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Deny Ballots To Negroes In Arkansas Primary
SUNDAY _ PRICE HJfIS1 Atiyfl fk THE 1C1 Iff* 40 PACES TEN CENTS Jfl JE* fiJi M JEPJCfJG# THREE SECTIONS Volume 33, Number 30 TELEPHONE BOU. 7002 ~ SUNDAY, AUGUST 2, 1942 SECTION ONE ASr«RANH> FOR iHh iNAA^r aLL-ORGANIZA TIO& CROWE.— A^nong the charming ladies contesting for the honor of the NAACP All-Organization Queen for ,1942 are those listed in the picture above, reading fiom left to right: Miss AllOen Weisson, Miss Ruth Creach, Miss Blanche Clarke and Miss Alma Parkham. Sitting: Mis:: Vivian Carter, Mrs. Roosevelt Phillips, chairman. The trophies will be a warded to the successful candidates for Queen and the special medals to those suc cessful in athletics, sports and jitterbug Contests have created unusual interest and competition. The picnic will be held all day Saturday, August 1, at Libuse Park, 43rd and Harlem avenue. i COMMUNITY FORUM By F. T. LANE HOUSING — KENTS — RUBBISH! IT is becoming more anil more difficult for Ne- . groes in Chicago to find places in which to live, de cent or otherwise. The situ ation was already tight be fore the war priori ies clamped down on building materials. The only building permitted is for those engaged in defense in dustries. It will be a calamity if the Negroes who can qualify a* defense workers fail to apply for a place in these new projects. A movement is on foot to build three hundred residence units on the site of the old White City Park. While its sponsors have complied with all requirements as to rents and construction plans, all progress has been halt ed because of priorities. While we realize the winning of the war is the most important issue before us, it is also neces sary to preserve the health of those citizens who must bear the future soldiers and man the ma chines for war production. If all the Negroes who need better housing and all the pastors who know their con dition would write a letter to Continued on page 2, col. 3 -★ Let’s Find It Page Amusements . 21-24 BEE Lines . 20 Business Directory.38 Brown, Lester E. 6 Church . 36 Community Forum.1 Community News.36 Divorce Suits . 7 Downer’s Scroll . 5 Editorials . 6 Hancock, Dean Gordon . 6 Hometown News .3^ Music .12 “Native Son” .18 On the Jersey Side.21 Marriages .7 Society News .9-20 Windy City . 14 Vital Statistics . 7 RELEASE DEFENDANTS IN ARMOUR PACKING CASE ; All of the defendants except Miss Sophie Brown, 4412 Prairie avenue, who were arrested at the Armour packing plant in the Union Stock Yards last week and charged with disorderly conduct, won their freedom when the case was heard Monday, July 27, by Judge Matthew D. Hartigan, sit ting in women’s court. Those discharged were Mrs. Katie Joner, 569 Browning ave nue; Rose Richberg, 3640 State street; Maisue Currie, 4710 Wa bash avenue; Thelma Fortune. 214 East 53rd .street, and Mendia Moore, 3831 Cottage Grove ave nue. To Investigate Jim-Crow The five women were freed af ter Miss Brown • pleaded that they had committed no disturb ance, but had simply attempted to secure employment at the packing plant. Miss Brown’s counsel, Ulysses S. Keyes, a ked that he be granted further time to investigate the case, and that his client be released on her in dividual bond. Both motions were sue tained. The women were arrested Sat urday, July 18, at the door of the Women’s Employment Bureau of Armour & Company. They were charged with creating a disturb ance and blocking white women from entrance to the plant. When the case was called in court Tuesday, July 21, Judge Hartigan ordered a continuance when no one appeared for the prosecution. Racial feeling has been run ning high at the packing plant for the pa t several weeks, with threats of a possible riot immi nent. Armour & Company is charged with denying the use of waiting room facilities to Negro women, discriminating in the employment of N'egro women and condoning uniformed guards in the manhandling of colored job applicants. Elmer Henderson and Theodore Jones, representatives of the President’s Committed on Fair (Continued on page 2, col. 6) Eye Specialist Gets Post At Univ. of Chicago For the second time in as many years Dr. J. M. Richardson has been appointed clinical and re search assistant in the division of ophthalmology of the medical school, University of Chicago. Dr. Richardson was recommen ded for the position by Dr. A. C. Krause, head of the division. His duties will include lectures to the senior medical class in ophthal mology. Besides the recognition received at the university the physician has also been honored by the magazine, “Archives of Ophthal mology.” The July issue has printed a monograph on an unus ual inflammatory condition of the lacrimal or tear gland, which rep resents two years of intensive re search by Dr. Richardson. The monograph is said to be the first work of its kind to ap pear in English scientific litera ture and portions of the paper represents phases of the subject never reported upon before. -★ Negro Contractor Has Million Dollar Job WASHINGTON, July 30—AN P)—Archie Alexander, widely known contractor, is busily en gaged here building a- steel and concrete bridge across the tidal basin for the District of Colum bia. It is the first time that a Negro contractor has been a warded a contract of such magni tude by the district officials. Alexander, who has built may large projects throughout the middle-west and who only re cently finished a- $200,000 airport at Tuskegee Institute, was award ed the contract on a negotiated basis. The bridge will cost $1, 000,000. ------* _ SUCCUMBS IN HOME AFTER BRIEF ILLNESS Friends Present When End Came William H. Haynes, promi nent lawyer and civic leader, died in his home, 5431 Maryland avenue, Monday, July 27, at 4:30 p. m. He had been ill for six weeks with high blood pressure and a kidney ailment. Haynes was 48 years old. At the lawyer’s bedside when the end came were his old friends, Atty. J. Ernest Wilkins, Civil Service Commissioner Wen dell E. Green, Leonard Jewel, and Dr. Edward Beasley, his at tending physician. Atty. Haynes’ wife, Antoinette died two years ago. The noted barrister was attor- ^ ney for ■> ? National Bapti.it Convent on the time of 1 ft death: He was also a trustee or Howard university, Washington, D. C., a member of the board of directors of the Cook County Bar Association, and a director of the Victory Mutual Life Insurance company. Republican Leader Atty. Haynes was active in Re publican politics in the state for many years. On two occasions, in 1932 and in 1938, he ran for the municipal court bench. Both jg times he suffered defeat. 4 V For several years Atty. Haynes^V ^ served as an assistant state’s at- xj torney during the administration of Robert Crowe. He was later named a special attorney gener al for the state when Frank J. Loesch headed a committee in vestigating election frauds dur ing the turbulent Twenties. Atty. Haynes was, born in Nashville, Tenn., on July 21, 1894. He was a graduate of More house college, Atlanta, Ga., where he took the bachelor of arts degree in 1915. In 1916 the University of Chicago conferred a similar degree upon him. From 1916 to 1919, Mr. Haynes was an instructor in the sociology and economics classes at More house. He returned to Chicago in 1919, and entered Chicago univer sity law school, graduating in 1921 with the doctor of jurispru dence degree. Funeral Saturday Funeral services for the law yer are scheduled for Saturday, August 1, at 11:00 a. m. in the Olivet Baptist church. The Rev. J. H. Jackson will act as master of ceremonies. Other details of the rites were not complete up to a late hour Wednesday. Surviving are three children: Gloria, 18, a student at the Uni versity of Chicago; William, Jr., 16. a student at Howard univer sity, and David, 14, a student at Hyde Park High school. Atty. Haynes also leaves a mother, Mrs. Anna Haynes, and a sister, (Continued on page 2, col. 6) -♦ Policeman Kills Hoodlum Who Shot Negro Youth Policeman William Devitt of the Maxwell street station shot and killed Harry Lozano, 19, 911 Blue Island avenue, during the course of a running gun-fight Monday, July 27, after Lozano and two companions had serious ly wounded Clifton Broussard, 26. of 1216 Washburne avenue. Lozano fell mortally wounded with a bullet in his heart at the rear of 1017 South Carpenter street. His companions escaped. Broussard was treated at the Bridewell hospital, where he said he could give no reason for the shooting. FBI TO PROBE TEX. LYNCHING, SAYS BIDDLE WASHINGTON, D. C., July 30 According to an announcement by Attorney General Franci' Biddle on Friday, July 24, the Justice Department has been in structed to make an investigation of the July 12 lynching of Wil lie Vinson, 25, at Texarkana, Texas. The investigation is designed to determine for the justice de partment the identity of the lynchers, and whether they can be prosecuted under the Federal Civil Rights Statutes. Information collected by the Civil Rights Section of the jus tice department is that Vinson was alleged to have attempted to rape a white woman at a trailer camp near Texarkana. Virson was immediately seized and critically wounded in the -abdomen by his captors. He was tgken to a basement room of^the Texarkana hospital from whence he was kidnapped by tlire£ men who invaded the institution. Hospital attaches said Vinson was heard to groan fis he--was roughly thrown through the door. The injured man was dragged through the principal streets of the town behind a fast-moving automobile. Consensus is that he was already dead when the lynching took place. Neck Broken Vinson was taken to “Sunset,” the colored residential section, and hauled to the loading- plat form of a cotton gin. There his bleeding body was allowed to swoop downward until a slight crack indicated his neck had been broken. County Sheriff Monroe Watts said an investigation was being made of the crime immediately after the incident, but added he doubted if the identity of any participants could be learned. So far his prediction has been cor rect. The lynch party was said to have “escaped” before arrival of police authorities. Willie Vinson was the third re corded lynch victim of 1942, and the second in the home state of Gen. Douglass MacArthur, pre sently leading white and Negro soldiers in Australia in the fight to preserve democracy in the world. Last March a blood-thirsty mob murdered Cleo Wright, also accused of the attempted rape of a white woman. During the same month a colored soldier. Sergeant1 Thomas Foster, was shot down in the uniform of the United States government by a brutal horde of of whites on the doorsteps of a Negro church in an obscure Tex as town. Texas Rangers To Guard Court At Rape Trial —O—— TEXARKANA, Texas, July 30 —Texas Rangers will be present in the courtroom when the trial of Matt Williams, accused of the assault of a 4-year-old girl, comes up for hearing, according to an announcement last week by County Sheriff Monroe Watts. Presence of the Rangers in the court it is hoped will prevent a threatened lynching. Texarkana is the town where Willie Vinson, 25, was lynched July 12, for the alleged attempted rape of a white woman in a trailer camp. When informed that the de partment of justice planned to launch an investigation of the lynching, Sheriff Watts is report ed to have said he would wel come such an investigation. t NOTED LAWYER DIES — Atty. William H. Haynes, well known attorney, died Monday afternoon after a brief illness. He was twice a candidate for judge on the Republican ticket. MITCHELL SAYS ‘DIXIE * WHITES’DO NOT KNOW NEGRO - - ■ ■ ■ - - ■ ■ - ■ Hayes’ Beating Sanctioned By Gov. Talmadge ATLANTA, Ga., July *30—The governor of Georgia, Eugene Tal madge, defended the unprovoked police attack upon the 58-year old slightly-built tenor, Roland Hayes, this week, and issued a warning to Negroes who object ed to the state’s segregation laws “to stay out of Georgia.” Talmadge made his statement in his political weekly, the States man, in answer to numerous tele grams and letters of protest over the brutal beating of the famous singer in a Rome shoe store July 18. “This Roland Hayes was indig nant and, kicked the policeman,” wrote Talmadge in his newspa per. The governor said he intended “to protect and defend” ihe state’s segregation laws and no Negro minority or groups of lib eral whites would influence him to change his stand. “The white people of Georgia know how to treat the Negroes and the Negroes know how to act with white people,” he added. “We are going to keep the Jim Crow laws and protect them. If the Negro does not like this, my advise to him is to stay out of Georgia.” -★ NAACP ANN’L CONF. TO MEET IN KANSAS CITY, KANSAS, IN 1943 LOS ANGELES, July 30—The annual conference of the NAAC P for 1943 will be held in Kan sas City, Kansas. The invitation to Kansas City for the 34th an nual conference was extended by R. B. Brown, president of the Kansas, branch, and accepted by ' \ . On. r^TT WASHINGTON, July 30—(AN P)—Taking time out to enter Westbrook Pegler’s favorable ar ticle on the Negro in the Con gressional Record, Congressman Arthur W. Mitchell on Tuesday declared that the southern white man knew nothing about the Ne gro despite protestations to the contrary. Said the congressman: “Since I have been a member of congress, I have been approached by hundreds of outstanding men and women of the South, practi cally every one of whom profess es to know the Negro of the South. I have leaders of the white race even argue with* me that they know the Negro better than I do. Is this true? My answer is em phatically ‘No!” White people es pecially of the South, have made no particular effort to know the Negro in his higher aspirations and home life. “How many outstanding white leaders have ever spent as long as five minutes in a respectable Negro home? How many of them have ever visited the Negro churches and Negro schools? How many of them have engaged think ing Negroes in earnest conversa tion in an effort to become ac quainted with the Negro in his higher aspirations and real life? “Of course they know the Ne gro who frequents the police courts. They know the Negro who works in their kitchen and does the menial work around their homes, but they do not know Ne gro lawyers, Negro physicians, Negro businessmen, Negro editors, Negro college presidents, Negro teachers and social leaders, Ne gro ministers of the higher type? They do not and they make no serious effort to know them.” the delegates in the closing busi ne s meeting of the 33rd annual conference. Saturday morning, July 18. DENY BALLOT TO NEGROES IN ARKANSAS LITTLE ROCK, Ark.—Negro voters who attempted to cast ballots in the July 27 primary election here were turned away by polls officials, but a few old time residents of one Arkansas community were allowed to vote in the Democratic primary which a state law says is open only “to qualified white per sons.” Dr. J. M. Robinson, president of the Negro Democratic asso ciation which sponsored the vote attempts here and in Pine Bluff and Forrest City, said Thurgood Marshall, special attorney for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, would be notified of results. Robinson’s action was regard ed by observers as the beginning steps for possible legal action to force participation of Negroes in general elections upon state par ty chiefs. At Camden, a few Negroes who have voted in past elections, cast their ballots as usual with out event. There were no dis tu» bonces reported aT^rrij of the polls throughout the state where colored citizens tried to vote. J. H. McConico, 58. secretary of the association, reported the first results of the ballot cast ing attempt. He was stopped at the polling place door by a bailiff who told him: “This elec tion is for white electors only.” McConico, who said his vote had been unchallenged since 1926. walked away without incident. A spokesman for the Negro Democratic association which claims 10,000 members,- said it based its action upon a 1941 Su preme court ruling which said primary elections and' nominat ing conventions were subject to federal regulation insofar as they apply to candidates for federal offices. It said the decision sup erseded a ruling by the white state organization in 1930 which reserved the right to restrict membership as do fraternities and other associations. Marshall was reported to be conferring with department of justice officials at Washington on the situation. Meanwhile, election returns reveal that Brooks Hays, former Farm Security administration official, who is a candidate for Congress from the third district, was gaining over his rival, J. W. Fulbright, ex-president of the University of Arkansas. Hays was criticized before the primary in a full-page newspaper adver tisement placed by Lieut. Gov. Bob Bailey, of Russellville, for participation in the 1939 conven tion of the southern conference for human welfare at Birming ham, Ala., at which an anti-Jim Crow law resolution was passed. -* WOMEN SHOULD WATCH NAVY AUXILIARY WASHINGTON, July 30— Quietly and without fan-fare, the navy department is setting out to organize a woman’s auxil iary similar to the army auxil iary, only it will be kept down to 10,000 women. No definite plans have as yet been announc ed save for the fact that Con gress approved the measure set ting up the organization. Negro women are warned to keep posted as to the progress be ing made in this direction since they will be eligible for some of the posts to be offered. -ir FALLS THROUGH GLASS DOOR WHILE DRUNK Drinking too much “fire wa ter” nearly proved fatal for Alexander Richards, 41, 5324 Cal umet avenue. Last Sunday while in a state of inebriation Richards fell through the plate glass door of his apartment building and sustained lacerations of the arm and face.