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, Lost Friday and Saturday,
members of the National Con ference of Hospital administra tors met at Provident hospital here in their annual meeting to discuss the problems of the ad ministration, hospitals in national defense and other pertinent mat ters that required their attention. In the afternoon session of the first day a joint meeting was held with the nursing school execu tives. Friday morning’s session was given over to a round table dis cussion of how to solve adminis trative problems, led by Dr. Her man Smith, white medical direc tor of Michael Reese hospital, fol lowed by a summary of the draft situation as it affects physicians by Dr. Edward L. Turner, presi dent of Meharry Medical college. Nashville. J. Dewey Lutes, su perintendent of Presbyterian hos pital, Chicago, aho cock part in the morning’s discussion with his topic of “Hospitals in the Na tional Defense.” He spoke round ly of the responsibility of offer ing interneships at different times of the year to medical graduates and also touched upon related subjects. In the joint meeting with the nursing school executives, Miss Harriet Fulmer of Cook County hospital, Chicago, and Miss Ada Crocker, chairman of Illinois State Nursing Council for Na tional defense, emphasizing the need for graduate and student nurses, postgraduate courses, aid in civilian defense and the Ne gro nurse and the American Red Cross. r Saturday’s session was given over mainly to the discussion of hospitalization for Negroes in the defense public works program by William J. Trent, Jr., racial re lations officer of FWA, and the operation of hospital laboratory by Dr. Julian H. Lewis, associate professor of pathology at the Un iversity of Chicago. The afternoon meet brought Dr. John B. West, medical director of Provident hospital, to discuss the centralized and decentralized health centers, and also the pro gress of cooperation between Provident hospital and the Chi cago Health department. Other leading lights in the con ference included, Mrs. Louis Bell, record librarian; Mrs. Zephyr H Stewait, head departmnt of so cial service; Mrs. Mary B. Ander son, household supervisor, and Frederic Byrd, assistant comptrol ler all of Provident hospital. At the close of the business meeting, which brought reports and elections of officers for the ensuing year, a tour of Provident hospital was conducted by Drs. John B. West, and H. V. Wilburn, and staff. , Sk 17 Students Competing For Honors As Howard’s Most Talented Students .WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 26 —Seventeen Howard university undergraduates are now going in to the final rounds of auditions being held to select the univer sity’s most talented student, who wull receive an award of $200 and appear on Fred Allen’s radio program on Sunday night, March 29. To Select 3 Finalists The student group which in cludes singers, instrumentalists, impersonators, and dramatic per formers, will be auditioned at the university each Wednesday night until three finalists are se lected. The three finalists, who will be selected before March 12, will appear on a half-hour broadcast over Station WJCV in Washing \ ton on -Marcfi 13. Following the local broadcast, the winner will be selected by the student body through a general election. Winner to See Broadway When the winner arrives in New York City, he will be taken on a sight-seeing trip, a tour of “Radio City’’, and to any hit play or musical on Broadway he may choose. If the winner is a male student, he will liv^ at the Taft Hotel; if a woman, at the Barbi zen Hotel for women. Only Negro School Selected Howard university is one of 30 American colleges and universi ties chosen by Vick Knight, pro ducer of the Fred Allen show, to be honored on his weekly pro gram. The university is the only Negro institution selected. Program Began in October In an effort to develop the sci'een, radio and stage stars ot tomorrow,) Fred Alien, interna tionally-known comedian, began to recruit talent from the colle giate ranks several months ago. The program opened on October 1, with a representative from Notre Dame, followed by stud ents from Wisconsin, Ohio State. Columbia, Pennsylvania and others. S200 Plus Expenses Besides an award of $200 Ho ward’s most talented student will1 receive first-class transportation to New York and return, plus all food and lodging expenses. He will be given ten minutes of the one-hour program to display his talents. The competitors include: Arthur Davis, baritone; Miss Ursula Plinton, violinist; Miss June McMechen, singer; Donald Roberts, clarinetist; Bryant Walk er, pianist; Miss Margaret Mont gomery, singer; James Wilson, dramatist; Irvin Hunter, pianist; Don Wallace, singer; Miss Cece lia Roberts, pianist; Miss Gloria Oden, singer; Lindlcy Mordecai, Frederick Wilkinson, Jr., dramat ist and Elmer W. Harris, singer. Civilian Defense Head Says It’s An All Out War Demand Pointing out that the Negro citizen has been a part of this country for 300 years and has played an important role in the growth of democracy here, Lor ing B. Moore, Regional Racial Relations Advisor of the 6th Ci vilian Defense Region, told Ci vilian Defense representatives from Illinois, Michigan and Wis consin that “all-out war demands the participation of every citi zen—be he black or white.” Urging that the door of ad vancement be left ajar for the Negro who docs his job efficient ly, Moore declared that ‘ this is not a war for the extension of the domination of the English speaking peoples or for the sal vation of the United States alone. “We cannot forget that it is a war for human freedom, and that a huge number of the people battling for this freedom are of the colored races.” Emphasizing the need for stressing the stake the average citizen has in the war effort as a means of raising the national morale, Moore said “the comple ment of morale is participation in the defense program.” Negro morale, he said, will be seriously damaged by careless remarks pointing the exclusion of the Negro in the stakes of the wai Free labor in America," Moore declared, ‘ has won its rights largely because of the struggles of the Negro people. And we dare not exclude the Ne gro from this world struggle for the four freedoms expounded by our President.” “Morale,” Moore explained, “is the assumption by the individ ual citizen—whether he be black or white, or of immigrant or Pil '\ grim stock—that he is responsi s ble for the conduct of the war, he individual citizen won’t work v..:th the greatest efficiency if he doesn’t feel this is his war. There fore one of our primary tasks should be to raise morale through inducing the individual citizen to participate in the Civilian De fense program.” -★ OPA Gives Aid To Consumers Flavors on the table of Mrs' America need not be changed because of any immediate short age of spices, provided, of course, that these flavorings are used cnly as really needed. Mrs. America uses more pep per and mustard than she does any other spices. The Office of Price Administration’s Consumer Division reports that we have a two years’ supply of pepper on hand. And the country’s 1941 mustard crop was a good one— supply far more seed than is usually needed in any one year. So these two “key” spices cer tainly present no problem. What of the others? Nutmeg for your custards and spice cakes, cloves to dot your hams and to make your yearly supply of pic kle, cinnamon for breakfast toast, ! vanilla to flavor your cakes and I cookies—these and many others i are still available. But remember that these spic es come to you from Zansibar, from the West Indies, from other distant corners of the globe. They | are brought to you in ships which , must also carry strategic war I materials. So handle your family spice cabinet with care. Measure that teaspoon of cinnamon right in to the cake batter, don’t waste any of it. Don’t help yourself to more mustard and ketchup than you’re really going to eat. Maybe s little less vanilla in a favorite recipe would do for a while. You can probably think of oth er ways to “stretch” the spices you have. And the better the job you do, the longer you will be able to enjoy the flavors your family so much enjoys—your sal ads and sauces, your meats and your pickles, your puddings and pies. And when you've emptied one of those nice spice cans with sprinkler tops—a can that fits into your spice cabinet, maybe you’d better save it. Next year’s supply may not come to you in such • convenient form. ^ BACK FROM THE WAR IN LIBYA m* THIS BULLET-RIDDLED Allison liquid-cooled en gine, which was built in the United States and shot down in an R.A.F. fighter plane in Libya, has just returned to this country and will be exhibited to Allison workmen. Picture shows Fred C. Kroeger, general manager of the Allison Divi sion of General Motors, inspecting the engine when it arrived “back home” at the Allison factory. THIS ALL I SON £N6/fiE IS BEING SENT TO YOU 4V RESPONSE TO YOUR FEauBST FOR ONE OF 'f0U*£"fS!£S/T STRAIGHT from the battle in the western desert IS on OF MANY OTHERS THAT HAVE BEEN GIVING MAGNIFICENT SERVICE . THIS ENGINE SEARS G/GNS OF BATTLE ACTION TRUST it Reaches you /N TIME FOFt your celebration ON /7* December Tell all ALL/SON horkeas their efforts fiRE INTENSE UN APPRECIATED BY THE ROVAL AIR FORCE WHO ARE NOH FIGHTING BE Hi HD THE/R ENGINES CONTINUOUS/, i E>est wishes from this side. -—— -— -— - - - -:- i “GIVING MAGNIFICENT S E R V I C E This sign, ; printed by an R.A.F. soldier in Libya on the back of a ' food carton, praises the American-built Allison engines and advises that the Royal Air Force is now fighting ! behind these engines continuously. It was found en- ! closed with the bullet-riddled engine when uncrated in this country. Mute but dramatic testimony that American war material has what it takes when it gets to the fighting front, is supplied by a vet eran Allison liquid-cooled aircraft engine which saw heroic service in an R.A.F. fighter plane in Libya, and which has just been received in this country. One of Thousands It is one of several thousand Alli son engines in United States Army and R.A.F. overseas service and the first to come “back home,” and will be exhibited to Allison work ers. Officials of the Allison Division o£ General Motors were permitted to disclose that, after long service, the R.A.F. plane powered by this engine was final ly bullet - riddled, five shots going into the nose of the engine, but the pilot was able to land the ship without otherwise damaging the engine. When unpacked for fumigation against typhus germs, the crate containing the engine was found to contain a sign, laboriously printed by somebody in the R.A.F. on card board evidently from a food carton, advising Allison factory workers in this country that Allison engines are “giving magnificent service,” and that the Royal Air Force in Libya is now fighting behind these engines continuously. Arrival Delayed The veteran engine had been scheduled to arrive at the Allison factory by December 17, when Alli son, well within the fixed time limit, reached the maximum pro duction goal set for it by the War Department, but arrival of the en gine was delayed by war condi tions. British officials sent the en gine believing that American work men, particularly those at Allison, would be cheered by visual evi dence that their craftsmanship counts heavily against the Axis. Efforts Appreciated “This Allison engine,” read the accompanying sign, “is being sent to you in response to your request for one of your engines straight from the battle in the Western desert. It is one of many others that have been giving magnificent service. This engine bears signs of battle action. Trust it reaches you in time lor your celebration on 17th December. Tell all Allison workers their efforts are intensely appreci ated by the Royal Air Force who are now fighting behind their en gines continuously. Best wishes from this side ” m ME WOMEN TO FIGHT POLL T NASHVILLE. Tenn., Feb. 26— (ANP)—A quarter of a million Methodist women in nine south eastern states are being called upon by their leaders to work for the elimination of the white pri mary and the poll tax, as two items of the most thoroughgoing program of social, economic, and interracial justice ever under taken by a great church group. This program was outlined here a few days ago by a represen tative planning commission of 150 women from all parts of the re gion. It will be passed down to more than 6,000 local church so cieties, with a total membership of 250,000, in the southeastern jurisdiction of the Methodist church. Among other recom mendations embodied in the plan the following are of special interest. Opposition to the injection o£ the race issue into political cam paigns. Federal aid to public educa tion. Citizenship classes for all new voters. Check on programs of govern ment aid to Negroes in agricul ture, health • and welfare. Check on school facilities, and on employment practices in de fense industries. Endorsement of the methods of interracial cooperation demon strated by the Southern Interra cial commission. Recognition of the right of col lective bargaining; study of co operatives; and efforts to im prove hours, wages, and working conditions in domestic service. -if REV. JOHN N. WASHINGTON DIES IN NASHVILLE Rev. John N. Washington, 72, died Sunday, Feb. 15 in Nashville, Tenn. Rev. Washington was the brother of Hesekiah Washington and uncle of Strother Washing ton, of this city, who left Mon day to attend the funeral to be held on Wednesday. Other survivers are another brother, Dr. Charles P. Washing ton of Kansas City, Kansas, and a sister, Mrs. Esther Ousley of Boulder, Colorado. -★ HONOR The surest way to live with honor in the world is to be in reality what we appear to be.— Socrates. Drop Lynching Probe Or Face Race Riot, Is Sikeston, Mo., Threat ST. LOUIS Mo., Feb. 19—White citizens in Sikeston will not testi fy against each other in any prosecution for guilt in the lynch ing of Cleo Wright there January 25, and they use the threat of a race riot to prevent further in vestigation and publicity. These facts came out in an in vestigation for and report to the NAACP made last week by Mr. and Mrs. L. Benoist Thompkins of this city who spent 24 hours in Sikeston four days after the lynching, questioning leading whites in the community and leading Negroes in Sunset Addi tion, the Negro ghetto. Mob Was “Just Folks” The makeup of the mob was de scribed as being ‘just folks . . . not like our last lynching . . . done by the upper classes.” South east Missouri’s last lynching was in Mississippi county, December 18, 1924, when a mob stormed the jail and took a Negro accused of raping a white girl. Fear for Negroes, the need to “keep the Negro in his place” and the feudal nature of south east Missouri, where a very few people own all the land and the rest are vassals, are behind the story of the brutal lynching, the Thompkinses reported. “Along with this feeling runs a genuine fear of the Negro’s physical violence. ‘Negroes are naturally vicious,’ they said, ‘with! less control over their emotions.’ It follows that ‘violence is nec essary to keep them subservient: It also follows that killing a Ne gro is not a crime like killing a white man, because the Negro is closer to brute than an independ ent human individual with human rights. There is a carry-over of feeling in Sikeston today that goes back to the old-time south ern idea that ‘every white man had to have several colored girls, and kill one nigger, before he be came a man indeed’.”. The investigators s#id: ‘We were given the definite impres sion that the lynchers would not be ostracized by the community; on the other 'hand those who might testify against the lynch ers would be ostracized. Even the most liberal man to whom we spoke said that had he wit nessed the crime (which he had not) he would ‘not be inclined to testify’.” Negroes themselves are afraid to identify any of the mob even though they saw the entire pro ceedings and know those respon sible. One man in the Sunset Addition on being questioned by the Thompkinses was terrified and said he would not talk “to white folks.” “We did not ask him to talk, ” the investigators stated, “because it is clear he does not have police protection in Sikes ton.” Negroes “Too Cocky” “One person suggested that the tensions between poor white and Negro labor might have some bearing on the lynching. The poor whites object to equality with the Negro even more than the wealthy ones. Racial feel ings are more bitter among the poor, because ‘if they can’t feel superior to the Negro, what would I they feel superior about?’ Many | of this class or workers were in , the lynching crowd. ! The report also revealed that ! the lynching of Cleo Wright was not an isolated incident, but that tension ha-d been growing over a period of time. Feeling had been growing that Negroes were getting “too cocky.” “There is increasing feeling a gainst labor unions organizing Negroes,” the investigators said. ‘Negro labor is less subservient than white labor at present and employers do not expect this. With the threat of a labor short age looming close, employei's re sent any encouragement to labor to become too courageous and de manding. Negroes have been the beasts of burden in southeast Mis souri and since it is important to the economic set-up that they re main in this status, they are not encouraged to develop. The white people of southeast Mis souri do not like independent Ne groes. There was a growing feeling that they should be put back in the place where they be long.” In commenting on their report Mr. and Mrs. T'hompkins ob served: “The Sikeston incident points to certain breakdowns in our le gal system: Under our present laws, lynching, which is defined as murder, goes unpunished, be cause the crime is judged in lo cal courts by those who them selves believe in lynching. Young Prosecuting Attorney Blanton will hardly sacrifice both his career and personal friends by prose cuting those friends who elected him to office. Even the most li beral of the planters said he would “not be inclined to testi fy.’ A local grand jury cannot be expected to indict when it may have on it some of those who were in the lynch mob. Not un til prosecution and judgment are taken out of the local courts will there be any chance of exacting justice.” -★ Art Center Plans Student Exhibit Plans lor an exhibition of stu- | dent work to be held, from March 15 to March 30 were announced last Monday afternoon in the reg ular weekly meeting of the teach ers at the South Side Community Art Center. Under the plans outlined by Mr. Peter Pollack, director of the center, the faculty of the Art Center school will be in charge of selection, presenta tion and promotion of the exhibi tion. Members of the faculty com mittee, of which Miss Julia Gus tafson is chairman, are Mrs. Lydia Chin, Misses Altheina Hubbard and Mary Jackson and Mr. Henry Avery. According to current plans this exhibition of student art will include work from children’s classes in drawing and painting, monotype, water color, block printing, figure drawing, clay mo deling and sculpture. Special arrangements are being made for hanging the exhibition and for a program for parents and stud ents. , , V i ; -★ Honor to faithful merit is de layed, and always has been; but it is sure to follow.—Mary Baker Eddy. Obedience is what makes gov ernment, and not the names by which it is called.-Burke. Army School For Recreation Men To Start March 1 The War Department today an nounced establishment of a school at Fort George G. Meade, Mary land, to train recreation and other Special Service officers, paiti cularly those with combat units. The school, starting March 1, will conduct successive ore-rr.onth courses with approximately 200 student officers drawn from all arms and services. Organization and promotion of athletic, recreational and educa tional activities among troops and their coordination with training will be studied. Development of activities which can be carried on in theatres of operations with im provised facilities and equipment will be one of the prime functions of the school, as well as produc tion cf texts, training data and in struction material. The school will be under the direction of the Special Services Bi’anch of the War Department and will be headed by Colonel T. E. Darby, Medical Corps, as com mandant. Colonel Darby will have an as sistant commandant and a faculty of 17 officers. Three of these in- j structors were selected from per sonel in the Special Services Branch, and the remainder from various other organizations. Normally officers who are per forming recreational functions in the field or whose assignment as such is contemplated, will be se lected to attend the school. The one-month courses of in struction will cover 208 hours of classroom work and demonstra tions. , The care of human life and happiness, and not their destruc tion, is the first and only legiti mate object of good government. —Thomas Jefferson. 100,000 WPA TRAINEES LEAVE FOR JOBS, 7.5 PER CENT ARE NEGROES WASHINGTON, D. C„ Feb. 26 —WPA workers who have left national defense vocational train ing programs for private or gov ernment employment now num ber more than 100,000. Seventy four hundred of those who have thus qualified themselves for and obtained wartime jobs are Ne groes. Of the 182,000 WPA employees who had undergone training or were still in training in Decem ber, courses in public vocation al schools accounted for 178,000, including more than 20,500 col ored persons. The others had been assigned to factories for “in plant” training or to airports for training’ as ground servicemen. The defense training program for WPA workers began in July, 1940, in cooperation with the United States Office of Educa tion, which in turn cooperated with local school authorities in providing teachers and facilities. The WPA itself does not operate training schools. Fifty percent of the vocational trainees under this plan are usu ally allotted to the WPA, with WPA project employees selected on the basis of previous experi ence for training in such fields as mechanics, welding and ma chine operations. Those from the WPA rolls re ceive WPA wages while fitting’ themselves in vocational classes for wartime industrial jobs or other employment created by the defense program. WPA workers who are trained at airfields are selected and paid on the same basis. ► Hampton Selected !For Work In Inter American Affairs HAMPTON INSTITUTE, Va., Feb. 26—Dr. Rayford Logan, of Howard university, a member of the national advisory committee I on Cultural Relations with South America, will set in motion Hampton Institute’s Conference cn Inter-American Affairs, ten tatively scheduled to begin Feb. 24. The conference which was made possible by an award to Hampton Institute last week from the of fice of Nelson Rockefeller, coordi nator of Inter-American Affairs, will consist of a series of lectures, special South American art ex hibits, dance groups, and other cultural demonstrations, class discussions, and assignments, and radio programs. Devoted to the task of devel oping inter-American understand ing, the conference is planned to provide deep, rich cultural ex periences for Hampton Institute students. All emphasis of the conference will center around the inter-relation of South Ameri can, North American problems. In the first program of the con ference, Dr. Logan is scheduled to appear at 8 o’clock Tuesday evening, Feb. 24, in Ogden Hall. He will be accompanied by two Latin-American students. _ I What Face Powder Shall We Buy ? I I Buy Overtons High "Brown! I I The Shades Are Beautiful I ftlBSfc I J IOe 25e 50* I I The Softness Is ExQuisite I THE OVERTON HYGIENIC MFC. CO.