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rX'\V^CX v * the CHICAGO bUNlMY BEE con*
' ! 1.■. gtantly improving, with no advance in SPORTS —- AMUSEMENTS „ . . r.. , K. JUNIOR DEPT. — EDITORIALS P"Ce' ,S Ch,CaE° 3 b,Effe8t neW5 bSr‘ FEATURES -- HOMETOWN gftin - ■ — n ■ - - -- _ - — — 1" — — ■ ' *-■» ■ — ■"■■ — ■■ — ■ ... ^ Volume 33, Number 9 SUNDAY, STARCH 1, 1942 IN TWO SECTIONS: SECTION TWO - -- • -• L _ - v " i« - - — .„ „ —. i . ...... ---*— --—■■ -- TRUCK DRIVER, SAYS ‘WHITE MAN’S WAR’ Held Without Bail PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 26—(A | NP)—Held without bail awaiting i action of the United States com | missioner by Magistrate Thomas i A. O'Hara last Sunday morning was a truck driver, accused of J treason and branded a traitor for declaring “This is a white mans war. The accused is Harry Car penter, 54, who was arrested by Sgt. Edward Simms, an MP at tached to the 76th Coast artillery, Negro unit designated to protect the city from air raiders, along with 11 others during a raid of a reputed South Philadelphia gambling house last Saturday night. The raid was made be cause, according to police, sold iers frequented the establishment. According to Sgt. Simms’ testi mony made before Magistrate O’Hara, Carpenter told him, “You’re a crazy n-r wearing the uniform—you’re only fighting for white trash. This is a white man’s government and war and it’s no damned good.” Sgt. Simms has been in the army 25 years. Carpenter was immediately ta ken along with 11 others to the police station. The 11 were freed on bail on gambling charges, but Carpenter was held on advice of Asst. Dist. Atty. A. V. Cortese, vho stated, “The charge probably should have been .sed lion. Se el it i< i b - here . oi •ui: ruptiCu of th<-' ::r. Try the gove rnment. It was said that Carpenter was scheduled to have a hearing be fore one of the U. S. commis sioners last Tuesday morning, but a clerk in the commissioner’s office disclaimed any knowledge of such a hearing being sched uled. The anti-sedition law of Penn sylvania provides penalties up to 20 years of prison and a $10,000 fine. However, the case is being referred to U. S. Atty. Gerald Gleeson, who stated he would in vestigate and prosecute if facts warranted it. No comment was made by Gleeson on Atty. Gen Biddle's instructions that sedi tion prosecution must have his approval before beginning. Counsel for Carpenter, Atty. Raymond Pace Alexander, said. "We’ll fight this case to the U. S. Supreme court. There is not the slightest bit of ‘treason’ or ‘sedi tion’ in fact no actual reason why the man should be held. This case strikes at one of the rights we have always cherished—that of free speech. “If what my client said, while I do not agree with him, is ‘treas onable’ then millions of people of the United States are ‘traitors’ for not having exactly complimentary opinions of some of the branches of the U. S. government. “If my client is not given a hearing before an U. S. commis sioner by the end of this week, I will seek writ of habeas cor pus.” The wife of Carpenter said he had never talked against the government before and was ready to go to war when 'Uncle Sam” called. “Drinking might have made him loose-tongued,” she said. . Carpenter, a Republican, is in Class 3-A of the selective serv ice. -* Teachers File Suit For Equal Pay In Fed. Court ATLANTA, Feb. 26—(ANP) — To force the Atlanta Board of Ed ucation to pay them salaries equal to those paid white teachers, Ne gro public school teachers filed suit here last Wednesday in fed eral court in the name of William H. Reeves, instructor in David T. Howard junior high school and others. Attorneys for the NAACP i are associated with Reeves’ coun j sel. The suit states that the basic pay of Negro teachers in Atlanta j range from 66 to 70 per cent of i that of white teachers. There are : about 350 Negro teachers and j principals in Atlanta’s school sys : tern. THE NAZI-1EW ABUSE NOT LIKE U.S. NEGRO Dr. Embree Writes In Book (By the ANP) The Nazi propaganda trick of comparing German treatment of Jews with American treatment of Negroes is entirely unjustified, acording to Edwin R. Embree, president of the Julius Rosenwald fund and author of “Brown Am erica.” “What Hitler tries to cover up is the difference in direction,” Mr. Embree writes in an article in the March issue of The American Mercury. “While he has ciassly rcv<rsed tine clock of civilization, we in Ameli a have been slowly moving toward more tolerance and ' cer opportunity for all peo ples.” The improvement in the status and democratic opportunities of the Amercan Neg:o since eman cipation Its been phenomenal, Mr.'Frnbr ■ points out. The Ne gro I teracy rate has swelled from 5 per cent to 85 per cent. The death rate has dropped from 32 per 1000 to 14 per 1C00. Negroes have accumulated more than $2, 500,000,000 in wealth and their total purchasing power comes to two billion dollars a year. In the creative arts they have made noteworthy contributions. Mr. Embree views with optim ism the changing attitudes toward Negroes particularly the trans formation. that has occurred in the south where increasing edu- j oat:: nal opportunities are offered in sp'tv -r segregation. He stres ses tii- interest of the New Deal administration in this minority: the President’s charge to defense industries that there must Tee no discrimination in employment, the establishment of an air school for Negro pilots, the attitude of the supreme court in upholding Negro rights. While the evidences of progress are encouraging, Mr. Embree in sists that much remains to be done in giving this important minority a larger share in na tional life. He demands for them the minimum requirements that all citizens have a right to ex pect in a democracy: the right to earn a living at work for which they are fitted by merit and abili ty; the right to equal opportuni ties in education, health, recrea tion, and similar public services; the right to vote; equality before the law; courteous treatment by their fellow Americans. -ir Several Changes In Agriculture Department WASHINGTON, Feb. 26 — (ANP)—Changes in the depart ment of agriculture with the transferral of several agencies to other cities, see Giles Hubert, formerly with the rehabilitation program, sent to the field; L. H. Hcnnigan coming into Farm Se curity as information specialist on or before March 1 and Jerome J. Robinson, assistant to Constance E. H. Daniel, going to Cincinnati as personel administrator. At the same time, it is announc ed that in the old department the additions of colored workers has been noticeable. Newcomers include a statistician; a lawyer, a chemist; a linguist. Thirteen new college grads will be added to do a special job in the coding section which requires a great deal of skill and intelligence. For estry division has accepted two colored girls as messengers, with the understanding they can be promoted as their abilities war rant. -★ BETIIUNE-COOKMAN GETS s;>000 FOR BOOKS DAYTONA BEACH, Fla., Feb. 19—Bethune-Cookman college has been given $5,000 to purchase new bool s for the Harrison Rhodes Memorial library to be opened soon. The books have been or dered and are expected shortly after the new library is opened. There will be a special religious section available to the minis ters of the city. -★— The best of all governments is that** which eaches us to govern ourselves.-oethe Senate Gets Bill Against Job Discrimination WASHINGTON, Feb. 26—(AN P)—Introduced into the senate on Feb. 9 by Sen. Meade of New York was Senate Bill 2256 ‘mak ing it unlawful for any person engaged in the performance of a defense contract to discriminate •gainst or in favor of any em oloye because of race, color or creed.” Brought to Sen. Meade’s at tention by G. N. T. Gray who is identified with a movement to sponsor a national lobby here for Negroes, the bill reads as fol lows: “Be it enacted by the senate and the house of representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that any person engaged in the perform ance of (1) any contract or order for the government of any coun try whose defense the President deems vital, to the defense of the United States, pursuant to pro visions of the act entitled “An act further to promote the de fense of the United States” and: for other purposes approved j March 11, 1941, or (2) any con-| tract or order for the United' States or (3) any subcontract or suborder necessary or appropri ate to the fulfillment of any con tract or order for. any such gov ernment or for the United States, who shall discriminate against or in favor of any employe or pros pective employe or applicant for employment, because of his race color or creed, shall upon con viction thereof be punished by a fine of not exceeding $1000 or by imprisonment for not exceed ing six months or both.” The purpose of the bill is to put teeth into the orders of the President whereby cases of prov en discrimination will have a penalty other than withdrav a! of contracts. -+ Slick Supervisors Foster Jim Crow In Washington WASHINGTON. Feb. 26 — (ANP)—Day by day the pressure on Negro government worker? grows stronger, with supervisors suggesting through “gentle hints” segregation in the dining rooms in the various buildings. Latest report of this vicious practice comes from the Railroad Retirement building, behind the Social Seem ity building and ac ross from the Census building, where colored girls working for the quartermaster corps of the army are told by their superiors to use the dining room for colored workers. They make the suggestion in the most subtle manner telling the girls, it is alleged, “You may want to know that there is a din ing room for colored downstairs where you may be more comfort able.” The reaction naturally is one of resentment and the colored girls continue to use the main dining room, leaving the segregated room for these who care to follow the advice given by the southern su pervisors. Thus another government buil ding attempts to adopt a policy of segregation among its workers, all of which is meeting bitter oppo sition from the colored girls them selves. Most of the girls are newcomers to Washington unaccustomed to the segregated policy obtaining in Washington. They are quick to resent any infringement on their personal privileges and do not hesitate to tell others what they think. -★ CIVII, WAR BROUGHT NEW EXPERIENCES TO CAIRO The influx of thousands of soldiers to a military camp I brought new and varied experi ences to Cairo in the Civil War days, reports the Illinois WPA Writers’ Project. Large numbers of tradesmen, laborers, and ci vilian employes caused an acute housing shortage, so that rents soarer and an emergency build in^ boom resulted. Seeking to prey upon encamp ed soldiers, a gang of undesira bles descended upon the city and got badly tangled with military authorities. Finally, as a matter of military expedience, and to avoid conflict of authority with state officials, the city was for mally transferred by the War Department from the jurisdiction of the state of Illinois to the De partment of the Tennessee. Typists include, left to right, Aida Patterson, Louise Williams, Rebekah McKinney? standing, Adele Richardson and Frances Scott. T-- - .-.—< Everett Edmond, graduate of Terrell Law school, attached to the i Administrative Office of the War Department, Bureau of Public j Relations, scans work of mimeograph machine. Negro Workers Hold Responsible Positions With War Department Negro workers hold responsible positions in the reproduction and distribution section in the War Department where their duties in the big Munitions Building in Washington include stenography and clerical, multigraph, addres sograph, mimeograph and multi lith operations. On the efficiency of their unit depends the prompt issuance of press releases and in formation to a mailing list of 12,-* 000 names. Of the 30 employes in the sec tion, 16 are colored persons. Thir teen of these colored employes are young women representing fivd states and the District of Colum bia. They are rated by the Civil Service Commission as junior typists and junior clerk-typists, with two holding the rating of junior stenographers. The basic pay of each is $1,440 per annum. Colored men in the section are Henry Towles, multilith operator; Raymond Simmons, and Alfred Hammonds, retired Tenth Cavalry Sergeants, who handle material in the supply room. The work' of the colored em ployes is highly praised by Lt. Col. V. F. Shaw, Administrative Officer, and D. Cecil Culbertson. Chief of the Section, who is in immediate charge of the 35 work ers. When Simmons and Ham monds were in the Army, Col. Shaw was one of their officers at Fort Huachuca, Ariz., where the Tenth Cavalry long was stationed. Everette Edmond, a graduate of the Terrell Law school, has du ties in the Administrative office. Mr. Towles is a resent ofj Pittsburgh Other employes are: Mrs. Isabelle Preston, Arkansas City, Kans.; Aida Patterson, Mrs. Louise Williams, Linda Wilson and Doris Temple, New York City; Ann Haynes, Frances Scott, Mildred Rarsom, Ida Hazell. Philadelphia; Mrs. Rebekah Mc Kinney, Pittsburgh; Adele Rich ardson, Steelton, Pa., Willa Sims, St. Louis and Louise Bi'ennan, Jersey City. -I KANSAS ENDS THEATRE JIM CROW — PARSONS, Kans., Feb. 26 — (ANP)—Acting upon their own initiative, colored citizens of this city on the border line between Kansas and Oklahoma brought about an end to segregation in lo cal theatres. Using the civil rights law upon the statute books of the state of Kansas as their weapon, the battle was won without re course to the courts. A club of local women gave a line party at a newly constructed theatre. Taking seats in the bal cony, not on the main floor, the group occupied an entire row oi seats until asked by the theatre manager to move. Some cf the women left the theatre. Leland Terry, local undertaker, and Dale Tipton, a business man formed a group of citizens and contacted the attorney general of the state who quoted the state law forbidding segregation in public places. Retaining an at torney, C. E. Pie, the group wrote the attorney general who in turn notified the county attorney. Last week after a series of letters and conferences, the theatre manager told Negro citizens they could sit wherever they chose in all four theatres. , -★ New Postal Superintendent i _ Alonzo J. Jernigan, a clerk in the Chicago post office for the past 14 years, was advanced to the superintendency of South Water Market substation last week by Postmaster Ernest J. Kruetgen. •Jernigan, an active leader in ' the Chicago branch of the Nat ional Alliance of Postal Emploee,s I was born in Sandersville, Ga. I He received his education in the public schools of Chicago and at Morehouse college, Atlanta, Ga. j The new official is 34 years old and is married. Jernigan is the youngest Ne gro postal executive in the Unit ed States, according to officials Vanguard League Calls In FEPC In Job Fight COLUMBUS, Ohio, Feb. 26— (By Barbee W. Durham for ANP) —In its fight for jobs for colored women in various plants of Co lumbus, the Curtiss-Wright and Timken plants in particular since they hold large defense contracts, the Vanguard league has called in the FEPC of Washington. This fact came to light when officials of the league announced that dur ing the past three weeks, affi davits have been taken from indi viduals who have reported racial discrimination in the hiring poli cies of Curtiss-Wright, and1 in the interviewing practices of the Ohio State Employment service, recent ly changed over to the United States Employment service. These sworn statements have been turned over to the FEPC and to officials of the USES. An other part of this effort which the league is expecting to have a great deal of weight is the post cards which were sent following the George Schuyler meeting. Nearly 1000 cards were passed out to the audience, upon which complaints were written. These were immediately sent to Wash ington. As a result of these efforts, the league is expecting positive re sults within the near future. -* CONSTANCE DANIELS TO STAY IN DEE CEE WASHINGTON, Feb. 26 — (ANP) — When FSA moves to Cincinnati, Constance E. H. Dan iels, will be left oehind to assist C. B. Baldwin, the administra tor. Mrs. Daniels, an assistant ad ministrator, will have charge of the Negro work of FSA. Giles Hubert, of the rehabilitation sec tion, is slated to go along with the others to the site of the new of fices. of the N. A. P. E. The an nouncement of his promotion was acclaimed by the general public as well as by employes and officials of the local post office. SOUTH CHICAGO LIBRARY HAS NEGRO EXHIBIT — ‘The Negro’s Contribution to American Life” is the fourth of the racial and nationality exhi bits being featured monthly at the South Chicago Branch of the Chicago Public Library 9055 So. Houston avenue. South Chicago ans as well as Chicagoans from other parts oi' the-city have con tributed towards making the Feb ruary exhibit one of the finest dis plays anywhere in Chicago today. Among the rare historical doc uments are: the first diploma in Dental Surgery ever awarded a Negro woman anywhere in the world which was issued to Dr. Ida Nelson Rollins, who has always practised in Chicago, from the University of Michigan in 1890; Bill of Sale of a Slave from Geor gia, 1854; manumission (emanci pation) papers from the State of New York, 1811; . First copies of the proceedings and debates of the Constitutional Convention of the State of Ar kansas of which the Honorable William H. Gray was a represen tative; book of poems by Phyllis Wheatley, 1838; copies of “The Evening Star,” Washington, D. C., 1895, containing articles on the death and funeral of Frederick Dou/jpass; “Twelve Years a Slave,” nariative of Solomon Northrup, published in London, England and Buffalo, New York, 1854; letter introducing the Honorable Gray to the Ulster Bank of Belfast, Ire land. 1873; “Origin and History of the Books of the Bible” by C. E. Stowe, 1867; and other first edi tions of the nineteenth century. Sculpture by Richmond Bar the, Edmonia Lewis, Si Gordon; paintings by the Chicago aitists: Charles White, Bernard Goss, Wil liam Stewart, A. E. Stradford, portraits of Langston Hughes,. Richard Wright, William Attaway. George Washington Carver and other famous authors, scientists, soldiers, aitists, musicians, handi craft are also included. The crocheted American flag, made by Lillie Lawson, which was the sensation of the 1940 Exposition, is on display in the auditorium. South Chicago contributors are: Mrs. Leona Washington, presi dent of the South Chicago Com munity club, who is the chairman of the exhibit; Ethel M. Ellis, 3318 E. 89th street; Mrs. John Madison, 8735 Buffalo; Cora Edwards, 8829 Commercial; Mrs. John Morrisetti, 8953 Mackinaw; Rosabelle Cook, 3316 E. 91st street; Ada Parrish, 8941 Brandon; Otilia Lowe, 9051 Greerbay; Susie M. .Lee, 8942 Mackinaw; Ethelyn Williams, 3344 E. 91st street; Mrs. A. M. Glover, 3326 E. 90th; Charles Jones, 8946 S. Mackinaw; Clara L. Harris, 8901 Greenbay, Cornell Fletcher, 8857 Mackinaw; Benny Ellis, 3318 E. 89th street; Rython Burrage, 9016 Mackinaw; Ida M. Carpenter. Other donors are: The Hall Branch of the Chicago Public Li brary, South Side Community Art center, William ard Lou’se Pat terson, 601 E. 36th street; Mrs. Wendell E. Green, 5333 S. Mary land; Mrs. Geneva Gentry Simp | son, 5923 S. State; Mrs. Dixie Brooks Gilmer, 4937 Prairie; C. i Frances Stradford, 4937 Cham ♦ plain; Mrs. Alfreda Barnett Dus ter, 3239 S. Prairie; Claude Bar nett, head of the Associated Negro Press. The Negro Exhibit and the Ne gro History Programs were the first events of the kind ever fos tered in South Chicago. The Planning Committee consisted of: Joseph Cook, 3316 E. 91st street, general chairman; Mrs. Rosabelle Cook, Mrs. A. Wainwright, 3311 E. 91st street; Ada Parrish, Mrs. Leona Washington, Anna Davis, 8932 Avenue O; Mrs. Grace Brown, 8726 Buffalo; Mrs. Rosena Harris, 3312 E. 91st street; Lowell Martin, Librarian South Chicago Branch and Edith Wokinsky, Pub lic Relations Assistant, Bertha Jenkinson, Children’s Librarian. -★ DEFENSE WORKER WALKS FIFTEEN MILES TO WORK MINNEAPOLIS, Feb. 26—(AN P)—Harry Hill discovered during one of the recent sub-zero cold periods that the regular bus did not run to the Twin Cities Ord nace plant at New Brighton, out side of Minneapolis. As a cus todian Hill’s job is to look after some of the fires in the small buildings at the plant. Nothwith standing the 25 below zero tem perature that morning he walk ed the entire distance and rang his time card “on time”. Hill is married and the father of a five year old girl. -★ Be noble-minded! Our own heart, and not other men’s opin ions forms our true honor.— Schiller. Cesspool Cleaner Dies; Leaves His Widow $100,000 Estate QUOQUE, L. I., Feb. 26—(AN; P) — Last August, Cornelius W. j (Ken) Smith, 74-year-old handy-: man and cesspool cleaner, died.: His funeral was preached by a white minister and a white un dertaker handled the burial. Last week however, numerous friends and relatives of the deceased man were surprised when Sur rogate Richard W. Hawkins at nearby Riverhead, reported that the one-time cesspool cleaner left an estate of at least $110,000 when he died Aug. 22. Local residents were not sur prised by the size of Smith’s es tate because he had always de clared, “My greatest joy is sav ing money, and if you don't spend it, you’ll always have it.” These folks had estimated his wealth at $10,000, but a check of records revealed that he had that amount in more than, half a doz en banks. The entire estate was willed to the widow, except for $1,000 bequeathed to his sister, Mrs. Eddraner S. Pate, who lives lu Harlem. Mrs. Smith, however, refuses to discuss her fortune, but at her nine room house on Old Main road she stated, “I'm going a way, probably to Washington, and I'd rather pot talk about it.” Washington is the widow’s home. She met her late husband, a na tive of Long Island there in 1914. when she was 30 and he was 54. She became popular as waitress of one of Quoque’s leading white hotels, while he was just the handyman. Nevertheless, to please her eccentric husband, al though she also Tiked to save money, they worked harrd, con tinued to save, and as a result she is SI00.000 in cas! better off. According to t! ■ pee-'sed's^ friends, only tw;ce in hr-- life dr he leave his native home His’ biggest enjoyment was the an nual Suffolk county fair held at Riverhead, but even then he did not bother about money, being only interested in the livestock exhibition. k la SELASSIESAYS BRITAIN KEPT LONDON, Feb. 26—(ANP) — The Anglo-Egyptian agreement proves that Britain is true to the pledge made after the Italian at tack. said Emperor Haile Selassie in a statement published in the newspaper, Ethiopian Star. Britain’s sole wish, said the em peror, is to see Ethiopia restored to her rightful position as a free, ! prosperous and independent mem ber of the family of nations. “Until internal trade is re-es tablished,” he said, “I do not think Ethiopia can be of any substan tial assistance to the allied war effort as far as supplies are con cerned. In armed assistance, .it-i is my firm intention to supply a | brigade of Ethiopian troops tc take their place alongside the allied and British forces. “I realize the necessity of re taining a sufficient number ol Italian technicians until such time as they can be replaced by tech nicians from friendly countries, in older that essential services may be maintained. In view of the relatively small number who must remain, I do not consider they are a danger to allied security.” The emperor described wide spread reforms he intends to es tablish. He will rely on a system of responsible government, as sisted. at first by British advisors. Judicial courts will bp establish ed throughout the empire and communications will be improved Slavery and the gabar system have been abolished. Education will be made universal and the most modern health services es tablished. ■-★ PINKETT NEW TUSKEGEE AIR INSTRUCTOR WASHINGTON, Feb. 26—(AN P)—John E. Pinkett, son of the insurance broker and real estate dealer of Washington, has been named flight instructor at T'us kegee institute, it is reported and left the city to assume his duties at the famous school under the direction of the Civil Aeronautics Authority.