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Polynesian. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu], Hawaii) 1844-1864, June 02, 1860, Image 2

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.jKL.ii-..lty i jjaaasjur -"i mm raswirrrrrrpaswas'rss.aaa'saa.as I
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and labored discussion, resulting from the ambiguity
of the native language in this respect when a Hawaii
an makes a motion he says " manao," and when he ex
presses an opinion be eajs the same " manao," and
upon the decision that there could be but one motion
before'tbe Boose at one time, it was misunderstood to
be ruled there could be but one opinion. That firm
friend of the people's rights, Mr. Kalama, considered
that the rights of free discussion were assailed, were in
deed lost, if Buch was to be the practice of the House,
and appealed from the decision of the Chair to the
Home. The foreign members in the House supported
the ruling and endeavored to explain the misapprehen
sion, and it is hoped succeeded. The questiou upon the
appeal was not taken. . -
Mr. Kamakau gave notice that he would introduce
a joint resolution appropriating $8,000 to defray the
expenses of the session. Rules were suspended and the
resolution read first, second, and third time, and pass
ed. It was charming to see the unanimity with which
the House can act upon some occasions. Mr. McCully
introduced a resolution appropriating 820) for a buoy
at Hanaipo, Kobala. Retered to the Committee on In
ternal Improvements. Adjourned.
THE POLYNESIAN.
SATURDAY. JUNE 2. I SCO.
DEATH OP THE IIO.. J. W. K. MAIKAI.
It is our painful duty to record the death of the
Honorable John William Elliott Maikai, who de
parted this life on the 27th of May ult. This gen
tleman, while still young, graduated at the La
hainaluna Seminary, taking high honors ; that we
believe was in 1845. On leaving college he iai
mediately entered upon thethen very important
office of Secretary to the Governor of Oahu. After
holding that position for some time he was ap
pointed a District Justice ; his claims to promo
tion having soon been discovered. This appoint
ment did not prevent him from practising at the
bar, and few members of the legal profession have
acquired more credit or been more successful in the
causes ooinmitted to their care than the subject of
this hasty notice. During several sessions Mr.
Maikai was one of the most eloquent and able
members of the House of Representatives, and his
liberal policy and tact in debate gave him an in
fluence to which few of his compeers attained.
He resigned, however, all his alluring political
prospects, to assist his present Majesty, while he
was still Heir Presumptive to the Throne, in or
ganizing and reducing to order the military forces
of the nation. In doing this the gentleman de
ceased voluntarily submitted to a great pecuniary
loss; for the receipts from his original profession
would greatly have outweighed those which came
to him as a military officer.
The Honorable Mr. Maikai's high qnalifications,
and his character, not only for penetration but for
honesty of purpose and loyalty to Government un
der which he lived, were no doubt His Majesty's
motives for creating him a Noble, and although he
only sat on one occasion in the House to which he
had the honor to be called, there is no doubt that
his knowledge of affairs in general and of legal
matters in particular, would have conduced great
ly to the efficiency of the Body of which he was
constituted a member. As a son, husband and
father, Mr. Maikai was exemplary in his conduct,
and it is to be regarded as a national loss that
such a leader in every thing which implies improve
ment, as Mr. Maikai proved himself to be, should
hare been taken from us.
We are requested to state that the funeral of
the deceased gentleman will take place from his
late residence in Queen street, at 4 1-2 P. M. of
this day, and that members of the Houses of the
Legislature and the Diplomatic Corps, as well as
the friends of the deceased and the public gener
ally, will be placed in order of procession by the
officers appointed for that purpose.
" f" Having last week been occupied with the
opening of the Legislature and sundry other items,
we now intend to make our readers acquainted
with the different Reports of the Ministers, com
mencing with the
Restart af Ike Miniatrr af Finance.
During the two years ending March 21, 18G0.
there had been received into the Treasury, $65C,
215, 92, and paid out, $643,088 40. leaving a
balance on hand of $13;127 52.
The debf: of the Government on April 1, 1860,
was $108,778 33, of which S100.075 22 bore in
terest at 12 per cent, and the rest was mainly out
standing appropriations.
The portion of the alxve debt covered by
Exchequer Bills was ..$70,151 00 j
I. do. School Fund, T2.72 2" !
Do. do. Queen Dowager's Note, 17,000 OOt
lW,07"i 22
The interest on the abore, we are told, are
for the two coming years, on Kxchequer
Bills, tW.SXJ 00
Io. do. on School Fund, .. 3,054 Oil
Do. do. Queen Dowager's Note,....... 4,0Sii 00
81,021 00
$124 096 22
Of the above total indebtedness, the Minister
proposes to pay off, 1st, all the interests, and 2d,
the exchequer bills, amounting to $94,371 ; leav
ing the School Fund and the Queeu Dowager's
note to be provided lor hereafter.
That the Minister feels strongly the drag upon
the financial movements and resources of the coun
try, by nursing a standing debt with heavy inter
est, is fully apparent from tbo following quota
tion. He says :
In my judgment, roeasa-ee should be adopted to proTide ful
ly not only for all necessary current expenditures, but for the
payment of all Exchequer Bills as they fall due, without recourse
to further loans than are now authorized.
No reason exists for continuing, for any long time, a system
f finances which allows the expenditures of the Government to
exceed the receipts from legitimate sources of revenue. It is
the public interest, as well as sound policy, to cancel all exist
ing debts as speedily as possible, and it may be assumed that ev
ery good eitixen will be content to abide by whatever reasonable
provisions are made to that end."
. The Minister's suggestions how to pay off the
debt, or the greater portion of it, is apparently not
one of his happiest thoughts ; for he proposes to
borrow $79,000, partly by new exchequer bills and
partly by renewing old ones. While we heartily
concur in the " sound policy " enunciated by the
Minister, we fail to perceive its application in the
estimated ways and means.
The estimated receipt from a3 sources for the cur
rent biennial period, under the provisions of exist
ing laws, are - 874.1,2-25 00
Balance on hand April 1, 1660, 13,127 52
Total resources.
-75C,353 63
The estimated expenditures for the same time, in
eluding salaries dne April 1st,
744,000 79
Showing an excess of estimated receipt! over esti
mated expenditures of $12,352 73
If from the above $756,353 52 we deduct the
urn of $79,600, the proposed new loans to extin
guish old ooes, we have a net estimated receipt of
$676,753 52 ; and if from the estimated expendi
tures we deduct $3,552 interest on new exchequer
bills, we have a net estimated expenditure of $740,
443 79, or a deficit of $63,695 27.
The detailed account was published In the Vyiai of
April 28.
t for the purchase of her QM-thlrd fa b Waftahalulu wa-
tT lots.
But in looking over the estimates suggested by
the different departments, we perceive several
items which, however well it may be to have them,
yet cannot be said to be indispensably necessary to
the carrying on of His MajeBty'a Government, and
which, under present circumstances, may well be
subordinated to the preliminary question will the
funds permit it ? Among such items we would
mention a Palace, $20,000 ; a Government House,
$20,000 ; and $15,000 on the Department of War
($45,494 64, being all that has been expended on
that item during the past two years, instead of
$00,000 ns now estimated). And if $10,000 can
not be spared from the estimated appropriation of
$C0,000 for "Dredging Honolulu Harbor," we
think there is little doubt that it can be spared
from the estimated increase of salaries, which are
no doubt well deserved and discreetly selected, and
under happier auspices would find no objection
from us, and which we feel sure that the present
incumbents will not insist npon,during a period
of impending financial depression, incident to a
commercial transition from one policy to another,
and to industrial causes, dating back (some of
them) to the gold discovery in California, and of
which the reaction is only just now beginning.
To revert to his own department, the Minister
recommends that some amendments be made of the
law in regard to the mode of assessment and col
lection of taxes. The experience of the past year
has shown where the shoe pinches, and the Legis
lature will no doubt remedy the defects of the law.
The Minister's remarks upon the vexatious ques
tions which, during last Summer and Fall so much
agitated the mercantile community of this place,
are full in their contents and liberal in their spir
it. We quote them at length :
The provisions in regard to transit or transhipment, and re
exportation dutits. which must go into effect Li June unless
modilied by the Lep.ilature, are in my opinion of such a charac
ter as to require serious consideration. The natural position of
the Hawaiian Islands tends to make them the depot of coin
merce in the .Northern Pacific; but the necessary effect of laree
port exactions wiil be to counteract this policy and drive trade
from our shores. Such a result it ou;ht to be our policy to avoiiL
We should hold out inducements to vessels to enter our harlwrs
and not repel them from us to tranship their goods in our port;
to place their cargoes in our warehouses for re-exportation in
short, to make these islands the central point of their voyages in
this ocean.
" I submit it to the Legislature whether, in view of these sug
gestions, it would not be wise to drop this description of duties
altogether from the list, or else, if that is not deemed advisable,
to fix them at only a small degree above a nominal rate.
" There is still a stronger objection urged against the " draw
back," or re-exportation duties on foreign goods consigned to
our ports, stored in our warehouses, and exported in their origi
nal packages to other countries. Merchandise with an invoice
cost of two hundred and fifty dollars or less does not fall within
the rule of drawback; goods invoiced above that amount must
pay two per cent af rnlorem ; liquors are entitled to a draw
back of three-fourths of all the duties to which they are liable.
Thus every gallon of spirits entered at the Custom House would
have to pay a duty of seventy-five cents for the privilege of re
exportation, though its invoice cost may have been the same or
even a less amount. The poliry of such a discrimination can
not, evidently, be sustained upon any principle of sound xilicy
or political economy, and I therefore suggest that all bonded
goods, without distinction, should be placed upon the same foot
ing, with a small charce only say of one per cent for the pri
vilece of withdrawal for exortation.
"The amount of liquors consumed can, in no manner, depend
upon the rate of our drawback or exportation duties. If such
duties are onerous we shall not be troubled with importations
beyond the demauds of domestic consumption ; if reasonable and
liberal, our ports may become the dexts of invoices destined for
the settlements of America and Asia, receiving more than an
equivalent lor duties of "drawback," in fees for storage, charges
for Custom House service, and the increased prosperity of Indus,
try and trade. I have nsed the terms " transit " and " draw
back " in the sense of the Code, though their strict commercial
signification may be somewhat different, and in case legislation
in regard to the duties thus designated, should be deemed neces
sary, I recommend such a revision of these and other terms, as
will make our Custom Honse nomenclature conform to the gen
eral usage of commerce in other parts of the world."
We arc, further on, told that
" It is worthy of consideration whether the tariff may not
properly be so amended as to protect in some degree the inter
ests of domestic labor and enterprise, by a fair discrimination
between raw materials and such manufactured articles as come
in competition with the industry of the country. The artizan,
the mechanic, the laborer, have, under existing circumstances,
but little chance of success when the country is deluged with
cheap articles, or "slops," made for sale and not for use fine in
apprarance, hut without intrinsic value.
" The imported manufactures of wood, of cloth, of leather, and
various other materials, come in direct competition with domes
tic industry, and shut out from employment a large class of men
and women who would otherwise be industrious and producing
members of the community.
"A duty of fifteen or twenty per cent on such articles of trade,
if it made no addition to the public revenues, would at least pro
tect the industrial ortijii of the community and encourage en
terprise among the people.
'If it be desirable to introduce habits of labor, economy and
foresight among the Hawaiian people, I know of no better means
than to shape our legislation so as to enable them to enirace pro
fitably in the usual trades and avocations of other countries."
This subject of protecting manufactures and in
dustry by special legislation has its advocates as
well as its opponents. As the subject, however, is
brought forward as a suggestion for the Legisla
ture, and not as a policy determined upon by the
Government, we are free to 6ay, that however
plausible the arguments for protective duties may
be, yet their inevitable result is to make the
consumer pay to the manufacturer interest on the
capital which the latter employs to compete with
foreign made articles, and to raise the price on the
home-made. We know, for instance, now that
machinery has been introduced in the Islands, that
wooden ware can be manufactured here. But with
a five or even a ten per cent duty on the Boston
made imported articles, the home-made cannot be
sold at a profit to the maker; whereas with a twen
ty per cent duty on the imported, the home-made
would undersell it or stand on equal terms. We
would encourage the manufacture and promote the
investment of capital in every proper and lawful
way, but the rights of the consumer are of older
date and full as important as those cf the manu
facturer. Whatever may be the lowest figure at which
each individual Government may place its duties
on imports, yet, whenever that figure exceeds what
is required for purposes of general revenue, it be
comes discriminating and protective in favor of one
or a few, to the prejudice of the many.
The Minister's endorsement of the Chief Justice's
opinion, that there is no necessity for making
the compensation of District Justices a charge up
on the public Treasury," will be referred to in an
other lace. It is an experiment of doubtful expe
diency. Its revenue reason is plausible enough,
but how will it affect the credit of the judges and
the morals of the country population ?
We append the following comparative exhibit of
the Financial Report rendered April, 1853, and
this of lbGO, each embracing a term of two years :
1858. 1860.
Bureau Foreign Imposts,- $231,201 23 218,ati9 tig
Internal Commerce,- 6S.471 63 62rVJ8 26
" Taxes.. 134.809 1.9 10H,MI h5
" Government Press,. 14,245 20 7,873 41a
" Fines and Penalties, ....4H.&40 55 50,54 346
" Fees and Perquisites,.......21,t;M 20 25,39 31
" Gov't Realizations, S5,675 69 100.831 49c
" Miscellaneous Uec'pw,.....6i,023 btkl 86,1178 In
KxcEirrs, Total, . ....$667,138 07
Expenditure.
o56,2J5 92
2.326 21 f
Civil List,....
... trfl.SHJI tKJ
Department Interior.........
Government Press,.......
Dep't Foreign delations,
Finance,.
" Public Instruction,.
" War, ,
" Law,
Public Improvements,....
Miscellaneous.
Cash to balance...............
S0.S33 S3 20,0 00
- 17.955 71 16,065 73
,. 41,S42 "1 52 7"6 34a
. 93.790 86 23,742 S3
.. 49,3-M 04 45,494 f4
.. 94,210 31 9o 9-'S 27
.I39J-J9 8 I3I,8-2I 85
..33,440 56i Il.',181 S5t
... 349,24 13,127 52
F-XFixnnrma, Totil ..S667,I38 07 $,656,213 92
Not including $f.6.4S5 49 for the Common School tax, nor
$1,750 66 Honolulu Foreign School tax for 1658. The main in
crease of this branch of taxes for i860 lay in the Property tax,
$ 1 5,6 61, and in the doubling of the Horse and Mule taxes.
$15,107 45.
(i) Not including stamps, $778.
(f) The Marshal and sheriffs have been on salary during 1S59,
and not drawing a share of fleet and penalties as heretofore.
(c) Main increase in r nt, $2,27 54, wharfage, $7,250 $5,
and in Post Office receipt, $3,676 32.
() Exchequer bills, -J8.750.
() Exchequer bills $70,350, and School Fund $12,725 22.
() Seduced by striking off appropriation Princes Victoria
$4,t)00, appropriation Queen Dowager $2,000, Palace buildings
$7,000, expenses U. M.'s marriage $2,500.
(it) Main increase in the pay of assessor 1853-9, $7,381 67.
(A) Including $63,025 05, Common School tax not paid into
the Treasury for 1859-60.
(t) Including $8,084 04 stolen from the Custom House.
) Including Legislature 1858, $2fl,U71 67, Exchequer bilU
$33,700, interest on do. $10,660 5J, repayment to heir of M.
Kekuaiwa, 10.74 09,fcc.
The Liaaar Qaeatiaa.
We noticed a communication 10 the Advertiser of May
24th, uuder the above heading, which it affords us no
little pleasure to refer to, on account of the quiet, gen
tlemanly manner in which it discusses a sabject so un
used to receiving common courtesy, from the abstinence
camp. But while sensible of the improved manners of
our opponents, we regret exceedingly that we cannot
extend the same commendation to their matter. Our
space will not permit us to follow the article through
its various phases, more especially its incorrect analogies
and its unfinished inductions, stopping short of their
legitimate and logical result; but we justify this remark
by quoting from it the following peroration :
In closing this article I may say that I think experience and
competent and reliable testimony have established the following
points :
1. That the use of alcoholic drinks as a beverage is not neces
sary to life, health or happiness.
2. That their is a most fruitful source of pauperism and
crime, hence weakening the state, and producing personal, do
mestic and social wretchedness and misery.
3. That in alt communities where their use has prevailed, some
have become inebriates ; that this portion has been gradually
drawn from the ranks of the temperate, and embraced both high
and low, rich and poor, learned and unlearned.
4. That there is no reasonable hope that the same cause in
the future will not produce the same effect as in the past.
If these principles are sound, it follows that total abHtinttw i
the only perfectly safe course, as temperate driukers are as liable
to fall in time to come as others were who have fallen in times
past. It also follows that the good of the state and the commu
nity demand the greatest restriction upon the traffic iu spirituous
liquor . And I agaiu repeat, in closing, that as a friend of both
Hiur.'.iau and European, I should deplore the removal of any
restr ction upon this traffic in any of its branches, and hope any
uiea ure to this end may not meet with success.
Vhe italics are our own. To the Jirtt proposition we
agree s an abstract theory in physics, but with the well
defined understanding or reservation that we do not
deal with man in a natural or savage state, man in
the abstract, but with mm as we find him, such as
the abuses of civilization or the neglect of its benefits,
such as his own vices, or those of his parents have made
him.
The logical fallacy of the second proposition is self-
evident, and we need not stop to make it plainer. If
the use of spirits "is a most fruitful source of pauper
ism and crime," will the writer deem that it is not
equally established by experience and competent and
reliable testimony" that Ote use of religion is a most
fruitful source of fanaticism, insanity and suicide,
weakening the moral perceptions of a community and
producing personal, domestic and social wretchedness
and misery?"
Where is the logic of such reasoning, where its com
mon sense ? Are use and abuie convertible terms, and
do the predicates of the one apply to the other ?
The syllogism embraced in the third proposition is
equally at fault We might say, because in all commu
nities where women prevail, some men have become lib
ertines and th .t portion has been gradually drawn from
the ranks of the virtuous and modest, does the caase of
that vice lie in the woman or the man ? If in the wo
man, why do not all men become libertines ; if in the
man, why accuse the woman ? And so with spirits.
There is no form of logic, no kind of reasoning, by
which one can argue against the use from the abuse of
a tiling. If some men have become inebriates through
the use of spirits, why have not all men who use it, if
the cause lay in the spirits ? There is an inexorable
logic of sequences, of which teetotallers are fearfully ig
norant, or to which they are impiously contumacious.
In regard to the fourth proposition we will only say,
that as the teetotallers have studiously, persistently
and, we are loth to say, against their better knowledge
pinned their faith and practice to wrong and fallacious
premises, to causes which are no causes, " there is no
reasonable hope' that these will not produce the
same effects" in the future as in the past, vix : moral
confusion about the responsibility of a free agent, and
mental illusion as to the plainest proposition in logic.
But stranger still, while the advocates of the " great
est restriction upon the traffic in spirituous liquors,"
claim for themselves all the sympathy for the nitive,
they deny us the least spark of feeling and considera
tion. By their frantic outcries and hurried appeals one
might be led to think that we were now about introduc
ing spirits for the first time, to the acquaintance of the
native, and that it is entirely owing to their maternal
vigilance that the people have remained up to this date
so innocent and pure from the contamination of liquors,
notwithstanding commerce and the white man, (and
among the latter, some of the tallest scoundrels unhung)
have for eighty years passed through and through the
very heart of the people. Why then do they argue,
why should we legislate, as if drunkenness and debauch
ery were prospective vices whose introduction might
be prevented or delayed ? Are we such moral quacks,
such political empirics as to use toe same nostrums for
all diseases and all phases of the same disease ? Were
ever human passions compelled by human laws ?
We admit the fearful extent of the misery created by
intemperance, but the whole difficulty of the liquor
question seems to us to be in this, that people ignore,
or deny that the only true and primary cause (the only
one that can be logically demonstrated,) of all that
wretchedness and vice, lies in the living, sinning, suf
fering heart in man, and not in any inert matter with
out him. Any other or opposite doctrine can lead to
no other conclusion, than that man is not responsible
for his acts.
The very best of legislation can only deal with man
as it finds him, but it is education that moulds him for
vice or virtue, here and hereafter. Though legislation
may fetter the limbs, yet it can not compel the obe
dience of the heart.
If we cannot legislate sobriety into the nation, we
can do much towards legislating bad liquor out of it
If we cannot improve the heart by legislation, we may
at least protect the stomach, and prosecute for felony,
the man who poisons the drink, as well as him who
poisons the food of his neighbor. But while we would
punish a man for adulterating the liquor here, it would
not be just to punish him for the adulterations of people
abroad. ILw then could we meet the evil after all, and
stop the consumption of these poisoned compounds ?
There is but one way consistent with the teachings of
history, physiology and logic, and that is to manufac
ture the pure article ourselves, which can be done and
sold at such a price as to induce the dealer to sub
stitute them for the foreign made poisons or the home
made hell-broths, the Honolulu Beer. And how the
liberty to manufacture and sell the home-made Simon
pure, (be it Wines, Brandy or Rum,) instead of the
foreign Peter Funks, and their terrible spawn the Hon
olulu Beer, can tend to the increase of intemperance,
is a favorite assertion with some people whose motives
we respect, but whose means we detest
Strawberries! Strawberries!
The best way to advertise an article is to send the
printer a sample, and you are sure of an editorial no
tice. Mr. Holstein, the talented and indefatigable gard
ner of the R. U. Agricultural Society's Garden, has
sent ns a basket of the above delicious fruit, and
while we take this opportunity to acknowledge the
courtesy, we would also inform the public that the
strawberry season closes in about six weeks more,
and that thus there is not much time to lose.
We venture to say that not a foreign born resident
in this place will forego a dish of strawberries and j
cream, were it only for the sake of the pleasant re- J
collections of childhood and home which they call j
1- i
PAST WEEK
The Advertiser astsl the Badset.
No sooner had the report of the Minister of Fi
nance been presented to the Legislature and become
public property, than Honolulu, drooping during
this hot weather for the want of a subject, raised its
head in expectation. The scattered forces of the
opposition press rallied round the smut-pot with
sleesome faces and fun galore, for there was mis
chief brewing, a report to be d d and a man to
be scorched. Meanwhile the news flew fast and far,
and nothing but the budget could be heard through
the day. Men talked about it, slept upon it, and
awoke with it still sticking ta their lip. Fat gentle
men rushing up office steps, puffing and blowing
like whales in a flurry, lean gentlemen tearing down
stairs with the budget sticking out like the tail of a
comet ; out of one store and into another ; up to
the P. C. Advertiser and down the Rialto ; the bud
get, the budget was the lion of the day. Some pull
ed its wool one way, some pulled it another, some
stuck to the letter text, some froze to the figures.
But thfc Advertiser!
It had five glorious days of preparation before it.
Five days to screw its thunder up ; five days to
charge itself with lightning ; five days to turn the
budget inside out ; five days to cram for the per
formance. Eh bien ! and the performance ?
Alas, alas, it burst its boiler and went off on a
tangent. It left the report and pitched into its ma
ker. In vain its friends advised, in vain faint recol
lections of broken shins and loss of credit cried out,
" He ruled, you shall not go "
In vain each sainted critic and reviewer, from lo
sing up to Jeffrey, held up their warning hands and
dropped a tear apiece upon the copy.
" Unhand me, gentlemen !"
says the Advertiser,
" By Heaven, I'll make a ghort of him that stops my way."
" Here is a glorioos opening, and I'll go my length "
in personality and rubbish !
But persiflage apart.
A journalist who, with a report like that of the
Minister of Finance before him, cannot make his
points out of the report itself, but must invade the
personal motives and the private life of the Minis
ter, is below crit.cism ; and of uch the Minister
may well be supposed to say :
" I will be hang'd, if some eternal villain,
Pome busy and itisiiiiiatine rogue,
Some cogging, cozening .nlave, to get the office.
Have not devis'd this slander."
We had not intended to have offered any explana
tion to an article so insultingly personal, but it
would be unjust and unfair not to atate that, what
ever be the official routine and parliamentary usage
in other countries, here in Hawaii the public docu
ment, dignified by the name of the Ministerial
Budget, is simply a collection of suggested receipts
and expenditures from the various heads of bureaus,
and practically serving no other purpose than that
of an index to the Finance Committee of the House
of Representatives, who prepare the real, actual
budget of the country which is discussed, amended
and passed upon by the Legislature. In England a
ministerial budget may raise a beze, but here at
this time, it has been invested, through ignorance or
design, with too great importance.
Meeting: f the Cbaaiberlaf Commerce.
Yesterday afternoon thi Honolulu Chamber of Com
merce met at their rooms and passed resolutions to the
following effect, in substance:
1. That the Chamber cordially approve of the pro
position of the Minister of Finance, to abolish the tran
sit duties the Chamber defining the meaning of transit
duties to be &Uj Juties whatever, on goods re-exported,
or to whatever amount, so long a3 the goods are in orig
inal packages.
2. That the Chamber views ith regret that the Min
ister of Finance proposes the imposition of special du
ties for the protection of domestic industry.
3. That it is the opinion of the Chamber that the
number of Auctioneers in the Hawaiian Islands should
not be limited in number, nr
4. Confined to Hawtiians exclusively.
5. Transmitting copiei . f 'n above resolutions to the
Legislature.
6. Appointing Me?rj, O 1-1. W U. Aldrich and B.
F. Snow, a Commit f f? t.vu whether an Insur
ance Co. can be esUbliabi: ;u ik'iolulu.
Picked ap!
Capt. O. S. Porter, of the schooner Far lVest
now in port , recently returned from a cruise of ex
ploration for the American Guano Co., informs us
that on the 4th of March, 1SG0, he picked up on the
beach on Gardiner's Island, in latitude 4 c 40' south
and longitude 174 40' west, a bottle in which was
a paper addressed :
Please forward these to Lieut. Maury, Washington.
On the paper was written the following :
" Ship Eli Whitney, I.at. 8 50 Long. 163 a West ; Wind
North ; Barometer 29 3 cm)'; all well ; 42 days out ; hardest chance
ever seen. March, 18.V."
Capt. Porter has forwarded the paper as addressed
to the National Observatory at Washington, with
other valuable memoranda of currents, etc.
A Fine Bant.
We hear that Capt Linnell, of the ship Flying Mist,
before his departure sold to His Majesty a clincher-built
boat, v.bich was built under his personal supervision,
and from his own drafts, in Hongkong a few months
ago, by Ayong, a celebrated boat builder there. The
price paid was $200, and she is well worth the money.
She b elegant'y fitted out and strongly listened, and
we doubt if there is anything of the boat kind in these
waters which can be it her, although her former owner
never tested her pulling qualities, he has her sailing
ones, and never was beaten by any antagonist. Her
length is 27$ feet, and her beam 5 feet 2 inches. His
Majesty now owns the two fastest boats in the kingdom.
Sale of Jaaaaeae Gaaaa
There will be an auction sale of the lacquered
ware ex Zoe on Tuesday evening next, at the Armo
ry of the Honolulu Rifles, A.T. Everett, Esq., offi
ciating as knight of the hammer. Lots of beautiful
things tempting to the eye will be exposed for sale,
and we advise any one who don't want to buy to
keep away; for once there, with the auctioneer's eye
on you, and his winning manner, you're gone in and
nod before you know it. The mammoth lanterns
and transparencies alone will be sights of themselves.
The Mai Keiki.
Although of small dimensions, this favorite little
schooner continues her regular trips between this and
Kahului, giving the utmost satisfaction to shippers by
her, under the charge of Capt. Wetherby; and all who
are forced by circumstances to travel upon the great
waters, and make passages on her, speak in the highest
terms of his attention to their wants and study of their
comfort, as far as his limited accommodation will per
mit. Laaaefcaribe Pele.
This steamer, which has been hauled up on ways
prepared for her by Messrs. Johnson & Foster, for some
time past undergoing repairs, was launched on Thurs
day, gliding gracefully as a swan to her more familiar
element, upon whose bosom she floated as if conscious
of the improvement she had received from the skillful
hands of the experienced men who conducted the work.
Receaciaa at Ike Palace.
The entire body of the clergymen connected with
the " Hawaiian Evangelical Association, with several
of their ladies, called on His M jesty on Wednesday
morning at the Palace and were received by him in a
most informal and friendly manner in his private apart
ments. The Rev. W. P. Alexander on behalf of his brethren
addressed His Majesty as follows :
Mat it please Yota Majesty :
In behalf of my brethren, I would say, we received
the invitation with gnat pleasure sent by the hand of
the President of your Board of Education, th.it we meet
you to-day for the interchange of a friendly greeting.
We rejoice in the good health of your Majesty and of
the Queen and of the Prince of Hawaii, and in the
peace and tranquility of your nation.
It is not necessary for us to assure your Majesty that
we love your n .tion ; our lives have been devoted to
seeding its prosperity and we have ever felt a lively in
terest in iU conflicts and struggles as it has arisen and
assumed an honorable position among the nations of I ha
earth. We are happy to observe that your Majesty, in
your speech to the Legislature, has called their special
attention to those ponions of the report of th; Chief
Justice that relate to two offences against the laws,
which, more than any other, ten! to demoralize and
destroy the people. God grant the aspirations of your
Majesty and incline the Legislature to enact laws that
will tend to eradicate or diminish these evils. Your
Majesty may rest assured of our hearty co-operation
and support in such measures. Our prayer and our
endeavor shall ever be that this nation may continue
as long as the sun and moon endure, making constant
progress in intelligence, morality and piety and what
ever renders a people great and prosperous.
His Majesty was pleased to reply in substance as fol
lows :
I assure you, gentlemen, that no expression of good
will towards myself or my people is necessary on your
part ; that is well known. Nor need I say that the
same confidence and friendly regard which was ever
cherished towards you by ray predecessors is entertained
by myself. The feeling with me is not only personal
but hereditary.
In regard to those portions of ray speech to the Leg
islature to which you are pleased to refer, I shall cer
tainly rely upon the co-operation of the clergy in carry
ing into effect any measures that may be adopted for the
suppression cf those great evils referred to, and I am
confident that I shall have it not only in this but in ev
ery other good work.
Gentlemen and ladies. I am always happy to see you,
while ou these ytaily visits to the metropolis.
lutrrewliax fraua Japaa.
By the errival of the Zoe from iianagawa, we have
received intelligence to the 1st of M.iy from that place.
Messrs. C. A. Williams, and F. S. Pratt were passen
gers. We are indebted to the latter for much valuable
information, and for the following interesting report,
dated
YoKonAMA, Jaux. April 29th, I860.
Considerable excitement prevails at Kauagawa in
consequeuce of a portion of the people being opposed to
foreigners coming there to trade, and great fears are
entertained for the safety of the foreigners there resid
ing. Two Dutch Captains were most horribly murdered
a few days ago. This was an act of wanton cruelty on
the part cf the rebels for which no reason can be as
signed, and the Prince GUairo, who is in favor of for
eigners, has also been attackeJ by the rebels and so
badly wounded that there are no hopes of his recovery.
The American Minister, resident at Yeddo, and all
the foreign Consuls at Kanagawa, have advised all for
eigners to keep within doors as much as possible, espe
cially nights, and at all times to go armed, which they
have done. It is stated after the murder of the
said captains, the authorities had arrested some thirty
of the rebels, all of whom were executed at Yeddo, by
having their heads cut off.
The government notifies all foreigners that whenever
they desire t w.dk or ride out they can always have a
guard to accompany them, and it is their wish that
they will not go about without them,
The accounts from Yeddo show proof of the good
faith of the government They state that the Piince
Gotuiro is not yet dead and there is every hope of his
recovery. H. B. M.'s Envoy Extraordinary and Minis
ter Plenipotentiary in Japan offered bis services surgic
ally if needed. During the attack on the Gotuiro one
of the assailants was so badly wounded that he could
not escape, so one of his friends in order to prevent
detection cut off his head and run away with it in his
hand, making his escape through the gate, close at
hand. In consequence of this the Tycoon ordered
the head officer in charge of the g tte, to commit the
Hara Kari," which he accordingly did, and the
Draimo, whose men the police were, was ordered to be
confin d to his house, and it is said, he will probably
lose half his est .tes, in consequence of his negligence.
The Gotniro on getting home, sent off to his provinces,
110 miles away from here, for a reinforcement of sol
diers to guard him , all heavily armed. The news trav
elled in 24 hours. The Gotairo is one of the m st pow
erful men in the empire, and rules over thirty-five
provinces.
The latest official accounts are contained in a dispatch
to the U. S. Consul, from the governors of Kanagawa
and Yokohama, which :s as follows:
" We, Mizokortsi Sanoe Kino Kami, and Kakemoto Dxoesiono
Kami, would announce the death of the Gotuiro and the cessa
tion of the period of Aniei. The period now commencing is that
of M anem "
At the present writing, affairs s-em to be quiet, but
there is no doubt but the trouble will end in a civil war.
The Allied Armies) fsr Cbiaa.
In regard to this formidable force we clip the follow
ing from one of our late exchanges. It certainly looks
like work ahead for the surgeons.
An impression prevails among merchants and mari
ners, who are naturally more intimate with Chinese
manners and customs than any other class of msn who
visit the Celestial Empire, that th. Emperor and his
C- urt will do anything (on paper) to prevent war, and
then with characteristic deceit, break the treaty.
Cunning and treachery are prominent traits in the
Asiatic character their maxim and practice in inter
national policy being to overreach, and not to carry
out even their most solemn engagements in good faith.
It is clear, however, that England and France are not
in a humor to be trifled with. The combined force of
the allies will be a very formidable expedition. That
of England will consist of eleven regiments of infantry,
each one thousand strong, that is of eleven thousand ;
of two hundred European cavalry ; cf seventeen batte
ries of European artillery from India, one Armstrong
battery from England, say eight hundred men ; of three
companies European engineers, three hundred men ;
of three battalions of marines, three thousand men ; of
a like number of sailors to serve on land, three thou
sand ; of five battalions of native infantry of Bengal,
each eight hundrrd strong, or four thousand men ; of
three batalions M dras and Bombay, each one thou
sand strong, or three thousand men ; of three hundred
native cavelry ; of one battery of native artillery, one
huudren men ; and two hundred native sappers and
mirrors.
The English portion of the allied army will then con
sist of eighteen thousand three hundred European and
seven thousand six hundred natives, a total of twenty
five thousand nine hundred men, adding to this ten
thousand French infantry and cavalry, and say half as
many mariners and tailors as the English contribution
t the allied forces, or three thousand, and the total
expedition will amount to thirty-eight thousand nine
hundred men, exclusive of the navy. These forces will
proceed to north China, and probably advance to Pekin,
in which capital, it is believed, the Europeans are re
solved to negotiate. It is understood that CLina is to
be required to defray all expences of the two expe
ditions, whether the Emperor submits to terms, by w y
of avoiding war, or not The nearest landing place
on the coast of Pekin, is at a distance of a hundred
miles, and the country to be traversed is described as
marshy, and difficult for the passage of armies. On dit
that th- combined expedition will be under the direction
of two diplomatists, two generals, and two admirals.
Will they agree in their counsel ?
Later fraae Tictaria
By the Jenny Ford we have dates to the 30th
April. We clip the following from our exchsigcs :
Chisesb Trade dirict with Victoria. The Nor
wegian ship Hebe arrived at Victoria on the 2.5th
A pnl. 62 days out from Hongkong. She brought
25H Chinese passengers, and an assorted cargo of
China goods, of the value of $11,669, and is con
signed to the Chinese house of Quang Lee & Co.
Nearer than San Francisco, and having the advan
tage of a free port.it would be strange indeed if
Victoria were to allow her powerful neighbor to mo
nopolize all the advantages of a direct intercourse
with China. Two other vessels are loading at
Hongkong for this port; one of them, the American
ship Red Rover, was to leave on the 17th of March.
Colonist.
Relreackaaeal ! Reireaebaaeall
By our advertising columns it will be seen that Mr.
Isaae Ferguson has again embarked in his old bosineaa
of ship carpentering, caulking &C, and taking into
consideration the hard times ant? the necessity of
retrenchment, is prepared to execute all orders on the
most reasonable terms. His former reputation as
workman is a guarantee that any job entrusted to hi
will be faithfully executed.
Jaaaaeae St earner Caadiasaarraa.
This steamer sailed for Japan on Saturday last,
at the early hour of 7, A. M. Promptness is evi.
dently one of the virtues of this singular people. On
leaving the harbor she tired a salute, which was re
turned by the battery on Punchbowl Hill.
C O It It ESP OX D E X C E . I
TO THB EDITOB OP TH POLTXKSIAJI.
Sia : A new era of journalism seems to have been
commenced in Honolulu. Instead of the amenities
which ought to belong to the press, we see inaugurated
a system of detraction against public officers, which
finds no parallel in civilized communities.
What does it mean ? From what source can it come ?
Is it the suggestion of hostility to the government ,r
the beginning of a system of deliberate, cold-blooded
persecution against one of his Majesty's Ministers;
Going still further, let us enquire if it may not ba con
sidered as the first indication of a treasonable plot con
ceived but not developed- against the Constitution and
His Majesty's throne ?
The uncharitableness, hatred and ill-will of the Ad
vertiser towards the Minister of Finance has long been
notorious. It never spares an opportunity to misrepre
sent him. It is untiring in its course of fault-finding,
perversion, and malevolence, never letting slip an op
portunity to insinuate a slander, or give utterance to a
libel.
Who has forgotten the atrocious calumny which it
sanctioned on the loth of February last, at the instance
of its adviser, dictator and master the perverse, tur
bulent and law-defying demagogue, who enfolds him
self in the British flag ami shouts bosannas to the tune
of Hail Columbia" and ' Yankee Doodle," whose
practice, wherever he has lived, has been to play the
part of an agitator, to set at defiance the public author
ities, to foment disturbances in Church and State, to in
troduce variances into society, and make himself an
instrument of evil,
'stealing tlie livery of the Court of Ifeaven to serve the Devil in."
Does not the whole community remember the Adver
tiser's falsehood in regard to the course of the Ministers
on the liquor question ? It commenced by a wilful mis
representation. When its mendacity wa exposed, it
remained silent or re-asserted its calumnies. Its motto
evidently is, that a lie well supported is as good as the
truth.
Where shall we find the motive of all this malignity,
this pervert hatred against the government this in
tense bitterness against one of His Majesty's Ministers?
There are some who ground it upon the odium theologi
cum always the bigots armory but it is m re likely to
be based upon a treasonable spirit, which looks first to
the destruction of the supporters of the throne, and then
to the downfall of the throne itself.
It will be wie to watch the conduct of these agitators,
to resist their purposes with a strong hand, so as to save
Hawaiian independence from the vipers who seek to des
troy it. Macl
JcxbI, 1860.
to thk editor of the poltsesia!t " '
Sia : In your notice of the " Queen's Hospital" last
week, I perceive that you have fallen into an error iaj
stating the amount at which the contract has been taken
for the erection of the buiMings. The contract for the
performance of all the labor, and the furnishing of alii
the materials excepting the stone and sand, was entered;
into with Mr. Lewers for 1 1,400. The additional cost
of the 6tone and sand increases the estimated expense
of the whole to $13,500. I also observe some remarks
of Messrs. Johnson & Allen, in the Advertiser of Thurs
day last, which are doubtless based upon erroneous in
formation respecting the action of the Trustees in the
matter of the contract. Agreeably with the vote of the
Trustees, the Executive Committee advertised for ten
ders for a building of 120 feet long. When these had
been received, the Committee laid them all before a spe
cial meeting of the board, and finding the lowest esti
mate consideraly exceeded the means at command, the
Committee were instructed to accept the lowest tender
which was made, provided the contractor would make
a reduction from the sum stated, justly proportioned to
the diminished size of the building.
His original tender was less by several hundred dol
lars than any other, and this course was regarded by
the Trustees as just to all parties.
As managers of a public fund, the Board of Trustees
have aimed to unite the greatest benefit with the great
est economy, in the use of the means placed at their
disposal. The work to be don-, has. in all its parts
been awarded to the lowest responsible bidder.
Mr. Webster, a member of the Board and of the Ex
ecutive Committee, was an unsuccessful competitor for
the hauling of the stone, and voted with as much appar- j
rent ciieerr iiness ior awaruing tne contract to nis rival
as any other member. Those who contribute towards
any object, public or private, have an undoubted right
to be informed whether their contributions are legiti
mately used for the purposes for which tbey intended, t
and I do not doubt that every member of the Board
fully recognizes this right, and the corporation acts up
on it, in laying the report of its proceedings before the
public, semi-annually, through the press.
These statements are due to that public who have so
liberally contributed for the foundation of an institution
whose great usefulness, the past year's experience has
placed beyond a question.
Messrs. Johnson & Allen will doubtless be glad, as
well as other members of the community who have con
tributed to this benevolent institution, to know the true
state of the case, and I fully believe that all may rest
a-ssuied, that every member of the Board will co-operate
with His Majesty the Royal President, in his efforts so
to manage the important trust committed to them, that
their action shall commend itself, not only to the very
generous subscribers, but to the tchole community.
The delay to which you have alluded, has seemed
unavoidable under the circumstances, but the subscrib
ers will be happy to know that while the main building
is going rapidly forward, the building on the premises
purchased, has been so fitted up as to make a very good
temporary Hospital, which is now accommodating twenty-one
patients, whilst ths institution is affording relief
to a lare number of dispensary applicants. Dr. Hil
lebrand has performed a number of surgical operations
with entire success, and the promise of usefulness of
this institution has never seemed greater than at the
present moment
To Mr. Heuck the Trustees have already expressed
their gratitude, for his voluntary, valuable and unpaid
labors, iu designing and drawing up plans and specifica
tions for the contempt ted building, as he declined all
pecuniary compensation.
The Commercial Advertiser will oblige by also inserting
this communication.
Respectfully yours. S. N". Castle,
Acting Chairman on the Ex. Com.
TO THE EDITOR OP THK POLTJIESIA.
Sib. : Nothing but the force of circumstances
could ever induce me to obtrude on the columns of
your paper. I would much prefer the Advertiser (a
paper more in keeping with my politics) to advance
my interests ; but as you are aware some days must
elapse before another blast can be got ready for that
paper. I am, sir, a candidate for office a cheap, capa
ble, and, I think, a proper person to fill any office
from Minister of Foreign Relations down to a No. 3
auctioneer. The Finance Department is the one I
am the best calculated to fill, for 'I have had some
experience in small change," and is the one I bow
make the bid for. I will fill that office for the sum
of $2,240 per annum, to be paid to me, or in other
words, I shall draw my salary at the end of every
three months in five-franc pi-cea, " as I can
dispose of them in the fall to whale ships anl
Japan expeditionists at two per cent, premium."
I will guarantee to carry on the Government for
the next two years for $60.000," leas than the
present incumbent figures won't lie I have the new
Budget, through the assistance of one or two of my
friends, all ready. Your curiosity may lead you to

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