If ' yon wnnt to
day's Nous, to-day
you can 11 ml It in
The Hawaiian Star
Is the pnper that
goes Into tlio be.l
homes of Ilonolnii
HONOLULU, H. I., THURSDAY, JULY io. t.902
REFORM AND WILCOX PACTIONS
MAKE MUTUAL. CON
CESSIONS. BOTH PARTIES AFRAID OF A
Home Rulers Pass The Morning In
Recesses Nakookoo Was Behind
With His Minutes.
"At the opening of. the convention Sec
retary Nakookoo was absent and a re
cess was taken until ho arrived, no
limit being set for time. Cigars and
pipes came out and the convention took
An understanding was arrived at last
night between the reform party lead
ers and the Wilcox faction by which
the reform party achieved a decided
victory. The amendments of the con
stitution providing for regulations of
precinct clubs, district committees and
their proper representation will be
adopted, but the present officers, with
Kalauokalanl as chairman, are to be
allowed to remain. This of course is
only pending for good faith so that the
advantage scored by the WllcoX' fac
tion is only a hollow conquest of a
.small point. The reform party carry
their point of representation for the
electorate at last defeating centraliza
tion. Later a recess until 11 was declared
giving Nakookoo time to get up his
minutes of the previous day. At 10:55
Nakookoo arrived but Kalauokalanl
announced a further recess of hirty
minutes, stating that other important
matters needed attention.
The committee on changing the con
stitution and by-laws then met separ
ately on the stage out of view of the
convention. Those present were John
Wise, Prince Cupid. BIpikane, Carlos
A. Long. Caypless. Wilcox and George
Markham sat In with the committee.
'Markham was roundly denounced by
many this morning as an attempted
disturber after the compromise had
been effected ovty night satisfactorily.
He Is eager to have the old constitu
tion kept and is generally accused of
breaking faith after joining in the
An aDOloCTV Wnn ovrutnta f
ucl6u! una muming in explanation of
ma spcecn yesterday afternoon.
The committee mis ln. a,,.l,.i v...
the admission of Makainai and the two
Kalauokalanl finally adjourned the
convention until 2 o'clock, this after
noon In order, Jie said, "to give the
ueiegates lime to reed.
George MaTkham handed "to the press
copies or ins amendments to the plat
form which have be,en Carried. They
are as follows:
"We believe that nil ...
founded on an independent basis
cuum uu ussureci rreeuom without op
pression. We believe in equal rights
and freedom for all people.
"We believe man was born with a
liKm io oo independent and that every
person is enu.il in tim ava nr i i..;
We believe that he is endowed with
l"e privileges or life, liberty, and
the right to choose that which will
contribute to his best advantage.
'We believe in protection against op
pression. We believe that we should
strive to secure equal rights for the
Te " People, and of the peo
A new plank Introduced into the
Platform and labelled 2, is as follows:
Labor in government contracts or
otherwise, either direct or indirect,
"""i ub iwiiurmeu uy citizens of the
iciniury or Hawaii.
A GOOD REPUTATION.
"The way to gain a good. reputation
lu enueavor to do what you desire
to annp.nr." 'Phot It, nanlnl.. !.- -
' -... ..i inctwcijf tim iiiuii-
ner In which Chamberlain's Cough
ivciuuuy nas gaineu its reputation as
a cure for coughs, colds, croup and
whooping coughs. Every bottle that
lias ever been put out by the manufac
turers has been fully up to the high
standard of excellent Mnimai it
People have found that it can always
ucyeiiueu upon lor tlio relief and
CUre Of thesa nllmnnta nn.l tunl It- l
pleasant, and safe to take. For sale by
an ueuiera. .uenson, smitli & Co., gen-
Fni PhnlPA tin.tn.rlnfA mlMtnAw T. T
Kerr & Co. are In the front rank. The
jraris mouei nats are certainly crea
tlons of extreme beauty.
The officers of this company
are always glad to be consulted
by those who contemplate plac
ing business in their hands.
023 Fort Stroot
COM PROM S
LILIHA STREET INSTITUTION
Purchasers Present It to the Japanese
Charity Association Palaina Place
To Be Used for Contagious Diseases.
The local hul of Japanese Immigra
tion companies has bought the build
ing known as the Japanese Hospital
and Its twelve years leasehold interest
of the lot at Llllha street from Dr. S.
Kobayashl for $5,000, and has donated
the property to the Japanese Charity
Association to be used for Its hospital
ward. The trustees of the Association
In their recent meeting decided to ac
cept the gift and considered the propo
sition to remove the present hospital
at Palama into the new place, and in
that case, to use the former exclusively
for patients suffering from contagious
As the association was former un
der the laws of the Territory and any
such important change, to be made has
to first rass the approval of the Trea
surer, It was not finally adopted at the
meeting at which the gift was accept
ed. Dr. Kabayashl who has been a prac
ticing physician here for the past ten
years, expects to leave shortly and
take up the practice of surgery In
China. To that end he has been study
ing Chinese for some time past, and It
Is said has made great advances In the
acquisition of the language.
CAPTAIN F. D. WALKER TELLS
Its Genesis From a Courtesy to an
Invalid The Idea Took With the
Japanese Jts Spread.
EDITOR STAR: Noticing an article
in your paper of Tuesday last, -anent
the Inventor of the, Jinricksha in Jap
an, "permit me to give you a clear ac
count of the Invention and Inventor.
In the latter part of the year 1SG9, I
was in business in Yokohama, and as
my knowledge of the Japanese langu
age was limited to a tep. words, I em
ployed, when necessary, the Rev. Mr.
Goble as my Interpreter. Mrs. Goble
was a confirmed invalid, and could
walk about only a little.
Happening to see in J. R. Black's
auction room an English bath'chair for
sale, I mentioned the circumstance to
Goble, telling him It would do for Mrs.
Goble, as a few coolies could pull It
along. I purchased It and presented It
to him, but the machine was so heavy
when It came to drag it up hill, a few
extra coolies had to be employed.
Mr. Goble was a bit of a carpenter
and possessed a fair share of -Ingenuity,
so he took oft the heavy leather
covered frame, and the forward wheel
with all Its attachments, and made
two shafts so that a man might get
inside them. This reduced the weight
by two-thirds, a light awning was put
then on the body, and that answered
very well. One .man was sufficient to
pull It along and two would pull It up
Shortly after he placed a front bar
to connect the shafts together.
A carpenter who had a small place
in Homoro did the work, and that was
the first "Jinriky."
The Japanese were quite taken with
the outfit and they started in with a
vengeance, and now It is not only the
national conveyance of Japan, but also
In China and India.
Mr. Goble was an American, born In
Massachusetts, employed as a Baptist
missionary original occupation, a
shoemaker. But as he seldom got a
remittance from his church in Ameri
ca he was glad to do anything to pro
cure a subsistance for himself, wife
and two daughters.
Mrs. "Goble had p. small school where
she taught Japanese children, and Mr.
Goble, with the aid of Otormo Sadu
giro, made the first translation of the
uospei or st. Matthew.
As the Japanese are claiming the in
vention of this handy little vehicle, I
write these few remarks to place cred
it where credit is due.
Ydurs very truly,
F. D. WALKER.
Honolulu, July 10.
GOING TO SETTLEMENT.
The alenmpr 1v An Mr... t..
ter-Islanrt Pnmniniv will Boll
, J ... DHU kUIUUliUlY
afternoon or evening with the meni-
ucio ui me ooaru or health who are
going to the Leper Settlement. The
steamer will land the members of the
partv at Kaulapapa.
The OrienTnl T.lfn Tnanrana
sells all modern forms of policy. En
dowment. T.lfTlltd Dnvmnn, TT .1
Sets of various styles and
prices, also extra wooden
rackets such as used by ex
perts. & POTTER CO,, LTD
ORIGIN OF TH
UNION AND HOTEL STREETS
LAND LAWS OF
REPORT TO THE INTERIOR DE
PARTMENT WHICH KILLED
LAND COMMISSIONER HERMANN
AGREES WITH BOYD.
Recommendations Which Were One
of the Causes of. Appointment of a
Specinl Commission to Visit Hawaii.
E. S Boyd, land commissioner, yes
terday received in the Washington mall
from United States Land Commission
er Dinger Hermann a letter referring
to the Hawaiian land bill of Delegate
Wilcox In the last session of Congress,
pledging hearty support to the Ideas
i put forth in Washington by Boyd and
uenuing copies ot tne report made bv
the Commissioner to the Department
of the Interior, which was In turn sent
by Secretary Hitchcock to the chair
man of the Senate committee on Pacl
iic Islands and Porto Rico, and forms
one of the principal reasons for the ap
pointment of a commission to visit Ha
waii. The letter from Hermann, com
missioner of the United States General
Land Office Is as follows:
"Hon. Edward S. Boyd, Land Com
missioner, Honolulu, Hawaii: Your
favor Is just at hand In; which you re
quest a copy of my report to the Hon
orable Secretary upon the. pending bill
In Congress In reference to the puuiic
lands of the Territory of Hawaii. I
am glad to be able to comply with your
request In this particular and what will
perhaps please you equally well I have
obtained from the document room ot
I the Senate the printed proceedings be-
iore tne committee on faclllc islands
and Poirto Rico, Including your tes
timony artd that of Mr. Haywood and
others. I also mail you several copies
of the bill all of -which I trust will
reach you In time for your use.
"I remember With much pleasure
your mission here and wish to assure
you that my Interest In the success of
all which you so energetically advoca
ted has not ceased and I shall only be
too glad at any time to aid you as fur
as I can.'
"Trusting we shall have 'the pleasure
of meeting you again, I am, with kind
"BINGEIt HERMANN, -"Commislsoner."
In his report to Sccretnry Hitchcock
Commissioner Ilermnrn who had many
conferences with Boyd, recommended
that the Wilcox bill be not enacted.
Hitchcock went over the matter with
Governor Dole and came to the same
conclusion, and the recommendation
that the bill be killed. Is In the hands
of the Senate commission that is about
to come here.
Hermann's review of the subject, af
ter consideration of the bill by sec
tions, contains the following conclu
sions as to land laws in Hawaii.
"In the consideration of this matter
we are met by very gr;at diveiBlty In
topographical features as well as by
peculiar mlneraloglcal conditions. Tne
volcanic origin of these ls'andn, ;ncir
size, and their rapid rise from the sea
level produce rugged mountaliu, deep,
narrow valleys of rich alluvial soil.
Hat, marshy lands, high mountain pas
tures, and barren lava wastes, lying
in close proximity and Indiscriminately
mingled one with the other. Such min
eraloglc conditions are practically un
known In the administration of the
public land laws within the United
States, the windward side of the moun
tains being watered by copious rain
falls, while the leeward sldss are dry
anil practically arid, I'diuartdlng irri
gation by artificial nie.uis, and gciui
uuy accomplished by costly pumping
"There are many rugged, Inaccessi
ble lands which serve as watersheds
divert the water supply to other
lands, and it is believed that the for
ests ot the islands have such a strong
definite Influence on the water sjpply
as to make their preservation essen-
tlally necessary. These condition!
make possible, In fact demand, a great
er variety of agricultural crops than
have heretofore been encouraged and
fostered under our homestead laws.
Runglng as Hawaiian products do,
from native plants, sugar and coffeo,
to the ordinary cereals, their produc
tion calls for methods of cultivation
not well known and appreciated In this
"All of these conditions preaont fea
tures which have not heretofore been
dealt .with by this office, and render It
Impossible for me to make any Intelli
gent recommendation, and, for le.icons
heretofore suggested, It is believed that
a careful investigation should be made
:nto the conditions existing in the Isl
ands before any proper and sulllclent
legislation can be enacted.
"I will say, however, that the expe
riences of the past assures us that, if
possible, It would be well to dispose of
the Hawaiian public lands, agricultur
al In character, under some system of
homestead or kindred laws for tlu
benefit of actual settlers who are bonu
fide home seekers; and It local eondl
'tlons permit such legislation, I am of
the opinion that this obpect can be
best accomplished and the monopoliz
ing of the lands be morfe surely pre
vented by a simple enactment extend
ing the provisions of the homestead
luws of tho United States to those
lands, with such limitations and prov
isions as may be deemed absolutely
necessary to meet existing conditions;
but what these limitations and provis
ions should be this ofllco is unable to
suggest, and for this reason bollovos
that a competent commission, either
of one or more experts, should make a
Held examination and by personal ob
servation and consideration In Hawaii
mako such report as will indicate what
special limitations, classification, or
provisions should be considered by
Congress with a view to appropriate
legislation for the disposition or re-
(Coiulnued on page five)
OVERTURES HAVE BEEN MADE
TO PACIFIC CABLE
TO INCLUDE NEW GUANO ISLAND
Expedition To Sail This Afternoon In
The Schooner Julia K. Whalen Will
Combine Science nlid Business.
K If everything goes well this after
'noon the schooner Julia E. Whalen will
feast her lines looso and by 6 O'clock
tonight she bo under way for her long
trip to Marcus Island. The "King of
Marcus Island," Captain A. A. Kose
lilll, will be in command of the expe
dition which will be quite an Interest
ing one In the history of voyages to
It Is understood that efforts are be
ing made by the backers of the Mar
cus Island enterprise to Induce the
Pacific Guano Company to carry its
line to Marcus Island, adding a new
cable station to the proposed route. In
fact, it was stated that a special rep
resentative of the cable company
would arrive yesterday on the S. S.
Sonoma from San Francisco for the ex-
.press purpose of accompanying the
Marcus Island expedition in' order to
take soundings and study the propos
So far as is now known, no such in
dividual put in an appearance. S. S.
Dickinson, the representative of the
Pacific Cable Company states that so
far as he is aware, there is no such
intention on the part of his company
to Include Murcus Island in its cable
route. In fact, he states that had such
representative been sent to Honolulu,
he would certainly have been notified
of the fact, and as he was not notified
of such special emissary being sent, he
Is positive that the company has no In
tention on certainly nt the present
time, to extend the route to Marcus
It has been pointed out that Marcus
Island, which is situated about 2.S00
miles due west of Honolulu, lies with
in a comparatively short distance of
the proposed route cable which Is to
go ftom Honolulu to the Midway Isl
ands, thence south to Guam and down
to Mnntfa. Marcus Island could easily
be added to the route without any ex
tra est. The addition of Marcus Isl
and would mean, however, the expense
of maintaining a cable station on that
island, and It Is doubtful If the com
pany will consider this expense and
trouble worth the while.
W. C. Peacock, the principal backer
of the Marcus Island Company, de
clined to discuss the plans and hbpes
of his company In the matter of this
cable station site, but said that with
in the course of three or four days the
matter mlgnt be In better shape for
Captain Rosehlll has been very busy
today shipping his crew and clearing
his vessel. The galley, the construc
tion of which delayed the vessel yes
terday, has been put on the vessel and
everything Is now In ship-shape, ready
for the voyage. Captain Rosehlll will
take white mate, several white sailors,
several Mexicans, one Italian, a color
ed man, and two Japanese ns members
of his crew. He also proposed to take
his young son along ns a mascot.
In addition to the ship's crew, there
will bo W. A. Bryan, the Taxidermist of
Bishop Museum, and T. F. Sedgwick,
who goes as cliemlst of the new com
pany. Bryan is being sent out by the
Bishop Museum and much lntere t is
attached to the expedition on account
of his presence. Ho will make a study
of all the fauna of Marcus Island. So
far as Is known, lie will be the first
scientist to visit that Island as no ex
plorations have ever been made of the
The present trin of the Julia E.
Whalen Is largely preliminary. Captain
Rosehljl goes armed with credentials
from the States Department of the
united States, which show that he has
been granted title to the land bv Am
erica. He also has lettersfrom Mlki
balto, the local Japanese consul, noti
fying the Japanese squatters who are
thought to be on the island, that Cap
tain Rosehlll has the right to tho. place.
If a landing can bo effected on Mar
cus Island and no trouble Is offered by
the Japanese, who are thought to still
be living on the island. Captain Rose
hill and Mr. Sedgwick will explore the
place and secure samples of the phos
phates and guano deposits which are
believed to exists In large quantities on
the Island. In fact, the company back
ing the expedition plans to outfit a
larger expedition on the return of the
Julia E. Whalen, and bring the guano
from Marcus Island. Captain Rose
hlll expects to make tho round trip
In about three months.
Should the Japanese 'squatters make
trouble and prevent the expedition
from landing, however. Captain Rose
hlll will try In every way to settle the
matter amicably with them and, fall
ing to accomplish this, will return
without delay to Honolulu, from where
the matter will probably be laid before
the United States government and the
assistance of a warship asked to eject
tho Japanese squatters, ns tho United
States claims sovereignty over Marcus
SELLS PENS NOW.
Joe Mni'lntT u'Htou ?,,.. ni..i...i..
that he has assumed the agency for
the "Coiikling" pen, which he declare!'
Is the "finest yot." Mariner has left
the bookselllnir trniln nmi lu n,iinr,i.
tic over his now Industry.
"SINO SWEET BIRD." """
D. G. Camarlnos rnrnlvnrl
ment of fine singing canary birds or
the Nlnnon Marin Tlmv nnn ha n,,.
chased at his establishment on Klnt
FOES OF THE LANTANA
KOEBELE SENDS SOME EGGS ON
Professor Perkins Preparing to Re
lease Some Flies From Mexico
Among the Lantana Here.
In halt a dozen sealed up jars, Pro
fessor R. C. L. Perkins has a large
quantity of lantana seeds from Mexico,
in which are supposed to bo countless
numbers of tho eggs of a fly that Is
checking the spread ot lantana In
MeXiCO. Tlin np,1a with Imn nrul
fKBS, ijamiiiere on ice on the steam
ship Sonoma. They are now thawing
out a bit and soon Professor Perkins
will release them and scatter the seed
Wherever they will do the most good.
The seed aro held for tho time being.
In order thut the professor may satis
fy himself thut there are no para
sites in them. It Is supposed that the
seeds are full of eggs of tho desired
Hy, but there may be other things as
well in the seeds and a careful watch
for destructive Insects will be made
before the welcome llles are allowed to
begin operations here. Yesterdav on
iipenlrtg one of the boxes Professor
Perkins found a parasite, which was
promptly killed. If It had
jthiere "might have been unother pest
aaaeu to tne Japanese beetle, the
blight, the cutworm and various other
insect posts, and Perkins Is exercising
great care to guard against such plll
kla. Professor Koebele was in Vera Cruz
Mexico, when lust heard from, and it
was from there that he sent the infect
ed seeds. The Mexican llles destroy
mniuna uy attacking the seeds. They
have a fancy for the lantana seeds ns
a place for eggs and they bore tiny
holes in tho little seeds and deposits
uie eggs inetein. The result is a lot
more llles and seeds that do not snront.
Whether 'he lantana lly will thrive
nere or not remains to be seen, but it
is the opinion of the entomologists that
me conuiuons so nearly resemble those
of Mexico that thev Will cot alonir nil
right. They were sent from Mexico to
the California State Quarantine ofllcer
ami oy mm given In chnrge of tho
butcher of the Sonoma, who carefully
stowed them away on the refrigerator.
They are supposed to have withstood
the cold all right and to be ready to
ueveiuji into neairny nies.
LITTLE MAY BUTT IN
THE VACANCY IN THE FIRST CIR'
Bar Association Special Meeting to
Discuss Recommendations Is Called
For July 1).
The Bar Association special meeting
ii me purpuse or considering the re-
uuiiimenuaiion or a successor to Judge
Humphreys has been called for Satur
day morning. July 19, at eleven o'clock.
It will be held In the hall over the olll-
ees or uastie and Cooke.
One report has it that Judge Little,
of the Fourth Circuit court, may try
to get the position vacated bv Humnh-
reys. Little is said to be anxious to
move to the first circuit court, where
most of the legal business of the Isl
ands is done. Though the salary Is the
same, it would be in the nature of a
promotion to leave the fourth clr
cult for tho first.
The names of De Bolt, Peters and
Dickey are the only other ones men
tioned locally In connection with the
ofllpe. Peters has announced his can
didacy and says that he is going to
do his best to get the nppointment. De
Bolt says he Is waiting for the oince
to seek tho man, and Dickey has
friends nnd relatives on the Mainland
who, It Is said, will materially aid his
The Bar Association Is not unlikely
to recommend more than one candi
date. It Is the Idea of some of the
members to name the three candidates
as all of them men lit for the position
and satisfactory to the members of
GOING TO MAUI.
Governor Dole and Land Commis
sioner Boyd will leave next week for
Maul, to Investigate some proposed
land openings on that Island. It Is pro
posed to open about 1,000 acres to
homesteaders and the trip was decided
upon In today's council meeting. The
Governor and tho Land Commissioner
will return at the end of the week.
SPECIAL SALE OF SILKS.
L. B, Kerr & Co., Ltd.. will have on
show on Monday a grand line of Japa.
nesg washing Pineapple and Taffetta
Silks. Newest shades, marked from iO
cents a yard.
Advrtlse your wants in tho Star.
Made from pure
cream of tartar.
Safeguards the food
Alum batdnjj powdf re are the greatest
menace rs to health of the present day.
. OYU DAKIHO POwOtn CO., HEW VOWU
ONE REASON FOR REPUBLICAN
Committee, Will Disavow Sentiments In
Favor of Further Restrictions of the
f hl. remarka of Governor Dole In
Washington, before a Congressional
committee, that suffrage In Hnwall
should be "further restricted" than ns
to Asiatics, is said to bo responsible for
some of the resignations from thT Re
publican Territorial Central commit
tee and members are casting about for
a means of disavowing such sentiments
even though they were expressed by tho
Governor. W. J. Coelho is the latest
man to resign. At the ast meeting hu
is said to have had a resolution roast
ing Dole up his sleeve, but he did not
The disfranchisement of the native
Is to be a Home Rule bugaboo fur the
oumpalgn. It Is regarded by many us
the Home Rulers' best war cry. that
the Republicans want to disfranchise
the Hawallnns, nnd the Republlcn com
mittee will take borne means of coming
out plainly against such a policy. A
resolution to his effect was passed
some time ago and sent to Washington,
but the subject has come up again now
and new action will probably be taken.
John C. Lane, vice-chairman of tho
committee, stated this morning that
he had not decided yet whether he
would remain on the committee, he will
decide. what to do, and the result of his
deliberations may be a letter to the
committee. In which he will take a de
cided stand on the suffrage question
and may withdraw his resignation.
Lane said tills morning that the suf-
iniBB inuiier was one wnicn tne itcpuo
Ucans ouuht to consider nt mice, "ft
Is easy to see already," he said, "that
the Hume Rule cumpaign cry Is going
to be. that we hre trying to tuke tho
ballot away from the Hawallans.
Though the Governor may have made
the remark attributed to him, the purty
is not ip favor of any such policy, and
It Is the duty of the committee to come
out strongly on the subject. Wilcox
Is already using the proposition as a.
vote-catching Idea, and we are sure
to have to meet it all through th cam
paign. It is enough to defeat the party
If not properly met at once. The Re
publicans aro not In favor of restricting
the franchise and should emphatically
suy so without delay."
The selection of a chairman will bo
one of the matters taken up at tho
next meeting. A. G. M. Robertson, one
of the new members is talked of for tho
position. A. L. C. Atkinson has also
been mentioned. Both are recognized
as hard party, workers who are on to
the ropes. The new chairman will take
hold just as the work Is beglnnlug, unu
will have to devote considerable time
to the matter. J. P. Cooke declared In
favor of Lane, if tne latter stays on
BUENCAMINO AND THE PEN.
WASHINGTON, July 2. Senor Bu
encamlno, who has been sojourning in
this country, today called upon Presi
dent Roosevelt and requested the pen
with which he signed the Philippine
government bill, as he desired to pre
serve It and pve-ritually place it in
some public library In the Philippines.
The President already had given the
pen to Senator Lodge, but as he hap
pened to be present at the time, he pre
sented It to Senor Buencamlno. When
the latter left 'the White House lie re
marked that the Philippine bill initiat
ed self-government In the islands. He
also paid a high tribute to President
Weather Bureau, Punahou, 1 p. rn.
Wind light east to southeast: wea
Morning minimum temperature, 73;
midday maximum temperature. 86; ba
rometer. 9 a. in., 30.00 steady (correct
ed for gravity); rainfall, 24 hours end
ing, ! a. m 01; dew point 9 a. m., 5S;
humidity 0 a. m. 08 per cent.
CURTIS J. LYONS, Observer.
Honolulu people who nre going
abroad can have the Semi-Weekly Star
mailed to any address for the small
sum of twenty-five cents a month. The
Semi-Weekly Star contains all the local
news of importance, besides tho dally
Very trim oxford, with light
extension sole, fitted with rubber
heels, made of line vlcl kid and
matt kid tops,
THE PRICE IS 14.00.
Ladies' Lace Boot
Same shoe as the Queon Ox
ford only u high shoe. Just the
thing for stroot wear
THE J'ltlCE IS $4.50.
1037 FORT ST.
xml | txt