Newspaper Page Text
tftllt HAWAIIAN STAR
: TUESDAY, JVm 20,
M)3, SIX PAGES.
(Continued from Third page.)
lated to injute the sheathing. In fact,
they protect the cable, which quickly
becomes imbedded in them. However,
the globigetina ooze is nut found at a
greater depth than somewhat under
three miles, while the pteropod ooze
does not occur deeper than a mile and
three-quarters. The reason for this is
that the dissolving action of the sen
water, due to the presence of free car
bonic acid, cannot be withstood by the
delicate, limy shells long enough to
allow them to sink more deeply.
Submarine rabies suffer more near
shore than in the depths of the sea.
In the shallows they are exposed to the
chemical action engendered by decay
ing animal and vegetable matters. The
iodine contained in seaweeds destroys
iron rapidly. Accordingly, localities
which run quickly into deep water over
bottoms of mud or sand are chosen fur
landing places at the ends of the route.
15y selecting the gully at Salinas Land
ing for a starling point, the minimum
length of cable will be exposed to dam
age from such sources, as well as from
the anchors of vessels and from the
wear and tear of waves and breakers.
In shallow water great injury is done ta
cables by the bivalve mollusk called the
"teredo" or "ship-worm," as well as by
a shrimp-like crustacean named "lim
noria." The latter is a very small
creature, only about one-eighth of an
inch long and covered with minute
hairs. Hut its numbers are so great
and the jaws with which it chews are so
powerful that it will demolish wooden
piles at the rate an of inch of their thick
ness per annum. Teak is the only
wood it does not devour.
In 1859 a hemp covered telegraphic
cable, alter being raised alter hardly a
year's submersion, was found covered
with countless millions of the teredo
and limnoria. The hemp had entirely
disappeared under the operations ol
the mollusk, while the crustacean had
pierced the gutta percha insuhiting core
with ever so many small round holes
In the shallow water close by Honolulu
the temperature is about 77 degrees in
winter. This warmth might interfere
with the insulating properties of the
gutta percha, and on that account it is
recommended that India rubber shall
be used for the core at that end of the
line. Experience has proved that in
isolated patches of the sea bottom
some agency very destructive to the
sheathing wires of cables frequently
occurs. I his is believed to be due to
outcrops of veins of minerals, and such
localities are avoided whenever it is
possible. I he action of salt water
would be likely to decompose the min
eral substances, forming solutions which
would attack the meta
At present a plan commonly adopted
is to envelope the eutta percha core
with a bandage of iloth impregnated
with stearine. 1 his is designed to
prevent galvanic action .between the
copper wires forming the conductor
and the outer armor of iron. The
lines of the Eastern Submarine Tele
graph Company and the Eastern Ex
tension Submarine Company, both 1 f
which pass through regions badly in
fested by the teredo, are protected in
this way and have resisted the enemy
well. Instances are recorded in which
cables have been bitten by sharks and
cut by swordfishes. In one rase a
break was caused by a whale which got
entangled in a loose portion of cable
that hung down between two steep
slopes. It is important that a cable
should lie on the bottom throughout
its entire extent.
Incidentally to the soundings, obser
vations were made of the bottom
temperatures. Below half a mile in
depth the water of the ocean is in
tensely cold, remaining both winter
and summer at a point only slightly
above freezing. The contents of a
trawl hauled up from the floor of the
sea at the equator will be found to
include mud and ooze that is nearly
freezing. All of the life in the vast
waste of water called the Pacific is
either near the surface or at the bot
torn. The abyssal fishes cannot live
except under the enormous pressure of
water amounting to over two tons to
the square inch at three miles down
to which they are subjected. In order
that they may be enabled to endure
this, the tissues of their bodies and
even their bones are very loose in tex
ture. Though solid enough under the
conditions to which they are accus
tomed, they are soft and pulpy when
dragged up to the open air. Their
eyes protrude and sometimes they
actually burst open.
Such fierce carnivorous fishes as
exist in the depths of the ocean are un
known at the surface. There is the
"black swallower," which devours other
finny creatures ten times as big as itself,
literally climbing over its victim, first
with one jaw and then with the other.
Another species is nearly all mouth,
and having almost no power of loco
motion, it lives buried in the soft ooze
at the bottom, its head alone protrud
ing, ready to engulf any prey that may
wander into its cavernous jaws. There
is a terocious kind 01 a shark, resem
bling a huge eel. All of these monsters
are black as ink. Some of them are
perfectly blind, while others have
enormous goggling eyes. No ray of
sunlight ever pierces the dark un
fathomed caves in which they dwell.
Each species is gobbled by the species
next bigger, lor there is no vegetable
life to feed on.
The surface of the grayish ooze over
which the cable will run is an interm
inable desert where nothing grows.
There being no sunlight to support veg
etable life, not a blade nor sprout of
any sort of vegetation is to be discov
ered not even a seaweed. Here and
there are creatuies called "rrinoids,"
which counterfeit plants in their ap
pearance, with waving steins and what
look like flowers, but are not such.
There are a!so seaw irms, which live in
, 1 , .... . 1
luuca aim rismiiiKC 111c must minium
blossoms. Spinny sea-urchins are plcn
tiful, and over the bottom are crawl
ing shrimp like crustaceans of bright
(Concluded on Sixth Page. J
Everything in the Jewelry
and Silverware line.
"Up to date" in styles and
patterns : sometimes a little
ahead of date, but never behind.
The only establishment in
the country where eyes are.
measured on thoroughly scien
tific nrincinlcs and nrlnsses Guar
anteed to fit each particular case.
H. F. WICHMAN.
With which Xeal's En
amel Finish (offered in six
teen delicate shades) may
be applied, and innumera
ble articles (wooden, wil
low, earthen and metal
ware of every description)
about a home which may
be given a handsome ap
pearance by its use, and
the trifling expense at
which it may be procured,
have rendered it extreme
Some of the finest ef
fects for home decoration
are procured by its use.
It imparts to articles
upon which applied a
smooth, hard and highly
Handsome results are
( let wh.it von want at
THOS. G. THRUM.
ami News Agency.
106 FORT STREET.
AONSEQUENT upon the new inter
J est in art circles through the recent
formation of classes in water colois,
the above establishment lus procured
full supplies of special required colors,
and brushes of Winsor & Newton s re
liable make, and Whatman's roujh
paper in sheets and blocks Oil colors
also in full stock.
Special Imi'OKT Orders for Hooks
Music, Musical Instruments, Kubbcr
Stamps, Notarial and Corporation Seals,
or other requirements attended to by
each outgoing steamer.
Subscriptions to local and foreign
periodicals promptly attended to and
special publications procured to order.
Orders for reserves on receipt of mails
booked for attention as far an supplies
American Flags (sewed bunting
no printed affairs), with 44 stars, ot o,
10, 12 feet; also cotton flags mounted
on sticks various sizes, and flag-print
ed piece goods for decorations.
A 1'Ull Stock of office, commercial
and society Stationery on hand, with
new additions and novelties added by
every steamer. Hooks on these Islands
a specialty, with tho
as the recognitd
reliable reference book on all matters
pertaining to Hawaii.
OOK-BINDING Order! of all kinds executed
with promptitude, and Paer Kuleu to any
desired patt.ru; Man-mounting, Clteck-numbw-
- perforating, Blocking or other work attend.
ed to in a prouer workmanlike manner, without
any brat; or bluster.
AND Nt-.Uh Dl AU K.
mi 1. 1 1
BETH F.I, STREET: OPPOSITE
POST Oi l ICE TELEPHONE
J.17 "HE 1. 1." "MU'I L'Al." m.
EVERY DESCRIPTION OF IOII,
BOOK. AND COMMERCIAI
PRIXTINC. PAPER RULING
AND HOOK BINDING.
Lowest GASH Prices!
To Gain and to Keep
Flesh and Strength !
We have J 1 1 t received 288
Bottles direct from Factory,
50 cts. and $1.00 per Bottle.
Ten per cent. Discount for Cash
Fresh Stock, Fresh from
Factory. Prices 10 cts.. 75 cts.
Fen per cent. Discount for Cash
Hobron, Newman & Co.
Agents for Hood's Sars.iarilla.
I desire to call the attention
of persons going abroiid to
these celebrated sanitary pro
ductions, for which I am Sole
Agent for the Islands.
Its to your advantage both
Financially and Physically, to
supply yourself with a Full
Outitt before leaving. I have
just imported a fresh supply
direct from Germany of Dr.
A cholera preventive.
By the yard, for making or re
Also, a few pairs remaining of
Just the thing for Tourists.
SOUS AiJENT FOR
Dr. C. Jahger'n Productions.
EGAN & GUNN.
We Call Special Attention to the following Lines of Goods:
Ladle', Children's ami Gent's Fast Black Hose, from 25 cti. n psir up.
Dent Gloves, 8-llutlon Undressed, at $1.75 a pair.
Short Gauntlet Driving Gloves, $1.75 a pair.
Our MIl.MNliRV STOl'U is very complelc. I.ATKST NOVHLT1KS direct finm I'ails
anil London. Just received from Japan, a choice stock of those fine
Embroidered Dresses, Kimoras, Silk Curtains, Table
Covers, Lamp Shades, Silk Shirts, Pajnmas, Etc.
Life Assurance Society of Hie United States
Offers Insurance on all the Popular Plans, viz.:
Ordinary Life Plan, Tontine Instalment Plan (New, CliEAl'
Endowment Plan, and Attuactivi:),
Semi Tontine Plan, Joint Life Risks,
Vice Tontine Plan, Partnership Insurance,
Indemnity Iiond Plan (Coupon l!ond Children's Endowments,
at maturity, if desired), Annuities,
Endowment Hond Plan (sguarantced) Term Insurance, etc., etc. etc.
It will cost you nothing to call at the office of the undersigned, and
make further inquiries. Should you conrludc to insure, it will be money in
Bruce A. J. Gartwright,
Managers for the Hawaiian Islands EQUITABLE L'fe Assurance Society of U S.
HENRY DAVIS & Co.,
52 Fort Street,
GROCERS AND PROVISION DEALERS !
Purviyois to the United States Navy and Provisioned of War Vessels.
FAMILY GROCERIES. TABLE LUXURIES. ICE HOUSE DELICACIES.
Coffee Roasters and Tea Dealers.
Island Produce a Specialty
FRESH BUTTER and EGGS.
We are Agents and First Handlers of Maui Potatoes,
AND SELL AT LOWEST MARKET RATES
P. O. Box 505. Both Telephones Number 130.
Headquarters for Hawaiian Island
Fresh Eggs, 30 Cents per Dozen.
From the Celebrated Dairies, Woodlawn and Mikilua.
OM ISLAHD POTATOES, ate Simply Superb
They Bake Well, Boil Well, and Fry Well.
Why pay 2 to 3 cents a pound for a poor California or
Neio Zealand Potato in these hard times, when
will supply you a Fikst-Ratk Potato,
Delivered at your Door for One Dollar and a Quarter
per Hundred TO-DAY.
HENRY DAVIS & CO.,
P. O. Box 505. Both Telephones 130. 52 Fort Street.
H. S. TREGLOAN & SON,
Merchant Tailors !
Ol FER TO THE GENERAL PUBLIC THEIR LARGE
AND COMPLETE STOCK OK
Foreign Woolens for Spring k Summer
AT 20 PER CENT DISCOUNT FOR CASH,
Business Suits Induced to Twenty-two Dollars and f0 Cents
Business Pants Reduced to Six Dollars and f0 Cents.
11. S. TREGLOAN & SON.
Honolulu, H. I.
They Have Gome !
Those Razor Strops you have
been wailing foi several weeks,
are here. They are so good
that it has been said of them,
that if you lay your razor, and
one of these strops down to
gether on your wash-stand, the
razor will keep a fine edge;
still, we recommend following
the directions printed on each
Anti-Rattlers. We have
a new kind which you can put
on to the shafts of your buggy,
without breaking four fingers
and a thumb. The' prevent
two things rattling and swear
ing. Boardman's Pat. Wrench.
4 sizes, just the kind of
combination wrench to have
about the house.
Try the new Keystone
Egg Beater, if you want 0
beater that will do quick, clean
Hose, -in. to 2-in., 3
and 4-ply plain or wired, just
received; cheap and good qual
ity; also carbolized. We have
a large stock of '"Hubbucks,"
"Pioneer,"and cheaper brands
of White Leads and Zinc.
Also, Oil. Turpentine, and all
painters' supplies, and you will
do well to see our Stock and
get our Prices before you paint
American Flags,--G to 18
feet long, came by the last
steamer to us. They are a fine
lot, sewed bunting.
Fire Arms and Ammuni
tion. A new lot of Sporting
and Target Rifles, Colt's new
Navy, Smith and Wesson, and
cheaper Revolvers, came last
week and can now be seen.
We carry the most complete
assortment of Cartridges in
town, from 22 to 50 cal., and
always have plenty of them.
Leather. We have re
ceived within the past sixty
days, by steamer and sail, 66
Rolls of Leather, containing
)08R lbs., and f:5.l7 ft ; also,
.'i bales containing 142 doz.
sheep skins, so it looks as if
wc: meant to keep our Stock of
Leather tip, although by get
ting it in large lots, we are able
to keep the prices down.
Salt. -Wc art; headquarters
for Hawaiian Salt, as we
make it. That the quality is
good, and Price Low, is easily
shown by the large quantity
we sell every week.
Blight Compound. Five
gallons will make 05 gallons of
wash. You spray your Lime
and Orange Trees with this
wash, and the Blight will do
the rest, die and drop off the
trees. We have the compound
at our store, or can give you an
order on the Gov't. Nursery
for it, but don't forget to bring
a 5-gallon can to put it in. We
sell spraying outfits.
E. 0. HALL & SON.
Cou. Fort & King Sts.
Club Stables Co.
S. I GRAHAM, Manager,
Liyery, Feed and Sale Stables.
Four Srunn-, linwixN Hona
IIOTII TEl.KI'HONES No. 477.
1ST Connected with Hack Stand
Coiner King and Hethel Sts.
BOTH TELEPHONES No. 113
The Central Market
Having changed limnl., will Re-open on the
I'irrt of June, with a lct yock of Beef,
Mutton. Yual, Sauces, Etc.
All oideri carefully ami piomptly filled.
WKSTMKOOK & GAUES,
llolh Telephone. 104. 55