HONOLULU, DECEMBER 13, 1862.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY AT HONOLULU,
Abraham Fornander, .... Editor.
CHAS. B. BISHOP. t. A. ALDBICB.
BISHOP &: CO..
OflceUihe Can c.rarr.r'Makte'a Black,
Kukinim atrr-t, Haaalala.
Draw Billi of Exchange on Messrs. GrinneU,Minturn 1 Co., New
York; Henry A. Peirce, Esq., Boston ; and .Messrs.
Morgan, Sun At. Co., Kan Francisco.
Will receive deposit.
Discount first class business paper,
Attend to collecting, Ac. Ac. Ac. 3-tf
W.A.AIdrich. J. S. Walker. S.C.tllcn.
ALDRICH, WALKER & Co.,
Importers and Commission Merchants Dealers in General
Merchandise, and Agents tor the Sale ot Island Produce.
Agents fortbe Libue, Metcalf, and Princeville Plantations.
JOHN THOMAS WATEEHOUSE,
Importer and Dealer in General Merchan
dise, Honolulu. H. I.
His Ex. R. C. Wyllie, Honolulu.
B. F. Snow, Esq., do
C. A. Williams k Co., do
Chan. Brewer, Esq., do
V iJcox, Richards A: Co.,. ................ .......... do
. ond k Son, do
h s. Spencer, Esq......... .....Hilt).
H. Dickinson, Esq., ........ ................ . .I-ahaina.
B. Pitman, Esq.,. ..............................San Francisco.
McRuer As Merrill.............................. do do
C. W. Brooks ic Co., do do
G. T. Lawton, Esq., ........ do do
Tobin. Bros, k Co., .....-276 ly do do
Field fc Rice, New York.
SBKBMAX PECK, CHAS. H. IX ST, H. a. P. CAKTKB.
Honolulu. Boston. Honolulu.
C. BR E AVER k CO.
Commission and Shipping Merchants.,
Honolulu, Oahu, II. I.
oHS M. Hood, New York.
James Hrnmu, Esq., 1
Cha&i-es Btwi, Eq,., V Boston.
H. A. Piebcb, Esq., )
ft casas. McRcca M tniu, I gan Francillco.
Chas. olcott Faooas,
Mines. Wm. Pistac tc Co., Honfkonp.
Mcssaa. Peels. Hciiiu tc Co.. Manila. 20-tf
MELCIIERS k CO.,
Importers and Commission Merchants
AGENTS FOR THE
Hamburgh-Bremen Fire Insurance Company;
Kaiwike Sugar Plantation;
Tobey Sugar Plantation, WICKE
GCST. C. MELCHERS, j. A. SCHAEKER,
JANION, GREEN & CO.,
Fire Proof Buildings, Queen Street,
HONOLULU. OAHU. S. 1. 52-tf.
B. F. SNOW,
DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
Honolulu, Oahu, II. I.
M. von HOLT, c' TH- HEfCX.
Von HOLT & HEUCK,
General Commission .Merchants,
! ala. Omaa. . I 35-tf
II. IIACKFELD & CO,
General Commission Agents.
..la. Oaks, II. I.
SAM'L. . CASTLE. COOI-
CASTLE & COOKE,
Importers & Wholesale and Retail Dealers
in General Merchandise.
Agrals far Dr. Javae'a Mfdiciaea.
C. BREWER 2d,
General Merchant and Agent for the sale of the products of the
Brewer Plantation. '-lT
IT s. CLEGIIORN,
Dealer in General Merchandise !
Fire-Proof Store corner Kaahumann and Queen Streets, oppo
site Makee's Block. .
Also, Retail establishment on Nuuanu Street, above King.
l- Island Produce bought and Bold. Island orders carefully
A. S. GRIXHAUJI & Co.,
Importers, and Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
FASHIONABLE CLOTHING. HATS. CAPS,
BOOTS and SHOES !
And every variety of Gentlemen's superior Furnishing Goods.
Store In Makee's Block, formerly occupied by W . A. Al
dricb, Esq., fronting on Queen street, Honolulu, Oahu.
DEALER IS W IVES. SPIRITS, ALE & PORTER.
Land Agent to His Majesty.
Once I. lseKI-'.Cre,Berilai Street
WHOLESALE DEALEB IS
WINES and SPIRITS. ALE and PORTER,
41 Xenr the Pt-Ofllee. Haaalala. ftf
SAM'L H. DOWSETT,
Wfll furnish Building Material of every description, at low
VrrZtr, from other Island. solicited. Yard on corner of
Fort and Queen streets.
C. II. LEWERS,
Lumber and Building Materials, Fort at.. Honolulu. 14-tf
n FLITN E U,
CONTINUES hit old business at the ie ore on
ri Kaauumanu street. .
Chronometer. Rated by observation, of the
stars with a transit in-trument accurately adjusted
mtmm lunwitil p, i,...!,. attention
to the meridian oi nonomm. .
given to An. watch repairing. Seita-t
rant (lasses ailvered and adjusted. Charts and
Nautical iastruuienu constantly on hand and for
R. E. WAKEMAN,
Contractor of BuMng and Jobbing.
1ST ALSO-Wheelright, Carriage Making and Repairing.
King street, Honolulu, opposite the City Market
Cabinet Maker and French Polisher,
Htel street, tsile the CTrBiBeBi Ilesit
DEALER IX GENERAL MERCH A.N DISK,
Island Produce, tc, Ac., and. Commission Merchant,
BYRON'S BAY, IIILO, ZZ. I.
Wm keep constantly on hand, an extensive assortment of every
description of goods required by Ships and others.
C7 The highest price paid for Island Produce.
$y Money advanced for Bills of Exchange at reasonable
rates. 41 tf
IN LONBOIM !
For Fire Insurance at Home and Abroad.
CAPITAL, 2,000,000 Sterling.
THE I'Mderaigned having been nppoinlrd
Agents for the above Conipnny. beg leave to inform the
public that they are now prepared to issue
The Mercantile Fire Insurance Company's Policies
Ed. HOFFSCHLAEGER k STAPEN'HORST.
Honolulu, September, 186i. 20 tf
OFFICE, SoutUwul corner of AVaxttliiton and
THE UNDERSIGNED ARE PREPARED TO
issue "Marine Insurance Policies," each being responsible
for the sum written on the Policies against his own name only,
and for himself and not for others or any of them.
George C. JoHSaox,
V illiam K. Bahbom.
James B. IIagoin,
J. Mob a .Moss.
ALDRICH, WALKER t CO., Agents,
Honolulu, H. L
F- S. PRATT 8c Co.,
Importers and Wholesale Dealers in
WINES, SPIRITS, MALT LIQUORS,
TOSACCO and CIGARS,
HONOLULU, 8. I.
REFER BY PERMISSION riO
Messrs. C. A. Williams ft Co., Honolulu.
" Wilcox, Richards Sl Co '
C. llptwKK 2o, Esq., "
A. J. Cartwright, Eisg., "
J. D. Richards k Sjsa, .................Boston, U. S.
H. Webster tc Co., San Francisco.
J. Spalding, Esq. Salem, U. S.
TIIOS. G. THRUM
Slcneil Cutter, Copyist and Onri
mental Foil Lettcrcr.
8 Frt atreel, ppile the Odd Fellows Hall.
GEORGE W. BROWN,
20 JCr OFFICE COURT HOUSE, UP STA1R3.3 tf
BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTURER!
Hotel Street, between Nuuanu and Mauna Kea Sts.
WHOLESALE & RETAIL MERCHANT,
Importer of China and other Goods; dealer in Supars, Molass
es, Coffee, Rice, Funcus, Ac. On King street, next door
to Messrs. Castle ft Cook. 49y
Chas. F. GuiUou, ITC. D.f
late surgeon united states xavt
Laic Caalnr Pfayaieiaa ! American Sennaea.
AND GENERAL PRACTITIONER.
OFFICE cormrr of h'aakumamu and Mmkaut ttretU
Retideuce at Dr. WodU mwus, Hotel ttretU
yy Office hours from 11 A. M. to 2 P. M., at other hours
inquire at his residence.
B. F. EHLERS,
DEALER YS DRY GOODS, SILKS, &c.
FORT STREET, HONOLULU. S0y
Painter, Paper-Hanger, &c.
Opposite Lewis ft Norton's Cooperate, King su 50
ALIEN U BERRIII,
GEORGE V. MACT,
Will continue the General Merchandise and Shippme biihi
ness at the above port, where Ihey are prepared to fur
nish the justly celebrated Kawaihae Potatoes, and such
recruits as are required by Whale hips. at the shortest
notice and on the mwt reasonable terms. 9 If
AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANT,
AND DEALER IS
f" Ships supplied with Recruits and money advanced on Bills
HILO, Hawaii. T
MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY,
THE UNDERSIGNED baring beea nppioled
AeenUfortheaboTe Company, beg leave to inform the
public that they are now prepared to issue
MARINE IXSCR.AXCK POLICIES
On ergo, freight .nd treasure to U l-' c0.
Honolulu, Aug. 21, 1S61. 17-tf
SIIORTIT. fsramsalb or lw. Far wished
House, in or near Honolulu, containing a parlor and dining
room, and not less than three bedrooms. ..
Apply to , W. L GREEN
Honolulu, July 25th, 18C2. 13-tf
TITHEREAS THE UNDERSIGNED HAS BEEN INFORMED on
rood authority that great irregularity exisu in the tamg
andkillinrof the wild cattle on the mountains on Hawaii, be
longing to His Majesty and to the Government, by parties who
cUim oVpretend io claim right under bill, of sale from Hi. Maj
esty or from the Government, and whereas, from the nature of
the country and other causes it is almost impossible to place
Bgenu to guard the interests of Hi. Majesty and of the Govern
ment. and whereas all parties having legal claims on the said
wi'ScatUe have alread had time sufficient, if they have used
lue diligence m rerauTe uc . .... ...
Now therefore, the undersigned hereby gives notice to all par-
,u . ' . ... -i An lit mnnntainl All HsV
tir who purchased wiia cawie ruiiuinB vi.
Interior Office, I ..j t
Jan. 24, 1S6S. I
. T Pf KS()S ha vine rialml ajrsilnt tle Elte
AoV tUterSwMiUer are d.o lodge Uie
..me with the undersigned on or before the 1st of .November
next- WM. WEBSTER,
Attorney In fact for the ec0
October 10th, 1862.
CBAS. WOLCOTT BBOOES, W. FBABK LAOD, EDWaRO r HALL, JB
CHAS. W. BROOKS & Co.,
iT mir. nu i it
t iiiiiii ii i
!l II U II I II I
It ill l 1 1 J 1 1 I
UaJlUil IIIJ11UI1 111 1 U I
123 SAKTSOME St.,
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL,.
ty Particular attention given to the purchase, shipment and
ale of Merchandise, to forwarding and transhipment of goods,
the chartering and sale of vessels, the supply-ing of whaleshlps,
and the negotiation of Exchange.
fO-EXCH ANGE OX HONOLULU in sums to suit.
ADVANCES MADE ON CONSIGNMENTS.
B. F. Sow, Honolulu.
C. Rbewe tc Co., "
Aldbicii, Wai.eeb it Co.......... ........... "
H. H ACEFELD 6c CO.,
T. Sfticts, Him.
James llcsntwiu, lioston
I1ebt A. Peible,
Chu. Bkeweb, ...............................
Thateb, Brigham It. Field,
Fcrros ft Co., Xew York.
Swift k Alles, x. Bedford.
D. C. McRUER, J. C. MERRILL.
McROER & MERRILL
AUCTIOIM MKHRJ3 !
AGENTS OP THE
REGULAR DISPATCH LINE
Particular attention paid to forwarding and transhipment of
merchandise, sale of whalemen's bills, and other exchange, in
surance of merchandise and specie under open policies, supply
ing whaleships, chartering ships, etc.
117 and 119 California. street.
SAN FRANCISCO Cat.
Messrs. D. C. Watbma tc Co., .......Honolulu
l.REWEB ft CO.,... "
CapL B. F. Ssow, .
A. P. Everett, Esq., "
Meosi s. Uilma ft Co.,....- I.nhama.
B. Pita.Ksi Hilo. I28-tf
RICE Sc Co.,
Shipping and Commission Merchants,
SHIP CTTATTDLT.'RTT.S, c&c.f
"lTT'l'LL. ATTEND TO THE -a lr of Merrhnn-
1 T die, as also to the purchase and shipment of all kiuds of
Goods exported from that country. Mr. RICE is the Commer
cial Agent for the United States at that port, and having already
resided there for about five years, is enabled by his acquaintance
with the country, to offer many advantages in the discharge of
any business that may be entrusted to their House.
Wii. T. Colemab It Co., New York,
Juhx II. Aldricb, Esq., - "
I. Horn land, Jr., L. Co., New Bedford.
Charles Sciddkr it Co., Boston.
Aliln ampsos, Esq., -Augusta, Me.
Richabo I). Rice, Esq ,,
McCondrt St Co.,- San Francisco, Cal.
C. W olcott Brooks Sc. Co., " "
D. C. Watermak 6i Co., Honolulu, S I.
Ali.rich, Waleeb ft Co., - "
MESSRS. C. A. FLETCHER & CO.
G E N E R A 17 A G E N T S
BEG TO INFORM OWNERS A SO M ASTERS OF SHIPS
about to visit the port of Hakodadi, that they are prepared
to lake Consignments and do business on the usual terms.
W Bv arrangements with Home Insurance Offices, Messrs.
FLETCHER U CO. can take risks on Oil, or other shipments of
Hakodadi, Vesso, Japan, 4th July, 1539. 18 tf
Ito.ton, r. S. 3 tf
fJ-Referto R.W.Wood and C. Bbeweb2d.
WII. FAULKNER &. SON,
131 SAN SOME ST., SAN FRANCISCO,
4 GENT FOR JAMES CONNER & SONS. IT. S.
Type Foundry.and Dealers In all kind, of Printing Materials.
gj- Printers will find it to their advantage to call on us be
ore purchasing. B 'J
On Sale ;
EX RECSNT ARRIVALS!
THE FOLLOWING CHOICE ASSORTMENT OF GROCER
IES, at the store of the undersigned :
Strawberry do, Ac. fte, 4c.
do black pepper
S. C. Soda
do currant, in tin.
do pie fruits
Tins of water, butter, sugar.
oyster, soda and wine crack
I Best Oolong tea
! 'Crushed sugar
It ax all flour
fte. Ac. Sic.
N.B. Fresh I slit ad Batter aid Ground CtTee
alsray.aa hand. ..,.,
7 tf II. McINTlRE.
The only Depot where Meyers' Batter is sold.
Fresh Molokai Butter!
zry Regularly received and constantly for sale by
h(j J. STEWARD. Grocer, Horel Street.
THE PROPRIETOR OF THE MER
chanf. Exchange Hotel beg. to Inform the Public that he
ba. erected two .uperior
MARBLE BOWLING ALLEYS !
m, W K C A R ROLL, will have charge of the Alley., and all
tho wishing to engage in this health-giving game are invited
i Jhim call, the Proprietor pledging himself that nothing
in.'u be wanting on hi. par, to render hi. Alley, the
agreeable place of resort for recreation and airuacment m Ho-nolulu.
THE UNDERSIGNED, laleadinc ""
this Kingdom for China, has. by power of ttorney, Mr.
Han-yep, of Honolulu, to transact hi busines. during hi. ab-
Maulo, HRo, Hawaii, Oct. 3, 1862. --8n
Tlliliii4iti I ini
y. ;mi Trrrrrtrt
Vi Feet Square.
shooting at .00 yards,
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
Tor Sporting or Military Purposes.
DOI BI.E Waleraroaf Cealral Fire Cap.
Felt Wadding to prevent the leading of Guns, V ire Cart
ridges for killing game, c, at long distances. Breech Loading
Cartridge Cases of superior quality for Shot Guns and Rifles.
Contractor to the War Dspiirttnentfor Small Arm
Jacob's Rifle Shell Tubes, Cartridges and Caps for Colt's, Ad
ams', and other Revolvers.
Knficld's Aniiunnltloii, and Hall Cartridge.
for Whitworth and Henry's Rifles, also for Westley Richard'.,
Terry's, Wilson's, Prince's and other Breech Loaders.
Bullets of uniform weight mtuU by eomprevrio from Soft
EIEY BROS., Gray's-Inn-Road, London, W. C.
12 y WHOLESALE ONLY.
TURNER. MARSH & WWW
(SUCCESSORS TO C. 0. TURNER ft CO. J
IMPORTERS & JOBBERS OF
WINES & LIQUORS !
S. E. CORNER OF
FRONT AND SACRAMENTO STS.,
J. L. TACGAHD 6L Co.,
GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, etc.
NO. 220 FRONT STREET,
Between California and Sacramento,
STEAM BISCUIT BAKERY!
B Im IT. m i
TIIK rXDERSlGXED VOLL.D RESPECT
fully inform his Iriends and the public generally that
the Honolulu Steam Riscuit Bakery being now in full operation,
he is prepared to furnish Pilot and Navy Bread, Water Cracker,
and every description of
FANCY BISCUITS !
All of superior quality and at
PRICES T?DEFY COMPETITION ! !
Partle. furn' vgTtheir own flour for .hip bread will have it
made up at tf- fjwest possible raus.
SHIP BREAD REBAKED!!
Order, from the other island. promptlatte'vHga
XJ Orders in Honolulu for shipping to be left with Messrs.
ilcox, Richards ft Co., Queen St. 1 1-tf
COOPER & GUAGER!
, yv s REMOVlXCi HIS BUSINESS TO f
r ftJtl his new cooperage on the esplanade. Fort I
mptAi Street, takes this opportunity of returning frMaM
his sincere thanks to his friends and the public in general, for
the support aud patronage which they have been pleased to
grant to him for the past ten years, and hopes that by attention
to business and promptness in the execution of all order, intrust
ed to him, to merit a continuance of their favors.
Prices Greatly Reduced
OWlHi TO THE HA IIO TIMES,
the undersigned is prepareu io i
and do all other work id his line at greatly re-
r .ii .nrt ..rr.nt.il tA ffive nerfect satisfaction.
King Street, opposite the Station House.
W. D. also beg.Nt'pecttuIly to return thanks to the public,
who have so Ioiib pVnised him, and hope, for a continuance
-f f.r. kw I tf
W W W a W
begs respectfully to Inform the
public, that, in connection with
his other business, he will here
after carryi the
In all it. various brand.
requests a share of public patronage.
All .nrb iriiirntiet. Prices to suit the times.
15 tf " Wa. DUNCAN.
JAMES J. O'DOXXELI
PRACTICAL HOUSE & SHIP PLUMBER,
HYDRAULIC Rama, Lifting Forre Pnmps, Bath
Tubs, Wash Stands, Water Closets, etc, fitted np in the
best manner. All work done at the very lowest rates, and per
fect satisfaction warranted.
XT Workshop on King street, next door to Mr. G. C. Bider.'.
Tin shop. 13 tf
II D. BASS' DRAUGHT ALE, of superior quail-
FOREIGN NEWS !
Corruption in the America a Grraasat The
Evila of L airersal Salfrace, aid bow lo Rf
Our Philadelphia correspondent, (who ia "well
known to the readers of the Bulletin as the " K. L.
M. C." of letters from Europe,) thus writes from
Philadelphia, on 30th September, to a friend in this
I notice your remarks about and
against " universal suffrage," and I am compelled
to some extent to agree with you. I say " com
pelled," because we all have a species of prejudice
against any law or form copied, however dimly,
from European systems of government, and especi
ally from their system of rating. Still, it cannot
be denied our system of allowing every ragamuffin
to vote has produced a class of politicians as dis
solute as they are active and reckless in their call
ing, and as ungodly as they are dangerous to the
public good. Indeed, the most part of them who
Mil our offices (and there is scarcely an office that
is not filled by a politician) are men of the lowest
educational acquirements, and of the most debased
morals men who have no religion, country or God,
except an office. In fact, they are enough to en
gulf any government any people; enough to pro
duce anarchy, civil war and universal chaos. Still,
the question of universal suffrage remains a diffi
cult problem to solve. We see and acknowledge
its errors and tendencies, yet we cannot see how
we are to make any radical change. Certain it is,
it never can be done through the ballot-box. And
as this is the arbiter of our destinies, and as this is
controlled by the majority, and as a large portion
of the majority are the very ones we wish to ex
clude from the privilege of voting of course, this
majority would go against any such limitation of
their citizen prerogatives.
The questions suggested by a change in our po
litical system, in regard to voting, are so complex,
and involve such vast perils and interests that we
do not care to push them to an issue. What shall
be the voter's qualification ? So much education ?
Hardly a possible requisite. So much morality ?
Simply a premium for hypocrisy. So much prop
erty ? A doubtful certificate for good citizenship,
as the elections in England fully show. Men of
education, reputed morality, and property are often
quite as corrupt, and always thirst as much for of
fice as the ignorant, immoral, poor man. But shall
a drunken loafer, without a sou in his pocket, or a
care for or interest in the government, have the
same political power and right at the source of all
our power (the ballot-box) as the truly respectable
and wealthy citizen, who has his all staked in the
government? No a thousand times No! And
yet, how alter the system ? By a revolution ? with
an even chance of rushing into dangers more faal
to our well being than those we now suffer under?
In my opinion humble though it be the grand
error in our Constitution is the electing of a Presi
dent for four years, and the clothing of him with
more than Imperial powers. I believe he should
be elected by the Senate and House of Represen
tatives, for one year only, and simply as an execu
tive officer, shorn of all power of appointing any
officers under the government, save his own Cabi
net. And he should be ineligible to a second term.
This would strike a fatal blow to the corruptions,
not to say dangers, growing out of our Presiden
tial elections. Nothing would remain of it, but
its honors, und these would be enough to fight over.
This is nearly the system adopted by the Swiss
Confederation. The Senate should be the only
appointing power, and no man should be appointed
to office until his abilities and fitness for the office
he solicits had been thoroughly established ; and
when once in office, he should be retained there
for a long period, or during good behavior. No
man belonging to one State should be appointed lo
an office in that State. A constant interchange of
men from one State to another would serve to make
us better acquainted and, consequently, more united
and more patriotic.
But I need not speculate or suggest what 1 think
ought to be. One thin?, however, is certain. All
governments are mutable, and like the race from
which they spring, must sooner or later die. It
matters little how pure, or good, or exalted, or pow
erful a nation may be, it must die. And on its
grave another nation or nations will rise, and these,
in turn, must go out, and give place to still other
nations and people and so on forever. The law
of change of life and death is as unbending to
States and nations, as to individuals neither can
escape its decrees. This Almighty law pervades
our globe and the universe. The most enchanting
and remotest star, bosomed in the remotest realm
of space, is no more secure from its power than is
" Wandering mas. of shapeless flame,
A pathless comet acd a curse.
The menace of the universe."
It is a poor consolation still it m a consolation
to feel and know that our national dangers, evils
and sins have been borne by other nations, though,
perhaps, not in the same forms, and that our de
struction would be but following in the path of
other great nations which have gone before us
nations which have sunk into oblivion so complete
that only their names have come down to us.
Possessions vanish and opinions change.
And paion hold a fluctuating seat.
Thou, Thou alone,
Art changeless and everlasting ! "
S. F. Bulletin.
Bass' bottled Ale; in quarts;
Superior Claret, in casks and cases;
Superior Holland Gin. in stone jar. and bottle.
For sale by
5 tf H- HACKFELD k CO.
Firewood ! Firewood ! !
FOR SALE at -very reasonable ratra. at
47 MELCHERS . Co
BK IT KNOWN AXD MADE MANIFEST TO
all whom it may concern, that after this date SpunuA gold
coin will be the only legal currency in money transactions with
the Government of this place.
Guam, April 19, ls6i
18 4m F. LA CORTE, Goreraor.
THE aaderaizurd belt lo iaiorna their fria
that they have established a branch of their house at 10
TORIA, V. I , nnder the management of Mr. Henry Rhodes and
under the style of JANION . GREEN, for the transaction of a
general Commission business. Particular attention will be piad
to consiitnmenu of Sandwich Island produce.
JANION. GREEN fc CO.
Honolulu, May 10,1859. 3-tf
G? The evidence of the antiquity of man afforded
by the Somne valley in the subject of an original
article by Mr. John Lubbock, P. R. S., in the new
number of the Natural History Review. Our read
ers may recollect that, in 1846, M. Boucher da
Perthes astonished the scientific world by stating
that he had found human implements in beds un
mistakably belonging to the age of the drift, of
which he published illustrations in 1847. He was
then regarded as a mere enthusiast. Since then,
however, year by year, thje nioft skeptical have
come round to bis opinion, including some of the
most eminent geologists of the day, such as Sir C.
Lyell and Mr. Prestwich. Mr. Lubbock, in long
memoir, gives an historical sketch of the progress
of belief in these ancient flint implements, and
proposes, as questions to be solved 1. Are the so
called Sint implements of human workmanship, or
the result of physical agencies? 2. Are the flint
implements of the same age as the bones of the
extinct animals with which they occur? 3. Are
we entitled to impute a high antiquity to the beds
in which these remains occur? And 4. What are
the conditions under which they were deposited ?
Three of these questions are answered in the affirm
ative by those geologists who have given much at
tention to the subject. But Mr. Lubbock, by col
lecting and classifying a large quantity of evidence
in a somewhat legal manner, has conferred a great
benefit on those who desire to obtain a summary
view of the present state of the controversy. A
section of the strata in which these implements are
found, and a colored engraving of one of them,
form illustrations of the paper. Mr. Lubbock
says, with regard to the men supposed to have
been contemporary with the implements found in
the valley of the Sotnne : " No geologist can re
turn from visiting it without an overpowering sense
of the change that has taken place, and the enor
mous time which must have elapsed, since the firs I
appearance of man in Western Europe."
By the arrival of the clipper ship Lotus, Leckie, en
route for Hongkong, and the bark Young Hector, Paty,
both from San Francisco, we are in receipt of Eastern
Atlantic dates to Nov. 21 (telegraphic) and European
dates to Nov. 9.
Regarding the war In Americ t, we make the fol
lowing extracts from the Alia California and Bulletin :
New York, November 6. Horatio Seymour is un
doubtedly elected Governor of New York State by
10, tnsjoritv. 1 he Democratic otate ticket ts also
elected. The Democrats have elected 13 out of 81
Congressmen. The Assembly is still in doubt. The
probabilities are that the Democrats have a small
New York, November 8th. The steamer Scotia,
from Liverpool the 26th, has arrived. Lord Lyons is
The Gladiator, from Bermuda, has brought sundry
reports as to the hostile intentions of Admiral Wilkes,
commanding the United States squadron at that
port some going so far as to say that he had block
aded the ports and refused to withdraw his ships on
the request of the Governor. He sent a boat to the
Gladiator to order Capt, Fool on board his vessel, but
the Captain refused, being at the time under the pro
tection of a British man-of-war, which ran out her
guns ready for action. The matter attracts much at
tention in England, and it is stated that orders have
been issued for the immediate reinforcement of the
West India squadron.
The Arm and Aart Gazette says Lord Lyons re
turns to Washington without any instructions for a
change in policy, except such as may be rendered
necessary by contingencies.
Salem. Ya., November 8th. The order relieving
Gen. McCIellan was received at headquarters at 11
o'clock last night, and was entirely unexpected. The
command was immediately turned over to Gen. Burn-
side. Gen. McCIellan and staif leave to-morrow for
Trenton, N. J., where he is ordered to report. His
last otacial act was the issuing of an address to his
soldiers, informing them in a few words of the change.
The army is still in motion.
Washixgtox, November 9. Gen. Burnside is ap
pointed in place of McCIellan. Gen. Hooker takes
Burnside's position. McClellan's removal caused
great excitement here last night. Fitzjohn Porter
has been ordered to Washington, to answer charges
preferred by Pope.
Philadelphia, November 9. McClellan's removal
has caused gre.it excitement. Among the rumors as
to the cause ia one that some instructions of the Gen
eral-in-Chief (Halleck) were not followed, and Lee
escaped in consequence. Forney's Press says that it
(the removal of McCIellan) was purely a military act,
and the result of military consultation and discus
sion. Although recommended by the President and
approved by him some time sgo, it was only finally
resolved upon after the change became inevitable.
The steam frigate Vanderbilt goes to sea to-night in
search of the pirate Alabama. The list just published
shows that six ships, six barks, six schooners and
one brig have been captured and destroyed by the
New York. November 10th. The report of the
Harper's Ferry Military Commission is published.
Concerning McCIellan, the evidence adduced t:i the
report, and the opinion expressed by the Commission,
are most direct and damaging. The General-in-Chief
testifies that McCIellan, after receiving orders
to drive the enemy from Maryland, marched on an
average six miles per day in pursuit, and that in his
opinion he both could and should have relieved and
protected Harper s i erry. in this opinion the Com
mission fully concur.
WASHrsoTojt, November 10. There is nothing in
the latest foreign intelligence to lead to apprehension
of trouble between the United States and the foreign
powers in connection with army affairs, unless it be
from the persistent course of English merchants and
speculators fitting out privateers.
The reports in circulation alleging dissatisfaction in
the array, in consequence of the change in the com
mand of the Army of the Potomac, are pronounced.
by those who have the best means of knowing, to be
A letter has just been published, written by Gen.
Halleck the 28th of October, to the Secretary of War,
from which the following is an extract : On the
1st of October, finding that Gen. McCIellan purposed
operating from Harper's Ferry, I urged him Lo cross
the river at once and give the enemy battle, pointing
out to him the disadvantages of delaying until the
autumn rains had swollen the Potomac and impaired
the roads. On the 6th of October he was perempto
rily ordered to cross the Potora.c and give battle to
the enemy or drive him South. It will be observed
three weeus elapsed since that order was given. In
my opinion there his been no such want of supplies
in the army under McCIellan as to prevent his com
pliance with my orders to advance upon the enemy.
Had be removed his army to the south side of the
Potomac he could have received supplies almost as
immediately as by remaining on the north side."
Chicago, November 10. A dispatch published ia
the Richmond papers of the 9th. dated Charleston
the 9th, savs : Gen. Beauregard has ordered all non-
combatants to leave Charleston with their movable
property. He has also ordered the slaves removed.
This is done in order to avoid embaraassment and de
lay in c.tse that a sudden necessity arise for the re
moval of the entire population.
New York, November 11th. The Heralds Wash
ington correspondent says : We have news from
Richmond to the 6th. Lee arnved there two weeks
ago, and has been there ever since. He has resumed
his position as Commander-in-Chief. General Joe
Johnston succeeds Lee in the active command of the
armies to the north of Richmond. He now has his
headquarters at Culpepper. Stonewall Jackson's
corps has been increased to 50,000. The situation of
the Federal army was well understood at Richmond.
Wabhijigto!, November 12. Gen. McCIellan was
escorted to the cars at noon yesterday by a large cav
alcade of officers, including Burnside. There was no
demonstration at his departure.
iijox, November 12th Correspondence from on
boanejteamer South Carolina, off Charleston, says
the lfcJvfigeate Racer, by permission of Flag-officer
Gieejfe$5d Charleston harbor and brought
away the British ciL He says the rebels have
just launched a powerful ram. and that two more
were ready for floating, the iron for which was daily
expected from England. He also reports the rebel
steamer Nashville lying at the mouth of Stono Inlet,
six miles from Charleston, watching a chance to run
out. There were 200 cases of yellow fever in the city
when he left.
The same correspondent says that on the night of
the 18th ultimo a vessel ran the blockade. She was
fired at 22 times by the Flambeau. ' Several shots,
struck her, but without making the slightest impres
sion. She must have been iron-plated, and very thick
at that, or the Flambeau's r.fled shots would have gone
through her. It is thought that this was the vessel
which the rebels expected with iron plates.
Philadelphia, November 13th. The Washington
Sfr of last evening says : The army, which is now in
the vicinity of Warrentm. has been at a stand still
rtce the recent order transferring the command to,
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