Newspaper Page Text
1 THIS GARDEN ISLAND, TTTESDAY, DEC. 28, 1920
The Japanese Problem
Tho Kauai Shinpo, the Japanese phases of the "Japanese Question"
weekly newspaper published at Kap- i and should be rend and studied by
ala, is publishing an English-Japanese
New Year's number that is especially
worthy of note, as it contains contri
butions from the pens of some of
Hawaii's most prominent people.
These articles deal with the different
every resident of Kauai.
Editor Fukunaga Is doing a grant
and valuable work on Kauai, and the
Garden Island Is pleased to help his
good worlc along by reproducing some
of these articles:
J A PAX AXD CAUFOItMA
It appears that the Japanese problem in California is greatly
complicated by the unauthorized entrance of llie Japanese into the
country. The United States seems helpless in the face of this defi
ance of its regulations. The simple requirement as in the case of
Chii ee residents a few years ago. that each Japanese legally recog
nized as a resident, should keep a permit with photograph and thumb
inari. would speedily sift out those illegally entering the country
subsequent to such requirement.
It is undisputed law that each independent government has the
riglu without consulting its neighbors, to control or prevent immi
gration into the areas subject to its jurisdiction. It follows from this
that should the United States Government adopt a policy preventing
itll immigration from foreign countries such countries would have no
legal ground for complaint even though their treaties with the United
States allowed immigrat ion inasmuch as Congress may amend or re
peal a treaty through legislation.
In regard to the Japanese who are already legally in California,
and who have acquired property rights .or rights under lawful con
tracts with United States' citizens, the State of California is without
the power to interfere with such rights, or with rights of residence
acquired under treaty agreements, and it is doubtful if the federal
government would ever contemplate any infringement of such rights
with the accompanying casus brill to the government of Japan.
Of course the United Slates is free to adopt any land policy she
pleases toward alien immigrants where no vested rights are concern
ed; and no government can insist on privileges for her own citizens
lenigrating to another country, which she is not ready to grant to the
citizens ot that country immigrating to her own.
If I am right in the foregoing study of the situation follows that
the Japanese problem in California oilers three distinct points for
consideration; first, the status of the Japanese already in California,
whose vested rights cannot be interfered with; second, the freedom
of the I nited States of adopting an immigration policy excluding
aliens of any or all countries, and third, the freedom of the United
States of adopting a land policy excluding aliens from acquiring land
ed property in its domain. 1 he Japanese government and people
then , need only worry as to what the future policies of America will
be in regard to immigration and privileges of aliens in relation to
lands; tne .Japanese already law! ally in the United States, may rest
secure under the protection of the American Constitution and Ameri
can treaties with their government. And as to these future policies
of the United States the Japanese government has nothing to say, ex
cept perhaps, in the field of diplomatic negotiation.
SANFOKD B. DOLE
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HOW TO UXDEHSTAXD THE II EST AMEIUCAX WEALS
By Albert W. Palmer, Minister of Central Union Church, Honolulu
t,neat responsibility rests upon all of us who live in Hawaii to
cultivate mutual respect and understanding among the different
races gathered here. All these races must at last cooperate together
in a common citizenship under American institutions and ideals. If
any one race despises or undervalues any other, the day of that per-
ieci cooperation is just mat much positioned. Moreover each race
has a responsibility to interpret all the other races to its own home
All this has particular application to relations between Ameri
cans and Japanese here in Hawaii. Nowhere else do so many Ameri
cans and Japanese meet and know each other under such favorable
conditions. Many Americans, on the Pacific Coast especially, do not
understand or appreciate the Japanese as we do in Hawaii. On the
jotlier hand many Japanese in Japan do not understand the real
American character and ideals. We in Hawaii need to build a
bridge over which better understanding and respect can travel from
one side or me raciuc to the other.
as an American 1 am sincerely trying to understand the Japan
ese. Last year 1 visited Japan. l or many years I have been reading
books about Japanese architecture, history, life and institutions.
Recently I made a new study of Buddhism partly in order better to
understand me religious background ot Japan. 1 prize mv Japanese
f..l.x, .lo I I 1 . . ' . . 1
"" j M-curv .Japanese cooperation on committees en
gage! in community enterprises. I have counted the fact that I
nave .Japanese servants, an opportunity for closer understanding of
How can the Japanese, on their part, come to a better understand
ing or me best and truest American ideals? First of all through
nign, -schools. Mudents at these schools will not only learn the lan
guage which is most necessary to them as residents of Hawaii but
they will absorb the American point of view and outlook on life from
im.- u-.n in vicuna acquainted wnn me nignt-sciiooi teacher mav
prove quite as valuable as the actual amount of English learned.
Then, as fast as the language is learned, it is important to read
American books and magazines. Illustrated weekly magazines like
me "independent or '-Outlook" or a monthly like the "American
Magazine" or even children's papers like the "Youth's Companion,"
are f ir more representative ot real American 'thought than the hast
ily written and often sensational newspaper. Several families could
subscribe lor such a magazine together, sharing the expense which
would be from -.00 to tf.i.OO a year. The night-school teacher would
be glad to tell you how to subscribe. The teacher will also be glad to
suggest books for you to road especially biographies of Americans
line Lincoln or ot emigrants to America like Itiis and Steiner.
I would also like to say that no one sees into the heart of Amer
ica until he understands Christianity and the Jiiblo. American civil
ization, with all its faults, is as good as it is because of the influence
or th t hristian religion. The language and thoughts of the Bible an
" mi" ii iii.ii is iicm in our me ami literal ure. ir the .Japanese
of Hawaii want to really ami deeply understand the true American
spirit, not of the sensational press but of the real people, then they
win do wen to study t'liristianity with a sympathetic and onen mind
We have not yet made our civilization as thoroughly Christian as we
wish it was but our ideal and goal are to be found in the New Test
ament and our supremo motive is loyalty to the teachings of Christ.
'Here then is a way to understand the noblest side of America.
Study, in the English Bible or a Japanese translation, the Ten Com
inaiidnients, the Lords Prayer, the Beatitudes, the 12th Chapter of
Bomans and the BJth Chapter of 1st Corinthians. Then read the
Gospel of Luke through. Talk over the things vou do not understand
with your night school teacher or any Christian minister or Y. M
f . A. or . . C. A. secretary. They will be glad to answer questions.
lieirer still, join a i.ible class at the nearest church and send the
children regularly to an English speaking Sunday School where they
win get lsibie lessons regularly every week.
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.i coon am r.iucAX
A round stick is uot necessarily better than a square stick, but
a round stick in a square hole is not a good lit. So, likewise, a man
is good in his place when he is a good fit. To be a good American is
to fit well into the kind of country America aims to be.
America is a country of adventure. It was founded by people of
new and noble ideals of liberty and human equality and religion.
They left their homes and endured hardships that they might attain
these ideals. People who say, "What was good enough for our
fathers is good enough for us," ami prefer to take life in the old easy
way, and to transplant a part of their old country into America, have
not the spirit that was brought here by the original founders, but
those who have the spirit of adventure into new and progressive
ways have the beginning of American spirit ami are likely to become
America is a land of new ideal of government. Instead of the
age long custom of being governed by Kings and Emperors it has
tried a new adventure in government, government by the people. In
some ways government by the people does not seem to be as ellicient
is government by a king; but Americans like to experiment for them
selves, even if they do make mistakes, and believe that the people
should learn how to govern themselves, like grown people instead of
having all their affairs settled for them by a paternal government.
They feel like young men 21 years of age who, while they love their
father, think they are old enough now to lake care of themselves.
Many noble men have shed their blood in devotion to this new ideal
of government ; the American Revolution was fought to establish the
principle, and the civil war was fought to preserve it. President
Lincoln, standing on the battlefield of Gettysburg where so many had
given their lives in its defense, said, " It is for us to be here dedicated
to the great task remaining to us, that from these honored dead we
take increased devotion to the cause for which they gave the last full
measure of devotion, that wo here highly resolve that these dead
shall not have died in vain, that this nation, under God, shall have
i new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the
people, shall not perish from the earth." A good American is one
who believes in the American government and is determined to make
it the best government in the world.
This means that a man, to be a good American, must take inter
est in politics, be informed about the character and ability of those
who seek olhce, and vote, and use all his nilluence to see that the right
kind of men are put into otlice. He inn v be called to serve his country
in oil ice at a sacntice of salary. If he is a good American he should
be willing to make that sacrifice. He must not consent to let the
jovernineiit be in the control of selfish and unprincipled men. lie will
not allow his church or his race to dictate to him how he shall vote,
but will vote according to his individual judgment, as he thinks will
be best for the peopkv
Government by the people means that when the majority of the
people have decided what they want, the rest, of us must peaceably
agree until we can persuade the niaioritv to decide a better way. And
we must work to uphold the law. Some people voted against prohi
bition. They think the people decided wrong. But it has beeu de
cided by the majority to have prohibition. A good American there
fore will try to have the law enforced. If we make laws and break
them we destroy our own government. .
America is a land ot many peoples gathered from many nation
We believe in the spirit of brotherly kindness to all peoples, and the
equality of all in the eyes of the law. Therefore we must not permit
injustice to be done to any man, nor ought we to speak against each
other. On the contrary, the true American will honor every man be
cause as a man he is our brother. Likewise out of our prosperity we
should seek to help the poor and sullering ot all the world, especially
because we are in a measure blood relations ot all mankind.
An. erica has laid its foundations in Ihe principles of the relig
ion of Jesus Christ. When Columbus discovered America he planted
the banner of the cross, and named the new country San Salvador
Land of the Hoh Savior." The "Pilgrims" adopted a constitution
beginning with the words, "In the name of God, Amen." The first
thing the Hutch did when thev lauded in New York was to build
Christian churches. William Penn opened Pennsylvania us a Christ
ian commonwealth. Every American coin of silver or of gold has
upon it the motto ,"In God We Trust." And we might mention
thousand ways in which our American people have declared their
purpose that tins snail be a (jurist mu land, xne i'resident or tne
Vrgentine Republic had as a guest the great American financier
Roger Babson. Said the President, "Mr. Babson, can you tell me why
it is that South America, with so much greater natural advantage
and having been settled before North America, is so backward coin
pared with your country?'' Mr. Babson replied, "Mr. President
what do vou Ihink is the reason?" "Mr. Babson," said the President
South America was settled bv Spaniards seeking gold. North
America was settled by the Pilgrim Fathers, who went to your land
to seek God.
The good American is one who tries to live up to the Christian
principles on which our country was founded, and upon which it
future is dependent.
There are far too maiiv Americans who have no interest in living
true to the type of : good American, and who are satisfied simply to
live in a good country and get out of it all the benefits they can for
themselves, without any unsellish care lor the honor and progress of
their country. The good American tries to put into his country more
than he takes out of it, like the young men of Athens who used to
bind themselves with an oath saving. "We will obey its laws, and will
endeavor to transmit it to those who follow us .not only not less, but
better and nobler than it was transmitted to us.
F. S. SCUDDER.
friendly relationship with the teacher of your child. It has been a
real encouragement to have some of the parents attend recent Christ,
mas entertainments and to see their pleasure in the exercises given
by the children and their appreciation of what the schools are trying
to do for them. We ask you to come oftcner to the schools themselves
in regular session.
Besides this friendly understanding, this cooperation with the
school, I feel most strongly that the Japanese parents, more than
those of any other race represented in the islands, must exercise a
great . sympathy with their children. We here in Hawaii are living
today in a transitional period and one fraught with many difficulties.
The two present generations that of the parents of today, and that
of the children now growing up must meet and solve the problems of
this time, which, here in little Hawaii, is witnessing the meeting and
blending of the .great eastern and western civilizations. Both civil
izations, old and noble, have much to give to the upbuilding of our
common life of today. The people of Hawaii, with the aid of high
ideals, patience, and the spirit of brotherly love, can prove to the
world that the best in "both civilizations can be preserved and made
our own. It is your children who are to meet the most difficult of the
problems betore us. iney win be at tunes troubled, and confused
and torn and will need much wisdom, and judgment and patience.
nd so I -ask you parents to understand and to sympathize with these
your children as they build up their life in this land of your adoption,
so that you and they, with all high-minded, thinking people of these
islands, may be a force which shall make for harmony, and peace and
happiness in beautiful Hawaii.
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THE JAPANESE IX HAWAII
It is a trite saying that here in Hawaii we are a "melting pot" of
the races of the world. To make the job of boiling a success, two or
three things are needed. First, there must be activity. There
must be real fire. There must be forces at work to do the boiling.
Then 111 ere should be some sort of a lid to keep what we already have
in the pot and to keep tint too much new matter. A lidloss pot will
not boil as readily as a pot on which there is a lid. The lid of rea
sonable restraint and law and regulation should be placed on the pot,
not too tight for letting off some steam, nor too loose for efficient
Peril a lis it is not advisable to press this figure too closely, but
it is well to recognize the principle underlying our work of melting
together and into a refined mass the various elements that are here.
The forces are at work, the lid is on, the pot is partly full and we can
flip into the boiling mass from time to time to see how the work is
In fusing together elements that are of different sort, there
must be naturally some giving-up, some loss of former ideas and
substance, some change of customs. The unimportant and useless
should be burned away, retaining only the refined character. The
finest and noblest traits and characteristics of the Americans and
the Japanese and the Hawaiiaus and all other peoples residing in
Hawaii should be preserved as a result of the melting-pot experience,
and all that is dross, the mean and low and selfish and dishonest and
proud ways and foolish notions of peoples should be done away with
Through social and economic and religious and other associa
tions with each other, the Japanese and Americans can be made to
appreciate the good points in each other, looking for the best and
the finest rather, than for the inferior and the glaring faults that
stand out so prominently, if we continually focus our eyes on them.
I believe that the Americans can learn lessons of courtesy and re
straint from those who have come here from the Oriental countries.
And these people on their part who have decided to cast in' their lot
with us and make their permanent home in Hawaii may learn more
of the ideals that underly our American institutions, the spirit of
justice and fair play, the love of truth and speaking out from the
heart one's own thoughts rather than to hide behind a shield of
politeness for fear of giving offence.
What a wonderful thing it would be if here in these fair islands,
favored as we are by God's richest blessings with a land of beauty,
of rich fields and balmy climate, we could develop a race of people
in the coining generations superior to anything the world has yet
seen. With the kindheartcduess and hospitality of the Hawaiian
people, flavored with love of song and of flowers and of leisure mom
ents, there could be combined the robust and energetic nature of the
Anglo-Saxon with their rugged virtues of honor and truth and cour
age, tempered with the Christian graces of faith and hope and love,
and to this there could be added the love of art and beauty and con
templation of Nature and meditation of the Orientals, with their
fondness for children, their respect for parents, their attention to
the courtesies of social life, their freedom from the anxious and
nerve-wracking ways of the aggressive business man of the Occident.
In other words, from this Hawaiian melting-pot, with its varied in
gredients, there could emerge in due season a splendid generation of
God's choicest children, rich in all that is highest and noblest in
life, full of the love for all that is worth while, perfect in sympathy
and lender compassion tor tne lonely, the sad, the neglected, joyous
in its reaching out for a higher type of life and for the things "that
are yet to be" and fulfilling the ideal of manhood and womanhood
more completely than has yet been attained in this world.
n. p. JUDD
COOPERATION IN THE SCHOOLS
liy ELSIE II. WILCOX
Commissioner of Education jor the Island of Kauai
Much is said in these days about Americanization, and being
good Americans. What is it to be a good American? Is a good
American any better than a good man of any other nationality?
It is a pleasure, as the New Year dawns, to have this opportun
ity so kindly given me by your Editor, to speak to the parents of our
Japanese school-children. There is much one would like to say to all
fathers and mothers. There are some things one would say particu
larly to our Japanese fathers and mothers.
I shall speak first of the cooperation, the friendly understanding,
which should exist between the home and the school.
Without this mutual helpfulness between parents and teacher,
he child suffers, much energy is unduly wasted and we do not
achieve so directly and promptly as we should the ideals we have set
in Ihe education of our children. What are these aims and ideals?
Toward what are we striving in the brining-up of our children?
Education in its truest sense is preparation for Life. One of our old
est and most respected citizens, when asked what, in his opinion,
should constitute the education of the children of Hawaii, replied,
"Every child should be prepared to earn his own living and be able,
when he goes out into Life, to produce something the community
wants." This is a broad definition and a practical one. Whatever
the gifts of the child, whatever talents may be his precious possession,
these he should be prepared to use for the benefit of the community;
and directly, ami definitely and happily he builds in this way, too,
his own success. We recognize also that all occupations are equally
honorable if well carried on. It is our business to find where the
child's abilities lie and to develop Inni along those lines. But all this
requires much individual work, and thought and understanding, ami
the teacher of your boy or girl will need your cooperation, she will
need your help, too, in fostering his moral growth, in giving to your
child the fair, broad and honest outlook on Life which you so much
want him to have.
Now, I realize that with our difference in language it is often
very difficult for parents to get into touch with the teacher and to
establish this understanding. It seems at limes impossible to make
the teacher or the parents understand, especially when, as so often
happens, young children are used as intcrprcti's. Not grasping the
subject matt themselves, their interpretation is often of little value.
We beg you, however, to try, aud to continue to try, to establish this
J. I. SILVA, Prop.
ALWAYS LEADS IN LOWEST PRICES ON
Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes,
Mens Furnishings, Cigars and
Tobacco, Notions of all kinds.
W. C. BREWER
Painter and Interior Decorator
Auto Painting and Varnishing
Paint Shop at Grove Farm, Lihue
Near Blacksmith Shop