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House.) Hut, Mr. Speaker, it is not ltlif inaccurate reporthing that 1 so much com plain, as of the circumstance ol'lhe rep uther having made mo spake in italics. Koars of laughter, which continued for some; time.) 1 appeal to you, Sir, and to those lion. Miui bcrs who heard me, whether 1 upoko in italics. (Renewed hursts of laughter from all parts of the House.) Vnu know, Mr. Speaker, and so docs every ginth min in this I louse, that 1 never spake in italics, at all at all. (Shouts of hiughter.) Iut, Sir, allow mo to suy, that this, had as it is, is not worst of the matter. Will you belave it, Sir? will onv hon. Mimber in the House belave it that when 1 went to the reporlhor to nsk for mi explanation, he told me, with tin? most perfect coolness, that if 1 K it myself nggrio ved, I knew my remedy, at tin; same time handing inc his card, Sir? The short and long of it is, Sir,.that this reporther wants to light a duel with me." Peals of laughter, such as were never before or have been since heard within the walls of Parliament, follow ed the conclusion of Mr. Martin's speech. When these had in some measure subsided, he moved that Mr. O'D be called to the bar of the House for having committed a breach of the privileges of the I louse; but there being no one to second the motion, it of course fell to the ground. 1'ioin Cliaimins's S-Ur-Ciilti're.'" h.' died that otic; of t!i: cau s of the pros-1 perity I witnessed, v;is the disuse of ar dent spirits by the people. And this re formation we may le assured wrought something higher than outward prosper ity. In almost every family so impiovcd, we cannot doubt that the capacities of the parent for intellectual and moral improve ment were enlarged, ami the means of ed ucation made more effectual to the child. I call on working men to take hold of the cause of temperance as peculiarly their cause. These remarks are the more need ed, in coi:scUcncc of the efforts made far ami wide, to annul at the present moment a recent law for the suppression of the sale of ardent spirits in such quantities as faor intemperance. I know, that there are intelligent and good men, who believe, that, in enacting this law, government transcended its limils, left its trim path, and established a precedent for legislative interference with all our pursuits and pleasures. No one here looks more jeal ously on irovcrnment than mvself. Put I maintain, that this is a case which stands by itself, which can be confounded with no other, and on which government from its verv nature and end is peculiarly bound to act. Let it never be forgotten, that the great end of government, its high- MI K POLYNESIAN. THE POLYNESIAN. SATUUDAV, JAN. ao, KS11. Jam In thi number we shall bring to a close, our remarks on the intlucnce of foreigners upon the natives of Polynesia. The many dki'erent circumstances under which it has been extended, with the diversity of opinions pievalcnt upon the subject, has led us much J farther than we originally intended, and the field grows more extensive as we advance. Vet it would he impossible to do it full jus tice within the small space of our columns, without inclining the charge of prolixity, sameness, and crowding out other matter of more general interest. To sonic it would he interesting to examine into the subject more in detail, and to trace the gradual de- elopement ot that incipient civilization which now exists among the tribes of the Pacilie. Wo have endeavored in previous essays, brieJly to show its connection with commerce, and those engaged more partic ularly in that pursuit; we shall in this, revert in general terms to the labors of missiona ries, and their influence in developing this principle. On tln ir arrival they found the islanders uctiuis to most cruel and debasing supeisli-, lions. These the untiring dibits of veais' have uprooted to a great ,etent, wjlh their accompanying vices ami crimes, and planted in their Mead the woiship of the one .leho-J a!i. Religious institution occupied their I proceed to another important means of Self-Culture, and this is the control of. est function, is. not to make roads, grant the animal appetites. To raise the mor-1 charters, originate improvements, but to nl and intellectual nature, we must put : prevent or repress crime against individ down the animal. Sensuality is the abvss j nal rights and social order. For this eiul in which verv m.iiiv souls are idun?ed it ordains a ticnal code, erects masons. and lost. Anion" the most nrosnerous t and millets fearful ! 'imishnients. Nw il l iU,rll,i"M mostly at first, but as soon as the classes, what a vast amount of intellcctu-it be true, that a vast proportion of the j ,," ,!,(' lVt,l1: had I.ccoiho familiar j nl life is drowned in luxurious excesses. 'dimes, which government is instituted to j with d .ctiiues of the liible, schools and' It is one great curse of wealth, that it is! pit vent ami r press, have their origin in j -.'uirwrios were oiabli.died, in which all the! used to pamper the senses; and among ! the use of ardent spa: its ; if our poor-hous- : common branches of education w ere taught', j the poorer classes, though luxury is wunt-jt's, work-houses jails ami penitentiaries nt nnoio mis couw m ioue, tlio language ing, yet a gross feeding often prevails, un- 'are tenanted in a great degree by those, was to be reduced to writing, and books der which the spirit is whelmed. It is a I whose first and chief impulse to crime j translated, a Work of labor, little appreciated, sad sight to walk through our streets, and Came from the distillery and dram-shop ; hut arduous in the extreme. The transla to sec how many countenances bear ! 'murder and theft, the most fearful out- lion of the Bible is in itself a monument of marks of a lethargy and a brutal coaise-: rages on property and life, sire most fre-: industry. The missionaries have always ncss, induced by unrestrained indulgence, i quently the issues 'ami consummation of j iurnished gratuitous medical advice and Whoever would cultivate; the soul, must intemperance, is not government, bound j medicines to the natives, and have endeav rcstrnin the appetites. lam not an ;id- to restrain by legislation the vending nfmrcd to destroy their barbarous custom of vocate for the doctrine, that animal food , the stimulus tollies;.' u niblc social wrongs; . treating diseases, bv the dissemination of Is government never to act sis si parent. - never to remove the causes or occasions of wrong doing? lias it but one instru- was not meant for man ; but that this is used among us to excess, that as a people vc should gain much in cheerfulness, ac tivity, and buoyancy of mind, by less gross and stimulating food, I sun strongly inclined to believe. Above all, let me urge on those, who would bring out undid"1' it wander beyond its sphere, bv im elevate their nature, to abstain from the i posing restraints on an article, which does correct knowledge upon this subject. Too little credit has been given them for the at tempt to teach the mechanical arts, and in- i i' . . : . . . i ii- i incui lor icpiessmgci....e,nan.eiy. pumie, tUHuc0 agricultural improvements. A far luminous piiiusii'iieiii, sin cvu omy mie rior to crime ? Is government si usurper. use of spirituous liquors. This bad hsib it is distinguished from all others by tin; ravages it makes on the reason, the intel lect ; and this effect is produced to a mournful extent, even when drunkenness is escaped. Not a few men, called tem perate, and who have thought themselves fuch, have learned, on abstaining . from the use of ardent spirits, that for years no imaginable good, which can plead no benefit conferred on body or mind, which unfits the citizen for the discharge of his duty to his country, and which, above sill, niersuid his family were among the liist body of missionaries that arrived at Hawaii, but owing to the indifference of tin; chiefs, were obliged to suspend their labors and return home. Many of the mechanics that we have met with were instructed by missionaries, and in . .i i- 1 conscouenco woi e able to earn si rood livin". stirs up men to the pcrpctralion ot most!,.,, ' . , , , , are rigidly enforced. Tables, scats pleads, suitiible clothing, and regular ' with their teachers, take the placu o'K,' and the calabash. It is by exnininin.r j, the minutix of the daily life of tho. these ami similar influence, and cMiijMr it with the uninstructed, that we can rj..', judge what has been accomplished. is needless to descend further ind) ,ar,-' bus. The hibors of the tnissinntirv r been directly employed in christianizing natives, and indirectly in civilizing j, they have done this, smd that the restdta gratifying in the extreme, none can !,, They also are educating them, smd lllv, troduccd the same system of lioe mI,,, which hsis raised New England t lnrln pitch of intellectual power. Coiiiiun nsli hsivc from the most free and ciilin countries, and educated in the bosom of democratic church, their intlucnce has l to extend human liberty and thought and introduce those institutions which k, crowned their native lands with so ,,, honor. They have laid a broad fotinda;. ibr national hap)incss and grcsitnrss, a their inlluence, whether upon natives whites will cease only with the end of things. Their character, like that ot t Puritans, will leave its impress upon a:' ages, and there are few of the present do not award that sect the just praise sowing those seeds of individual and nati. freedom, which hsivc operated so powcrii, in rendering America what she is. We not mean to say that their system is faultlt or that, what has been done in some iiR ccs might not have been done better. 1 same truth holds good of all other Inn means; imperfection and decay arc bur closely united with humanity. The two principles of Christianity antic iliation, modifying each other, give b edge and freedom to the world. Then . I . ! .'I. I II 1 i ue cuoicesi gins oi I'lovuiencc lo man. a his greatest happiness lies in the properi ion of the two. For their advancement c tinct professions arc necessary, though ta is essential, to the healthy existence the other. Mankind have moral ami tellectual wants, as well as physical Let not the professors of either nurr down their views to the horizon ol'tl selfish interests, but look about the world as the common field oftl labors, its improvement as their commune Their pursuits are all necessary, nil ml and should expand the soul, and inakt grasp at brighter things than the mere p sesions of some trilling gratification, or p triumph to their particular opinions or signs. of the crimes, from which it is the highest and most solemn office of government lo protect society ? It is chieilv through books that we en- 1'hey hae established manuiil-labor schools, and their precepts and examples tend direct ly to the encouragement of industry ami tin; introduction of the' trades and manufactures their minds hail been clouded, impaired Hoy inteiT-ourMMvitirsupc '''h '!" d"5 ieu.nlc seminary at by moderate drinking, without their sus-1 these invaluable means of communication " um,KU. 111 g' ts are taught to pecting the injury. Multitudes in this sire in the reach of all. In the best books, ssv W ,,ruu, l"it, and other employ city arc bercft'of half their intellectual 'great men talk to us. give us their most ,,,('nts amiable to their sex. In sill the other energy, by a degree of indulgence which I precious thoughts, anil pour their souls 1 s l'ouls' dese brunches are taught as far as passes for innocent. Of sill the foes of the working class, this is the deadliest. Nothing has done more to keep down this class, to destroy their self-respect, to rob them of their just inlluence in the com munity, to render profitless the means of improvement within their reach, than the use of ardent spirits as a drink. They arc called on to withstand this prsictice, as they regard their honor, and would take their just place in society. They arc under solemn obligations to give their sanction to every cllbrt for its suppres sion. They ought to regsird as their worst enemies, (though unintentionally such,) as the enemies of their rights, dig nity, and inlluence, the men w ho desire to Hood city and country with distilled poison. I lately visited a nourishing vil lage, and on expressing to one of the re spected inhabitants the pleasure I felt in witnessing so many signs of progress, he tune will not enter my obscure dwi Ihng. If the Sacred Writers will enter and take . i i a i . into ours, (iod he thiinked for books.!" J'vl,J usmmuuco unu encour- They sire the voices of tin; distant and the j ,("lt"t h;.'s ,)(t'M to die natives, to dead, and make us heirs of the spiritual , nia,iI diem to find a profitable market Ibr life of past ages. liooks are the true lev- j d'ir produce, ami to cresite exports Ibr the ellers. They give to all, who will faith- j P'"chase d' foreign goods. As far sis mis fully use them, the society, the spiritual j ''""aries, without compromising their char presence of the best smd greatest of our i acters as such, can go in affecting these de race. No matter how poor lam. No ' h-!iblo changes, they have done so; but their matter though the prosperous of my own J success depends more upon individual wants and interests, and requires the co-operation of the merchant and agriculturist. The mis- up their abode under tnv roof, if Milton J sionary has endeavored to civilize the na- will cross my threshold to sing to me of lives, by inducing theni to live in better Paradise, and Shakspcaro to open to mej houses, and forsake their old habits. If any the woilds of imagination and the work- i one doubts this, let him visit the habitations ings of the human heart, ami Franklin to ; of those who are under their immediate in enricli me with his practical wisdom, 1 j jhu nee, such as servants, schoolmasters, shall not pine for want of intellectual com-; M ho bus and the like, and he will witness piinionship, and I may. become si ullivsi-j the truth of the assertion. Look also at the led" man though excluded from what is - imp-cd manner of living at the 1JM, caljed the best society in the place where j Sclmol, smd all the boarding schools. yt. ' lsv' lllieieliud that the essentials of civilization M'l. 11 .1 l . ii- j no jxauuuiisi oruigs mieiugeiHT the complete success of Captsiiu in ascending Moiinsi Loa, with all tk'i cessary apparatus for establishing an servsitory on its .summit. It wsis up task , siml re(piired the services f sevt hundred men to transport the instiuiii'i1 small framed buildings, (which arc soo strutted that they can be taken apart put together in a few minutes.) tin' stores, ev e. Hut the energy and versince of the commander and his mini overcame every dilliculty, and tin ' rcwanled by finding a field of even m" interest than they anticipated, and al': successfully accomplishing all the olf of the expedition. It will add mtn'1 the laurels they have already won the several departments of science, though it may not be attended with nine tarctic -'"n puonc generally, nesiucs of great utility. The whole active vo ic region of that portion of Hawaii Kt been thoroughly explored, and the V C heights and positions of the ntotii)1; 5 i C much eclat as the discovery of tlic:F: tarctic Continent, it cannot fail of . i I 11 1 I.Ai''