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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUEBDAY, NOV. 25, 1919
THE NEEDS OF
THE HIGH SCHOOL
The following letter by Prof. Wm
McCluskey, principal cf the Kauai
High and Grammar School, to Vaughn
MacCaughey, Superintendent of Pub
11c Instruction, will, no doubt be of
Interest to the people of Kauai:
"In reply to your request for a state
nvmt of the needs of Ke.uai High
School I submit the following:
"Kauai High School needs depend
primarily on what Kauai is and what
Kr.uai would be. The school should
be designed to educate the people for
tho developing of all worthy activities
an J interests of the whole community,
The spirit of true Americanism should
animate the institution. It should be
a centre, not only for the young people
bu for all the people, a cleafing
house for the life problems of the en
tire population, so organized that the
homesteaders, the mechanics, the bus
iness men, the home keepers, the fish
ermen, the rice planters, the laborers,
tho professional men, the citizens, the
alien strangers might all call upon it
for help In the solution of their prob
lems. ' '
There has been developing In Kauai
among the great mass of the popula
tion a demand for both elementary and
secondary education. In some of the
progressive schools that I have visited
I have found that more than half of
the pupils are looking forward to ent
ering High School.
It is true that but few hove any well
defined Idea about the education that
they should get. Very few parents are
able to give much guidance. School
learning appeals to them all. In this
respect our people are not all different
from people elsewhere. They have
faith in education, but they cannot
very Well . define their faith. They
look upon it as their salvation during
the'.r sojourn here below.
The charge has been made that
this demand for education is prompted
by the desire to get away from work.
I hi.ve not found it so, and I have made
searching investigations along this
line. The young people who come to
the high chool want to get to work.
They seek education with a view to
accomplishing more. Our schools are
popularizing work instead of discredit
This somewhat vague desire for ed
ucation is the opportunity for our
statesmen. By the establishment of
the kind of school system that will
bring ubout the results desired in our
American Commonwealth we can de
velop the type of American citizen
wanted. Education in American prin
ciples is attractive- to the learner. No
per:;on, be he laborer or statesman,
can have too much education. What
is generally called over-education Is
lack of education or misdirected train
ing. Education always produces salu
Kauai needs a high school that will
caro for the great numbers who are
loot ing for guidance beyond that of
fered in the elementary chools. The
Fre ihman class for this year in Kauai
Hlg'.i School is double that of last year.
I have every reascn to believe that
next year there will be a doubling of
this year's number. Many young peo
ple have gone to Honolulu and else
where for this secondary education
who would prefer to remain here if
they could get what they need. Many
more will do the same thing. Few of
these return to Kauai after their edu
cation ha3 been completed. They rea
son that if Kauai is not a good place
for young people it cannot be a good
place for them after they have grown
to manhood and womanhood. The
constant removal of this progressive
element from our population will
eventually impoverish our stock. If
they fiiyl here the educational oppor
tunities that they need they will be
more likely to And here inducements
to remain, and Kauai will develop her
great resources, and become really
rich, both in material things and in
The present Kauai High School ac
tivities are carried on in an abandoned
courthouse and two bungalows. The
school lot consists of less than four
acres. On this, in addition to the
high school buildings, are located three
bungalows that are used for element
ary school purposes, and two teacher's'
The first need is a land area of at
least twenty acres. This should have
sufficient water for agricultural and
household purposes and for a sewer
Equipment for teaching practical
agriculture will be needed. Ther;
should be facilities for animal hus
bandry as well as for the other in
dustries of the farm.
A Domestic Science and a Domestic
Arts department are a requisite in
such a school.
A wood-work shop is a need in any
such school as ia advocated.
There also should be a shop for the
teaching of simple work in iron.
A Practical Arts department is a
requisite in every elementary and high
school. Its object is not the teaching
of trades but the acquainting of the
pupils with the materials and methods
used in the industries so as to make
them Intelligent purchasers and ' cm
ployers of workers to do a job they
cannot conveniently do at home.
There should be a good working
library In which the literature of all
the activities of the community would
be accessible to the entire population.
Without a library, or knowing how to
use one, workers are dependent on
neighbors for assistance in the solu
tion of their problems. A student
knows how to get help from the lit
erature of his work and is independent.
In this library there should be those
departments of literature that deal
with citizenship and all the phases of
recreation. The work-a-day side ol
life and the leisure side should both
have their literature and the pupils
should be taught the mastery over
A commodious auditorium Is a re
quisite. When properly used it is the
greatest of all socializing forces in the
school and the community.
An extensive dormitory system will
be needed for the housing of those
pupils who live too far from the school
to make the journey daily. There could
be different plans for conducting these
Much of the work of such a school as
is advocated would be carried on
early in the morning and later in the
evening. This would require the pres
ence of pupils on the premises all the
time. Those who cannot get the prop
er experiences in their homes should
live in the school community.
The school should have a well equip
ped gymnasium and an athletic field
well laid out.
Buildings should be supplied with
electric lighting so that night classes
could be held.
A school like this does not need to
be a startling expense to the commun
ity if planned and administered by
men and women with thrift In their
make-up. But there is no getting
away from the fact that the outlay for
installing the plant and maintaining
it will be considerable. Education,
like everything else costs much.
People are willing to invest in educa
tion when they see the great dividends
that It pays.
The urrest that has been creeping
into our country can be inteligently
met only by more and better education
of all the people. We shall never
solve our social and industrial prob
lems while we turn our children loose
in society without first giving them
the view-point, the mind Bet, and the
industrial habits that develop interest
in social activity and respect for law
and order. The Elementary School
education is not sufficient for present
day needs. Nothing short of univer
sal High School education will satisfy
the demands of a democracy.
Principal, Kauai High School.
Hawaii Again Overlooked In
Big Federal Appropriation
During recent years, Hawaii has
been repeatedly overlooked in large
Federal appropriations for education
and other purposes. On the Mainland,
the States are spending millions of
Federal money for good roads, for vo-,
cational education, for industrial train-1
ing, for extension work and for other !
great enterprises of educational signi-!
Of these great funds, Hawaii has
not received a single nickel. Hawaii
is left out in the cold. Hawaii is
chronnically passed by when large Fed
eral appropriations are distributed.
The public school work of Hawaii
is badly crippled because of her fail
ure to receive Federal funds.
The last instance of this sort occur
red in September. Vaughan Mac
Caughey, Superintendent of Public In
struction, received a long letter from
the Executive Secretary of the United
States Interdepartmental Social Hy
giene Board. This letter called at
tention to the large Federal appropria
tion for education hygiene. The secre
tary asked Mr. MacCaughey concern
ing the amount of appropriation that
Hawaii could use and the ways in
which Hawaii could expend this fund.
Mr. MacCe.ughey promptly called a
conference of department officers,
Board of Health officials, local physi
cians and social workers interested in
educational hygiene. The matter was
fully discussed and the conference un
animously agreed upon the advisability
of establishing a division of education
al hygiene here.
As the result of this conference, Sup
erintendent MacCaughey wrote to
Washington as follows:
"This Is to acknowledge your two
esteemed letters of September 4th and
10th, together with enclosures describ
ing the proposed divisions of educa
tional hygiene and the application I
form for assistance.
"Upon receipt of this extremely in
teresting and suggestive material, I
took up the matter officially with our
Territorial Board of Health. Dr. L.
L. Patterson, medical director of
schools, heartily approves the pro-
nosed ulan and states that he will be I
glad to cooperate In any way possible
to make this division a reality.
"Yesterday afternoon, at a confer
ence representing the chief educa
tional and social agencies of this Ter
ritory, the proposed division of edu
cational hygiene was enthusiastically
endorsed. Hawaii, owing to her pecu
liar racial and problems, ia in special
need of just such help as this pro
posed division can give.
"Before filing formal application
for financial assistance, I should like
to have specific Information upon the
"1. What is the total fund avail
able for United States as a whole?
"2. What Is the pro rata for each
"3. What is the maximum finan
cial assistance that Hawaii might ex
"4. What are the specific condi
tions or qualifications under which
this appropriation is granted?
"5. What is the history and organi
zation of the United States Interde
partment Social Hygiene Board?
"6. How is this related to the Unit
ed States Public Health Service?
"7. What are some of the recent
publications of this Board?
"8. What is the average salary
paid to the director of the division of
"!). What specific suggestions have
you to make with reference to the es
tablishment of this work in Hawaii?
"I will very much appreciate detail
ed information on these points In or
der that I may lay the matter before
the Commissioners of Public Instruc
tion at our next meeting. I am very
anxious indeed, both personally and
officially, to establish such a division
in Hawaii. Although we have" no
specific funds for this purpose, we
will do all in our power to make such
a division a reality here.
"I have been a student and teacher
along these lines for many years, hav
ing lectured on sex hygiene and social
hygiene throughout the Mainland and
in connection with tho Army and
Navy Y. M. C. A. work.
"I will consider it a privilege and a
special courtesy if you will keep us
closely informed of your work and
HAWAII AGAIN OVERLOOKED!
On October 22nd, the following let
ter was received from the Interde--'
partmental Social Hygiene Board:
"Your letter of October 4th is be
"I am very sorry that my letters of
eptembor 4 and 10 were inadvert
ently sent to you. Unfortunately the
conditions under which our appropria
tion waa made to us do not permit
our giving assistance to Alaska, Pana
ma, Porto Rico, the Hawaiian Islands,
or the Philippine Islands.
"I can assure you that I am
sorry that this is true. My letters of
September 4 and 10 were evidently
typed by a stenographer who was
not acquainted with the regulations
of tho Office with reference to letters
of this sort."
There is nothing more to be said.
Hawaii again is overlooked and for
: o :
FORD WILL BRING THEM BACK
"Many are the stories of Henry Ford
and his popular automobile, says
"King" Baggott, "but HillHboro is re
lating what it calls the best of the
season, and the facts in the case are
true. It happened in one of the lead
ing churches of the city that the pastor
took for the text of his sermon, 'Better
"The pastor held that the automobile
has taken more people away from
church than any other thing. He con
cluded with the exclamation: 'The
Kurd car has taken more people to
hell than any other thing that I can
mention!' Whereupon an old lady in
the congregation began to clap her
hands and moan 'Praise the Lord!
Praise the Lord!'
"What's the matter sister?" asked
"The Ford never went any place
that it couldn't make the round trip,
and I am sure that all of those people
in hell will be back, she answered. So
praise tho Lord."
Tip Top, Wed. Dec. 3 - Kapaa Fri. Dec. 5. Wm. Fox's
Special Standard Production.
"RIDERS OF THE PURPLE SAGE"
Tip Top, Tonight - Kilauea, Sat.
D. W. Griffith presents
"TRUE HEART SUSIE"
LILLIAN GISM mi ROBERT MAQRON
D V.GRIFFITH S 'True Heart Susie
Lilian (iish as Susie, Roliert Ilarron as the boy she loved and
r V iirinc Seymour as the erring wife make unother D. W. Griffith
masterpiece in this tale of simple love.
8th Chapter of PEARL WHITE
Weekly News Up to Date
THURSDAY NOVEMBER 27
"THE CAALL OF THE SOUL"
A beautiful production. Better than "The Strange woman"
7th Episode of "THE HAND OF VENGEANCE"
Weekly News Up to Date
SATURDAY NOV. 29
WALLACE R El D
in "YOU'RE FIRED"
Wallace Heid wanted to marry Wanda Hawley but Papa said "No"; Wally must hold a job for
three months f'n-t. Wally tries first as a xylophone players in a jass o rchestra but Wanda pees
him and he can t explain. He gets excited and lushes the fiddler over the head with a drumstick.
As other jobs follow the plot thickens. You must see Wallace I?eid and Theodore Roberts in You
14th Chapter The of "The Brass Bullet"
Weekly News Up-To-Date
14th Chapter of "The Man of Might"
Weekly News Up To Date
The ghost had reappeared in "Whispering
Oaks" in the legendary southland. Evading
detectives and guards, a girl reporter gains en
trance to I lie estate. Enid Bennett solves the
mystery. Come and see how she does it.
Pathe Weekly - Up-to-date
Koloa Sugar Company Is paying a
4 per cent dividend this year, making
16 per cent for the 12 months.
Bank of Hawaii, Ltd.
f Thrift l
Save Money by Using
Double - Cable - Base
WE RECOMMEND THEM
A full stock in
Agents For Kauai.