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engera, as wili be shown bj aocouot and documents
which yoa will receive herewith. Thi only alternative that I had, was either to al low the vessel to be sold here, and the Chinese coolies detained at very great expense, at great risk of deser tion, and with great difficulties of sending them on by another vessel, or to earryjon the repairs and send the shipto sea, cost what it might. tlad I not done so (and many friends recom mended me not to do so) I leave yoa to calculate the magnitude of the loss that must have fallen upon the owner, Mr. Conroy, who, I presume, is a citizen of Peru, and the still greater magnitude of the loss that the Peruvian owners of estates, who were to receive the Chinese laborers, would have been subjected to. Therefore, I consider my personal services, in mr offi cial capacity aforeid, as a further comity to the President and Government of rem. Notwithstanding the vigiiaft watch maintained over the Chinese, an idea had been infused into them, by whom not known, that they were to be sold in Peru tc dig guano a fetid substance, the ..dor of which wss suffocating, on islands where there was neither water nor uny green herb, and where they must all die before the end of their contracts. Mr. Wyllie having heard this, and ascertained that the coolies were not destined fr the guano islands, but for the haciendas (plantations) of Peru, sought to un deceive the coolies and prevent them from mutiny ing, by an address which he made to them on board, and by a letter to the Captain, of which he has fur nished us the following translation : Rosebask, Janu try 21, 1862. Esteemed Senor Capita. : Hoping that you ! will sail to-morrow, I wish to say to you that your I desire tr depart with the vessel well r.-paired aud provisioned for the safety of the lives of so many Chinese passengers, deserves my full approbation. The captains of vessels and other intelligent persons have assured me that with the repairs already made in this port, the Petronila is fit to sail round the world with perfect safety. And remembering what you S lid to me, in my office, abwut the insufficiency of your provisions tor only sixty days, I instantly is sued orders that after all differences were concluded. and all th- documents were signed, provisions, wo kI and water are to be completed for a voyage of ninety days. ' Mr. Harris assures me that yoa have now on board provisions for ninety days ; if it should not be so, the Consul ought to complete immediately what is wanting t 44 Tiie Chinamen, your passengers, appear to me to be of a g"od class. I doubt not that thankful for the go d treatm. nt which you hare given them, very much to your h-aior, fr.m the time that they left China, they will obey all your orders, and will con tent themselves not only to economize their water and provisions, but even to restrict themselves some what during days of cairns and of possible delay, by the loss of mists, or any other cause of the retarda tion of y.ur voyage. The Chinese, by character, are careful and eco nomical. Like all other humn beings, th y have reason and common sense ; and 1 hare no doubt that with mild and clear expUnations, they will convince themselves that by wasting their provisions, they will endtnger their own lives, and that by i conomiz ing them, they will consult their own interest. 44 If you think proper, through the medium of your interpreter, yoj can read this letter to the Chi nese, and say to them, in my name, th.it they re going to a great country which abounds in gold, sil ver, sugtr, honey, wine, brandy, delicious fruits, gr.ins and vegetables of every kind; and that the Peruvians, in their natural character, are benignant and charitable to all men who labor faithfully in their service. 44 Finally, I desire that you, your officers, your crew and your passengers, arrive quickly, in peace and in good health in Calla.i ; and I remain your friend and humble servant. 4 Q. S. M. B. (Signed.) Ii. C. Wtllik." Thus in the case of the Peruvian ship Petronila, have the King's Government given to that of Peru a practical proof that in place of seeking to resist or thwart their policy of supplying their agriculturists with Asiatic colonists coming under contracts, freely and voluntarily made, tocultiv.Oe their extensive and rich valleys, they (the King's Government) did everything thatcould reasonably be required of them, and perhaps something more, to send on surely and safely the three hundred and odd coolies that the casu alties of the ocean had thrown upon their territo ries. After that example of friendship and good faith (for all the coolies, and more too, could have been absorbed amongst our sugar and coffee planters and rice cultivators, with great benefit to the country,) it is n.t feared that the Government of Peru will so devi ate from their traditional policy under all administra tions, as to grant licenses -r to encourage, directly or indirectly, private speculators to visit the islands of this Kingdom with the view of carrying off to Peru, under any contracts or circumstances whatever, Ha waiian emigrants, thereby doing to this friendly Kingdom the greatest possible injury. Mr. Wyllie assured ns that having carefully studied the official replies of Senor Soldan, he has the ut most confidence that the Peruvian Government will not violate the pledges therein given, and has so in structed Mr. Eldredge to make known to His Excel lency the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Peru What may puzzle our readers as it puzzled us, is what Mr. Eldredge, in his note of 9th October, says of the p-issession by the King 44 of other islands in the Pacific Ocean." Having applied to Mr. Wyllie for information upon this point, he informed us that Mr. Eldredge proba bly alluded to the Johnston and Cornw;Jlis Islands (the right to which was contested bv the Govern ment of the United States, and is still in abeyance,) and to the Island of Palmyra and perhaps to Stew art's Islands, to which he (Mr. Wyllie) referred in the following paragraph of his Report to the Legisla ture of 1&6 : "Id August last, a formal deed or cession to the Kins;, of the Sovereignty of the Stewart Islands, situated ia 8 34' U" elouth Latitude, and 1UJ taut Longitude, was received through vnarres iu dunao, enquire, ill Majesty's Actio UoasuMien era! for New South Wales and Tasmania, and Political Com missioner to the Independent Ruling Chiefs of the Islands and Archipelago of outltern Polynesia. The Sovereignty is offer ed without any accompanying obligation of expense, military defense, or other asual obligations of supremacy. . The policy of the King, at avowed by Himself in His speech to the last Legislature, is the increase of His subjects within His own Ar chipelago, and not to extend ilia Domain. But an offer so un solicited and unexpected, was thought to be worthy of serious consideration bv the King aud His Council, oa religious and moral grounds. The proximity of the Stewart Islands to the Solomon group, the Duff Islands and others, renders them a central point, irom winch the lights or education aud Christian ity (the only anre elements of civilization) might radiate in all directions. Therefore, it is a grave Question with the Kinr arid His Government, whether the accepla ;ce of the Sovereignty of Btewart'a Islands would not be conducive through missionary co operation to the attainment of these results, for the benefit, not only of the inhabitants of that small group, but of those of large and more populous groups which lie in dose adjacency. This question is under consideration with those philanthropic and conscientious individuals who take the greatest interest in to conversion and civilisation of the Polynesian tribe." t Mr. Wyllie stated his belief that with a little en couragement from the King's Government to Mr. St. Julian, and without involving it in any expense 'This condition was indispensable to Mr. Wyilie's safety, for IT nil cash advances had been made before getting the bottomry r respondentia's bonds, caviling lawyer might have contend ed that they were made on the credit of the owners of JO ship and of the coolies, whereby his title to maritime interest would have been forfeited. tMr. Wyllie from the beginning felt strongly .the moral re sponsibility resting upon him for the lives of so many human beings, if the Petronila had been sent to sea badly repaired, or u water and provisions should fall snort during the voyage; an t hence his strict orders to Mr. James Robinson, whom, with the consent of the Consul and Captain, he selected to make the repairs after the return of the Petronila leaking, and to Capt. Holdswerth, who supervised those repairs, so to make them m that that vessel should be as seaworthy as any vessel then in port, whatever it might cost, although, having ordered the ves sel to be insured in London for the full amount of his cash ad vances and maritime interest, the loss of the ship would have been a benefit so him. But no pecuniary profit could have coun tervailed the remorse arising from the loss of so many human beings, if drowned at sea " like so many rats," through Mr. Wyilie's neglect, or even his parsimony. Mr. Wyllie had further taken the precaution, in case the Pe tronila should bare had to resort to Tahiti or .Sydney to repair damages or for a fresh supply of provisions, to provide the Cap tain with letter for H. B. M. Consul, George C. Miller, of Tahiti, and Messrs, Smith Brothers k Co., of Sydney, to advance on Mr. Wyilie's account whatever money might b required to enable the vessel to arrive at Callao, whatever, not only Stewart's Islands, but the Samoan, and several other groups of islands, not nnder the protection of any European power in 1855 and 1856, would have added themselves to the King's Dominions as Confederate States under his suzerainty, claiming only the right to hoist his flag to make nse of His Majesty's name, and in case of aggression or outrage, to appeal to him for protection it being well understood that that protection could never be more than a moral one that is to aay, the protection of the pen, not of the cannon. Mr. Wyllie expresses his regret that the enlarged and philanthropic views of Mr. St. Julian were not appreciated, or r.ther, not underst ood, as he argued they should be, and states his belief, founded on Senor Soldan' s dispatches, that if Mr. St. Julian's pi ins hd been carried into effect, many islands in the Pacific to the 44 south-west," being under the King as Suzerain, and living under his flag, w.uld have b en specially excepted by the Government of reru in the licenses grin ted to contract for and im port colonists from islands in that quarter of this vast Ocean. This question having become one of no small inter national gravity, for the sake of its elucidation and of justice to th? loyalty, zeal and political foresight of Mr. St, Julian, Mr. Wyllie has permitted us to publish the Articles of the Convention for the ses sion of the group of Stewart's Islands, which will be found below : Articles of Convention made and executed at Sydney, in the British Colony of -Sew t-outh Wales, on the tenth day of reb- ruary, in the year of Our Lord, One Thousand L:ght Hun dred and Fifty Five, between the Honorable I liarles tL Juliun the Commissioner and Polities' and Commercial Agent of Ilia Majesty the King of the Hawaiian ltlands, to the liidcueiuieti Ft.-ites and Tribes of Polynesia, etc., etc., Ac, and John Webster, F.squire, the Sovereign Chief and Proprietor of the group of island in the South Pacific, known as Stewart's Is lands and comprising the Islands of Ihikaiaua, Te Parem Taore, Malua-Aroi. and Malua-Iroto. L The Sovereign Chief ami Proprietor of Stewart's Island cedes and makes .iver to the King of the Hawaiian Islands, and to His Heirs and Successors forever, all His rights of sovereignty and proprietorship in and over that group and the adjacent ten. IL Tte Commissioners of His Hawaiian Majesty accepts this cession on his .M ijetty s behalf, subject to Ins approval, that is to say. if His Majesty shall approve and ratify this Convention it shall be of full lorce and effect, but if He shall disapprove of the same It shall become void. III. In the events of the Sovereignty of the Hawaiian Islands being transferred to any other power, the group of islands now ceded to that K-.ngdom shall revert to their independence, and shall thenceforth be governed in such manner as their people, or their representatives shall decide. IV. As a dependency of the Kingdom of the Hawaiian Is lands, the local government of Stewart's Islands shall be vested in a Lieutenant governor, duly commissioned by His Hawaiian Majesty, under such a constilution as by His Majesty, or under His authority shall be hereafter determined. The Government in Chief shall be rested in such officer or department of His Ha waiian Majesty's service ns His Majesty shall appoint, but such ofneer or department although exercising a general exposition shall not interfere with the details nt internal administration V. There shall be no demand whatever upon the Hawaiian Treasury for the occupation government ami defence of this group, but all exiienses of this nature shall be borne from its own resources or from the private funds of the Lieutenant Gov ernor for the lime being, who shall be at liberty to trade. On the other hand, no tax or contribution shall be demanded or ex ecuted from ii by the said Treasurer or by any of His Hawaiian .Majesty s Officers." VI. Mr. Webster shall have the option of becoming Lieuten ant Governor of Stewart's Islands, but must either accept or reject tins appointment within one month after having received notice of Ilis Hawaiian M;ij sty's ratification of this Conven tion. If he accepts he shall be bound to proceed within one mouth to his seat of government, and if he rejects, his rejection shall be regarded as a complete abandonment of all claims to, for, or on account of the said group. VII. This Convention shall be ratified or disallowed within six months. Is Witshs, wbereof the said contracting parties have hereun to set their hands and seals at Sydney, aforesaid, on the day and year hrst above written. CHARLES ST. JULIAN'. Ii. H. M.'s Commissioner, 4c JOHN WEBSTER, Sov'r. Chief of Stewart's Island. In conclusion we add the Articles of the Hawaiian General Diplomatic and Consular Instructions, referred to above, from which it will be seen that the King's Diplomatic and Consul. r Agents, serving abroad, are under strict rules to keep within the limits of interna tional law, and not unduly or prematurely to interfere with the internal policy or the municipal laws of the countries where thy reside. 3. " The Consul must scrupulously abstain from all interfer ence in the internal affairs and foreign relations of the country where he resides; he must respect the laws and usages of the country, and warn all suhjecu of His Majesty residing therein or visitir.g its ports, against any disrespect to the authorities, or evasion or infraction of the laws and regulations which may be in force nt the time. 8. The Consul in his social and other relations with the Con suls or nfacers of other nations, is to pursue a frank, honest and honorable course, but not to engage in any correspondence with them, on political matters, whereby His Majesty's Government can be, in any way involved. 9. " The Consul is herewith furnished with copies of the Trea ties and Conventions, at present, subsisting between the Ha waiian Kingdom and foreign powers; he ia to bear io mind that it is his principal duty to protect and promote the lawful and trading interests or the Hawaiian nation; but, he is to take spe cial notice of all prohibitions with respect to the export or im port of specified articles, as well by the laws of the Stale where he resides, as by Hawaiian law. so that he may caution all His Majesty's subjects against carrying on an illicit commerce, to the detriment of the revenue, and in violation of the laws and regulations of either country; and he is to give immediate notice to the Minister of Foreign Relations, at Honolulu, of any at tempt to contravene those laws and regulations. He is not to disgrace his office and the government of His Majesty, by at tempting to protect, or in any way countenance those who en gage in smuggling operations, but, in every such case to allow the law to take its regular course. 10. " The Consul is to consider it his sp-cial duty, by every proper means, to conciliate differences when they ari?e between Hawaiian subjects or citixens of the country where he resides, or other foreigners, in all such cases, acting with perfect impar tiality, and without ever attempting to shields Hawaiian subject when manifestly in the wrong. Upon no account is he to take up, officially, any complaint or claim by a Hawaiian subject, until after satisfying himself that it is perfectly just, and that the case has not been fairly dealt with before the local tribunals, or does not belong to their jurisdiction. Above all he is to be cautious in imputing partiality or injustice to the tribunals, in any case which has been properly brought before thetn. or which may still be redressed by appeal to a higher tribunal and he is not to iuculpate any existing law so long as that law, be it good, bad or indifferent, is equally applied to subjects of other powers. But where clear attempts are made to injure Hawaiian subjects, either io their persons or properties, the Consul is to uphold their interests, and the rights which may be secured to them by treaty, by mild and courteous representations to the authorities immediately cognisant of the respective Cases. Where justice cannot thus be obtained, he is to avoid all acrimonious discus sions with those authorities, and content himself, with referring the whole correspondence, with the proper explanations, to Ilis Majesty's Representative at the seat of government, or (if there be none) to the Minister of Foreign Relations at Honolulu ' In all such cases, the Consul is to be particularly careful to stale the case impartially, and to withhold no document, evi dence or argument on which the lo al authorities ground their refusal to grant the redress which the Consul considers to be just. 11. " The Consul is to be extremely careful in inquiring into all facts v-hich he certifies as such, and in every case where he has to certify to a document consisting of more than one sheet, he is to unite the sheet by a tape or ribbon, by means of wax or wafer, thereon placing his Official Seal as distinctly as possible. Ii "In any cases where Hawaiian subjects have land or other immoveables in the country where the Consul resides he is to abstain from all interference with the jurisdiction of the gov ernment over such property. SI. The Consul is to caution the captains of all Hawaiian vessels against the breach of any blockade, of any quarantine law, and against harboring any refugee from justice, even though the latter be a Hawaiian subject. 26. H No Charge, Consul General or Consul of Ilis Majesty is to make himself odious to the authorities, by acting officially on statements, resting solely on Interested and ex-parte evidence, by applying for information on points which it is his owi, duty to know or ascertain, or requiring their opinions or decisions on matters of fact, the proof of which may belong to the ordinary tribunals of the country, nor are they ever to make a demand, or support one, which is not clearly allowable by the law or na tions." Reform of (he Mernlas; Siar. , On Thursday last the Missionary Packet, the Morning Star, retained from a cruise to Micronesia. The much talked of emigration of islanders from those groups Hawaiiward had not been effected, owing, as we Searn, to the great war raging between the two principal sovereigns; they having every need of their able bodied men, themselves, for fighting purposes, and owing to military necessity not permitting their subjects to leave for so distant a field as this country. Whether, on the return of peace, the emigration enterprise will prove more successful, we cannot say ; but in the meanwhile this Government will have time to consider the matter not only in its bearings on those islanders, bat also on the agricultural development in these islands, and take such measures, as it alone can and ought to take, to protect the interests of all concerned. The Morning Star brought up the captain and crew of the Hawaiian schooner Maria," which had. been shipwrecked at Apaiang. She brings no intelligence of the missing schooner Liholiho." From ike East. The clipper ship Wild Hunter, was to leave San Francisco on or before the 15th ult., for Honolulu, and is sow expected daily. t When, hereafter, people talk about the develop ment of the resources of this country, agricultural or industrial, it would be well to bear io mind one fact, for which we are indebted to California enterprise, via that Hawaiian molasses, when distilled, will give gallon for gallon of new rum of a very superior quality. The Hawaiian Sugar plantations exported last year about 104,395 gallons of molasses, at an average price of 18 to 20 cents per gallon. The Sugar Refinery in Ho nolulu will undoubtedly use up a fair portion of this year's niol'isses, still a considerable quantity will be shipped on plantation account, hardly ever covering more than expenses, and, as it now appears, furnishing another valuable stone in the industrial building of of1 neighbor over the pond. The market price of tire quality of rum referred to is, in Sin Francisco, 45 cents per gallon ; in Amoor and the Russian Posses sion?, $2 and upwards per gallon ; and in Victoria, V. I., $1 per gallon. Business men can make a quicker and closer calculation for themselves than we can do for them ; but it roust be evident that, for the want of enterprise, and practical, liberal legislation to foster it, our planters are compelled to export great quantities of the raw material at a small price, to be converted into a saleable and profitable irticle abroad, of which no inconsiderable portion returns to us at an enhanced price, after passing through the various metamorphoses of foreign Hills and liquor dealers. Our regret at this state of things is the greater, as it is not through ignorance or listlessness of our business men that this loss to the national resources is incurred, but in order to humor the abstract notions and ground less fe irs of a little knot of Utopians, who believe that the erection of a distillery in Honolulu, no matter what precautions may he tik, n with it, would be the port hole through wi..ch the Devil would enter and take possesion of every man, woman and child ia the country. Logic is lost upon such men, and facts can not open their eyes. For years and years they have contrived to control the legislation of the country, and, as they believe, kept Satan.is at bay. Whenever a movement is mide to legalize distilling, or amend the liquor laws, they deafen both earth and heaven with their clamor about a f ncy bea9t which they conjure up for dramatic effect, and cull it the Tiger," and whose " unchaining" is supposed to be attended with all the evils of h seventh vial of wrath." It has been suggested by us and others that a dis ti!lery in Honolulu, under proper checks on 1 precau tions, working up the molasfes now exported or any other agricultural products that might enrich the na tional capital, would be a great acquisition t.i national wealth ; but terror and consternation seized upon the holy ones, their cheeks paled and their teeth clattered at the bare idea of having a real live Tiger" in the midst of this moral and religious city of Honolulu Why, it would be the " desolation of abomination. spoken of by the Prophet ; men and wonen would shang round the establishment in fearful Saturnalia, and children would get drunk within three days' sight of the concern. So intense was this feeling that even the Sugar noose Company of this town inserted a clause in its charter, prohibiting the Company from ever bringing the first hair of the animal within its walls or making him contribute to the individual wealth of the Company, or the national resources of the country. And so, nothing came of it, and San Fran cisco laughs us in the face, saying : Gentlemen of the Sandwich Islands, there is such a thing as being " more nice than wise " in one's generation. I wish you all good, and feel it a matter of conscience not to take the bread out of your children's mouths. Through a foolish notion, which your wise men have put into your heads, you have taxed yourselves and your people for my benefit during these last twelve or thirteen years to an amount sufficient to have cured every dis ease with which you are afflicted, and keep hospitals in every district, or to have given every child in the land a good Knglish education during tie same period. Keep, then, your raw material at horn?, make your own liquor, and if you have any to spare send it io Sister Oregon, Victoria and the Russian Possessions ; they haCSssl cold weather up there, and can oii.nd a deal of whisky. Let your preachers and orators dilate upon heaven and heavenly Attractions, it is their business, and their ow.1 distance from the field lends ench mtraent to their view ; but do you mind the earth and its realities, where the Good God placed you with all it contains : therefore, do not neglect your husband ry, lest the Great Landlord turn you out before the lease is up. And, a latt word in your ear, keep your own Tiger " and save your moiiey ; a foreign-bred cor you can never trust. The Friend and the Advertiser are rather se vere upon us this week. The first, whatever its opinions, always writes like a gentleman and feels like a Christian ; the second neither dues the one or the other. They are both agreed, however, that we are exceedingly wrong in continuing our agitation of the liquor ques tion. They are overwhelming the Judges of the Su preme Court with eulogies and praises, as if they had done more thau their duty in deciding that the prohibi tory law was not unconstitutional. That decision settles that question, and thus simplifies the matter by leaving onty the question of policy to be settled by those who have power to make aud repeal laws, via., the Legis lature. Our contemporaries look upon the decision of the Court as a party viotory, and are jubilant accord ingly, and the one tries to coax and the other to bully us to leave the subject in that half-finished state, which, while it settles the question of law, still leaves it an open question whether the law itself is conducive to sobriety. morality, and national self-respect. We believe our selves as competent to form a judgment on that point as our contemporaries, and as the Judges, were courte ous enough to indicate that the question of policy was tha, prerogative and the duty of the Legislature, we flu to perceive any remarkable ' impudence " in fol lowing the path which the Court has indicated. For our part we never argued the legal or constitutional side of the liquor question ; the Court has settled that point, and we rejoice in its decision on many grounds ; but we have long maintained the impolicy and immoral tendencies of the present laws bearing upon the manu facture and sale of liquor, and the necessity as wvll as policy of revising them in a fair and liberal spirit The Court has emphatically decided that the Hawaiian peo ple, through its King, Nobles and Representatives, acting together, is the only proper judge of what measures, under the Constitution, may best meet its own " wants, necessities and dangers," and we feel it a point of duty and common honesty not to deceive them on what we conceive to be the truth of tha matter. Conscious of the rectitude and purity of our own mo tives, we can forgive the malignant attack upon them by the Advertiser, and in the frank and friendly spirit of the Friend we beg to assure it that, until the facts, from which we argue, shall have changed their nature or been disproved, no reconsideration can change our opinion of either the fiscal or penal policy o f the pres ent liquor laws. Net ice ! J sire re We are requested by the Marshal, to state that the Foreign Jurors, for the April term of Supreme Court, will not be required to attend the Court till Monday the 13th instant at 9 A. M. Regarding the mission which the Hawaian Government sent over to San Francisco, in the bark Yankee, we learn the following agreeable intelligence which we clip from the S. F. Bulletin, of the 6th and 7th inst. On the bark Yankee, arrived yesterday from Hono lulu, came several members of the Hawaiian uov emment who were sent by that power ti appear as witnesses at a trial soon to be held here of a subject accused of committing a capital crime. These wit' nosaf consist of John Ii. C. Kapaaxea. C. O. Hop kins, and a native named J. Koii. Our readers will perhaps remember that about a year since, a tana ka sailor named Heleike. or Harry, was arrested in this citvf-r the murder of Capt. Husst-y, on board the whaling brig William Penn, in 1S52, while that vessel w;is at sea, near Strong s Island. Alter the arrest and imprisonment of this man, on the stren representations of the accused that he could prove his inn-icence, the Hawaiian Consul at this prt, C. E. Hitchcik. obtained a stav of proceedings by mak ing uu affidavit that he had cause to believe that if sufficient time were allowed to send for witnesses to the Sandwich Islands, the accused would be able to prove his innocence. The parties above named have, in accordance with promise, been sent by the tia waiian Government, at its own expense, to savo if possible the lite of an asserted innocent subject, which . action of the Government is believed ta be without parallel among the civilized nations of the earth, an I snould redound to its credit. The most distinguished of these arrivals is John Ii, who is a member of the Privy Council, alo of the House of Nobles and Associate Justice of the supreme Court of the Kingdom. The intellect of this gentleman is of a hiarh order, and his purity of character s a Judge ia held in the same estimation by the white inhabitants of these islauds as th.t with which the United States regard the U. S. Supreme Judge. At 1 o'clock to-day, the witnesses whose arrival from the Sandwich Inlands, was mentioned in our is sue of yesterday, attended ot the city prison t see the Kanaka prisoner Harry, who for the fast year has been confined on the charge of ruurd ring Carat. Husev, in 1852. The witnesses were attended by U. S. District Attorney Sharp, Judge Freelon and Alexander Camph-ll, counsel for prisoner, C E. Hitchcock, Hawaiian Consul, and C. ii. Hopkins who has accompanied the witnesses from Honolulu The witnesses each in turn proceeded with the above named gentlemen to the prison-yard, where the pns- ner wis waiting their arrival. Judge Ii was the first to identifv the prisioner, of whom he asked many questions until belief ripened into certainty. The Judge recognized him as a boat boy of Honolulu, who, on the night of the 9th of November, 1852, helped to rescue a schooner which was in danger of c itching fire from a building on the wharf, that was fired by the sailors of the whaling fleet in the harbor, who were an armed mob ashore. The Judge had also seen and recognized him the next day alter that fire. The murder is stated as having been committed off Strong's Island, where the murderer had been shipped a few days previous, on the 14th f November, 1852, which pl.ee is over 2,000 miles distant from Honolulu. C Knpaa'Nea was then brought in. who at seeing the prisoner immediately recognized him, nd on meeting whom he wis agitated to tears. There was not a dry eye ;.t this moment among thos-? present. After his emotion had subsided, the witness stated in English to those present, thac the prisoner was a b y who was a son of one of his people, and identified him as heing in Honolulu at the tim-of the tire ubove referred to in 1S52, and also continuously by other circumstances as being there up to the middle of next year, 1853. J. Koii then saw the prisoner, of whom without reserve he spoke, specifying many things to prove his identity during the time when the murder is alleged to have been committed by Harry. Altogether, the identification was complete. which circumstance, taken in conn.-ctinn with other proofs previously adducsjd, prove the prisoner's statements correct. The Gov ernment of Hawaii will be rewarded for their efforts and expense, by saving the life of an innocent man. jQ At an adjourned meeting of subscribers to the Cook's Monument Fund, held at the Court House on Monday last, it was Proposed by Mr. Synge, and seconded by Mr. Green, that Capt. Richards, of IL B. M. S. Hecate, take the chair. Carried. Proposed by Mr. Savidge, and seconded by Mr, Montgomery, that Mr. S. Spencer be Secretary of this meeting. Carried Proposed bv Mr. Pfluger. and seconded by Mr. Green, that the following resolution, proposed bv Capt. Rich ards at a meeting held at Mr. Synge's residence, on the 2G(h mat., be adopted by this meeting, viz: " That in the opinion of this meeting, a lighthouse near the entrance of Honolulu harbor, lo be called ' Cook's Lighthouse,' woul J he the most appropriate monument to the memory of Capt Cook." Carried. Proposed by Capt. Babcock, and seconded by Mr. Heuck, That a committee of five be appointed, one of whom shall be treasurer, to collect further contribu tions, and to report progress at a meeting of the sub scribers, to be convened for the purpose, within three months from the present time." Carried. Proposed by Mr. Synge, and seconded by Mr. Good- ale, that the following gentlemen be appointed for the committee: Capt. Meek, Messrs. ebster. Filmier. Severance, and Green. Carried. Proposed by Mr. Savidge, and seconded by Mr. Gre n, that a committee of seven be appointed to re commend a position for the lighthouse, dpt. Richards to be one of the committee. Carried. The following gentlemen were then duly appointed : Captains Richards, Babcock, Meek, J. Brown, Berrill, Messrs Prendergast nd Webster. At the sugsestion of his lordship Bishop Staley, it was proiosed by Mr. G. Rhodes and seconded by Mr. Synge, that the committee of five apply to the princi pal insurance Unices abroaJ, and to such other persons as the committee may see fit, f r contributions towards the object ia view, and that the sid committee prepare a circular letter for that purpose. Carried. A vote of thanks was then unanimously passed to the chairman. Capt. Richards. The meeting then adjourned. Fire at Lihae, Kauai. We are indebted to T. H. Marshall, Esq , for the following ; The carpenter shop of H. A. Widemann, Esq., on his place at Grove Farm, Lihue, Kauai, was destroyed by fire, together with all its contents, and an ox cart in an adjoining cart house, on Wednesday last. The fire is communicated bv a flike from the blacksmith shop, some fifty feet distant; and the building being thatched, an l a high notherly wind blowing at the time, prevented anything frm being saved. The ! building contained two turning lathes and a circular saw bench. Easter Sunday. We hpe not cue of our readers in this professedly christian land, will overlook the fact that to-morrow is Easter Sunday, and worthily keep the day in com memoration of the resurrection of the Lord, and in hope of his own resurrection. It has been a day of jubilee for over eighteen centuries in the Christian Church, and shoul J be so observed here. Let the great religious festivals become national holidays and religion itself will become national, appealing to the affections of man as well as to his reason. Departure ( the Hecate. i On Wednesday list H. B. M a ship ' Hecate ' Ont. Richards, lett this port to visit Kailua, Hawaii, where tbeir Majesties the King aod Queen are at present so journing. The English Commissioner, Mr. Sjrnge, Mrs. Sjnge, and the Hon. D. Kalakana were kindly tendered a passage up to Kailua in the " Hecate." Good Friday. This day, to dear to the religious convictions of the Christian world, was duly commemorated with appro priate services, at the Raman Catholic and Episcopalian Cathedrals of this city. Several uf the Consulates kept tbeir flags at half-mast Ackaowledxnsrnln. We tender ours to Messrs. - McRuer & Merril of San Francisco, for late files of foreign news. TicTOBia, V. I , January 1st, 1663. -j-R IIKXRY RHODES IIAVIXG BKEN AD lvJI mitted as a partner in our firm, the style will in future be Janion, Green it Rhodes. Firewood I Firewood ! I FOR SALE at very reasonable rates, at 47 MELCHERSifc Co 33n utljoriti). The undersigned hereby, respectfully, notifies all whom it may concern, that under authority of Hii Ma jesty the King. His Royal nighness the Prince Kame hameha, is encharged with the duties of the under signed, as Minister of Foreign Affiirs and Secretary at War, from the day of departure of the undersigned, for the Island of Kauai, till that of his return there from and that having His Majesty's leave of absence, the undersigned purposes to embark for Princeville, dur ing the ensuing week. R. C. Wtllic Foreign Office, April 1, 1863. ' Special Notices. Hawaiian Cathedral Easter Snntlay. AT 71 A. M. HOLY EUCHARIST AT THE CHAPEL OP the Female Collet, Niiuaan, bv Rev. 6. Mason, M. A. Holy Eucharist at the Cathedral, Kukui street, by Rev. E. Ibhotson. At Pi A. M. Matins ia native, with Prrmon in Hawaiian, by the Bishop. . Al II A. M. Processional Hymn, with Hih Celebration, by the Bishop. Sermon j Rev. G. .Vision, M. . .Music as fol lows: Kyrie, Mendelsohn; f rein bv Rnir, in A ; Sanrfns, Gibbons, in P; Aenris Dei. Mozart, in O ; Gloria in Exeelsin, Mozart; eonclndins with the Old Hundredth Psalm. At 6) P. M Choral Hawaiian Litany. At "J P. M Processional Hymn, Evtssnat, and fermon by the Bisimp. Anthem, "Id Jewry is God known," by J. C. Whilefield. Hawaiian Mission College, Nmi arni Valley. The EASTER TERM twill Begin on APRIL 131 h. The object of the College U to Impart a sonn'l English educa tion, combined with domest'e and industrial training. It is con ducted on the principles of a Family Pchool, in two distinct de partments. For the present the education ia carried on by Mrs. .Mason, with an assistant, but two experienced governesses are expect shortly from Englard. Instruction i9 given in all the usual branches of English edu cation, with plain Needlework and Dress-Making, and when de sired, in French, Music, German. Calisthenics, Dancing, Illumi nating. Drawing, Embroidery, and every kind of Fancy Work. TERMS. First Department $40 for term of 13 weeks Second Department 8 -'5 Tor term of 13 weeks. Day Pupils 25 cents a week. They will receive a plain Eng lish education and training in industrial work. Young ladies are received as day pupils at $3 per term of 12 weeks, under 12 years. A course, includiug English. French, Music, Calisthenics and Dress-Milking, $i5 per term. Above 12 years, and $35. Special arrangements as to terms made in cases of Sisters, and to meet special cases, and as to period of entry. 49 tf HAWAIIAN CATHEDRAL SCHOOL. GRAMMAR Visitor, Right Revd. the Lord r.Lhop of Honolulu. Warden, Revd. G. Muson, M. A., of the University of Oxfor J. THE OBJECT Or' THIS SCHOOL IS TO furnish to boys a sound religious and liberal education. The course of study will comprise the usual English branches, together with instrnction in Latin, Greek and Mathematics. M.-chaiiics and Natural Philosophy, and if required, in French and German. The requirements of different pupils will be taken into consid eration in the choice of their studies. The year will be divided into Four terms. The second term of the present year commences on Thursday, April 16th. Pupils can be admitted at the X Quarter. A payment of $13 in advance to the Treasurer of the Mission will be required from each pupil under 12 years, per term, and $15 abve that age. Special arrangements cr.u be made in case of more than one pnpil from the same family. The Warden will receive a limited number of boarders. Application for admission to be made at once to the Clergy, Kukui Street. 49 tf jaXeu) ducrtiDcmcnto. THE STEAMER KILAUEA! WILL LEAVE. HO.NOLCLL . OJN MONDAY, APRIL 6th, At 1-2 past i o'clock P. M. FOR L. AH ALVA, KALEPOLEPO, MAKERS LANDING, E&ALAEEEUA, KAILUA, KAWAIIIAE, HONOIPU, and 2IILO! JANIO.V. CREEX k CO., 29 tf Agents Hawaiian ?. N. Co. THE STEAM SCHOONEIt ANNIE LAURIE ! " Will leave HO.NOLULC for KOLOA AXD XAWILHVILI Alternately, as often as the facilities for takinj off Freight will allow her. She will call at WAI3IEA whenever sufficient in ducement offers. JANION, GRKEN V CO., Honolulu. April 1, 1863. (49 tf) A rents H. S. S. Co. VICTORIA AMRPORTLAiVD. The A 1 Clipper Bark M CAMBRIDGE! M N. C. BROOKS, Master, Having the greater portion of her freight engaged, win sail for the above port On WEDNESDAY, April 8th JET for freight or passage, having superior accommodations tor cabin aod steerage passengers, apply to the captain on board, or to 49 It ALU RICH, WALKER b. CO. BREAD AND BISCUIT BAKERY. CORNER QUEEN & RICHARD STS. OV HAND AND FOR SALE, FRESH BAKED Pilot and Navy Bread ; Soda, Sugar, Butter and Water Crackers, in any quantity and at ths lowest rates. Parties providing their own flour wiU have it baked Bp on the lowest terms. Ship Bread rebaked. 49 9m LOWE, BROTHERS, COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Victoria, Vancouver's Island. REFER TO Messrs. Aldbich, Wautia A Co., Honolulu. A Mr. Jamcs I 49 ly Dowsarr ......... ........... .Honolulu. Jfcro loncrttsnnmls. NEW WORLD rT MERCHANT ST., NEARLY OPPOSITE the SAILOR'S H0SL2 THE rDERIG.ED having secured the services ol" an excellent Cook and ac commodating Waiters is new prepared to render every at- i tention to his numerous cus- toiiiera; ana o iceia euuu'jcus iron ins well snown abilities as a Caterer, that be will be able to gratiry the most epicurean tastrs. His Table is always supplied with the very best the Bar ket affords ; and as he has xsTirr one iuiici: his patrons neod have no fear that the dishes placed br'ore them are the leavings of a more aristocratic table. Everything served at this House is CLEAN & FRESH FROM THE KITCHEN t-tT- By special agreement with bis Butcher, he is always sup plied with the BEST CUTS from the most' Choice Animals FUESII EGGS AXD 3IILK, AXD THE BEST ISLAND BUTTER. HAWAIIAN HONEY AND Chafer's Golden Syrup. CAKES OF ALL KINDS PIES, TARTS, PRESERVES. Jams and Jellies. Made to Order! $3- Private Parties, Balls and Picnics provided with every luxury required, at the shortest notice. JfZT Every rare and attention given ia preparing any delica cies ordered for the sick. TERMS MODERATE I By constant attention to the wants of his Customers, and a de termination to give satisfaction, he hopes to merit a continuance of public favor. X1T Strangers are requested to call and judge for themselves. HENRY WALTON. Honolulu, April 2. 1803. 49 3m GERMAN MERINO SHEEP. THE HAMBURG BARK FETISCH," which is to bring the Cargo ex Pauline," from the Falkland Islands, being now nearly due, we beg to of- rer ior saie a tiiuaa uir or - MERINO RAMS AND EWES! from the same' estate as those Imported last summer ber brig 44 Emma," and which have gi veil such great satisfaction to the purchasers. This being the last lot of sheep we shall ever im port, and having reduced oor prices considerably, parties de sirous to secure any, would do well to make their earliest appli cation to 49 St ID. BOJfSCHLAEGER fc. STAPENH0RST. Honolulu Barrel Factory! HATITO AT LAST SUCCEEDED in providing a sufficient snppry of Island ma terial, such as Kukoi, Ahakee, and other na tive woods, we ara now fully prepared to fur nish all kinds or containers for Sugar, Molas ses. Tallow. Rir. tte . at th iW.ii nr,ii,. Our manufacture will be found noon trial, the hindmniHi and cheapest. The staves being tut in a bent, there is no loss bv Breakage whatever, whilst that on the imnorted. strairht cut staves is very considerable, and best known to those who have used them thus far. Orders directed to the undersigned will be pmmotlw attended to. (49 3t) ED. HOFFSC11LAEGER A STAPKNHORST. SUPREME COURT la Pkosats In the matter of the Proof of the Will of Wm. Johnson. of Kooa, Hawaii, late dec PROPER Application having been made to the Hon. . M. Robertson. Associate Justice of th nn,.m. Court, by C. C. Harris, for Probate of the will of William John son, of Kona, Hawaii, late deceased ; notice Is hereby given to all persons whom it may concern, that Saturday, the l'8th day of April in , at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, is a day and hour ap pointed for hearing- proof of said will, and all objections that may be offered thereto, at the Court House, in the town of nonoium. - u ,, . - JL- BR0WJf. Asst Clerk Sup. Court. Honolulu, A pril 2, 1863. 49.34 SUPREME COURT, I Ia PaoBATS t In the matter of the Proof of 1 the Will of Thomas King, late V of Honolulu. Oahu, deceased. ) PROPER Application having been made to the Hon. O. M. Robertson. Awi,t Jn.i .t c Court, by Frank Molteno, for Probate of the Will of Thomas King, of Honolulu, late deceased; notice is hereby given to all persons whom it may concert, that Saturday, the 18th day of April inst., at 9 o'clock io the forenoon, is a day and hour ap pointed for hearing proof of said will, and all objections that may be otTered thereto, at the Court House, in the town of Houo- u 11 , ,- R0W2 Assl Clerk Sup. Court. Honolulu, April Id, 1363. 49 3t Towage of Vessels. . NOTICE IS IlEREBr C1VEV, that from and after the 1st day of April, ISoT, -the folio wine rates will be ehanreii snr vrsseiS towed in or out of the Harbor of Hnnnlnlu liv the propeller - PELE : ' ' For Merchant vessels of l00 tons and upwards $73 " " MO I0U0 tons 60 " " " undnr 500 " . fr) " Foreign Whaleships ana Barks 45 Hawaiian 41) " Brigs and Schooners over 900 tons ..."". .7. .. 3f " . " nnder " - 80 By order of the Minister of the Interior. 8. SPENCER, Chief Clerk. Interior Office, March. 23, 186i. 43 31 To be Sold or Let. TH AU ELEG I XT AND COMMOD1 ous family mansion, EMMA HOC3E (built two years ago. at a cost of (9,S0o), lately occupied by the Hon. David I- Gregg and his familv. farties wishing to see the House can d!t to Mr. X. Fuller, who resides in the adjacent premises, lately occupied as the Government Offices. 43 tf Just Eeceived! Kellikinich & Oronoko Smoking To bacco! - MANSAKITA AND BMERW00D PIPES ! For sale by 43 4t JOHN CATTANACII. Xanana Street, one door below King. ROUND VOLUMES. BOUND VOLUMES OF THE "POLYNESIAN" FOR lS6t-6i (Vol XVIII) and back volumes, for 'sale, this at Office. rnce so.