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Chicago Bee Published Every Week by the BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY, Inc. 3655 So. State Street, Chicago, 111. Telephone: Yards 1640 Entered as Second Class Matter, August 14, . 1929, at the Post Office at Chicago, under the Act of March 8, 1879. ADVERTISING RATES Furnished Upon Request 3655 South State St., Chicago, 111. Telephone: Yards 1640 Eastern Advertising Representative CALVIN’S NEWSPAPER SERVICE 143 West 125th St., New York City Price Per Copy, 5c Everywhere SUBSCRIPTION RATES In U. S. Foreign One Year . $2 00 . $2.50 Six Months . $1.25 . $1.50 Three Months .... $ .75 . $1.00 Volum 29 Number 18 SUNDAY, MAY 1, 1938 THE CHICAGO BEE’S PLATFORM 1— The suppression of superstition— enlightmcnt. 2— Higher education for all groups. 3— Cordial relations between races. 4— Civic and racial improvement and development. 5— The promotion of Negro business. 6— Good, wholesome and authentic news. All news items sent to the Chicago Bee for publication must be signed. This includes social, music and club items as well as general news. Unsign ed articles will be destroyed. Rejected communications will not be returned. Kipling Was Right THAT the female of the species is more deadly than the male has been proven upon occasions too numerous to mention. But no doubt Todd C. Colbert, a prosperous Western business man, will say that the fe male of the species is also more subtle than the male, after his bitter experience came near bringing ruin to his business and deg radation, and possibly death, to h i m s e If . However, we are not able to see the subtil ity of the 14-year-old white girl who was the direct cause of Mr. Colbert’s troubles, as originating with her. It is our candid opin ion that this girl was merely the tool of white enemies of the Negro business man, who were envious of his success, and who. after exhausting every other known strate gy in an effort to arrive at a sure plan whereby they might have him “put out ol the way,” hit upon the diabolical plot to use .a female to entrap him. There is no doubt that Colbert will stop r:— "and cuunt before he tries to befriend anoth er white female. It is a dangerous business in this country for Negroes to offer any sort of assistance to white women. The reason -it is dangerous is not due so much to the hatred that white men bear for Negroes as it is to the lack of culture and true virtue in some white females. There are many white women who will join hands with un scrupulous white men in plots to bring dis grace and even death to respectable colored men; and they only await an opportunity to become tools of these devils in human form. The best thing for Negro men to do is to turn a deaf ear to all pleas for assistance coming from white women, especially younr, ones, unless they know them to be of high character and unimpeachable reputation. It is far better to be stony-hearted than it is1 to run the risk of frying in the electric chair. T. C. Colbert will tell you that. And let us not forget that Kipling was right when he said that the female of the species is more deadly than the male. Re membering this, reputable Negro men will be wary in their dealings with the female sex of the white race. -0O0 Ail Unhappy Lot THE PICTURE of living standards in the South, as painted by Dr. Will W. Alex ander, head of the Farm Security adminis tration, as depressing as it was, does not do real justice to the deplorable conditions un der which most of the Negro population oi that benighted section are forced to live. And not only are Negroes forced to live un der conditions of low standard, but the poor whites, in many instances, live under con ditions even worse than those by which Ne ^ groes are victimized. We might well say. for the sake of truth, that the South is a hinterland of poverty, degradation, ignor ance, intolerance, bigotry, greed, slothful ness, filth, inopportunity, and abiding death, insofar as life concerns a large majority of its population of a class not even equal to that of serfs in certains countries of Europe. If the South has any regard for human ^ nature—if it has any thought for the health of its teeming hordes of poverty-stricken workers, it is not discernible in any meas ures taken to safeguard the poor tenant and the poor urban dwellers, most of whom have not even decent shelters over their heads In most of the urban centers, sanitary facil ities are little known—only the so-called “better classes” enjoy the convenience of modern plumbing. Saturday nights in the homes of the poor find the family wash tub the only vessel that can be brought into use for body cleansing. “Privies,” usually lo cated about fifty feet from the l’esidenoe, with open vaults, often mere holes dug m the earth, where flies breed prolifically in ► the disposal, are common sights in the city sections occupied by Negroes and poor whites. All manner of diseases, especially typhoid fever, have their genesis in these filthy privies, and the miracle is that the mortality rate is no higher than it is at present. In the rural districts, while the poor are not cursed with the disease-breeding "out houses,” they are, nevertheless, the victims of poor housing and undernourishment. The diet of a Negro farmer’s family, and that of the poor whites, is but little better than that upon which the most unfortunate slave ex isted during the dark ages of human slav ery. Yet, the people live, and we wonder how. Even the beasts of the field have bet ter fare than do some of the poor farmers whose task it is to feed them. The cause of all of this is that greed and fraud has been, and still is, the consuming passion of the landowners and those who have grown wealthy upon the unrequited toil of the submerged group. A lack of ap preciation of the humanity in man, and a desire to bestiaiize all others for the sake of one’s own enrichment has so dulled the con cept of right and justice, that the South cannot render itself other than the capital cf misery and the citadel of a most degrad ed state of existence yet known to modern civilization, despite the munificence of the northern states with which that section has been showered in the last few decades. -0O0 ' Youth and Taverns TAVERNS came in for a large share of the blame for the 'present high rate ol delinquency among our present-day youth in this city, when a group of earnest and well-meaning citizens held a meeting at which this important subject was discussed recently. We agree with these interested leaders in many of their conclusions, but we do not see clearly enough, perhaps, to cast the greater part of the blame for our present youthful crime wave upon the spots whose business it is to dispense spiritous li quors. And yet, we know that liquor, in its various sorts, has contributed nothing to the building of character in individuals. However, liquor, like fire, will not injure the one who never gets too close to it. And most of our delinquent youths are not in ebriates. If the moral breakdown of the youth of today is due to liquor, which is sold in the numerous taverns scattered over the city, the places themselves are not near ly so much to blame as are the adults who make it possible for the youth to possess funds with which to purchase the demoral izing liquid. Let it be understood that we hold no brief for taverns or other liquor dispensing establishments; but our conten tion is that we, as adults, are shirking our duty somewhere, in regard to the proper training of our youth. “Train up a child in the way he SHOULD go” is as powerful a recipe for building up right citizens today as it was in the days it was spoken by the wise man. The duty of properly training our children rests square ly upon our shoulders as parents and adults. -oOo Jekyl-Hyde Comedy W’E OFTEN marvel at the hypocrisy ot so-called Negro leaders. It appears to us that very often many of our “great” leaders are mere actors in Jekyl-Hyde com edies, because, as a matter of truth, they preach one- thing, then practice just the op posite. In this connection we were impress ed by a stirring editorial in a certain Negro weekly, in which the writer pleaded for more employment opportunities for Negroes, after citing the unfairness of whites in re fusing to employ colored people in larger numbers. Yet—you’ll have to believe it— the publication in which this editorial ap peared is printed by union white labor linotyping, presswork, make-up, etc. And that, despite the fact that the Negro race has, today, many, many idle craftsmen. And that reminds us that, for years, cer tain other Negro publications, who blatant ly asserted that they were fighting for Ne groes, and whose subscription income came almost wholly from our racial group, em ployed white craftsmen at high salaries, to set, make-up, print and mail out the pub lished product, notwithstanding the fact that hundreds of Negro craftsmen needed work. But the worst is yet to come. After an in dignant clientele had so earnestly insisted on the employment of colored workmen, these same Negro publications put on Negro forces, but—and can you believe it?—they set a wage scale for craftsmen of their own group at about half the wage paid to their former white employes doing the same and even less work than that required of the Negro workmen. It all seems so comical—no; so tragic! And we have mentioned these as typical in stances cf the manner in which Negro busi ness treats its Negro employees. What makes our Negro leaders and business people en joy playing character roles in Jekyl-Hyde ccmedies? Why do they appeal for Negro support—why point out the duty of the Ne gro to be loyal to their leaders, when these ' same leaders betray the group in the most traitorous fashion imaginable? Why, why, why? Please do tell us! -0O0 W’E SOMETIMES think that economic weakness counts for more against Ne groes than does his complexion. We believe that Booker Washington’s idea of “get something, be something and have some thing” will, if carried out, prove far more effective in raising the general status of the Negro than any other of the many panaceas thus far offered. Abandonment of negative and antipathetic methods and the adoptior of positive and productive practices wil mean more in the long run. KELLY MILLER WRITES. POPULAR ELECTION IN AMERICA AND IN GERMANY Adolph Hitler claims that his regime represents the most genu ine Democracy on the face of the earth. In three successive elec tions he has submitted his poli cies to the arbitrament of the popular vote, which has been ap proved by a greater popular vote than has been given to any ad ministration since the foundation of our democratic government, ft is not fair to claim that Hit ler overrides the majority by might and leaves them no choice but to support himself and his program. When he first began to run for office he was defeated again and again, and only ga ned he upper hand after repeated failure and fresh start. Adolph Hitler, like other fana tics of h'story, has hynotized the German people with charm and spell under which they are con strained to do his bidding and up hold his degrees. They love to do his will more passionately than did the Hebrew of old the Lord. Nazism, notwithstanding its unanimous popular approval, cannot claim to represent true Democracy until the people have recovered from the delirium and frenzy of defeat anH H'snair and sufficiently regained their sobriety as to contemp.du; tne muex re gime, in the light of calm and so ber deliberation. In the meantime we might pause to consider a comparison of methods and results of popular elections as conducted by a De mocracy in America and a Dicta torship in Germany. After our politicians have exhausted every device known to political ingenu ity to arouse the populace to the importance and necessity of regis tering their wills at the polls scarcely s xty per cent of our eli gible voters ever register and vote. On the other hand, Hitler’s appeal to patriotic duty brings to the polls all but one hundred per cent of the eligible German elec torate. Seventy million Germans under a dictatorship cast a larger popular vote than a hundred and twenty-six million Americans un der a democracy. Millions of the American electorate are self-dis franchised through indifference and neglect; there are no shirkers in Germany. Frequently in America each po lit'cal party threatened the na tion with dire calamity unless it is continued or restored to pow er. A‘ distinguished President of the United States indulged in the direful prediction that grass would be growing in the middle of the streets of our most popular cities, should the electorate choose his adversary instead of himself, to guide the helm of state. The per suasion or threat of Hitler is more effective than that of the Demo cratic leaders. There is no charge of corrup tion in the German election, only that the will of the people was overborne by the compulsion of a powerfully surcharged personal ity. On the other hand, twenty million dollars was spent in the last election to influence, purchase or corrupt the American electo rate, if we are to believe the charge which our rival political parties hurl at the head of each other. In Germany there is but one party; in America the con tending rivals accuse each other of every form of corruption and sin. Germany ruthlessly eliminates Jew’s who constitute one per cent of the nation from the franchise without apology or shame. Theo retically American political pro cedure operates without regard to race, creed or color. And yet we manage by evasion or denial of law to disfranchise a greater proportion of the American elec torate on account of race and col or than Hitler does on account of race and creed. Comparisons are odious. The German kettle and the American pot may indulge in the duel of mutual recrimination without edification of either. Whatever charge you may hurl at the head of Hitler on account of ruthlessness towards the Jews is easily off-set by the retort, you lynch Negroes in America. The basis of true Democracy is contained in the doctrine laid down in the Declaration of Inde pendence—“that all Governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed.” This consent is arrived at through pop ular election, in which all the people, not some of the people, must participate on equal terms. Both America and Germany have far to go before they reach this ideal of Democracy. Calvin’s Digest By FLOYD J. CALVIN “RUN OUT OF HARLEM” “Unscrupulous landlords, mer chants and industrialists must be run out of Harlem. Not only are they racketeering on every citi zen in this community, but they are also deterimental to every honest Harlem merchant.” The source of the above quo tation, published on the first page of a Harlem newspaper, under the signature of the editor, is dis closed in this second quotation from the same signed article: “The future of Harlem depends upon our cooperative efforts. Fully aware of this, the Amster dam News is ready and anxious to help Harlemites get a better deal, so that we can progress in stead of retrogress.” In our eighteen years of con stant observing the Harlem scene, this is the first time we have ever seen so open an appeal to intol erance based solely on color, and so direct an assertion that what is obviously the police power will be usurped by others, in such hiP^lv resnonsible quarters. This writer, as a citizen, resi dent, voter, and business man of Harlem, is opposed to ALL un scrupulous landlords, merchants, etc., whether they be white, brown, yellow, or Negro, but we certainly would not recommend that anybody other than Police Commissioner Valentine be the one to “run them out” of Harlem. One reason Harlem has an ex tra force of mounted police on many corners now is the direct result of this same philosophy in action some two years ago. Near ly a mill'on dollars in property damage came from such a phil osophy, and in that debacle, the INNOCENT (both colored and whi'e) suffered with the guilty. On the other hand, our studied advice to the Harlem public is to watch those who advocate tak ing matters in their own hands. What are THEY doing about the conditions they would improve? The management of the newspa per mentioned above broke all precedents in Negro journalism when it brought in a WHITE man o head up its editorial staff over the heads of Negro editors who had been there for years. They broke journalistic precedents a gain when they brought in a WHITE man to head the adver tising department, in the office. But the management of that newspaper has a variety of inter ests. In another one of their con cerns they employ a WHITE law yer for work in Harlem, while Harlem Negro lawyers are starv ing for work; and they employ other WHITE officials, while there are colored officials of the same class in Harlem who might do the work. Again we quote from the sign ed front page article: “We have been frozen out of job opportuni ties in Harlem mainly because of the lack of cooperation and sound planning by both the Negro lead ers and the white business man.” How true! Harlem will never make real progress until it can find leaders who “practice what they preach.” ALPHA’S NEW JEWELER It was pleasant to note in th*1, last issue of The Sph'nx, official organ of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, that by formal vote a Negro jeweler had been appoint ed official jeweler of the organi zation. The fortunate recipient of the contract is the L’Overture company of New York, headed by Kenneth Lloyd Bright, a Howard man. The appointment of Mr. Bright’s company follows the naming of a Negro as official jeweler of the Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority last year; and it may now be expect ed that other Negro organiza tions, when they have work in the jewelry line, such as pins, buttons banners, and any insig nia, will give the work to Ne gro business concerns. We commend Alpha Phi Alpha for taking this step, and because of the record of Mr. Bright in turning out sat:sfactory orders of class pins for numerous schools, and of service pins for such high ly successful business organiza tion as the Afro-American com pany of Baltimore, we feel sure that only satisfaction will come from the Alpha appointment. “GUIDE RIGHT” In eighty college communities throughout the country, during the week of April 24-30, the Kap pa Alpha Psi fraternity is spon soring meetings, forums, discus sions, and clinics on vocational opportunities, seeking to guide youth aright for the work they are to pursue in later life. The official organ of the frater nity, the Kappa Journal, has is sued a current “Guide R’ght” number, in which the history of this movement, which was started in 1923, is told, and in which high appreciation and support of the movement is expressed by the United States Commissioner of Education. In a special article in this number, “Get Trained for Uncle Sam,” by James E. Scott, mem ber of the Committee of Inter fraternal Cooperation, some val uable po'nters on acquiring spe cial training for increasing jobs under the Federal Government are given. For some time now the Urban League has been stressing the fact that new oppor tunities are opening up in the Civil Service, and it is timely that the subject should be em phasized in a national “Guide Right” campaign. For National Director R. J. Reynolds of Topeka, who is only 32 and a successful lawyer, we wish success in the conduct of this year’s vocational counsels of you’h. al jolson The severity with which the Negro press attacked Al Jolson for his alleged signing a petition which barred colored people from a Los Angeles residential section in which he lived, should be a lesson to other whites who earn fortunes based on the Negro. The race will no longer allow any person or group of persons to hu miliate it without severe castiga tion. I-pTed~tVpe~] — BY THE PIPER — ' V A Column of Humor, Satire and Thought for Everybody JOE LOUIS A child of the masses who learned of his worth And carved his own niche in the land of his birth. Success in full measure he earned from the start Life’s hurdles a pleasure, they form his life chart. Good-will ambassador, favored of Fame Model for youngbloods all, King of the game. Modest he wears his crown, richly deserving it. Such unpretentiousness insures preserving it. Love of his public and thankful to merit praise Just in his dealings and most fair in all his ways Clean in his living, mild-mannered in speech, Considerate of others—that’s something to teach! Not a line here is written for purpose of praise Not a thought is exprsesed that need flinch critic’s gaze. An artist, a craftsman whose work nears perfection, Giving best that he has to his life work se lection. And who could do more, though favored of Fate, Than to strive with stout heart, without ma lice or hate? A man of few words, not a flowered ex pression But single in purpose, and that an obsession. Success is a goal, for which who will not strive, That’s what makes us all kin and keeps us alive. He who would live in ease, lead a life that’s worth while Must resolve to try hard, think that over and smile. Just what is success, just what is ambition: An effort to please, and to gain a position. To reach through one’s effort some praise worthy goal, To benefit mankind, taken all as a whole. To create respect for one’self and one’s race Is what makes our history and carves out our place. It takes time to earn crowns, to build king doms forsooth, But when set upon merit, they last, as does truth. Who would build a dynasty here on this earth Sure needs some assistance, besides his own worth 1 And so as a gift from the gods we may say Comes now Mrs. Louis to star in this play. Chic, debonnair, and just chock full of grace, Quite slender of figure and handsome of face. A product of Bronzeville with plenty of class, A worthy companion, Oh boy, what a lass! So here’s to Joe Louis, the “stuff” is all there, He got it together, he played the game fair. May he reign over a kingdom supreme and for long, The pride of his “subjects,” the theme of their song. —H. J. Sanders. -0O0 ’MEMBER WAY BACK WHEN— Your mother had to pour boiling water in the wooden family’s washtub on Saturday night so the cracks would swell out enough to hold water for the Saturday night bath? You do? Well, you’re really an old-timer, then. -0O0 SO, THERE Suitor: I’m going to tell you the truth, Mabel, you are not the first girl I ever kiss ed. Mabel: And I am going to be just as frank with you. You really need to learn how it is done. ■-0O0 REMEMBER — The bow that is always bent will quickly break; But if unstrung ’twill serve you at your need. So let the mind some relaxation take To come back to its task with fresher head. —Phaedrus. -0O0 BIGGEST CROP ' Neighbor: What did your son learn at the agricultural college? Father: Mostly how to sow plenty of wild oats. -ooo LOSS IS GAIN Brown: Did your son pass all his exams in college? Green: No. His answers were so terrible that the professors sold them to the funny papers. Brown: Too bad. Green: Too bad nothing! Why the profes sor split with him fifty-fifty and they botfl had enough out of it to pay expenses for the rest of the year. -0O0 And then there is wise old Uncle Jimmy who says the only thing he knows that will keep a woman from having the last word is her echo. KEEPING HEALTHY — By T. JONATHAN COLE, M. P RHEUMATISM AND ARTHRITIS (Continued from last week) Chronic arthritis is the disabl ing disease which deforms limbs and joints of older persons. Many people will have relatives who suffer from some degree of this disease and it is worth their while to know what may be some of the causes which tend to pro duce arthritis as they grow old er. Among the first of them is heredity. There seems to be a distinct trend toward arthritis in some families, less in others. It is apparent that persons from families in wh'eh arthritis has occurred should take extra care of themselves. Much of the he reditary tendency has to do with body build. Heavy thick-set persons have a stronger tendency toward ar hritis than thin per sons, though the disease may fi nally reduce them to a condition far below normal weight. A mong other influences is infec tion of a so-called hidden type. It is quite possible for an in fection to occur in some part of the body and never become no ticeable enough to call attention to itself, yet at the same time to be slowly feeding poison into the body and injuring the delicate membranes of the joints. Such infections occur about the roots of the teeth when teeth have been killed or filled. They in volve the tonsils, the gall blad der, the sinuses about the nose, the intestines and sometimes the reproductive organs. Often such foci are hard to find. Sometimes when they have been found it is too late to help matters much by getting rid of them; even if further harm is prevented, so much may have al ready been done that it is too late to help the patient. This, of course, is not necessarily a reason why further injury should be permitted, even though no improvement can be promised. In other words, if a patient has had arthritis for years, too much should not be expected from the removal of a focus of infection, even though the removal may be desirable to avoid continuing in jury. Diet is not known to be a cause of arthritis, but its control is important in the treatment of the disease. Modern die4s for ar thritis are not as restricted as was formerly the practice; fruits and vegetables are ordered lib erally, and meat is not always re stricted. It has been recognized that the patient requires a good diet to keep up nutrit’on and build up resistance. Fruits and vegetables are especially impor tant. Because of the chronic charac ter and distressing nature of the disease, victims constantly live in hope that they may find some thing to cure them. This makes them easy preys to quacks, fakers and sellers of useless remedies. Money spent for such useless and hopeless efforts is, of course, not available for real treatment. Justice Black Votes Right By WILLIAM PICKENS The NAACP wins the Joe Hale case, of Paducah, Ky., in which a colored lad was convicted by an all white jury, under the charge of having murdered a white scoundrel who was out “hunting” colored women in the colored people’s section of the town. The evidence was circumstantial,— consisting chiefly of the fact that one of the women accosted by the “hunter”, was a woman in whom the colored youth was known to be interested. That is, the jury reasoned this way: This is the Negro who ought to have killed that white man; ergo, he did kill him. Guilty. Judge Black, erstwh'le Ku Kluxer, is said to have voted with the rest of the court that the systematic exclusion of Negroes from juries that try Negroes in validates the decision of the court against that Negro. Some might th nk that this acquiescence of Black in the precedents of the court, which precedents were set long before Black was thought of as a member of the court—some might think, who think in inches, that this vote of Justice Black proves that those who fought him made a mistake. In our judg ment, it justifies those who fought him. Justice Black is a human being: those who were brave and consistent in the fight against having a member of the Klan on the Court, undoubtedly put Hu go Black on the spot and he knows it. Certainly he knows that he is I in no position to go against the whole court and against its re cent precedents in such a case. How ridiculous it would have made him to vote in the nega tive in this case! How it would have fed the fuel of the recent fire that had been kindled under him. Mr. Black may have been a Ku Kluxer, but he has never been an ignoramus. The fight on Black has borne, and will' bear, GOOD FRUIT. Those of us who are wise and have the courage of life in us, will netfer miss a chance to make a fight and the mightiest fight we can make, whenever such case as that of putting a member of a narrow fascist gang on the high est court of the land, or into any other high public office, comes to light. If such a fight fails in its main objective (as it failed in this case to dislodge Black from the Court), it will not fail to make impressions all around, which will last. The fight made against Black has not only helped him toward human grace, but it has helped the appointing power toward greater care and prudence, and it will help all those who ever aspire to membership in the Court, to beware of connection with unlawful or disreputable or ganizations. Long live Hugo Black,—and may those who had the courage to fight his appointment, live much longer! LIFE AS WE LIVE IT By JOHN STUART HILL, I (For the Associated Negro Press) IS THE GREEK LETTER ORGA NIZATION WORTHWHILE? Graduation is close now and the various Greek letter organi zations are beginning to start their rush activities. The ques tion in many parents’ minds is should they let the r children be come affiliated with one of these organizations. I believe that these organiaztions have a very1 definite place in the life of the Negro student. First, they teach the person how to live with peo ple, and this is far more import ant than the educat:on he or she may get out of a book. Regardless of the amount of education that a person may have the main purpose in life is defeat ed if the individual does not know how to get along with people. It would surprise many parents to find out just how serious Ihese; college organ'zations are. They are not made up of socially crazed people. Surely they have their parties which are wholesome and adequately chaperoned than to have them frequent places of an unsavory type. I Many organizations have strin gent rules demanding that their [ pledges devote a specified number of hours to study each day. Oth ers have study tables and super vise the study of their freshmen. Directly within the organization there are study groups which stress the cultural viewpoint. They also have discussion groups on the pertinent problems of the day and the race. The school organization permits the student to learn how to use parliamentary procedure, and to contract the business of the orga nization. His training along this line is invaluable. Fraternity or sorority life does not end with graduation; many times the graduate has had to leave his home town to find em ployment, and go into a strange city. The insignia of his organi zation is often the means of form ing des:rable acquaintances. It also helps him to find his way better. Your son or daughter is not to get the maximum out of college if you do not see that he or she becomes a member of some organizaiton. CURRENT OPINION (From the Washington Post, April 13, 1938) A RIGHT TO BE FLOUTED The United States Supreme Court has set aside the conviction of a Negro found guilty of mur der in Kentucky because the “sys tematic and arbitrary exclusion” of Negroes from jury lists in that state cons'ituted a denial of con stitut onal rights. Under these circumstances the court concluded that the defendant had not been given a fair trial. This decision is on all fours with the one handed down by the court some years ago in the case of one of the Scottsboro defend ants. The response in that case, so far as the Alabama authori ses were concerned, was imme diate and praiseworthy. Govern I or Graves declared that in Ala bama the decision would be ac cepted and upheld “in letter and in spirit.” It has been. Some other states which had practiced exclusion of Negroes from juries also took the cue. Apparently Kentucky was re m:ss in its duty in this particular. That state continued indefensible racial discriminations. But the intent of the Supreme Court to crack down on such practices which do violence to democratic principles and constitutional rights is now unmistakable. Once again the highest tribunal of the land is living up to its tradition as a bulwark of American liberties. If states still excluding Negroes from jury service expect to have their law enforcement efforts up held in the Federal courts, they had better get into step with this liberal interpretation.