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THE HAWAIIAN STAR, TUESDAY, OCTOBEIl 7. 1902. A Summer Proposition. J, Well, now, there's the ICE QUESTION! You know you'll need ice; you know Its a necessity In hot weather. We bellevo you are anxious to get that lee which wilt Give you satisfaction, and we'd like to supply you. Order from ICE Oil KElHKffiKN.. HOFFMAN AND MAItKIIAM. (telephone JtGl Blue, rostom.ee Box COO. Celebrated JUST RECEIVED EX ALAMEDA, Craze Game Ping Pong Just Received I. W. JORDAN, 10 FORf STREET . &. IRWIN & CO., LTD.. Bib G. Lr win.. President and Manager Daro Spreckels.... First Vlee-Presldent IW. . Glffard.... Second Vice-President S3. VL. Whitney, Jr..Sec'y and Treasurer Bps. X. Ross Auditor Sugar Factors, Commission Agents AGENTS OF THE DGSiSIG STEAMSHIP COMPANY OF SAN FRANCISCO, CAL Hirose Shoten, M79 AALA STREET. Gnaw goods by every steamer. BLUE 392 P. O. BDX 885. Oahit Tailoring Company, MERCHANT TAILORS. Suits Made To Order. Cleaning, Repairing and Pressing a Specialty. Corner Deretanla and Emma Streets. 3x6 Sizes 6x9 FINEST QUALITIES RICH DESIGNS XATEST STYLES' Direct from the Factory. Kow Displayed AT HOTEL STREET STORE. 78 HOTEL STREET. PHONE MAIN 197. Silent Barber Shop Hotel Street HOT AND COLD BATHS. BISST BARBER SHOP EST HONOLULU. 1 6 Corsets Ml Waa nd la Star cost but 85 cents. All Run Down Whoa your vitality is low, you aro miserablo all tho titno. Your nerves aro weak and your appetite is poor. You liavo no ambition, and you aro languid and doprussod all tho tlino. Wliat you need is a good strong tonic, as described by Sirs. II. Austin, of Wellington, New Zealand, Suo sends her photograph and Bays: " I was so weak nnd tired all tho tlmo that I could not sleep nt nlg'.it. Or, It I did sleep, I was as tired In tho morning as when I went to bed. I was all run down. I then tried Ayer's Sarsaparllla. Aftrr taking two bottles I found myself greatly improved, and soon I was com pletely restored to health. I think it is a great family jucdielnc." Sarsapanl Thero aro many imitation " Sarsaparlllas." Bo sure you got Ayer's. You will lmprovo faster by using Ayer's Pills with tlio Sarsaparilia. Take just enough each night to have ono good, freo movement of tho bowels tho day following. Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co.. Lowell, Mass., U.S.A. EFORE UYING LUMBER, DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, GLASS, PAINTS, WALL PAPER, OILS OR COAL, SEE M IULR 156 HOTEL STREET, Has just received a New Line of Papeterles and Tablets, In dainty tints and odd shapes, which have been MARKED DOWN from 25 to 33 BELOW THE REGULAR PRICE. 35c. and EOc. Papeterles, now 25c. and 35c. 40c. Tablets now 23c. 25c. Tablets now 15c. and 20c. NEW BOOKS y BY EVERY LOCAL STEAMER. c E Not a natural condition of the scalp. The itching, the irritation, the white flakes .n the clothes, the rapid loss of hair each indicate the disorder and Its end baldness. No matter what caused you dandruff, how long you hare had It, or how severe It Is. Pacheco'a Dandruff Killer is a posi tive cure. Tested on supposed hope less or stubborn cases, which for years liad refused to yield to any treatment, this remedy has cured. For sale by all druggists and at the Union B.-ber Shop. Tel. Main 232. SERVANTS IN LONDON. Foreign men aro supplanting servant girls In London to a noticeable extent. Competent natlv female help is grow ing scarce, and the foreigners see in the innovation a fresh chance of escap ing proscription at home. B BISHOP WRITES OF PRIMARY ERUPTIVE FORCE OF VOLCANOES NOT STEAM, BUT OCCLUDED CASES. (From Nature, Sept. 4, 1902.) The recent destructive eruption In Martinique has revived Interest In the question of the causes of volcanic ac tion. Only lately have I become sensi ble of the peculiar value or some ob servations of my own as evidence of the primary force which impels the as cent of lava from its Interior habitat, us distinguished from the explosive violence caused by steam generated by tlie encounter of the ascending lava with ocean and other surface waters. I have long believed the primary force to reside In the expansion of the gases originally occluded In the mag ma, ever since its first condensation from the nebula. Whenever released from solidifying pressure by disturb ances of the superincumbent crust, the Intensely hot magma bursts Into a vis cid foam and pushes upwards. In a quiet volcano like our Kllauea, meet ing no water to generate explosive steam, the lava wells up continuously and steadily In a comparatively gentle fountain, which displays effervescence only on the surface. In support of this opinion I beg to offer positive evidence contained In cer tain facts observed by myself In Kl lauea during April S-14, 181)2, unrt on August 28, 1891. The volcano had been In very steady nnd uniform action for nearly two years before the earlier date, and so continued until a short time after the latter date, or nearly live years In all of a quiet, continuous and rather copious welling up of lava, wholly unattended by any explosive ac tion. On" the earlier date I carefully ob served the then existing lava-lake dur ing six successive days. This lake oc cupied the center of the inner crater, called Hulemaumau, or Fern-hut. The main crater called Kllauea Is nine miles in circumference, averaging 400 feet In depth, and rather unevenly llooretf with recent lava. South-west of the center Is the Inner pit of Halemau mau. This pit was at that time nearly circular and 2400 feet In diameter, with vertical sides averaging 150 feet down to the talus. Before the welling up of lava began in 1SU0, the pit had been about 700 feet deep. In two years the lava had risen 4U0 feet, and stood with in 300 feet of the rim and main iloor. A lake of liquid lava, covered by a thin, spongy lllin, occupied the center of the pit. This lake was nearly cir cular, averaging S50 feet in diameter. It was bordered by a low dyke, which partially restrained Its frequent over Hows. Outside of the dyke, freshly congealed lava sloped away to the ta lus. By day the crust-film was giey to the eye, but by night a deep red. It was traversed by numerous fissures of while fire. During the whole time three fountains of lava were welling up with somewhat regular lntermittence, and three smaller ones at Irregular in tervals. There was no explosive action whatever. Tlte largest fountain was about 120 feet south-east of the center of the lake. It played with great regularity about three times In a minute,-rising in a round billow 25 feet high and 50 feet in diameter, bursting at the top and falling back to level, its discharge moving in u broad stream from its summit rose to 40 or 50 feet above the level. West of this central fountain were two others of very different character, being more spasmodic In activity, but never long quiet. Occasionally they would unite their forces for half an hour at a time, forming a stationary line of 130 feet of spraying billow much like a surf-comber with Hying spray. This stationary, surf-wave was 15 feet high, incessantly flinging Its spray 10 feet higher along Us whole length. In the night, the effect of these fountains was extremely brilliant and was at tended by loud metallic crashing. The other three fountains were small er, near the borders of the lake, and often quiet for hours together. During the thirty months' Interval between my two visits, the gradual elevation of the flre-lake continued quite uniformly, as attested by occa sional photographs. By Its frequent overllows It had built itself up to a height of fully 50 feet above the previ ous main floor of Kllauea, so that It formed an extremely low truncated cone, surmounted by the level lake, to the edge of which visitors dally ap proached. About March, 1894, a recession began, which ended In a final collapse of activ ity. The lake soon sank some hun dreds of feet, carrying with It the sides of a circular pit, about 1400 feet In dia meter, and central to the original 2400 foot pit. When I saw it In the follow ing September, the flre-lake was not less than 500 feet below the rim. Dur ing the evening, masses of rock fre quently crashed In, driving heavy sur ges of Are far up the talus. There was a good deal of steam-cloud slowly ris ing, charged with sulphur. During my previous visit, all vapour had seemed to be absent, and I made the circuit of the pit without encountering sulphur. Subsequent photographs had also In dicated the absence of vapour from the lnj'e. 1 now have to add an Important ob servation. To my great surprise, at this last visit, I perceived that the three fountains above described were In full activity and In the same rela tive position as before, although during the thirty months the level of the lake had risen 350 feet and had then fallen S00 feet. By what system of supply ducts such fountains had been so long maintained was a mystery concealed In tho fire-depths, But tho fact of a marvellous steadiness and uniformity of action was obvious. For a long per iod a uniform and gentle outpour of effervescence had been maintained, It had persisted for two years and a half, throughout all the Immense changes. I submit as the unavoidable conclu sion that the source of supply for this five years' outpour of gently efferves cing lava was in an Interior magma which itself contained the Impelling force In its own originally occluded gases. For Us activity this source was wholly Independent of any encounter with water to generate Bteam. Ex panding steam evidently had no part in that steady, quiet, persistent activ ity In the flre-lake of Kllauea. I would add that the exceptionally quiet and uniform activity of Kllauea seems to render It one of the most Im portant of all volcanoes for study. I regret to say that since the collapse nearly eight years ago no Java has ap- VOLCANOES THE TYPEWRITER IS NOTJOjMODERR RAPID RUN INTO FAVOR OF THE INGENIOUS LITTLE TIME-SAVING MACHINE. To show how comparatively new a convenience is the typewriter, In spite of its now almost unlversui ute, the first person to do practical nork with such a machine has been taking the current census ns "chief statistics for manufacturers. S. N. D. North, who was an editor In Utlca, N. Y in 1872 says: "I have often wished that I had kept that original machine, for It would have Illustrated better than any other mechanism with which I am familiar the marvelous rapidity with which Am erican Ingenuity advances to 'the point of perfection any labor-saving Instru ment, the underlying principle of which has been worked out. This machine was heavy and cumbersome in com parison with the delicate mechanism of today, but the principle of construc tion was essentlaily the same, except that the carriage, instead of being re stored to position by the hand at the end of each line as now, was brought back by means of a foot pedal, and it came with a Jar 'that made the machine tremble In every part. My machine did neither uniform nor elegant work, but after a week or two I was enabled to accomplish all my editorial work on It, and I began to realize what tin un speakable boon to all weak-eyed per sons lay here In embryo." The llrst American typewriter pa tent was Issued In 1829 to William Aus tin Burt of Detroit, Mich., who was ul so the Inventor of the solar compass. Ho called his writing machine a "ty pographer." Like several which fol lowed It, this form was too slow for practical results. About 1S17 A Ely Beach of New York patented all the essential features of the modern type writer. Three Milwaukee men C. La tham Sholes, -Samuel W. Soule and Carlos Glidden did much to make typewriting practicable. They worked out the machine which furnishes the basis for the most generally used com mercial product of today. At lint the typewriter was received by the public with suspicion. It seem ed subversive of existing conditions. A court gave the first public recogni tion to the merits of 'the machine, be cause a court reporter found It conve nient for making duplicate minutes of J me proceeaings. inese came unuer iho attention of the Judges, and It waj not long before they expressed a pref erence for typewritten papers. Tho lawyers next found the use of type writers a great h3lp In the business of fices, and the large commercial con cerns, always ready to adopt time saving devices when assured that they are such, began to use machines In their correspondence. The letters sen; out of them resulted In a wide adver tisement of the typewriter, which soon then came Into general use. It was not until 1897 that diplomatic commu nications general'.' could be written with a machine, though the American Department of State set the example of using the typewriter In Its domestic correspondence as earlv as 1895. Even now all highly ceremonious letters and addresses have to be done by hand with pen and Ink. New York ranks llrst and Chicago second In the number of typewriter manufacturing establishments. In the whole country this Industry now turns out a product valued at more than $6, 000,000 a year, and gives employment to C000 people. THE FISHERY CASES. Unusual State of Affairs In Connection With Circuit Judges. The calling of Circuit Judges de Bolt nnd Robinson to the Supreme bench to hear the fishery rights cases will result In an unusual state of affairs If the 70 odd cases awaiting trial should come up for hearings lefore them as circuit Judges. The circuit judges will be sup posed to take the law from the Su preme Court, which will settle 'the law for all the cases. In the two cases now being heard. Under the rule that a Judge may not sit In a matter on which ho has rendered a judgment, they would be disqualified, but as any circuit judge would have to follow the higher court, the disqualification, It Is said, will not exist. The circuit judges will therefore simply have to follow In the lower court their own decisions as substitute Supreme Justices; and the judges of all the other circuits will have to take the same line of rulings. Judge Robinson was substituted for Gear yesterday af ternoon, when Gear announced during the argument that he thought the court was Illegally constituted, and would withdraw. Gear was one of those who appeared before the Senate commission and objected to the system of calling substitutes to the Supreme bench. W.V.V.V.V.V.V.V.V.VV.V peared In the crater, except a small I quantity last June, which has again igone out of sight. I Having seen no European notice of the fact, I would report that twelve days after the Martinique eruption very vivid afterglows appeared here, about as bright as those seen here af ter the first two weeks of the Kraka toa glows in September, 1883. They have not yet wholly disappeared. The solar corona, or "Bishop's Ring," Is I still conspicuous. It Is worth stating that the Krakatoa glows reached Ho nolulu In ten days, coming twice the distance of the Martinique glows in twelve days. S. E. BISHOP. Honolulu, July 31. A LESSON. Magistrate Now, H'l let you off this time, but It should be a lesson for you not to be In bad company again. Pris oner Qee whizz! It ain't my fault that jl 'here; the cops made me come. Phil adelphia Record. NOTICE Notice Is hereby given to all persons having horses In the pasture known as the Palama pasture mauka of Kame hameha school, that unless the pastu rage on same Is paid within 15 days from date they will be Bold at auction. ANTONE COSTA. Dated September 30, 1902. LOST. Draft No. 462 for $232.17 in favor of Mrs. Emma Hall, drawn by Loulsson Bros, on M. S. Grlnbaum & Co., Ltd., has been lost, and payment of same has been stopped. . " aV aV aV V aV V , .V V laV.V Within a V W. . o: :?.: ?! mm o.".:. . : ' V Sometimes It is hard to get dollars and after you have them you want them to go as far as they will. Wo want to help you scheme to get the greatest value for what you spend. Our plan Insures satisfaction In the buying You can get cash worth here In ex change for your money. Try It on. HARDWARE, SPORTING GOODS, BICYCLES, S. W. P. Or any of the various lines we handle. L 0. HALL 'a,'. Ot.t I Denman Creamery Butter Telephones : 22, 24, 92 H. MAY THE POPULAR GROCERY. PANAMA HATS Genuine SOLD AT LOWEST PRICES. K. ISOSHIHA KING STREET, NEXT Sayegusa 1121 NUUANU ST. AND COR. KING AND LILIHA. Importer and Dealer In JAPANESE SILK GOODS, HANDKERCHIEFS, KIMONAS, MATTING, BAMBOO WARE AND AMERICAN DRY GOODS. Wholesale Japanese Provisions Fancy Goods Received by Every Steamer and Island Orders Promptly At tended to. TELEPHONES WHITE 3271 and BLUE 1561. Arrived on SILK AND COTTON KIMONAS, SCREENS OF ALL KINDS, SMOKING JACKETS, FANCY JAPANESE GLOVE AND HAND KERCHIEF BOXES, TRAYS; JEWELRY BOXES, ETC. ROBINSON BLOCK. PHONE WHITE 2421, 14 HOTEL STREET. A Feast of New Books New stories by well known authors Just received. Olympian Nights Bangs Tho Vultures H.S. Merriman Out of the West Elizabeth Hlgglns The Fortunes of Oliver Horn F. Hopklnson Smith The One Before Barry Pain The Maid at Arms R. W. Chambers The Ship of Dreams , Louise Forsslund Ransom's Folly Richard Harding Davis Captain Macklln Richard Harding Davis A Pasteboard Crown...... , Clara Morris The Shadow of the Rope Hornung All for sale by Hawaiian News Co., Xyiixiiteci Merchant Street Star Want ada pay at nce. Reach !? Statf Va .. ..? .v.: :: v.-v. .o & SON, LTD From the pasture to the churn and throughout the whole process of mak- lng, only the most approved methods are employed and every precaution 13 taken to ensure and maintain without variation the highest possible quality In Denman Creamery Butter. It Is tho finest butter in the Honolulu market today. New stock received by the Ventura. & CO., Ltd Boston Block, Fort St. Article CALL AND SEE OUR STOCK AT TO CASTLE & COOKE. P. O. BOX 88S. " Doric " Shoten. Want ads lr Star cost but 26 oenU.