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SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 29. IStJO
DEATH OF REV. R. ARMSTRONG. D. I.
Thousands of people die dailj and wake
no sign;" thousands go, they know not why, and
care not bow, from one world to another, and are
as little missed in the one they leave as they are
welcomed in the one they enter ; thousands again
are swept like the washings of a river and " the
place that knew them, knows thorn no more ;" yet
now and then a larger stone crumbles and falls
Scorn the arch of ..humanity, and the fabric is
shaken and man is humbled, and the sound of its
fall finds a wider sweep than the little grains of
sand, amongst which it now lies buried.
Thousands linger, linger, and i.re never ready ;
not that love is wanting, but that faith is weak.
Thousands hurry, hurry, to lay down a burden
which they cannot alter, which they will not bear ;
not that hope is lessened, but that patience is
at fault. Love may well linger when the parting
is final ; hope may well hurry when the meeting
is doubtlul Yet now and then a spirit goeB to
the spirit-land, whose memory is not all a blank,
whose affections are not all on itself, whose eyes,
though closed in death, look back in love on wife
and children, as well as forward in hope of the
reunion; whose ears, though sealed to human
sounds, are as conscious of the sobbings of the true
hearts it left behind, as of the angel choirs above
When a great man in the land, and a prominent
man in an extended sphere 4f duties, suddenly
drops out of that sphere, and hand, fnot, tongue
eye and brain, that wrought the will of that spirit
through the ends ol the earth, are finally composed
alongside of common clay within the narrow limits
of six feet of earth : when the moan of the night
wind or the rays of the early sun pass over his
grave, as they would o'er the humblest we note
the lesson, but how many receive it !
We are mortal ; we should therefore be humble :
we are human ; we should therefore be charitable.
The responsibility of the living to the living ceases
with death ; of their responsibility to God we are
not the judges, lest we should be judged ourselves.
Let him who has arrows to shoot, shoot theiu
against living hearts, or they may rebound from
the marble of the tomb and hurt the hunter. The
humble, loving, Christian soul will ever find the
perfumes on life's path, whether it leads over Al
pine heights or marshy fens, while the proud, the
selfish and the self-sufficient are ever snuffing i-eti-lence
and battle, and bleep in armor with the worm
Th above remarks have been called forth by the
death of one who had long filled a prominent .opt
in this land, who had identified himself with the
progress of this people under every aspect that
earns within the comprehensive grasp of his active
mind. Richard Armstrong, D. D., President of
the Board of Education, Member of His Majesty's
Privy Council of State and of the House of No
bles, expired at his residence in Honolulu on Sun
day morning, the 23d inst., from injuries received
by the fall from a horse some three weeks r.reu53.
. The funeral was attended on Monday after
noon by a large number of friends of the deceased
from his residence to the Stone Church, which was
filled to its utmost capacity. After a prayer in
English by Rev. S. C. Damon, Rev. E. Corwin
made a short address in English and was followed
by Rev. Mr. Clark, who made some remarks in Ha
waiian, and the exercises closed with a hymn sung
by the native choir. The corpse was interred in
the grave yard adjoiuing the church.
We can give our readers no better obituary no
tice of Mr. Armstrong than what has already been
published in the Hat Hawaii by one who knew him
well and had the best of authority for saying what
he did. We suljuirt a translation and would mere
ly add that Mr. Armstrong leaves a widow and
eight children, three 6ons and five daughters. t
find in the sympathy of kicd hearts and among
themselves that love which his presence can no
(Translated from the Ilae Hawaii of Sept. St'.
The Eev. Dr. Richard Armstrong, President of the
Board of Education, Member of the Privy Council and
of the House of Nobles, one who h id devoted the ener
gies of his life to the benefit of the H iw&iian nation,
one whose kind benevolence extended to all acquainted
with him is no more !
Dr. Armstrong was born in the township of MrEtr
ansville, Northumberland Co., Pa., in the United States
of America, April 13th, 1805. He was one of the
youngest of a family of eight children. His earlier
years were spent upon a farm. His forefathers were
farmers in the middling class of life. He graduated
at Dickinson College, Carlyle. Pa., and completed his
studies at the Theological Seminary at Princeton, N.
J. As be approached to manhood he became a survey
or and school teacher.
He was married to his surviving wife on the 2oth of
September, 1331, wanting two days to complete the
twenty-eighth year of their married life. To the sur
viving widow is also due the sympathy of this whole
nation. Love to the one vho weept.
In the month of May, 1S32, he arrived at these is
lands, and, after a year's residence at Honolulu, he
nailed in Company with Messrs. Alexander and Parker
a missionary to Nukuhiva, one of the Marquesas Is
lands. After a residence thereof eight months, and
fiaJing it an impracticable field of labor, tbey returned
hither. After his return, Mr. Armstrong was st it ion -ed
at Haiku, on East MauL After a residence of one
year at that place, he removed to Wailuku in the year
1835. For live years he preached the gospel at the
latter place. And because of his great attachment to
the people of Wailuku, it was bis desire to have spent
his days with them as their teacher; but in July, 1840,
he was removed to Honolulu to take charge of the Sta
tion vacated by the return to the United states of Mr.
Bingham. There he preached the gospel in the church
at Kawaiahao until the Cth of December, 1847, when
he waa appointed to fill the place vacated by the deith
of Mr. Ktcharda aa Minuter of instruction. v nen
this office was abolished and a Board of .Education in
stituted, Mr. Armstrong was appointed President of
the Board, in the discharge or the duties or which of
fice he continued unto the day he met the accident which
terminated in his death. He was one of the old teach
er whom the chiefs were formerly wont to consult.
For this reason he was chosen as the successor to Mr,
Richards. In their intercourse with him, the chiefs
well knew him to be a man of integrity when be gave
his advice on the subjects for which his advice was ask
ed. - For this reason the King and all his chiefs had
great confidence in him, and it cannot be said that that
confidence was misplaced. If any act of his was thought
to be wrong, or was condemned, no one could say that
any wrong act was undertaken in obedience to evil ad
vice from him. In the discharge of all his public du
ties as an officer of government, he ever received the
approbation of all who employed him. There was no
shirking in his intercourse with his associates in coun
cil ; he ever spoke truly and to the point ; they are
unanimous in their testimony to bis uniform kindness
of feelings and regard for. the opinions of others asso
ciated with him.
At the time the Board of Education was constituted,
the entire confidence and trust of the King was reposed
in him, that he would fulfill faithfully the duties of that
office. Many years did t be preside at the head of that
department to the entire satisfaction of ihe hte King,
and also of his present M jesty, Kamehameha IV, who
appointed him to a seat in the House of Nobles and to a
membership in the Privy Council.
One excellence in the character cf Dr. Armstrong
was, that be was energetie in regulating the affairs of
his own department, and ready to assist in forwarding
every work pertaining to that and other departments
of the Government. It was his pleasure to work, if by
that means he could promote the welfare or diminish
the wants cf others. His natural temperament was ac
tivity, a perseverance in seeking what would accrue to
the profit and the comfort of the many. He was the
mover of enterprise, and multitudes were encouraged
by his exhortations to undertake agricultural and other
His readiness to assist the labors of those enfeebled
by sickness, or absent, is well known, as was often the
case of his fellow laborers in the gospel. The distance
of the place of preaching waa reckoned as nothing, if
he could only reach it in time. It was in one of these
excursions to help another that he received the wound
which caused his death.
It is not possible for want of time to prolong these
remarks of admiration for the deceased, but it is plain
to every reader of this p.i?e that great is the loss sus
tain! d by his own family, and the burden of sorrow
fallen upon th? King und the nation, by the death of
this re.idy and benevolent working man. It is right
that the whole land mourn along with the disconsolate
widow and children, for hi the time of our prosperity
hf rejoiced with those who rejoiced, and in the time of
adversity, he was in heaviness with those who wete
fcf The Boston Journal, speaking of late school
examinations in that city, says:
But those who visited several schools could not fiil
to be impressed with the urgent need of more attention
to one branch of education the neglect of which we
have before alluded to in our columns, and pressed up
on the attention of parents and the school committe.
and that is, physical tdncution. Many of the scholars
who graduate to-day boys as well as girls show that
they have been sadly neglected in this respect, and their
appearance gives good ground for fears that in their
efforts to excel in their studies they have weakened
their phyMcal frames to an extent which it will take
mouths, if not years, to recover from.'
The physical education of the young is a subject
which we have frequently rofprrfd to in connection
with the general education in this country. We
have shown that it is not the fitful and excessive
romping at irregular intervals, but the daily, sys
tematic and well directed exercises of the gymna
sium that develop the muscles, expand the chests,
form the limbs and impart that vigor and elasticity
to the young men and wo'npn of a country, which
enable them in after life to bear up against changes,
privations and hardships, and which predispose
them to be joyful and srateful to their Maker,
charitable and sympathizing with their fellow men,
and energetic in all the walks of life. We have
advocated the introduction of gymnastic exercises
as an indispensable complement to every public
school in the land ; the cost of the first fitting up
being very small in itself and too insignificant when
compared with the beneficial results to flow from it.
As a society, a nation and a government we have
expended immense amounts of money and time,
considering our means, and aro still doing it, to
teach the young how to read and to write, how to
pray and to sing, but not a penny nor a thought
have we expended on their physical education, the
prolongation of life and the enjoyment of health
w hile it lasts.
We hope that no one will gainsay that the first
duty of a Christian statesman is tlio preservation
of the health of the people, or the ery office of
the Christian teacher would soon be a sinecure.
All other considerations must cede to this; but
this duty commences with the cradle or the school,
and is not limited to quarantine regulations and
the institution of hospitals. The public mind
has. been much exercised upon the educational
wants of the Hawaiian youth, during this year;
but, with the exception of our own remonstrance,
no thought has been bestowed upon the want of a
physical education, no provision made to supply it.
We again revert to this subject in behalf of the
truest and nearest interest of this people, and we
insist that it be attended to at once and thor
oughly. Let us not be answered as we were
answered in the matter of the introduction of
the English language, the separation of the
sexes, the denominational system of teaching,
that they were not practicable on account of the
sparsity of the people and the poverty of the gov
ernment. The physical education has nothing to
do with the language spoken, is applicable to and
in fact imperatively needed by both sexes, it car
ries no theological crotchets on its parallel bars,
no glimpses of the bottomless pit from the rounds
of its ladder, no fear of the devil while armed with
the dunibells, and by giving stamina to the young,
and self-reliance, it will assuredly tend to counter
act the sparsity and diminish the poverty.
To th'se of our readers who either do not take
the foreign journals, or have not the time to analyze
their too often contradictory statements, we promised
a condensed account of the Italian embrogllo which now
seems to divide the attention, of the world with the
Presidential campaign in the United States.
Eighteen hundred and forty-eight was a year of no
ordinary importance in the annals of mankind. It was
the year of the gold discovery in California, which had
so marked a bearing on the development and fortunes
of this c untry. But something more than gold was
discovered in that self-same year.
In France it was discovered that the government of
the Juste Milieu had worked itself out to the very end
of its tether, and that the " Citizen King' was as venal
as an alderman and as stubborn as a priest.
Germany had discovered that a corporation of inde
pendent states without a practical federal Government,
was only a source of weakness. She tried the remedy,
but failed in its application through personal jealousies
of the would-be chiefs, and the inexperience of the
Hungary discovered that the great-great-grandson of
regis nostri Maria Theresa was but a Hapsburgh after
alL And it made many other valuable discoveries
Italy also had her discoveries the seedlings, of which
the present is the fruit. She discovered, and, for the
first time for many centuries asserted, that Italy be
longed to the Italians ; that the presence of the Aus-
trians could be dispensed with ; that constitutional gov
ernment and civil rights were incompatible with Croat
police in the North, with Bourbon rule in the South.
Throughout Europe, in fact, there was a terrible
rattling of the dry bones of despotism, and Kings and
Kaisers went on their travels, or saved their heads by
insincere concessions to the popular demands.
The fortunes which followed this re-awakening in
Europe, and in Italy specially, are no doubt familiar
to our readers. Tbey know that, after a short and
stormy, inglorious and fraticidal republic, France re
turned to imperialism with its reserved right of rerolu
tion, in order to escape socialism and a repetition of the
political experiments of '89-94 ; that the German
Bund, with its eight and thirty crowns, waa too top
heavy an institution to wear well, and thus fell through
under its own weight ; that Russia settled the Hunga
rian affairs, and Radttky transmitted Italy after1 the
battle of Novarra and the capitulation of Venice. In
short, that the liberal, constitutional aspirations of all
those States were successfully repressed.
But the idea of an Italian unity did not die with
Charles Albert of Sardinia. Within hU little kingdom
was deposited the nest-egg of Italian freedom, and to
bis son he bequeathed his undying hatred of the Aus
trian. We know how faithfully the Italian cause has
been served by Victor Emmanuel and the great men
whom great occasions invariably call forth. How with
the aid of France Novarra was avenged on many a
field, and the idea of an Italian unity received both form
and application by the incorporation with Sardinia of
Lombardy, the Duchies and the Romagua. Eucourag
ed by this success and the promise of non-intervention
by the principal powers of Europe, Sardinian statesmen
and Italian patriots are working together for the re
habilitation of Italy as a political unit in the family of
Hence the expedition of Garibaldi.
Sicily was in open revolt against that Hapsburg cross
with the Bourbon which had ruled the kingdom of the
Two Sicilies with iufamous celebrity ; and with Gari
baldi at their head the North of Italy sent men and
money to secure the emancipation of Sicily and the
downfall of the Bourbon.
Garibaldi succeeded and Sicily was evacuated ut last
accounts by the Neipolitan troops. So far there was
plan sailing, and the Neapolitan's prot-sts at the Euro
pean courts only produced the stereotyped reply of
'Garibaldi's idea is undoubtedly, in f ict avowedly, to
invade and revolutionize Naples as well as Sicily, Rome
as well as Naples, and annex them to the Sardinian
crown, and then with Italy, so far united, finish the
battle of Solferino by pitching the Austrians out of the
quadrilateral and out of Venetia.
In Naples the situation is desperate. Francois II.,
Bombalino the son of Bomba, in his greatest need has
given his subjects a Constitution and sworn to main
tain it. But the sanctity of an oath seems to form no
part cf a Bourbon's education, and if Francois weathers
the storm, he will assuredly repeat the farces of 1812
The King of Naples has sent his ambassadors to Lon
don, Paris and Turin. At the two first places they
havt received but cold comfort. England and France
would advise the Court of Turin to advise Garibaldi
not to trouble the continental possessions of Francois II.,
but, when asked to oppose his invasion, their standing
reply was " non-intervention." Naples has offered
Sardinia the possession of Sicily if she would only recall
these terrible dogs of war, Garibaldi and his Carcialori
dtlli Alpi. Victor Emmanuel has promised to give the
subject all due consideration, which means that he will
take his time and let matters take their course. So
Naples is in a bad way, fir Garibaldi will not stop
because his mission was not an Italian union but an
From the always accurate and well informed corres
pondent of the Courier ties Ktats Unit (Mr. GaillarJet)
we quote the following, bearing directly on this mat
" This last declaration (the non-intervention or France and
F.ngland in behalf of Saples) leaves Garibaldi free to act as lie
shall think best. Will he submit himself to the King of Pied
mont? That is doubtful, because he is surrounded with men
who are resolute and fully possessed with their own ideas. Mr.
Pepretis, the Envoy of Victor Euiniauuel, had arrived at Paler
mo, but whatever may be his influence over (iarihaldi, he is not
likely to stop him midway on his mis-ion. The Immense sacrifi
ces which the Court of Naples have incurred prove that when Ga
ribaldi shall present himself before that city, he will easily enter
it. The populace, the navy and the army appear deeply affected
by the contagion spread over the land by his name, and the fever
of Italian unity. And Garibaldi will not abstain from so eay a
prey. It is not for Sicily that he has fought ; it is for Italy.
After Palermo and Messina he mast have Naples, as after Naples
he mnst have Rome and Venice.
When the time shalt have arrived, the possessions of the
Holy See, with the exception of Rome, will be abandoned to their
destiny by the Cabinet of the Tuileries. t
' Garibaldi and Italy, even after It shall have been united un
der the scepter of Victor Emmanuel, will have still more difficulty
to liberate Venetia than Palermo, Naples and Rome, if it Is trne,
as the Opinion Rationale writes, that the interview at Toplitx
between the Emperor of Austria and the Regent of Prussia had
for object the conclusion of a treaty of external alliance, where
by, in case Austria should be attacked in Italy, Prussia engaged
herself to a military occupation of all the portions of the Empire
making part of the Germanic Confederation, in Order to allow
Francis Joseph to bring all his resources to bear upon Italy. The
Berlin journals admit the probability of this alliance, which is of
as grave Importance to France as to Italy."
HF When we read of past events in New Zealand,
its occupation and colonization under British rule, its
anomalous position between the settlers and the natives,
the constant grasping after more land on one hand, the
repeated evasions and finally armed refusal to alienate
another acre on the other hand, and at last the present
war of races now raging in several portions of the
islands and spreading through all when we read of
this we can not be thankful enough to that overruling
Providence which made the occupation of these islands,
in 1843, pass by like a cloud, and, by restoring them
to their natural owners, enabled them in peace and tran
quillity to develop their independent nationality and
their civilization from within, undisturbed by the igno
rance or the crotchets of a colonial office or the fluctua
tions of Hawaiian stock in the London money market.
It may be that that national assertion, that creeping
civilization have not in every instance assumed the most
proper form or the most direct road to the end in view ;
but with all its shortcomings and aU its demerits and
thy are more accidental than inherent we can now
see the immeasurable advantage of a political independ
ence, in the preservation of race, in the spread of know
ledge, the promotion of a peaceful temper, checking the
hauteur of the foreigner and encouraging the self-reliance
of the native. We can thank God with full hearts
that, during eighty years of constant and increasing
contact with the foreigner. He has preserved this peo
ple from a war of races, with its attending murders
and rapine, extermination or esclavage ; that He has
placed at the head of this people men competent and
willing to receive and communicate the light of know
edge, moderation and wisdom ; to assimilata with and
absorb among themselves those feelings of love, peace,
charity, which are the Godlike type of the spirit of man,
whatever his race may be. When, then, we read of the
contests now waging in New Zealand, we are most
practically impressed with the truth of the maxim that
two wrongs never make one right." Let our readeis
peruse the sketch of the History of New Zealand,"
which we print on our first page, and then the follow
ing extracts from the Turanuki (N. Z.) Herald" of
19ih of May, relative to that famous treaty of Waitangi.
The writer says :
Its objects were to give form of right to the Rritiwh occupa
tion of the islands in the eyes of oiber nations which look
ed wistfully on the land ; and to protect the native and the
prospective colony from the supposed dangers of land shark
ing. The New Zealand nation was at that lime a pore fiction.
The native mibserihers were unauthorized, and understood
little of the gist of the treaty, and though we would quote it
in favor of the Maori, it seems to as needless and even on
wurl to do a against liiiu. The relation of the British Gov
ernment and Uie Maori im not that of contracting parties, but
itf guardian and ward. The treaty may be needed by Govern
ment as a technical justification of its action. la a land of
Government anomalies we hardly care to introduce Ihe new
tine of a Govornment alleging the real merits of the rase in
justification nf lie ronrse. Rut if we make no objection to
ihe technical ground, it is only because there is a real one in
tbe absolute and evident necessity that the Queen's authority
shall he established eveu il no such so called treaty eaisted
There is indeed a further meaning in the treatv important
to reme-nber now, an the first of a aeries of pled see to the
colonists In on the Imperial ftovernuient that Sew Zealand in
nndertne nnnsn ,nwn, suu .Ha.
found here. ' . ..
The Maori raee has never been de facto subjects, and
for thoe now in arm against ibe Governor are not rebels.
Tbey have been persuaded to live, on the wlK'le, peaceably
boaide us for some years, to resort to our markets and courts
of juxtice when il suited them, to adopt some of our ways,
ell us a little of the land, and comply, when they chose, with
the wishes of our Government
We have done much for the Maori. Our presence has sav
ed him from intestine feud and from the presence ot le
scrupulous nations. Well may British statesmen rberisb with
jealous fear the honor w hich their own care and the orderly
forbearance of Ihe colonists ha won for Ihe nation whilst our
(.Hitinj ha been confirming here. All that bas been done,
however, has been done unsolicited by the Maori and without
reciprocal concession 'n his part. Practically from Ihe first
British rule has been repudiated. We may then call hi in
blind, mad. ungrateful, but his resistance is only technically
rebellion it is the struggle of despair in a (ace as et unsub
dued. The desire of Ihe Maori for national life is entitled to our
svmpathy. u Faith, love and law," Ihe motto of his "King,"
aire, of course, far enough fro.n being Ibe rule of the life of
any number of the race lew among the in ratrb the ideas,
fewer still comprehend or act on them. But ihe movement
is notwithstanding respectable, because it i natural and na
tional. We have given some provocation, perhaps unavoida
bly. He is quick, proud and sensitive, and feels Ihe superior
ity iu most ways of his white neighbor. We give him abund
ant reasons to know that the white man feels it too. Ilespi
lality was his virtue, and his hoxpi.ality to the white man has
not been returned. The filthy habits of the savace close our
door against him ; though we have not found those habits so
intolerable when it ha been convenient to enter his doors.
He perhaps underslsnd Ihe reasons of this, bill it is .toiibtlul
if they are all honorable t us, and at all events the fact are
galling enough. He knows, too, that his rare is dying out;
he sees our overspreading the land; and he clutches as a
drowning man at straws. Something like our organization
may help him, hut he does not care to save hi rare by merg
ing it in our. He derliues our offered help, and will be his
own helper, and, if need be, expel or at least check the ad
vance ol the race whose presence is a standing indignity
who claims to rule and bids fair to swamp him. Whatever
private ambitions may be mixed in it, r even have originated
it. this is the natural history of the spread of the " King move,
menl." It is far from having absorbed the whole people.
Sinn are content to accept the British (.orerniiienl iu the dis
tinct n, lief that il is bet for their race. Probably the ni.ijt.rity
of the whole are indifferent in temper, thoughtless, or else
sceptical of good on either side; but, though indifferent, tbey
would fall in with their own race in a struggle.
In this sketch of the position of the races, the thoughtful
reader, eveu though a stranger, must see Ihe seeds o'ioevita
hle discord. After years of anxious striving by governors,
missionaries, cabinets, and Ihe indescribable native office, we
have arrived at an issue which Ihe Imperial Go-ernment
thinks fit to take up. The value ol the land out of winch the
issue arises is small ; the numbers of the mat contents are
not large, as yet. But all the difficulties of the position are
exemplified in the dispute, and this is felt on both sides. We
have disclaimed for our fellow colonists the charge of low
greediness l.iid at their door : thry teek the land a a eondi.
tioa of ),rgrtn utul Eritiah rule, ami they are rioht. The
Maori withholds il as a barrier which, once surrendered, the
Hoods will nverwhal'ii his rare, and he too in a sense is right.
We need impute no base motive on either side. Teira's block
is a type of the waste lands of the .Maori. Teira and his co
partners represent the section of Ihe Maori race w ho welcome
Ihe e iliinist and Ihe Uovernment Wiremu King! stands tor
the prouder and less sagicious partv among ihe natives most
hostile U. the U'leen's authority. His claim is to the tiiana,"
the chieftain's veto the .itverrignly To allow his preten
sion is t sanction the authority Poialu.
We shudder to think what would have become of this
the Hawaiian people if the Occupation of 1843 or
the annexation schemes of l83-4 had been adhered to
or accomplished. Wh it with immigration companies,
colonial regulations and Indian reservations and the
recent results in New Zealand, we would have had am
ple data to demonstrate the iniquity of the one scheme
as well as of the other. They may have been seriously
considered and in good faith defended, as expedients for
drawing this country out of existing but passing diffi
culties ; but the most charitable construction w ill suffer
considerable violence when it is remembered that many
of those who denounced the first embraced the second
with open arms, or worked underhand to promote its
Let the retrospect, then, of the dangers which we
have escaped inspire us with sympathy for the combat
ants in New Zealand, whether foreigners or Maoris, for
we believe them both to be the victims of a system,
rather than of any inherent, ineradicable antagonism,
seeing that this country under happier auspices and a
different system has amply shown that with a good will
and a uatbnal government all men may safely dwell
together in peace and unity.
. i I at... -T m ..A I a Mr im 111 be
It is with pleasure that we enter upon a dramatic re
view of this week's representations at the Royal Ha
waiian Theatre. Since the time when the Wallers drew
full houses and appreciative ones at the old Varie
ties," Honolulu has not had a theatrical company so
competent, so well ported, so harmonious as. the present
company under the management of Mr. C. W. Forbes.
The company opened their engagement on Wednes
day last with Sheridan Knowles' great play of the
Hunchbac's. ;" Mrs. Forbe3 as Jtlia, Mr. Forbes as
Maxlef Walter and Mr. Ferguson ns Sir Ttomus Clif
ford. There was, there could be but one opinion rf
the style and manner in which this play was rendered.
The feeling and expnssion, with which Mrs. Forbes
g-ive back the varied emotions of feminine pride and
constant love, fully justified the high encomiums lavish
ed upon her in other climes. Mr. Forbes and Mr.
Ferguson acted in that highly artistic and well tred
manner that never degenerates to a rant, nor falls short
of the natural, unconstrained exhibition of the passions
whose working they so perfectly delineated. As a come
dienne of no ordinary versatility and humor. Miss Liz
lie Gordon performed the part of Helen ; and we can
not speak too highly of the sceDic arrangements, punc
tuality and freedom from blunders and mal-apropos
which distinguished the management, not to speak of
the superb and Appropriate dresses, all of which pro
duced a tout ensemble never surpassed nnd seldom equal
ed on the Hawaiian stage. In a word, when we remark
the unflagging, well sustained atteution of the audience
to a five act play through the late hours and close air of
a tropical night, no better testimonial to the merits of
the players need to be offered. The dancing by Miss
Gordon and by Miss Ada de Vere was spirited, grace
ful and well performed.
The Company played the " Honeymoon " on Thurs
day and the " Stranger on Friday, and to-night the
comedy of the "Soldier's Daughter" will be performed.
The attendance at the Theatre has not been so large
as might have reasonably been expected from the ad
vent of a company so well qualified to amuse as well as
to instruct ; but it should be borne in mind that the dull
season is not yet closed ; besides, and we suggest it to
the management, that probably the high price of the
Dress Circle has, in these economical times, more to do
with vacant scats than a stranger may be aware of.
Tax Payers Awake!
Our worthy friend Joseph O. Carter, Esq., having
been appointed Tax Collector for the district of Hono
lulu, has taken the rooms at the foot of Nuuanu street,
on the North side, formerly known as Everett's auction
room, where he will be happy to receive the tax payers
of Honolulu, and still more happy to receive their taxes.
We have no doubt that the good natured disposition
and business tact of Mr. Carter will render this, the
most unpleasant of Government offices, not only cred
itable to himself, but al as little obnoxious to the tax
payer as the nature of the case and the relation of the
parties will admit of. Should any one doubt our word,
he would do well to go and see for himself.
AciHeal te the K I !..
From Lahaina we leant that the steamer KiLiuea J
grounded on the reef at that port on the morning of
Wednesday last, where she lay some three hours, and
sustained some damage, but proceeded on her voyage
Foreixn Jnrers A lie-as! I
The Foreign Jury, summoned to attend the next
quarterly se-sion of the Supreme Court on Monday,
October I, will not be wanted until Thursday, October
4, at 9 o'clock, A. M.
Rensly fsr Ses.
The ship Julian, Winegar, has completed her re
pain, and will clear fur tea to-day.
We understand that an association, npon the princi
ple and under the regulations of the German Turn
vereins, is attempting to establish itself in this city
for the physical education of iu members. From Mr.
Vce'ker, to whose energy, application and knowledge
in these matters the Society owes its existence, we
learn that the buildiDg known as the Bungalow, at the
corner of Richards and Merchant Streets,. has been
fitted with all necessary and proper gymnastic appara
tus ; that Monday and Thursday evenings are set
apart for the exercise of the members of the Vereim,
adult persons ; that Tuesday evenings will be given to
instruction of children ; Wednesday evenings are de
voted to fencing lesson3 ; and Fridays and Saturdays
to general practice. The entrance fee for adult per
sons to the society is $2 50, with a subsequent monthly
due of one dollar, and the pay for children Is one dollar
per month each.
We have, in another part of to-day's paper, called
the attention of the public to the subject of physical
education, and until we see that the public goes in for
it with a will, and with a proper appreciation of its
ultimate benefits in producing a healthy body, a sound
mind, a Rood temper and mental and physical self
reliance, we shall not cease to jog its elbows and point
out to it the disease, the deformity, the ruined consti
tutions, the premature deaths which flow from the
neglect of a physical education. And we shall draw
in our strongest colors, the responsibilities of parents
and guardians, when, with tearful eyes and sobbing
voices, they bemoan the loss of some young departed.
In vain shall they seek consolation in the reflection
that " the Ixrd gave and the Lord took away," for we
will whisper like conscience in their ears, the Lord
gave," but your own neglect and indulgence took their
young lives away.
We hope then that the Turn-verein and the princi
ple of which it is the exponent, will meet with that
hearty and prompt reception from the community and
the authorities, which will obviate any unpleasant re
marks when next we speak of the subject. We know
several gentlemen who, like us. stand on the shady side
of life, and who, like ns, have experienced in their own
persons and in those of their children, the full benefits
of a physic d education. We turn, therefore, with confi
dence to them that they will assist ns in spreading a cor
rect knowledge of a parent's duties to his children; for,
until physical education shall have been incorporated
with the general education of the land, its progress by
private means, like the present, will mainly depend
upon the favorable opinion of the public.
The Tax Assessors of Honolulu have finished their
labors and returned their lists, and the Collector is now
at work . In most all of the districts of the islands has
the work of assessing been finished, but the full accounts
have not yet been all returned. We le irn however that
generally speaking the assessment is less this year than
the last. In so far as that diminution arises from real
estate, it is in no small measure owing to the deprecia
tion in houses and land which would necessarily follow
a collapse in trade, and is in itself a reaction from the
speculative f incies of former years to the sober reality
of the present. Many buildings in Honolulu which
f rraerly rented at ten, twelve, fifteen or more hundred
dollars, cannot now find a lessee for half the money.
The diminution of personal property in Honolulu is
great compared with last year, but is explained by the
fact that most stocks on hand of goods were greatly less
this summer than the previous one and that the fall
season ships with their cargoes had not yet arrived.
The diminution in horses and d gs continues unabated
and unaccountable, nor is the law sufficiently effective
to enable the Assessors to arrive at the truth where
there is any disposition to conceal it.
We have prepared the following table for the years
SUMMARY OF ASSESSORS LISTS FOR HOXOLCLl.
K' il Ktr. rriiil Pr.rtv. rrtp.. rtr. Poll. Hor. MuU-s. IVe.
l-M l 41I..IS II. " 41 IM sj4....asi...ise...l.si
isr... i h.i::. 2.so..s. a.i....a.2i. ..!... i.jst
I'm rtl. s-hr. Tat R''t Ts. Honolulu re!!.
i-.7i s; r
.j it.hi s s.:w .
Mr. Samuel C. Armstrong, who for several months
has acted as Clerk to the Board of Education and Ed
itor of the J(ie Hawaii, leaves by the Frmtcea Palmer
on Tuesday next for the United States. To his energy
and exertion, to his own ability and readiness to make
that of others available, is pre-eminently due the im
mense increase within so short a period of the above
journal. We may not at a moment like this intrude
the common place greetings of every day, but he will
understand and, we doubt not, appreciate the aloha im
with which we bid him farewell.
The Ma ili.
The Frances Palmer, Capt. Paty, leaves on Tuesday
for San Francisco, with the regular mails for America
and Europe. The clipper ship Iconium is expected from
San Francisco about the 10th or 12th of Oct. with the
Eastern mails of Aug. 20th and may be Sept. 1.
LATEST FOIIK1GX DATES.
llonrkon" Julj 24 rmiua
l.ivertKMl. (per P. E.) Aug 1.1 San Krsncise.s Sept. S t o. o,, mt wrt Clarence, clean; do. do., hg Wailua,
Msn la ."t Uuis, VP. E.) Am ? ' '
tfvdnev, X W June SI Tahiti Aug SI 1 l .
Jan,! .July '23 Valparaiso. , i fiwuii. I Arrived, sh Pnlor Star, Weeks. Arc
New Vork.freg. mailt.. Aug II Victoria, V 1 Aug k i tie lVen. II. neJ.i!.:. ' V IVh. via X Zealand and Vnrti Wand
' Ar4 lK 4T rrem ni 140 do wh oil, to I. B Tucker
COM M E 1 1 C T A L . ; 3;" M ' 4 B-Phaip How,aD "
- . . j vb rt Vare Wn.ler. N B. Srlvanos Cleaveland, fr Pac8c
Business continues to be very dull during tbe past sreek awe ' Orwe.ab.. f jxv-i. i.' tons, which returned from
have been no foreign arrivals, except brig en tbe s '.SS
from a trading voyage in the Arctic. SJ-.e brings n lass Tfwrt m i t.,-s ww merchant basilars.
from the whaline fleet. - ,Sl P"wt- " UlD whic,, f"
from the wnanng n.ri. w .-w rt :. a. pwrebaeed by tbe same par-
The brig Ricle, sailed on the 25th Inst, for ll.wicA-ar.g. V ,a . :t4 W tb iarchan service.
no cargo from this port. ... -? i-vus. whscb aiived or. ihe Brst of June
The bark fraavIW-w.il f" ' JaT. -ttSZXJJtttJZ
the Sd pro.., with but part of a carps. TVees t 'S UwAeaiK ITikSMiUi. &i tons, which has been lying
.. r r" -ri v.ber alia. IS5f. an been pur-
fretght offering at rrew.iL .a , M w. K w .. f thl, city, and wdl be continued
During the past week there has rr 1M V 1 tt tv , ..f Nttnt 0 ttus p-rt.
H AWAII X Ft.or -HU
CALI FORM ri.CVR-Vt V-i. ki4 at Vtf-.ac-cording
Ll'MBKK - Market Is ewrtvV4 i-4 s4 sett
ling ).tbi.g at lK
rt!0 tU-- rvv' fr
net ai4 rM rvA ert -
u . . . .
ar nVtug l-U l u4 i WO "
KKL m-Wt a-a-w - .
Premises, AUke strl, ft l.7V- cS, a!;
oilAbout looc asllous wb!o vJ vf a w
OH About lis-"- g.nous
iXicia, changed hand 3ao.
BOXK -We note sale ol abuul lJ.AW IN, whalebone,
ate. en P. U, supposed to be at a Soul 7Ue, In bond.
IVORT-Ev. JjtiU, about lit,) lbs, ha been solj in bond-
nrice not transpired.
" ... . i wni.
EXC1I ANG K-Is very quiet, there being no demand for bills.
Those who have money to remit are holding off, waning me ar-
rival of the Beet, when It is confidently expected that Whalers'
drafts can be proeurea ai a mwwui.
Small bills on San Francisco are held at par ffl t c prem.
p.':. ... j. n em York ul 60 days sight, beld at par
Fvchange on Fjigland has been sold at 49d for the dollar.
We hear of sale of Lahaina Consular bills at i a 24 ye due.
At his residence, in this city, at T o'clock on Sabbath morn
ing, Sept. 23. the Rev. Ra-kUaO AaaTaona. D. D, President or
the Board of Kducatlon of this Kingdom, aged 55 year.
rail Season of 1860, at the Hawaii
PsinaiD roa raa Poltskshs, Sut. js, jsrj
Abe Rirter. Slocum, 4iV) tons, X B. Aug S;
SI. I r ,.
87 for Kodiak; 2ot) sp, 1 10 h, 30uO b on r-rd. Are .. i
- ' lit .
na Aug 2!) fra Kodiak; 300 wh, 2500 b the season
Julian, Winegar, 356 tons, X B, Sept '5s. Sid Mar 2i fo. . '
ak and Artie, via Kuloa, clean. Arr Hon Kept 1 ft, A
Bay; t whale the season. Mainmast and Oowint i? -sprung.
Jrlfrrtton, sh, Huntttng, VXt tons, S II, Pept, 57. Arr n a
IS fin Kodiak, 250 wh 20ud 6 season. Sid flu Honour ,
fr N Zealand and home.
REPORTED ,AXD KPOKEV.
Ameru a, Bryant, 413 toru, X B, Oct '57. Sid ftn H&a Fek ?
rent in Juan. Arctic, 1 am wh. "
A nib, (irinnell, 33b' tons, t II, Nov "57. Sid fm Hon Dec I
ken June 27 in the Arctic, clean.
Bntganxa, Turner, 470 ton, X B, Xov '5. Sid foj HM ,
SO; reptd in July, Arctic, I wh.
CoHnOiian, Lewis, 40 1 tons, X U OrVid. Bid fm Lahsin.
1; spoken July 15, on Kodiak, S a ha. 'v
Clean, bk, Simmons, 373 tons, X B Oct M. jrj fm Lji,
Apr 4, 5S-, reptd Aug 1, "60, as having wintered in Mover IU
an I lost many of her crew by the cold anil scurry. ' .
CV'tt.bk, Lowe, 251 tons, Hon. Sid fm Hon Mij 30- n-k
July 17 in the Arctic, clean.
Slectra, Brown. 34t tons, X L Aug 59. Sid fta Hoc Msri
spoken on Krxliak May 10, 60 spon brd.
Emerald, bk. Pierce, 85il Ins, X B, July '57. did fm Hon M-
spoken July 10 on Kodhtk, 7U sp, 1 wh. r
Eliza A'taitv, Thon.as,4o3 tons, X B, Sept 5. Sid ftn k
Apr lit; reptd in July in Arctic. 6 whs. -
Gen. Pike, Fiher, 313 tous, N B, Sept '59. Sid fin Hon n
spoken on Kodiak July '27, 9 whs. ' ' 4
German, bk. Lubbers, 400 tons, t Mdbg Xov "53. SM fta b :
Apr; reptd in June, Arctic, clean. y
George Wuhio1on, Brightman, 874 tons, Wareham, Oct T '
Sid fm K.loa Mar 6; reptd in June, Arctic, clean. ' ''
Good Itetusn, Fish, 37 tns, X B, Oct ' ,S. Sid Fm Lahaina tr, V
spoken Jjly l on Kod, 1 wh. - r
Harmony, bk, Kelly, 31C tons, Hon. Sid Apr 05; pt.kfsj, s
15 on Kod, 70 sp, I wh. Going to Bristol Bay. '
Henry Knelind, Kelly, )4 tous. X B, June '58 Sid fta Kolo.
Apr 27; spoken July 15 in the Arctic, clean.
fatUa. bk. Tucker, 315 tons, X B Aug '59. Sid fta 1Kb v
25; spoken od Kodiak July 4, 3 wh.
Jam Maury, Wing, 395 tons, X B, Sept 59. Kept in mt
in June, 1 wh.
JO Thompto,bk, Crosby, 433 tons, N B, Aug 5S. 8is .
Hon Mar 21; spoken on Kodiak July 15, 2 win. , r
Jirek Sirift, bk. Earl, 454 tons, X B, July "i7. 81d fm H..a Xo,
2S; rrpt in June in the Arctic, I am wh.
Juhn Jfi-rlamt, YVhelden. 377 tons, N B Oct t. Sid fa Baa
Apr l.'n reptd in June in the Arctic, ! wh.
Kohola, br, Corsen, 270 tous, Hon. Sid ftn Hon Xov 19; rrntj f
Aug 2 in the Arctic. ' I
, Xeil, H tns, X B July 5T. Sid fm Hon Mm- 3; m f f
Aug 4, in the Arctic, 2 whs.
Marcia, Billings, 815 tons, X B. AagS7. Sid ftn Kotna Mar'$
reptd in June in the Arctic, bbls.
S(Htrtma, Tinker, 43o tous. X B, Oct '57. Sid fta Hon Jl,,
i-; reptd in June in the Arctic, clean. -M-'minij
Light, Luce, 361 tons, X B, Sept 59. Spoken sa K 4
May 15, clean.
Jfi&fe-mt, Hinds. 360 tons, X B July 57. Sid fm Hon Apr 1.
spoken June 24 in the Arctic, 6 walrus.
.VagiuJia. Pierce, 85 tns, X B July '5. Sid fm Hon Oct 9
spoken Jane 27 in the .Arctic, clean.
AVry, Sarvent, 35b" tons. X B, Ang '59. Sid fm Hon Mar 2;
spoken Jane 24 in the Arctic, clean.
Omega, VVbalon. 305 tons, P II. Sept "57. Sid fm Ron Dee 13-
spoken July 17 in the Arctic, 3 whs.
(kthti, hm bg, Rolfs, IC4 tons, Hon. Sid fm Hon Apr 23; ipokn
Aug 2 in the Arctic, I wh and good trailing.
Ocmnlaee, (1 reene, 458 tns. Eilgart, Nov 57. Sid ftn Kuloa Apr
14; rept June 27 in the Arctic. 2 small whs.
Ocetm, t'lark, 5ti7 tons, N H, Aug It!. Sid fm Hon May 1; jii
on Kodiak July 4, 120 spm. ;
R-puUik. Seyer", & tons, Bremen, Oct "M. Sid ftn Hun llr I
12; soken July 17 in the Arctic, 200 bbls.
Siarott, Swift, :i54 tons. P II. Xov '6. SUI fm Koloa Apr 1 ;
spoken July 17 in the Arctic, dean.
SjjeeJtrell, tlibbs, 49 tons. F II, Sept '57. Sid fin Iloa Su 16;
reptd in June in tte Arctic, clean.
TamerUine. Winslow, 357 tons, X B Oct Sid fin Hon Msy 1;
sxken July 7 ou K.xliak, 4 whs
TetnjteHt, bk. Fish 330 tons. XL May '57 S!d fin Koloa Apr
Ili; spoken July lu on Kodik, 4 whs.
Victoria, br, Daue!sherr, 2"0 tons, Hon. S!d fm Hon Apr;
reptd Aug 2 in the Arctic, clean.
Vineyard, Caswell. 3H tons, fc.Igt. Sept '59. Sid ftn Lahsius
Apr 2; spoken May 15 ou Kodiak. clean.
Waiiua, br, La.s. 2o4 tons. Hon. Sailed Dec 80, '5-i; reptd Ang
2 as hnriug wintered in Plover Bay, and as having lost terer-
al men by sickness and scurrv.
H'm C yye, Soule, 39 tons. X B.Oct '57. Sid fro Hon Xov 12;
reptd in July iu Uie Arctic. 450 wh.
A ST RO X O I I CA L
PHASES OP THE MOOX IX SEPTKMBEX.
dhms I dhms
Last Quarter.. $ 0 35 24 A.M.j First Qnarter. 21 54 12 T.t.
New Moon II 7 37 8 A.M.! Full .Moon 29 3 8 8 PM.
M A R 1 1 E JOUR N A L.
PORT OF HONOLULU.
Sept 22 - Haw sch Liholiho, tiarUner, fm Hilo, with J0 bags po
Iu, 4 hides t cabin and 12 deck passengers.
23 Am stmr Kilauea. Wolteno, with 70 bbis molasses, 15"
kegs sugar, 2 hides, 4- goat skins, 15 cabin and SI
Haw 9ch Keoni Atia, fra ports ou Kauai and Niihaa,
with native produce and '20 passenger.
' 25 Am bg Agate, Lawtnn, 35 days fin Gore's Island, iU
10,000 lbs bone, i0,00 do ivory, 50 bbls oil, I pack
Haw sch Excel, Kuheana. fm ports on Kauai, with H
a cord of firewood. pigs, bullocks S cabin and
24 deck passengers.
Haw sch Maria, Marchant, fm Kona. with 60 bales jro
lu, tA oranges, 3lM) cccoanuta, ) bochs banaus.
5 bullocks, 3 horses, 5 bags fungus, 30 bags corn. 1
do arrowroot 1 cabin and I'M) deck pasaeuirerSL
2S Haw sch Nettie Merrill, Borree, fm UUo.sritb la.S hide.
47 gtat skins, 25 bales pulu, 20 bags ginger root. e
sheep. I bullock, 21 hogs, I U kegs sugar, 14 csbia
and 49 deck passengers.
.!. Kamoi, .Manuokawai and Kaluna, fin Lab.
Sept 3-2 Maw sch Kamoi, Wilbur, fr Lahaina ar.J Kshnlui.
Haw sch Nettie Merrill, Borres, fr Lahaina, kohaiai
Haw sch Odd Fellow, Candage, fr ports en Kauai.
The brig Agate, Capt. Lawtun, arrived here on the 9"Hh,3S
days fm Core's Island. Had light southerly winds daring the
whole pswage. She reports June 1.3th, sh John UowUmd,
Wheiden, one bow bead; June 27th, bk Jireh Swift, Earl, 1 bow
hed, 2 rip aok; Juiy I -J, bk Henry Knectand, clean; 96th, bk
Miarun, Swift, do; do. do. bk Magnolia, clean; 15th, Speedwell,
clean; June 2-th. sh W C Nye, 4 bowheads; July 2"J, Moctesuroa,
Tinker. 8 do; .Wx, do , .ewi, N'eal, i do; 94th, Elian Ada,S do;
2V.I. r ivot.aia. I ; ?vn, ng iciorm, cien, n... u..., " .
y. k:. ef lhi port. 3 tons, has Been porcnasen 7
K..rv T a Ck. sssd is to be continued in the whal
u x Ssw . .
$ tl,fek. f FVwiouth. 4!4 tons, has been purchased by
W f $w:t, v! tV e!.v. aad wttl be cvuUnued ia tbe whaling
btf.- in imt .
ltut jsow. Kv.. Va. pirrf trd aa Interest In and assumed
. . W i nn, of itus port, and site win be eootinacd
ns tfta wfta:t4 S t-ue.
Oii-aiVvat!k f bk iruv ef this port, and eatcbings as last rt-v-kewJ
se. ww ! at auction to T M Stetson, at the rate of
SH a ioru.ug. weeotlv sold at aoeti-MS toOklW Seabury,
hs V rwl I o Wni C N Swift, for $4,500.
8 uiyiort, formerly whaler or fftoniprton, recenuy pnr-
..k.- .1 a JMt Power A Co of Boston, baa been resold tit
tigers, of Oloncester, and wtnb. fltted for tbe Buth
M . r,u thoroughly repaired and fitted for taw merl
chant service. . .t
; Xw Wh.usu Gk.s -Within tn past year the
. mUWr9 hat httu piaHy directed to the waters north of La-
j b,, u.l no lean than twelve vessels have already sailed for
,iat resiou. and others will soon follow, ffhaissi are know tst
; be very anuniiani mere, wnur in hwiw iivvmk. ...
', rronnds attained by way of Behring's Straits, and to reach which
a Sit monllis voyage is neees-varj vj i vjw J
have been so rapidiy diminishing as to render the bwstness hardj
I ly proniaoie at wcat. m wc,., ..j .. ..... ...
I4W jndoee not occupy sr than a wwath
ly profitable at neat, mtnl very irequenuy an w miiwre. n
time. The mere saving 1 Uine is a great advantage.
. - - J
Tww flesesAts f
i sk vw a wu-s . i
yvREPVIlED f ilXV. I Marble Slattat Uutim
I Percha Hose, Ship Ladders, and other new articles, a
"Raduga. . For sale by
C. BRKWRR a CO;
SMOOTH bottom Vliale-Boata, Lapboard sio Lap
treak do, j revive ir Syren." sorsalaby !
3.K C. BREWEK . Co., Market Wbrf