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THE GARDEN ISLAND.
Geography That is Sure to Stick When Once Learned By Carrie P. Ilcrndon A young man just from college, 'said to me, the other day, "I wish I could study Geography as it is taught to-day. When I studied it . Geography meant only a memoriz ing of facts. That there was rea son back of these facts which the children might possibly compre hend ami enjoy seemed never to have occurred to our teacher. J ust facts, facts, facts, and woe betide the youngster who could not sax over just what the look said. Staying after school or even whip ping on the hand was often the penalty. My powers of memoriz ing' were great, so of course I fared well, while the only boy in the class whoever thought or asked questions was always in trouble. "Of course I never learned any Geography and of course I remember none." He might very much better have said, "Of course I saw the reason for none of the facts I learned a n d memory alone could nt hold them." The state texts, adopted by the supposedly best educators of many of our great, rich states, are still organized and the old plan of facts strung together without the least suggestion that one is in any way related to or dependent on the other. These old books are adopted be cause they are cheaper and the text book committee must save the peo ple's money. But do they save it? The average child studies geogra phy three or four years, but leaves school admitting that he knows nothing about it. Three days of school, eight months to the year and twenty days to the month, means four hundred eighty days. Suppose the children devote one hour a day to Geography study. That means four hundred eighty hours. We pay a good bright boy at our Industrial School seven cents an hour for his time. That is f.LV6n for the time spent on his geography. Is it not worth while to put into his hands a book, w hich if mastered will stick? A b o o k which w ill send him into the world to put a question mark after each man's business success or failure, each nation's growth or decline? Tile old book devotes a paragraph each to surface, climate, plants, aniwals, occupations, cities, gov ernment and religion without any idea of showing the interdepen dence of these. The best u e w books start with some great essential facts about a country and all these paragraphs above which we admit mibt be taught, unfold as naturally as a blossom. The I'nitcd Slates has a population of something like ninety two millions. Canada, lying to the North of us. has an area greater than our own and yet her population is less than six millions, about one fifteenth as large as our own. Now why is this? Canada was discovered and settled about the same time that the United States was. Why have ninety-two millions flocked to t h e United States while the people of Canada are equal in numbers to the state of Pennsylvania? A study of the climate of Canada now has for us adefinite purpose. It is to help us solve a problem that is now of in terest to every school boy. A study of the water ways that permitted the early settler to go to the interior a n d to carry on trade naturally follows. The fact that our water ways are always open to trade while those of Canada are blocked for five months of the year helps him solve the problem of the differ ence in population, and since there is the cause and effect relation it is not hard to remember. Take our great staple crop. corn. A few mouths from the time it was plant ed il was ready to b e eaten on the table and yet throughout the entire year it w as so easily pre served and prepared as good both for man and beast. What a wealth of food arranged along a single cob! How easily prepared to tempt man's appetite! This one crop, that did more than any other to make early settlement possible, was or was not a product of Canada . Again we read with the idea of solving our problem of the-difference in population. Our greatest crop, cotton, the exports of which brought into our c o u n t r y i n 1 01 i.S 5 ". ufo,0" and has increased every year since, what of this crop in Canada? You do not lind it mentioned. Wheat will occur to us as one of our great crops. Turn to the crop tallies given in our best books. You will lind the order United States. Russia, France, In dia, AusU ia-Hungary and Italy. Again Canada is not mentioned. Look at the table for sugar cane. The order is Cuba. Java, United States, Hawaii. Brazil. Again Canada isuot m uitiemcd w bile we rank third. In the wool table the United States is not so high in the scale ranking fourth. Canada is not mentioned. The abundance and the close proximity of coal and iron, we are told, were the great reasons for England's manufacturing supre macy. Look at the coal table. The order is United States, Great Britain. Germany, Austria-Hungary. In iron the order is United Stales, Cuinanx . Great Britain. Spain, l'raiicc. Canada docs not figure. In gold the order is Trans vaal. United St ites. Au- iralia. Rus sia. Mexico. The silver 1 hart runs. United States. Mexico. Australia. Canada, Peru. Germany. While the name United States appears in many instances first, Canada occurs but once and that in the last and least important chart and l h e n holds but the fourth place in the chart wh.ile the United Slates holds first place. Now we are prepared to study w ith a purpose the plants, animals, and minerals of Canada. The sort of occupation these pro duets offer the people grows na turally from what has preceded. A Study of the sort of people best adopted to these occupations follows naturally. We next :r-kcd the question, would t he se i ecu pa I ioi is de-maud niaiiv small trading j N or few great cities? Where are tile natural locations fnr these towns and cities? And lastly, name-some of them and see what the book has to say about their character and why they are w hat they are. Thus you see these facts about Canada are strung together in the relation of cause ami effect. They are not hard to remember. Our best new Geographies are written in this way. Such Geography is bound to to stick. Is it extravagant to put one of these new- books into the hands of our children? His four hundred and eighty hours spent on Geography may thus be made a veritable delight, a period of solv ing great problems, a period of thinking relations instead of a dreary grind on facts, facts, facts, most of which are destined to be crowded out of memory by n e w lacts. Let us look at the n i i t-M,1 rivers that ma le e.nly se'.tle-.i;-. '.! possible. The Am 'on i s navi gable for steamboats for a d:stance of twetttx two bundled miles from the sea. almost across the continent . The drainage we are- studying now is a factor in the- solution of our problem, not as an isolated fact. The question of the source of this vast amount of w.i ler in the Amazon comes up naturally and the rainfall of the equatorial region beeomcs a matter of interest. h'eod supply is a matter of great -ft imp'-r'.anre to the- early settler. The matter of he dtli and m ile ! i.d for building a home are ol greate-st importance. Next ct.nies theqiies t i i 'il what does the country afford th .1 .-.in ivadilv find a m -ket and bring w.a'th to the i-e'. ;! r? As suming that climate lm-st like that of Europe is best suited to the Europe ails w ho . re to set1, e this new country, we study the climate of the Amazon, Lal'iata audi Amies sections with a purpose and we can easily remember why Argentina. Uruguay and Paraguay are the most progressive sections of South America and why Brazil, one of the principal diatm.-tid producing countries of the world, and having about the same area as the United States, has but one-fifth as m. un people. The study of the Amax-n jungle as to its possibilities European settlers now has a pur pose. But one large town is feu ml in this entire Am.: -.a v. .lie ."m Buenos Aires, at the i;;.;;.;li of He La Plata, is the largest cl'.v of South America, having over a million inhabitants, and Montevideo in Urugu-iy is larger thin Mon treal, and the La l'lata valley is dotted w i t h huge, prosperous towns. Tin.1 location of cities and tow ns. their sizes, the occupation of the people call all be compre hended when we compare these two great river valleys as to their possibilities for European settlers. SHIPPING WS WEDNESDAY. The S . S . Xii-.iii arrived at Kcalia o 11 her n-giilar powde-r trip to the1 xxind x ard side of the island. She aiso can le d s o 111 e misee llallcanous freight for KiLitea. The S. S. Kimui arrived at three llrrtx- Wednesday morning on her leg-;! iv tt 'o. !:; ting fine weather and a s'uo.edi tnp. The lumber schooner Defiance, vlr.li had beetl lx : ug at Port Allen for a' nut two weeks discharging a e'o ", s : g 1 1 men t of 1 umber, sailed last Thursday, destined for Grey's Harbor. S. Ur Jay: The Like-like, Capt. Naopula, arrix-ed at Nawiliwili at .5:15 a. m. with 18 cabbin and 13 deck passengers. The L:ke-like taking the Hall's run while t h e Liter is unde: going repairs. She brought a large assortment of freight for Nawiliwili and 17.UU0 feet of Limber for Ahukini. Purser Richter reports a smooth trip. We would respectfully call the ''' : our ! der.s to ti;e no t ce ot respiration appearing in ta s issue, and cdvis e itrs to gs-tt iiu til - r.-gisira .ton o.Tui. E HONOLULU UBUT For Suburban Real Estate Investments, Honolulu today presents opportunities that cannot be found in any other American city. We firSt invite your attention to the millions of dollars now being spent on the Panama Canal and Honolulu's Military improvements, giving absolute assurance to Honolulu's promising future to say nothing of her splendid Agricultural and Residental advantages--and second, your attention to Palolo Hill and Ocean View Two magnificent suburban properties located in the Kaimuki diSlrid, where home building adivity surpasses anything ever known in the Hawaiian Islands. Kaimuki, on account of its high elevation, healthful climate and beautiful scenery, is recog nized as the bet residential sedion of the city, and purchasers today will reap the full benefit of a magnificent residential sedion in a growing American City. Our Prices and Terms are Reasonable fAMVIUtl LAND COMPANY, LIMITED HONOLULU, T. H. I Please Tell them you saw it in THE GARDEN ISLAND when you write out that next order