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THE POLYNESIAN. Ib7 4t 'he temple Louhi, was the temple proper, tvns larger than the other, and built on iLnl l n n ttlnrtt Iflll t !ni1nr1L uq IlKu liini tiwui iiiiiuiiii i mi, ii iiiliuu- tiso houses, the Halaluhi, the Ilaleumu, do Msma,the Waiea, and the Halcpahu, be l(,s the Aium, and the idols made with liuls. The god ot this temple was called I . a a Ten days were employed in consccra tliis temple, and there were distinct scr- Xcs each day, and many priests were en- Vcil. They were a distinct order from use of Lono, and were called Kanahi, or order of Ku. Of this order was Hcwa- jVva, the great high priest of this group of ''Bands. According to the number and offices of de priests so was the number of the deadly lipiH, by which men wore killed. In u One of this kapu, I saw three men (FCeahi, ftcliiiiimii, and Kane) sacrificed in the tem fjr called Kikiau, at Kealakeakua, at Kona, ii'.vaii; one lor putting on the duet s maro, riot her for eating what was sacred, and the irJ fr g"mg out ot a kapti house and enter This wus about the Ac that was not kapti. tW 1 1 8 . i There were tour great gods, ot which 1 live heard, whose names were Ku, .Lono, aue, and Kanaloa. J hesc were male Umuinuu, that is Kihawaliine (jinale gods; but besides these were very quay little gds, which our people worship-: red. Those above won; only the great dei fies. I myself was guardian of one of the finiile deities, called Kihawaliine. Very imv articles of fin d were at different times ni by them, si that neither chiefs nor ii-ir attendants could eat them. Nevctthc- j Js, both chiefs and people placed much re ilncc in these false gods, because it was tjid, salvation belonged to the pious alone, rid to pray to the gods was the only way to tlumph in sickness, in battle, and the pains cjj' death But the only salvation I used to tpar of, was to live from childhood to ex tme old age, when one can no longer walk, ijlf a chief was taken sick, a boy was offer f in sacrifice, to propitiate the male god, l)io was angry about something, during the fist night. It was the duty of the priest Cid the Kahuakua, to present the offering tifbre the feather idol in the heiau. But if U relief was obtained, then a rnalo was prc tjntcd to a female god, and if tho dream was jfo)itinus, of running water, of a well of wa tr, or even bitter water, then the priest and dvorite of the god came and prophesied, living " Your god has answered, you have sickness." cause their houses were sacred and every thing that pertained to their persons. Many, very many were the deadly kapus connected with the persons and property of tho chiefs. 1 hav e seen many of them. In the daytime these kapus were peculiarly rigid; they were less so in the night, because the eyes of the common people could not then look upon them. When I was about to take hold of any thing belonging to the king, his kapa, his spit-box, or bis kahili, I prepared first my own person, by throwing off every thing except the malo; I could wear no kapa what ever; it was strictly forbidden; then I took hold. I dare not attend to any concern of my own while waiting on the king. When travelling, I must not walk straight behind his back, this was kapti; neither dare I ap proach his shadow in the forenoon or after noon, not even the shadow of the house in which he lived. No common man could ap proach that place with their kanas on. If any thing was carried to or from the chief the carrier cried aloud to all, to fall pros trate, w lieh all did, throwing off their kapas and whatever they were carrying. If they had something they could not get rid of at once, the only way was to fall prostrate. It would have been death to have stood up. used to be gods. be happy. If we hae received blessings, ' we should return blessings. If we have been loved, we should love in return. If God continues to favor us, this is better than , all other things. We shall then prosper, j Let us give heed to his word and walk in his ways. 'AiU; but there were also female gods, such So you see, our chiefs u ti l'apa, I loohoku, allium, 1 latum a, Iva- Numerous indeed were 'the oppressive 1 li(!se were Idvvs and customs of those times. They were hard times, dangerous times; but we then thought these things were all right. Alas for us, how dark hearted we were. Chiefs who reigned before the days of Kame haincha I. were despised, because they kill ed their people without foundation, as I have heard. IS ut the reign of Kamehanicha was greatly admired, because, unlike former chiefs, he protected and favored the common people, even children, old women and old men. He placed strong kapus upon the agriculture and fishing of the common peo ple. His acts were really good; he was a man of deep and strong consideration, but some of his laws were very bad. If any one should say that his course was excellent, and excelled the regulations ot the present time, I cannot think he is correct. We have ma ny improvements at the present day. For merly we had no books, no writing, no Jlible, no just laws, nor good ministers, nor Sab baths, nor churches, nor teachers, nor schools. We had no proper trials of offen ders, nor suitable punishments. Wo had no such thing that I saw as wisdom. We knew not the true God; we were without God, without a Redeemer, without a Sacrament. It is my opinion if Kamehaineha was now alive he would be a Christian, and he would iKiimehamoha I. had great rcgord for his confess his sins against the true God. Like '1 . . . !, because he thought it wns his piety that ( myself whose dark mind was fixed that our l icured him the victory of nil the kingdom gods were real, and our kapus good, but the t' Hawaii 1 also then thought that this Holy Scriptures have shown me my own t ihitry of Hawaiians was true, because I beurt, and I have seen the things both great If id heard from my infancy these things, and and small which God hath wrought in days Uv mind was fixed that they were right. of old; 1 see the difference betwee n good .'fWhen Liholiho began to break up the ka- nnd evil. My mind is therefore satisfied pi's, and men and women began to eat to- with the righteousness of God, and I will filler, I had great abhorrence of his con-uiess him all the days of my life, and strive i? ict, and even wept aloud in his presence, to do those things which are for tiie good of dying to him, " we must forsake this work men, according to his will. 1 see great roa- once, or god will be angry at us." Rut 1 : 8()n to bless God for his love to us and our hue since seen that I was egregiously mis-j nation. He has taken away our false gods, tjkrn, for behold, that idolatry was all false ' and our distressing kapus. This was once u foolish. 1 and others were greatly op-, a land of war; we were a fighting people, essed with the multitude of wicked kapus, hut we are all at peace now; we have also e of the most inconvenient of which was now many good laws; the burdens of the tl-' prohibiting mates and females to eat to- poor are made lighter; old people are not ther. They lived separately, the women taxed, nor do they goto chiefs work, llus 'ing in their house and the men in theiis. bauds and wives live together as they do in his occasioned great additional labor, and j enlightened lands; our chiefs are no longer ated much misery. Tho women could , gods to destroy us. Therefore owing to the 1 rlitlier eat nork eoronnnts. nor bananas. i . , T ry some other things; dogs and certain fish (7 could eat. Tho praying classes did V pork at all times; it was only during cer f'i kapus. and at other times thV would t fish. Here a another sort of kapu thaty have "". viz high chiefs, and especially the lfS- They were called gods by some, be SPIRIT KA'I lO.Ns AT jKA. I have just been favored with the perusal of a private letter from an officer of the Li. S. Navy, recently written in a foreign port, on board one of our frigates, in which he sets forth the ev ils of spirit ration, as by law daily issued to all in this branch of our na tional service, who do not choose to receive money in lieu of it; and 1 am inclined to ask the attention of your readers to the sub ject, in the hope that, along with the clfoits now making to disseminate right view s of the nature and effects of intoxicating drinks among our fellow citizens, a sympathy may be awakened in behalf of the six thousand gallant tars to whom is committed the pro tection of our national Hag and our national honor in every sea and clime, but who by this very law are placed in circumstances to betray beth. This 1 do in the hope that we shall 'imitate our friends in the State of New Vork, who have petitioned Congress, within a few days past, with reference to this sub ject. Very lew of the men. this officer states, prefer money to their grog; and our halt pint of whiskey is served out to each man every day in equal quantities, morning; noon and night; and this, be it remembered, is the daily allowance of the young novitiate, as well as the old toper and what is the con sequence? Just as certainly us effect fol lows cause, intemperance is, and will be the inevitable result. These rations of alcohol cannot be daily swallowed for any consider able length ot time, without causing that pe culiar disease which demands for its relief, or rather to alleviate its horrors, continual repetition of its cause; thus hurrying by an almost irresistable force, its unhappy victim down the deep descent of degredation and misery, often to end his days in a hospital, long before his years have reached their noon tide of life. The writer remarks, "I believe it to be the future policy of the government to receive apprentices into the navy, and in struct them in all the branches appertaining to their duty on board vessels of war. A large number of boys have already entered the service, and others arc joining it from day today. How important it must be then that these young men just entering on the duties of their profession should have a good example set them, and every inducement be offered to excite I hem to form correct moral habits. Rut while the present practice is pursued, nothing can be accomplished, and, instead of raising up a class of young men which will be an ornament to the country, and her defence in time of need, we shall he found paying a premium for vice, and edu cating an army of drunkards and vagabonds." How long, 1 ask, shall this aiisunlity find a place among the councils of this great and enlightened nation? How long t-hail the fa tal eiror be cherished, which was embraced by the first congress, that ardent spirits would do the soldiers of their armies good, amidst their t iU and sufferings, but which, in tlx; end, left this nation (very much in consequence of this error, propagated by such authority, audio this manner) in slave ry to alcohol a bondage in some rtspects more degrading and ruinous than that from which our noble fathers futight successfully for our deliverance ? An impression is entertained among tho officers of the navy, (says the writer,) that seamen to man our ships could not be obtain ed, if the spirit ration was abolished. It will be recollected by your readers, that when the temperance reformation beg;;n, the objection among the farmers to the doc trine of total abstinence was, that they could not procure laborers to secure their harvests, unless they furnished them with ardent spir its; and yet, how soon this objection vanish ed, when the experiment was fairly made; so would it be in the present case, beyond ail reasonable doubt. What parent, knowing the facts in the easo, would consent to place his son amidst these dangers, in eoui; arisen with which the dangers of tho ccan, wilh all its rocks and storms, are a nothing. Hut let this cause of min be put away en tirely, and how many will eagerly pr ss for ward to be engaged in their country's ser vice; to defend her honor, and share her glo ry. Hot now how i it ? I will tell von in alluded. "Intoxicating drinks arc the cause of all the trouble we have on boat d our ships. Men are frequently confined in double irons, and for what Beastly intoxication, insub ordination and mutinous conduct, insolence, or desertion, while under the influence of H- , quor. .Nine men out often, yes, ninety-nine out of a hundred, that are brought to the gangw ay to receive ndo.cn lashes with a cat-o-nine-tails on the naked back, nre Hogged for offences committ d while under the influ ence of indent spirits," Now 1 ask, will such men care for their country's honor or glory by whose authority they have been punished for crimes they knew not how or whyf I think not, nnd if any thing demands a remedy, in relation to our naval affairs, it is in this particular. With these few hints I commit the subject to abler hands, and hope soon to see a memori al to Congress circulated for signatures among my fellow citizens praying for such a remedy us the case demands. (Joxnunt. . Tiik nnvr oath on Ho .urn. "My lads," said a captain when reading his orders to the crew on the quarter deck, to take tho command of the ship, "there is one law that 1 am determined to make, and I shall insist upon its being kept; indeed it is a favor which 1 ask of yen, and which, as a Hritish officer, I expect will be granted by a crew of Rritish seamen; what say you, n.y lads; are you willing to grant your new captain, who promises to treat you well, one favor?" "Ay, ay, sir," cried all hands "Please let us know what it is, sir," snul a rmigh-look- ing. hoarse-voiced boatswain. " by, my lads," said the captain, 4,it is this: that you must allow me to twear the first oath in this ship; this is a law 1 cannot dispense with; I must insist on it ; I canm t be denied. No man on board must swear an oath before I do; 1 am determined to have the piivilego of swearing the first oath on board II. M. S. (J . What say you, my lads, will you grant me the favor? Remember you will come aft to ask favors of me soon; come, what do you say, am I to have the privilege of sw earing the first oath on board the C r" The men stared, and stood for a moment quite at a loss what to say. "They were taken," says one, "all aback." "They were brought up," says another, "all stand ing." Thev looked at each other for a mo ment, as if they would say, why. there is to be no swearing in the ship. The captain reiterated his demand in a firm but pleasant voice; "Now, my fine fellows, what do you say; am I to have the rivi!e of swearing the first oath on board?" The appeal seemed so reasonable, and the manner of the captain so Kind and prepos sessing, that a general burst from the ship's company announced, "Ay, ay, sir," with their ncciiFtom' d three cheers, when they left the quarter-deck. "I say, Jack," said one of the sailers to the boatswain's-mate, ns they went down the ; main hatchway ladder, "my eyes, but what ja skipper we've shipped now; and stnnd .clear jaw tn'kling fore and aft now; look out for squalls, every dog onboard; mind ' you don't rap out, Jack, as you generally 'do; clap a stopper on the red rope now; keep your eye upon the corporal, nil hands; I the captain is to swear the first oath; dtpend Jupon it, he'll have the first fellow to tho gangway who swears on oath before he begins. The effect was good, swearing w as wholly anoiiyicu in lue snip. 31 A It 12V I? NEWS. firm persuasion of my own mind, I exhort all who are here present to-day, to read the Ho ly Scriptures, and call to mind the happy changes that have taken place, as well as all the blessings which have been graciously conferred upon us from time to time, as we have received many during the year now ut a close. Have we not been too inconsider ate of our mercies? That is not the way to the language of the officer to whom I have yr POST OP HONOLULU. AKUIM'I). April .'30. Am. Whaleship Sapphire, Cait- vvright, Salem .- mos. tiol) bbls. I.ah AiN a , Maui, strrhuri. Apr. l.M. Magiu t, Champlain, Warren, I I -2 mos. bids. 23. Abigail,.!. V. Cox, New Redford, 'J I m os. 7.V) bids. l.'Othis season. Waiter Sott, C. f'unker, Nantuck et. " I -.5 mo. " U S Ship St I.onis, I-'rench For rest, from Oabu. -7. 'ephvr, A. (jiirdner, N. Redford, .'J ni"a bils .'"() this season. " Vine) aid, S. R. Crocker, Cdgar- town, 6 mos. 1 0 bbls. 28. Rraganza, Whiiniore, New Bed foid, .j m s. 100 lib!.