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T II E P 0 L V N ES I A N.
S AT U U 7) A J AX. lV, Hli.
It will be. worth our attention to take a
view, of those islands which arc w holly with
out missionary inilucnrc, hut partially under
that of foreigners. Their condition will go
far to refute or confirm the assertions which
we have before made, A few teachers of
t lie Methodist persuasion have settled at the
Fiji group; as their labors, though indefati
gable in their cause, cannot be said to have
ing fact, which was related tu us by the
inastsr ofthe vessel, who has had much ex
perience with the South Sea tribes. Net
long alter the catastrophe above mentioned,
he sailed for the some group. Upon making
jlhem, his vessel wits surrounded with canoes
filled with warriors, who immediately com-
'menced an attack. A few balls were then
tired through several of their canoes, which
sunk them, and the crews of the remainder
.made for the shore, in great trepidation.
The succeeding day they came alongside,
.but in a peaceful manner, and gave up all
their weapons which were at once destroyed.
on board the ship,
among them, and
every method attempted to conciliate, and
at the same time to impress upon their
; minds the power of the strangers. This
treatment had the desired effect, and every
time that vessel appears, the natives flock to
her with gifts of fruits ami vegetables, and
every demonstration' of joy. And this is
simply the result of making them dread the
i power, and at the same time see it is f t
their interest to receive their visiters kindlv.
It is a lamentable fact that unprovoked ag
1 tween 1-Vypt and Turkey. Hey root in the sports. These were universal, and tl,t.c
dominions of the former had been bombard
ed by an English fleet, and another was
blockading the port of Alexandria. France
was siding with Fgypt, and the papers were
calling loudly for a declaration of war with
produced a sincere convert, and the island. mm i t
1 , i . a . , - 1 hey were then admitted
are so populous and extensive, we shal c ass . . .. . ., A .
A. . i i ,. ,. and presents distributed
those, to winch we now refer. 1 he white , , ,
population among them was originally ofthe
saui'j character with those who first frequent
ed New Zealand; but the barbarous habits
ofthe savyges seem to have had a favorable
effect upon them, by strengthening the
sense of their own moral superioi ifv, which
has secured to them a deserved respect
unions their heathen .associates. This influ
ence has been sufficiently powerful in places
where they have settled in any numbers, to I
put an end to cannibalism, and to associate j
with it a feeling of horror and disgust.
tainly a gre:t step towards changing the man
ners of so ferocious a race. In other res
pects, their example has been decidedly ben
eficial, particularly in regulating the inter
course with such vessels as may touch for
trade and refreshments, and securng them
from any treacherous attacks. They are
even desirous of securing a missionary to re
side with them, for the purpose of instructing
their children, and the mot favorable points
for the introduction of Christianity is said to
be, where they reside.
Next in importance to these islands, is the
" i lifn i .i .. .
in!? s m ii nroun. nni oi iei- m t m imm-
- - - i j " . ....... . . . ,
iate vicinity. A few stragglers from civili
zation arc said to reside on them, but so lit
tle is known of their history, that we cannot
speak of their condition with any certainty.
Of some, rumor says they are in character,
pirates; being runaways from vessels in
It ITSSK i IW li:n n linon in-i.lo niw.ti until .
-CI- I.I . 1, .1 I . , ..
no- mumi reas, mil iney are oi rare occur
rence. Some, it seems, have tired upon
jthein, out of mere abuse of superior rowcr,
to amuse themselves at the surprise and ter-
Tho memory of Ihirtimeus, a blind native
of Maui, who was one of the earliest con
verts to Christianity, is truly astonishing.
I le has been long employed as a prcachei
and in his addresses he will frequently give
passages literally, from sermons preached
twenty years since by the first missionaries.
When asked where ho heard it, he will
name the occasion, year, preacher and text
without hesitation. His memory of all the
early events, paiticnlarly such as relate to
the customs and traditions of his nation, is
equally as wonderful.
New Year's Day was celebrated by the
natives os a holv dav, and a dav of thanks
giving, much after our good New England
custom. In the morning they assembled at
the various churches, and listened' to ad
dresses from their pastors, and such others
as chose to improve the occasion for that
purpose; these concluded, they departed to
their homes for social feasting, and the re
. . .i i.
were loreiuosi in mem. ii a!4 ,,,,
als; for the chiefs to seize such rojH.r(v''.
they coveted, without giving iuy tlni,.,
return for it. They took food, pig'S( anj",
thing and that thing, as they pleased, j
in this respect, there has been a won,!,,,
change for the better. Property is now "
cured toall by the laws ofthe kingdom.
chiefs do not dare now to take pro.!f
which is not our own. Some chief.,
done so, and they have been called to
count. Taxes also are fixed and repn'
and we have many good laws, like ,,jM
ened countries; some of them you hcardi!'
We nrc also better clad than wo
he. 1 remember the time when we ?aw
ly the Kihei and the Maro among the coii
nmn people. Great indeed w as t lie r u-
of t Ik It in our davs of ignorance h
also connected with Iving and roblxrv
every quarter. Laziness was thought ta.
honorable, and lazy people were the r(;i
est favorites w ith the chiefs. When u c!n
died there were dreadful doings; teeth ur
knocked out, uncleanness was seen ever
where, in open day; heads were -,ih
food destroyed, the skin was kaluiu'd, m
every sort of abomination carried on.
a chief made a display, they all l'ciistid,,,
of their houses, not inside The chililn
slept oftentimes out on the ground, with,,,
eoveiing. Put Kamehameha I. took v:
of the aged, and infirm, and ordcied lii
oy be not injured in the highway. Sm
.. . I A A I A I .1 1 " ..
: I . r.l I .1 1 .1 i in ii: un: niHif ui limits III lll'.l I HS I) h;
maiiuler of tfie d :v thev amused l icmse v s i i i J n
ror of the brnoi-nnt ihniler ( 'tlw. ; , . menannnii. Jiave we seen manv nm
io. tnc inoiant l.m ! i. l.tlw . , , .-. -hvy thuuht UvA (Joy K(lulanoa Im, , nil(, mnv mrs ,;.K.0 (;,t ?
( eng: tor me real or anucd injury, have ! ri) m!(llt.,s(.(J th(. p1(ipk. asH(.mI)Irc, ut j u.in nmv jrnk of , jillolihoVs rrin ,,
llowered themselves to the level of the most ,(.v Mv Armstnmg's church, and at our i low ealhd makahonu, on ihe'dii
: cruel of the savages thems dves. These ca- mm. .t ... m . of his father, Kamehameha 1. Great,,
ses are to be deplored, and while thevhs-' , . n,,r ruin-di jinking, dancing, sportiii". hh
. ... .. . wards. As they an; of some interest, in re-1- i; i T.' .
sen me amount oi Itenelit received, they do i . , , iog, su aiing, ammei y , ami mgbt carmiH
font d;Snrnv(. tl.n ft., f ler,,,l to tl,0,r ,,nm'r hfst"r' wc 1,nvfc sc nt that time. Larue houses were tilled
a commercial intercourse to the aborigines. I CUr"1 ,,itCrul t;tio of both tor our , w-.m.ei, m.d whole nights spent in d,l),.
reauvxauuL-iuusi-ueier-uoun-ii j vUliui. tlie , j-ui juioimo was kiiiu io ms tliKr
Indeed, we can view them only as excej
nous io a general rule, un many is!aju4it
is well known white men are held prisoners,
and the strictest caution used to prevent
their escape, so important are their services
GOV. KKKUAXAO.VS mwriss on thanks.
Ill looking over the years that are past I
see great reason lor praising God for his
to the inhabitants. Even those unfortunate goodness tome and all who are here
individuals who resided so Inm on Lord 1M,t- 1 h'k back to the reign of Kameha
North's Island, although siuTering every
which they have experienced ill-treatment, jPr,vm,on tucmselves, yet when they were
and arc now determined to revenge them- j released, cheerfully acknowledged their in
selves on any whites whom misfortune or i'cdncss to the miserable beings they had
want of prudence may put into their power. jbcon nniong, as having treated them well,
Even if this is the case, the savages w ill according to n iV ideas, and preserved their
soon perceive that such visiters are an inju- , lives. They rewarded them to the best of
ry alike to them, and their own race, and i their ability, and no doubt left a most favor
the penalty which such crimes so richly de
serve, will sooner or later overtake them.
The savages will not fail to contrast their
conduct with those who treat them justly,
and the reaction of sentiment will be much
in favor of the latter. Thus a few years
since the Captain and crew of a shipwrecked
whaler were massacred at this group. Some
time afterwards the Captain of another ves
sel, hearing of this circumstance, sailed for
the place, and opened a destructive fire upon
their villages, which of course, from its mere
wantonness, exasperated the savages, and
rendered it still more dangerous for other
vessels to approach their islands. In cut
ting off the crew ofthe whaler, they had act
ed according to the dictates of their own
natural feelings and customs, and were un
conscious of having committed any criminal
offence. They should have been punished
severely, but to have produced a good effect
it should have been with judgment, and not
in a spirit of revenge. The distinction be
tween the innocent and guilty should have
been made as far as practicable, and the
power and justice of the w hites at the same
time firmly impressed upon their minds.
Hut in this instance they could perceive that
the whites acted precisely as they would have
done themselves in a similar esse, and thus
an opportunity of forcibly impressing upon
them the moral as well as physical superi
ority of their civilized foes, which would
have tended strongly to have prevented a re
currence of the like treachery, was lost
That kind treatment will conciliate even the
lowest of savages is evident from the fulh-w
meha I, and 1 look around on the present
state of things, and I say there is no beiur
so great and good as Jehovah, and no laws
so good as his.
1 will mention some things which I saw
in the reign of Kamehameha I. There
were three laws. The first, Papa, the se
cond, Waioahukini, the third, Mamnlahoa.
The design of all these laws was the same;
that was, to deliver all criminals from the
operation of justice, by appealing to the fa
vor of the high chiefs. Whoever was pro
tected by these laws might commit what of
fence he chose, -yet he escaped all harm, by
the fear ofthe chief; we did not at that time
see ofienders tried by the judges, before w it
nesses, as we now do. .Such a thought was
unknown to us. Every thing depended on
tht? will ofthe chiefs.
There was also' idolatry; we worshipped
wooden gods and feather gods, and all sorts
of worthless things; we then thought it was
right to do so, but we see our error now, be
cause we have new light. In former days
right and wrong were all alike to us, but
now we see there is a difference. There is
a right and there is a wrong. Our idol gods
knew nothing, and could teach us untliintr
but Jehovah knows all things, ami has re
vealed some things to us. In this we arc
blessed, and to-day let us be thankful.
Uncleanness also abounded in our times
of darkness. Some chief men had ten wo
men; some had more and some less, so also
When the Harlequin left Mazatlan, no ; thse who had property had many women.
papers from the U. S. or Europe later than f in,f,r were trie women confined each to
he dates by the Joseph Peabody had been
received. Hut letters from San P!as to a
jable impression among them, of the honor
and justice of the pale-faced men, and any
person w hom misfortune may hen after drive
upon those shores, will have reason to be
thankful for the lesson. The inhabitants of
Rotuma and Ascension have become through
the civilizing influences of. commerce, trac
table and hospitable. The former arc fre
quently employed as sailors by whaling and
other vessels, and bear a hLrh character for
industry and honesty. At the latter, prop
erty is safe, and trade with foreigners ea
gerly desired. They both offer great en
couragement as missionary stations, and wilj
probably before long be occupied. The in
habitants of Pitcairn's Island are a remarka
ble insatnee of purity and simplicity of man
tiers, the result ofthe instructions of an ig
norant but simple-minded foreigner.
unrt common people and foreigners
ery good were all these things inn
mind in those days. I5ut latterly 1 have I;
come .aeriuainted w ith the word "of God. ai
the law of (jod, and that show s a better a
than any I knew before. This is
.1 1 ..ii. .
unmisgiving, aim ici us bless tnc name .
Jehovah, for alibis benefits to its and c
nation. Plessed is the man who keeps t1
iaw oi i nc j.orcl. Without number r.retl
favors he has bestowed. 1 cannot tlecla:
them all unto you.
The law for marriage was then
Untold evils arose from thi
i source, such as infanticide.
,'entleman here, state that the following news ider, and such like things; nil these' evils
:Vom England, in a letter ofthe date of Oct. j are not done away, but they have greatly de
I, had arrived there. The English fleet had creased. Have they not? I ask you all.
bombarded the forts on the logue, and wero In t,,01 rf i"" ot Km hamehaI. we were
... . ' . , not taught to respect the lights of others'
passing up the river to attack Canton, though wo ahn,, tl)R JMf ,e Cli.ul. the a'cd'
dieir progress was impeded by junks sunk and the chiefs oppressed the poor without
in the river. The steamers, however, were mercy. We did not know then that these
tilings were wrong, for
ible to overcome this difficulty, and would
ransport the troops. War wos said to be
nevitable, between France and England,
wing to difficulties growing out of the
' Eastern question," ur the differences be-
we bud no wise
teachers, but now it is plain to us that all
these things are wicked and deadly. It
would be w ell if we hud Jell them off.
In those ancient times, also, wc were
greatly given to gambling, drinking, and
nr ti t . . ..
jih. jmmtok i send vou tlie lollnw,
extracts from letters recently received 11
Oregon: which may bo of sufficient imp
tance for publication. A gentleman ul
400 miles up the Columbia Hiver, writes
Two wagons are at my door from t!
C . - a !! I . .
r-uuc oi Illinois, jt is now cfcai that ap
s n who understood the country wt II, ch:
conduct ii piuty with wurrons through In
the United States with very little trotihl-
'I E"ir families have arrived from t!
United States; one, consisting of two hid
and four children, are to settle on the W
I . 4 A ft II .1 .
iiameiie. rue inree others are inissnw
ries, and expect to settle in the upi er c
4.... tl 1a ' 1-. . 11
n). ii is said ou gentlemen are exp
ed this tall, and iUcusunda of families m
In a trial of speed between the II. F
I. Go's steamboat Heaver, and the Kiwi''
steamboat Nickoli I, The JJcnvcr "'
one and a half miles, on the route from Til
Hiver to Sitka." Yours truly.
THE HEATH OF A MOTHER.
KV II. II. DANA.
We do not offer the following to the r a'
er os new, but as touching and I ruiiti1'1
Its naturalness and simplicity melt the Isctf
Without a single forced, stirring, or uian
mon incident, the uttentinn of the render
riveted to the end, and w hen the last word
read, the mind involuntarily looks for i"rr'
as the ear waits at the close of a strain
"The sun not set yet, Thomas?"
quite, sir. It blazes through the trees
the hill yonder, as if their blanches wcre
Arthur raised himself heavily forw"
and with his hat still over his brow, turn
his glazed and dim eyes towards the nitii
Mill. It was only the niabt before, that I
had heard that his mother was ill, und cu
feui vive nut a cfay or two. He had n