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THE HAWAIIAN STAR: THURSDAY, JUNE 22, 1893. SIX PAGES.
The Hawaiian Star.
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THURSDAY, : JUNE 22, 1893.
A REPUBLIC AS A MEANS.
It grieves the ex-Queen's personal
organ to find that the Annexationists
are no more dismayed at Judge Cool-
eys I'orum argument for which, no
doubt, the Sugar Trust made ample
payment than they were at Claus
Spreckels' demand for his $95,000
Judge Cooley, as we pointed out the
other day, brings the annexation ques,
Hon down to -a matter of names. That
is to say he-thinks a "provisional" gov
ernment could not legally transfer this
country to any other. But the Michigan
jurist does not, and of course cannot
deny that a government which has be
come a fixture no matter whether it is
autocratic or representative in its
origin possesses all treaty-making
powers ; a conclusion which opens the
way to the Provisional Government of
Hawaii to easily reach, if it does not
now have, a position where it can offer
these Islands to the United States with
a clear title. No intelligent man will
claim that an election by universal
suffrage in a country where Asiatics
and an intimidated class of the
native element would demand th
voting privilege is a needtul pre
liminary to such an advance. Act
ual possession is the thing that counts.
in the case of Hawaii quite as much as
it did in that of Chile. It will be re
called that President Montt not only
seized the Santiago Government by
force of arms, but he drove out the
newly and legally elected President,
Claudio Vicuna; overturned the result
of the national balloting and made
himself dictator. No one denied or
could deny that a successful revolution
gave him the legal right to so control
and direct Chilean affairs. Precisely
the same result would have been
reached here providing the revolution
ary junta had avoided the term pro
visional and assumed republican nom
enclature. It is not too late to do it
yet. By a simple turn of the wrist
the present regime in Hawaii could be
come the President, Cabinet and
Legislature of a Hawaiian Republic
and from that point of vantage could
push the Annexation treaty without
having its power to do so called into
It, of course, will please the silly
people who conduct the ex-Queen's
organ to say that this suggestion is in
consistent in view of the Star's pre
vious arguments against a republic.
There is, however, no inconsistency
about it. We have been and remain
opposed to a republic as an end, but
we should support one as a means the
ultimate purpose being the union with
America which, however, deferred by
misunderstanding and partisanship it
may be, is as certain to be achieved as
is to-morrow, or the day after, or the
year to come.
Meanwhile the suggestions made
perhaps unconsciously by the Michi
gan judge, will ripen in the public
mind and become, perhaps, the first
choice fruits of the January reform
If the cause of annexation and re
form could come before the people of
the Hawaiian Islands on its merits it
would undoubtedly win at the polls.
It now has the backing of the vast
majority of responsible, property own
ing and intelligent white voters; and
among the better class of natives fealty
to it is common and strong. Outside
of this element, among the larger native
population much deception has been
practiced by the Royalist propaganda
and fear has been spread that annex
ation would mean exile to the original
owners of the soil. If only such un
warranted fancies could be
swept away and the reform
cause could be reasonably dis
cussed on the opposing as well as
the proposing side, an island plebiscite
would be desirable and safe. But why
ask people to decide on your political
interests and views when they have
been made to believe that you come
with fair words merely to gain their
confidence and do them deadly harm?
They could reach no decision which
would be just either to you or to them
selves. Ten to one all the Royalist shriekers
would be out for annexation if one
more year of military government
REVIEWOF JUDGE COOLEY
TELLING REPLY TO
Judge Hartwell Takes Up the Gauntlet
for Annexation Much Sophis
Judge Cooler's article in the Forum
contains too much partial and incor
rect statement, irrelevant matter and
wrong inference, to permit the belief
that he has hastened into print trom
disinterested motives. His uttei-
ancesdonot indicate the judicial spirit,
or an attempt to discover the tacts,
or the significance of the facts, which
relate to the Hawaiian situation. He
exhibits the heat and something of
the nervousness of a well paid, hut
ill prepared advocate, addressing
jury whose minds are so uninformed
on the issue as to be susceptible ot
entirely new impressions. He does
not even take the pains which the
skillful lawyer seldom omits, to state
the other side in his own way. In
this article ot I udge Cooley s, one may
search in vain lor any alteram partem.
This again leads to the surmise that
the judge is "a willing witness. His
grave obstacles to Hawaiian annex
ation," include several objections to
the particular lorm and non-essential
terms of annexation contained in
Mr. Harrison's treaty. Apart from
such immaterial discussion, his "ob
stacles" may thus be summarized,
1. Hawaii is not on the Ameri
can Continent, its people are not
"homogeneous" with the American
people, in fact they would form a
2. The Provisional Government
ought not to negotiate a treaty for
annexation without first taking
vote of the aboriginal Hawaiian
He thus states his first objection.
"Its (referring to the United States)
anticipated expansion was to em
brace states whose citizens would be
homogeneous with the people who
created it. The Union was to be of
'United States of America,' and if it
could reach out into the sea for the
bringing in of a people so different
from our own as those then occupy
ing San Domingo, or for the found
ing of States of colored races, it
might so far as the Constitutional
question was concerned equally well
be extended to cover colonies in
Arabia or Zululancl."
It is impossible to see why the ac
quiring of extra continental territory
within the direct influence of the
United States, in a locality near
enough to allow hostile armed cruis
ers to prey upon American commerce
and naval expeditions to be fitted out
against the American coast, involve
the planting of colonies in Arabia or
Zululand, or the dome of anything
else which is foreign to the objects
tor which the union ot the states was
To say that the population of Ha
waii is not already "homogeneous'
with that of the United States, is
saying what few Americans who have
lived long enough in Hawaii to know
the characteristics of its people will
admit. That the population would
become fully homogeneous long be
fore the period of Statehood could be
reached is not open to reasonable
douljt. For Mr. Cooley's claim that
contiguity of territory is essential to
its forming part of the United States
no argument is vouchsafed. It is not
apparent why Martha's Vineyard or
Long Island is not as solid a portion
of American soil as if no deep sea
soundings could be taken between
them and the main land. It is near
ly as easy now to steam from San
Francisco to Honolulu as it was fifty
years ago to sail from Boston to
Nantucket. Accessibleness is more
desirable than contiguity.
When Louisiana, California and
Alaska were acquired, they were hard
er to get at, and had in them more
discordant element than is now the
case with Hawaii. The treaty power
which acquired Louisiana did not
depend for its existence upon the fact
mentioned by Mr. Cooley that "The
purchase was not only needed to pro
vide for the natural and inevitable
expansion of the settlement then
going on in the territory of the United
States." It was no more true of
Louisiana then than it is of Hawaii
now that, "it also fitted perfectly in
to the American system," or that,
"the purchase brought nothing of a
discordant nature into the existing
If Hawaii shall now or in some
future day be annexed, either by ex
ercise of the treaty power or legisla
tive power granted by the Constitu
tion of the United States, or by the
exercise of both of those powers, it
will not be difficult to show that it
was because Hawaii "was needed to
provide for the natural and inevitable
expansion" of the United States as
well as to guard the interests of the
United States against the natural
and (but for annexing Hawaii), inev
itable expansion of other countries
bordering on the Pacific Ocean. It
will then be easy enough to show
that Hawaii "also fitted perfectly into
the American system," so much so
that its laws are identical with the
laws of the United States, adminis
tered in similarly constituted Courts
of Justice, by judges born of Ameri
can parents and trained in American
law schools. It will also then be
found that Hawaii with its long poli
tical training, its brave and intelligent
struggle against absolutism and offi
cial corruption, and jts final triumph
in favor of constitutionalism "brought
nothing of a discordant element into
the existing Union."
But Mr. Cooley says that "I he
facts as they are presented to us are
that persons of foreign birth, resident
in the islands, took possession of the
Ltovernment and immediately started
to make a tender of the Islands to a
foreign nation," He regards the
recent changes in Hawaii ns induced
by revolutionists greedy for office, or
aiming at big sugar profits, who have
no authority to act for the people of
Hawaii. It is surprising that so in
telligent a man as Mr. Cooley should
intimate, even in the guarded manner
used by him in this nrticle, that the
white population of Hawaii termed by
him "foreigners," had not the right as
well ns the power to preserve this
country from all the terrors c.f anarchy,
and in the interest of law, Older and
good morals, to establish a govern
ment which would secure the just
and equal administiatinn of law; or
that to do this required a plebiscite
among tint poition of the native
population which was under the
direct influence of the very s.iveieign
who tried to subveit the Constitution
under which she became a sovereign.
There is much paitialnnd incorrect
statement in Mr. Cooley's article
which the limits ot this paper do not
permit one to discuss, but surely no
one knows better than he does that
relief from the anarchical tendencies
of the crown which culminated in the
attempt at a coup d'etat last January,
was not to be tound by a leisurely
calling together of Hawaiian voters,
nor was permanent relief from the
threatened dangers more reasonably
to be sought or expected than bv
applying to the United States for
annexation, or aid in some other form.
I he fact that the Provisional Gov
ernment, "was at once acknowledged
by the American Minister is dwelt
upon by Mr. Cooley as if it were not
true that it was also at once or within
a very short period acknowledged bv
all other foreign representatives.
Whether a treaty for annexation
is shortly to be made, or a treaty
securing American supiemacy in Ha
waii and aiding the Provisional Gov
ernment to assume gradually a more
representative foim, leaving the ques
tion of annexation for the future to
decide, is not a matter of vital con
cern to Hawaii; but it is a matter of
the gravest concern to the United
States, to allow no incorrect or half
statements, and no unappreciative or
ill-infoimed conclusions based on
such false hypothesis, to deter it
from discharging its full moral ob
ligations towauls the people of the
Hawaiian Islands. If forty-eight
millions of dollars could be devoted
from the United States Treasury to
the object ot promoting American
interests in Hawaii by means of the
treaty of Reciprocity of 1870, which
in 1887 was extended for a further
term, wi h full knowledge of its
financial results, does anyone believe
that those interests will be sacrificed
forever by a refusal on the part of
the United States to secure for itself
in-some way a peimanent supremacy?
What is wished by every right
minded person, and all that is wished,
is honest and stable government.
No intelligent man denies that we
now have an honest, upright admin
istration. Neither non-resident cap
italists nor resident corruntionists
have longer the control of the des
tinies of Hawaii. To make such
government permanent and stable
may largely depend on Mr. Cleveland
and his councillors. I have yet to
doubt that such results will be se
cured by the course which he will
ultimately take, even if Judge Cool
ey has discovered, "obstacles to Ha
Alfred S. Hartwki.i..
The Star was the only afternoon
paper yesteiday which gave a complete
or adequate acc jiiM of the Nicaraguan
seizure. As this was supplanted by all
important foreign telegrams in extenso
and the minor ones in a condensed
form, the Hawaiian reading public had
abundant cause to be satisfied. In the
future, with the eight-page facilities
which this journal propnsts to stcure
about September 1st, the telegraphic
department of the paper will be still
further enlarged and impr. ved.
Larry Dee had so much business on
hand yesterday morning that he nearly
lost his passage on the Australia. He
was the last nun to go up the gang
plank. Miss Grace Allison, a young lady
tourist fioin California, who has been
spending seveial weeks in visiting the
Islands, will go home on the Mary
Trusts and Combinations
Are unpopular. Hut there is one form of trust
against which no one has anything to say
That is the trust which the public reposes 111
Hood's Sarsaparilla, and the best of il is the
trust is fully justified, by the merit of the medi
cine. For, remember, HOOD'S Sarsaparilla
Hood's Pills are purely vegetable, and
do not purge, pain or gripe, hold by all
Metropolitan Meat Co.
81 KING STREET,
G. J. WALLER, - Manager,
DURING DR. MONSARRAT'S absence
on Hawaii, Dr. II. Schneider will have
charge of his Infirmary.
Telenhones Mutual 181. Hell oG.
Orders left at the Club Stables will receive
prompt attention. 9 w
In accordance willi Section I of Chapter
XXVI of the Laws of 1S86, all persons hold-
inq water privileges or those paying water
rates are hereby notilicd that llie water rates
fur the term ending December 31, 1893, will
he due and payable al the office of the Hono
lulu Water Works, on the 1st day of July,
1 8g J.
All such rates remaining unpaid for fifteen
days after they are due, will he subject to an
additional 10 per cent.
Hates are payable at the olfice of the Water
Works, in the Kapuaina liuilding.
All amounts over ten dollars, payable in
United Stales gold coin.
Supt. Honolulu WalerWorks.
Honolulu, June iG, iSqj. 74 mi
SALR OF LEASE OH GOVERNMENT
LANDS IN KIPAHULU, HANA, MAUI.
On Thursday, July 20, I S93, at 12 o'clock
noon, al the front entrance nf Aliio'ani Hale,
will be sold at public auction the lease of Gov
ernment remnants in Kipahulu, Hana, Maui,
containing an area of 155 93-100 acres, a little
more or less.
Term : Lease for j years, to commence
from the I si of November, 1893. Upset
price, $168 per annum, payable semi-annually
J. A. KING,
M ni-tcr of the Interior.
Interior Office. June 21, 1893. 7431
Holders of Water Privileges, or those pay
ing Water Rates, are hereby notified that the
hours for using water for irrigation purposes,
are from 0 to 8 o'clock A.M., and 4 to 6
o'clock p.m., until further notice.
- ANDREW HROWN,
Supt. Honolulu Water Works.
J. A. KlNii,
Mini-U-r ol the Interior.
Honolulu, 11. I., April 1st, 1893.
Fourth of July !
ALL PARTIES WISHING TO MAKE
Entries in the Hoat, Yacht and Swim
ming Races to be held on July 4th, will please
communicate with J. Y. JONES, 1'. U. llox
310. IVr Uriler.
74 iw COMMITTEE ON SPORTS.
Fourth of July !
Parade of the "Antiques
A LL PERSONS WHO WILL JOIN
XX in the Parade of the "Antiques and
Horribles," are tequested to communicate at
once with C H. Itipley, '. O. Box 23.
Every one'is'invited to assist in this feature
ol the Pourth ol Jul) Celebration.
Prizes will be given fir the best characters
Per Older of
74 iw COMMITTEE.
QOMEWHERE between Egan & Gunn's
vj and Irwin a; to. s possibly at wharl
A Small Black Purse containing about
$55.00. pinder will be liberally rewarded by
leaving same with
73 2t W. R. CASTLE,
me in full
MORGAN will Act iok
full power of Attorney, during my
absence trom the Hawaiian islands.
73 iw L. 'II. DEE
ALL PERSONS ARE IIEREHY FOR
bidden to drive Cattle or Horses, on or
over any of the Lands belonging to
Kanooho & Kailua Ranch,
or to Shi'Ot or otherwise Trespass on any
ol said Lands without special permission Ironi
Any person found Trespassing, will be
prosecuted according to l,iw,
JOS. P. MENDONCA,
73 2 lw '
Typewriting, Engrossing:, Draughting.
EE. M. MIST,
Is prepared to undertake any business in the
above named lines, utnee witn Mr. is. A
Jones; entrance Merchant Street, 59 tf
Bernice Paiiahi Bishop Museum.
TOURING Aii'ekavions Occasioned
J by additions to the Uuildinrr, this Mu
seum will be closed to the public after June
Ily order of the Trustees.
WM. T. HRlGHAM,
68 iw Curator.
A HORSE, (broke to saddle or carriage)
Jt. DRAKE AN I) HARNESS for Sale at
a bargain, as party is leaving for the Co si
PALACE ICE CHEAM PARLORS,
Hard Times Mean Close Prices
To House Keepers.
If you are in need of any New or Second
hand FURNITURE, RUGS, STOVES
SEWING MACHINES, Etc., call at the
I X L
Furniture & Commission House
Corner Nuuanu and King streets.
Aim at the Drake
And you are bound to hit some of the
ducks. This is precisely the same with
Cod Liver Oil.
It aims to cure Consumption,
Hits the Mark, too, and it
most effectually breaks up Colds,
Coughs, Hoarseness and all
1 hroat and Luncr troubles that
cause this disease.
It is natural logic to conclude
that if Wampole's Preparation
ok Cod Liver Oil has power
to prevent Consumption, it sure-
y ts able to cure these lesser
This vigor-making, fat pro
ducing preparation is Absolute-
y 1 asteless, in so Jar as Lod
Liver Oil is concerned. All
you notice is a delightful flavor
of Wild Cherry and Anise.
But the purest Norwegian
Cod Liver Oil is there all the
same. It is a great blood en-
richer. Best of all it is a natu
ral food that in its stomachic
effects, actually assists its own
In Pulmonary or Bronchial
troubles it is unequalled. No
one doubts the value of Cod
Liver Oil, but not every one is
able to take it.
removes the nauseous objection
and actually makes Cod Liver
KEPT IN STOCK AND SOLD HV
HOLLISTER & Co,
109 Fort Street, Honolulu.
SATURDAY, - JUNE 24,
At 3:30 p.m.
HAWAIIAN BASEBALL ASSOCI
Adults, 25 cents.: Children, 10 cents.
M. H. LOHEIDE,
Sign & Ornamental Painter
BELL TELEPHONE 157.
AH Orders Promptly Attended to
Native Fans and Island
IN GREAT VARIETY AT IHE
"Elite" Ice Cream Parlors
Hawaiian Wine Co.,
FRANK BROWN, Manager,
28 and 30 Merchant Street, Honolulu, H, I,
H. W. Schmidt & Sons
Hereby give notice that they are the
SOLE AOEN'TS OF
JOHN WIELANI) BREWING COM
PANY'S BOTTLED HEEU,
For the Hawaiian Islands under contract dat
ed San Francisco, Feb. 25, 1890, and that
they will sue for damages any party who in
jures or tries to injure their business.
H. W. SCHMIDT & SONS.
Honolulu, June 15th, 1893. 99 iw
To whom it may concern The under
signed will not be responsible for any debts
contracted on account of the Paradise of the
Pacific, without his written order, nor will any
receipts on account of said paper be recog
nized after this date unless s gned by him.
J. J. WILLIAMS,
Per W, H. Charlock, Jr.
June 16, 1893. 69
Just landed ex "Australia" for the I X L,
a large stock of assorted
ECSr Fi"e Balloons, Torpedoes, Fire Crackers, Toys,
ICS5 Extra Colored Roman Candles, G to 12 balls.
BcST3 Extra Colored Sky Rockets, 1 to 4 lbs.
EES? Colored Fire (red, white, blue & green), in 1 lb. tins.
SS3r- Assorted Cases Fire Works, $15, $20 and $25.
American Stars and Stripes,
Bunting for decorating.
American Ji-nameled Button-hole buttons at the 1 X L.
American Silk Pocket Handkerchiefs at the I X L.
55" Island orders promptly attended to. These Goods
are new and fresh, of the best
Lowest Cash Prices tit the
EGAN & GUNN.
We Call Special Attention to the following Lines of Goods:
Ladies', Children's and Gent's Fast Black Hose, from 25 cts. a pair up.
Dent Gloves, 8-l!utton Undressed, at $1.75 a pair.
Short Gauntlet Driving Gloves, $1.75 a pair. '
Our MILLINERY STOCK is very complete. LATEST NOVELTIES direct from Parlsjjj . J
and London. Just received from Japan, a choice stock of those fine 4 'I
Embroidered Dresses, Kimoras, Silk Curtains, Table
Covers, Lamp Shades, Silk Shirts, Pajamas, Etc.
323 Cases ex Steamship " Monowai.'
6 Cases ex Steamship " Alameda."
40 Cases ex Steamship " Miowera."
58 Cases ex Steamship " Gaelic."
THEO. H. DAYIES & CO.
CHILDREN AND INFANTS'
Hats and Bonnets.
Immense Variety at
N. S. SACHS,
104 Fort Street - - Honolulu.
CHILDRENS' CAMBRIC HATS, all colors, 60 cents and upwards; Lace-trlmmed MULL
HATS, In delicate shades, from $1.75 upwards.
CHILDKENS' SILK HATS, POKES and BONNETS.
CHILDRENS1 LACE HATS and LEGHORN FLATS.
INFANTS' LACE BONNETS. Infants Muslin BONNETS from 50 cents and upwards.
SUN BONNETS In great variety at s cents and upwards.
tdT A. LAHGE AHSOKTMENT OK TE
CHILDREN'S WHITE DRESSES, neatly made at 60, 75 cents and upwards.
CHILDREN'S Silk and Cashmere COATS and WRAPS. Infants' Complete outfit.
Life Assurance Society of tlie United States
Offers Insurance on all the Popular Plans, viz.:
Ordinary Life Plan, Tontine Instalment Plan (New, Cheap
Endowment Plan, and Attractive),
Semi Tontine Plan, Joint Life Risks,
Free Tontine Plan, Partnership Insurance,
Indemnity Bond Plan (Coupon Bond Children's Endowments,
at maturity, if desired, Annuities,
Endowment Bond Plan (sgtiarantced) Term Insurance, etc., etc, etc.
It will cost you nothing to call at the office of the undersigned, and
make further inquiries. Should you conclude to insure, it will be money in
Bruce A. J. Cartwrxght,
Managers for the Hawaiian Islands EQUITABLE Life Assurance Society of U.S.
Silk and Cotton
j-XjIj ttj, tsr SIZES.
and Red, White and Blue
quality, and will be sold at the
Corner King and
this Week !!