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5r r m t q A BETTER PAPER ylL IN 1 J at less cost At AH Newt standi Volume 30, Number 26 TELEPHONE P»OU. 7002 SUNDAY, JUNE 25, 1939 __ _ _ IN TWO SECTIONS: SECTION ONE ' . A. —.— -—— ---—-T ----- TOD A Y’S TALK GRADUATES* FUTURE ★ j Ey MARCUS A. MAHONE i nnHiG is the season for the sweet JL boy and girl graduates to emerge from the mere or less cloistered life of the colleges and a veritable malestrom of prob lems, struggles, uncertainties, and disappointments. There will be some who will, as always, come through with flying colors—who will acquit themselves honorably and creditably. There will be others, whose number will be legion, who will be lost in the activities of a work a-day world, who will discover, all too sadly, that they were not and are not prepared to attack the problems, nor withstand the strug gles and perforce must give them selves over to disappointment and bitterness. The casualties among the Ne gro youth will be too high! Much too high: Too many educated Ne gro youths will find themselves in ^ jobs anH employments which make no demand on their intellects — dining car, pullman car, station porters, Federal projects, and oth er static, routine employments will reduce the graduate to little mere than a polished hulk. L However, there is a truly glor ^ ious opportunity to the graduates H. of these perilous and turbulent I times! It is usually in just such times as these that great reforms are inaugurated and tind their roots in soil friendly to their fyj^^growth. We are in need of a ro SHgAk'n m movement that can onlv he O »11:ci and cainci \ > liuil m m bv Oin '-elve-! We n-ril guid :^Re to m1 a w us our .source.-: of ai .1 : ; d.tni c. t,i .-11ww u to e--p.i. them 1 o 1 be ut HKt. gMn this (.tiinncti.m. wo arc rf— H^^Knded of two tiling;:. One i;. Pi Bpjflftor-dscn:.< •O.h'.ediuation of the Jg^PNegro” and Pr. Wa-longlon's ac count of students at Tuskegee in his “Up From Slavery.” In the first, Dr. Woodson very wisely calls attention to the fact that we are peculiarly and disadvantage ous^ situated in the American scene, and that we are in serious need of developing techniques and tools of our very own with which to meet and solve these pecular ities and disadvantages as they manifest themselves in relation ship to our hopes, aims, and as pirations. -—ci In the second, Dr. Washington told of the great difficulty he had in dissuading the early students at Tuskegee from their ideas of pursuing a “classical” course of study which would give them the obvious and appai’ent attributes cf their former masters. It made no difference to them that the “classical” courses which they wanted were divorced from reality and practicality. They wanted the manners and tastes of gentlemen before they learned to earn their daily bread. —n— Something of the same tragedy has persisted even unto this day. We are top heavy with lawyers, doctors, dentists, preachers and professional leaders who don’t lead; Such other notable successes as we have had have been in those callings wherein the competition has been at a minimum—under taking, restaurants, barber shops, etc. Our graduates from the bus iness schools can tell you all a hout the national debt — how it was created, how it can and should be amortized — can tell yor about the work sheets and fcaknee sheets of America’s larg e t corporations and what their fi-cal policies are. Rut—lust you suggest that he go mto the grocery business down on his own corner, or open a but cher shop in his neighborhood, or t snoe shop, or clothing store, or hardware store, or any other kind of store out of which he period ically buys, and you will be mei with a thousand reasons why sue! a thing is unattractive and foi him unthinkable. Today, however, we are pre pared to welcome efforts in tha direction. We are more and more convinced that we’ got to laj Continued on pa* 2, col. £ _ -* BEAUTIFUL BRIDE * —————— MRS. THEODORE JONES, nee Bea Mae Howard, vyliose mar riage to Theodore Jones was solemnized on June 17 at Grace Presbyterian church. DEMANDTFoimi 0 * S DENY BRUTALITY CHARGE _ 4 Charges and denials marked the latest developments in the alleg ed police brutality case which has i rocked the southside since the| death of Dewitt Cannon, property j owner and father of four chidren, in his home at 5247 Prairie ave nue on June 6. Civic organizations, aroused ov er what has been termed a “sec i ond John Robinson” case this 1 week took steps to lay the basis i for criminal prosecution of Of ficers Sylvester Washington and j Jacob Woods, whom they charge with so severely beating Cannon that death was a result. Cannon was arrested by the cf | l'icers on a charge of disorderly conduct on June 2. His trial, set for June 5, at Branch 34, Munic ipal court, was postponed when , the officers were unable to ap pear because of election duty at the polls. It was to be heard June 9 and Cannon was released on bond. He died the next day. Launch Investigation An investigation, occasioned when the family of the deceased charged Officers Washington and Woods with responsibility in Can non’s death, was launched by George F. McCray, executive sec retary of the National Negro Con gress. McCray was supported by Ira Lattimer, secretary of the Chicago Civil Liberties commit tee and Irving Krane, secretary of the International Labor Defense. The latter two organizations led the fight which resulted in the . ouster of two, and the suspension of two other policemen who ad . ministered a brutal beating which - resulted in the death ot John Rob Ccntinued cn page 2, col ILY KELLY HAS HIS TROUBLES Poor Ily Kelly. He has his trouble and you can bet your bottom dollar (not at Keno) he’ll tell you it never rains but what it pours. Ily was hailed into court before Judge Robert C. O'Connell last Thursday morning to explain why he'd failed to dump $700, final payment in his .$6,500 alimony settlement, into the lap of glam orous Jessica Anderson, his form er wife. And Ily explained. It seems that a gang of unsympathetic gunmen had raided his popular gambling emporium, the swank Keno club at 104 E. 51st street, . and helped themselves to $18,000. Judge O'Connell was sympa thetic. He gave Ily one week to scrape up the $700 and make Jes sica happy. CIVIC GROUPS USE BEE’S BROADCAST Civic organizations, welfare I groups and clubs are taking ad vantage of the BEE’S Negro News Broadcasts every day over Radio Station W-H-I-P, to acquaint the public with their program, plans and accomplishments. These broadcasts, which are rapidly gaining in popularity are heard from 1 to 1:15 p. m. every day. Tune in to Station W-H-I-P. Hear what’s doing on the Negro News Front. - r V Scholastic Record Outstanding WASHINGTON, D. C„ June 22 —A visitor in the nation’s capi tal this week was Cadet James D. Fowler, who !s entering his third year as a student at the military academy at West Point. Fowler, the only colored cadet at the m li "■'iv training school, has finished two years’ work and training with credit, and is now taking his first vacation in Washington. The youth, who was appointed to West Point by Congressman Arthur W. Mitchell, Democrat, of . the F rst District of Illinois, July 1, 1937, received his early military training under Colonel II. O. Atwood ui the U. S. army. . His record in mathematics and engineering at the military acad emy has been outstanding. Ostracized First Year Cadet Fowler says his first year at West Point was the hardest. He was ostracized by many of the white students, but stood the grind and has now reached the point where graduation is prac tically assured. He says he has) about overcome all opposition, and many of his best friends arej white boys from the southern states. His visit to the capital,' dressed in the uniform of the academy, attracted much atten tion. Congressman Mitchell recently appointed another colored boy to Went Point. The youth, Robert B. Tresville, Jr., has passed all examinations and requirements, and will begin his course of train ing July 1. Young Tresville’s father is an officer/ in the 24th In fantry. Two Vacancies at Annapolis In an interview a few days ago, Congressman Mitchell told the; BEE he has two vacancies at the ; Naval Academy at Annapolis, i He cited the extifcme difficulty! in finding qualified colored youth interested in taking the course at Annapolis, where the literary re quirements are more stringent ,■ than at West Point. , Entrance requirements state' that applicants, in addition to be- ! ing a high school graduate of high standing, must have at least one year’s training in a Class A col lege majoring in mathematics. Congressman Mitchell stated. i Two Hurt in Head-On Crash i Wash. Park Two women were injured in a i head-cn collision in the south drive near 52nd1 street in Wash ington Park Saturday evening. The victims, passengers in the ears involved, were Mrs. Jessie Riggins, 2585 Van Buren, Gary, i Ind., and Mrs. Rose Harper, 3648 Wentworth avenue. Both were taken to Provident hospital for treatment. i Mrs. Riggins was riding in a car driven by George Fields, also of Gary. Fields was driving south in tlie park drive when he becamo confused, police stated, trying to avoid an accident with another [car and swerved into the north | lane. | Fields' car crashed head with one driven north by Leon Harper, husband of the other vic tim. Mrs. Harper suffered a se vered tendon of the right hand and bruises. Mrs. Riggins sustain ed contusions of the scalp and chest and a badly lacerated right eye. > i Point Lambert Says Ward Bosses to Blame for Vice Blaming ward committeemen for the prevalence of vice and gambling in the southside dis tiicts, George W. Lambert, civic leader, also charged “the men higher up” with responsibility iri the lact that policy wheels run day and night without fear of le gal interference. Lambert declared that the com mitteemen control the police be cause “they elect the aldermen, he sheriff, the mayor and the judges.” He pointed out that the "committeeman receives no sal ary, and the graft is sufficient. "On 38 policy wheels,” Lambert charged, “one committeeman re ceived $250 a week and from 1 1 handbooks $150 a week.” Lambert’s charges were made before 50 representatives of com munity groups on the southside, meeting to perfect plans in a cru ■■ ade to clean up the policy game racket. The meeting was called to review a two-and-one-half year survey of gambling and to form .a. committee to take steps toward bringing the condition to the attention of a federal grand iury. • BALTIMORE, Md., June 22— With members of his band acting as honorary pallbearers, funeral services for William “Chick" j Webb, king of drummers, were j held here Tuesday from Waters j A. M. E. church on Aisquith street. The grand little maestro of swing died in John Hopkins hos pital where he was undergoing Lre'atment for a kidney and spine ailment. He was 32 years old. The chapel of Waters A. M. E. : 1'hurch was crowded to overflow- i ng as fellow musicians, friends j and admirers of the little news- j aoy who rose to heights as one of | he music world's most outstand ng drummers, paid tribute to j lis memory. Ella Fitzgerald, i tvho was carried by him on the j apbeat to jazz-band fame, came I from Montgomery, Ala., to sing | ner last song for him. Manager at Rites Among +he hundreds who filed past his bier were his manager, I Moe Gale; Charlie Buchanan, manager of the Savoy ballroom, [lew York; Miss Fitzgerald and the entire Chick Webb orchestra. ' Webb is survived by his widow, Mrs. Sallie Webb; a mother, Mrs. Helen Webb; three sisters,! grandmother and several aunts and uncles. The Webb-Fitzgerald combina tion was one of swing's trade marks. Together Chick and Ella composed “A Tisket, A Tasket". They were featured cm the radio and made scores of records—her voice and his band. The alliance began six years ago. Pays Salary Himself When Chick decided he needed a vocalist, he heard Ella on an Apollo amateur night program in Harlem and tried to get his man ger to sign her. This manager \v is rmt impressed with the gaw ky, 16-year-old orphan who then knew I ttle about dressing or •making herself agreeable to s'rangers, so he refused. Accordingly, Chick signed her. raying her what he could out of hi own salary, and bought her t o frocks. Within two weeks e ua: such a sensation at the S. v oy that Chick’s manager asked her to sign a contract. i Color Bar Passed By JOS. W. ROLLINS Rockford, Til., June 22 — Dis crimination was routed here when ; the Veterans of Foreign Wars and Militaiv Order of Cooties met in a three-day encampment June 17. 18 and 19. The time-worn pre- j cedent of segregation in public places was abolished when color- ; eci delegates were admitted and took active parts in all sessions j held in Rockford’s most exclusive hotels, the Faust and Lafayette. The Major Charles L. Hunt Post No. 2024, Veterans of For eign Wars, were represented by Commander Eugene P. Frierson, and delegates and alternates John ' Harris, Frederick E. Franklin, j William Holman. Jr.. Otho Kerr,, Albert C. Blue, Earl W. King, Earl Wilson and Joseph W. Rol lins. The State encampment will meet in Waukegan, 111., in June of 1940. Notables at Meet All business sessions were held in the grand ballroom of the Faust hotel. Cootie headquarters were in the Lafayette hotel. A mong the notables attending were Robert B. Handy, National Adju tant General of the V. F. W.; Dr. Joseph C. Mendez, National Jun ior Vice Commander; William J. Grace. Department Commander of Illinois. Col. William J. Warfield, of the State Legislature, and commander of Illinois’ Eight Infantry, was un able to attend because of legis lative matters which prevented him from leaving Springfield. Col onel Warfield is a member of Hunt Post and Monkey Mountain Pup Tent, Military Order of Coo ties. Military Parade Highlight The highlight of the encamp ment was the huge military pa Continued on page 2, col. 1 H. U. Alumni Calls Quits in Johnson Fight ___• WASHINGTON, June 22—De- | termined to work for harmony a rnong themselves and the un'ver sity administration, Howard uni vers'ty alumni at their annual meeting at the university Thurs day, preceding commencement day, decided to end the long drawn out fight against Dr. Mor deeai W. Johnson. The decision, of the alumni fol lowed a speech delivered by Isaac Nutter, Atlantic City lawyer, main speaker at the four-hour meeting, j; Nutter urged the alumni to work in harmony with the present ad- I ministration for the good of the I university. < Among the resolutions passed < was one which requested that | < Howard's board of trustee mem- < bersh'p be increased from three ; <■ to six, three of the new members ( to be selected one each from North, West and East. The other , three are to be elected at large. 1 Dr. Greeley Brown of New Jer-;[ sey was elected general president > of the General Alumni associa- 1; Iron. : I Tree Uprooted In Storm, Falls; i; Woman Killed i' A freak accident claimed the ( life of Miss Nitner Thomas, 25.'. of 139 E. 55th steet Friday after-if noon. Miss Thomas was instantly f killed when tree in front of the: Indiana Avenue A. M. E. church j at 5600 Indiana avenue, was up- j rooted during a windstorm, fall- j ing on her. j Tiie woman’s body was crushed v beneath its branches. She was j pronounced dead at Provident hospital. An examination of the I1 tree showed it was almost com- j; pletely rotted throughout, break- , ing off close to the base. j) Miss Thomas, witnesses said,'s was walking north when the ac- A cident occurred. The woman's . body lay at Provident hospital un- ■ til Saturday morning when it was y identified by a.-i aunt, Mrs. Julia Gray of 5636 Prairie avenue. ^ WEST POINTER VISITS D. C. j! \ 1 I ( JAMES D. FOWLER, of Chicago, 111., the only Negro cadet in th * I'nited States Military Academy at West Point, N. V., is shown at ; the capital during his visit to Washington, D. C. With Cadet Fow - ; ler, who is in his third year at W’est Point, are Lieut.-t’ol. H. O. At wood, l,'. S. A., left, and Representative \rthur Mitchell of Illinois, j who appointed the cadet to the academy. (I. N. Photo), i 4/IH SIKEEI Suspect Vanishes After Slaying Recommending that police insti tute a diligent search to appre hend Jerome Butler for the mur der of James Hayes, 56, of 3525 Federal street. Deputy Coroner j George Proctor closed the coro ner's investigation into the slay ing at Brown’s morgue, Wednes day morning. Hayes’ body was found back stage at the Apollo theatre, 526 E. 47th street Tuesday at 6 p. m. He had been brutally beater* about the head and face, his Dody trussed up with rope and hidden behind theatrical props. The body was discovered by William Crabtree, brother-in-law of the deceased, and assistant manager of the theatre. Hayes had been dead about two hours, police stated. There were no witness es’. Suspect Disappears Suspicion pointed to Butler, believed to have bee: the last person to s« ■ the slain man alive, when he vani.-hed front the the atre around 5 M-.ck Tu -j^a^ leaving no trace as to his where abouts. The motive 'or the slay ing is not known. Crabtree told poTce he report ed to work about 4:10 p. m., and met Butler preparing to leave the theatre. He stated he asked him where Hayes was and received the information that his brother-in law had left the theatre with a ‘tall, dark-brown-skinned man. Iriving a Model A Ford” about 2 Teloek. Butler, Crabtree stated, said the watchman told him he was go ng downtown. He also stated the suspect acted as helper to Hayes who, in addition to h's watchman duties, also performed janitor’s work at the theatre. Discovers Body Butler left the theatre shortly afterwards, Crabtree stated. A ound 5:30 he went backstage to turn on the lights. He sensed ■ometliing was amiss, he declared, when he discovered that the watchman's dog, usually kept tied n the rear of the theatre, was n’ssing. In his search for Hayes’ dog, r’rabtree said he not'ced blood stains behind the stage, leading o some pictures which had been vsed for theatrical purposes. In vestigating. he discovered the igert man’s body stuffed behind them. He was bleeding from a wound in the scalp, and his body lad been tied up with ropes. Death resulted from a fractured ■luill. it was reported. Dr. L. Reddick Named to N. Y. Library Post NEW YORK. .June 22—(ANP) -The New York pubi c library, through its chief of circulation, Franklin F. Hopper, has announc ed the appointment of Dr. Law rence D. Reddick to the position of curator of the division of Ne gro literature and history, locat- J^k cd in the 135th street ! rat ; h ,t ^^1 which Ernestine Rose lib . ian. A native of Jackson\ lie. Fla., Dr. Reddick was graduated from Fisk university in 1932, ;i reived his M. A. from the same institution in '35; and has this year received the degree of doctor of philoso phy in history from Chicago uni versity. Before going to Chicago, he served as instructor in history at » Kentucky State college, Frank fort; and associate professor of history at Dillard university, New Orleans. He has also been asso ciated with the Journal of Negro H:story as assistant editor. Mr. Reddick will report on Au gust 1 to take over this important position in the library system of New York City, which was for merly held by the late Arthur A. Schomberg.