Newspaper Page Text
THH HAWAIIAN STAR, THtntSDUX. (FEBRUARY 11, ' 1904. A 5 ummer Proposition. "Weil, now. there's' the ICE QUESTION 1 ' Xata know you'll need Jce; you know to m. necessity in hot -weather. We fes&eve you are anxious to get that Ice will give you satisfaction, anil wet Itfce to supply you. Order from 911 ICE X DHIHC CO., M9&ne 3151 Blue, Postofflce Box 606. I G. IRWIN & CO., LTD.. IWm.3. Irwin.. President and Manager Clmsat Sprockets.... First Vice-President ffr.M. Olffard... Second Vice-President E.1C Whitney Jr..Sec'y and Treasurer Owx. . Ross Auditor Impure Blood Impuro blood will always niako' you sick. You suffer from hoadacho, groat doprossiou, iudigostion, slooplossness, n bad skin, oxtroruo exhaustion, and you can hardly drag yoursolf about. IWtel FACTORS, COMMISSION AGENTS AGENTS FOR THE IBwarote Steamship Company of San Francisco Cal. AGENTS FOR THE eottfsk Union National Insurance Owapany of Edinburgh. ?!9aftadaa of Magdeburg General In- mtrxnee ConiDa y. AlUtoace Marine and General Assurance Q., Ltd., of London. Rasxl Insurance Company of Liver- Bd&noe Assurance Company of Lon- Rocfiwfcer 2rman'Insurance Company. union 'acme Hailroad SUGGESTS S&peetiL and Coinfort Thm-: .trinnM aany tRrough car flrs a&i reound class to all points. Re tnr.ni rates take effect soon. Writ '-S. E. Booth, XT' .General Agent Sf. 1 Montgomery Street, San Francisco. THE iw Qverlanc LIMITED SAN FRANCISCO TO JCHICAGO IN Less Than 3 Days AND NKW YORK 3 Days 19 Hours AN EVERY DAY TRAIN Ba&, Barber, Buffet, Library, Electric Lights, Reading Lamps, litis very Berth, Observation Car Tfeiugriione Service, 5uthern Pacific b. o. Mccormick I. ffeesenger Traffic Manager T. H. GOODMAN, ' t'Seaeral Passenger Agent. HAS? SttANCISCO. CALIFORNIA, nTIHT & CO., LTD I T&e Elite Ice Cream Parlors. GEsscolates and Confections 1 Has Cream and "Water Ices ra&Jcery Lunch. if mm mi m i m 1ILTO AHD LAND CD'S CIiVlEC TABLE) '. 1st, 1903. i OUTWARD. Ifta-' W&lAiie, Walalua, Kahuku and (WfartsUJons '9:15 a. in., '3:zo p. m far Etearl City, Ewa Mill and "Way etkttieBS r?:30 a. m., '3:15 a. m IlitUG . :tn., 2:15 p. m., 3:20 p. m I t:EfiP. m., 5;15 p. m., $9:30 p. m. truss ip. n. U. P TNWAHD. (Enfre Klenolulu from Kahuku, Wal Wlmifnnd Walanoe 8:36 a. m., S:31 . IK. mi. Bixtvcn Effenohilu from Ewa Mill and IBearU City 16:50 a. m., t7:46 a. w., I .! ae. im., 10:3S a, m., 2:05 p. m., I fcKJpj. ira., 6:31 p. m., 7:40 p. m, f" -nasally, r frSiKBday Excepted. 7 gSuHuUy Only, Head whit Mr. H. J. Matthews of Welling ton, New Zealand, s.iys about this. Ho also Ecnila his photograph. " I Iiavo suffered a great rtcM frnra Impuro Mood, especially from bolls on my arms and back. I felt weak all over and was greatly depressed. I began to tiso Ay:r's Sarsaparllla. After taking only a little of It I felt totter, nnd soon my troubles disappeared. 1 believe tbii medicine Is tbo best blood-purlflcr and the strongest tcnlo that any 0220 can buy." a w m k; js ta. arsaparilla Thero aro many imitation " Sarsaparillas." Bo sure you got Ajrer's. t'se Ayer's Pills every time your bowels be como constipated, or when you are bilious or bare sick beadacbe. They cure quickly. Prpred ty Dr. J. C. Aju k Co.. Uwtll. Mm., U.S A BY AUTHORITY PUBLIC LANDS NOTICE. On Friday, February 19th, 1904, at 12 o'clock noon, at the front entrance to the Judiciary Building, Honolulu, T. H., there will be offered for sale at Public Auction a License for a period of fifty (50) years, for the privilege of entering upon certain public lands on the Island of Hawaii, Territory of Ha waii, to confine, conserve, collect, Im pound, divert and sell all the Running Natural Surface Water, and power pro duced therefrom, (subject to existing vested rights of private parties in such water, and to the rights of the United States therein), upon and from all the said publje lands situated on tie Isl and of Hawaii, In the Territory of Ha waii, within the following area, to wit: Boundary. Bounded on the North by the sea, on the East by Walplo Val ley, on the South by Walplo Valley, the Puukapu-Laupahoehoe boundary until such boundary line reaches an elevation of 4,200 feet, from which point the contour line of 4.200 feet ele vation shall form the balance of the South boundary, and on the West by the Honokane-Awlnl boundary as shown by green border on the sketch plan subjoined to license, the whole of such area being hereafter called the Kohala-Hamakua Water Shed. Stated Annual Fee $500.00. Upset, 2 per cent of Gross Revenue, but in no event, after expiration of 2 years from date of license, shall the revenue received by the Government through this clause amount to less than $2500 per annum. Any bid other than on percentage of Gross Revenue will be rejected. Upon fall of the hammer the success ful bidder will signify his acceptance of the license and of all the terms thereof by his written endorsement thereon, and the payment of the first Five Hundred ($500) Dollar fee. For full particulars, in regard to conditions of said license, apply at the office of Commissioner of Public Lands Honolulu, or at the office of Sub-Agent of Public Lands, Hilo. JAS. W. PRATT, Commissioner of Public Lands. Honolulu, T. H., Jan. 23, 1904. KOREA AS THE SAIWICI MAI Continued from page one.) CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. The trustees of the Chamber of Com merce held a meeting yesterday after noon. There -was some discussion of the effect the war in the Orient might have on Hawaii, either by creating un rest among the Japanese lahorers, or by other means. A committee con sisting of F. J. Lowrey, J. A. Kennedy and J. F. Morgan was appointed to confer with the governor on his re turn, about the question of warrants, and of purchases of supplies from mer chants to be provided forby approprlat Hons !by the next legislature. Wil liam Haywood was reappointed as the Washington representative of the Chamber. Communications were re ceived from the Navy League of New York, the New York Board of Trade and Transportation and the National Business League. The report of the Hawaii Promotion Committee was read. This showed that over $11,000 provided toy the HawaUan Government has been expended, nnd thero was about $3,000 provided by the Chamber on deposit in the Bank of Ha waii. The isecretary's report was not read, but on motion of E. D. Tenney, was re ferred to a committee, for Inspection. It deals with the organization of the Fromotlon Committee, its work in en deavoring to get tourists, etc. The work will be given a thorough Inves tigation by the committee, who mnv Koreans had made great progress in the arts. They built ships two hundred feet long and covered them with plates of iron, the iron being hammered into small plates and fastened by small spikes driven into the wood. They made woven fabrics, and were very skillful in metal work, in the fashioning of jewels, and in the manufacture of pottery. They were far in advance of their Japanese neighbors, to whom they have taught the arts 6i metal-working, pottery-njaking, and silk-weaving. Three centuries ago, Japan overran the country and devastated it, trans feree! whole colonies of artisans to Japan, and broke down forever the military power of Korea. Korea has produced but little literature. Korean students have 'been largely devoted to Chinese authors. The native literature consists largely of descriptions of scenery and folk-lore. The people of Korea may be described generally as robust, amiable, industrious, pleasure-loving, and given rather to the arts of peace than to the ardors of war. They are agricultural rather than commercial. Thev are kindly and generous. They have no national religion, and never have had. Confucianism, so far as regards the worship of ances tors, the reverence for parents, and the dignity of family, 'has a stronger hold than any other form of religion. Buddhism has always had a Ian-: guishing existence among them. There is a widespread belief among the people in witches, in spirits, and in devils. There are relics of feti chism. The costumes of the men and the women do not diffed wirely from those in use thousands, of years ago. The universal costume is cotton clotlf, bleacfied and unbleached. In winter, this is padded with short staple cotton which grows in Korea and is carded into pads for the purpose of quilting the clothing of the people. Their headgear is remarkably varied in form. They have a different form or a different kind of hat for almost every station in life. All the unmarried men in Korea are called boys, and wear their hair in braids down their backs. Marriage may take place at any age from twelve upward, and when a boy is married he is a man. The women of Korea have no legal sta tus. A man may have one wife, and 'her- children are his legitimate heirs; but a Korean may have as many concubines as he may have the ability or the disposition to support. The form of government today is in name imperial. In 1897, after the close of the Chinese and Tananese War of 1894-5, the Korean king assumed the title of "Emperor." so as to enforce upon the attention of his own people the fact that he stood on the same basis as the ruler of Russia, die ruler of China, and the ruler of Japan. His power is unlim ited. He has a cabinet of ministers, which constitutes his council. The members of this cabinet are changed by the imperial will, and the im perial will changes oftener than the phases of the moon. The empire, is divided into districts and magistracies, which are governed by gover nors and magistrates appointed by the Emperor. Those officers, in their turn, are not respqnsible to any but the sovereign, and are not af fecter bv constitutional lets or hindrance of any kind. Thev have the power of life and death, and of the confiscation of property, subject only to the possible inquiry of the Emperor, whose attention may be brought to their acts by his professional spies and informers, who everywhere are passing up and down among the people. The entire government is based upon a system of squeeze, and the poor coolie is ground into the earth. He has no constitutional or legal protection. He must find his protection under the wing of some neighboring officer or nobleman of rank and power. There is not'hing to prevent any magistrate, at any time, from send ing his police runners to apprehend the person of any alleged rich man, convey him to prison, and subject him to torture even to death for the purpose of extorting a part or all of his property. The result is that the average Korean feels no incentive to thrift, and therefore he lives in a hand-to-mouth, free-and-easy-.sort of way. In abundant seasons, he ir fat, and shines with the oil of plenty; in lean seasons, he starves, and dies by the thousands. So it has come to pass that many travelers who are superficial observers have given the Korean the name of idler and loafer, which is far from being a just description. The Korean, when protected, is energetic, industrious, faithful, and reliable. He is suscep tible to kindness, and appreciates mercy and gentleness when he un derstands that they are not dictated by fear, but flow from a sense of justice. The Korean 'has a quick and ready mind. He is a good lin guist and a good mathematician,, and is a most promising subject for development when once he shall be permitted to enjoy a firm, intelli gent, and beneficient government. The position of Korea is unique. She is the youngest of tlje nations to come into diplomatic relations with the Western world. The trea ties with the United 'States and England were made in 1882; with Ger many, in 1883; with Russia and Italy, in 1884; with France, in 1886; with Austro-Hungary, in 1892. She has no well-established postal facilities or means of transportation and communication. She lias only one short railroad, while others are projected, and only a few miles of telegraph lines, and these mostly controlled by foreigners. The means of transportation of men and goods is man-back, ponyback, cow-back, by means of sedan chairs, and by two-wheeled, clumsy bull-carts. She manufactures feebly an insufficient supply of textile fabrics, of pottery, and of metal wares. She exports rice, ginseng, and fish. Korea has never recovered from the blighting ravages of the Japanese conquest of three centuries ago. At no time since then has she had an army worthy the name. She has no military class, no military aspirations, no military aptitude, no military-instruction. Her present army, nominal ly of seven thousand men, is deservedly a laughing-stock and an object of proper ridicule when it is not an object of dread. Her soldiers, poor ly equipped and badly paid, instead of being a body for protection, be come a band of desperadoes, of which the Emperor, the court, and the people are desperately afraid. The Koreans are not cowards, but they are spirit-broken, resembling in this respect the fellaheen of Egypt. Corruption and intrigue have dwarfed even such tardy .growth as has come to her since the Western powers opened a way into her ports and interior. Her salvation for the future depends upon the institution o' wise government at home and the neutralizing of ambitious projects of other nations abroad. She is designed by nature to be a buffer state. At the same time that Russia was assuring the powers that she was only temporarily occupying Port Arthur and would leave as soon as the country was pacified, she was increasing her expenditures on her army and navy in the East, and pouring out hundreds of millions in the construction of 'railroads and cities and churches and permanent barracks, and in internal development and in facilities for railroad ter minals. She has expended, in recent years, with increasing lavishness, since she obtained possession of MancliHria, more than the Boer war cost England in South Africa. She has constructed the best-equipped and best-built branches of the Siberian 'Railway in Manchuria. She is constantly increasing the numbers of her soldiers, both in Siberia and in Manchuria. She is constructing permanent buildings in the numer ous cities which arc developing along Manchurian railways. Her peo ple are constructing permanent churches, and are settling upon the farm lands and building homes thereon. All this may he "temporary," but it has the look of permanency. It lias never been explained how it was that, if the Japanese occupancy of Port Arthur was a menace to Peking and a peril to Korea, Russian occupancy of the same territory was not equally a danger and a menace. In 1897, Russia informed an uneasy world that her warships, which had just arrived at Port Arthur, were merely there to pass the winter, that being a convenient harbor for that purpose. They are there yet. Manchuria has become pacified. The time fixed for the evacuation has passed by, and Russia remains. She remains in greater force than ever; and if Russia's past history counts for anything as an aid ini(jntcrpreting'her present intentions and her future purposes, she intends to remain in 'Manchuria. ; j (Continued on page 7). x I Mill HUM Fl IK if :.; . ;;: ;: m For family use. Greatest thing for keeping the men folks from "going down to the Club" at night. Wc have 2 sizes, 34x7 feet and 4xS feet, with '1 & 21-8 in.. balls. A com plete outfit of balls, cues etc., (40 Im plements In all) Is furnished with each table. Twenty six games, Including' various forms of Pool and Billiards, also Balletto, Golf, Tenpins etc., are played on these tables nnd a 1xok of-'- -y, rules and Instructions Is furnished With ' f--' every table. 's Sold at $60.00 and $75.00 on easy terms An Ideal Home Table at a very Rea sonable Price. . E. 0. HALL & SON, LTD. - - - . - - WaW.V .. ' .".; miKii '.Km i: !.;.; ? .-a :::.'i.'m:i' i For Afternoon Teas and Other Occasions rim of fresh choice goods mads by American Large assor Biscuit Co. Wine, GlngeHtfjOtes, Ginger "Nuts, Pretzels, Fruit. Jenny LInd. High Teas, s&Wrffbot, Graham, Cracknells, Nlcnacs, SnoK flakes, Dainty-cfifpltr Saline Wafers, Extra Sodas, Water Waters, hand made Water Walters, Lemon, Vanilla, Ginger, Orange and Chocolate Wafers, Dr. Johnson's Educators, also Peek, Frean & Co.'s celebrated London Biscuits. Henry May & Co., RETAIL MAIN 22. TELEP HONES. WHOLESALE MAIN 92. Blankets! Blankets!! Special Sale of Blankets In All Sizes and Colors Y X. 1SOSHIMA, NO. SO, 8. KING STREET NEAR BETHE03 Royal Restaurant THE BEST RESTAURANT IN THE CITY Opens for Business King Street near Maunakea Next to Progress Saloon. Twenty-five cents pays for a Want ad In the Bear. A bargain. Picture Frame ffrao?0 Artistic work In Koa, Kou and other Hawaiian woods. CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER 03 Beretania street, near Maunakea. WING TAI, Dressmaking Ladles', Gentlemen's and Children's Underwear made to order. Mosquito Nets in Stock. Nuuanu Street 'Near Hotel. IT in Insert Your 4fr Wm& A&v't the l5TA. & KHSNISOH, F. C. SMITH, a. p. & t, a. ynnt to know what return in i.in. made for the big expenditures.