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The Hawaiian star. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, July 08, 1911, SECOND EDITION, SECOND SECTION, Image 9

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.Hartford Times: Climbing treoa
ior wool bids fair to become before
long tho approved method of gather
ing one of the most Important crops
in the Hawaiian islands. At the pres--ent
time, In fact, the federal govern
'nient Is making certain very interest
ing experiments with a view to devel
oping the Industry in question.
Strictly speaking, the wool is not
wool at all, but cotton. It Is a typo
known as "wool-cotton," because the
fiber Is kinky and strikingly wool
like. From most people's viewpoint,
however, the most remarkable thing
about it Js that It grows on trees,
which attain a height of something
like fifteen feet.
The notion of climbing for cotton
seems rather picturesque, but in act
ual practice the trees will be kept
cut down, to a size suitable for mak
ing picking easy. Their trunks, -n
tho courso of a few years, reach q
thickness greater than that of a
man's thigMf and their large and
heavy branches bear a profuse crop
of fluffy white bolls.
This wool-cotton comes from Aus
tralia, and it is understood to he a
cross between our own sea Island
cotton and a certain Peruvian type
which has a wood-like fiber. It Is
an interesting circumstance, -by tho
way, that all of the large quantity
of this Peruvian cotton Imported into
the United States is used by our
manufacturers in the production of
"all wool" fabrics. As for the hybrid
from Australia, It Is especially valu
able,' combining as it does the long
staple of the sea island with the
woolly texture of tho South American
parents, and possessing the addition
al advantages of heavy yield, great
ease of picking, and a higher per
cent of lint than the sea island af
fords. This, however, is only the begin
ning of tho story; for experiment
made in Hawaii have already shown
that the wool-cotton trees can be
grafted and budded just like fruit
The Onlooker
trees. Thus any vigorous trees of
tho kind can be used as stock on
which to bud tho finest varieties of
wool-cotton tho process, as nearly
everybody knows, consisting in cut
ting a bud, with a piece of bark at
tached, from a plant of the desired
strain, and inserting it in an incision
made for tho purpose In tho stock.
It Is now planned to grow seed
lings of a vigorous sort in the nur
sery, as is done with common fruits,
and, when these are two or three
years old, to bud them. Practically
every bud inserted grows. Indeed,
the expert in charge at the govern
ment station, on the Island of Oahu
says that "the day seems near nt
hand when one may purchase seed
lings of wool-cotton by the hundred
or thousand. These will be planted
out In orchards like so many fruit
trees, and a full year of cultivation
will be saved."
This, of course, is wholly a now i
discovery. But It Is not the only one
made in connection with this inter
esting investigation. The experts
have found, much to their own aston
ishment, that they can take ordinarv
cuttings of the wool cotton tree,
plant them in the ground, and grow
big trees from them. Tho cuttings
take root .immediately, put forth
leaves, and presently become thriv
ing plants, assuming at first a bushy
The importance of this is obvious
enough. Cotton ordinarily, in our
own Southern states and elsewhere..
Is grown from seed. Consequently
there is no uniformity In the plants
produced. Nobody can tell how a
seedling Is going to turn out. On
the other hand, when cuttings of ?
superior strain are planted, results
are absolutely certain, and all of tho
plants grown from therA will meet the
specifications for that strain. In a
word, this method of. planting will on
able growers to produce a certain
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The mongoose have again become a nuisance in the Kaimuki dis
trict and chicken-raisers are up in arms against the pestiferous little
ichneumon. The bloodthirsty little creatures carry off a quartcr-growir
chicken which has strayed into the brush just as easily as a tiger jumps
a stone wall with a steer in its jaws, and only the other day a report
came to hand that the throats of five tine fckin ducks had been torn
open by a mongoose while they were sleeping in their pen.
lhe mongoose is also developing into an expert cgg-stealer and
takes fresh, stale or eggs witli chicks in them with equal impartiality.
It is an mtcrestinir and instructive sight to watch a mongoose approach
a setting heft, swear at her heartily from a safe range and then spit in
her face, lhe hen can stand the swearing hut the insult of being spat
at she cannot endure. The mongoose is well aware of this fact, and
spits in order to lure her from her nest m a ht of blind rage.
As soon as the hen is off the nest the mongoose is in and as quickly
out with an egg in its mouth and another in the curl of its tail.
It nlay not be generally known that the mongoose possesses a pre
hensile tail of steel-like springiness and that it can grip this appendage
round an egg like a vice.
A ivaimuki woman who had lost a numucr ot eggs in some mys
tcrious manner determined to find out who the depredator was and
leaving half a dozen eggs on the floor of her hen-house, hid herself
where she could not be seen yet could sec everything that went on
Presently a mongoose glided in emitting its peculiar whistle whic
is so efficacious in fascinating chickens of immature growth but whic
has little effect on an egg. Approaching the eggs it took one tenderly
in its mouth and coiling its tail round another left the hen-house hold
ing its head and tail high in the air and looking for all the world like
a pair of huge spcctatcles.
Having deposited the eggs in a space between the rocks-qf a stone
wall bounding the premises it returned twice and secured the remainder
of the eggs.
The woman watched the proceedings entranced, though whether
by the operations of the mongoose or its peculiar whistling which it
kept up all the time it was in the hen-house cannot be definitely stated.
When she had seen the last two eggs disappear she seemed to come
to suddenly and when her husband returned related to him in detail
what she had seen. He. is now busy experimenting with an explosive
which will-go off on being jarred and which lie intends injecting into
some egg-shells from which the contents have been removed.
By this means he hopes to teacli the marauding mongooses in his
section a lesson which they will never forget.
Except the Dabtt, no one can mangle English like the uninstructed
but intrepid Japanese. Even educated Japs take daring liber
ties with the King's vernacular, as witness an official letter
I once got telling me that "His Exccllencv was fired from a pistol by
an individual named Koyama." Tokio signs are, or were when I last
saw them, a delight to the nsibles. Freeh Cox hgs, was the alluring
sign over a poulterer's and "Frcnsh Infections" over a candy shop.
The Trunks and Boxes served better to indicate the place where
one could renew his luggage wraps. . A
But here m Honolulu is the best example vet. It comes in the form
f an actual business card:
(Continued on page 1C.)
Mninr Herbert H. Sargent, Second
Cavalry, .the gallant soldier, gifted
writer and historian, spent Thursday
in Honolulu. Major Sargent has been
for almost two years, during this tour
of service, with his regiment in the
Philippines Division, being command
ing officer of Torrey Barracks, Mala
bang, Mindanao, and,at Camp Overton
in the same Department. Major Sar
gent, although in perfect health, has
through hard military service and ex
posure become partly deaf, which as
a cavalry line officer is thought to
Impair his usefulness. Consequently
he, Sargent appeared b6fore a retir
ing board in Manila, and was ordered
to the United States. On reaching
San Francisco, Major Sargent will re.
port to Uie adjutant General ot the
Western Division, and await the' ver
dict of the retiring board, before pro
ceeding to his home at Medford, Ore
gon. Major Sargent's world known
books are "The Campaign ot Santiago
dc Cuba," "Napolean's First Campaign"
"Tho Campaign of Marengo,1' "Grant's
Memoirs," and "Virginia Campaign oi
1G4 G5." These books passed into
their third editions and have received
the stamp of favor by tho military and
and literary critics, not only of the
United States but of Kuropo aB well.
Should retirement overtake Major
Sargent ho will then devote his entire
time to completing and publishing
several books that are now occupying
Jits spare time. Friends of Major and
Mrs. Sargent extended them a most
cordial welcomo lieVe, while the troop
ship was in port.
Among the many well known pas
sengers on board the Sheridan en
route to tho coast was Lieutenant
Colonel M. C. Martin, retired. Lieu
tenant Colonel Martin, since ho was
placed on the inactive list, has entered
Into agricultural pursuits in hemp
raising' and along general business
lines, I
Americans living in the Philippine
Islands claim Lieutenant Colonel Mar
tin as ono, of their best and most pro
gressive civilians, as he has lived In
the Philippine Archipelago most of the
time, for the past six years.
Entertainment on Sheridan.
The voyage of the U. S. A. T. Sheri
dlan frdm Nagasaki, Japan, to this port
was one of unusual interest and pleas
ure. Shortly after clearing theJapanese
port where seventeen first-class pas
sengers were taken aboard, an enter
tainment epidemic seized the first
class passengers, and the many cases
reported developed into a most :uic
cesBful and delightful concert on ship
board. Ensign Lawrence Townscnd
U. S. Navy was the conductor, and
leader, contributing greatly too. to
the charming numbers presented by
somo choice selections given upon
his violin. Charles A. Honan acted
as the painlst, and added much to
the music of the evening.
An attractive stage was improvised
on the spardeck of the transport. This
was draped and decked with flags and
lighted with red. white and blue elec
tric lights. Monday evening, July the
third was the timG set for tho enter
tulnmcnt. Chairs and' long benches
were arranged conveniently around
tho temporary concert hall to accom
modate not only the upper deck travel
ers, but soldiers, casuals and ovory
body aboard aB far as- tho limit of
tpace would admit, wero invited and
expected to bo present. No regrets
from the verbal invitations extended,
wero received. All hands wero mado
Those taking part' In the evening
Those taking part In tho evenings
entertainment wore: Tliomes Mauley,
Charles Brouard. "Kfelly" Henshaw
and F. Belcher acting as endmen, two"
on each side of tho stage. Other stars,
Miss WInfred Barns, Mrs. H. K. Ileoro,
Mrs. Daniel S. Hewitt, Mrs. Anthony
Kleltz, Mrs. James U. Malott, Mrs.
Clifton C. Norton, Miss Caroline Qtiin-
tiy. Miss Scriven, Mrs. Charles S
Schopke, Miss George Wallace, Mrs
Adolnh Wlsllzenus and Mrs: Albert
YounKlof. Captain Alvan C. Head
(Continued on page 1G.)
Homo's View by tho Garden
Waste Garden, Crash Sight
Fair Garden liko the Lord
Every one wanted'
(Correspondence of tho Star.)
HILO, Hawaii, Juno 7. "Tho Kl'.a-
uea volcano is even more interesting
than I had expected that it would be,
and I am particularly glad to have ar
rived hero just now, when there Is
nn extremely Interesting a'ctlon going
on. The Island In the center Is mov
ing from hour to hour, and so is tho
cavern Into which tho lava Is flowlncr,
thus accomplishing the apparently
Impossible, through showing that a
hole can float."
This was the Interesting statement
mado this morning by Frank A. Pcr
ret, tho director of the Hawaiian ex
pedition of the Massachusetts Insti
tute of Technology, who camo down
to HIlo to make arrangements for
tho stretching of cables across Halo
mnumau, by which ho will bo able
to lower apparatus Into the molten
lava. He seems to bo very much
pleased with everything that he has
found at the volcano, and states that
the conditions for experimenting are
Ideal, and that If the lava was hlghpr
it would not present so good an op
portunity, nor would it if tho level
was lower. In speaking further on
tho subject he said: ,
Where Does It Flow?
"According to measurements w'hich
I have made, the level of tho molten
lava is about ono hundred and twenty
meters, or approximately " 3H0 feet,
lower than the level of the Kilauea
crater. It is in a state of activity
which Is of especial Interest, and ono
thing which I am, anxious to find out
Is how tho lava comes to be rushing
out in one place and coining in nt
another. That is, whether there are
two separate passages into tho
depths, or whether this is sintply a
natural circulation, which is causnd
by tho expansion and contraction ot
tho lava as it cools and is reheated.
Cables Across Crater.
"I certainly hope that tho results
of this trip will bo such that a per
manent observatory will bo erecteil
at Kilauea, as it seems to me to b"
far the most Interesting volcano In
Its class that I know of, and one that
Is well worth a great deal of study.
Wo expect to stretch our cable across
from the lower, or black, ledge whlo.h
will give an opportunity to reach first
shore, then molten lava, then the
Islnnd, more molten lava and tho
shore on the other side. It was pro
posed at first to stretch two cables,
one across the crater and this to
meet a second at right angles, which,
would run tho length of the pit, but
under present conditions ono cable
across from the lower ledge will bo
enough. We will soon get at work
upon this part of tho job, and It
should not bo very difficult to get tho
cables in position."
The VolAno Neglected.
HILO, July G. Among the arrivals
in tills city on Sunday by the steamer
Claudlno 'were Messrs. Perrett and
Sheppard, tho two volcanic experts
who will spend several months at Kil
auea in making various experiments
in connection with tho activities of
Madame Pole. They stayed In HIlo
for but a short time, having breakfast
at tho HIlo Hotel and then leaving for
the scene of activity: In' speaking of
the work which was to bo done Mr.
.Perrett said:
"You can have no idea ot tlio gen
eral feeling of surprise and astonish
ment on tho part of the Europeans
who are 'interested In this kind of
work when they think of the fact that
there has been nothing done In con
nection with scientific investigations
at Kilauea. In any of tho European
countries there would have been a
fully equipped observatory there lone
ago, or at the very least, a statitti
with an observer on duty at all times.
European scientists cannot under
stand the lack of interest which has
been taken.
"I have seismographic Instruments
which I should like to place in posl-
This is surely in a class by itself, but it makes its meaning clear.
Home's view bv the garden!" Why not? A view of a home beside
a flowering bit of ground is good for weak eyes, especially when the
ground is "fair garden like the Lord." And isn't it true that a "waste
garden is a crash sight?" Why it would crush your tendercst emotions.
And if T. Mitsuoka "of Moduli is waiting for your order it is ingti
time to let hhn try his clever hand on the crashncss and remove it, for
like my triend Uliaslu ot Kobe, nc may ne auie, in any arusuc worK,
n "i-npfAfrt -tli-.f nlxlrt Avfrni-t rf I n nrnnili tv mil! fllVIr11et;;.,,
IU (IUU1UUI. VAlltlki 1 lllijViiiii.j .. w. ..www.
The poets are not doing much these days but I am hoping for
better things. It is on this account not doing much that the local
magazines are beginning to look back over old files and get the best
tilings of the past. Thomas Rain Walker's "Waianae" has come to life
acrain and so lias Mr. Dole's metrical vision of the "Sweet Apocalypse"
which the New York bun printed long ago under tne nead ot i lie
Half-White Girl. Not so very far back one could run down to tne
Naval Station, dron a nickle in the slot and get a noem on anything
patriotic, but the present Admiral, fine old salt! would rather have
ns right foot cleave to the root ot lus moutli than to indite a verse
He had rather indict the author. Nothing is doing either in the haunt!
of T. Maurice McMahon. the sweet singer of Limerick; and I suspect
there won't bf until another pair of brown eyes go smouldering by and
sets his soul to music. Will Sabin hits off a rhyme or two now and
then, but he is running to the occult and getting in on spavined oli
'Mahatmas and Adepts m the dismal realms of prose, and Ayrcs is
too busy throwing cocoanuts at the Advertiser's pupulc bard to give
out tlie burden of a soul which is as full of music as that land shell lie
wrote about the other day with a straight face.
Of course I can t speak for the rhyming circle of the Kilohana
rt League where there are any number of soulful poets who keep
. . i - i i 1 i
their verses in tne arciuves uiuu nrisimas caru and vaienuuc nay
orders come in. They don t give much away, these sequestered poets
but now and then a neat little ballad or sonnet strays out among the
non-elect. If the rhyme circle would jettison the archives some day
I think a lot of good things would tloat ashore, odorous of made and
mayliap, ot myrrn and iratiKincensc.
Hut we miss the Hard of Dalbeattie. Recall him? lie went home
to au!d Scotia aboot twenty-five years agane, witli plenty of time, to let
his muse frolic on the heather, lhe Hard took the Hawaiian Gazette
so as to keep in touch with his adopted "liamef" and every time he saw
an item that reminded him lie wrote a column poem about it and sent
it back. Did the Thistle Club meet to put down the infamous liquor
traffic, bottle by bottle? Why, Dalbeattie responded with rhymed ap
preciatioiu Did they have thunder and lightning up Tantalus? Just
as sure as the mails came from Scotland, they brought back echoes set
to music. Did a flood from the melting snow fields of Mauna Kca
tear out fern acres and set them blooming on the sea ? Dalbeattie knew
what to say in metre for a column or more. Hut alas
of all Scots and his lyre was probably used for fuel,
to take his place, at least since Admiral Rees left.
lie went the way
There is no one
Most forgetful man, Kuliio! I sec he says lie has-alwnys been
Republican, but if memory holds a seat in this distracted globe he began
Continued on Pago Sixteen.)
HILO, July 4. The board of license
commissioners for this island at ns
meeting last Thursday decided to
emulate tho examplo set by tho Oahu
board in an attempt to annihilate tno
blind pigs by compelling tho whole
sale houses hero to show their books
to tho license Inspector. Tho step
was taken by tho adoption of the fol
lowing resolution:
'Bo it resolved by tho board ot
llcenso commissioners in and for the
county of Hawaii, T. H., that all
licensees of tho first class shall keep
a complete record of all sales, wheth
er cash or credit; and
"He It further resolved, that tho
llcenso Inspector, or tho members o
tho board of llconse commissioner!!,
shall have tho same access to nil
books and records as is required by
tho United States Internal revenue
Kau Goes Dry.
Tho holding up of the llcenso ot
tho Knu Wlno Company, refusing tho
llcenso of John Payne, In this city,
and that of Ah Lap, at Kailua, wero
the most important things done at
tho meeting of tho board.
Another big fight camo up over tho tlon district,
license of John do Mello, of Kona. doors of tho
which was also turned down by tho
commissioners, this coming directly
as tho result of a visit parti that sec
tion by Mesrs. Molr and Ogg, of the
commission. Tho former statod mat
not only had thoy seen two Hawa
Hans romo out of tho saloon drunk,
but that ho would bo against tho
granting of tho llcenso on account
of tho dirty condition of tho placo.
The Kau Wlno Company protests
camo In the shnpo of affidavits which
were totally unexpected and which
Ned Austin, tho local representative
of that firm, was not aware of till
they were read in tho morning ses
sion. Tho board, thero being no tes
timony to contradict them, took no
action towards granting a licenso,
ho'dlng tho matter over till the spe
cial meeting which will bo held on
July 2S, to consider the granting of a
license for the Crater Hotel, as Peter
Leo's now hostelry will bo known.
Four of tho affidavits are similar .n
sUitlng that a man who was formerly
a stationary engineer at Honuapo was
seon to go Into tho place sober and
to come out drunk. It is stated that
tho ongineor in question has been
away from the district for over a
year. In addition to this tho state
ment Is made that tho protests came
through Manager Woltcrs, of tho
Hutchinson plantation and nro a con.
tinuatlon of the old fight against tno
Thompson Settlement Association.
A Prohibition Experiment.
HIlo Tribune: Last Friday night at
11:30 o'clock Kau becamo a prohlbl-
Tho closing of tho
Kau Wlno & Liquor
Company, a wholesale concern, by
the hoard of llcenso commissioners,
wiped out tho only place where liquor
might bo legally dispensed In tho en
tire district, with tho exception of
tho Volcano House, and thnt placo i
only within tho district geographic
ally speaking, aB it is removed by
(Continued on page 1G.)
as a Home Ruler. He "fit mit Wilcox" for a time and then went out
and organized a sort of native "peace club" composed of young Ha
waiians, and then made enough show of strength to get him n most
affable hid to enter the Republican party and be the next candidate for
Congress. Sam Parker-was the first one and was beaten by Theresa's
better half; next time Kuhio, who had traded himself into a violent
type of Republican, won hands down. He lias been winning ever'
since, is tired of Congress and wants something better, and Frear js
in the way. And as a digression from the subject I believe he w'ril
stav in the way. -,
L ' I
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