OCR Interpretation

Sunday Chicago bee. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1925-19??, June 29, 1941, SECTION ONE, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015409/1941-06-29/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Cong. Mitchell Spikes Rumors He Will Retire
T * * ' lowers, ove y ai l talented dancer, wlio became the bride of M, Henry Pitts
* •- ;11 a lovely ceremony. Mrs. P its is a former student at the University of Wis
< <m in while PHts is a graduate of the University of Illinois and the University of Chicago.
(Photo by Gordon Rogers Park—Town House)
iT*HE WAR FEVER has really
* reached this community. The
v;« men to be p cp nu.'g t$<
take the place of Li Ikons -of men
in training camps. Every day
on every corner there are numbers
of Them who have on not only
slacks but very expensive tailored
slacks and try to look as mannish
as possible.
Maybe they figure that the best
physically fit men have joined the
army and those who are left be
hind are either too young or too
old to be influneced by the lure of
At any rate we hope that it is
only a fad.
J»s $ &
* tions the neighborhood lead
ers must organize at once in or
der to be better prepared to
combat any undue hardships
which will be caused from the
neighborhood redevelopment as
indicated in the recent bill which
passed the State Legislature.
In the final analysis the may
or and the city council who or
ganized the Redevelopment com
mittee will foe chiefly responsible
for the policy and program of
this new corporation.
However, we hope that there
will foe a persistent and aggres
sive program of building devel
opment by Negroes themselves,
also, these areas which are not
classified as slums and which
may not foe attacked by Neigh
borhood Redevelopment Cor
porations should redouble their
efforts to improve their blocks
physically and morally if they
be allowed to remain in this
SIX YEARS LATER we hear the 1
cause of the strenuous opposi
tion to the erection of the Feder
al Housing Project on the south
side at its present location.
Some of the persons who spon
sored some of the Neighborhood
Redevelopment bills openly admit
ted that they did not want the
Negro community to be stabilized
m new dwellings that close to the
lake and the loop. It is likely that
the Ida B. Wells Homes may be
responsible for a number of Ne
groes to live in contiguous blocks.
A fall from her bed on May 29,
caused the death last Thursday of
Mrs. Sara Lambert, 74, of 3819
itate street. Mrs. Lambert died
m county hospital after complica
tions set in from a fractured thigh.
The woman’s advanced age aggra
vated the injury, it was stated.
An inquest was held Saturday at
the morgue.
The Chicago Bee has more net
,.aia circulation than any other
iccal r.er.-syape
-- i
Congressman Arthur W. Mitch
ell, during his brief visit here last
week. took time out to spike co
rners concerning his allege*! re
tirement. In an interview with
a Bee correspondent he said that
he had issued no statement con
cerning his retirement.
When asked what political
course he would follow in the
coming Congressional election he
issued the following statement:
“I am and expect to remain an
active member of the Second Ward
Democratic organization and in
all matters I am subject to the
orders of that organization to run
again or do anything that it wants
me to do.”
Rumor has had it that the na
tion’s sole Negro congressman
and the first democrat of his race
to sit in the halls of Congress, |
would retire to his Virgina farm j
at the end of the present term.)
Just where the rumor began Rep.
Mitchell could not say. He let
it be known, however, that he is
s1 ill in the running if the Second
Ward organization so orders.
Honors Lawyer
Congressman Mitchell gave a
dinner Saturday evening in honor
ct Richard E. Westbrooks, his at
torney, in appreciation of his fine
services rendered in the railroad
discrimination case filed by the
The fiery veteran lawyer heard
more than a score of guests tell
him that his victory would bene
fit black Americans yet unborn
anc{ would aid in assuring de
mocracy and justice to colored
people throughout the country.
The congressman was told that
his action in securing a Negro
lawyer was worthy of praise.
Mitchell replied that he had talk
ed of the Negro’s ability and he
preferred to go further than many
Negro leaders in demonstrating
that he earnestly maintained that
view. He pointed out that he
took one colored lawyer and beat
more than a score of the best
white lawyers the railroads could
hire or the South could produce.
He told the guests that at each
court hearing there were always
several lawyers who appeared a
gainst him and Atty. Westbrooks.
Byrnes Congratulates Him
Rep, Mitchell said that he had
received thousands of telegrams
congratulating him and Atty.
Westbrooks on their victory. He
said that the first senator to con
gratulate him upon the victory was
Sen. James F. Byrnes (Dem., S.
C.) who has recently been ap
pointed Associate Justice of the
United States Supreme court.
Mitchell, who in May asked
President Roosevelt to appoint
Senator Byrnes to the vacancy on
the supreme court, declared that
the new justice whom he had
known for 30 years, has a broad
vision and a “determination to be
(Confiaued on pay® 2, col. o) •
Reveal Plans I
For Boystown
In Illinois :
A lesson in true democracy is
that which this week announced
the proposed establishment in Illi
nois of a boys’ town where boys
of all colors, creeds and races may
enjoy the privileges and security
of enough food to eat, clothes to
wear and beds to sleep in. The
teachers? A group organized as
American Boystown, Inc., and all
01 them Negroes!
Boystown, so far in embryo
state, has on the credit side of its
ledger a state charter, a fund of
$2,500 given by the seven mem
bers of the board of directors, and
80 acres field and timber land
near Momence. The land was
deeded to the corporation by Mrs.
Clara E. Howard at a ceremony in
her real estate office at 100 North
LaSalle street.
James W. Washington, vyhose
idea launched the American Ne
gro Exposition, is founder and
general manager of the project.
Washington stated this week: “We
hope to have the place ready to
use as a camp soon.” He said he
and his board are depending on
subscriptions to establish the farm,
and revealed he has received of
fers of hogs, cows and chickens
when Boystown is ready.
Members of the board are
Washington, Maston Jones of
Louisville, Ky.; C, A. Hansberry,
Willard M. Payne, Arthur Hitch
inson, Mrs. Koressa Alston Fox
and James A. Carter, all Chica
Dr* John Hall
Named Health
Dr. John B. Hall, Jr., has been
named district health superinten
dent of the Illinois department of
public health. His appointment
came as the result of successfully
passing a civil service examination
and he thus becomes the first
Negro to hold such a position in
Dr. Hall’s duties are connected
with the newly formed Cook Coun
ty Public Health Unit, an orga
nization representing a coopera
tive arrangement between the
board of commissioners of Cook
county, the state department of
health and the United States pub
lic health service which serves
all of Cook county outside of Chi
cago, Evanston, and Winnetka,
Among other positions, Dr. Hall
is chairman of the public health
section of the National Medical
association which meets here in
| At All News Stands
Randolph, While
On Committee
President Roosevelt this wetj (
pushed his order to eliminate d‘3
crimination in defense industry
with the appointment of a com
mittee to make a study of dis
crimination practiced against Ne
groes in various phases of the na -
tion’s defense program.
The committee, which is head -
ed by New York’s mayor Fiorei’o
La Guardia, is to offer to him rec
ommendations for effectively han
dling them. Its appointment fol
lowed a conference held m Hi
cabinet room of the White Hum.
and was seen by some as an e! ~
fort to appease A. Philip Ran
dolph to whom appeals had t - n
■rede 16 call oil Jos • i
march on Washington, July i
Randolph is whipping into final
shape this week, plans for a mass
demonstration against injustices
which Negroes are suffering un
der the defense prog ram.
One of the proposals the newly j
formed board was to weigh at
its first meeting Monday, June
23, was one made by the Presi
dent that a special board be set
up to receive and act upon com
plaints of racial, discrimination in
the defense program. Included
on tlie committee are the Presi
dent, Secretary of War Henry L.
Stimson; Secretary of the Navy
Frank Knox; William, S. Knudsen
and Sidney Hillman, co-directors
c, the'Office ol‘ Production Man
Mayor La Guardia, who is di
rector of civilian defense, is
chairman. Other members are
Aubrey Williams, director of the
National Youth Administration;
Anna Rosenberg, co-ordinator of
Ihe Social Security Board; Walter
White, secretary of the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People; Frank R. Cross -
waith, chairman of the Negro La
bor committee; Layle Lane, Vice j
president of the American Fed-,
eration of Teachers, and A, Phil j
ip Randolph, national director ofi
the Negro March-On-Washingtcn
Mitchell Case
Back To I. C. C.
For New Ruling
The last hurdle in the nationally
prominent Mitchell railroad dis
crimination suit was reached this
week when the Federal District
court of Illinois ordered the In
terstate Commerce Commission to
render a decision in the case con
sistent with that handed down on
April 28 by the Supreme Court of
the United States.
The Supreme Court ruling out
lawed discrimination in interstate
travel which denied equal accom
modations because of race or col
The Federal District Court man
date, which reversed its own
failure to act because of lack of
jurisdiction in the matter, directs
that Congressman Mitchell’s com
plaint be reinstated and all other
proper order's entered as are “ac
cording to right, justice and the
law of the United States.”
The court further ordered that
all costs expended by Congress
man Mitchell in prosecution of
the tight against railroad discrimi
nation should be paid by the three
lailroads named in his suit.
The sixth anniversary of the Na
tional Youth Administration was
celebrated in 33 work experience
and 18 resident centers sponsored
by the administration in the state
Mayor Kelly issued a special
proclamation designating Thurs
day as National Youth Adminis
tration Day in the city. Aubrey
Williams, national administrator,
who spoke at the summer confer
ence of the University of Illinois
on the relationship of the NYA
program to vocational education in
public schools, was guest of hon
or in the state during the day.
Approximately 3,000 young men
and women participated in an op
en house at the Chicago work ex
perience center, 103 West Huron
street, at 10 am. Among the
speakers were Miss Regina O’Con
nell, director of social service of
the Catholic Youth Organization;
Frank D. Finlay, director of social
service of the Chicago Church
Federation, and A. L. Foster, ex
ecutive secretary of the Chicago
Urban League. A similar program
was held at 8 p.m. at Davis Square
Park, with the NYA symphony
orchestra presenting a concert.
Decision Regarded
As Far-Reaching
Regarded as significant in bring
ing about better housing condi
tions and balking sky-rocketing
of rents in the South Side com
munity was a jury verdict in
Judge John J. McCormick’s court
Thursday won by a tenant, a wi
dow, against a long-established
real estate firm
The case m. . a two months’
struggle against an arbitrary rent
raise put into effect by H. J. Cole
man and company, in an apart
ment building at 101-108 W. 59th
street. It reached its apex Thurs
day when a jury decided in favor
ol Mrs. Grace Davis, 104 W. 59th
street, after she was forced to
take her protest of an increase in
.-.er r&r * ♦<-» ■uun.
Galfei mi and convpar , :r.u ■
to evict her for non-payment of
rent was lost when the jury found
her not guilty. Company lawyers
immediately made motion for a
new trial. %
Committee Backsi Fight
The woman’s plight was first
noted when she sought the aid of
the South Side Action Commit
tee. The services of Atty. Ulysses
S. Keys were immediately secur
ed. Attorney Keys demanded a
jury trial when the Case was first
set for hearing. His impassioned
plea in her behalf Thursday re
sulted in the favorable decision
and has earned for him commun
ity-wide commendation.
When Mrs. Davis came to them
the South Side Action Commit
tee immediately launched a post
card protest campaign. A house -
to-house canvass brought about
an avalanche of hundreds of post
cards, which flooded the offices of
the real estate firm.
“We are determined to get her
out,” a lawyer for the company
which employs the law firm of
Herman Silverstein, stated to At
torney Keys following Thursday’s
hearing. “Why?” was the law
yer’s interested query. “Those
postcards,” was the laconic reply.
Attorney Keys pointed out that
the postcard protest of the rent
increase was a mere nothing com
pared to the indignation which
would sweep the community if
any underhand methods to force
her ouster were used.
Important Event
The South Side Action commit
tee, through Paul Picquet, its ex
ecutive secretary, commented on
the victory Wednesday to a BEE
reporter. Picquet said:
“The committee, which took up
Mrs. Davis’ fight at its beginning,
considers this case an important
event in the struggle for better
homes on the South Side. Joseph
Barton, chairman of the South
Side Action committee, has stated
that one of the most effective ways
we can combat high rents and ar
bitrary rent raises which are com
mon practices of South Side land
lords, is to fight every attempt
made to raise rent without giv
ing tenants any adequate return
for his rent dollar.”
The committee is planning a
mass meeting where a full report
of the Davis fight will Le pre
sented, and where plans for the
continued fight against high rents
will be announced by the commit
Issues Vital
In his speech to the jury Attor
ney Keys pointed out that Mrs.
Davis’ case was not just an evic
tion, but its ’■"'•’’os were vital to
the hundreds . . thousands of Ne
(continued, on page Z, col. 1)
Charming daughlei of .VIr. and Mrs. Nathan Caldwell who graduates
Thursday evening from Hyde Park high school. Miss Caldwell, a
popular number of the lion Ton’s Social club and the Ivyettes wilt
matriculate- this fall at the University of Michigan
The State’s Attorney’s office is
today (Thursday) in possession
of an affidavit which threatens
to blow Lli<- lid oil' the Restvale
cemetery scandal which last week
locked the South Side.
Charles Rui ns, 4821 South State
street, foi rnerly employed at the
cemetery as grave digger in an
notarized statement related how
acting upon orders of James Pet
tis, supt i mtendent of the Rest
vale cemetery, he reopened graves
after bodies were interred and
took cut the wooden boxes in
which the caskets were enclosed.
These boxes, it. was disclosed,
were re-sold, oftimes as many as
three times. Burns’ affidavit stat
ed further that lie re-opened an
average of two or three graves
a week during the ten years he
was employed at the cemetery.
Burns went to work there m 1929
and vvorked until February'of this
year. He said he was tired be
cause of his advanced age. He is
57 years old.
Grave Reopened
An investigation of irregulari
ties at the Restvale »cemeter‘y was
launched early this week by the
state's attorney’s office following
last week’s sensational charges
tiiat bodies were being disturbed
and graves reopened after burial
The probe was ordered when
Oscar Murphy, 4723 Champlain
avenue, hied charges at the state’s
attorney's office, and six witnesses
testified that they 'surprised grave
diggei’s lifting the casket in which
the body of Cero Murphy, father
of Oscar, had been buried, but
of the grave just thirty minutes
after his interment.
The grave diggers, Charles
White and John Baker, were
GenL Davis To !
Leave Ft. Riley
For War Post
Fight On To |
Oust Walker 5
As 'Force Head
WILBERFORCE.— The ouster
of president D. Ormonde Walker
as president of Wilberforce uni
versity looms ihis week as trus
tees of the state department this
week virtually ordered Wilber
force trustees to accede to their
demands and force his dismis
sal. July 15 has been set as the
deadline for putting into actual
operation a separate college.
Delayed action was taken as a
move to force his ouster, despite
the fact that in June, 1940, the
university trustees had re-elected
him for a four-year term end
ing June, 1944. The body also
refused to support forces seeking
his removal at the meeting of the
trustees held here last week.
State trustees are said to have
been informed that Bishop Rev
erdy C. Ransome, chairman of the
university board of trustees will
call another meeting of the board
prior to July 15 and urge ac
quiesence to their program. It
these orders are obeyed it is the
opinion of many that such will
mark the end of the influences
of the AME church in the affairs
of Wilberforce university.
FT. RILEY, Kans., June 26—
(ANP)—Brig. Gen. Benjamin O.
Davis, only colored general officer
in the United States army, left
Thursday for Washington, where
he will be assigned to the inspec
tor-general's department
Gen. Davis has been comman
der of the 4th cavalry brigade here
since Jan, 13. The general is due
for retirement. He will be 64
July 1.
Gen. Davis is a native of Wash
in gtor^, D. C. He entered the
military service as a first lieu
j tenant of infantry during the war
' with Spain. He was mustered out
n March, 1899, and three months
later enlisted as a private in the
regular army. He was commis
sioned a second lieutenant of cav
alry in February, 1901.
No successor to Gen. Davis has
yet been announced. The 4th
cavalry brigade is made up of
the 9th and 10th cavalry regi
questioned Wednesday along with
James Pettis, superintendent of
the cemetery. Murphy charged
them with removing the casket
t’iom the box and burying it in
another grave.
Lose Fender Skirt
The Murphy party surprised the
men when they returned to the
cemetery to hunt for a fender skirt
i (Continued on page 2, col- 3)
Stabbed When
He Interferes
In Tavern Fuss
When he allegedly interfered
in an altercation in a tavern on
East 47th street ear’y Sunday
morning, Earl Russell, 4837 So.
Parkway, 26-year-old automobile
mechanic, was stabbed and seri
ously wounded. Russell’s assail
ant was James Harwell, 4837 Vin
cennes avenue. Harwell was ar
rested by Detectives Colander and
English of Fifth District police.
The stabbing was the after
math of a heated quarrel be
tween Harwell and Wiley Jett of
4642 Calumet avenue, who ac
cused the former of slapping his
girl friend. It was stated Har
well went up to the woman and
struck her in the face without any
provocation, then left the tavern.
He returned a short time later,
it was stated and Wiley accosted

xml | txt