Newspaper Page Text
THE GARDEN ISLAND TUESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1914
FAXON B SHOP S ADDRESS
HAWAIIAN SUGAR CROP
From October 1, 1913, To September
(Compiled by Iturenti of Lnbor nnd
Statistics, Hawaiian Sugar Planters'
ID THE SUGAR PLANTERS
The follo. ' 'dress,
hy ret ir tig l'ii..-.i;i nt I.. I-axon
IJishuu lietortj the Sugar 11 .liters'
Assoeia: ion at Hotinlulu, was
crowded out of last issue:
Mr. Bishop's Address
President Bishop's opening address
"In an address to this association
lit tin- tw Piity-fit'tli n 1 1 n it 1 meeting in
3 in T. 1 made the statement tliat tlie
sugar crop of that year, 410.(117 tuns,
was a record breaker.
"Nothing is more significant of the
progress ot the industry in Hawnn
.. .. i.i -. in, er.
"Tl.eie has been pi ai t ically no
liauge iii the political factors hearing
upon our in. Ins-try (luring the past year,
i icier the provisions ot the 1 ' inlcr v ood
liiiiiV act nt' 11)1'!, uliich is now t'u
iii of the land. .sugar will aiitoinuit
i.i'1;- ;jo on t le free list in May, linn
.! ipi'iais to nie entirely utiliko'y that
. o.' .hing vill transpire in the time in
'c: : v'iig to cliange this program.
'.Much has transpired, giving ample
i' a.-i ti tor corgress to retain the duty
en s vi'r, and the Federal governmc it
at the present time is luully in need
of revenue. Congress has passed
revenue net, taxing innumerable nrii
than the fact that the Year 1914. with ' eies, but it seems to be the determiii
a total crop of til7.o:iS tons, also makes: "ticn of the party in power to continue
a new record, showing as it does a gain . s free sugar policy. 1 do not believe
in total output of t'ortv per cent in ' :l.v chniige of attitude in this respect
seven vears. During 'the past four!"''" !lli' l''e while the Democratic
rears, there lias been fluctuation in the' l'r,r,.v is 'oiitrol of the congress, im
ml nnti.nt l.ntn-i.cn ruiiunil toiis ' "'" forced by a need of revenue even
and this vear's figure of til7.n:is tons, U.reater than caused up to the present
indicating that we are at the maximum ,n"u '.v l i"'i'l", war.
anil that we mav regard .."')( i in to
fino.nou ,uns the normal Hawaiian
A Year of Surprises
"The results of our industrial efforts
for the year 1!M4 have certainly been
phenomenal and upon the whole satis
factory beyond all anticipation. The
year opened with a very depressing
outlook. The impending reduction of
tariff, which became legally operative
on March 1 last, began to be discount- , , , , , 1 ; t i - 1 1 consistent. YV
eil in .la unary, and with the largo i1(,v ,,r;.00l j j, with a.
wuii'i s supply oi sugar in sigoi jui
the year, markets were stagnant with
R declining tendency, until a minimum
of 2.01V was reached in April, followe
The Publicity Campaign
"The efi'orts of this association, re
speeling protective legislation to tie
sugar industry, diir'nm the wist venr.
I l ine been confined to a publicity poli
' cy calculated to give the public ti p
ii.tual facts upon the question. Poli
tical parties are so set on their so-called
policies and fix their activities so posi
i tively along political lines that it seems
j like wasted effort to plead for a .just
nnse, unless it he nt the same tune
e are aeeord-
liroceeding with an educational
publicity campaign, which we are hope
ful will put the public right as to the
need of protecting the home product r
by a moderate and gradual reaction to j Mufc.t pu(. House j 0rder
3.31c in .In! v. At these values there i , ... . , . . ,
nt best, n bare margin of profit! . ,U l''li'-"t to draw a gloomy
in the Hawaiian sugar industry, not-j "' '"'''' ';' an unfavorable fore
withstanding the fact that climatic .:,"t "r l'';-l't' " to what the fi.tu.e
conditions were favorable in most dis
tricts, and it was apparent that yields
were miming ahead of estimates.
War Creates Commercial Advantage
"The breaking of the war cloud in
Km j, e, at the end of July, brought a
change of great financial advantage
to Hawaii, the market price reaching
a maximum of (i.olic on August l.'S, fol
lowed bv reaction and steady decline
through September and October, the
market price on October 31 being 3.."lc,
very nearly the level of price which
prevailed nt the outbreak of the war,
H.-7:'. During August and September,
favoring chance saw a large quantity
of Hawaiian sugar reach market.
"It is perhaps a gruesome thought
that the horror of war should bring
commercial advantage to any industry
or to any community, but a careful in
vestigation of the causes bringing this
about shows no suspicion of any action
on the part of the Hawaiian sugar pro
ducers, having to do with the abnormal
advance in values which occurred, as
Maessehacrt's Mill Invention
"Looking over the ground of achie
vement during the year past, it seems
to me that in the mechanical line the
grooving of mill rollers after the prin
ciple devised by Mr. Mnosschnert of
Wnipahu, as well as of the study of
mill roller setting, are the most signi
ficant. "There are no figures available as
to pains made, due to changes in mill
grooving and mill setting, but if it
could be correctly determined in tons
of sugar, 1 mil convinced it would run
into large figures. We do know, for
instance, that nine roller mills, here
tofore rendering an extraction of U'A.'i
per cent, have improved their elliciencv
as much as three per cent, and an ap
preciable gain has been made in every
n. ill that 1 have any knowledge of
where the Macsschaci t grooving has
Commendation For Experts
"While referring to what bus been
achieved during the year past, I wish
to make a special reference- to the or
ganizations of the Chemists and F.n
gineering Associations, whose work and
annual conventions have become an es
tablished feature in our industrial pro
gress. "The personnel and membership of
these Asociations are largely of the
expert cla s engaged, directly or indi
rectly, will the manufacture of sugar,
:i..l tlm i.i .1 tilimiw f.t tlutir in pet i mrs i
. .. . . .'. V .. ,..i.i. iv ... i.:.. i, ' 'Hairs.
reoeii u jnioiai'ic euoii to uiium incit
er standards of achievement, which is
of substantial benefit to the sugar in
dnxtry as a whole, and this effort car
rying with it an evident interest in
their work is worthy of the hightest
commendation and encouragement."
Experiment Station's Triumphs
"The report of the experiment sta-j
tint, committee and its director fully !
covers the work of the station for the I
year, and 1 will not attempt to go I
into the detail of it, as the report it- j
self will come under discussion during I
"In passing, however, 1 have note I '
with particular interest that the eu-
nas in store lor our industry, but I
feel entirely justified, in view of tlu
actually existing factors bearing on the
jiiestion. to sound a note of caution.
"In the first half of the year we
were well started upon a policy of re
trenchment pressed upon us by the nil
but conclusive fact that after May
ll'ld we must have our house in ordi r
to produce sugar in competition wil'i
the world, without the protection by
tariff that has heretofore safeguarded
us. or else go to the wall.
"During the past four mouths, con
ditions have obtained, due to the ef
fects of a Kuiopeun war, that l ave for
the moment eased up mi the pressure
that we are tinder, and diverted iks in
some ineaMire from this purpose.' It is
dillicult perhaps to close the eye and
turn a deaf ear to a situation so bril
liant and alluring, to a sensation so en
thusiastic, ns possesses the system of
the sugar producer when the -value of
his pro. In. t soars to a point only at
tainable through some abnormal event
having (alien place. Moreover, it is
human to be happy and industrial pros
perity is a powerful influence in the
t'nitimeiit of that constitutional pre
rogative, 'the pursuit of happiness.
V.'-.vr Tills Must Bs Paid
"Kven so, we must not blind our
selves to I lie fact, as borne out by the
meteoric fluctuations iii sugar values
that have taken place in the past four
months, that abnormal prosperity is
Mining, and we must not allow' uu
seb.es to be misled by the prosperity
if the moment into the belief that sup
posititious ami unknown influences will
spiing up at the eleventh hour to our
"The war bill of Kurope must bo
universally contributed to in one form
or another, and our share of it will be
exaited as a matter of course. Much
conjecture is rife its to what the con
gress must do to meet revenue needs,
and much plausible reasoning is offered
in support of a favorable change in the
present prospect of the sugar industry,
all of which is calculated to comfort
ami make ns sleep better o' nights.
"Perhaps also life without hope is
a dismal business. Kven so, if any
there be who are optimistic over Ha
waii's position under the provisions of
the T'nderwood tariff act. I envy tlicin
tiieir temperamental makeup.
Wanted, a Political Moses
"If we brush aside all speculation
as to what 'may happen,' and get right
down to the hard pan of 'what has hap
pened,' we will reach the only safe basis
for the government and conduct of our
As already stated, 'Free Su-
:.' is l.aw. That law may be some
:;. repealed. When ? no man can tell.
Only a political Moses will lead us
out of the w ilderness. My earnest rci -oinmendatioii,
therefore, is that we gird
ourselves up anew, after the respite of
the past four months, with u determiii
ed purpose of preparation for a period
of lean years that must surely inter
vene between May of HUti and the time
that will perhaps come back to us when
our national councilors will return to
a recognition of those princiules of pro
tection to industry which have con
tributed in so large a measure to our
country s greatness and the prosperity
of its people.
tiiuioliigii al division has I. ecu giving . ti. ie,nr i-Maoo
1..1 .. t ,.,..,.. i. t.. w.....n.;ii.r .. t..ii-.i.i
file for the Ano.nola beetle, probable! '"' "'" V,''-v
1 ost dangerous pes, now extant , .'' 't''"'l'"'' todav
i ,r i. 1.1- nl, ,,...., ,,. v.-, ""' trustees, I e-
ee.iFii t'l i-iiiiii. (
.l r. .lu ir, w ho has recently return
td from the Orient where he has been
scai 'liing for the desired paiasites, has
already sent in the Tiphia, a parasitic
wa-p which attacks the larvae of the
A ii. i in. hi. It is not vet known whether
tli- parasite has 1 e.otne positiely p.v
tabl:,hed. Mr. Muir also repm t s ' that
he has identified other parasites prey
ing upon the Anomola beetle, but thus
far has been unable through trails. or
tutiou ditlicullios, to get them to Ha
waii. "The agricultural ditision of the
station continues its impoitant work of
ib vi loping seedling canes and during
the . oming year l;irur r -upi-lies ol' tin:
Seed of the l.ew nrieties will be avail
tib'e. The work of the pathological,
analytical and factory inspection bu
reaus lias I ecu progressing j (,,. usunl
gl" I to see
;. I on be-
I I you a
forlnnate in having with us today four
, members of the 'Senior Class' of this
association 1. I'. Jones, 1 A. Schae
fer, (I. N. Wilcox and W. O. Smith
w ho were Hjjnnl members w hen this
organization was formed.
"The impoitant feature of our an
nual meeting, the reports of committees,
have been printed and placed in year
hands well in advance of the session,
so that ,ou should be in a position to
give them the thorough discussion and
consideration which they merit.
"I ivish to thank the several com
mittees for the good work they linv.'
done this ear. as well lis getting their
reports into the hands of the secre
i.v in season for early publication
ii-ioei noil iiilliae, which t am srie
regarded as highly desirable and ,
regular practice. J
The following table gives the totals
of the Hawaiian sugar crop for the
period fioin October 1, 11113. to Sep
tember 30, Kill, according to datu
compiled by the bureau o1' labor ami
statistics of the Hawaiian Sugar Plan
The total crop handled by the agon
cirs is lis follows:
. 111. lili
('. l'.rewer ic. Co.. I.t 1
Alexander Pnblwin, Ltd
II. Haekfebl & Co., Ltd. .
I ast'c Cooke, Ltd
Theo. 11. Davies 4c Co., Ltd
Hishop & Co
F. A. Schaefer & Co., Ltd
Mnkee Sugar Co
Hind. Kolph & Co
Ilenrv Waterhouse Trust Co.,
.1. M. Dow sett
II. M. von Holt
liy plantations and Islands the total
crop is ns follows:
Olaa Sug. Co. Ltd
Waiakea Mill Co
Ililo Sug. Co
Hawaii Mill Co., Ltd.
Ononiea Sug. Co
I'epeekeo Sug. Co. ...
Ilonomu Sug Co
Ilakalau Plan. Co. ..
Kaiwiki Sug. Co.,
Kukitiau Plan. Co.
Hamakua Mill Co.
Paauhait Sug. Plan
llonokna Sug. Co. . . .
I'acifie Sug. Mill ...
Niulii Mill & Plan. . .
Kohala Sug. Co
I ii ion Mill Co
Hawi Mill & Plan. ..
Kona Devel. Co., Ltd
Hutchinson Sug. Plan. Co.
Hawaiian Agri. Co 17,800
Pioneer Mill Co., Ltd 28,302
Olowalu Co 2,027
Wailuku Sug. Co 10,100
llnwn. Com '1 & Sug. Co.. 50,500
Maui Agri. Co 33,(i(i0
Kaelekn Plan. Co.. Ltd... 0,225
Kipahnbi Sug. Co 2,120
Honolulu Plan. Co 20,154
Oahti Sug. Co., Ltd 33,474
Kwa Plan. Co 20 503
Apokaa Sug. Co.. Ltd 025
Waianac Co 3,083
Waialua Agri. Co., Ltd .. .30.208
Knhiikii Plan. Co 8.103
Laic Plan. .
Koolau A gri. Co.. Ltd . .
Waiiunnnlo Sug. Co. ...
Lihue Plan. Co., Ltd. . .
(irove Par m Plan
Koloa Sug. Co
Mcllryde Sug. Co., Ltd.
Hawaii. in Sug. Co
Cav & Robinson
Waimea Sug. Mill Co. .
b'el aha Sug. Co., Ltd. .
1'state V. Knudsen ....
Kilauea Sug. Plan. Co..
Makee Sag. Co
. 1 0,345
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