the arrival of
the Ocfaa Erpre. The Cmitnumtcfmlth and the Sortwri
Liijht were to sail also in a few days for Chiua, stopping here.
The Yanker sailed on Monday, having been detained by Capt.
Johnson of the 3atif, to await the rendering of the award of
the Admiralty Court. Site took a full cargo of produce, count
ing of molasses, sugars, salt and pulu, with a large pawiier
list freight aud passenger list amounting to about $l,'0i)
The G'oMt-lzit sailed Tuesday, the 4th, for Vancouver's l-lanj,
with 1 1 t,S-25 frs. sugar, S,16" galls, molasse, 2tlO sacks flour, and
The Eliza if EUs will sail to-morrow for Hongkong, taking the
Chinese passengers rescued from the Jiaxiiff, also the trea..urr
amounting to about f 75,000. Negotiations are pending for the
charter of the EUick t to load oil, etc., for the L' States.
The Blterimj arrived from Petropauloski yesterday, and re
ports the total loss of the Jftlihi, on 22d June, near the entrance
of the A moor River. She also brings intelligence of the ship
Mfimtugtr Bird, which hail been boarded off Petropauloski by
the employees of Win. II. Boardman. The captain made a fnr
enquiries, aud after they left filled away. It will be recollected
that when last reported, she left Tahiti bound to Sydney. The
persons iu Kamschatka had heard nothing of the barratry. The
Jfuiu-ka will sail on Monday for Shaughae. liy the mail of jth
August we learn that the Anuliytt, Capt. Studley, sailed fruui
New Bedfoad on the 13th August for this, to the consignment of
P. S. Wilcox, Esq., and the ship Sirt was laid oa Aug. i'th at
Boston to have immediate dispatch for Honolulu. The Daniii
clipper bark Jtiiriit, Ingermann, arrived to-day from Hongkong,
41 days passage, with a full assorted cargo of China goods, to the
consignment of Messrs. II. Hackfeld t Co. They come to a
good market, and will probably be submitted to public competi
tion at auction. There is but a small lot of cigars in the car o
The piers are full of accounts of the affair at the Peiho forts.
There was a superabundance of tonnage both in China and
Manila. Great difficulties had originated from the Coolie traffic,
and the Japan trade is in a most unsatisfactory state, and causes
feelings of the utmost anxiety. By private advices we learn that
the political troubles had created an advance in every article of
Chinese manufacture, and a general cargo like the M in-i
could not be made up at an advance of 10 per cent., even if the
selection could be effected.
Gciso Movements. The Oean Erprenn sails for Jarvis h
land to-morrow. The Ro(itlha sailed for Johnstone's Island oa
the oth, having engaged a party of laborers for 6 months, to he
replaced on the expiration of the term by others. The PaciSc
Guano Co, as before mentioned by ns, having received a perfect
title from the I'nitcd States Government, are now carrying on ,
the work of removing the guano, of which there is said to be an
unlimited supply of the best quality, found in strata, embedded
under a layer of drift sand. The I2otltha has also a full carca
of building materials and cars for the railway. We find in the
Alta California of Sept. I the following letter written by Capt
Brown of the Ocean BUe, noted by us as loading after the saii
ing of the Ablj Brotcn. As so much was said regarding sam
ples of the latter vessel's cargo when here repairing, we publish
it entire, in order to make amends for the currency given to the
unfavorable report :
JdllVSTO.Vs INLANDS, NoBTH PACIFIC,
July 21st, I35!. )'
I arrived here on the 1-Uh of Hay last, with 15 days passage
from San Francisco, making the island to the WSW. 1 hauled
to the South and followed the reef, keeping two miles distance
off from it, until the hill and flag kUtT Un the largest isiand
bore N. by VV.; theu ran direct for it, till within two miles dis
tance of shore, when I took a pilot and ran into the ancixirafe
without the least difficulty. My ship lays one mile from shore,
in nine fathoms water, at her own anchors, as securdv as she
would in San Francisco or New York harbor.
The holding ground is good, and the entrance easy and safe.
Ships coining here should make the Uiands beaiing W or HW,
ami follow round the SK eud of the reef. By so doing they will
fetch their anchorage with ea.se. Ou my arrival here I found the
ship Alitf Bivich, I'apt. Moody, loadiug. She tok a full caw
and sailed from here July 5th tor Hampton Roads, having g t
nnderweiph without the least trouble, and sailing directly to
with the wind ateain. The prevailing winds here are from t hy
S to E.N K, and blow with all the r;-eularity of trade wind in
those latitudes, in proof of which I remark that in no one in
stance has my ship swung round. The anchorasre, where 1 ly
abreast of the large island, is sutli. irut for half a doxen .hips,
and the harbor extends from my position, in shore, nearly ha.f a
mile, and is equally as safe as where I ai.i now lying. I am iui
formed by Capt. Moody that there is equally good aud safe an
chorage abreast of the small Island.
.Since my arrival here the wharf has been built out from the
large island a sufficient distance to float and bring off lighters ut
low tide its lenirth being something over five hundred feet, upon
which a railroad track has been laid, extending to the pit where
my guano is taken tooin. The depth of guano at the place now
ojh-ii is about four ff.
I have now about tons on board, and am taking on 5tts
per day. I bring my guano off in lighters of from eight to ten
tons capacity, under sail, with a free wind both ways ; the aver
age time required to sail on and off does not exceed fifteen min
utes each way. I am using the two lighters brought down from
San Francisco in the ship .'t'iinHt. They work finely, and carry
the cargo dry and in good order. I think you will do well lo
adopt their iinxlel, mainly with au increase, perhaps, of two tons
capacity. The car now used upon the railroad is not the thinf
for permanent service; you should send down two rail cars with
iron wheels and axels, and two mules. With these increased
facilities, and two more lighters, yon can, with a force of 15 men,
ship lift tons of guano per day, with ease. I shall take about
I, OuO tons more cargo, and hope to leave here within 25 day. I
am getting a good cargo. The quantity of
guano here is large, and the natural advantages Uvr hwding
ship, are superior to any guano island within my knowledge.
JH.N BROWN, Jr., of ship Belle.
The Aatt, with Governor A M Goddard on board, sailed for
McKeau's Island on the 6th. She baa on board much material
for perfecting the arrangements to load there. We notice thit
the clipper ship Ckallmger, cleared from San Francisco Sept t-'
for llowland's Island, but it was supposed to be a blind, h-r
destination being Maiden's Island.
Whalixo Flkkt The arrival of the Elisa AhiiH on Monday
with a large hail, and more favorabte report, followed by that
of the Wm CXye to-day, gives a more cheerful look to matters
pertaining to the fleet than previously advised. Such encour
agement is needed, for the exhibit of the merchants' ledgers for
the past 2 years shew a different statement to that of the com
pilation from "Hunt's Merchant's Magazine, as stated in the
commercial article of the P C Advertiser of Uie 5th Oct, which
must have been for the four years preceding 1358. No busines
ever paid a gain of 46 per cent on investment, which was the
subject of such general complaint as th Whaling business. The
tenor of all the mercantile correspondence received here on that
subject, is to the same effect, via, that the Business has been a
losing one for the past 3 years.
TRA DE slowly improves, as the fleet is very backward. At
auction sales much dullness is apparent Private sales in quan
tities have been made at our last week's quotations. A e
connection has been formed in the General Ship Chandlery
sines, Mr. P.S.Wilcox joining Messrs. C. L Richards h Ce
and becoming the senior, nnder the style of Wilcox, Richards
Co., and Uiey will occupy the newly erected premises of the b
EXCHANGE Same as our las t quotations; we hear of mom
being advanced for the coming season, payable in good bills af
ter the 1st January, at 5 per eent discount. From late Victoria
papers we notice the crusade against gold had reached tbst
place sovereigns quoted at 4 80. $13,000 in coin was reef f
ed here by the Yankee, and 119,500 per Black Sea.
FLOUR. Owing to the abundance of wheat, the mill at S
Maui has been able to throw their Floor Into the market, deU
erable at Lahaina, for $7 per bM. This haa been met by a eor
resmonding fall in price byth Honolulu Mill, and tbeyoff
their at $9 per bbL There is a surplus her of 15,00" to !0.