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attention of your distant n ailers to the
fact of the existence here of an excellent
place, when; vessels of all descriptions,
can he hove out and faithfully repaired.
Il is well that such ihing as the ahove
should lie, extensively kmAvn. partaking
as it is hoth of a nautical and commercial
character, conducive to the prosperity of
this town and of immedi ate henefil to the
great munoer oi vessels who c sails now
sheathed, and newly coppered, masts
Schooner Clarion, hove out and copper
JJrig IlaiTiq'ien, Capt. Chienc, of London,
upper works caulked, new stern, tVc,
l;tom caulked, and newlv coppered.
Ship Iv'jsanne, (,'apt. Spalding, of New
York, upper works caulked, vessel
almost whiten ihehosom of the vast I'aci- Ih i g l'i ien;!--. Capt. Huirg, of Valparaiso.
r works caulked, vessel how? out
e suiuoin s'l iic m orniati ni in if
latioji to the subject, tiiat may lie found
useful to those who mav he i ileresU d in
navigation in this quarter of (he jjohe.
I he .Ship l at tins place is owned
a- ... ...
in latitude ()G k2U' south, longitude 151
1 3' east.
The Peacock, (which ship arrived in
our harhor on the 2-2iu ultimo, much
disabled from her contact with the ice.)
we learn, obtained soundings in a high
southern latitude, and established beyond
doubt the existence! of land in that, direc
tion. Hut the fhiccnnri more fortunate
in escaping injury, completed the discov
ery, ami run down the coast from 1"1
S to !) l.V east longitude, about sev-
and hottom caulked and newly copper- cjiteen hundred mil -s. within a short dis
ed. mainmast shifted farther af;, new Itance of the land, often so near as to get
windlass, tvc. j soundings with a few fathoms of line,
SIV'ImI lll'lul' iCvl ! J Imwl.tri ('il, iitinl n illf'l:l.r ll')lll!l I II 1111 tllll UM. in i n l'I i I i I 1 . ... i t ...
bv Messrs. James jLoimiiso.i. S I o! '. ; : t !,aa-! Iimvc wii'ii i tb lu-iln I Mmr'nv,!;,..,,,,! nitnubil In- ! LI mt nml lw.nrw- i1 ,
rciiro ! in! f ii ,ir 1 1 . .1 1 i ri iw pj ii i wL . ' I ....... . .1 ! 1 . . 1 : i I ...... I i . . .. . i
the linn of James Ilohij.so.i & (.';. It is thought, by those who know, that.
Honest, mdustri'nis, economical, tem-; t!a re is no pi e-e from Caoe Horn to Xor
i i i ....... . . '
penile una intelligent, tney are living i!-
lustrations of what the excreise of thusc
virtues can secure to men. Mr. UoVuison
ami Mr. Lawrence landed on these shores
in the year 1 8-2:2, pennvless and friend
less; their vessel, the Imgl-sh Whalcshiji
Jlermcs, having been wrecked on the until
then unknown coral reef, situated to 'J
north west of the Sandwich Islands. ))f
i'?g good mechanics and of industrious
dispositions, they found immediate em
ployment here. Uihoriiio, or K:
Law prohibiting the manufacture
and use of intoxicating drink.
In ear in paries after the best means of
i ri iiii: it i iir tli i-itiu . .:' il,.. i a ...
mclia 11., tnen king ol these l.-kinn.s took 1 has appeared to us that aa iiK-rrti.su in the
notice of and patronized them giving ' prodiu-tum of l'nvi is of great inooitaace.
folk Sound, from the coast of America to
the ivist Indies, where vessels can be re
paired, so laitlifuilv, and with such facili
1y, despatch and eeonomv as at Honolulu.
Vours, 1 1.
Honolulu, Sept. X, ie 10.
1 I IV I . . 1
ms own (iwening nouse to ineir use sis a
work shop; and a lease for a long period
of time, of the land on which it stood, as
well as a large piece of ground adjoiniuu'
thereto. They thus became well estab-
Iislicil, and Irom that tunc to tins have
Scarcity of lhoel is of course a jireat evil' to
It is said that the present is a tiaie of scar
city, and we therefore have heei searching
l;r the cause of it. One rcasa we ascer
tain t he the following. Articles of Jt.od,
7 . 7 ' "ll ' w "1'imm;, Mi-ar cane, melons anu oiner tluas
gone on prospering. Mr. Holt did not are taken and transforincd into iiitoicatinr
join them until about six years since, lie! drink; the people remain in idleness, withoiu
li -... ..... t . r ... i . . I ilinr in ('i.i..ii.Mini.in ,,r ii...:. .1 .. . i
j- ti cij ii:peeiiiiJie. ffiail liom ijOSIOM,
United States; if a perfect knowlcdw of
the trade of ship carpentering, if hon
esty, industry and temperance arc de
serving of eneouragenent and a competen
cy, he, with his partners deserve and will
Their Yard i.s situated in the most con
venient part of the harbor has a stone
hutment, and where two vessels of six
hundred tons burthen can be berthed,
hove out and undergo repairs at one and
the same time. There is fourteen feet
of water along side of the butment. The
proprietors generally keep on hand all
kinds of material for repairing vessels.
Also those things requisite for heaving
out, such as blocks, falls, &c On the
establishment arc fourteen excellent work
men, among whom are Ship Carpenters,
Caulkers and CJ ravers, Ship Joiner., Ulock
makers, Spar makers, jJoat builders, &c.
lliose persons who have employed
lahor, in consequence of their Ivan" hiin':
Wiieieiorc tin; land is grown over uilh weeds
and is impoverish, d.
In e. (incipience of our desire to promote
the order and welfare of the kingdom, we
have nsseinhlcd to reilect on the subject,
and now enact this la -.v.
I. If any man take pot atoes, snrrar cane,
melons or any other article of iod, and trans
l'mn it to an intoxicating liquor, and drink
it, he shall be lined one dollar, and if lie do
the like again, the line shall he two dol
lars, and thus the line, shall he doubled for
every offence even to the utmost extent.
I I. If any one make an intoxicating liquor
such as is mentioned above, and give it to
another to drink, he too shall be lined, ac
cording to the first section of this law.
III. Whosoever shall drink that which
another has prepared in order to produce in
toxication as mentioned above, bo too has
violated this law, and shall be lined in the
same manner as he who prepared the drink.
IV. If a man be fun d according to the
above requirement, and have no m'onev he
. . , i i . . .
Messrs. Ko.Jinson iV, (o.. can bear tesli-'in.iv then nav his fine in nmliwn r ";r i.
inony to the faithfulness with which their have no produce, he may pay it in labor, the
work is done; the charges are probably '.;i'"n' l,r"l,ort'',,,(,l ,() d"' amount of the
not greater than would be found in Xew ,im;,,r il',M' l0 not ,;t!'" according to the
Vork or London for the same kind of ! rt;clw,rt;'r,lt. 1 ";0 1-niduaent na be iacreas
wo,.j. til, or be may be contused m irons.
Tiic despatch with which vessels are re- Y" Vi'0!! ,1,is ,!nv ,is lr(laiined by a rri
paired and coppered have astonished 1 7 vlll;,-'1fM(-' a' "f" proclamation
mnv Sohtm iwl 5 . I ,7'nnt.(l shall be the day that it takes effect at that
an. Sul jomed is a hst o vessels )la(.0. Mllt ir it 1)CMl M,)(.1(limC(1 it H,
which have been repan-d at the Yard , take effect on the last day of Am ember at
within nine months past. j all tho places at these Hawaiian Islands'
Hrig Thomas Perkins, Cant. Varney, of v-" "-'r' t '', V,1ri,l:,,rfV- r,.r h','w n.:MV'lii , I-
r. , '. . V' 1 t nuN nt Honolulu. (),. ,ii.t us 1.-1 iv of i l.o.lw,-
Ilio yoirofour l.od, I :: KJ. ' '
KI.KAI l.t (Mil.
. i it .
rcaicm. 1 ) oer worus i-.tn .ti
'it ....... ..,
hove out and copper repaired.
Brig Lama, of Honolulu, same repairs
as the above.
Brig Joseph IVabody, Capt. Domini,
of New York, upper works caulked,
bottom caulked ami newly eoMoercd.
Schooner California, ("apt." Cooper, ia
1 t S m. m '
I'loiu (lie Sydiicv llcnild.
Amongst the arrivals to be found in
our shipping list of this day, is that ol the
I ... 1 TAT I - . ..ij. r ...i. iiiiu, IOHICJ Hit!
iiu.mi t-i .o i:.Meo, upper works leom.maiid ol IJiiarles Wilkes, Hsit. rj',t
and bottom caulked throughout; stem,! Hammcs has been absent from this i.ort
keel and stern po,t refastened with ! almost ei-hty days, most of which time
copper fastenings, bottom newly sheath-1 has been spent'iu southern exploration
Cd and coppered. and we are happy to have it in our power
Schooner Paalua, yacht of King Knmelsa- to announce, on t'he highest authority, that
inchulll., hauled ashore, repaired as the researches of the explorim' souad-ou
in.us, iiiii cigm nei nrsi juuoeiv :aiier a southern continent have been coin-
4ttt1wftt iwilir lf.l r. i . 1 I .A . ...... I.I t I. mi I
periencing many heavy irales oi wind, ex
posing her constantly to shipwreck. We
also understand that she has brought sev
eral specimens of rock and earth procured
from the land, some of them weighing
upwards of one hundred pounds.
It is questionable whether this disco
very can be of any essential benefit to
commerce; but it cannot be otherwise
than highly gratifying to Captain Wilkes
and the officers engaged with him in
this mo.it interesting expedition, to have
brought to a successful termination the
high trust committed to them by their
country, and it is hoped that so Iioble a
commencement in the cause of science
and discovery, will induce the govern
ment of the United States to follow up
by other expeditions that which is now
on the point of termination.
We understand that the lluccnncs will
sail fn Sunday or Monday next for New
Zealand, where the lnrjtuhc and V;;
Fish will rejoin her should they have been
equally fortunate with their two consorts
in escaping from the ice. rJ 'he Peacock
will loliow as soon as her repairs are com
pleted ; whence they will all proceed in
furtherance of the object of the expedi
tion. We will only add, that we wish them
SATURDAY, OCT. ;j, 1S10.
Alter six months of continued expectation,
the Exploring Squadron ' has reached our
shores. Many of us have looked with more
than ordinary interest to the period of their
arrival, as one which would bring to our
homes, valued friends, relatives, and ac
quaintance, whom to meet again in this far
distant spot from our common country, would
give a pleasure, such as those alone can tell,
w ho have experienced similar reunions. To
them, also, it must have been an event of
equal interest. J 'he long expected news
from home, tidings of parents, wives, chil
dren, and friends, for weal or woe, the hopes
or fears which were here to be realized, the
enjoyments of rest and society, nil contribu
ted to render this place the haven of much
ebciasbcd desire. Our best wishes attend
them, and may their visit be one of unniif-
.. , , lii ,i . imiih,i. v. inn; lut'ir language exists Av,
l.mbers, new keel and kelson, several ; pleU dy su Vi ful. The land was first seen hangc d. They ,",e by far the
new planks in buttom, bottom caulked o;, the morning of the IWh of January, nica!, of easy enunciation, aud
HAWAII, vf.hsus SANDWICH INLAND?.
What appellation shall be adopted for this
Archipelago? As its importance i.s yearly
increasing, it is necessary that some one
specific tenn shall prevail; else much con
fusion will unavoidably arise, especially
among other nations. Both of those above
quoted, are in common use in the Pacific,
but in tho Atlantic countries, the former is
scarcely known. We give the preference
to Hawaii for the group. Hawaiian for its
inhabitants, and its derivative adjective, for
these reasons. The natives have ever used
'Hawaii nei" as applicable to the Inlands
collectively, and consequently stylo them
selves Hawaiian. These proper nouns are
in general use in all their printed works, and
v.h.Ie llieir language exists will remain un-
the aw kwaid compound adjective ,'Saiul; -
Islands" as when applied to the nation gov.
i c. n :., ...,..:.ia 'n
iiiiii'-in, , tiviMum. i ms arguiiicf,'
alone would be all sufficient for their gcncrV
adaption, with those who aim at ease anr
simplicity in language. Hut when wc con.
sidcr that they are the national names oftlu
people, haviag been extant from time iminr
tnorial, and around which all their synnj.
lines cling, powerful motives only should oc.
casion the substitution of others. The in.
digenous inhabitants have most assuredly tl,
right to adopt and perpetuate such nanus f,
themselves and their country, as tlioir nr
cu!iar couditi n, traditi us, or local ciicum
stances may e've use to.
Nothing tends more rapidly to denationalize
a people than to change their lancuanp
9 t OP
ations, lik'e individuals, even after lUv
have ceased to exist as such, are fond c
transmitting their names to their successor
The memories of their descendants arc n!
f ached to them as to a most ahiabto bequcv
Nicholas may blot out Poland from tliccha
of nations, but while one of her sons survive
her name w ill be as dear to him as bis hrnit'.
blood. In a race like this, struggling fur?,
political existence, every thing which ton.,
to incite a spirit of patriotism, to arouse t!i
"amor pat I ho" should be uludiously eucoura-
The early navigators with much oft,
spirit that sent them forth upon their prriU.
enterprises, robbing the aborigines at oik
of their lands and their titles, gave su:
names to their discoveries, as whim, duty r:
aifection suggested. Others', in after )tai
following in their footsteps, did likewise, m.
thus created a liabcl-hke confusion, whin
adherence to the plan of retaining the orig
inal names, would have avoided. Wli,r
American docs not regret the adoption m
New York for the city and State, in lieu oftln
beautiful aboriginal terms of Manhattan ano
Ontario. The spirit alive at present upm
this subject is manifest by the exertion,
making to obtain the substitution of the lat-
'br those given by the colonists. Tin
feeling would eventually obtain here, should
the title by winch they arc now gcncralh
known to the commercial world, be retained.
"fjood people all" shall it be Hawaii
Hawaiian, Hawaiians; or Sandwich Island,
do. as adjective and Sandwich Islanders?
The brilliant success which has alrcadv
crowned the labors of the United States' Ex
ploring Squadron, must prove a source o!
true joy and pride to every American, nm
reflects the highest honor upon the untiring
zeal and perseverance of those engaged in
the enterprise. No better refutation of the
many slanders, which have been so frcclv
circulated at home in regard to the expedi
tion, could be presented than the results of
the past year. That an enterprise so great
in itself, so limited in time, and embracing
the globe for its field of labor, could be per
fect in nil its details, or that it will have
nothing for future explorers to do, can onh
be expected by those whose ignorance ot
the subject can be their sole apology. rJ
cxpeiience acquired by this one, will nflWi
just reason for greater expectations of others.
should any hereafter be sent forth upon the
same mission. Hut sufficient has alreauv
been accomplished to vindicate its honor.
and to prove its usefulness. The discover!
of the great Antarctic Continent, which Ok
sought for in vain, and in consequence di
ueiievod m its existence, will of itself im
mortalize it, and the last four months devo
ted to the survey of tbc Fiji and neighbor
ing islands, the importance of which weal-
laded to in a former number, will eventual!
be of great benefit to the mariner nnd inrr-
chant, besides fully devclopinz the nutura"
history of the group.
Haling their stay here, we hope that W
mooted points in ibis croup will be settled
The summit of Mauna Loa, and its crate'
examined; the heights of all the mountain
accurately measured; the great table tor
: Of 1