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The Hawaiian star. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu]) 1893-1912, March 16, 1912, SECOND EDITION, SECOND SECTION, Image 9

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PAGES 9 TO 18.
PAGES 9 TO 16.
Memorial of Founders of Royal School
Reminiscences of Honolulu
Saturday Proas, Soptambur I,-,, 18S3, . . , .
Tuesday was tho one-hundredth anniversary of tho birth of Mrs. Jullotto Montague Cooko, wife of
tho missionary, Amos Starr Cooko, and founder of the Royal Chiefs' School, an Institution perpetuated In
tho Royal School, of the public school system of Hawaii, which is housed In ono of tho first of tho
modern school buildings erected In those Islands an edifice Indeed which will compare favorably with
tho best types of school architecture elsewhere.
Tomorrow morning tho centennial will bo celebrated at Kawalahao church by tho descendants of
Mr. and Mrs. Cooko and tho momoria" tablet, erected In their honor In tho vestibule of the church, will
bo unvolled by Queen Lllluokalanl and Mrs. Elizabeth Kekaanlau Pratt, the two Burvlvors of tho original
Koyal School.
Tho tablet Is of marble, Is six feet long, four feet wide and six Inches thick. An engraving of the
tablet is presented herewith. Its inscription reads as follows':
1810 1871
1812 1896. "
1839 1850
Born one hundred yearn ago Tuesday last, wife of the
founder of tho Royal School.
Tho contributors tofthe memorial families were growing up with little
are tho members of, the family, con- or no education. The company of
sisting of Mrs. C. M. Cooke, Mrs. S. ' missionaries was then comparatively
T. Alexander, Mrs. J. M. Atherton, small, but as they had a wide-spread
Mrs. A. M. Turner, Mr,
Mr. J. P. Cooke.
A. P. Cooke, influence among the Hawaiian people,
I naturally tho parents, who were an-
Tho dedication exercises will take xlus to improve their children, turn
place at 10:30 Sunday morning, and ed to thom for assistance,
will consist of a short address by Mr. Several of the missionaries consult
A. F. Cooke and Rov. H. H. Parker. ed Mr and Mrs- Amos starr Cooke as
No special invitations have been Is- to the,r willingness to undertake the
care ana supervision 01 sucn a school
j Although not refusing at once, they
Sixteen royal chiefs and chiefesscs ' P dubt their fitness for
tmuu nil uruuuus man, 111 Dpiiu ui
the public generally being ia-
wero educated in the school, tho cen
i i i - . , . . i .i.i
lenary 01 wnoso iounuer 13 ueiug uuy 1
observed today. Among them wero '
1 several whoso names are writ large :
in the history of Hawaii, for example:
Lihollho and Emma Uooke, who as
Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma
founded the Queen's Hospital; Will
iam Charles Lunalllo, who, dying as
king, left his estate to found the Lu
nalllo Home for Aged and Indigent Ha
wallans, today firmly established and
one of the most interesting as well a3
beneficent of Honolulu's institutions;
Bernlce Pauahi, who as Princess Ber
nice Pauahi Bishop, by her last will
and testament, left her entire estate
to found tho Kamehameha Schools
for Boys and Girls, which are among
the greatest private educational in
stitutions of Hawaii; King Kalakaua,
tho father of Reciprocity that started
Hawaii on the road to its present day
prosperity as a Territory. of tho Unit
ed States enjoying plenary free trade
with tho mother country; Lydla Ka
makeha, the last sovereign of Ha
waii, who as princess royal was a
leader In religious and benevolent ac
tivities fraught with blessings to her
'Vountryfolk, and now as queen
in retirement consumed with a
motherly Interest. In tho welfaro of
her people, to whom she Is still Her
v Majesty holding court in their hearts,
while at the" same time possessing
grateful' affection of former political
foes and friends alike, for her queen
ly charm as well as her public spirit
manifested in such generous acts as.
that lately performed of donating val
uable property for a city park; and it
is eminently appropriate to note, in
this connection, that Queen Lllluoka
lanl's actlvo concern for the advance
ment of all tho people of Hawaii has
been recognized In perpetuating her
namo by giving It to ono of the first
school buildings in Honolulu, now un
dergoing construction and of which it
Is hoped Her Majesty will consent to
lav tho cornerstone In a few weeks,
so Indirectly tho Lllluokalanl School
will bo another memorial to tho
Cookes through their royal pupil its
Below, appropriately Is given a
history of the founding and early
AnVa nf tho Royal School, written by
Ruth Richards, a great-grand-daugh
ter of-Julletto Montague Cooke, while
' a member of the 1911 class of Oahu
College, and reprinted from tho com-
ihencement numnor 01 mo uuuuuu,
Juno of that year. Tho paper reads
as follows:
By Ruth Richards, '11, In tho Oahuan
Juno, 1911.
In May, 1839, the founding of a
school for ;tho children of tho King
and his Chiefs was first sorlously con-
sldered. Thoro were very inadequate
school facilities at that time and as a
result of this tho children of tho royal
foot open court. It was made of adobe
painted white, and was thatched
with grass. Having only one story,
and wide verandas, it had a rambling
appearance. ' Surrounding the inner
court, in which there was a grass
plot and a spreading tree, verandas
were built also. The floors were cover
ed with Hawaiian mats, and tho walls
and ceilings were plastered. The
building had a parlor, schoolroom,
sleeping quarters for the girls and
tables, with seating room for twenty
ono persons were made of long boards.
Tho greater part of the provisions was
provided by tho king and his chiefs.
Among the presents wero two pigs,
three ducks, five fowls, llsh and vege
tables. After tho feast, the building
was formally dedicated by prayer and
speeches by several of the missionar
ies. There wero present at this dedica
tion Che king and his chiefs, a few of
the day pupils who wero to enter the
and Mrs. Cooke J
were appointed, on June 7, lb39, at j
the general meeting of the missionar-, J
ies held in Honolulu, to fill this posI-!5
tlon. This was clone at the request
of King Kamahameha III and his
chiefs, who sent the following letter:
"Honolulu, June 1, 1839.
"Aloha oe, o MI Kukl.
"Eia go makou manao la oe. E Mo
oe i kumu ao, na na keikl alii a ma
kou, o 00 ka mea nana e eo 1 ka naau
ao, a me ko pono, eia go makou man
ao la oe.
Signed ....
Tho following Is a .brief translation:
Greetings to Mr. Cooke. This Is our
Idea concerning you. You are to be
come a teacher of our royal children.
You are tho one to Instruct them In
wisdom and in right. This is our plan
for you.
There was also one from King Ka
mehameha III., which was in the form
of an announcement. This letter rec
ognized tho appointment of Mr. Cooke
as teacher of tho Alii or royal chil
dren, and Dr. Judd as tho trustee.
Tho school first held sessions on
Juno 13, 1839, but only as a day school.
Later, when the building was com
pleted, it became a boarding school.
There were many Interruptions at tho j
beginning, as Mr. uooico naa 10 super
intend tho erection of the new homo,
and the children, unaccustomed
wero made responsible for their per
sons. The children, unused to regularity
or restraint, were very restless, but
they gradually settled down to the
dally school routine Every morning
at six their family met In tho parlor
while Mr. Cooko conducted prayers.
After this they had breakfast and a
short play time before tho beginning
of the mornln" session. Of course, on
entering school, tho children knew lit
tle or no English; so that this receiv
ed the most attention. They wero
much puzzled In differentiating the
many letter, and could not at first
distinguish g from d or k from t t-a-k
spelt cat for thom. Later they took up
reading, writing, history, grammar,
geography -arithmetic and nature
study Tho pupils were very fond of
music, and spent much time In singing
together. Mrs. Cooko, as a reward of
merit, taught two or three of the filrls
to play the piano; but very little timo
was spent, as it was thought to bo n
light accomplishment.
The children, Inclined to be lazy,
preferred to sit around tho house In
their unoccupied time. After Mr. and
Mrs. Cooko had taught them such
games as ball, tag, hide-and-seek and
mnny others, they ncode.l no further
boys, and Mr. and Mrs. Cooke's private
rooms. The work on the building was
done almost ntlrely by tho natives,
tho money being furnished by tho
chiefs. They did this at great sacrl-
.! lico to themselves, as they had all
been heavily taxed at that timo by
to 1 the French government.
discipline, remained at home when- on April u, ikiu, ueioro mo nousu
ever they felt Inclined. was entirely finished, Mr. anil Mrs.
Tho house was now rapidly noaring Cook0 moved in, and began tho wont
J j urging. Early each morning tho older
ones rode out on horseback with Mrs.
! Cooke, and they became expert horse
C men.
Tho Hawallans had always been a
very superstitious race, and the minds
of the children wero filled with stories
of tabus and kahunalsm. Ono day tho
children sat telling tho stories which
they had heard from their kahus about
ghosts anr goblins. Knowing them
only too well, Mr. Cooke stopped
them, but was not able to end It thon
and there. That night little William,
ono of tho yo.unger ones, tumbled out
"school, and four or five missionaries, of bed, and rpused tho housohold with
his terrified cries; for ho thought tho
spirits had taken possession of him.
After going to him twice, Mr. Cooko
had to call In ono of'tho kahus to stay
with him tho remainder of tho nlghf.
Tho children wero punished the next
morning, and becamo very much
ashamed of tho trouble they had caus
ed At another timo, when Mr. Cook
appear . was out walking with Moses, Lot and
It had Aloxandor, ho and Moses stopped over
i Founder of tho Royal School. "1
, , 1810 1871
1812 1896 '.
)B39 85o ' "
wvi rvnr.f.!inu nwuA JUHH PITT KINAU .A.
KMT - . - .; 4- - ,
Ke-ktPunoa. who was governor of
Oahu, was both at this timo and
throughout their entire connection
with tho school of great assistance to
tho teachers.
Although wishing to open the school
as soon as It was possible, Mr. Cooko
did not think it wise to do so until tho
wall was completed. But oil May 4,
1840, the children began to
with their kaluis or servants.
.4 "
Cooke Memorial Tablet in Knwalnhao Church to Bo Unveiled Tomorrow
completion . It stood across from the ( of settling for tho accommodation of
government buiiumgs, wnero uio oiUinoir pupus. pour uun huui- u uraw
barracks now standB and was situ-, tlon feast was held. Imagine tho dlfll
ated In. tho midst of largo grounds . cultles undergon0 in tho preparation
with a grove of beautiful trees, and of that feast! There wero then no
wnB surrounded by a wall with two crockery stores from which to procuro
large gates which wero locked evory shortages, so Mr. and Mrs. Cooko had
night. Tho building Itself was sevonty- to go out among their friends and
been unusual up ta this time for a a sign, made In tho path, without no
child of nny of th royal families to tlclng It. But tho other boys dlscov
bo without his kahus. And tho ilrst j erlng the symbol Immediately foretold
nights wore very sad ones for the lit-' tho certain death of those who had
tie pupils, with their kahus banished. 1 passed over It. Mr. .Cooko stepped
To do this entirely was impossible, as ( back and forth over tho mark sovoral
somo of tho younger children needed . times to prove to thom how foolish
their attendance. Nevertheless many their foars wore. But this story was
of thom wero sent away, butthoy ro- quickly carried to the town b" tht ka
mnlned just outsido tho walls, causing hus, and Mosos' mother camo at onco.
somo of tho children to attempt os- Sho was followed by a messenger
pnnn This nroved tho eroat necessity , from tho governor, who commandod
of tho walls, for had there been nono that Moses should bo sent down Im
there would have beon no 6chool. mediately for medicine. Mr. Cooko
Thoro wero lourteon young chlofs refused to permit this, nnd shut tho
and chlefcsses who received their edu- children Insldo tho house until thoy
cation In this family school. Thoy wero over their fear of this form of
wero Moses Ko-KU-olwa, Lot Kame- superstition.
homeha. who became Kamehameha V., Tho school was constantly being
Alexander Lihollho, who becamo king hindered by interference from tho par
as Kaniehnmeha IV., Victoria Kama- cuts. False and exaggerated reports
malu, William Charles Lunalllo, later woro lioln carried to thom frequently
king undor his own namo; Bornlco by tho kahus. Mr. Cooko was com
Pauahi, founder oftJ-ho Kamehameha pelled to write to them oven if ono
Schools; Abigail MBSohn, Jane Looau, j of tho children bumped his head or
Elizabeth Ke-ka-nl-au, Smma Rooko, stubbed his too. Tho parents made
who married Kamehameha IV.; Peter! sudden and unexpected visits, and had
10 uo oiueriuineu wnuiner 11 wuh cuii-
flvo ftfeet
Young Koeo; James Kaliakalanl, Da
vld Kalakaua, who becamo Hawaii's
last king, and Lydla Knmakaoha,
whom wo kn6w as Queen Lllluokalanl.
Theao young people wore put In
square, enclosing a thirty- neighbors to collect dishes. Th0, two school, nnd John II and his wife Saral
veniont of not. Kohauluohl, some
times called Queen Regent, was a fro
quont visitor at school. Sho usod to
como and spend tho night and wlshod
(Continued on page sixteen.)
May 27. 1866, died In Honolulu, J. W. E. Malknl, a prominent nnd much
esteemed native. Ho had but shortly before been created a noble, In recog
nition of his superior ability and rectitude of conduct. Ho was one of Ha
waii's best men, nnd his denth was a public loss. Ho had formerly filled tho
position of district judge for Honolulu, and had several times represented
tho district In tho legislature. He was a graduate of Lahalnaluna, nnd at tho
time of his death held the office of adjutant general of tho troops. He waa
only thirty-two years of ago at his death.
By tho biennial report of tho minister of finance to the legislature o
1860, tho receipts of tho treasury during the two years ending March 31, 1860,
from all sources, amounted to tho sum of $055,866.68; and the expendlturea
during the same period to tho sum of $643,0SS,50, showing an excess of re
ceipts over expenditures, of $12,778.27. The government debt on tho 1st of
April, 1860, was $108,777.33. The Minister states that "the receipts from tho
tax on real estnte for tho last year, wero ?S,146.04, and from tho tax on per
sonal property, $7,543.47, making an aggregate of $15,0S9.51." How ludi
crously small this sounds today.
Died in Honolulu, June 9, Mr. Henry Macfnrlano, aged thirty-nine years,
a natlvo of Scotland. Ho had resided on tho Islands nbout fourteen years.
He was proprietor of tho Commercial Hotel, and one of tho most genial,
large hearted men it over was my good fortune to meet. His five sons are
Messrs. Henry R. and Geo. W. Macfarlanc, who compose the enterprising
firm of G. W. Macfarlano & Co., of this city; Edward, Frederic and Clarence.
The now steamer Kilauea built in Boston for C. A. Williams & Co., ex
pressly for tho inter-island trade, arrived at Honolulu June 28, having left
Now London January 5th. Her long passage was accounted for by tho fact
that sho but seldom used Bteam, and sho had but scant canvas. Her arrival
was greeted with much enthusiasm by all classes and especially by tho
Tho Fourth of July passed off with zest, but with less- of demonstration
than had marked tho celebration of tho previous year. There was a mid
night serenade; a salute of thirty-two guns from tho Esplanade by a detach
ment of tho Hawaiian Artillery at four o'clock in the morning; a national
salute at noon from the U. S. S. Levant, returned from Punchbowl battery
tho Levant responded to this marked courtesy of tho Hawaiian .Government
by another salute; salutes from several merchant vessels in port; bonfiro
of tar barrels at night on the side of Punchbowl; rockets, dance at Doctor
Gulllon's, attended by the King and Queen, Captain Thomas Spencer, who
had tho arrangement of details, was dubbed "Grand Marshal of tho Fourth."
Early In July J. H. Morrison, whom I have mentioned In a previous num
ber in connection with the celebrated Paauhau land case, was arrested by tho
marshal on Hawaii, brought to Honolulu and confined In tho Oahu Prison,
tho charge being contempt of court, In neglecting to pay over several thou
sand dollars received by him for a portion of the land which he had sold to
J. P. Parker. The fact was, Morrison could not do as ordered by the chan
cellor, for ho nad sent tho money to his family In the United States. Tho ar
rest and Imprisonment caused a good deal of talk, and Indignation was gen
erally expressed. Of course the general public did not, and it Is probable
do not now, understand that a failure to obey or fulfill the orders of a court
of chancery, for whatever cause, Is of Itself, pure and simple, a contempt,
and must bo punished as such.
On tho 17th of July tho corner stone of tho Queen's Hospital was laid ,
with full and appropriate ceremonies. The procession waa formed at tho
stone church, Kawalahao, att 11 a. m., under the direction of W. C. Parko,
marshal and marched to tho grounds, in the following order:
Military, Mechanic's Benefit Union, Odd Fellows, Masons, trustees, their
majesties the King and Queen (In a carriage). The chancellor of tho king
dom, justice of the supreme court, ministers, nnd other high officers of state,
foreign diplomatic representatives, commanders of national vessels, govern
ment officers.
Arrived at tho slto of the proposed building, tho following order of oxer-
clso waB carried out:
Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Armstrong, singing, in Hawaiian; address in Ha
waiian, by the king; laying of tho corner stone, by tho king, with Masonic
ceremonies assisted by tho brethren of tho two lodges; address In English,
by the king; music; prayer by the Rev. Mr. Damon.
Tho address of tho king was one of thoso finished productions of which
he was fully capable not a word too much, but yt fully and clearly setting
forth tho subject in hand. It abounded In noble sentiments, clothed In beau
tiful and appropriate language. I am tempted to quote two short paragraphs:
"On an occasion such as this, It becomes me, the sovereign of these is
lands, to oxpress, in the namo of ray people, tho senso of gratitude with
which tho liberality and fellow-feeling of those who helped to establish tho
Queen's Hospital have filled their hearts and mine. Ignorant as somo of
thom are, and still more or less possessed of prejudices which they have In
herited, they may fail, for tho present, 'tully to appreciate the service that
you have rendered thom; but I feel nssured that the time will soon arrive
when those prejudices will ceaso to exist. Already wo see passing awny tho
misgivings of thoso who doubted that a hospital would ever bo resorted to
by pure Hawallans. The trial has been made, and It has succeeded, not per
haps to our wishes, but beyond our expectations. Therefore it Is that In tho
namo of the Hawaiian people, of humanity, and of that charity which levels
all ranks and sets all distinctions at naught, I tender my hearty thanks to
those who have assisted In this enterprise. In the namo of tho wretched
and miserable, I thank you. In tho namo of tho otherwise sleopless, I pray
you may be at case, and In tho name of the dying, who dio more painlessly
for what you have done, I desire from tho bottom of my heart, that long
years of happiness may bo in store for you.
"But let mo remind you that so long as sickness shall exist, there will
bo a duty imposed upon us. Charities, like taxes, for tho commonwealth,
havo to bo mot from time to time. There Is no commuting for a given sum,
and claiming exemption for all timo to como. You Hvo according to your
means for tho timo being. When tho next call comes, your capabilities may
be greator or smaller, nnd according to your cnpabllltlos you will settlo with
your consciences; I do not envy tho man who would wish (If such a thing
woro possible) to pay at ono Instalment nil tho claims of humanity. Thoro Is
something wholcsomo In being cnlled upon from timo to timo to acknowledge,
however strong our own wcnlth may bo, and howovor prosperous our for
tunes, that, aftor all, tho destitute and tho sick nro our brothors and sisters
our lot happier for the timo being, but our liability to want and suffering
tho same. This it la that makes us human, and members of tho human fam
ily. Socloty makes distinctions broad enough, but strip us of our artificial
robes, and we are ono and all equally nakod and equally exposed to tho keen
swords of want and tho torments, of disoaso, I trust, thorefore, and Indeed I
feol confident, that you will contlnuo your support to this pralsoworthy
When, nfter reading tho above, it is remembered thnt tho King was al
ways tho writer of his own addressos, It must be conceded that ho waa a man
of no ordinary talont.
Early In July, Prlnco Lot Kamehameha was taken sorloualy ill, and for
days in succession his decease was hourly looked for. About tho 20th, how-
over, ho began to improve slowly, and continupd to do so, steadily but slowly,
until quito convalescent. On tho 29th of August, tho prlnco took passngo on
tho schooner Emma Rooko, Captain Chndwlcko, for Victoria, V. I. The
Prince waa accompanied by tho Hon. L. llaaloloa and Col. D. Kalakaua, both
nobles, and by Mr. J. C. Spalding. Aftor a short stay at Victoria, tho prlnco
and aulto proceeded to California, where thoy becamo tho guests of Governor
Downey. Ho returned to Honolulu on tho 1st of November, with fully re
stored health. ,
On tho Cth of August, an old Gorman, named Henry Zupploln, aged about
seventy, nnd a resident on thoso IslandB for fifty years, committed sulcldo
by shooting himself with a pistol. Ho jvna n miser, and, like a good many
(Continued on pago sixteen.)

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