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TillS HAWAIIAN. SlMn, . THURSDAY, SBPTBMBER 21, 1005.
V tl s TTiuMs Ir!tiLvvkIio.xi. 1 Star, DAILY AND SEMI-WEEKLY. " Eublishcd every aftarnoon (except Sunday) by the Hawaiian Star Newspaper Association, Limited. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Local, per annum ..' $ 8.00 Foreign, M ..V.,.;; V. ig.oo Payable in advance. FRANK L. HOOGS MANAGER THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 21, 1905 A Fine Assortment of Manicure ' IV til l Cllpioi'a, Cutlole- Instruments A rare opportuut y to Beautify Your Homes IS to. I A Lesson From 8 The Antipodes .;XKK::X":HKX::HK::; service, because of his activity in lobbying for increase of pay and itlaxation of discipline in that service. There were one or two other removals at about the same time, and for similar reasons. There have been several executive orders promulgated in the past few years all designed to check the activity of organization among the employes cf the post office and other departments for the purpose of securing increased pay and other advantages and privileges. All this is indicative of a growing tendency, which has its roots in human nature, but which is very dangerous to the public welfare. Take ihe post office employes, for instance. They are so numerous, and so thoroughly distributed all over the country, that if they could be thor oughly organized and handled, they could go far toward controlling all elections. They have been so thoroughly organized and controlled in some districts as to control congressional elections, and more than one congressman who has opposed increase of salaries among postal em ployes has been punished by defeat. Not that the postal .employes are the only ones who have sought by this means to get salaries increased, but being the most numerous and the best organized branch of the public service they have gone farthest and been most successful. It can be readily seen that where the general community is divided or. party lines, and there is an clement of voters bound together by self interest, with an organization capable of throwing the vote of the .whole body this way or that, it would not take such a very large num ber of voters to practically control the election, and make the choice of congressmen virtually dependent on subserviency to this dictation. At the same time nothing could be more perilous to the public welfare. Civil service reform, too, has strengthened the possibilities for this sort of corrupt practice. While the public servant was dependent on liis party's success to retain his position, his self-interest lay in the direction of loyalty to his party, or unfortunately, what was usually the fact, loyalty to his party's machine. But when his position became as sured, no matter which party won, his vote became a direct means, if he chose to use it so, of increasing his pay or shortening his hours, or securing some other personal benefit. This is a matter which has attracted a good deal of attention from jiolitical thinkers, and it has presented a problem that is at once seri ous and menacing, and difficult to meet. It was recognized as one, almost the only, one, of the weak spots in the merit system of pub lic service. The same problem was presented in Victoria, Australia, and an electoral device was adopted which it is claimed completely met the situation. The device might not be as easily applied in America with its constitutional 'limitations, but doubtless there is in it possibilities of adaptation which would meet the situation in America, if it ever reaches a point where a remedy is' needed. The device was simply this: To set off the public employes in dis tinct constituencies, separate from the general electorate, giving them the representation their numbers would entitle them to. Thus while they were fully represented, they did.not have the power by self-interested solidarity, of controlling more representatives than their num bers would entitle them to. . The device and what gave rise to it and how it worked are thus dis cussed in an editorial in the Sydney Morning Herald: "The principle of separate representation for public servants as it is now applied in Victoria has been called in question from an unex pected quarter. At a gathering of letter-carriers in .Melbourne at which the State Premier was present, one of the speakers said that a person in the employ of the government ought to possess the same rights so far as the franchise is concerned as any other voter in the State. Taking this as the assertion of a constitutional principle it ad mits of no gainsaying. But, as most people know, special circumstan ces arose in Victoria some years since which jed Parliament to make a departure from that strict principle. It was found that the public service vote was so numerous and so well organized, especially in cer tain electorates, that it was frequently able to affect the balance of vot ing and practically secure the return of its own candidates. It was also found that this power and the will to use it were at variance with .the general policy of the community. The matter came to a head when the Kyabrani movement expressed the desire of the country to reduce'thc numerical strength of Parliament. The Ministry of the' clay introduced proposals to that effect, which Parliament was able to block. There ensued a contest between the popular demand and the will of the politicians, and when the Ministry attempted to fix the number of members of the reduced Assembly the House struck the figures out, and created the celebrated blank which brought matters to a deadlock for a time. Later on came the railway strike, which pro- ceeded to such extremes as to rally both sides of the House behind Mi. Irvine. His firmness relieved the situation. The strike was brought to a close, and he succeeded in passing a measure framed with the ob ject of securing representation in Parliament to public seravnts, when it prevented their organized vote from interposing an obstacle to the declared will of the electors, intimidating Ministers, and standing in the wav of electoral reform." I Associated Charities I sary now to go into the question of whether this is a promise, as both the professional philanthropist and the pessimistically selfish too often assert, or a mere statement of an existing material fact. for the purposes of enforcing a spiritual need. Thg facts as they were presented yesterday show that there is still a muc oi me long uow m our Claim ot being the raradise of the Pacific; or at least that we have not yet quite brought economic conditions up to our physical environment. All of which is to say that there is misfortune, weakness of body and mind, lack of courage and lack of fortitude, ignorance, sickness and accident, and untoward economic conditions here in Hawaii, and that it is the duty of all to aidthe sick, the sorrowing, the distressed and the unfortunate, and to scourge the craft and the guile that would prey either upon the miseries of the poor or the kindliness of the charitable. It is the especial business of. the Associated Charities to play the part of the policeman in two particulars: To give, as it were, "first aid to the injured," and to club the grafters and frauds and repeaters, who seek to live without work, , by imposing on the beneVQlence of the Not so very long ago President Roosevelt ordered the dismissal from the service, of the president of the organization of those em ployed in the free rural delivery The yearly meeting of the Asso ciated Charities with its reports and explanatory addresses gives its annual emphasis to the. Savior's statement that "the poor ye have always with you." It is not neces HOIIyISlBR DRUG CO,, TFr FORT STREET - - HONOLULU VAUDEVILLE AT THE "' Every Saturday Evening NOVEL STUNTS NEW SONGS GOOD MUSIC Variety of Vaudvlle Acts. Admission to Grounds and Theatre, 25 Cents. Reserved Seats, 10 Sxtra. Telephone Ma'n 301, Territorial Mes senger Service for reserved Beats. They will o left at the Zoo for you. Telephone Main 101 P. O. Box 6S3. HARRY ARMITAGEi Stoolt unci Bond I Uroltor... . Members of Honolulu Stock and Bond , Exchange. I Few shares of following stocks for sale: Pioneer Mill Co., Oahu Sugar I Co., Ewa Plantation Co., Hawaiian Sugar Co., Walalua Agricultural Co., Etc. Offlc2, Campbell Block. ...Merchant St. Honolulu, T. H. community. We have no tramps except the Indi genous kind, those developed right at homo. Those have usually been de signated by the more picturesque title ' of beach combers. But we do have pretty much all the other kinds for which the Associated Charities polled eyo has to be on the lookout. AVe have frauds and repeaters, und the profes sional almstuker, and In the past the good nature and the kindliness of the community have been very seriously Imposed on. The Associated Charities was organized at an opportune time. 1 By reducing the amount of fraudulent1 help-seeking, and preventing the over lapping of charities, it has no doubt met a crisis which would have been up on the community when the generous, irresponsible, almost unlimited giving of a few years ago, was checked by the decline in ability to give when tho, It:. uncial stress came upon the Ter'rl tcry. So that the benevolence of the community has been enabled to meet !H the real demands of worthy pover-' ty, and the distress of accident and' misfortune. This controversy between the AUver tiser and the Bulletin as to which sells the most papers to the fish market is most painful. Why cannot the two- pa pers get together and form a -waste paper hui. Thfa tip is gdven theni with out charge. , The Camara family who saw the ghost were very foolish. The average man would be delighted to see the ghost walk every night in the week. An attack on the management of the New York Life carried on for several years, resulted in forcing W. H. Beers out of the presidency of the company, and putting in John A. McCnll, previ ously State superintendent of Insur ance for New York, about twelve years What a luxury to bathe I 5 when you have all the Hot I t Water you want. I I The only way you can I J get it is to install a Rapid 1 j Bath Heater. It's always I 1 f ready day and night. H j ! Telephone Main 101 E2m?rG Classified Ads in Star. Situation Wanted First-class Japanese cook wants sit uation In family. Address, K. Frank, No. 1079 rtlver street. Employment Oflico Uemura 620 King street near Punch bowl. Bicycles repaired, clothes clean ed and dyed also employment office. Poi Snlo Building lot corner King and Kame hameha road. Palama terminus of Rapid Transl road. Aiiply at Star offlc AL PHILLIPS & CO., Wholesale Importers And Jobbers of AMERICAN AND EURQPLAH DRY GOODS Corner of 5Tort und Queen St. Contractor and Duildar House Painter CtWHlo, unerMaa Stiuet. near Klx. v' Honolulu H. L Telephone" Whit 601. Bamboo furniture AND PICTURE FRAMES. Neat and Handsome Designs made to order. 553 Beretanla Street, near Punchbowl. TELEPHONE BLUE 88L Is 10 carry m ttock complete lines of every thing deslrr.blo in OPTICA'. GOODS We entry the "SHUR ON" and know how to adjur. them. Nothing In the way nf Glasses 'or Frames too dtlll'cult for us. Fifteen Years' Ex rience gives us the right to talk. With II. V. Vichman&C6MLtd FORT STREET. ago. Now it looks, in the light of the results to the Equitable, as though the present attack on the New York LW might drive McCnll from the presiden cy. A saloon-keeper who has been noti fied not to sell liquor- to certain per sons officially known as habitual drunk ards, has asked the Treasurer for pho tographs of these individuals as a means of identifying them. He does not state in his application, however, whether ho wants the photographs tak en ofithem when living up to, their of ficial designation as habitual drunk ards or at some Interval of sobriety. l With C. R. Bishop out of the Arm of Bishop. & Co., W. C. Peacock out of tho concern of W. C. Peacock & Co., John Emmeluth out of the establishment of J. Emmeluth & Co., Honolulu Is right abreast of the spirit of the age of tho horseless carriage, the hammerless gun, the wireless telegraph, and the chaln- less bicycle. We have not quite got to the hammerless age. .,.. , , A' Missouri man Is quoted as being pleased with the Islands. Evidently he has been shown them. If things are as bad as Theodore Richards saya they are, Plnkham ought either to clean up or shut up. RUSSIA'S ATTITUDE. As-'the beaten nation Russia h.n nut forth the unheard-of pretension that peace shall be' effected only on her terms. She has revpnlpfl hpp nrAruil'iv to win a war which Bhe provoked. The prize 01 victory nnngs rar beyond her reach. Yet she refuses to make con cessions and arrogantly rejects those offered by Japan In a spirit of concili ation. To not one pblnt has she, assent ed that -was not practically settled In advance of the Portsmouth negotia tions. New York World. pi ii Pictures at a UNFRAMED Former price , Reduced price 5 to 50c. I FRAMED PICTURES. i Former price $1.00 to $10.00 I Reduced price 5c. to $3.50 1 EASELS, WHITE ENAMEL AND IMITATION OAK. $ Former price $ Reduced price Pacific Hardware C s Honolulu iron Works. STEAM ENGINES, SUGAR MILLS, BOILERS, COOLERS, IRON, BRASS AND LEAD HASTINGS. Macnlnery of Every Description Made to order. Particular attention paid to Ship'a ' lack) hino Job "Work Exe cuted on Short Notice. .ill OUEEN STREET Firewood, Stove, Steam and Blacksmith Coal WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. Special ffMion Given to DRAYING ALSO, WHITE AND BLACK SAND. TO SHIP OWNERS, SHIP CAPTAINS AND SHIP AGENTS. Until further notice we will deliver soft ballast at 40 cents per ton and hard ballast at 50 cents per ton. LORD & BELSER. Telephone Main 198. South and Kawaiahao Streets. W. G. Irwin & Go. AGENTS FOR THE Royal Insurance Co., of Liverpool, Eng. Alliance Assurance Co., of London, Eng. Scottish Union & National Ins. Co., of Edlnburg, Scotland. Fire Association of Philadelphia. Alliance Insurance Corporation Ltd. Wllhelma of Magdeburg General Ins. Company. Want ads In The StM- bring quick re sults. Three lines three times for 25 cents. in Shipping Receipt Books SOLD AT STAB OFFICE Oahu Kailway, ' Inter-Island . v n "-I 1J-'-' Wt.i. Great Reduction ! PICTURES. ioc. to $3.06 $1.5 $35 $ Soc to. $1.00 til Hlf. III' Commission MorchantSr Sugar Factsrs. AGENTS FOR 1 1 The Ewa Plantation Company. , The Walalua Agricultural Co., Lt. The ICohala Sugar Company. The Walmea Sugar Mill Company. The Fulton Iron Works, St. Louis, Mo. The Standard Oil Company. The George F. Blake Steam Pumps. Weston's Centrifugals. The New England Mutual Life Insur ance Company of Boston. The Aetna Fire Insurance Company of Hartford, Conn. The Alliance Assurance Company o2 London. COOLING DRINKS FOR THE LONG SUMMER TIME (Quarts, Pints and Splits.) Sparkling, refreshing with a dash of delicious Fruit Syrup (we have a doz en different flavors.) Better than any soda water ever concocted. 1 Gi (non-alcoholic). Unfermented apple Juice, filtered and bottled fresh from the press. LEWIS ACSiiLTD Telephone 240. 169 King Street. Sole agents A olllnarls, Apenta and Johannls Llthla Waters; THE HAWAIIAN REALTY AND MATURITY CO. Ltd. Real Estate, Mortgages, Loans and Investment Securities. Homes built on the Installment plan. Home Office: Mclntyre Building., T. H. L. K KENT WELL, General Manager. f v & Land Co S, N. Company t s" 1 APOLLINAR if- i if ' ' ..1