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Sunday Chicago bee. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1925-19??, September 01, 1940, SECTION TWO, Image 9

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SFCTTON i C HICAGO SUNDAY, BEE cwi*
.tantly improving, with no advance in
SPORTS- AMUSEMENTS price, * Chicago*. higge.t new. bar
JUNIOR DEPT. - EDITORIALS fM
FEATURES -HOMETOWN ***■•
Volume 31, Number 3S SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1940 __1ft TWO SECTIONS: SECTION TWO
fill 11
Will Not Become
Labor Unit
BOSTON, Aug. 29—(ANP)—
The 372nd Rifle Infantry, Third
Battalion of the Massachusetts
National guard. Major Alexander
Davis in command, will, accord
ing to recent published statements,
trained for one year with the
26th (Yankee division) unit here
in the East at the Atlantic Cane
training reservation which is ca
pable of holding 50,000 troops.
Don’t Believe Rumor
There appears to be no belief
among the Massachusetts militant
Neero officers that their crack
battalion will ever become a la
bor unit and there is at le^st one
known case where the war de
partment has been asked to make
the 372nd an entire New England
regiment, with units at Boston,
Providence, Springfield, and
Hartford.
The 372nd at present is wide
ly separated while, the New York
369th and Chicago 370th are
compact regimental units.
Up until a few years ago, it
was expected that the 369th,
370th and 372nd might provide
the nucleus for a Negro division.
Today with these units being
changed from rifle regiments to
artillery and other more spe
cialized branches, some observ
ers see the formation of separate
Negro units attached to white
units on the order of the old
French colonial plan. This will
eliminates any complete Negro
jtrmv set-up or any reestablish
rnmt of the Negro division ex
periments of 1917. It would also
fit in with expected colonial ex
pansion of this nation.
Just whether those observers
are correct and whether Negro
units will only reach the strength
of separate regiments, time only
will tell.
NURSES TO
AID NATL
DEFENSE
NEW YORK CITY, Aug. 29—
(ANP)—A conference to discuss
a national survey of nurses and
other defense plans recently call
ed bv the American Nurses As
sociation, has resulted in forma
tion of the Nursing Council of
National Defense, this council to
be representative of all national
nursing organizations and ser
vices.
Organizations comprising the
council ai’e: American Nurses As
sociation, National League of
Nursing Education, National Or
ganization for Public Health
Nursing, Association of Colle
giate Schools of Nui’sing, Nation
al Association of Colored Gradu
ate Nurses, American Red Cross,
Army Nurse Corps, Navy Nurse
Corps, United States Public
Health Nursing Service, the Vet
erans Administration and the
Nursing Service on Indian Af
f ail’s.
The nurses who will represent
the National Association of Col
ored Gi’aduate Nurses on the
Council ax*e: Mrs. Frances Foulkes
Gaiixes of Chicago, president, and
Mrs. Mable K. Staupers of New
York, executive secretary.
Mayor LaGuardia
Outlaws Forty
Lurid Magazines
NEW YORK, Aug. 29—(C)—
In a blunt warning against the
sale of lurid literature on the
newsstands of New York City,
Mayer F. H. LaGuai’dia yesterday
outlawed 40 magazines among
which was the Harlem Tattler,
published at 2247 7th avenue.
Speaking in the presence of the
40 publishers and distributors
and newsstand dealers that he
summoned to the Summer City
Hall, the Mayor threatened to
put out of business distributors
who attempted by coercive meth
ods to force dealers to take these
indecent magazines.
Said the Mayor, “I am not go
ing to tolerate no monkey busi
ness . . . you are not going to
d’stribute filth and smut in New
York, at least, not in the next 18
months ’’ (The Mayor’s term ex
pires Dec. 31, 1940).
SPEAKER
REP. CHARLES J. JENKINS
who addressed the American
Negro Exposition Wednesday
evening. The subject of Mr.
Jenkins’ speech was “A Chi
cago Pioneer of the Eighteenth
Century Shakes Hands with the
Pioneers of Today in Our iCity.”
KLANS, BUNDS
NEVER AGREE
SAYS KKK HEAD
ATLANTA, Aug. 29—(ANP) In
the wake of the widespread pu
blicity given last week’s “Ameri
canization" rally sponsored by the
Ku Klux Klan and hel$ in a New
Jersey German-American Bund
camp, James A. Colescott, Klan
imperial wizard, pooh-poohed the
idea of any merger of the two
organizations.
Such a merger, he said, “could
n’t be achieved any more than
one with Communists and Ne
groes.” He said he thought hold
ing the New Jersey rally at the
bund camp was “a grievous mis
take” but that he had approved
it after learning the Klan would
have complete control over the
program.
Colescott said the Klan had
“denounced the bund and oppos
ed it for years and had urged
congress to dissolve it.” He con
tinued: “It would be suicide for
anyone to attempt to ally the
Klan and the bund. At least 95
per cent of the Klan membership
would resign if such an attempt
were made.”
152 Recruits
Leave Philly
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 29—
(ANP)—One hundred and fifty
two young Philadelphians left here
last week for Fort Bragg, N. C.,
this area’s contribution to the new
76th Coast Artillery, anti-aircraft
unit, now being formed and com
posed of Negro personnel.
The enlistment of the youths
took place over the past four
weeks, with different agencies
helping. No public announce
ment was made until the entire
number of men wanted had been
enrolled.
The recruits took their oath be
fore the Soldiers and Sailors
monument in Fairmont park with
members of the Veterans of For
eign Wars and American Legion
present. The unit will be com
pleted with men from other sec
tions of the country.
5 WHITES
HELD FOR
WHIPPING
SPARTANBURG, S. C., Aug.
29—(ANP)—Five white men were
placed under $2,500 bonds each
last week to await preliminary
hearings on charges that they
donned masks and disguises on
July 13 and Hogged four Negro
tenant farmers on the Sam Snod
dy farm near here.
The five, J. George Sher
bert, 46, Earl Porter, 34, Ed Wat
son, 27, and Andrew Bennett, 32,
were arrested after a four week
investigation. The reported vic
tims said they were dragged from
their homes by their assailants,
carried several miles and flogged
with a leather strap.
NEGRO INFANTRY IN
ARIZONA CONTRIBUTES
$170 TO N. A. A. C. P.
NEW YORK, Aug. 29—Mem
bers of the 25th United States
400 FLOOD
REFUGEES
HOMELESS
TILLERY, N. C., Aug. 29—(AN
P)—More than 400 farmers, their
wives and children, residents of
the Roanoke Farm development
of the Farm Security Adminis
tration, were in a desperate plight
lest week after the Roanoke river
had inunduated their homes and
swept away most of their belong
ngs.
Having been rescued by WPA
emergency workmen in flat-bot
tomed scows, scores of men, wo
men and children walked down
the dirt roads carrying what they
could of their belongingssh—eet
bags, half-drowned chickens,
small pieces of furniture. Strand
ed families had been taken from
roof tops, trees, and whatever
solid land they could find.
Victims Dazed
L. L. McLendon, manager of the
F. S. A. farms, said there were
some 600 persons on the govern
ment-maintained and private
farms in the flood areas. There
were 25 on the Walker tract, 25
on the Pope farm, 50 on the Wal
lace-Hines, 50 on the Doggest.
tract, and almost 500 resettlement
and and independent areas.
Huddled on marshy strips of
land most of the flood victims
seemed dazed. They were quiet
and orderly, and many were pray
ing for help. Hungry and miser
able they waited. Future unem
ployment and rehabilitation is
the problem faced by the flood
I stricken areas.
PROPHESIES
DR. ALAIN LOCKE, profes
sor of Philosophy at Howard
university, told Phi Beta Sigma
members attending a smoker
here that this country will no“
doubt pass through a brief peri
od of fascism in the near fu
ture.” _
Plan Nationwide
Bathing Beauty
Contest in 1941
ATLANTIC CITY, Aug. 29—
(By L. D. Wright, for ANP) —
Plans are being made, it was
learned this week, for a nation
wide, all-colored bathing beauty
contest to be held here next Sum
mer. Agencies sponsoring the
idea are the convention and pub
licity committee, the bureau of
the Board of Trade and the leg
islative department of the Nation
al Beauty Culturists’ League.
During the conventions of the
State and National beauty cul
ture associations held here in Au
gust a bathing beauty party was
given with marked success and
out of it came the idea of the
beauty contest. The local con
vention committee and Mrs.
Marjorie S. Joyner, former
league president met to discuss
preliminary plans and announc
ed the contest will be held during
July, 1941.
All state and territorial units of
the NBCL will compete, it was
stated, and the group is consid
ering the possibility of participa
tion in the contest by business
organizations of the various cit
ies.
Infantry, comprising Negro sol
diers stationed at Fort Huachuca,
Arizona, have turned over $170
in membership subscriptions to the
National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People,
William Pickens, director of N. A.
A. C. P. branches announced here
this week.
PROGRESSIVE
WALTER M. DAWSON, only
member of the International
Brotherhood of Electrical Work
ers of the World, and ai> em
ployee of the Sargent Engin
eering company, who will be
come maintenance electrician
for the Bedford Dwellings and
Terrace Village in Pittsburgh
when his present contract ex
pires. The husband of Mary
Cardwell Dawson, president of
the National Musicians’ Asso
ciation, Mr. Dawsor. recently
accompanied his wife to Chi
cago to attend the association
convention. —
(ANP PHOTO)
Ace Electrician
Appointed to
Housing Project
PITTSBURGH, Pa., Aug. 29—
(ANP)—Walter M. Dawson, only
Negro member of the Internation
al Brotherhood of El-ctrica’i Work
ers and only race employe of the
Sargent Engineering company here,
has been appointed maintenance
electrician for Bedford Dwellings
and Terrace Village, new Federal
Housing projects, it was announc
ed last week.
Grouped with' the topmost rank
ing electrical engineers, with a
rating of 91 under Civil Service
status, Mr. Dawson is described
by electrical authorities as one of
the outstanding electricians in
the country. He has been em
ployed in his field by the Ameri
can Woolen company, the Pullman
Manufacturing company, and as
chief division electrician for the
Northern Pacific Railroad.
Born in Fort Valley, Ga., Mr.
Dawson became interested in elec
tricity when he helped his father
operate a coal chute for the Cen
tral of Georgia Railroad. His
early education received in Geor
gia, he later attended the Haw
ley Electrical Engineering school,
Boston, and the Massachusetts In
stitute of Technology. Married,
he is the husband of Mary Card
well Dawson, president of the Na
tional Association of Negro Mu
sicians.
BRITISH SEAMEN
WANT HOME FOR
THEIR CHILDREN
Seeking Aid Of
Negroes Here
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 29—(A
NP)—Thirty colored British sea
men, waiting here for orders last
week told of their wives and chil
dren in Cardiff, Wales, and asked
if there is not something colored
Americans can do to help evacu
ate their children to safety from
the bomb-peppered regions of
Britain.
Former Nigerians, natives of
Sierra Leone, the West Indies and
(South America, these men, to
gether with several Malayans,
have lived in Britain as long as
40 years, have married into the
native stock, and have made their
living on the sea.
Some of them had seen the ac
tual bombing of English ports,
one was an air raid warden at
home. While they all expressed
surety that England would ulti
mately be victorious, they also
revealed that, so far, only a few
children have been sent out of the
country, and most of these to weal
thy American families from well
to-do British families.
The men cannot be quoted as
individuals, since anything may
be a violation of law these days,
but they told a little of life in
Wales.
“We are all members of the
British Trade unions, get medical
care through the established med
ical service of Britain; our child
ren go to the same schools as any
one else, although in Cardiff there
have been attempts to set up sep
arate schools. i
Girls Can’t Find Work
“Our boys go to sea, largely,
but our girls have had difficulty
finding work in factories. Most of
the jobs open to them are domes
tic, but now that war has boosted
all industries several of them are
getting more opportunities. The
domestic work means small pay
and the girls must sleep in at
nights.”
When they arrived and when
they would leave, the men could
not tell, because of war regula
tions, but they seemed waiting to
man ships back to the war zone.
They have already crossed the
mines of the North Sea several
times, but have “nothing unusual”
to report.
If there is any organization
that would like to learn more how
they can help our children, the
men gave the address of H. Mc
Connell, secretary, the iColonial
Defense association, Angelina and
Moriah streets, as the person to
write.
DON’T FAIL TO HEAR—
BEE’s weekly Radio Forum.
Tune in Tues., 1:15 p. m., WHIP
1480 on your dial.
NATIONAL BAR ASSOCIATION
ANNOUNCE 11 POINT PROGRAM
± - - - -■ -
ST. LOUIS, Aug. 29—(ANP)—
Atty. S. R. Redmond, president
of the National Bar Association,
last week announced the follow
ing program of 11 objectives
which the association plans to
accomplish during the year ending
Aug. 7, 1941:
1. Publication of a law journ
al.
2. To obtain increased repre
sentation for Negro lawyers on
the state and federal judiciary
and on the legal staffs of federal,
state, county, and city prosecu
tors, to insure the impartial ad
ministration of justice.
3. Establishments of local free
legal aid bureaus to assist those
without funds.
4. Closer cooperation between
the National Bar Association and
other organizations whose object
ive is to promote the welfare of
Negroes.
5. Abolition of discrimination
by all federal and state agencies.
6. To wage a vigorous campaign
in every state for equal educa
tional opportunities for Negroes
from the grammar school to the
highest level.
7. Have representation on all
juries in communities where Ne
groes reside.
8. Abolition of discrimination in
public places and with public
funds. _ ___
9. Improvement of the econom
ic and ethical standards of the
bar.
10. Complete integration of the
Negro in the armed forces of the
country.
11. Enactment of legislation to
secure and safeguard civil rights
and repeal of legislation hostile
to Negro welfare.
The association at its annual
meeting in Columbus voted to es
tablish free legal aid bureaus in
every city in the country having
a population of 5,000 or more
Negroes. These bureaus will as
sist indigent persons in both civ
ic and criminal matters. Atty.
Henry J. Richardson, Jr., of In
dianapolis was appointed nation
al director of this department.
The following regional direc
tors were appointed: Attys. Irwin
T. Dortch, Boston; Eunice H.
Carter, New York; Josiah F. Hen
ry, Baltimore; Joseph W. Giv
ens, Pittsburgh; David D. White,
Columbus; Thurman Dodson,
Washington; Daniel W. Ambrose,
Jr., Charleston; S. D. McGill,
Jacksonville; A. A. Latting, Mem
phis; J. R. Booker, Little Rock;
Charles H. Mahoney, Lansing,
Mich.; Richard E. Westbrooks,
Chicago; John A. Davis, St. Louis;
Prentice Thomas, Louisville; Pri
mus C. Wade, Tulsa; and Walter
L. Gordon, Los Angeles.
Seeks Airport
GENERAL SPENCER C. DICK
ERSON, of Chicago, chairman
of the Citizens Committee seek
ing to secure an airport for
Tuskegee Institute, where
youthful Negroes from all over
the nation may receive ad
vanced training. General Dick
erson, former commander of the
8th Illirois National Guard,
who was retired with the rank
of Brigadier General, points out
that unless citizens help with
funds in this campaign to ob
tain adequate facilities for
trainir*j Negro youth in ad
vanced flying, our group may
be left sadly in the rear.
FLAY RUMORS
ABOUT OUSTING
OF THOMPKINS
WASHINGTON, Aug. 29—(AN
UP)—Rumors circulating in and
around Washington to the effect
that Dr. William J. Thompkins
will soon be “out” are not being
received with any credence by
those who follow the political situ
ation.
As one of the opposite party
says, “Perhaps the wish is father
to the thought. Declaring that
Dr. Thompkins split with the New
York faction following the Chi
cago convention has a great deal
to do with it and that “Boss”
Flynn, the new chairman of the
National Democratic party, is lis
tening to the importunings of his
own New Yorkers against Dr.
Thompkins, busy gossipers are
pointing the finger at Dr. Thomp
kins, declaring he is on the way
“out”. Whether that means po
litically or as an . office holder, is
not directly said.
But Dr. Thompkins has politi
cal enemies by the scores, mahy
of whom do not agree with his
method of conducting his affairs
outside of his office. Declaring
that the doctor has a “jim-crow
back door” set up, Negroes who
have power at the polls feel that
his methods are a hindrance to
their welfare and not a help.
Launch Negro
Job Drive In
Defense Plants
NEW YORK, Aug. 29—A na
tionwide campaign to open up
jobs for Negroes in industrial
plants, whose owners have ob
tained billions of dollars in con
tracts from the United States
government to carry forward the
national defense program, was
launched last week by the Na
tional Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored, People.
Branches of the association
throughout the country have been
furnished with lists of plants in
their states that have received
government contracts. Associa
tion members have been urged to
lead the drive in contacting the
plant managers to urge them to
employ Negroes in skilled as well
as unskilled jobs. Robert A.
Weaver, administrative assistant
on the advisory commission, to
the Council of National Defense,
at the request of the N. A. A. C.
P., has furnished the association
with a complete list of manufac
turing plants all oVer the coun
try whose contracts with the gov
ernment have been cleared. As
sociation members have also been
urged to form delegations to vis
it WPA and NY A projects, all of
which have been increased in
scope under the defense program,
to urge the employment of more
Negroes on these projects.
THE OLDEST
NEGRO WILL
IS FOUND
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 29—(A
NP)—The oldest will ever filed
by a Negro in Philadelphia, and
perhaps the oldest will by a Ne
gro in the United States, lies in
■ the City Hall here, made on the
22nd day of January 1738 by Ne
gro Cuffee.
Totalling $250 (expressed in
English money) the will lists an
estate including apparel, an old
bedstead, “a barrell of peese, and
3 barrell of pickle,” among other
things.
Written in the flowery hand
writing of the 18th century, the
will is valued at $500, according
to Joseph T. O’Nell, chief clerk in
fhe re'gister of the wills office.
The paper was recently reen
forced with silk at a cost of $50.
Richard Wright
Sponsors Youth
Photo Contest
Richard Wright, prominent Ne
gro author of “Native Son,” is
one of the sponsors of Youth in
Focus, the national photography
contest which offers camera fans
under 26 years of age the oppor
tunity to win $1550.00 in cash
prizes for pictures about young
people in America today. In his
statement to Joseph Cadden, Ex
ecutive Secretary of the Ameri
can Youth Congress, accepting the
invitation to sponsor YOUTH IN
FOCUS. Mr. Wright stated, “I
realize the deep importance of
the work you are doing through
the contest and wish you all the
success possible.”
The sponsors of YOUTH IN
FOCUS are particularly interest
ed in having Negm young people
from all parts of the country
participate in this contest. What
they do for a living, what schools
they attend, the houses they live
in, the recreation they enjoy, the
discrimination they face, and the
contribution which they make to
our American culture, are a very
important part of the photograph
ic document YOUTH IN FOCUS
will produce. Through the seven
subject classes, work, play, mar
riage, school, home, religion, and
citizenship, YOUTH IN FOCUS
offers them arv unusual opportun
ity to bring local conditions to
national attention.
In addition to the 281 cash priz
es YOUTH IN FOCUS will re
ward contestants by publishing a
weekly page of pictures in Friday
magazine, by publishing a book
of prize-winning pictures, and by
arranging a travelling exhibit
which will tour the entire coun
try.
YOUTH IN FOCUS is sponsor
ed jointly by the American Youth
Congress and FRIDAY magazine
In its initial announcement, it
stated that pictures will be judg
ed by “The skill with which you
put Youth in focus. On how well
you capture young people doing
interesting things in an interest
ing way. The subject, the story,
and the skill will determine the
winner. Technical ability will be
entirely incidental.”
The board of judges includes
Margaret Bourke-White. head
ohotographer of PM, Daniel S.
Gilmore, publisher of Friday
magazine, Joris Ivens, president
of the Association of Documentary
Film Producers; Garson, Kanin,
director-producer for RKO pic
tures; Rockwell Kent, noted art
ist, and Roy E. Stryker, chief of
the Historical Section of the Farm
Security Administration.
In addition to Mr, Wright, the
sponsors are: Sheldon Dick. Wil
liam O. Field, Jr., Dorothy Can
field Fisher, Dr. Frank P. Gra
ham, Jay Leyda. Hon. Vito Mar
cantonio, Hon. James E. Murray.
Alfred K. Stern, Dr. Mary E.
Woolley.
Jim Crow School
Better Than None
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 29
(ANP)—“A segregated school is
better than none,” declared tht
Rev. Joseph M. Schmutz. of Bir
mingham, as he returned Iasi
week to his native Philadelphia t<
address the St. Ignatius Forum.
Father Schmutz has foundec
the Immaculata high during hi:
stay in the southern city and ex
plained that, through the Catholic
church, streets had been paved
lights installed, and general con
ditions improved.
“The next step,” he said, “is t<
get Negroes qualified as voters al
over the state.” 1
FLAY RESULT
OF LAST WAR;
RIGHT TOVOTE
Must Discontinue
Discrimination
By ESTHER Y. COOPER
BIRMINGHAM, Aug. <29—(AN
P)—“We didn’t get anything out
of the last World War, and there
isn’t any use of us going to this
one. My husband went over and
when he came back he couldn’t
even march in the parade down
town—they even tore the buttons
off his uniform; sure, that peace
mobilization is a good thing in
Chicago, here’s a quarter you can
put me down for,” said a Negro
woman, gray-haired, slow in
movements but quick in thinking
and knowing what she believes
will help the Negro people in the
South.
Her reaction is typical of the
way in which we of the Southern
Negro Youth congress are receiv
ed in carrying peace petitions
from door to door in Birmingham,
in speaking to groups of miners
in Lewisburg, Pratt City and other
mining towns near Birmingham,
in speaking to steel workers, so
cial clubs, and church groups.
No Statement on Discrimination
“That Conscription bill would'
be one of the worst possible
things; there isn’t anywhere in
it a statement that there would
be no discrimination because of
race, creed or color, there isn’t*
anywhere in it that we would
have a chance to be officers, that
when we came out of training we
would have an equal chance at
jobs without Jim-Crow,’ >810 a
Negro mine worker p.t a "•scis
sion following a debate on the
conscription bill.
A young woman rose swiftly to
her feet at this same meeting and
said that “our job is to get democ
racy here in the South, to win the
right to vote by supporting the
Right to Vote campaign of the
SNYC, to support the anti-lynch
ing bill, to win the right to edu
cation, to jobs, and recreation,
and when we have these things,”
she declared, “and only then
should young Nagro people be
ready to take up arms to defend
the democracy of the United Stat
es.”
The door to door petitioning on
the Peace Mobilization and the
Right to Vote campaign has been
successful. A domestic worker,
hardly making enough to pay for
the small rat-infested house in
which she lives, listened intent
ly as I described the meaning of
the peace meeting, and the impor
tance of her signature, and told
me to wait a minute as she went
next door to borrow a dime so
that her signature might be on
the letter to the president.
Young- Only Ho$e
Fred Witherspoon, ill in bed,
who served in the last war, called
ime into his home when I knocked,
listened to me and finally said,
“You young people keep on strug
gling, it’s our only salvation. War
won’t help anything, I’m for that
Chicago Peace rally; look under
my dresser scarf and take 10
cents, and wait a mnute, come
back next week and I’ll have an
other dime for you.”
Negro students, ministers, so
cial workers, miners, steel work
ers, domestic workers, are backing
the Chicago Peace mobilization,
realize its importance, and have
been talking it up in their meet
ings. from the pulpit, in the mines,
and at social gatherings.
The Southern Negro Youth con
gress is carrying on its “Battle for
the Ballot” distributing thousands
of leaflets on the Right to Vote,
selling Abolish the Poll-Tax But
tons and working on the Peace
Mobilization at the same time by
securing a signature for Peace Pe
titions.
STACKING WHEAT JOINS
LIST OF LOST ARTS
Tall symmetrical stacks of
wheat, once a common sight on
farms of the middle west, have
gradually disappeared from the
agricultural scene in this state.
These towering heaps of bun
dled grain, forming natural ovena
for drying the wheat, were believ
; ed to be the best means of sea
soning the grain for a high qual
ity flour. So much importance
, was attached to this phase of
harvesting, says one historian, that
no real farmer ever thought of
* threshing until the wheat had gone
l through a natural “sweat” in the
stacks. l(,v . ■ ...

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