Newspaper Page Text
THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY. DEC. 30, 1919
Prospective Car Buyers
What you should consider. What
we gaurantee. "Service"
Nawiliwili Garage is a local firm that is
to stay. In the pasT: year we have sold more
cars than our entire competition combined.
In every purchaser we have created a steady
satisfied customer. Their cot of automobile
maintenance has been remarkably l(ow,
owing to the fact that we have a modern
garage, with a competent corps of mecha
nics, who are alwavs ready to render them
the besl: service possible.
We try to sell the car besT: suited to the
buyers needs, and our interest does not end
there, as we are still on the ground, to pro
tect our buyer's investment. Our low over
head expense and large volume of business
is evidence of exceptional values. Satisfied
customers are our recommendation of our
clean business policy and genuine service.
Take all this into consideration when
buying a new car, and it will be the means
of saving you money with the added satis
faction of "SERVICE".
Authorized Ford Dealers
Hupmobile Oldsmobile Cole Aero Eight
"Service With Every Sale"
Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry,
DETOR & ELIE
Manufacturing Jewelers and Watchmakers
Platinum and Diamond Pieces
Made to Order
Call for Memorandum Goods
HOTEL AND FORT STREETS
HONOLULU, T. H.
Sticks and Stays Stuck
Self - Vulcanizing
No d-a j-r No
Creep P 'Ov Leak
Made in U. S. A.
For Auto and Motorcycle
Inner Tube and Casing Repairs
Xanai Trading Co.
Koloa Kauai Agents
Ways of Connecting the Public
School With the Plantation
For high-speed, heavy duty machine? you will iiinl
Standard Babbitt of the World
will show lowest co-eflicient of friction and longest wearing
qualities under heavy pressure.
I'scd in thousands of plants where speeds are high and
duty -fwiv, running as high as 000 r. p. in. It is not un
common for a Magnolia-lined hearing to run 20 years and
WKITK ls FOll VVLL PARTICULARS.
Catton, Neill & Co., Ltd.
Queen and Alakeu Sts. Honolulu
Open Stock I
You can buy one piece ol
dinnerware at the .same price
it would cost in a 100 piece
.set. Thus with open stock i
dinnerware the problem
replacement is solved.
start set with a
and then add tc
time to time as
remand or vom
Sample plates for selection T
sent at your expense
Fifty patterns to choose froir
W.W.Dimond&Co., Ltd J
"The House of Housewares" 7
53-65 King Street Honolulu T
Read the Garden Island
JUS. F. IORGi
Real Estate and Insurance
125-Ul MERCHANT ST.
Continued from page!?
should be ablo to niakn intelligent uao
of anything that may bo done for them
along welfaro lines. I feel that the
school has a duty hero, but one not
easy to perform.
The teacher is, by vlrtuo of her
position, a welfare worker, or perhaps
it would bo better to call her a com
munity worker. It is her duty to take
a leading part in all community enter
prises. This, I fear, many teachers
neglect to do.
One organization, created by world
war necessity, is tho United States
Boys' Working Reserve. This organi
zation has come to stay. In the Islands
it has been supplemented by the Ha
waii Junior Working Reserve. The
latter organization is for girls and
interested and actively engaged in tho
boys under 10. I have been directly
interested and actively engaged in the
movement slnco its introduction here.
I spent 10 weeks of this year in tho
employ of a largo plantation, in direct
charge of over 300 Working Reserve
children and in that period made an
attempt to study tho movement- from
practical as well as a theoretical
viewpoint. I have since then been
asked a great number of questions on
this subject, among them tho follow
1. Do you believe in child labor?
2. Are children forced to do work
that, is beyond their physical capacity?
3. Is any special consideration
shown them because they are children?
4. Does the child benefit in any
way except financially?
5. Does the child really benefit
financially, or is it his parents who
derive the benefit?'
0. Does tho plantation actually
benefit by employing children?
7. Would you recommend Saturday
work throughout the school-year?
S. In some places a system has been
devised whereby tho child can work
after school hours. Would you endorse
such an arrangement?
0. What are the mental effects on
tho child who works in the field?
I have answered these questions
somewhat after the following fashion:
1. There is a vast difference be
tween child labor as practiced, and so
violently opposed, in city factories and
child labor in the cane fields of Hawaii.
In the one case the child is indoors,
stooped mentally oppressive and there
fore wrong. In the cane field the
children work in gangs, are out of
doors. They sing and joke and find
much to amuse them, most of them
apparently having as much fun as
they would playing. They begin the
day early and are usually through with
their work before noon, the practice
being to give "ukupau" work. 1 do
not believe that any child should bo
kept in the field after 2:00 o'clock in
2. In only one or two cases have I
seen children doing work beyond their
physical ability. In these cases the
fault was corrected without any difli
culty. In tho beginning of the summer
it was necessary to discharge a num
ber of tho younger children. This was
done because I felt that they were not
strong enough for any plantation work
and consequently of no service to the
plantation, to say nothing of the physi
cal injury they might be doing them
selves. In some parts of the planta
tion it was possible to use younger
children than in other parts. This was
due to the nature of the work. The
kinds of work reserved for children
were for the most part weeding, pick
ing kiawo beans, raking and burning
trash for the younger children. The
older children were given such work
as hoeing, cutting and planting seed,
irrigation work, etc.
3. I might mention several things
which indicate special consideration
given children, among them (a) em
ployment of Working Reserve officers
(b) employment of special lunas, (c)
"ukupau" work, (d) shorter hours, (e)
half holiday Saturdays, (f) July 4th
Working Reserve picnic (all expenses
borne by plantation), (g) Working Re
servo badge, (h) one year's subscrip
tion for tho "American Boy."
4. Tho benefit to tho child through
organization is self evident. In many
cases tho children would work oven if
there were no Working Reserve. It Is
to their advantage as well as to tho
advantage of tho plantation to have
them organized. For instance tho lat
ter can learn tho needs and ability of
tho child workers better and act ac
cordingly. 5. In many cases, of course, tho
child does not derive direct financial
benefit from his work. But such
children are as a rulo those who would
bo forced to work by their parents
even if there were no Working Re
serve. Tho Reservo offers them a
measure of protection and indirectly
they derive financial benefit even if
their parents do tako their money.
0. I should say that tho plantation
does benefit decidedly by employing
children. Children aro ablo to do cer
tain kinds of work better than grown
ups, such as weeding and planting,
Their summer vacation comes at tho
timo when this extra work must bo
7. As a war emergency I urged Sat
urday work for children. Now, how
over, I neither urge nor discourage It;
feeling that certain families need tho
financial aid of their children and that
usually tho work Is not particularly
trying. On tho other hand, If there is
no need of tho money, I do not hellovo
that tho child should bo deprived of his
8. I nm absolutely opposed to after
school work. Regular school hours, to
say nothing of extra hours in "Lang
uage Schools" aro drain enough upon
the child's physical energy. Forcing
more work from them would result in
defeating tho ends wo aro aiming at.
9. I have noticed no difference in
tho school work of children because of
plantation work. The workers scorn to
do ns well or as poorly as tho others.
Summarizing, I should say that if
Working Reserve work is conducted
clsowhere as it has been wherever I
have had an opportunity of observa
tion, that It is a movement for good
and one which deserves tho support of
The plantations of Maui have, for a
couple of years, been conducting citi
zenship work for its young men work
ers. The work has been carried on
largely through night school classes
in several localities. Tho expenses
have beer, borne partly by the planta
tions and partly by the pupils of tho
night schools. If ever a golden oppor
tunity was lost, one is being lost there.
This citizenship work should bo taken
over and conducted by the public
school system. In tho first plae. all
public e.lMi ation naturally belongs to
tho public system. Secondly, wo have
the equipment in the way of teachers,
buildings, etc. In the third place, it
would give us an opportunity to keep
.vhatever hold wo have on a boy after
he has finished the day school. For
eight years he is encouraged to think
and appreciate things American. Then
suddenly we drop him and, more like
ly than not, he comes under tho in
iluonce of persons who arc not Ameri
can in thov.ght or sympathy. Hence
tho great need for a continuation night
school. ThiB docs not take into con
sideration the newcomer at all, but he,
too, must have an opportunity to learn
tho language of his adopted home if
he is to become a worthy citizen. A
good start has been made in this work
by the plantation Interests on this Is
land. It now behooves tho public
school system to get busy and cooper
Vocational education is another
means of cooperation between tho
school and plantation. I feel that in
laying out a vocational course of study
wo should bear in mind the fact that
most of our boys will go to work on
the plantations. Our vocational work
at school should therefore bo such as
to prepare him for his future work.
Every effort should be made by school
principals to get their eighth grade
graduates Into skilled jobs on the plan
tation. Only the exceptional boy
should be encouraged to leave his
homo on tho plantation. Such a policy
will make for greater contentment for
tho boy and better skilled workers for
tho plantation. There are many skill
ed nositions on tho plantation for
which we can, by preparing a good in
dustrlal course of study, prepare the
boy. Among these might bo mention
ed carpentry, painting, machine shop
work, field lunas, etc. Now, this para
graph has considered only the boy who
is continuing his educational through
the 8th grade. Tho boy who leaves
school earlier, say from tho 5th grade
should be encouraged to go into the
field. Lastly, It Is my hope that at
some future date, wo shall have in the
larger plantation centers, trade
schools, operated upon a system sim
ilar to tho Gray system. That is. tho
school could be divided into two sets
of boys, one set attending school while
the other Is working, tho sets ex
changing places every week. I do not
seo why such a plan is not entirely
C. M. Kophart, of the Pond Auto-
nobllo Company, returned to Kauai
Anyono having beef cattle, hogs,
sheep, poultry, etc., for sale can dis
pose of samo to tho Knpaa Meat
Market . Phone fi2G. 2-28.
Olllcer's Kit Bag. 3ust tho thing for
camping out. Can bo scon at this
J. R. Collins; consulting refriger
ating engineer, specializing Ice
Cold Storage, Markets and Refrig
erating Plants. Expert service, re
sults produced. P. O. Box CSS, Hono
lulu, T. H lmo.
THE IMPERIAL ORCHESTRA
f seven musicians will accept engage
ments for dances and parties. Real
mulsc by real musicians.. Rates reas-
nnble. Address Box 104, Llhue. 4t
W. A. Beer, assistant manager of
th'e Kauai Railway interests, has
been in Honolulu. Ho returned this
Bank of Hawaii, Ltd.
Singer Sewing Motors, each $12.00
Pennsylvania 12 In. Lawn Mower
Seo H. T. BARCLAY, Kealia.
N THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE
FIFTH CIRCUIT, TERRITORY
In the Matter of the Drawing of
Names of Persons to Serve as Grand
and Trial Jurors at the 1920 Term. ..
Order Fixing Time and Place of Draw
ings and Directing Publication
of Notice Thereof.
It is hereby ordered that drawings
of tho names of the persons to serve
as Grand and Trial jurors at the 1920
Term of this Court bo held at 9:30
A. M. Wednesday. January 14th..
1920, in the Court Room of this Court
in tho County Building at Lihue,
County of Kauai ,and that notico
thereof bo given by at least one
week's publication of tho timo and
place of tho same in tho Garden Is-
und, a newspapro of general circula
tion, printed and published at Lihue,
in this circuit. r
Dated, Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii, Decem
ber 19th., 1919.
(Sgd.) WILLIAM C. ACHI, JR.
Judge of the Circuit Court, Fifth
Circuit, Territory of Hawaii.
(Sgd.) JOSEPH ANDRE SOUSA
Clerk Circuit Court, Fifth Circuit,
Territory of Hawaii.
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE
FIFTH CIRCUIT, TERRITORY OF
HAWAII AT CHAMBERS IN
Probate No. 737
In tho Matter of tho Estate of Liang
Yin Fook, otherwise known as David
Nium Fook Lcong, Deceased.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS
Notice is hereby given that Letters
of Administration have been issued
to BISHOP TRUST COMPANY, LIM
ITED, as Administrator of the Estate
of LIANG YIN FOOK, otherwise
known as DAVID NIUM FOOK
LEONG, late of Waimoa, County of
Kauai, Territory of Hawaii, Deceased.
All creditors of the deceased, or of
his estate, are hereby notified to pre
sent their claims, with proper vouch
ers, or duly authenticated copies there
of, even if tho claim is secured by
mortgage upon real estate, to the said
BISHOP TRUST COMPANY. LIMIT-'
ED, at its place of business, No. 924
Bethel Street, Honolulu, City and
County of Honolulu, Territory afore
said, within six (G) months from the
date of this notice, which Is the dato
of the first publication hereof; other
wise such claims, if any, shall bo for
And all persons indebted to the said
estato aro hereby notified to make
payment to the said BISHOP TRUST
COMPANY, LIMITED, at tho above
Dated, Lihue, T. II., December 9th,
BISHOP TRUST COMPANY,
Administrator of tho Estate of Liang
Yin Fook, otherwise known as David
Nium Fook Leong, Deceased.
Philip L. Rice,
Attornoy for Administrator.
Dec. 9, 1G, 23, 30, 1919; Jan. 0, 1920.
Wholesale and Retail Groceries
Dry Goods of all Descriptions.