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T I ... ' iV . .. .. a I .
jj primcrs, ana sausiacuoa lor uiu na-
1 1 l.mllt.
IJuiimr till! emi'SO o! proceeding agilllist
.prisoners while in California, and after-n-iU
in Tepic, they wore assisted with
vi,., an. I other means by an American
.jzrii named Farnham, who Ibrtuuutcly
Droned to bo parsing through that count-
' ' ... t.Jj ii iiv til tlin I mifnl Kl:itis. ulii.-li
Oil "I-' - j
nkvs were acknowledged uy tno prison-
in the f (Mowing certificate:
Kmhlic ol'.Moxii 'if V ot'Tcpie, 'Jlth M.iy, 1S1!).
. f. I'aiimiam. I
sir We the undersigned, natives o( Great
iiilaiii, and ol'lhe United Stales .of Atncri-
ijrui'M 1 v residing in Upper Ualilornia,
i, at present p.-is mors in this city, heg to
ma von our most grateful and sincere
i n!i ir the very important services ren
T . . :.. ri .r-.i : i ...
X'tl I IIS l!l Villll'M lllil, iiiu; onoer ron-
u 'cut there, and lor yoiir indefatigable
,1 h ci-esslhl exertions in alleviating our
i; li-ritis and saving our lives w hile in the
n;l ail under the persecution t the law-
l-o nn'ii, w!i have lately committed so ma-
lUD 'iti'M airainst the settlers established
th:it con ifry.
We Icive ah) equally to acknowledge, the
cut trouble you have taken, to lay our
Iiei'ore the British ami American con
ns of this pla;'e, and to procure lor us the
i ih-vs and protection oftho.se gentlemen,
iic!i relieves us from all fear of farther
Its Hial danger and ill treatment, hitherto
i I I... .. . C I.,.., I......
I I ' I ( i 1 1 1 1 -i.it ( 1 1 1 ( i . 1 1 1 'i mi.LMiiu:),
All this we owe t ynurdismtorested kinl
is :i:id iale'atigablo exerli ins tor our wel
ii;', a:i 1 to you al me, under G id, many of
s i e our lives, which otherw ise would
;!ai;i!y have been sacrificed to the fury of
i i r tormentors. In return for such humane
ii. 1 licuclieent services, we can only odor
tir prayers, and our thanks, and we trust
nt i i due time you will meet, the reward
iic!i aaIi true benevolence merits.
.Nam lis ok prisoner
i. i n- f Jnihui),
V it h in I) irlv,
jjn ";!) U'iii'eliOU.-iC,
M;l ii i H luc,
.'I'm W amor,
i I'i-k o,
'ii; Ii -ml We! I di'i,
llio.nn 1 aula is,
lUllllllll ' K'JJIOIU
lin:rl Willi inn.
10 .In-mi ( iicon,
I m I .(i i ill,.
' 1 1 1 1 i-.r iii
t I V r.or,
William Sliu'i, "
.! ; 1 1 1 s Ciruor Dovp,
W illi loi HiooMilioid,
TJio ii is Jonos,
Albert T. Minis,
Willi mi Aiiilursoa,
J.UM'M ,Mo l(lo s,
Willi mi I V bes,
I'.lij th I Vitv,
'I'lioiu is I . .v i-,
.toll, I I.'I 'IIS,
Diniol Jo.T, J
, Jo'm .I i v aid,
' i 1 1 i mi liortoo,
'li nliii, II. Cooper,
Jolin .Xriiixtron. .
l!rili-h Coiiiil ifo, IV'pic, 21l!i M;iy, 18td-lTi-!y
rorlify, tint the mines nllivod to tlic fnro
i,' li'iior, iiio oi'thc tnii; lining writing ofthoso they
soiit, mikI now prisoiior." in this ri!y,
iivi'ii iniiler my hund nnd t'i,'tliH l iv ami year
ivc d;i!ed. (Signed) V.vh tic j: liAiuiow,
i'lviusixu i.n.ui:.ci:s ov coMMnitcE.
il'ui: iiilluences of commerce in extendin?
limits of civilization in both the past and
scMt ages of the world, are admirably set
..rth in the following passages from an Ad
' ess delivered before the Mercantile Libra
? Association, at Jioston, September 1:3,
1 15. by (Jovernor IOverett.
; ''When we contemplate the past, we yseo
si my of the moft important phenomena in
- man history intimately I had almost said
steri ously connected with commerce. I n
- ' very dawn of civilization, the art of al
r a!( tical writing' sprang up among a com-
I'eial pcop. One-can almost iinairine
Id these wonderfully convenient elements
a kind ol short-hand, which the
":tucian inercbants, under the spur of
sny, contrived jor keeping their ae-
Jllllts: I'll ullill l-i.llhl llllV ll.ivn l,ii.o tvilli
r - .'ibx, a j i 1 r i ( w Villi
foglypliir.s of the Kgypliau pricslliood,'
'lied to iho practical putposes of a coin-
frce which extended over the known world,
ol which we have preserved to us .such
"nous and instriictivo description by the
'l'het Kekiel? A thousand vcars Infer
M! flic same commercial race amoni: whom
s snbliinc invention had its origin, pcrlbrm-
'i not loss irlorious part as the chamtuons
Inn the Macedonian madman coinmrne-
nusade against Asia, the l'luw4iiciaiis
M,scd the only vigorous resistance to his
' I ..ItMII." ... I.I J
Jer beneath the walls of their sea-girt
''; 'hail Darius at the head of all the
Piles of tin. east. In the succeeding cen-
whvii the dynamics established by AI-
I aider were crumbling, and the Komans in
a took up tbe inarch of universal eouquc;,t
uijniini.jii tin. .,,,, in,. i .'...l ..it,, sj,i,.,ri
VVIIIMIVIVIUI J Vllllll'
age, the daughter of 'Pyre, tilfoided the most
ellieicut check to their progress. Kit there
was nowhere sullicient security. for propeity
in the old world, to form the basis of a
permanent commercial prosperity. In the
middle ages, the iron yoke of the feudal
system was broken by commerce. The
emancipation of Europe from the detestable
sw ay of the barons, began with the privileges
granted to the cities. The wealth acquired
in commerce! ali'oided the first counterpoise
to that of the feudal chiefs w ho monupoli.ed
the land, and in the space of a century and
a half gave birth to a new civilization. In
the west of Europe the Hanse towns ; in the
cast, the cities of Venice, (icnoa, the polls
of Sicily and Xaples, Florence, Visa, and
Leghorn, begin to swarm with active, crowds.
The Mediterranean, deserted lor nearly ten
centuries, is covered with vessels. Mer
chants from the Adriatic explore the farthest
cast ; silks, spices, gums, gold, arc distribut
ed from the Italian cities through Europe,
and the dawn of a general revival breaks on
the world. Mature, at this juncture, discloses
another of those mi;j;hl.y invsteries, which man
is permitted Irom age to age to read in her
awful volume. As the fulness of time ap
proaches for the new worjd to be found, it is
discovered that a piece ol steel may be so
prepared, that it will point a steady index to
the p do After it bad led the adventurers
of Italy, Spain, and Portugal, to thefutm -st
limits of the old world from Iceland to the
south of Africa I he immortal discoverer,
with the snows and sorrows of near sixty
years upon his head, but with iho fie of
immortal youth in his heart, placed himself
under the guidance! (if the mysterious pil:,t,
bravely followed its mufe direction thiougli
Iho terrors and the dangers of tin; unknown
sea, called a new hemisphere into being.
it would be easy fo connect with this di
scovery almost all the rreat events of modern
history, and still more, all the great move
ment. v. of modern civilization. Even in the
colonization of Now England, although more
than almost .any other human enterprise! the
oil'sju ing of the religious feelini.', commercial
adventure opened the way and furnished the
nyaus. As time rolled on, and events hasten
ed to their consummation, commercial rela
tions suggested the chief topics in the great
controversy ibr liberty. The Uritih .Naviga
tion Act.was the original foundation of the
colonial grievances. There'was a constant
struggle to break away from the limits of the
monopoly imposed by the mother country.
The American navigators could iind no walls
or barriers on the face of the deep, and they
were determined that paper and parchment
should not shut up what CJod bad thrown
open. The moment the war of independence
was over, the commercial enterprise of the
country went forth like an uncaged eagle,
w ho, having beaten himself almost to mad
ness against the bars of his prison, rushes
out at length to his native element, and ex
ults as he bathes his undazzh-d eye in the
sunbeam, 'or pillows his breast upon the
storm. Our merchants were far from con
tenting themselves with trading obsequiously
in the footsteps even oft he great commercial
nation from which wc arc descended. 'Pen
years had not elapsed from the close of the
revolutionary war, before the infant commerce
of America had struck out for herselfa circuit
in some respects broader and bolder than that
of England. ' Besides penetrating the remot
est haunts oflhe commerce heretofore. carried
on by the trading nations of Europe the
recesses ofthc Mediterranean, the Baltic,
and the White seas she displayed the stars
and the stripes hi distant oceans, where the
Lion and the Lilies never floated. She not
only engaged with spirit in the trade with Hin
dustan and China, which had been thought
to be beyond the grasp of individual capital
and enterprise, but she explored new markets
on islands and coasts before unnpproached
by modern comnrjree!"
maiuni: js i:ws.
'J, Am. l'aik Don Quixote, Paty, for
'2, J. S. Ship Peacock, William L.
Hudson, Commander, to cruise.
U, J. S. Sch. Flying Fish, S. Knox,
Commander, to cruise.
3, U. S. Ship Vincennes, C. Wilkes,
Commander J. S. Exploring Ex
pedition, to cruise.
In Pcabody, Mrs. Domiuis, J. Dominis,
and Mr. Thompson.
In Lausanne, Uev. .1. Die'll, lady and
three children; J)r. While, lady and two
children, and sonant; Miss INIary Smith;
Lieut. It. Pinekticy, U. S. Navy; Passed
Midshipman .1. Lewis, U. S. Navy; Air.
AT LUIAINA, Mam.
Nov. If!, Zephyr, ( lankier, New Bedford,
IP inos. .V)() bids. .o()() this season. Nov. l22,
Humbler, Ii. McCleave, UO'nios. 700 bids.
"';) this season.
The whole amount of oil taken the .Japan
season, by 'J ) ships, is 1 1,070 average on
each ship u.
I ho following surplus Mores from
(he U. S. 10 . Exp'n., by order of
tlie .'Commander, at the store of
Messrs. Lndd Sc Co., on Monday
next, the ?th inst., at JO o'clock,
100 Bids. Navy Beef,
50 " 44 Pork,
100 " and Pilot Bread.
All of ojood quality. Terms
made known at sale.
S. REYNOLDS, Auctioneer.
Dec. 3, 18-10.
It is proposed by thu unlive (diurclivs
ami (oni.rrejrations :i thu island of O.ilm.
to observe: the Drst day of the coumi!?
ncw-vear, as a day of thanksgiving to
(lod for bis manifold mercies. Com.
On Monday, November :0th, in one ol'
the public streets, a small Cold IViicil Case;
upon the head of it there is a gold elephant
surmounted with a diamond in a raised set
ting. Any person on delivering it to Jules I)u
doit, Esquire, will be suitably rewarded.
.Whoever may have in his possession a
book entitled "Walker on Intermarriage,"
w ill oblige an ollicer of the American Squad
ron, by handing it over to Messrs. Peirce
Ilicwer. J)ec. HMO.
r f y
mi i -j.'
PORT OF JSOKOLULU.
Nov. 'Jit, IJ. S. Sch. Flying Fish, S. Knox,
Commander, from Hawaii. .
" '20, Am. Ibig Jos(qh Pcabody, Domi
nis, 1:) days from Mazatlan.(
Dec. 2, Am. Ship Lausanne, Spalding, for
" Am. Whaleship Wilniington arid
Liverpool Packet, Fester, cruise.
Merchandise; received per J'ng TJionms
1'crkins, from New York, for sale by
PEIRCE & UllLWEIt.
Q cases Irown Drills. 1 case Choppa
Ildkfs. I case Plaid Ildkfs. 3 cases as
sorted Prints. 72 do. Whitby Iln.wn Ta
ble (.Moths. I bale l)iirlas. 2 bales Ticks.
1 bale Sail Twine. 1 case White Cambrics.
'JO bales JJrown Wheeling. o bales Ibown
Shirting 30 in. ) bales Hi-own Shirting,
21 in. 0 cases bleached Shc( ting, 33 in.
0 cases Bleached Shirting, 32 in 1 case
assorted Hosiery. I case assorted Combs.
1 case Umbrellas and Parasols. 10 quarter
casks Palo Sherry. -r0 baskets Nectar
Champagne. lo casks London Porter. 10
quarter casks of Sicily Madeira. I 'JO eases
Claret. 10 barrels Burgundy Port. J(i
boxes Syrups, Sarsaparilla and Strawberry.
1 bale Filberts. JO boxes Olives. JJ boxes
Capers. J casks Currants. 1 bhd. Iliuus.
UK) boxes .Bloom Raisins. OOOO lbs. Uiee.
2 half barrels Xutmegs. JO dozen Sweet
Oil. 5)0 bids. Flour. J hhds. Loaf Scgar.
(iO half bids. Water (backers. 5,001) Ihs.
Pilot Bread ,j,.o()0 Navy Bread. J.IOO
lbs. Fine Navy Bread. lot) boxes Soap.
10 bags Shot. Ox bows, Corn Mill, Axe
Helves, Rakes, Pumps. J,d00 feet Oak
Plank and Boards. JJ. oars, 11 to J.' feet.
I J doz. Ink. 70 gallons Spirits of Turpen
tine. 111 boxes Window Class. Litharge,
Chrome Yellow.--10 do. Tumblers. 1
cask Venetian Red. (5!) canisters Paint Oil,
each o gallons. 2) sides Sole Leather. I
cases Boots. Invoice of books; late publi
cations. Honolulu, Dec. 3, Hi 10.
b. pxTnaar & sow,
Have just received and for sale,
5 quarter cask a Sherry Wine.
2 quarter casks Sicily Madeira.
10 baskets Champagne.
0 baskets Olive Oil. . ,
1 cu'dv Loaf Sugar.
1 cask Currants.
1 case Prunes.
f.000 cakes California Soap.
Dec. o, 1J 10. tf.
AUCTION ! !
Beef, Perk and Bread.
Will he sold at Public Auction
B. Pitman & Son,
Have for sale on reasonable terms, viz.,
English and American Prints. Cinghams.
Printed Muslins. White, Brown and Blue
Cotton Drill. White and Brown Linen
Drill. JJ'cached and Cnbleached Cottons.
Cambric, plane and Figured. Swiss Mus
lin. Lace Edgings. Inserting. Fancy
Oauzo lidkff. and Scarls. White Veils.
Carniture. Silk. Satin. Velvet and Pelt
Ribbons. WotiudVfiro. Furniture Cbints.
Hamilton Stripes. Bonnet Wreaths and
Flowers. Ladies and Gentlemen's Hosiery.
.d.oes. Satin JVeck Stocks. Nankeens.
Pongee Colored iidkfs. ( irass C-hth. Cot
ton Hdkis. Needles. Pins. Spool Cot
ton. Thread. 'Buttons. Suspenders. Ready
Made Clothing.. V: kyarn, kc., &c.
Molasses. Sugar. Lamp Oil. Tea.
Flour. Men!. Dried Apples. Raisins.
Citron. Prunes. Tamaiinds. Pickles.
Vinegar. Nutmegs. Mace. . Allspice. Cin
namon. Cloves. Ginger. Sage. Pepper.
M listed, llonev. Tobacco. Cij;ars. Pipes.
Snuir. Soap. Vallad Oil. Olives. Lcm
( ii Syrup. Porter. Pale Ale. Stougbten's
Elixtr. Wines, Stc.
Roots and Shoes. ' Writing "Ink. Shoe
Blacking. Arrow Root. Epsom Salts.
Bench Planes. Pi ace and Bitts. Chisels.
Fish Hooks. Combs. Sauce and Fry Pans.
Iron Squares. Screws. Nails. Axe Han
dles. Axes. Adzes. Hatchets. Writing
Paper. Plank Rooks. Quills. Corks, &.c.
Gcn'erally on band a good assortment of
Cro' kerv, Glass, and Tin Ware.
Honolulu, Dec. 5, 113 10. tf.
With Wooden Rollers, for sale at a
low price, by
LADD & Co.
Honolulu, Nov. J3. tf.
All persons indebted to the estate of
JOHN WILLIAMS, late of AVain.ea,
Kauai, demised, are requested to . make
immediate payment ; and all persons who
have claims upon the estate of said Wil
liams, are likewise requested to present
the same for adjustment at this place.
; SAMUEL WHITNEY, Exec
Vaimea, Kauai, Nov. G, 18 40. Gy.
v'V The Dwelling 'House and
Rremises, owned by Mr. E.
Sii.livw, and pleasantly
situated ne.xt to those of the Rev. John
Diell, in a retired part of the town. At
tached to them is a stable, ood ndo
bicrookdiouse, two ;rass bouses, an ex
cellent well of water, &e. All in oocl
repair. Possession given immediately.
For terms apply to the owner.
Honolulu, Nov. Jll, li! 10.
Vav VciSpnraiso :uu Taliiii.
Cp The Bark ' DON QUIXOTE, J.
aPaty, iNTaster, will sail lor the above
Ports soon (after making one trip to tho
Windward Islands) for freight or passafo
please apply to HENRY PATV k Co.
November 10, HMO. tf.