Newspaper Page Text
MlM Elsie Wilcox
v He Some One gives When you buy War Savings Stamps you do (wo things, you help your country and yourself. Put your money in the govern ment's hands. his LIFE what are YOU giving? think a minute All of the Red Cro.i War Fund Koe for War Relief ESTABLISHED 1904. YOL. 15. NO. 12. LIHUE, KAUAI, TERRITORY OF HAWAII. TUESDAY. MARCH 25, 1919 SUBSCRIPTION RATES, $2.50 PER YEAR 5 CENTS PER COPY Solons Inspect Kauai Lands House concurrent resolution No. 28 may he regarded as the crystallization of land legislation for this session of the legislature. This resolution, which proposes changes i n the land laws to he effected through aninicnd lnents to the Organic act provis ions, is the work of Governor Mc Carthy and was first submitted to a joint meeting of the lands committee of both houses at an executive session attended by the Governor, land commissioner and ai torney general. In order to better acquaint themselves with the situation and with the purpose of investigation of homesteading matters in view, as well, the Public Lands Com mittee from .the JJouse of Repre sentatives arrived at Nawiliwili last Friday and proceeded direct from there to Kekaha to investi gate the government lauds held by Kekaha Sugar Company. The inembers of the committee who made the trip were, Hon. W. T. Rawlins, chairman of the lands committee; Hon. .S. K. Kaahu, of this island; Hon. L. L. Joseph, of 9 Maui ; Hon. Otto Rose, of Ililo ; lion. E. K. Kaaua, of Hawaii and Hon. J. S. Kalakiela, of Oahu. The committee was accompanied by Land Commissioner Bailey and R. A. McNally, editor of the Star Bulletin. At Waimea, Hans Peter Faye, manager of Kekaha Sugar Com pany, met the party and proceed- ed to guide the committee over the entire plantation, explaining the entire situation in minute de tail. The Kekaha Situation There are approximately 4,000 acres of government land under cane at Kekaha. Of this about 3000 acres is ilat bottom land, ir rigated with water conveyed by ditch from the Waimea Valley and other water taken from shal low wells. The remaining land under cultivation of cane, is Kula land and some lesser slopes of land on the shelves above Kekaha. The Kula land and the shelves are irrigated, with the exception of a few hundred acres on the lower slopes, by electric pumps operated by power generated by the big plantation power station up Waimea Valley. By the system involved at Kekaha the same wat er that supplies the power for pumping is used for irrigating the uplands of the plantation. As explained by Mr. Faye, the head of water in Waimea Valley con sisting of a minimum How of 30, 000,000 gallons per 24 hours, is used to operate the power plant up Waimea Valley. After being used for purpose of generating . electricity the water is conveyed by ditch to Kekaha where about half of the water is used on the Hat and the other half is raised by a series of electric pumps to irrigate the uplands. The elec tric pumps are operated by the power generated up the valley. The main ditch at Kekaha is at an elevation of over 500 feet. Large pumps raise the water from the level of the ditch to a higher level 300 feet over the main ditch, and from this point small er pumps elevate some of the water to a level 1520 feet higher, making the highest ditch on the. plantation over 1100 feet above sea level, and the bight that water is raised by the series of pumps is 020 feet. Manager Faye explained that 020 feet was by no means the limit of economical pumping, but that with the development of more power up Waimea Valley the pumping plaut could be increased in size to raise water to the higher levels of highly fertile soil that lie contingent to the present culti vated areas. These higher areas consist of thousands of acres, and there are also thousands of acres at a lower elevation above Maim, that could be developed in a like manner were there water and power enough. Mr. Faye also ex plained that the power was not difficult to develop. By installing another power station a step higher than the present plant the same water could be used to oper ate both plants, operating one generator after another. In order to have sullicient water to irrigate these upper levels it would also be necessary to develop more water in the streams that are tributary to the Waimea River. According to Mr. Faye this would not be a. very difficult matter, but in order to interest private capital in such an undertaking he thought that at least a 35 year lease should be granted on these upper lands. He claimed it would be six years before the benefit could be derived from the improvements and a short lease would not war rant any great investment in im provements of this nature. Having investigated the up lands the committee proceeded to the lowlands where Mr. Faye led them through the 11 mile shoe string of level bottom land known as the cream of the Territory, and called "The Kekaha Gold Mine." Here Mr. Faye showed them fields that produced regularly 10 tons of sugar to the acre, and he pointed out one Held that had been planted in 1891 and had never been replanted since. Said field is yielding bountiful crops to this day. Further investigations led the committed to the mill, which, along with the land, all permanent improvements suujh as railways and irrigation works, pumps and generators revert to the govern ment at the expiration of the lease earlv in 1021. The mill roll ers are good and excellent extract ion is obtained, but the sugar boiling department and the cen trifugals are very old and out of date. After the investigation and in spection of the entire property several members of the committee expressed their opinions as to the proper disposal of the vast estate which is soon to become the prop erty of the people. The general opinion seemed to be in favor of the new land policy as presented in concurrent reso lution No. 2S. As applied to Ke kaha the mill and nil improve meats on the estate along with one third of the land would be re leased to the plantation, the same to be operated under a license. Thereupon the remainder of the land would be opened to home steading. In return for the license granted, the plantation would agree to mill homestead ers' cane under a contract for the period of duration of the license, At Kekaha the kula lauds and up per shelves would be best turned over to the plantation as the com (Continued on Page 3) Local News Gathered from here and there $ 5 S J J $ $ S "$ J t "5 Benson, Smith & Company's traveling man, W. F. Wallace, has been with us the last ten days, making Lihue his headquarters. H. Furia, representing the Ar mand Weill Company, of Honolu lu, arrived Friday and is visiting his customers. 13. Lindner of the lloffschlueger Company, returned to Honolulu Saturday after a ten days visit among Kauai business men. 1. II. McClean, who represents the Deere Plow people of Moline, 111., arrived Friday and is visiting the different plantations with several new things in his line. Judge C. B. Hofgaard of Wai mea, was a Lihue visitor Friday and Saturday, displaying much interest in the new cottages the Lihue Plantation has erected lately. All who are interested in the Napali mountain park, summer outings and that sort of thing ought to make a point of seeing the fine pictures of that region now being displayed in the Lihue Store window. Ten Chinese and one lone Japanese gambled on Saturday night in Lihue and neglected the usual precautions with the result of the police surpris ing the gamblers in tho act. Ten dol lars bail exacted of each man was duly forfeited in court Monday morn ing. Wm. Henry Rico of Lihue, has had news from his son, Harrison, who is a student at the Thatcher school at OJai, in Southern California, that ho is very active in track athletics there. At a recent athletic meet Harrison was anchor man on his school relay team, and with the other runners ahead of him, he won out at tho finish with a three yard lead, winning tho championship for his school over eleven other schools. :0: Better Homes for Koloa The Koloa Plantation has been do ing some excellent work of late in tho way of housing improvement for their employees. A number of very com fortable, as well as artistic, houses have been built for tho skilled em ployees, which, ranged on tho mauka street, with nice lawns sloping down, make it a very attractive residence section. Similar improvements are being made in the laborers' cottages, and a number of model little homes hav,o been recently finished which look very cosy nnd comfortable. Theso betterments are not spas modic efforts, but are part of a well considered policy of housing improve ment that aims to eliminate all the old houses built by tho mile, and re place them with modern up-to-date homes. The End in Sight The intlucnza situation is so much improved that it now looks as though the epidemic would soon be back history. There are 53 cases at Makaweli, an even hun dred at Lihue, 70 at 131eele, and 25 at Koloa. There are a few cases of a mild type at Kekaha, and a tew at Kealia. NOTICE Tho chairman and ladles of tho Westorn Kauai Branch of tho Ameri can Red Cross would like to state that as soon as tho order came from Mrs. MacFarlane to place tho Red Cross at tho disposal of tho epidemic of "flu" on tho island of Kauai, all orders coming in from Koloa to Mana were quickly filled without any meet ings, but placed in tho homes of the members of tho organization. Sheets, pilow cases, towels, pajamas, bed shirts, warm flanneletto gowns, "flu" masks and other small articles were provided at short notice. Knitting still goes on for tho Siberians, and clothes for tho layottcs. WESTERN KAUAI UNIT. RED CROSS JEAN H. DANFORD, Vlco-Chalrman. PREPARATIONS FOR THE FAIR W. F. Sanborn, manager of liana lei Ranch and Fair Com Hiissioner for Kauai, is working hard to have Kauai make a big showing at the coming Territorial Fair. Mr. Sanborn took the mat ter up at the planters' meeting at Lihue last Wednesday morning, putting it up to the plantation managers of Kauai to help out in the proposition. The Kauai man agers displayed a good deal of in terest in the fair and have prom ised to support the measure with a liberal exhibit. They will come through with the exhibits, they say, but they would like to know just what kind of an exhibit is wanted from each individual plan tation. This matter Mr. San born is taking up at the present time, and he intends to assign each plantation some kind of an exhibit to prepare. An attempt will be made to make the exhibits as diversified as possible, assign ing each plantation an exhibit appropriate, for its conditions. In this manner Kauai should be ex tremely well represented, and will come across with the same win ning spirit to make the fair a success, that she lias displayed in all public spirited undertak ings. Kauai planters are also in favor of holding a local fair at Lihue every other year, believing that a good deal of benefit could be de rived by such an undertaking. A county fair would require much less expense, and at the same time would be a very educational and interesting attraction for Kauai people. According to Mr. Sanborn, floral exhibits will take an im portant part in the fair program. Tuesday, June 10th will be Hi biscus day, Wednesday, June 11th will be flower basket day, and June 12th will be cut llower day. Kauai should be able to make a good showing along lloral lines, and several prominent people have already become interested in send ing exhibits to the fair. Mrs. Chas. A. Rice of Lihue, is a mem ber of the cut llower committee of the Territorial Fair, and will help out in stimulating interest in floral exhibits. Miss Elsie Wilcox of Lihue, is a member of the Home Economics committee. Mr. Sanborn will rec ommend that Mrs. Burke of Ka paa, Miss Fisher of Lihue and Miss C. A. Thompson of Maka weli be placed on the school gard en and domestic science com mittees. It is Mr. Sanborn's intention to have a special space reserved at the fair grounds for the Kauai exhibits, and 'to award special prizes to nil Kauai people who place prize winning exhibits. A Farewell Outing A very delightful farewell affair was given the other evening in honor of Miss Ida Klalber, who has returned to Honolulu aftor n period of most efficient and faithful service in our recent ilu epidemic. Tho party motor ed to tho Barking Sands at Mana in timo for supper and a very dainty and delicious spread was served on the beach. Tho party consisted of Dr. and Mrs. Dunn, Miss Paul( tho Child Welfare worker), Mr. Farnoy, Miss Thomp son, Mr. Stackhouse, Mr. Staghorn Miss Buck, Mr. Little, Miss Wight. Mr. Paxton, Miss Butt, Mr. Swenoy, Miss Klalber, Mr. Hyden, Miss Arthur, the two Messrs Macflo and Mr. Mo Kim. A most enjoyable evening was spent by all, and tho visitors from Honolulu were very appreciative of tho hos pltallty extended them. :0: Mrs. Burko has been appointed chairman of tho committee on school exhibits for tho coming fair in Juno. This Is a satisfactory assurance that the Kauai schools will be woll rep re scntcd. :0: Manager Ashton Hogg, of Kauai Garago, has extensive improvements under way, which, when completed, will make that garago ono of tho best equipped and most up to dato ono 'tho Island, Collision at Sea Only Crews Saved The steamer "Wailele," the reg ular powder and gasoline steamer for Kauai, came into collision with the big four-must schooner "Kitsap" about !) o'clock Friday night and both vessels were wreck ed and sunk. The "Wailele" was returning to Honolulu with S000 bags of sugar from Ahukini, which port she left about 1 p. in. The "Kitsap'' was in ballast, bound for the Coast. Tho men of tho Wailele were seen yesterday at Waimea by a representa tive of tho Garden Island, and the following story was secured from ono of the officers: "We struck just about 0 o'clock Friday evening. I had just come off' watch and had eaten a sand wich and was going to turn in when we struck something, and hit it hard. 1 knew it couldn't be land for we were about midway in the channel. I ran down be low and found everything a cloud of steam. The main supply pipe from the boilers had broken with the jar. The chief engineer told me to sound the bilge and see if she was making much water. I found that she was making water fast. Of course the power pumps were out of commission through the failure of the steam supply, so we shut off the fuel-oil supply to the l'urnices, and then went for ward to where the hand pumps were. There we found that the impact with the schooner had car ried away the smoke stack, which had lunged forward against the bridge, and smashed it down over the pumps, so that they couldn't be worked to any advantage. Any how that whole section of the deck was a dangerous place, as the two vessels were. locked together, the schooner -to windward, and she was banging against the Wailele with every surge, and her masts and our own threatened to topple over onto our deck. So we had to keep away from that side. "The Wailele was a leaky tub at best; she would make 18 inches of water a day lying alongside the wharf, and it soon became evident that she was in a sinking condition, especially as the schooner was banging up against her all the time. In this process our two boats on that side were smashed to tinder, but the two on the other side were intact, and they were quite sullicient for our requirements. There were thirty six men of us all told, and the two boats were plenty for us. "With the crippling of the pow er the dynamos were put out of commission, and the lights grad ually failed and then went out altogether, leaving us in darkness. We had. to scurry around and hunt up lanterns, which at best gave us a very meagre and un satisfactory light. "At an early stage the boats were lowered safely, though there was a heavy sea running, and there was more or less of a scram ble to get into them and away from the sinking, battering wreck. Most of the men were below asleep when the collision happened, and when they bundled up on deck in light costume, were loo dazed to know more than that something serious had happened and that we were sinking, so you couldn't ex pect much coolness or foresight from them. Mostly they bundled into the boats without well know ing what they were doing or where they were going. This must A Notable Wedding An Interesting wedding took place at Koloa last Wednesday when Deputy Sheriff Enoka Lovell was married to Mrs. Wm. Ellis, both parties bolng well known residents of Nawlllwlll. Tho ceremony was performed by Rev. S. K. Kaulill, pastor of tho Koloa church, at his. homo, and was strictly private It is not often that a man is fortunate enough to tako over both tho position and the widow of his pre decessor. Wo tender our congratu lations nnd good wishes. :0: Nawlliwill Garago received a ship ment of a flock of somo ID Ford cars last week. account for the fact that very lit tle in the way of food or clothing was taken, a neglect that involved a good deal of discomfort and in convenience later on. The cap tain took charge of the larger boat, containing 20 of us, and the first officer the other, with 10. I was in the second boat. We had nothing in the way of supplies except a little water, which we felt that we must use very spar ingly as we didn't know what was before us. We weren't outfitted for sailing, though we had a piece of old canvas which we finally rigged up with an oar for a mast, and made fairly good headway with it, though, of course we couldn't keep her up into the wind as we needed to to make land. "While we were getting things into shape before the leaving, the lights of the Manna Loa loomed up on the horizon bound for Ahu kini. We waved our lights frant ically anil the same was done on the schooner, besides which the mast head lights were going. At one time we felt sure that she was coming to our relief, as she headed round for us; but after keeping on this course some little time she veered oil' and went by in spite of our frantic efforts to at tract her attention. I suppose they couldn't have seen us, but at the same time we set them down as a lot of boneheads not to catch on that we were in trouble. "We hung round there for three hours, by which time both vessels were pretty low in the water; the Wailele decks were awash several inches deep, and it was no use to stay round there to sec her uctually go down which bIio probably did shortly after we left. "With tho wind well round to the north and blowing pretty fresh with o heavy sea running it was out of tho question for us to heach Oahu. So wo struck out for Kauai, "Wo had hard work to hold our boat up Into tho wind enough to strike the island, she would drift off to the lee ward. In our effort to hold her up to the wind we were constantly drenched by the seas that came over the Bide to windward, and that of course kept us shivering most of tho time especially at night tho more so as It was an un commonly cold night at host. "By Saturday night at sun down wo wcro off to leeward of Kauai, but so far to leeward that It was a question If wo could make a landing especial ly as we were caught by a current that seemed to bo carrying us out. Finally about 9 o'clock tho wind eased up a llttlo, and we made up our minds that wo would have to pull for It. So wo put in tho rest of tho night at it a long, tiresome Job of It crawling up Inch by inch to tho Hshts of tho land. Tho only redeeming feature was that tho boys who rowed did got warm tho rest of us nearly froze all night, and by morning wo were nearly all in. Wo reached Waimea shortly after sun rise, and I found that tho captain's boat had reached thoro safely about half past eleven the night before. "As to how the accident happened In tho first place? No, I can't toll you that, and I don't think anyone elso can, but tho man on tho bridge, who was In chirge. Ho will, no doubt, make that clear In tho Investigation, but there Is ono thing dead sure, It happened, and that's why wo'ro here." The captain was seen In regard to this samo matter, and ho was Just as much at sea in regard to how it hap pened as tho other Informant, and left it up to tho man on tho bridge. Revenue agent L. N. Mac comisky and deputy. Jack Mac kenzie, will arrive on Kauai on the morning of April 4th for the purpose of aiding taxpayers in making up their income, etc. tax returns. Their services will, of' course, be free. Their itinerary will be as follows : Lihue, April 1 and 5; nunulei, 7th A. M.; Kihiuea, 7th P. M. Kealia, St It ; Kapaa, th; Koloa, 10th ; McBryde Plantation, 11th; Uleele, 12th; Makaweli, 14th; Waimea, 15 and 10; Kekaha, 17th.