Newspaper Page Text
entimPDts bat courts of equity do sit to enforce, in
many cases, the observance of legal or technical
morality, between parties who assume towar.Ls etch
other, those relations which peculiarly demand the ex
ercise of mutual good faith. 114 Mr. Coady himself
openly become the purchaser, and taken the convey
ance, and so hare made himself tenant in common with
the complainant, as to that part of the property which
belonged to Howe's representatives, that circumstance,
while it might have prevented the specific performance
of the contract of November, 1S1, would not h ive
precluded the complainant, in case Coady had refused
to bUT out his interest, irora seesiug uie rorei iu . uc
J . . -.- - .i . . . i i : .. :
now seeks, Til ; t panmua ui iuc auu um-
sion of the rents and profits. In fact, the case as now
presented, occupies that predicament.
That the pleadings present such a case as entitles
the complainant to relief at the hands of this Court.
I think there can be no doubt, and the next question
is, in what form, or on what principle, shall that, re
lief be afforded ? The Chief Justice, in the interlocu
tory decree which has been appealed from, treats the
case npon the principle, that the agreement of Nov.,
1851, not having been carried out by the parties, t
the time specified ; the right of CoaJy to the exclusive
occupancy of the lower story of the building having
terminated on the 28th day of October, 1855 ; and
Coady having, through Bullions, become the purchaser
of an undivided half of Howe's interest in the build
ing, and an undivided half of the land, the several
parties held thenceforth as tenants in common of both
the building and the land ; and awards the complain
ant a quarter part, not only of the rents received from
the building since that date, but the like share in what
he terms Ground rent, represented by legal interest on
the sum of 84,500, the value at which Coady was!
bound to take the land, provided lie oougui out wic m
teresUof Howe, or his representatives, in the building,
under the terms of the contract
So far as that decree treats Mr. Coady as a tenant in
common with the complainant, .in the building and
laud, and requires the respondent to accouut for rents
and profits received thererrora, t nearuiy cuuuur iu me
same. It follows the prayer of the complainant's bill ;
it is consistent with the only mode oi renei, pernaps.
which ifi eomnatible with all the circumstances ; and
;t makoa iu nw Anntntct between the partie-, being
simply the consequence of their own voluntary con
tracts. Coady's interest in the building being an un
divided three fourths, entitles the respondent to retain a
corresponding share of the rents received, after allow
iug the complainant one fourth part of the interest on
the capital invested in the land, in the nature of ground
rent, so that each may share according to his respective
interest in the nrODertv as a whole. But, I think the
decree ought to require the respondent to account for
rent, at an estimated value, for the lower s'ory of the
building, during the time that Coady continued to oc
cupy the same himself, after the 28th of October, 18-j
This seems to me necessary to complete the fund which
is to be distributed, nd to give the complainant the
full benefit of the relief ct ntemplated by the decree.
It is contended by the respondent's counsel that the
interest- or irround rent, onsrht not to be calculated
upon $4,500, which is much above the real value of
the land, but upon the actual value, 10 oe ascenamcu
from year to year. It appears to me that there is
weight in this objection. The decree being simply for
an aocount and distribution of actual rents and profits,
should, in order to be consistent in itself, adhere to the
same principle throughout. But, if the ground rent
is calculated upon an assumed value placed upon the
land, and taken as conclusive against me respuuueui,
because Mr. Coadv trreed to that valuation for an en
tirely different purpose, then, it seems tome that the
relief granted by this part ot tne decree, is .in me u
tureof damages in favor of the complainant, and so
becomes inconsistent with the principle of relief upon
which the decree is predicated.
I am of the opinion that the interlocutory decree,
and order of reference, should be so nvidiSed as to in
clude rent for the lower story of the building, f r the
time during which the same was occupied by Richard
Coady, or by Coady & Co. subsequently, to the 28th
of October, 1855 ; so that the ground rent, or interest,
shall be calculated npon the actual rel itive value of the
land, to be ascertained with reference to the times at
which rents accrued, or were received ; and that the
same stand affirmed, with these modifications.
nad the complainant filed his bill at any time ante
cedent to the conveyance of the legal title to Richurd
Coady. as against John C. Bullions, I think it would
have been possible to have pursued another and per
haps more efficient mode of relief, upon the basis of a
specific performance of the contract of November,
1851. Bu as the case now stands, I consider the
complainant entitled to all he asks for, and to all that
is now granted, although I think he has, to some ex
tent, slept upon his rights.
Chief Justice Allen : I concur in the above decision.
Mr. Harris for complainant.
Mr. Bates for respondent,
noiiolulu, 15th August, 1859.
TO THE EDITUB OP THE POLYXESIAX.
Sir : It is rather an extraordinary thing for a native
to be drowned close to shore, but it is a case that may
happen, m the foil wing instance shows. There is a
large mck in the sea near the harbor of Hana , lying
off from the hill which is called Ke Iwio Pete, and
about a quarter of a mile from it There two elderly
men went to fish in a canoe Tuesday the 11th inst A
chance breaker upset it The one who was drowned
got on top of the canoe, the other set to diving to re
cover the little articles lost He had brought up the
most of their store after diving three or four times, and
spoke to his comrade at each trip he made. On coming
up for the fourth time that comrade was missing. He
thought nothing of this at first, supposing he had dived
to loosen the rope of the canoe, but becoming uneasy at
his non-appearance, he dived in search of him, and
found him lifeless at the bottom. He brought up the
body and called for assistance, which was speedily ren
dered and the body brought to the shore; but as life
seemed extinct, no effort was made to resuscitate the
unfortunate man. His name is Paaoao. ne was sub
ject to a species of asthma, naenae, and it is probable
that some attack of this had incaptcitated him from
making the exertion necessary to save himself. Wheth
er he had voluntarily left the canoe for the purp se of
recovering some article lost, or had been cast from it
by a fresh wave is uncertain. I think, however, that
had the usnil means for the recovery of those in whom
respiration is suspended, been employed, there is a
probability that his life might have been preserved
Should this meet the eye of the editor of the Hoe
Hawaii, it might perhaps suggest to him the expediency
of publishing in his journal the directions which are
given as to the proper means of proceeding in similar
cases. The natives in the vicinity of the accident never
imagined that there was any possibility of restoring ani
mation. I am, sir, your ob't servant, P. K.
Hana, East Maui, Nov. 14, 1859.
Batoka mmd Pic tar?.
Our cotemporary thinks that books and pictures are
a drug here, because the auction sale on Saturday last
is said not to have covered two-thirds of the cost of
the books and less than half the cost of the pictures.
It speaks feelingly, perhaps ; and some of the books
were really splendid specimens, but the pictures,
well, they are works of art, consequently matters of
taste, and we think that the greater part will match
admirably with cottage furniture and cheap china.
We understand that the invoice of pictures came from
New Bedford ; if so, we are much puzzled to know
whether they were sent out here to clear out the print
shops at borne, or if the shippers really thought that
such things would fetch more in this country than the
cost of the frames and the glass.
Amwci ! a Qaevlloav
The Advertiser asks in what the audience at the last
Dashawsy lecture was " enwrapped," mentioning sev.
era! Hems, by way of suggestion. We can tell him, as
he is so anxious fur a reply, that it was not Drigg'a at
tempts at wit, as displayed in that paper at times, tow
had that been the ease, hot as the evening was, every
member of the audience would hire been frozen to
SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 3G. 1859.
In writing about the Hawaiian Islands and
their population, the writers almost invariably
run into one of two extremes, whereby the cor
rectness of their pictures is marred and the reader
misled. Either the writers ignore the native
population entirely, as a political and social
clement ; they treat of it as something past, de
funct, without the smallest power of influencing
the condition, prospects and progress of the
foreign-descended class of the inhabitants ; they
only bring in sketches of Hawaiian life, manners
and insdes of thought as episodes to supplement
their narratives, or to round the corners of their
tableaux ; and with these writers the foreigner is
everything and the native nothing or else the
power and influence of the loreign-born residents
to modify, amend and elevate the native is grossly
under-valued. Writers of this latter class, with
their faces to the past, see no light in the present,
no hope in the future ; and religiously noting and
collecting every bubble and chip which the current
of the stre tu heaves along, they deny that the
stream itself grows clearer and purer us it recedes
from the noxious past. Bctwcm these two, as
between every other two extremes, there is a mid
dle path which many have crossed, but few have
followed. The difficulty being not so much in
ascertaining the impulse aud direction of progress
generally imparted by the foreigner, as perhaps
rather iu ascertaining the vim inertia, the moment
um of resistance which native habits, thoughts
and feelings have opposed to un advancement,
which not seldom owed Us failure or delay to the
unfortunate choice of its means, even when native
prejudice did not oppose it.
4 Stop there !" we hear some querulous critic
say. " Are you off on one of those favorite dis
cussions of yours upon Hawaiian vitality and Ha
waiian progress, which you believe in ex officio,
and we disbelieve dt facto 7"
We arc not, this time. But knowing that two
versions of Hawaiian history are in process of
being written, we felt in duty bound to utter our
warning and protest against the manner in which
everything Hawaiian has hitherto been treated by
either transient or resident writers. Aside from
that consideration, we are sorry to disturb your
equanimity, Mr. Critic, but your belief -or disle
lief does not alter the facts nor the immutable
order of things. You stick to the fact of the
decrease of the Hawaiians and the fact of their
immoralities. We beg your pardon for saying so,
but you are near-sighted and superficial. You see
the scum and the froth which the working of their
transition brings up on the surface, and, without
further inquiry, you consider that to Iw the nor
mal state of the people. Because, until lately,
no systematic attempt (in fact no attempt at all)
has been made to check that decrease and cure
that disease which you know to be accidental in
their origin and transient in their ravages, you
shrug your shoulders and pronouuee them incura
ble. And as regards the immoralities of which
you complain, you make no allowance for tempta
tions which the people have not yet learned to
resist ; and, instead of comparing them with
themselves at different periods, you compare them
with standards of public morality that required
centuries for their development and recognition,
and which, after all, are but too often violated
Ret am f Ilia Majewiy.
Yesterday morning His Majesty the King returned
from Lahaina and was saluted from the fort on Punch
Bowl Hill. His Majesty was rather unwell and has
not received since his return.
Mr. II. Holstein, Manager of the Royal Hawaiian
Agricultural Society's garden at Kaimuohena inNuuanu
Valley, has politely sent us a sample of the new crop
of rice raised in the above garden. The rice is small
in size, but clean in appearance and well formed. Its
hue is a little dark at present, but Mr. Holstein thinks
that that will disappear as the grain grows Her and
dryer. Mr. Holstein demonstrates, by actual expe
rience, that the common taro lands will grow three
crops of rice a year, yielding together 12,000 pounds
of rice to an acre, equivalent, according to market val
ue at home, to from five to six hundred dollars per
acre at an expense of only 915 per acre. If this be so
and there is no better authority in this country on
these matters we hope that the subject will be brought
home to the native population by every means at the
disposal of the Native Agricultural Society. Whatever
be the merits of Mr. Holstein's metaphysical, physiolog
ical and ethnological opinions, as indicated in his com
munication to the Advertiser, there are few men better
qualified to judge in agricultural matters of what can
be done profitably or not in this country. Without
therefore confounding his sociological notions with his
experimental knowledge, we are inclined to look upon
his success in the rice-culture as a starting poiut in ag
ricultural development to which our grandchildren
may refer as the making of these islands and one of the
props of their independence.
We will at once put our own surplus taro lands un
der rice cultivation and induce our neighbors to do the
satfrfc. There are yearly some 200,000 pounds of rice
imported here, costing us about $10,000 that may be
furnished at home, and California imports certainly
some 9,000,000 pounds of rice yearly at an average price
of about four cents per pound, of which trade our far
mers would have a very handsome slice, if they would
wake up to the advice of Mr. Holstein.
The Firwl Fred Stare ia Ilaaalata.
It often happened in former days that if a man
wanted a bag of oats for his horse or a cwt of corn
meal for himself, if he wanted California onions or Ka
waihae potatoes, he had to seek from one auction room
to another, or cauvass his friends for balances and bits,
and after paying them well, to thank them in the bar
gain. But though whaleships are fewer and their
catches are slimmer than ever, yet this kind of busi
ness has increased, until Mr. A. D. Cartwright (broth
er to A. J. Cartwright, Esq.,) has supplied that grow
ing want of a feel-store in Fort streeet, just below the
corner of Hotel street, where, as will be seen by his
advertisement ia another column, he keeps constantly
on hand all sorts of chicken fixings, horse feed and
human provender. Many a sweet temper has been
spoiled, and many an oath gone op to the registrar
public of human affairs, by hunting the town all over
on a hot day for what could not be found ; it u there
fore now hoped that the public will keep its temper,
and patronize the I'erd Store.
Marar, bmm( foal!
On Sunday morning last, a Utile before 3 o'clock,
the wife of a Chinaman, named Ay an. and employed
in the drugstore of J. M. Smith & Co., corner of
Hotel and Fort streets, was cruelly stabbed by some
concealed assassin, and expired from the effects of
the wound about 8 o'clock the same morning, 'lhc
atfair, as we gather from the xamiiiutioii Wt'ore the
Coroner, is this :
On Saturday night Ayan ami his wife Inuika,
went to bed about 10 o'clock, and between 2 and 3
o'clock in the morning the woman awoke, as she
thought, from hearing somebody walking on the floor
or on the planks outside of the door of the room.
The door was not locked, and there was no li.ht in
the room. Partly awake and somewhat alarmed,
the woman sat up in the bed and threw back the
curtain in front of the bedstead, but in the act of
doing so, and as she was facing outward, she was
stabbed in the stomach, by some unseen hand, with
a large kitchen knife, inflicting a horrid gash and
severing the bowels completely. She immediately
fell backwards upon her husband, Ayan, who was
sleeping on the inside of the bed, and in falling
received another long, ripping wound in the thigh,
and the knife was left sticking in the wound, twisted
up with her garments and the bedclothes. On her out
cry the husband awoke, and sung out for the other in
mates of the same yard to bring light and assistance.
The assassin, however, had made good his escape, but
left the knife and hatchet in the room, and a pair of
bhoes on the rail of the fence adjoining. Before the
woman expired she was asked if she knew the assassin,
aud if it was her hub.inI, to which she distinctly an
swered No. The Coroner's inquest was convened, but
on the request of the Attorney General the verdict was
deferred for a day or two until the police could have
had some opportunity to unravel this horrid aifiir; and
$200 reward was ottered for the apprehension of the
assassin. During Monday and first part of Tuesday
nothing transpired until in the afternoon, when it
was found that the knife, hatchet and shoes belonged to,
or had been in the d lily occupation of a Chinaman,
"employed as cook by Mr. Charles Brewer 2d, up iu
Nuuanu Valley. The Chinaman, named Aheo, was im
mediately arrested, and on Wednesday the examination
before the Coroner was resumed, when sufficient testi
mony was elicited to lead the jury to believe that the
blow was intern! 1 for the husband, and not the wife,
by Aheo, in revenge upon Ayan. The verdict is as
An investigation taken at Honolulu, Island of Oahu,
on the 20th, 22d and 23d days of November, in the year
185'J. before John H. Brouu, Esq., Sheriff of Oahu, one
of the Coroners of said island, upon the body of Louika,
there lying dead, on the 20th inst.. by the oaths of the
jurors whose names are hereunto subscribed, who be
ing sworn when, how, nd by what means the said
Louika came to her death, upon their oaths do say.
That she came to her death on the 20th instant, be
tween the hours of three and four o'clock, upon the
premises of Drs. Hillebrand & Smith, in Honolulu
aforesaid, by wounds inflicted upon her with a knife, or
other sharp instrument, in the hands of Aheo, as we
Zu testimony whereof, the said Coroner and the Ju
rors of this inquest have hereunto set their hands the
day and year aforesaid.
Chas. R. Bishop, J. Filler,
Jamks M. Gbeex, Wji. A. Aldrich,
IIesuy W. Severance, 1). M. Westox.
JOHN II. BROWN,
Sheriff of Oahu, acting as Coroner.
The Chinaman, Aheo, was at once arrested for ex
am iuat:on and trial.
There are srvernl reflections growing out of this sad
but horrid affair, which unavoidably force themselves
upon almost every mind, and one is the insecurity to life
and property from some of the vilest coolies that ever
escaped hanging in their own countries. The thought
less importation of coolies, a few years ago, because
they were cheap labor, is now producing some lamenta
ble fruit in the shape of burglary and murder.
Corrrrt with a few Exception.
The Ad'xrliser notices a rw between two sailors at
the Liberty Hall boarding house, and calls it .WAtA
Amusements." It siys that the row commenced on
Suuday morning, continued through the day and
"wound up at night by a smart pugilistic encounter,"
&c. The above is no doubt correct with a few excep
tions, viz : It was Saturday night apd not Sunday
morning that the row took place; instead of being " pro
longed throughout the day (Sunday) by way of diver
sion," it was all over and the man's wound dressed by
2 o'clock on Sunday morning ; instead of several dis
putants and a general row, there were only two con
cerned ; and instead of a " pugilistic encounter," it
was a lign-iatic assault of one man upon another.
With the above few exceptions the Advertiser is proba
bly correct ; and perhaps some of them may be explained
on the assumption that its penny-a-liner was a Jew.
That disputes, and sometimes rows, will occur at
sailor boarding houses is perhaps not what should be,
but still is in the nature of things, and, unless accom
panied by peculiar atrocity or serious consequences,
would not often be noticed except through a r.gular
police reporter, and even then it would be free from
so many errors as our cotemporary has contrived to
crowd into so short a space.
We are not specially favorable to the hotels in the
city, for many, if not most of them, are busily engag
ed under cover and protection of the present liquor
laws, which the Advertiser wishes to see retained without
amendment or retision, in poisoning the natives with
Honolulu beer, whtch being a domestic product, no
spirituous drug, and subject to no inspection, is freely
aud lawfully sold to the native, when a glass of table
wine, or English ale is prohibited under a heavy fine.
Still if a person is to be drawn and quartered, let it
be upon a correct indictment and not on a jumble of
false statements as above noticed.
Where doctors are called in, however, to " repair
damages," we think the usage if not the law should be
that the landlord pays the bilL
This band of negro delineators having taken the
large room in the rear of the Merchants' Exchange
Hotel, which has been handsomely fitted up, and bril
liantly lit with gas, by W. E. Cutrell, the proprietor,
give performances there every evening to pleased
audiences. To those who have the blues, and to those
who have not, but are fond of this extravaganza repre
sentation of the bright side of an American institution
we can recommend an evening's hearing of " Mike
Mitchell's Minstrels." The comfortable arrangement
of the interior reflects great credit on the carpenter,
C7 On Thursday morning last the body of John
Pitt Einau, a young native chief of very high rank,
was brought down from Hawaii, where he died, to re
ceive the funeral honors due his rank. The day of the
funeral has not yet been decided on.
7 We understand that it has been determined to
repair the Wailuku bridge forthwith, four new cables
having been purchased wherewith to strengthen the
bridge. The materials and the workmen, we learn,
will go up by the next vessel. ' '
iTfce !Ii'BrCaiiar lm Ibe Sa4wk-h
By an advertisement in another part of to-day's
paper, it will be seen the Agency of the Hon. Hud
son's Bay Co. in these Islands is about to close-, mid
w hile we reluctantly bid it farewell, we think this a
due and fitting occasion to speak of and to praise
our departing acquaintance.
At what pre.-i.se period the Hudson's Bar Compa
ny first opened commercial relations with these is
lands we have not the means of ascertaining. We
know, however, that os early as the summer of 1829,
Richard Charlton, English Consul at Honolulu, re
ceived consignments from the Company's station at
Columbia River, and acted us its agent, until the
summer of 1834, wheu Mr. Geo. Pelly, having been
sent out by the Company from London, arrived
here and established a regular, permanent agency
in Honolulu ; the occasion being that the Company
might have an cutlet for the salmon and lumber
from its possessions on the N. W. Coast. For many
years the Company kept their quarters in the build
ing lately occupied by Messrs. Ilorfschlaeger and
Stapenhorst on Nuuanu street, but in I84G they
leased the land now occupied and built the present
spacious and well arranged buildings on Queen
street, where they have remained ever since. Asa
mercantile house, in all that Constitutes the credit
and glory of a merchant, the Hudson Bay Compa
ny's Agency here stood and stands in the foremost
rank. It has been a sort of commercial moderator,
a nn-rcantile balance-whet I when fluctuations seized
on others. The withdrawing of their agency from
this place is, we learn, now owing to the fact that
the discovery of the gold mines at Frazer River and
consequent settlement, occupation and organization
of the adjacent country under a separate civil gov
erzment, while it removed the cause of the agency,
has given new employment for its capital nearer
Speaking in behalf of the Hawaiian Government it
would be ungrateful on our part, did we not honorably
mention and gratefully acknowledge the uniform, un
wavering kindly feeling ever manifested by the Com
pany and its Agents towards this Government, and that
at times of its greatest trouble and uecessity.
Mr. Bissett, the preseut Agent of the Company, has
not yet beeu a year in his place, but he has known how
to win those golden opinions which last a life time, and
we say again that we reluctantly bid adieu to the II. B.
Company and its worthy Agcut.
Conalera sal Iliirbor Inipravruaeuta.
The Liholiho thoroughly refitted, with a new main
mast and complete new rigging fore and aft, her cabin
accommodations repainted and refurnished, sailed on
Wednesday for Laupahoehoe nd Ililo under the com
mand of her old native pilot Kapuahi, who has been in
her in that capacity for the past three years. She had
a large freight, consisting in part of the frame of the
new Catholic Church to be erected on Hawaii, and
chains aud other material for repairing Wailuku bridge.
Messrs. A. Harris & Co. also sent up at this time the
new buoy to be placed off their station atLuipahoehoe.
This consists of a 350 gallon cask, covered with felt and
zinc ; the mooring chain is 1 J inch, attached to a 2000
lb. anchor. It will be placed in about 20 fathoms water.
The expense, amounting to about $400, is wholly
borne by this enterprising firm, and it will soon be re
turned to them in the saving of wear and tear of ma
terial aud time. A large and powerful capstan also
went up, to be used in heaving 'heir heavy boats on
land. Such energy and enterprise in business deserves
mention and praise.
Plaza Halelv San Fraaciaca.
This hotel so centrally and pleasantly situated is now
under the management of Messrs. R. S. J. Bailey and
Jno. N. Bradley, gentlemen perfectly competent for the
charge, and to give the utmost satisfaction to those who
favor them with their custom. The charges are very
moderate, for a first class hotel, being $6 per week for
board, and lodgings at the different rates of 50 cents,
75 cents and $1. Mr. Bradley is an old member of
the fraternity, formerly of the Boston Daily Mail and
possesses that knowledge of what is required by the
public, either literary or otherwise, which we flatter
ourselves distinguishes this craft more than any other.
We take great pleasure ia recommending our citizens
who may visit San Francisco to the kind offices of the
above named gentlemen.
LATEST FOREIGN' DATES.
; Panama,- - .
- g-pt 24 Pari. - - - .
- Aug t San FrauriKo,
- fept S ft. Loum, - .
- Auk 22 Tahiti - - -
- Svpt Valparaiso, - -
- - Oct 5, Victoria, V. I., -
Ml DAY, NOVEMBER Uth, IS59.
The basineet usual to this period of the year, when many Tes
tels of the whaling fleet are ahipping their crews and closing
their accounts, preparatory to leaving port, has been apparent
for the past week. But a few more are to arrive ; for some of
whom much anxiety was beginning to be felt, when the appear
ance of the Drtatcare on Thursday, with report of the Fnitk, con
cerning which there had been floating rumors of disaster, but
not to be traced to any reliable source, considerably relieved the
pervading feeling. The Faith had put in to FetropauloAi leaky,
to b condemned ; 700 bhls., with the bone, were shipped by
the DrUicarr, and 41)0 bbla, on board the brig Hero, which hap
pened to be there at that time. Capt. Rice, with some of the
crew, are on board of the latter vessel, not yet arrived ; a por
tion came on the Dtltnrure.
The Midas has sailed for New Red ford with 1 1 ,669 galls, sperm
oil, 81,69tt galls, whale oil, and 6.0H9 Ss. whalebone, on freight.
The BoiciiU-h baa been purchased by Mesars. C. A. Williams k
Co. The whaling gear of the Wacelet was sold on the Hd at low
The whalesliip Ionia arrived to-day from Lahaina, and is
now under the control of her agents, D. C. Waterman Co.
IliiciiVT Tbsaku The schooner 7otMfoarrivedonthe I9th
with lumber from Puget Sound ; she will sail immediately for
Victoria, having discharged her cargo. The Yankee, ot the R.
D. L., will sail about the 1st December for Sao Francisco. The
Ware! ft will immediately follow her. The Vaskinftvn, AUMm
is daily looked for from Boston, being now 157 days out. The
ship J. Godfrey is advertised to leave Boston in all October.
She is a fine Tef set and belongs to the new line of Messrs. Wio.
Thwing k Co., represented here by J. C. fpalding.
From the P. C. AdvertUer we learn that the ship Ocean Ex
prtM arriTed at Jarris Inland on the 20th Oct., 12 days froia
Honolulu, and was loading at the rate of 70 tons per day. The
Jonah Bratllee sailed Thursday for the above island.
Among the most noteworthy items of the past week is the In
telligence that the Hudson Bay Co.'s mercantile establishment
here, so long and favorably known to our busines community,
has received instructions from London to close the Agency at
these Islands and their Agent to remove to Vancouver. Mr. J.
Bissett has consequently advertised the stock, etc., for sale.
Trad, as we noted above, is as stirring as usual atUiisseasoa,
but the amount transacted is smaller than for many years past,
and the profits ia proportion. Ia leading articles we q iote
BREAD Foreign 7cSc, Hawaiian 7c.
BEEF Hawaiian !0, American mess scarce, sales at (17 50.
COFFKE Sales at lac Held at 19 cents for Koaa.
FLOUR Hawaiian $9, California 9.S', Gallego $123$ 1 3.
MOLASSES Small stock on hand. Tb H ilo plantations re
cently started 400 btils. into the Wailuku, as the price realised
Iron shipment to San Francisco would not pay expense of con
tainers, freight to this from plantation, etc.
PORK Sales at $19 for prime.
PUl.C The Kaluna, from Puna, brought down about 13,000
PCGAR Best grades at 7.Se ; IM kegs sold for shipment per I
SALT-150 tons shipped per Yankee and 80 tons per Toande,
on makers' account.
Accnoa S.uts. The following prices were obtained at a sale
by A. P. Kverett on the Mth, at which there was a good at
Siriped Kersey shirts $13 50 pr do ; hickory do $5 S3 ; Ker
sey under do $7 75 ; denim frocks $4 73 ; Gnernsey do J ; bro
gans si V per pr j mixed shirts $6 75il; drawers $ 25;
colored sewing cotton 31 . V 4a V; carpet slippers $1 perpr;
brown cotton hf hose $S ; ladies' slippers 75&8IC ; royal blue
shirts 12 25; baiedo$C; juen diaper 12c; matches 25f37c
pr gross ; figured Coburgs 26V ; enamelled brogans $1 ; calf do
Sic ; Ix-ghorn uarrow brim hats 50c; do broad brim 62c; Tus
can do 50c; straw do 31ciffi43c; as-std blue edged nappies 93c ;
asstd bowls 7c; teapots 2ocTf3lc; sugar bowls 25c ; black tea
Hts 16o&18c ; a.t'l howls $1 prdox ; large do . ; China rattan
cltairs $i 50 ; Poucboog tea te ; China rice &X ; Manila rope,
small, I;!1 ; pipes 6fr.slc pr gross. Hawaiian beef J?:ff3 50;
51.000 No 3 .ManUa cigars W.V- Liquors 30 csks Bar
clay it Perkins' porter 2 5o.2f 2 15 pr dox; 10 casks pints do
$1 M&H CS pr dot ; CO cs sherry, in bond, So 25 7 25; 5 cs
Cognac do ; 50 cs claret, duty paid, $3 ls$"2 W ; 90 cs
scliuapi3, in bond, S3 56V2$1 67 ; Lubin's Extract (genuine) at
J. F. Colburn, on the same day, sold the residence and prem
ises on Liliha street, belougiug to the estate of the late II. F
Poor, Esq , Tor $S70.
" EXCHANGE During the past fortnight there has been a de
mand lor silver fire-fraurs, for ships which ii-ud touching at
Ilakodadi. and a small amount has been purchased for this pur
pose at par, giving in exchange American halves and quarters.
This barter trade aroe from the fact that as the currency in Ja
pan is for foreign silver in exchangali'e weight with Japan silver,
an J as the five-franc piece weighed more than two a merican half
dollars, (as will be seen by reference to the table of Japanese
Weights and Measures published by us to-day), it paid the ex
porter so to do. We are glad to see this outlet for the five-franc
piece, as it will soon summarily settle the qacstiou at issue be
tween the modest (?), seli'-styled mercantile orgau aud ourselves
regarding them. But assuming the fact that silver flve-frane
pieces are at 'J per cent, premium, as quoted by the . '. Ad
xertixer of i-lth, (one party only that we can find offering that,
in onlrr to corner the nisrket for a legitimate trade which al
ways springs up at this time, and which he has been accustomed
to do some years back, and stiil wished to retain if possible,)
so far from militating against our theory, maintains it. The h
sition assumed by us is that the dollar of account here is not the
dull tr in fie United St tit' hy some WQ, 12 per cent, difference.
Let us ask our Contemporary, with our accustomed presump
tion, since -he has brought up the subject and has got his hand in
again : Suppose this community was to receive and pay out and
make the ruee (which Is worth only 4k) the dollar of account,
would not the five-franc piece be at a premium of the difference
between sHc and 90c, or Ii4 per cent. All we have further to
say on this subject is, that after this year's business is over, the
merchants will be ready, instead of doing business in a currency
with this exchange against them of from 10 to 12 per cent, to
adopt that of the United States, by driving out of circulation any
but the money of that country in both metals, as they have al
ready nearly done in gold.
Bills on San Francisco p:ir S per cent, premium ; Whalers'
Bills on the East the same. A sale of Mexican dollars made at
7 per cent, premium.
We are under obligations toJi. F. Snow, Esq., for the Circular
of exhibits of arrivals and departures to the latest dates from
Japan, (for which see shipping " Memoranda,'') and also of Ja
panese Weights aud Measures iu commercial use, with extracts
from Harris's Treaty with Japan of July 29th, IS53. We also re
turn thanks to Messrs. Fred'k L. Hanks k Co. for Hakodadi
prices current of the cost of articles of supplies to whaleships,
made use of in a comparative table of expense of recruits at the
JAPANESE WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
10 Sins . I Esharko.
le Esharko 1 Itsejo or Joe.
V7 " .. I Tarny.
2 Tarny I Harke.
1 Esharko .
1 Harke... .
- 54 Feet.
... .....5J Gallons, nearly.
.... 1 Cboe.
. 1 Ke.
3t Uhoe ,
lt! Eseon .
10 Epoun ......
. 1 Itsebou.
...... 1 Keo or Cobang.
1700 Genne ....
4 Itzebou ...
The itxeboa by assay is worth H7V cents.
The value by weight, as compared with the itxeboa silver, is
Of the American Silver half dollar - -24.14 Genne.
Silver Rouble , - 4100
Five franc piece .4'J )S "
" Mexican Dollar MM u
EXTRACT -om f. lltrn' TREATY Kith JAPAX of
July 9, It?5s.
" No tonnage dues shall be levied on American ships in the
ports of Japan, but the following fees shall be paid to the Japan
ese Custom House authorities:
For the entry of ahip...
Bill of Health
Any other document ............
TARIFF. Class Oxc Free.
.. 7 00
.. 1 50
.. 1 50
Gold and silver, coined or uncoined ; wearing apparel in ac- j
tual use ; household furniture and printed books, not iutended :
for sale, but the property of persons who come to reside in I
Class Two. Five per cent. j
.MI articles used for building purposes, rigging, repairing or ;
fitting out of ships ; whaling gear of all kinds ; bread and bread- j
stuffs; living animals cf all kinds; timber for building houses ; !
coals, rice, paddy, sine, lead, steam machinery, tin and raw
Ci.s8 Tuber. Thirty-five per cent J
All intoxicating liquors, whether prepared by distillation, fer- '
mentation, or iu any other manner.
All articles not included in any of the preceding classes shall
pay a duty of i"0 per cent.
All exnorts of JaD.-inese nroduction. exnorted as cariru. 5 iter
cent. excepting gold and silver coin and copper in bars.
COM PARA T1YE PRICES of RtermU fitr WKilrw at Halo- ;
dadi, JdfHin, and UiHoinlu. Hatcaiian Itdands, redmeed to
CniUd iitatrt Currnwy, b-Jranr at 91 etntt.
Wood, 4 cord $25 CO
Coal, v ton - 6 00
Potatoes, V bh 1 00
" sweet, t bid . -
Sugar, $ ft. OS
Floor, V -. 05
Buckwheat, i ff..-.. .. 05
Beans, lb 01
Carrots, turnips, onions, etc, $J lb .. 02
Bullock, average head 20 00
I'igs, " 6 00
Sheep. " " 4 0)1
Fowls, t do 3 00
Eggs, dot ...... . . 03
Salmon, hhl 15 00
Tea, average quality, B go
Tobacco, i lb......... 4(
Ship carpenters' wages, day ... 19
Water, 1 bid 03 1
I2c 1 9c
Recruits at Honolulu put on board ship at the expense of the
vessel. At Hakodadi recruits, besides silks, lacquered ware,
cotton goods, porcelain, etc., will be delivered on board ships by
.if'suc uiuL-cm. r..icniic vd inc tnitrq rcaies at Honolulu
IMPORTS AT HOXOU LU
Faon Ochotsk Ski per wh bg Kauai, Nov 13.
Whalebone, 9s...... ........... .
Fo Sa Faascisco. per bk Tankee, Not 15.
Apples, bxs .. . .44 M,lse, unspec, pkys. 488 '
Barley, sacks 11 'Musical Instruments, lot .. i
Beer.bbls 4 Oats, sacks no 1
Belting, coils -...2 .Oil, hhds 3 i
Books, cs 2 Oil cs S I
nranoy, octvs a Panacea, bx
orics, ore ....10UO Piano .
Carpet, pkg t 'Pipe, bds
Circus bills, pkg.. .1 j Pipe, pes
vracxers, tins 70, fowder, kers - - ,
Drugs, cs 5 Produce, sacks 31 a
Florida water, bx 1 Pulu press
Flour, bbls . 10C Rockaway i
f lour. Dags . Hi Hum, puncheon
Fruit, bx ..1, Salmon, bbls
rurnuure, lot saws f;
Hay, bales 55, Seed.cs ,
Hdkfs, pkg 1 Shingles, M M
Hops, bales 5 r-pecie, bxs 3 :
Horse . 1 Stamp
Liquor, keg .......l Tobacco, hf " ,." 1 I
Lumber, M ft 1 Wagons . a
aiacniDery, cs -. 1 v heels and axles 2
7j Whisky, bW
EXPORTS PROM IIOXOLl Lr.
Fob New Bxdfod per wh bk Midas, Nov 18.
Foreign produce. Transhipped.
Brer, bbls 3
Oil, sp. galls lla.
Oil, wb. galls 21490
Pork, bbls 16 .
Whalebone, lbs 60-9
Value . $264 50
Total 123.655 40
Fon Sia-per wh bk Monmouth, Nov 13.
Beef, bhU -30 Pork, bbla
Foreign produce, rain .... . f 'iS.'i
Fo SaS Fbascusoo. per bk Architect, Nov IS.
Foreign produce. Domestic produce
Fungna, 8s .
Oil, sp, galls
Pulu, bales of 400 Sis .
Fob Ska perorkbk Lark, Nov 17.
Beef, W4s 24 Pork, bbls
Bread, t 4.Vj:l Stores, lot
Casks, galls lb"!)
Transhipped, value....- $-407 27
PORT OF HONOLULU.
Nov 19 Ross wh bk Grefer Berg, Enberg. Abo, o tons, 52 mo,
out, 43 men, fin Och, ,00 wh, 7uOd b ou board, Owj
wh, 5500 b the season.
Euss wh bg is Constanttne, Lindholui, HeNiiigfi.r;, --j)
tons. IJ mus out, 42 men, na Oct), nUO wh, ikiOu b.
Am sch Toaudo, Killer, Ksi tits, 38 ds fut PI Townseod.
Wh sh Julian, U'inegar, N IS, -io tons, 14 mos out, fm
Arctic, I'M wh 20sj b off and on.
Wh sh Marcia, Billings, N B, 3!5 ton. 27 mos out, fi
Arctic via Lahaina, Too wli season off and on.
Wh sh Metacoui, Hinds, X li, 360 tons, '. nios out, fa
Arctic via llilo, JPW wh 1300 b off aud on.
Wh h Euphrates, Heath, N B, 3o5 tons, 25 mus out, fm
tK-h, 4." wh COO0 b Season.
20 Haw sch Kauiol, Wilbur, f:n KsJmlui ami Lahaina.
- Am wh sh J U Tlmiupsou, Clifford, N B, 4.1 i tons, l' u
out, 41 men, fm ch, 10 J sp, MJ0 wh. 12iSU b on br.l;
600 wh, 120m b the season.
21 Haw sch Hokulele, fm Puuloa, with salt for the Yauke-.
Wh sh Rein Jeer, Ashley, i K, 4-"o tons, 87 mos out, fa
Och via lliln, fou wh IliMjO b season off and on.
Wh sh Othello, K miner, N B, 424 tons, 15 nios out, fi
Och via Lahaina, 4i'J wh the seasou off and on.
23 Haw sch Kamoikeiki, Hall, fm Kahului.
Haw sch Manuokawai, lieckley, fin Hana and Laliaiiia.
Haw sch Hokulele, fiu 1'uuloa.
21 Haw sch Kamoiwahine, Kulieaua.fm Kulua k Nawiiiwili.
Haw sch kaluna, Antonio, fin llilix
Am wh sb John i West, Tinker. N B, 420 tons, 17 aiw
i out, 3.1 men, fm Och, via Lahaina, 40 sp 1450 wh kVU
b the season.
Am wh bk Delaware, Kenworthy, fm Och and Petro-
pauloski, 7ou wh 9UUO b the seasou.
Wh sh Rousseau, Green, N B, 'MV6 tons, 2 mo) out, fin
Och via Lahaina. 4"0 wli off and on.
25 Am wh bk louia, Russell, N B. 2ii4 tons 19 mo out, fui
sp wh cruise, 42il sp the voyage, 25 sp on board. U
iu char ire of the Marshal.
Haw sch Maria, Molteno, fm Laliaiiia.
Haw sch Margaret, fin liaualeL
Haw s'oop Salema, fm llanalei.
Haw sch Hokulele, fin Puuloa.
Whsh Oregon, Tobey, F 11,33 tons, 25 bum out, fm
Och via lahaina, 4f0 wh 55JU b season.
Nov 10 Am wh bk Belle. Brown, to cruise.
11 wh sh Head, Lowen, to cruise.
wh sh VVm Thompson, Childs, cruise and home,
wh bk Tyhee, Kreein.in, cruise and home.
12 wh bk Hercules, Athearn, to cruise,
wh bk Ripple, Chadwick, to cruise,
wh bk Helen Snow, Nye. to eruiiw.
wh sh Win Kotch, Ellison, to cruise.
liawsch Micronesia (late Secreto) Hoadly, for Guam,
wb bg AntHla, Fihlhcr, to cruise.
14 Am herni bg Josephine, Stone, for J arris Jk Kakrr's U.
wh sh Speedwell. Gibbs. to craUe.
wh sh E F Mason, Smith, to cruise.
wh sh Oroziiulio, Pease, for New Bedford.
wh sh Chandler 1'rice, Uolcoiub. to cruise.
wh sh Abr barker, .-locum, to cruise.
wh bk Com), Sissoti, to cruise.
15 wh sh Jireti Perry, cruise aud home.
16 wh hk Midas, Austin, for New Bedford,
wh bk (iratitude, Davis, to cruise.
bk Sea Nymph. Barrowout, for Hongkong,
bk Architect, Fish, for San Francisco.
17 wh bk Lark, Perkins, to cruise,
wh li CawbrU, Pease, to cruise.
Nov 17 Wh bk Lark, Perkins, cruise and home.
10 w b bk Monmouth, Ormsby, to cruise.
l'J New Granada bk Napoleon, Clark, fr Callao.
Haw wh brig Kohola, t'orsen, to cruie on Coast of
Haw wh brig Victoria, Fish, to cruise on Coast of Cal.
Wh bk George & Susan, Jones, to cruise.
Wh sh Robin Hood, McGinley, to cruise.
Wh bk Martha 2J, Daily, to cruise.
21 Wh bk Kob't Morrison, liltoii. to cruise.
Wh bk Superior, Wood.
Wh sh Rambler, Willis.
Wh sh Washington, Puri'ngton.
Fr wh sh Winslow, Couppey.
Wh sh Mary, Broek.
Wh bk Fortune, Comstock.
Wh sh Cincinnati, Williams.
Fr wh sh Jason. Hache.
Sch Kamoi, Wilbur, for Laliaina.
ch Molokai, Kaneakua, for Mulokai.
Sch Hokniele. fr Puuloa.
32 Sch Henry, McGregur, fr Molokai, Lahaina and Ka
waihae, with lDo sheop fr Molokai.
23 Sch Liholiho fr llilo.
Sch Hokulele fr Puuloa.
Wh sh Thomas Nye, Holly.
Wh bk Oscar, lenders.
Ilaw wh hg Oahu, Bumpus.
24 Wh bk Camilla, Prentice.
Wh sh Scotland, Weeks.
W h sh Empire, Russell.
Wh sh llibernia 2d, Edwards.
Wh bk Amazon, Eldridge.
Sh Josiah Bradlee, Dunbar, fr Baker's Is.
25 Sch Manuokawal, Beckley, fr Lahaina, Kawaihae and
Sch Kamoiwahine, Kuheana, fr Koloa and Nawiliniii.
The ship ttjUndid, Capt Piersou, from the Ochotsk, cruised
principally in Shantar Buy. Found the weather unfavorable
and whales scarce and wild. Saw the only riglit whales Apr 14
In Lit 39 X, Ion I-tT .VJ E. Saw the pt bowhead May if", in lt
56 N, Ion 144 10 K; the last Sept 10 ill Mercury Buy. Left Aysn
Oc I; came through the 50 deg passage ict I.V tin the passsre
down had strong westerly gales the first few days, aftcrwarU
The ship Ci Iri'U ffotclund, Capt Williams, cruised in the
Ochotsk. Found the weather about the same as reported bf
most other vessels. Whales were plenty at time,, but very wiM.
I -eft the Ochotsk Oct hk On the passage down hid moderate
weather and favorable winds to lat 30, afterwards had head
winds and squalls. Oct 9, in lat 45 N, Ion 17f E, encountered a
heavy gale from the westward; stove the bulwarks, carrird aJ
the main-topsail, fore and fore-topmast staysails, lost all the
! boats and sustained some other damage.
The ship Mimerni, Capt Crowell, cruised principally in Saci a-
lin Gulf aud S W Bay. Experienced moderate weather in the
early part of the kusd, but during the latter part an almost
Continued gale. Whales were scarce and exceedingly wild. Saw
the first bowhead June 10, iu Sachalin Gulf; the l ist Sept 7, ia
Ut 5t 4-1 X, ion 142 K. Saw neither right nor pm whales.
Left Ayan Sept 30 and came through 60 deg passage Oct 9. .Mr
II R Phillips, the 1st officer, to whom we are under obligations
for this r port, states that the weather on the passage to tin
port was the most severe he has known in 81 years' experience.
! During the first six days the weather wan very fine, but after
' "ri1 "PL'rienced a succession of galea from SE and NW. Oct
' w"n 0 tiie meridian, iu lat 45 Li S, encountered an ui.u-
50 Sually severe gale, which continued to the 20th, though its great
est fury was ipent in about 12 hours. It commenced from SK.
30 Veering to NT; the barometer stood at 28.9; carried awsy the
; jib-boom and fore-top-gallant vard. and lost 3 boars and nearly
. 1 I.u . JM! :.. a
' being Impossible for a man to cross the deck during the betfl.t
, of the gale without almost certaiu destruction. Next day Cj
Morrison, of the Daniel Wood, kindly offers every assistance in
his power to help clear the wreck, notwithstanding his own ship
was partially disabled by the loss of her uiain-topM.il yard.
The ship S Mitd, Capt Weeks, cruised iu the OchoUk, prin
cipally in Shantar Bay. Had fine weather most of the season.
Whales were rather scattering. Saw right whales Oct 4, in lat
54 46 N, Ion 153 05 E. Saw the first bewheads in Ut 58 9 S,
Ion 144 10 E; the lust in lat 54 41 N, Ion T7 20 . Left the
ground Sept 2."; had fine weather bat no trades on the passag
The bark Otear, Cap Banders, from the Ochotsk, cruised
principally in Shantar ami Mercury Bays. Had pleasant wea-
1 1 ther and u onit a number nf wbala nfP .bore but met with
, - . -
! squalls and much rain, and found whales scarce and wild in the
bays. Saw the first bowhead Slay 17, off Jonas Island; the last
Sept 29 off Ayan. Saw neither sperm nor right whales. Left
Ayan Oct I, and came through 5(1 deg passage on the 9th.
j 19 met with a gale from the westward; store the gangway ts'ard
anu pan or tne mitwaras. aim knocked tne ctnet omcer
lee scuppers, injuring his shoulder quite seriously. V ilh tf"
exceptiou of this gale, had pleasant weather, but lig.'rf N w
S K winds oa the pa; sage down; no trade.
The sh Brutus, Capt Henry, cruised ia the Ochotsk; had mod
erate weatlier most of the season; whs were occasionally seen
Urge numbers, but were very shy. Left the ground Oct I; bJ
pleasant weather but light winds on the passive down.
The bk Wat tie, Capt Swain, cruised In the Ochotsk; "
the weather remarkably bad, and whs very scarce and shy ;
the ground Oct 1 and came through the 50 passage ou the 9th;
n the Isth encountered a heavy gale from ESE seering to --
escaped serious damage. ,
The bk Silver Clout I, Capt Corgeshall, cruised in the Ocbot;
found the weather moderate, but whs shy and scattering ; "ft
the Ochotsk Oct 9. With the exception of a gale, la which totf
boats were lost, had moderate weather, and light southerly wind
n the passage down. ; . - . ,
The bk Tempeni, Capt Allen, fm Och, had bad weather
f the season, eieciany the latter part. Found whs acsree and