Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1859.
It ha pleased His Majesty the King to appoint
Saturday, the 31st of December inst., as a day of
Public- Thanksgiving to Almighty God, for the many
mercies bestowed upon this people ; and all Ilia loving
subjects axe hereby recommended to the due and proper
observance of the same. -
His Majesty's Chamberlain.
Ckaxcbkklaix's OrncE, 17th Dec., 1859.
E" la ft rather too elaborate leader on Thurs
day last, the Advertiser represents itself, and
wishes the public to believe that it is, a much in
jured person. It is in a very sad plight, if we
can believe what it says of itself a thing not al
ways safe to do when facts and figures are in ques
tion. And the cause of its pilikia is well, flat
tery is pleasant even from an enemy, and a rose is
sweet in spite of the thorn, the cause is the al
leged competition of the Polynesian.
Without stopping to comment upon the tone
and language with which our contemporary lubri
cates its own mental organism, and meritoriously
attempts to wipe the pebbles of other people, we
would merely call its attention to certain fact?,
which appear either to have been unknown, or not
well understood by itself.
"When the Advertiser accuses us of unfairness,
injustice, want of manliness, Ac, Ac, did it bear
in mind our leading article on the 18th December,
last year, subject Government Press, in winch
we recommended that 44 the Government Press be
disposed of ," because we then believed, as we do
still believe, that the interests of the Government
and the country would bo better subserved with
out, than with, an investment in types and a typo
graphical staff? We know, and the Advertiser
knew, that that article was approved, and its
opinions shared, by the Legislature who passed
the Act which it now quotes. Was it too much
fr our cotemporary's sense of justico to acknow
ledge this fact and give us credit fur our unselfish
ness in advocating a measure that vrould probably
have taken the bread out of our mouth, and pos
sibly put it in the already filled pockets of the
Advertiser f for up to that time its periodical
growl for appearances sake had never been pre
dicated upon any actual loss inured to itself from
the competition, but simply uron grounds of pub
lic economy or, perhaps, eub rosa, that ancient
maxim that " more wants more."
Wo have not been honored by any special ex
planations from II. R. II. the Minister of the In
terior, upon the reasons why 44 the first step has
(not) been taken " to dispose of the Government
Press; but at the risk of having our individual
opinion construed into an official prununciamento,
and of returning the Advertiser's delicate flattery
with rather unpleasant truth, we will attempt t
answer why the first step has not been taken."
The answer is brief: there was nothing to step on;
and with all the disadvantages of the Government
Press, as it is, yet it is to bo presumed that by
this time the Government has learnt "not to throw
away dirty water, until it can get clean."
In a small community, like this, where every
body knows every other body's business far better
than his own, it does not require pro forma pro
clamations or lengthy advertisements to ascertain
who are capable,corapetent and willing to either
lease or buy the Government Press, its apparatus
and fixtures. And we confess that for the present,
we know of no one uniting these qualifications.
When such a one arises or arrives in this commun
ity, he will soou be known, and then, and then
only, can the first step be taken " to carry the
Act of the Legislature into execution.
But, looking at the subject from another point
of view, were the Polynesian office sold, and, if
sold to the proprietor of the Advertiser, crippled
as a whole, or sent out of the country to ensure
its own coveted monopoly of printing we fully
believe that six months weold hardly elapse, cer
tainly not a year, before another press and journal
would start in opposition to the Advertiser. Yet,
as the Government, with all its faults inherited
and inherent is still looked up to and respected
as the political exponent of liberal ideas and of
industrial, agricultural and commercial progress,
it is easy to be seen how it may become very much
embarrassed by being at the mercy, as it were,
(for even six months,) of a political journal whose
rule of action seems to be to oppose tho measures
of the Government, malign its motives and traduce
its officers, and whose bigotry and illibcrality dis
play a strong relationship to those antique ideas
which ruled tho country in former days.
Under these circumstances, were we Minister of
the Interior, Cabinet Council, Privy Council or
Legislature, we should consider it a moral duty
to " look before we leaped," however much we
may concur in the principle that the Government
should, at the earliest practicable moment, retire
from every position where it comes in active com
petition with private enterprise, and however an
noying such delay might prove to any individual.
We will now proceed to some other facts of
which the Advertiser seems rather oblivious.
We surely need not tell the Advertiser that
"what is worth doing at all, is worth doing well."
If it is an object for the Government to keep a
press, and for its director to edit a journal, it is
also worth their while to keep that Press and that
Journal at the top of the profession to which they
belong. There is not a reader of the Advertiser
but remembers the Aminadab satisfaction, the
patronizing smile with which for some years past
it cracked its jokes upon the "terrapin express"
and the slow coach " of the Polynesian. And
its readers were then regaled with'serio-comic lu
cubrations upon the usclessness of such a journal,
which never was on band when it was wanted, and
whose press was no where " in the race for jobs.
But there has come a change over the spirit of the
Advertiser's dream, and now that we have obviated
the Tcry objections it then made, that we have en
larged and perfected the availability of the office,
that we have rendered the Polynesian a match
(our friends say, an over-match) for the Advertiser
in each and every department which makes a news
paper valuable now " the fat is in the fire," and
instead of commending us for our improvement,
and for .the zeal and faithfulness with which we
have labored to make both the office and the jour
nal what they should be, and what the country lias
a right to expect from the appropriations it makes
for them, and to accommodate that great number
of residents and transients whose prejudices, pre
dilections or interests lead them rather (as a mat
ter of choice.) to our doors than to the opposition
shop ; and instead of appreciating our public spirit
and nersonal unselfishness in increasing our own
labor, anxiety and responsibility without uny in
crease whatever in our salary, instead of uny of
these, it abuses us like a pickpocket, and accuses
14 of" meanness." 44 dishonorable conduct " und
of breaking the heart of one of the profession
when it knew, or should have known before it
6poke, that it was as far from the truth as ever
that ever? other man who reads it, that the very
stanes in the street would rise in judgment and
rebuke it for disturbing the dead, whom we per
8onally assisted when fortune frowned upon him
and the Pharisees " passed by on the other side,
and who, so far from being 44 discoaraged, dis.
heartened," &c, at our maintaining our job office,
actually leased that very same job office during the
latter part of his life, and enjoyed the emoluments
We are really ashamed of our cotemporary !
Ashamed of its incorrectness, its indelicacy and
What it says about our 44 bribing away its mas
ter workman," with offers of higher wages, is
about on a par with all the other facts in which it
has contrived to envelope a proposition, which is
undoubtedly correct in the abstract, though not
perhaps applicable at the precise moment or in the
particular manner which the Advertiser could de-
awv a it ..t. l fT I .! .
sire. e believe mat me cnange oi oiaoe uy me
foreman in question was effected without any
breach of the first business obligation by him or
by us, and the motive was greater congeniality and
not higher wages. We believe that so far from
being distressed or even incommoded, the Advtr-
lisir had some three months' notice of the change.
It sounds strange in our ears to hear the Adver
tiser complain of breaches of the tenth command-
ment. There is a slight forgetfulness somewhere
that we do not choose to unravel ; and it is possi
ble that some people, in cases of emergency or of
personal application, have a way of suspending
nv article of the decalogud by a two-thirds vote,
after an Irish fashion .
What our contemporary bays about 44 extra ef
forts to withdraw (its) customary job-work" is
another of thosa two-edged swords in argument, of
which it knows not the use. Unconscious of unv
4 extra efforts" or unfair means to withdraw its
customers, we confess that we have been not a lit
tle gratified by the preference which the public has
evinced in our behalf during this season. And as
the Adcertiser is unable or unwilling to perceive
the causes of this preference which makes it eat its
own heart with envy, we would modestly suggest
that it may he owing to the more liberal, less
bigotted or factional spirit pervading our journal ;
or it may be that a contrary course has alienated
many of the Advertiser's former customers ; in
short, it may be its own fault altogether, could its
vanity only descend to conceive of such a thing.
However we may regret, in a friendly way, that
the Advertiser has not been able to retain its former
popularity, etill we cannot regret the increasing
favors bestowed upon our journal and job-office.
We are glad, however, of this opportunity to disa
buse the mind of our contemporary of tho impres
sion that the Government is determined to main
tain its Press at any cost, solely and expressly to
ruin private enterprise or to annoy the Advertiser.
And we again reiterate that we believe that the
Minister of the Interior not only acknowledges the
principle involved, but would be very willing to
dispose of the Government Press 44 whenever in bis
discretion he shall deem it best for tho public in
terests." Now, when the Advertiser next writes on this
subject, it will do us a favor and perform a duty to
the public (an indispensable condition of any last
ing popularity) by keeping itself within such facts
as it knows and can prove to be true, and not to
invoke the spirits of the dead unless it is prepared
for the answer they may make.
"Ceeliawt A rata Ta."
The beautiful specimen of ordnance which has been
laying on the esplanade free to the examination of the
passer by, siuce the destruction of the old fort, ha been
anally removed from its resting place, and shipped on
board the Bowditch, which vessel is bound for the Uni
ted States. It has been purchased by Messrs. C. A.
Williams & Co. The weight of this piece of metal, as
shown by oar friend Ward's scales, (which by the way
would remind us of a Nuuanu Valley Cemetery Lot
if the fence around them was only whitewashed), was
5,750 lbs., and at the round little price of 16 cents per
lb. realizes for Government the nice sum of $920. It
will undoubtedly prove a good remittance for its pur
chasers, as Ames, of Springfield is said readily to give
40 cents per lb. for similar metal, and this is reported
to contain a goodly quantity of silver. This gun was
of the age of the 14 th Louis, whose proud motto and
cognizance, 'Tluribut nee Jmpar " and the blazing sun
are stamped with the heraldic emblazonment of the
Bourbons, the well known "Jleur de lis" upon its sur
face ; the date, A. D. 16S7, is upon the breech, together
with the name of its founder. Upon the mozzle end
the 44 funny " Frenchman has inscribed the baptismal
name of 44 Le Divertissant, or the plaything, and im
mediately underneath the motto 44 Ultima Ratio Regunt'
the synonym for war, i. ., the final argument of kings
This piece, a contemporary of the earlier missionaries,
and now about to take a farewell of our shores, arrived
here in the year 1822, in the ship William $ John, Capt.
Ebbetts, and was transhipped on board the brig Pedlar,
then under the command of our respected townsman
Capt. John Meek. It was bought by Kalaimoku for
King Kamehameha IL, and the price paid was 150
piculs sandal wood, then worth about $-5000 in China.
The nearly fatal, yet withal ludicrous accident con
nected with the attempt to free its vent hole from the
instrument with which it Wis spiked by the French
under Admiral de Tromelin, in 1849, are no doubt fresh
in the remembrance of many of our citizens. A cer
tain friend of ours informs us .that the Government
sold the gun for cash, as he knows it was not charged.
We were glad to hear of this fact, for o wing to its being
spiked, the gun could not sieak for itself.
O anil lest.
We omitted in our last week's issue to acknowledge
our obligations to Capt. John Paty of the bark Frances
Palmer, for files of late papers. Capt P. will please
accept oar thanks, and we will endeavor to be less re
miss in future.
ISTeed we say it in words and print it on paper, need
we express to oca readers and the great outside w
Dromiscuouslr. how truly, how sincerely, we
them as we know that we are wished in return A
Mekuy Christmas ! and a good time coming righ
How we reiuvenate ourselves by the hallowed recol
lections of Christmas" Eve, with its candies and cakes,
its rushes on the floor and its morning 44 Glory to God
in the biehest. peace on earth, and good will to man
While vou and we, howev r, dear reader, are thank
ful to God who has blessed us with health and content
ment, and permitted the unbroken links of the family
chain to unite again round the family hearth for fresh
inspirations of tenderness, love and obedience let
not forget the sorrowing few, the heavy of heart ;
us remember that the afflicted are the wards of our
Father in Heaven; let us succor and console them,
in our nower. and let us respect their misfortunes
moderating our joy when their shadows pass the door
of our dwellings.
Once aeain. A Merry Christmas! until New Year
Eve calls us together to compare notes upon the past,
and whisper our hop. s for the coming year.
"The Mil with the Black Baa.
We drooped in at the 44 Emporium," corner of Mer
chant and Kaahumana streets, the other day, and were
shown some specimens of goods imported per Sea Aymj
by 44 the man with the black bag," which, in texture
of fabric and elegance of style puts everything in the
shade that ever before eame into the port ot Honolulu
To enumerate his different styles and varieties of good
which belong to the ladies' department alone, would be
aluios-t an endless task, to say nothing of the boxes
bales and packages adapted to every requirement of oui
community, and whose choice contents are their only ex
cuse for so often incumbering the street. 44 Terms
quick ! Prices cheap !" is our friend's motto, and we
recommend our readers, who have a taste for artistic
elegance, as well as the substantial and useful, to giv
him an early call.
This gallant company of equestrians, voltigeurs
and nimble performers continue to play to crowded
houses. With the order and good management,
and improved condition of the new premises, it is a
pleasant resort to spend an evening to ace the
riding and tumbling and be warned by the clown
that 44 Wedlock is a ticklish thing, etc. A circus
is becoming an annual institution in Honolulu, and
no doubt a great number of our people would look
upon a f-easou without it, as they would on a pudding
without the plums rather heavy on their nanus.
A hi the Caiarae Anin.
V learn that the Chinaman, Ahio, now in custo
dy and awaiting trial for the murder of the native
woman Louika, a few weeks ago, has made a full
and detailed confession, by which two other China
men, coolies, about town, have been implicated as
accomplices before the fact. They were promptly
arrested and committed for trial at the next January
term. It is an old adage, which seems to hold good
in China as well as elsewhere, that 44 when the
thieves fall a quarrelling the farmer gets his corn."
Da nata oilier, etc.
The Adiyertisrr is coming down heavy on the toes
of the Post Master General for alleged irregularity
in the postal service. Would it not have been some
little 44 manliness," besides courtesy, to have inquir
ed at the Post Office about the missing letter", and
given the P. M. an opportunity to investigate the
matter before insinuating that his labor was vox et pre'
terea nUtil ; a simple 44 endeavor" without any good
result. Our cotemporary is very ticklish himself, but
has apparently little regard for the epidermis of
Chun. Walratt Braaka.
As w ill be seen in our advertising columns, this
gentleman continues in business at San Francisco as
a Commission and Shipping Merchant at No. 123,
Slinsome st. Mr. C. W. Brooks is personally known
to many of our Merchants, and has had extensive
dealings with the Islands, and the satisfaction given
by him to thein is a guarantee far the future to all
who may favor him with their business. The Mar
ket Reports for the Islands, as made up by Mr.
Brooks, are replete with commercial information
most interesting to our traders.
We publish to day a communication from Mr. IIol-
stein, of the Bovai Hawaiian Agricultural Society's
Garden, upon the culture of this grain, which may
prove a fortune to these islands, if fostered and en
couraged by those who now are in a position to experi
ment, not only on a large scale, but on the various
methods proposed. It is in that clear, graphic and in
telligible style which always characterizes Mr. Holstein's
remarks upon everything connected with the agricul
tural progress of the country, and we not only recom
mend it with pleasure to our readers, but hope also
that not a few of them will give the subject a fair trial.
Ga farther ana Fare Werae.
We are informed by a well known shipmaster who
saw Capt. Smith of the whale ship Fabius, at San
Francisco, that he attributes the dangerous sickness
of his crew to the ill effects of his water, taken
aboard at Kauai and which he said came from a
stream running through a kalo patch. For the fu
ture he intends to get his water at Honolulu or La
haina, if it costs a little nire. Capt. Smith com
plained bitterly of the expenses at San Francisco.
The Pilot charged him $100. and the Doctor $200,
to go to Saucelito and visit his ship's crew.
Almanacs rr I860.
We have had laid on our table 44 the Commercial
Register for I860," prepared and furnished by H. M.
Whitney, Esq., of this city. It is a counterpart of
the Register for 1859 prepared by the same gentle
man. It contains a fund of practical information,
not obtained elsewhere, and is for sale at the Coun
ter of the Advertiser at rates varying from 25 to 50
cents according to the style.
The 44 Christian Almanac," an American publi
cation is also for sale at the same place.
Ceaecri af Sacred a ad Seealar Manic.
Our readers will notice among our advertisements
thafon Tuesday eveninz next. Messrs. Hasslocher
and Waldsu, the talented Musicians, assisted by the
Honolulu Musical Amateur Society, eive a Concert
of sacred and secular music at the Fort Street Church.
We anticipate a rare Christmas treat: somethine
that the general public of Honolulu has never had
an opportunity to hear since it was a city, and can'
not fail to appreciate when they hear it
Messrs. McRuer and Merrill, of San Francisco, will
please accept our thanks for news papers received ex
The funeral of J. W. P. Kioao. son of the late hi
Chief W. P. Leleiohoku, and the Governess of Hawaii,
will take place ou Tuesday, the 27th instant, from
residence of his Excellency the Governor of Oa
All personal friends of the deceased, and officers
His Majesty's Government and the public generally
Mr. Keyte will lecture before the Honolulu DJShaway
tn-niirht. at the BetheL The public are
The Faarth Pace.
Tim 44 Diamond Weddins " and prices current are
printed on our fourth page.
Circa it Coart.
Second Jrpicni. District. December Term, 1859,
Associate Justice Robertson and J. Richardon
Esq., Local Circuit Judge, on the Bench.
The Court met on Tuesday, the 13 th of December.
Previous to proceeding to business Judge Robertson
in allusion to the place in which the Court met, ob
served to the following effect :
Gentleman : It gives me great pleasure to be able
to congratulate the people of Maui upon the erection
and completion oi wnai nas so long oeen ieu to oe a
desideratum in the town of Lahaina, namely, a re
spectable public building for governmental purposes.
While, in tne construction oi mis spacious ounuing
ample provision has been made for tne necessary ac
commoilation of the executive branch of the public
service, the wants of the Judiciary Department have
not been overlooked that Department which, in point
of importance, can never be regarded as second to any
other, in a civilizeu country ; for, upon tne uitiuul
administration of the law, guarding and enforcing the
rights of all classes, and or every individual, must
ever depend, in a great measure, the general well-being
and prosperity of ihe entire community. It is our
privilege, this morning, to inaugurate this commodious
Hall of Justice, which has been built and set apart for
the especial use and accommodation of the Circuit
Court of the Island or Maui, as it shall meet, trona
time to time, for the transaction of business. Let us
hope that so long as this substantial edifice shall con
tinue to stand upon us eolii foundation, so long snail
the general principles of justice and the laws of the
land continue to be administered cere witn skill, witu
firmness, and with impartiality.
Rex ts. Akaui : Perjury. Prisoner pleuled guilty
and pravtd the mercy of the Court Sentenced to one
year's imprisonment at hard labor.
Rex ts. Hina (female) : Polygamy. Prisoner pleaded
guilty, and was sentenced to eighteen months impris
onment at hard labor and a fine of $5.
Rex r Kahue : Perjury again. A nol. pros, entered
on motion of the District Attorney.
Rex vs. Mose Puha : Perjury. A noL pros, entered
on motion of the District Attorney, and the same on a
Rex vs. hamkanihia: Sodomy. terdict of not
Needham ts. Needham : Petition for Decree of Di
vorce on the ground of Adultery. Continued over
from last term. On the hearing of the case the De
cree was granted.
Saperier Caarl at Chamber.
Dacht tJ. Dacht : Petition for Divorce on the ground
of adultery. On the hearing of the case the Decree
The District Attorney appeared for the Crown. Mr.
Kauwahi defended the prisoners. In the divorce cases
Mr. Farwell appeared fur the complainants.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE POLYNESIAN.
Sir : The difficulty in raising rice mainly exists in
thi. that there is in fact no difficulty at all ; or in oth
er words, persons unacquainted with the process of
raising rice, imagine that there must necessarily exist
some difficult management, which in reality does not
exist. I believe, of every grain or other product grown.
rice requires not only the least labor, but is raised by
the most simple process.
In regard to soil 1 would say, that auy and all kalo
land, as lung as it contains at least six inches of mud.
and the deeper the mud the better, is fit to yield remu
nerating crops. Rice receives a good part of its food
from the water. Although some writers have stated
that rice is an inexhausting crop, receiving all its nu
triment from the water, I rather doubt the statement,
as experience has shown me that there is a vast differ
ence in the yield between the rice grown in a rich,
black mud and that grown in kalo land where the red
soil, so well known on our islands, predominated. In
the one place rice produced from 40 to GO ears, while
on the other the stalks were slender, the ears short and
not more than 5 or 8 to the root. The running water,
which conies from a long distance, the numerous little
streams which rush down our tuouutain valleys, and
are enlarged by heavy rains and enriched by the debris
of igneous rocks, rotten wood and decayed leaves, are
by far preferable to stagnant pools, as they bring to
the rice-lands a constant supply of valuable manures,
amongst which silica is the most valuable to rice, as
no other grain requires as much. Of the preparation
f rice-land it is unnecessary to say much more, than
that the principal object of the planter should be to
have his rice patch perfectly level, so that ir the water
is let on, one inch will nearly cover the surface. This
is at first a somewhat difficult job, but hen once the
level is obtained, it will answer for years and years of
afterculture. The kal patches in this country are
such perfect rice fields that there is no need to say any
thing about embankments and the required ditches.
In regard to cultivation, I would say that I have tried
this year four different liTbthods. 1. I have drilled the
seed with a seed sower in the drill on dry ground. '2.
have drilled the seed with the seed-sower upon the
wet mud. 3. I have sown the seed broadcast on the
wet mud; audi. I have pursued the Chinese method
and transplanted the rice from a seed bed. For meth
od one I plowed the ground first, harrowed well, made
light furrows with the corner of the hoe, about 10 inch
es apart about as near as a man can go backwards
without treading on the furrow and dropped the seed
with the seed-sower and covered lightly with a hoe or
rake, and let the water on just enough to cover the
lor method two, I stirred the mud with hoe and iron
rakes to the consistency of poi, just stiff enough to with
stand the wheels of the seed-sower so much as to turn
them, and drilled the seed upon the ground, letting the
water on the uncovered seed.
For method three, I stirred the mud to the consisten
cy of thin poi, and sowed the seed broadcast. I would
here remark, that persons are apt to sow too thick,
hich will injure the yield. The distance at which the
plants should stand apart from each other, should be at
least from 7 to 8 inches, and if they should be 12 or 16
inches apart, the plant will tiller so much that ear will
hang on ear. By all means avoid thick sowing. Be
fore the seed is sown it should be immersed in water,
for the double bene6t, first, the water floats all empty
and worthless groin, and second, the grain when pre
viously soaked and then rolled in ashes to make it free
ly slip through the fingers of the sower, will sink im
mediately in the water or on the mud, while dry it
would float long enough on the unavoidable mud pud
dles to drift in a heap to one side. Rice can be trans
planted until it is in tight barrel id. est, begins to form
the ear-stem, and it is an easy matter to pull tne plants
where they are too thick, and transfer them to places
where too thin.
For method four, I sowed broadcast a few handsful
a a l . a
on tne suck mua in tne corner oi a a no paten, nu
when from 6 to 10 inches high, transplanted into the
soft mud of a rice field, one plant at a place, in rows
10 or 12 inches apart aud from 6 to S apart in the row.
ow, in regard to the four different modes 1 nave
pursued, I would observe that of all, the broadcast sow
ing is preferable where much land is cultivated, as the
cheapest ; and the mode of transplanting, for those who
only work a small quantity of land and do their own
labor (I h:ve mainly reference to the native popula
tion), is undoubtedly the most remunerative, because it
requires not only less seed, but on account of evenness,
or it may De tne plant loves transplanting line many
vegetables, it yields by far more than any other manner
of raising rice at least such has been my experience.
In regard to bringing the dried kalo patches under
culture, I pursued the following method : First I out
the grass, and when dry laid it over the ground and
set it on fire. Then I plowed the ground with the oxen
and turned the furrows from six to seven inches daep,
and as broad as I could conveniently cut them evenly
and Terr narticularlv. one exactly joining the other.
Had I possessed a heavy roller I ahould have rolled
them, to press the edges down smooth. I then run over
it with a heavy harrow, to loosen the grouud without
tearing the sod turned underneath, and my land was
prepared, with the addition of having the sod turned
under for a go-4 manuring. Where the mad was too
deep for oxen to work, I followed the manner of the
natives in preparing their kalo land, la regard io me
watering the rice, different methods are pursued. In
Carolina the water is withdrawn when the rice begins
- to swell, about the fourth or fifth day, and let on again
when the rice is three or four inches high. In Piedmont
the reverse method is pursued. I have tried both ways
and am convinced that the process of letting the water
on and off only produces a erop of weeds, and therefore
the water should be let on at once and kept on to the
end. At first lor U inch will do. Through this the
rice will work its way. Although at first when sprout
ed the sprouts lay flat on the mud, they gradually take
an erect position. Afterwards increase the water with
the growth of the rice. It serves greatly to strengthen
the plant and keep it from swaying when the wind
blows ; it also prevents weeds from growing, except
aquatic plants, among which what the natives call dried
nee is prominent buch weeds are easily pulled out,
and one weeding is sufficient for a crop. When the rice
begins to ripen and half the ears are quite ripe, let off
the water to dry the ground. Cut with a sickle when
ripe, and handle carefully, because rice sits very loose.
Rice ripens unequally. 1 have harvested, some 112
days after sowing, some four months, and some four
and a half months. Kice which was sown in several
instances two weeks earlier than that in adjoining kalo
land, was reaped later. I do not know how to account
fur it, except it is the influence of the wind or the dif
ferent degrees of warmth imparted to the mud. When
caterpillars or cutworms visit the rice, which they are
likely to do when the plant is tender, one hour s flood
ing or two, and suddenly opening the tartrate will sweep
them off. Horses and cattle never disturb rice, except
the grain is ripe, when grain-fed horses are fond of the
The threshing may be performed by the old fashioned
flail, when a fit floor or larse sail is at hand. I have
threshed all my rice in a box. A large packing box.
such as is used fur shipping saddles, is very fit. Nail
four posts in ihe corners, and fasten round it some
cloth or matting, leaving one side open. The doth
should hang down on the inside of the box, so that the
grain which strikes it fills in the box. The open side
of the box should also be low enough to permit the
thresher to strike conveniently. Resting on this open
edge extending to the opposite low corner of the box. is
placed a ladder, on which the thresher strikes tne rice.
Four strokes are sufficient to thresh out the grain clean
from a eood handful of rice. One man can thre-th as
fist as two good reapers can cut, aud the box is conve
niently transported to where the reapers are engaged
The most difficult v exists in hullins. Our flour mill
has tried it. but alas! it wont answer. On the Missis
sippi negroes stamp the husk off in a mortar; in South
Carolina stamping mills ore used, i he grain is wmten
ed by a process of polishinz how, I don't know.
If once a quantity of rice is raised on these islands,
it may be supposed that a mill also will find a place
here, lou ask the meaning of half and whole crop.
I have put dowu a half crop at two thousand pounds
per acre, and a whole crop at four thousand, mat tne
latter can be raised I am certain of, because I have had
places in my field where the yield to the square yard
was three-quarters of a pound to a pound and over ;
but I believe there are at present very few kalo lands
which would yield a whole crop, and this will be the
case with all kalo lands very lucky or favorable sea
sons excepted as long as they are not completely shel
tered from the wind. - Hind is the only drawback and
the only hindrance to prevent each acre of kalo land
from yielding its four thousand pounds of rice and over.
When the rice is in bloom a fine white flower, the pol
len, hangs on each grain. The wind blows this away,
and the grain is blasted. Some ears ripen in advance
of others; the grain when ripe sits loose on the stalk,
a heavy blast scours the field, and the grain fills in the
mud. md is the principal enemy to rice culture, and
to shelter your rice field against this enemy should be
the unceasing care of the planter. Plant any thing,
sugar cane, willows, bananas, high and low trees, till
the field is so guarded that not a breath of air can stir
a halm, and a whale crop is sure to be the reward.
I have set down the average cost of a crop of rice at
5?o per acre. In this estimate I certainly did not in
elude the first cost ft clearing a wild kalo patch, but
bad reference to such as are either clean under the op
era tion of raising kalo, or prepared. Three good hands
should weed an acre in a day, and the cutting and
threshing could be performed by seven hands in anoth
er day's work. Where the rice is transplanted, there
would be a heavier outlay incurred; but, as above ob
served. I think it cheaper to sow rice broadcast where
much land is under rice culture. The kuaaunas have
made me the most difficulty. When well cleaned at the
start, they can easily be kept clean with the hoe, and I
would advise those who prepare rice land to at once
clean these kuaaunas thoroughly; it will save much after
labor. V ith regard to the grain itself, I would remark
that I believe that rice will adapt itself ft the climate.
The rice which I planted last year was imported China
rice, a very small grain ; and I find a marked difference
in the product of this year, as the grain is larger and
fuller, and I would not be surprised to find it still bet
ter in another crop. The hulled rice is by fir darker
than the original grain. This may either be accounted
for because it is very fresh and badly hulled, or per
haps on account of its composition. South Carolina rice
contains, according to Bousingoult, 89.5 of tarch and
only J.o of gluten, albumen, etc Perhaps the quanti
ty of gluten in our rice is larger and influences the color.
Should the latter be the case, it would make the rice so
much more valuable. There is no doubt that it is a
very palatable article. In regard to the time of plant
ing, l would remark that I have not yet arrived at a
definite result I have planted in March, in June, Ju
ly and August, and all has done well so far. I shall
try next in January. I would alsi hiention, that mice,
rats and wild pigeons are destructive to rice, and it
would be well not to let the water off too soon, or ar
range the ditches so that the water can be let on or off.
Finally, I would say that I have loOO pounds of good
seed on hand and for sale, and also a quantity of clean
rice which, although somewhat imperfectly hulled, is
very palatable, and offered for sale iu quantities to suit
those who are desirous of tasting the first sample of
Sandwich Island rice. So please send your orders.
hich will be promptly and very cheerfully attended to
by Your humble servant, Holstein.
r. b. luce after having been cut begins to grow
again. Ibis is worthless: every crop must be sown
First Sraii'.tRaHal Slatemraf by iheTreaaarer
af tke Hacca'a tleaairal.
To II. R. II. Print L. Kamehamtha, Minister of Uu In
ter tor, etc., etc.:
Sir : In accordance with Article 2 of the Charter
of the Queen's Hospital, granted 20th June, 1869, I
beg to present the following semi-annual statement of
the financial transactions and condition of the corpo
Receipts vr to this date. Dec 20th, 18.9.
From Concert by Honolulu Amateur Musi
cal "society, S218 7o
From subscribers, 8,808 52
44 Benefit given by Prof Anderson, . 309 2o
Paid rent of temporary Hospital
to Nov. 1st $210 00
Paid salary of Physician, to
Nov. 1st, 391 00
Paid wages of Steward and Ser
vants to Dec. 1st 388 00
Paid for furniture, provisions,
etc., to Dec. 1st. 694 57
Paid for books, sta'Jonery, print
ing, etc., to Dec 1st, . . . 104 62
Loaned Nov. 10th on nte and
mortgige for 6 m.on interest, 6,000 00
Cash on hand 1.518 33
Assets Dec. 20th.
Cash on hand,
Note, for money loaned, . . .
Dae for rent to date
Amount wages, etc., from 1st
insL to dale, estimated, . .
Amount salary of Physician from
Nov. 1st to date -
CIIAS. B. BISHOP, Treasurer.
Honolulu, Dec. 20th, 1859.
- -Bept 9 Paaana,- - - - . So,
- - Ort 2"i Pan. ...... Octj
- - ADfr 17 Xa Francisco, - - - N0wv
. - fept 8 ft. .... s"
- - Aug 2S Tahiti - '
JTalparaiao, - - - - Oct 14
New York. - ... Nov 7, Victoria, V. I., -
rBW A Y. DECKMBKB 13, 1859.
The put wrek's trade has been on a par with that which pre
ceded it. The Black Sea baa cleared at the Custom Hotue with
a cargo valued at f 311, $13 70, and haa a freight liit ruing io,.
000, which will pay the charterer, a she was tuulerMObd to b
chartered at a rate very favorable fur them. The AnrhUk
ailed Uiia amine; tot McKeaa'a laiaad to load gaaao. The it a
JftnnetU arrived to-day from Sao Franciaco, after a lung pt.
age of SO d-ija. She ia intended a an ialand trader. She a t
small craft of about 13 to 90 toil, aud was purchased by Mr.
John Cook of Uawaii.
The whale hip Bmj. JiiuA changed bands this week at a fig.
ore understood to be the aaae as that the Bofiitrk brought, uy
$4,300, and was purchased by the saw parties, Slrwn. C. A,
Williams Jt Co. The whale ship Onto, lately returned from
the Uchotsk, ha been sold to Messrs. GUman Co, of Lahaina,
for $3.00, aud will carry a cargo of sweet potatoes to San Fran
cisco from Lahaina. She is in good order, but needs coppering.
The sen . L. FroM, engaged as a teixler last season to the lr
hoh, was sold as she lay on the beach at Ayan, on Saturday Uut,
at public auction, and brought $A40. She was purchased by
Mews. C. A. Williams fc Co and war sold for the beueflt of un
derwriters, being fully insured in the United States.
Ihe WakittiUn AUatun still remains out, and U clipper
OuiiUrn IZiyU, expected to sat for this place firom San Francis
co, bad not arriTed there np to last dates, 191 days out. The
clipper Anglo &uo may be looked for here in her place.
Ccstoh lloi-SB ViLuaTioxs tis BsTU os Ctiutucv. A quev
tion has arisen at oar Custom House the. past week, respecting
the accustomed valuation of an English invoice at $4 80 to the
pound sterling. The claim made by an importer of the invoices
per XymjiA, was that they should be calculated at $4 TS,
the rate Axed by a Treasury order, as the value of a sorer iru,
aud an objection to allowing $1 84, the Custom House Taluatiun.
To us, the solution of the dlficulty is easy, by adhering to the
custom of the United States, which ia to take .the rates axed by
the Custom House fur value of invoices in a foreign currency,
aud which is w e believe the practice of every foreign nation. By
Cone's IT. 8. Keveuue Digest and Custom Uoose Guide, we Snd
Ihe Custom House valuation for a pound sterling is $4 80, while
the Miut value is considerably more, say $4 86, as appears by
the latest C 9. Hint Tables. In case a Consul's certificate of
the real value or rate of exchange b attached to the invoice.the
currency, except when fixed by law, is taken at such certified
rate. Duties are payable only in American Coin. The
duties on the invoices ex Sra XytmpA are ui tnLorrm
duties ; the Customs rate has been fixed at $4 80 to the pound
sterling, and was calculated at such rate when the sovereign vas
circulating at $5. The rate fixed by a Treasury order as current
for the sovereign in local circulation U $1 15, and if Ihe duties
are paid with that medium, in oar opinion, it should be at the
rate of $4 75 ; or if the importer prefers it, he can in shillings at
30c each, equal to Ihe pound at 15. The purchasable rate of sore,
reigns to-day is 94 80, and we question if 100 could be picked up
in a day's travel at those figures. We looked for some so. k
trouble as this, which we mentioned when commenting on the
change in the currency as made by the Chamber of Cummrrrr,
in favoring certain coins over others. If the reduction had bees
made at Uiat time equally on all coins in proportion to the value
they bore to Ihe American doilarjuf 100 cents, the standard of
this Kingdom, it would have been better. We think if the duties
were only payable in American coin, it -would be an advantage
to all concerned. The matter of the duties on the &a XjmpA'i
invoices is still in the hands of 11 is Ex. the Minister of Finance.
Tbadr has been very dull and Auction Sales unimportant. Ia
leading articles we quote :
BREAD octc for N'avy and Pilot ; Hawaiian 6cQ7c.
BEEF No American Mess in first bands. The sale of Ha
waiian, we are iuformed by the heaviest dealers, has been Ins
than one-half that of last year, at prices varying from 97 5td
CU FFEK Scarce. Laxt sales at 18 V In quantity.
FLOl tt Gallego $12(g$13; Hawaiian $9.
LI" Mat Kit tock on hand abundant, and market well supplied
until regular importations. N. W. boards $37)$4a R. W.
shingles 66 per M. From a tabular statement of products and
manufactures shipped from Poget Sound to foreign ports from
January 1st to Nov. 10, 1859, la the S. T. MercanMt P. C
Lint, we Bud there has been exported to Honolulu in that time
1,I45,9"9 ft sawed lumber, valued at port of shipment, II3.9T5 at
113,471 shingles, laths and packets, " " " l .tsji uu
155 spars, 44 44 !,: 0
.MOLASSES Continues scarce.
Sale 2&c per gall, without
SCGAB 6c.7c. New crops grinding not yet in market.
EXCHANGE Whaler bills sold at 1 per cent, premium
San Francisco par to X per cent, premium. '.
The Aslvertlasrr Ihe Csirrrsvev agaia
Ia the Commercial Article of our venerable confrere we aa
tire a statement made with its usual regard to facts, that tbs
importers by the -.bJ A'jfinph" bad duriag the last week pro
posed to make their inward entries fcr merchandise, exchang
ing at $4 75 put the pound, and that the Collertor had declines'
to receive either entries or duties, but subsequently found the
claim so unteuahle that the position had been abandiad and
probably would not be raised again. The farts in ttie case an
iJiyhtly different, as the plural ia the ord imjorUr is gram-
ton, only one individual making any such cUira, and oal
one other auy similar elaiui, and he mil on the j;nund of tbs
exchange, but on the glorious system of jxirity one of tbe
heaviest importers by the vessel having previously pased bat
entries, making the exchange himself at the aual rale of $4 so
The p sition has not yet been discovered to be either unjust
r untenable, and has not. and ranuot be abandoned witboat
acriticiug a right which every mdepeadant governmeat Bust
claim and insit upon the right i f regulating its nv. a current;
Ia the cae mentioned can the Alrtir, or any of it pat
rons show the justice of claiming the pouad to be the nail of
exchange, because it happens lo be the depreciated coin, while
the shilling, half and quarter shilling are all received asJ
passing at a premium : ould it not be deemed a hardship "
the rate at which the shilling passe shonld bo insisted f
by the government, thus raising the exchange from ft &
Si CO. Yet certainly the right of the government to take that
as a standard ia as good as that of the importer to insist sa
$ 4 75. especially as in this case the duties were paid ia aaxr
The standard prescribed by law ia this Kingdom is the
American coin, and the power is lodged ia the Minister M
Finance, with the consent of the Privy Council, to make such
rules and to adou such rates ia regard to other foreign cuia.
as heiuay deem movt proper, evea to the extent of rejecting
them altogether, as ia the tailed Slates, where the late at
which the British Sovereign is received, is fixed by positive
law and is yet not a legal tender in Ihe pay meat ot govern-'
The rate prescribed by the Minister of Finance ia this c
is simply a Treasary order, designed ta secure anifot mity i
our circulating medium, and does not fix the market value ef
the sovereign, except for pill poses of general trade.andsimp!'
confines it to those of exchange for which it was selling, if
were correctly informed, on the very day on which the above
emand wa made at the rate of $1 80, and the reason why it
was not teadered ia payment of the duties, was probably that
be person making the claim was too shrewd not to know last
it was worth more than $4 75.
But if the position taken by the Collector, that the govern
ment has a right to prescribe a rate of exchange different
that at which one class of the coins is received, is unteeaw
will the Adrertistr have the goodness to tell as whit is
done with French exchange. The silver 5-Fraac piece f
and is received at the Treasury tor SI 00, while the go'
Franc passes and ia received at only 70c, and the r 'd
Franc has a third rate and passes as 3 73, shall the import"
have the choice ia this matter exclusively, or has the govern
ment also some rights to be regarded In the case.'
The case is certainty somewhat complicated, but to
seems that il ia indisputable that the government is the prop'
party to Ax the rate of exchange lor foreign currency,
best way In clear the subject of difficulty seems to as to be tb
adoption of the rale ia use ia the United States, and also
the regulation that all government due shall be P"i4 11
issue of the American at int.
MtsTixn rt Pxa Cesvaot Mistakes are often made by V
sons not business men. in calculating per eentsge. "
chant marks his goods for sale at SO per eent. advance, an
per cent, be afterwards deducted from the market price.
. . . . . m i iw 4A cents.
at eo, Because jj per ceuk oi f rt
profits marked on SI. If he sells food nt SS Pe,.eot.t
cost, and deducts 5 per eent, from the hill for cash, h P'"l'fM
percent and not 80 per cent as some person at nrw
would suppose. Good have sosnetioae been Mid a
through mistake in per cent re. ,
7 Danes Cots The value of foreign coin depend P
ana-rant of pure rotd or silver which they contain. '' .rrttt
of weight and 1 ienes are occasional! mad by the
governments in their coins, it becomes necessary aw w
aaxcial world to be kept informed of what these Chang"