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0 O I&r&EH CXilX .
. r. WEDyESDAY AUGUST 13, 1356.
Wa are happy to be able to chronicle ia this issue, the arrival
of the first whaler this season from the north, the whaleship
Zenaa Cojin, Capt. J, K. Rose, of Nantucket, having entered
his port on Saturday morning the 9th inst. The arrival of the
first whaler, especially if the brings a good report, arai has had
good lack, always iuparta a buoyancy to our market, which haa
passed the dull and quiet summer's trade. Capt. Rose comes
in vith his vessel well filled, and though he ha3 Been but a few
hips, brings a very good report. He? arrived on the Kodiac
ground about the' middle of May,' and cruised principally be
tween Lit 51 and 53 and longitude 143 and 147, taking one whale
in May, five in June, and two in July, leaving the ground July
14. The buck of the Kodiac fleet he thinks must have cruised
about one hundred mile3 we.?t of him, and a little north of the
Fox Islands. The Jef ergon and Neva, both which were nearly,
fall, he thinks will be along In a fow days days, and will proba
bly urnish fuller reports from tha remaining vessels. Capt.
Rose will remain a few weeks, and sail fur home, via New Zea
In looking over thurrivais of whalers for the past five years,
we find that oui first ship this year, is two weeks earlier than
usual. TTe give the dates for the past five years, at Honolulu.
Aug. 23, 135211 Ip Chas Phelps, full from Kodiac,
Aug. 24, 1S53 " Polar Star, 509 bbu from ax
Sept. 20,1554 bark N. S. Perkins, frm a sealing voyage.
Aug. 31, 1S55 ship Jason, full from Ochotsk.
An Q IS.Sft " 7.nn.a Coffin. R.oa?. fall from Kodiac.
During the past week there has been no arrival or departure of
a merchantman, though several vessels with cargoes are now
looked for, and will probably be in before the close of the
month. An auction sale takes place- this morning at the store
of B. TV. Fiel l at which a; large a33ortraent of merchandise
suited to the Island trade will be sold. -.
In our market we note some Improvement, and considerable
transactions have taken place in Cigars, Teas and Rice, mostly
importations by the Vaquero from Melbourne.
RICE. 500 bags of Manilla at auction at 5JS)5?c. '
?AILS. 60 doz. three-hooped sold by Monsarrat & Co. at
$4 25:4 75.
PANTS. 6 doz. White Drill and Fancy Pants at $12 00 (a)
$13 50 per doz.
TEAS. We notice considerable sales of fine Pouchong in half
boxes at 2Q.30c., per lb., but holders are firm at the latter fig
ure. Sales at auction on the 12th 5 boxes 12 lbs each Souchong,
CIGARS. 100,000 Manila Cheroots No. 2, sold on private
LATEST DATES, received aft this Office.
San Francisco -Panama,
Sydney, N. S. W.
Ships 31 nils.
POUT OP HO IIQ LULU, H. I.
Aug. 8 Sch Kamamalu from Hilo, Hawaii, with cargo of
9 Am wh ship Zenss Coffin, Rose, from Kodiac, 2400 bbls
wh, fc,O00 lbs bone:
10 Sch Kamehameha and Favorite, both from Kahului, E.
W-'t VKWaVttoft fatfe'We S r I Mi, . .1 r ,
12 Sch Dolphin, from Koloa, Kauai.
14 Sch Rialto, King, from Lahaina.
Reported expressly f6r Ike Commerciel Advertiser.
Telegraph Hill 6 o'clock, A. M., Thursday. A large
clipper ship iu sight about 15 miles beyond Diamond Head,
studding sails set. Probably the Ceylon, 122 days from Bost.
Aug. 7 Sch Maria, Peterson, for Kauai.
7 Sch Sally, Fountain, for Kauai.
8 Sch Manuokawai, for Hilo, Hawaii.
8 Sch Rialto, King, for Lahaina, Maul.
9 Sloop Laanui, fcr Lahaina.
11 Sch Excel, Chadwick, for Lahaina.
12 Sch Favorite, Hall, fur Lahaina.
The clipper ship Flying Cloud, we notice by the N. Y. Tri
bune of June 20, put in to Rio Janeiro, May 11, for repairs,
having lost her rudder, spars, sails, etc. She was bound from
New York to San Francisco. - - " "
Capt. Rose, of the wh ship Zenas Cojfin, has kindly ' fur
nished the following memoranda vf vessels heard from and spo
ken by him :
May 6 Montauk, French, of Sag Harbor, clean.
44 27 New England, Smith", N. L., 3 whales.
June 17 Tamerlane, Winslow, N. B.; 1 whale.
44 23 Enterprize, Brown, Nan., 450 bbls.
July 5 Jefferson, Hunting, Sag Harbor, whales wanting
.cnecnly. ; -
5. Neva, Hand, Greenport, done well, but could net leara
what she had taken.
5 Scotland. Smith, of N. B.. 500 bbls.
6 Chas. Carroll, Tuthill, N, L., 1000 bbls.
June 5 Wm. Tell. Smith. S. II.. 1 whale.
May Jas. Andrews, Mogul and Arab had nothing.
Ship Arab, of F. II., Capt. Copeland, lost one of her boats
and a boatsteerer, and her second mate was injured.
Vessels Expected from Foreign Ports.
T5r. Mr. finmh!!! frrm Tin 1 ,rt tr?n TuT.SH o !
U. S. Sloop of War Joha Adams, Boutwell,.froin San Francisco.
French Frigate Embuscade, from Panama, June 15, via Punta
Am bark Yankee, Smith, to leave San Francisco, about Aug. S.
Br. bark Cynthia, Johnson, from Puget Sound, with lumber to
Johnson & Emmes. Sail about July 15.
1.1. hurt A VPrir .Tpllnnil from 1 .5 unmnri fov 1 of osanrtorl
mdze. to 11. C J anion.
Am. ship Ceylon, Bassett, from Boston! April 13, ass'td mdze
to B. W. Field.
Bre. brig Oahn, Wolde, from Bremen, A p. 8, assorted cargo to
I ; elchcrs & Co. - '-, -
Ham. brie Emma. from Ilamburtr. ais'd cartro to Tvrnll
VESSELS IN PORT.-AUG. 13.
Fr brir of war Afcibiade, Capt. de Maripny.
Am wh bark George, Downs, (Li charge of the Marshal.)
Br schooner Alice, B. Clovtstooj Agent.
Am schooner Vaquero, Newell, scon for San Francisco.
Am brigantine Glencoe, discharging lumber. :
Am wh ship Zenas Cofiin, Rose,, recruitiDg.
Coasters in Port.
Schooner John Dunlap, Candage, soon for Maui.
''' Kekauluohi, soon for Hawaii.
u Kiuoole, soon for Hawaii.
u Liholiho, Thurston, soon for Hilo.
3XoTci23?iits of Constcrs
Sch Rialto will probably be in from Lahaina this morning.
ScbyKa Moi, from Kahului and Lahaina Saturday.
J 31ary, from Kawaihae due to-day or to-morrow,
a Haalilio, from Kona, Hawaii, about next Wednesday.
. At MaVawao, August 8, aged about 50 years, Z. Kaacwat,
rq.r Circuit Judge of Lahaina, and member of the Legislature
cflS55 Mr. Kaauwrj has long been known as a prominent
politician and orator, and wberever known sustained a character
for integrity and cpen-heartedbess,- yarely surpassed by his
countrymen.- - .
' In some places on the Austrian military, frontiers
one-fifth of the entire population has been carried off
by the cholera. In the village of Lukovdov on third
of tha inhabitants fell victim. . . - '
For San Francisco, per Vaquero, uncertain.
For Lahaina, on Friday and also Saturday.
For Kauai, Per Dolphin, Friday next.
For Kawaihae, Saturday 4 P. M. '
For Hilo, per Liholiho, on Saturday 4 P. 51.
SPECIAL BUSINESS NOTICE.
Persons desirous of mailing papers, can procure them-at our
counter neatly done up In wrappers, six copies for 50 cent, or
fourteen copies for a dollar. "
Tkbi3. Six Dollars per annum. v
- - . Single Copies 12fr cents each.
In order to accommodate our native subscribers, six months
subscription, ($3) will be received for the Hawaiian Edition. ;
AGEXM FOB TEA COMUEKCL1L ADVERTISER. - '
L&haina, Maut - -MaAawao,
Hilo, Hawaii - -Kawaikae,
EoloOyKauax - -San'
Francisco, Cal -New
Bedford and U. S.
C. S. BARTOW, Esq.
- - L. S. TORBERT Esq
Capt. J. WORTH
- - Capt. JAS. A. LAW
TII03. II. PARIS, Esq.
Dr. J. W. SMITU
L. P. FISHER, Esq., Mer. Ex.
. B. LINDSEY, Ed. Ship List.
CT Capica cf our impcr fur July 31t utul
Aug." 7fthca-n.be procured atourcouuterreaJy
for mailing, per "Vaquero."
THURSDAY, AUGUST 14.
GovsnxiECNTi resemble individualis in some respects,
but especially in this that they have characters to
maintain. . An individual who conducts all his affairs
with prudence and good faith establishes for himself
a reputation as extensive as his name becomes knawn.
His' word and his name in his business transactions
are relied on as the best security between man and
man. But let him depart from the line of strici hon
esty and faith, let him once take advantage of the
technicalities which he may turn in his favor to the
detriment of his fellows, and confidence in him be
comes impaired his credit begins to waver. So it
is with Governments. The prosperity or ruin of a
state depends in a great measure on its administra
tion. If honesty, integrity and justice arc the para
mount principles which govern its executive officers,
a general confidence will be reposed in it at home and
abroad. If, on the other, hand, ill faith, dishonesty
or injustice are allowed to enter into its acts and con
trol the deliberations of its ministry a general want of
faith and loyalty in it will as surely ensue a3 light
follows darkness. '
" It is -a singular fact," says a sterling writer in a
New York paper," that in all semi-civilized and hea
then countries business is transacted almost entirely
without credit. To pay down is the rule, to give
credit the exception. In proportion as man ascends
in the scale of refinement, intellectual development,
and moral culture, he has a. foundation of character
on which his neighbor can rest with security. Thus
elevated, he is worthy to be respected, honored, and
trusted. In no more tangible way can we show that
we repose confidence in another, than to place in his
hands our money or our property. One step higher
than any other man stands the Christian, and his re
ligious principle is everywhere acknowledged, (other
things being equal) as the truest basis of confidence
and credit. He may be poor, but if he is a man of
real honest character- not a deceiver, he is worthy
to be trusted. If however, he is ever so good, mor
ally, but has no capacity for business, (and there are
thousands of such) ho cannot safely be entrusted
with our property. But if he possesses both wealth
9 'jfi natjjn1, fie is a
sham, and as a .business man should be avoided. No
one would think of trusting a pickpocket, a mid
night assassin, or a notorious liar, whatever his pe
cuniary responsibility might be. New Zealand, Pat
agonia, or any other community of barbarians, would
meet with poor success in negotiating a loan in Wall
street, not because they are poor, but because they
will cheat, steal, or murder if they think they can
thereby promote their own interests. A man of
princely wealth may come to New York, stop at one
of our " fashionable up-own hotels," ride in his car
riage, jingle his money perpetually, and yet if he is
known to be a defaulter, everybody (except the sher
riff) will say with regard to him, ' hands off." We
have thus shown that real integrity of character is
the only true basis of credit." Without sucli a basis,
no individual, State or Nation can have high com
mercial standing. This is a fundamental law, inhe
rent in tho very constitution of the universe, and a
law of God." '
During the past week there has been some excite
ment in town, occasioned by the relicensing of the
Royal Hotel on the Bethel square. The issuing of
this license is considered to be an act of bad faith on
tho part of the Goverment and an open violation of
pledges given by it to the Sailor's Home Society, a
society that embraces a vast majority of the merchants
and foreign residents on these . Islands, Government
officers included, the captains, officers and crews of a.
large portion of the whaling and merchant fleet vis
iting this port, and the friends of seamen in various
parts of the world. v
The history of the "affair is this- On the 3rd of
May, 1855, while "the trustees of the Sailor's Home
were deliberating on a plan of an edifice for the Home,
it was brought to their knowledge that ether parties
were making arrangements to erect a Hotel and drink
ing Saloon upon an adjoining lot in the same square
The trustees immediately made known to the Minister
of the Interior their desire that no house should be
licensed to retail intoxicating liquors in such close
proximity or even on the same block. :
On the 8th of the same month the Minister remit
ted to the trustees a courteous letter in which he sta
ted .that he had taken counsel in relation to the mat
ter, and although he felt himself compelled togrpnt
the license applied , for, on the ground of its having
been promised by the Clerk of the department to Mr.
Maxey, it should be only for one year from July 1st,
1855,. and that it was life intention not to renew it
after that period. Of the above determination of the
Minister, Mr. Maxey was also notified under the same
date, a copy of the Minister's letter to him being en
closed to the trustees. The Minister also advised the
trustees to petition the King and ' Privy Council to
pass an ordinance forbidding any future licenses on
that square. A memorial to this effect was presented
to the King and Privy Council signed by all the trus
tees. This was responded to, verbally, by one of the
King's Ministers, who assured the trustees that such
an ordinance had been passed by the Privy Council,
forever forbidding the Minister of the Interior to grant
any licenses for the sale of intoxicating drinks on the
Bethel square.. - ' " '" '
With the above assurances from the Government,
Mr. Maxey erected hit building nd 4Ued it " The
Royal IIotel." The trustees also erected uieirs ai an
expense of $14,000 and call! ; it ? the ' Sailor's
Home. " Both parties were fully; assured what tne
future action of the Government was to be upon the
question which each doubtless considered a matter of
vital importance to their success. It was in a great
measure with reliance on the faith of the Government
to keep its pledge, that from the time when the house
was expected to be in operation, and forever after
wards, no liquor or beer licenses should be granted on
that square, that the Board of Trustees decided to
continue the erection of the Home along side of the
. During the last week, the. license of this Hotel has
been renewed, contrary to the word of the Minister,
and in violation of the pledges and good faith of the
Government. The trustees have remonstrated" with
the Government, but the only reply they get is to the
effect that the license has been granted for another
year "on the grounds that it was on the assurance
"Mr. Maxey received from this ofiice that .the. lot
" where the Hotel now stands was within -the limits
" prescribed by law for the sale of spirituous liquors,
" that he purchased that lot, &c."
If then the Minister knew those limits, he knew al
so that within those limits he was authorized to li
cense, not " compelled, " and having bound himself
by a solemn promise to a respectable body of fifteen
men including the Minister of Finance, the Chancel
lor of the Kingdom, one of the Associate Jastices and
others, Mercha'nts of Honolulu, not to license, after
July 1, 185G, we ask why under the sun has he bro
ken his promise ? If the King and Privy Council did
in May, 1855, pass a solemn resolution not to grant
another license on the Bethel square, as the Sailor's
Home was to be erected there by the trustees, after
being officially informed of that resolution, we ask
why did the Privy Council' violate their engagement
and abuse the faith of the Government on the 5th day
of August, 185G.
No one surely can find fault with Mr. Maxey for
asking from tho. .Government what he deemed his
right and privilege. "We should probably have done
the same thing if placed in his circumstances. But
the Ministry should have borne in mind that the
faitli of the Government is too sacred to pawn away
for the paltry , sum of one thousand dollars. . Some of
the members of the Sailor's Home Society have ex
pressed themselves warmly against continuing the
building for the purposes for which it was erected,
and maintain that as the Government has shown a
disposition to head-off the concern, it may at any time,
without one word of premonition , " repeal" its char
ter, or "repeal' '.the resolution . granting the
land on which it stands. They go further and say,
let the building be sold for a hotel, let the Minister of
the Interior continue the laudable plan of filling the
treasury at the expense of the public credit ; let bar
rooms be opened from cellar to loft, and let, Jack for
once have a " glorious time," and let a broad
black flag of ill-faith float from its ridge, inscribed
with letters of emerald green Hotel de Foilffole.
We sincerely regret that this affair has occurred
jiist at.. this
is tirao -when
t-are in wauI
carry on tne puunc woiks now in progress
They want a credit of $50,000 at home, and of as
much more abroad upon the promise io pay off the
Minister of Finance and the Privy Council. But a dis
cerning public will not be able to perceive why a
promise to pay may not as readily be violated as those
promises and pledges which we have made the sub
ject of these remarks. The faith of the public in the
credit cf the Government, we are fe:.rry to say, is sha
ken. The facts which have come to our knowledge in
connection with this affair, warrant us in the belief
that Prince Lot, acting Minister of the interior, is the
firm friend of the Sailor's Home, and that the step
which has been taken by him, was not taken without
much reluctance, and only at the urging of Mr.
Wyllie, whose name has not appeared in public in this
connection. The public have tho right therefore to
demand from the Prime Minister and adviser of the
King some explanation of this transaction which may
work a . lasting detriment to the credit of the King
dom. They have the right to ask why the future
hopes and credit of the country have been placed in
such peril. They have the right to demand why the
measure was carried at an informal meeting of the
Privy Council, if sucli was the case, and why the bu
siness at that session was transacted in English , when
only two foreigners were present. , They have the
right to demand why and how the remonstrances of
one or two noble chiefs at that session were silenced.
They have the right also to demand whether the
Privy Council have the power to make and annul at
its pleasure ordinances .affecting the rights of a large
portion of the community and the credit of the nation
without any publicity of their acts. . They therefore
demand of Mr. Wyllie some explanation of this mat
ter, or in default thereof they have a right to in
(juire why the affairs of the . Kingdom are placed in
NOTES OF TII12 WEEK.
The schooner Jlfa ria, left the harbor about 4" P.
M., last Thursday in fine style, having on board the
King, Queen, and their suite; The schooner Sally,
accompanied the Maria, as did also five other of our
famous ' mosquito fleet," among which we noticed
the yacht Shoal Water kept her credit good, distanc
ing all her competitors, and even passing the Maria
herself, which has heretofore been considered our best
sailer. As the Maria passed the brig of war Alci
biade, a royal salute was fired from the latter. . .; ..
One of the pleasantest juvenile reunions, which we
remember ever having witnessed, " happened" at tiie
residence of A. B. Bates, Esq., on Friday, last. The
spot seems to have been originally designed by nature
for pic-nics. About one hundred children assembled
on the. premises, and nearly as many "children of
larger growth" were present. . The "entertainment
was got up by Mr. and Mrs. Marshall, whose tact in
catering for juveniles it would be difficult to surpass.
. Drowsed. the Chaxxel. Some weeks since two
natives and a woman, embarked on a canoe of six
fathoms in length, from the western side of Oahu, in
tending if) cross the channel to Kauah Recent news
from Niihau Btate that theVcanoe had befoT drifted
ashoro on that island, much broken, but with "its
mast and sails still in it. There appears no aouot
that the canoe must have been capsized in the chan-
nel and the natives drowned. ims canoe uau
ot. mtoss the channels all the way from Hawaii.
In former days when canoes were built larger, and
were more skillfully managed thn now, it was not at
all uncommon to cross the channel between uanu auu
Kauai. . '
The Weather, &c. The past few days have been
intensely warm, the sun falling at meridian with a
scorching power. Complaints cf the drought come
in from all rnrts of the Islands pasturage, especially
on the leew?.rd side of the Island is becoming, very
scarce. Wo hoar nothing definite as yet from the vol
cano. A correspondent at Kona, Hawaii, under uate
of Aug. 7, writes : There must be great action on
Mauna Loa at this time, from the smoke we now have
and have had for the past ten days, but we hear no
thing new. It is very dry throughout this district."
Another correspondent from East Maui, writes that
the whole Island was. enveloped in smoke."
Cake Burnt. We learn by passenger from East
Maui, that some fifteen acres of fine sugar cane on the
plantation of A. II. Spencer, Esq., were burned last
week.- It is supposed to have been , the work of an
incendiary. " Both Mr. Spencer's and Mr. Torbert's
mills were. grinding the cane taken from tho form ar
plantation, as it was feared other' attempts would be
made to destroy the crop. " ;
A fine shower fell on Tuesday night, as cool
and refreshing as ever visited our parched-up town.
Every body stopped dreaming for a moment to enjoy
the patter of the rain on the shingles and from the
eaves, and then dropped asleep again. The only re
gret expressed was that it did not keep on raining
till morning. But the season is returning when we
can look fvr 'occasional showers at night and Kona
The last V. 6. Mail was received by the Fanny
M(yor, four weeks ago last Tuesday. The Yankee
will be due here by next Monday or Tuesday, and
will probably bring the United States. Mails of June
20th, and July 5th, -with dates from London to
about June 20th -
TnE Vaquero. The decision of Justice Robertson,
on the motion made by. the Counsel on the part of
this vessel to dissolve the attachment was not render
ed yesterday Judge 11. wishing to consult with the
Chief Justice on some points of the question before
rendering it.'" The decision will probably be received
from Kahuku early en Saturdaj morning. . If the Va
quero is released, she will probably sail early in the
Correspondence of the Cmnitrcia.l Advertiser.
Koloa, Aug. 9th 185G. .
. Dear Sir : :The schooner Maria passed, here
yesterday (Friday,) A. M. for Waimea, and since
then five or six smaller crafts hare passed in the
same direction. A native man has arrived from
v annua, mm reports mat -tne mug anu ins coinpaW"
landed Friday A. M. with a salute from the guns of
the old Fort, spent the day on shore, and at evening
sailed for Niihau and the. adjacent islands.
We had smoky, hazy weather here all last week,
very much as described in the Com mcrsial Advertiser.
The air is clear now, but the weather continues very
dry. I was at Hanalei a few days since, and I have
never seen the roads between that place and this so
dusty, nor the streams so low, nor vegetation so thor
oughly parched, for the last fourteen years.
Of J. F. B. Marshall, Pres. R. II. A. Soc.
Gentlemen of tiie Royal Hawaiian Agricultu
ral Society; : - ; :
It is rendered ray duty under our Constitution to
make the; Annual Report of the state of our Society,
its transactions, and its prospects.
. At our last annual meeting, the Hon. W. L. Lee, at
.that time, our esteemed and efficient President, was.
absent on a mission to the U. S., which had for its
principal object the negociation of a Treaty of Recip
rocity, that should relieve us of the heavy duties now
imposed on some of our principal productions, and
thus give a much needed stimulus to Hawaiian agri
culture. - :
As you are already aware, that mission was emi
nently successful, and the treat' now only awaits the
action of the U. S. Senate to go into effect. I am as
sured by Mr. Lee, that the Treaty will without doubt
be ratified by the Senate. It is hoped and believed
that its operation will attract foreign capital to our
shores, which, by developing more fully the agricul
tural resources of the 'Islands, shall create a large
export, and thus raise this nation from its present tor
pid condition to a state of comparative prosperity. ' '
The past year has been one of almost unprecedent
ed financial embarrassment in this community, and
though the commercial interests have been the most
seriously affected, yet the agricultural interests have
also heavily Buffered. . - -
The great depreciation in the prices of improved
Real Estate, both in town and country, is an indica
tion that the evil is deeply seated and will not speed
ily be : removed. Our Society has felt in no slight
degree, the benumbing influence of the general de
pression ; and we meet to-day under' circumstances
of great discouragement, and with prospects dimmed
and clouded. -" "
From various causes, we have Ueen deprived of the
counsel and aid of several of our earliest and most
efficient members ; and in a small community like
this the loss of even one advocate is seriously felt
The Hon. W. L. Lee, who may be termed the founder
of this Society, who was for five years its President,
and was energetic and untiring in his efforts in its
behalf, is now prevented by confirmed ill health from
aiding us. with his counsel and his presence. God
grant that such a measure of health at least may be
restored to him, as will enable him to continue his
valuable labors in this , community, for I know that
without the ability to be useful to his fellow men j life
itself will become a burden to him. -
Another of our first members and zealous suppor
ters has been taken from us. Stephen Reynolds, Esq.
one of our oldest residents, and, who was long one of
our wealthiest citizens, driven to the verge of bank
ruptcy, by pecuniary embarrassments, has become a
lunatic, ins cnamies were ample, and many have
found in him a " friend in need." We can only hope
for his speedy restoration. - ' ' .
Others of our most efficient members have been
compelled by pecuniary difficulties to give up agri
cultural pursuits, and abandon their hard' fought
fields," at cnormoussacrifices, to seek some more re
munerative 'occupation. The sugar plantation of Mr.
Reynolds on Maui, on which he htd expended nearly
seventy thousand dollars, has been sold for seventeen
thousand dollars. The fine plantation of L. L. Tor
bert, Esq., on Maui, on which so much capital and
labor had been expended, was forced off at auction at
a proportionate sacrifice. The coffee, estate of Q
Rhodes & .Co., on Kauai, has also been sold at a great
The great '.
arise from any
consider mat inu tu ui oui piamers wer
never better man now , uut irom fcicai. vi capital to
purchase such estates, the Estates themselves, were embarassM
by heavy debts; the interest of which swallowed up all the rro.
fits. They are now owned by men of capital who can hardly
fail to reap Is rge returns for their investments. -
The Hawaiian Steam Flour Co., has also been compelled to soil
out at a loss, to a new company who are carrying on the busintSi
with vigor, and with good prospects. . The 1'lour now rmuiuf.
tured iTof superior quality and commands a ready sale.
At present all our whe:it i-; raised on E:i.-st Maui, but it is bcliov.
ed that th.re are lauds on Hawaii equally well Jdai-fc;d toth:
gniia, and the company afj taking measures V estaiij iu no
vation. ' ' '
I think that a cl-s2 examination of the history cf sugar, off
and wheat growing at these Islands, will show that they can and
will be male profitable. The instances of failure which hays
been but too numerous, and which have brought such enterprise
into di.-favor, if examined into will be found to have been causod
either by the choice of unsuitable localities, mismanagement, or
lack of capital. If, instead of being discouraged by guch faDurti
we make use cf the lessons which they Tarnish, and avoid tha
errors which caused them, I think the future will show thatsix
cess will prove to be the nils rather than as heretofore, thi ex
ception. - " ,
The Board of Managers, during the past year, ha3 iaa.ie seve
ral attempts to introduce insectiverous birds, out tliu3 far, with,
out success. I have strong hopes however, that Mr. Bartlctt,
the Deputy Collector of this port, who is now absent on a voya-a
to Oresron, will succeed in procuring some of these very desiraM
immigrants. The Beard furnished him with funds for this purpose,
and authorised him to incur aoy additional expense necessary
to accomplish the object. We have also sent funds to Australia
through the kindness of Dr. Hillebrand, whose correipondent
Ferd. Mueller, Esq., is now one of our own corresponding mem
bers, for the purchase of certain desirable plants and see'ls, but
tha faquero, by which vessel they were sent has not yet return
ed. Eroni San Francisco, we have imported peach and apricot
trees, which have been distributed through ths group, and arj
doing well. -
- Through the kindness cf R. J. Ilollingsworth, Esq., formerly
member of this Society, but now a resident of Calcutta, we hara
received from that place quite a variety , of new seeds of orna
mental shrubs and trees, which have also been scattered over tha
group, anil many of which are thriving. A. list of them will ba
published among the Transactions.
I have made several applications at the oiEce of the Minisr
of the Interior, for permission to select the fifty acres of land,
that were devoted some years since by a law passed for that pur
pose, to the use of the Agricultur.il Society for the purposes of &
nursery. But owing f; the non completion of all the surveys,
the land has not till now been ready for selection.
I wish to say a word in reference to this "permanent fund," u
oine have thought it . unwise to let it accumulate, thinking
should be expended in the introduction of new tU.f
Government as I have already stated, have allots to the Sjcie
i-1 v, fifty acres of land, which are now ready for selection, f.jr thj
purpose of a public nursery, in wmcn rare au'i u. sirauie plants
and trees could le propagated for distribution, and in which er
perimenta could be tried, at the expense of the Society, that
mighLprove of benefit to the planter, farmer and gardener. To
make such a use of this land, we need the means to enclose and
clear it, and if possible to build a suitable dwelling house for ths
use of the superintendent. AVe must also have the means t j pay
the laborers employed, as even if the nuncry shoul j eventually
pay its way, it would not be for one or two years. This is one
great reason why it. is desirable to create a permanent fund.
Another reason is that even if the fund were not to be employed
for the above purpose, still it is very desirable to have an income
in addition to what is raised by subscription, fees, or the Gov
ernment donation that shall increase our means of usefulness.
Mr. II. A. TVideroam?, of Grove Farm, Kauai, has c:mmnced
the manufacture of kukui oil, and has produced, a very sup-.rior
article, which Mr. Archer in Ins report from that IsUnd, consid
ers to be very excellent for burning, second only to the best
sperm oil. As the article is sold in Honolulu at one dollar per
gallon, one half the. price of sperm oil, if it proves to be equal to
Mr. Archer's opinion, it will doubtless command a ready sal?,
and be a valuable production. It is also an excellent paint oil.
I would refer you to the samples of kukui oil, which will be ex
hibited by Dr. Frick, as specimens of what can be produced frum
this valuable nut. ...
The Manufacture of Soap has been commenced by Messri
M. It. Packer & Co., who seem determined to triumph over
every obstacle to success. The soap mode by them owing to tha
cheapness of tallow and some other ingredients used in its man
ufacture, is said to be saperior to any imported soap. Succesi
to all duch enterprises. They add to the wealth of the country
ana should be encouraged.
wljutl tlivuuiuutli Mil fits exiirtenr:i
It is well to enquire if its present organization and system has
I proved to be the one best adapted to secure and promote tha
great onjecis ior wmcn it w as lusuiuiea. in wnat respects it has
failed to answer the purpose and what have been the obstacle
that have caused such failure. .
To my mind it is clear that the great, and at present almost
insurmountable obstacle to the complete success of theSocietv is
the isolation of the Agriculturists from each other, and the diffi
culty of communication, especially with Honolulu, the heal
quarters of the Society.-" " Landi intersected by a narrow frith
abhor each other," and though here, the land3 are on good teruu
enough, yet we all without exception, abhor the narrow frith."
Our plantations and w ith but few exceptions our farmSare all oq
the Islands of Maui, Hawaii and Kauai, and in the channels
between those Islands and Oahu, rolls the roughest sea to ba
found in the Pacific. In the absence of steam navigation, it is
too much to expect of the agriculturists oa those Islamls, that
they shall come up to our Exhibitions, with their produce which
may be spoiled before it reaches Honolulu, and at a loss of time
which they can ill afford. Still less can we expect them to trust
valuable stock to the rnercy of the winds and waves. Xor can
we wonder, that when they couie themselves, and see article of
produce and stock of quality much inferior to their own, receiv
ing valuable premiums merely lecauae the exbibitora location is
convenient to the place of exhibition,, that they should feel dis
satisSed,.and lose intcrosfin the society. Nor from the above
reasons, is it t-j be wondered at, that the exhibitions of the socie
ty are meagre, and not by a-uy means a fair exhibit, either of the
capabilities of the Islands, or even of their actual productions.
1 rejvice to know that the Governmeut have at last determin
ed to provide a suitable steamer for inter-island navigation. But
one vessel will not remedy this difficulty.
For' the above and other reasans it seem to me highly desira
ble that we give up for the present, not only the annual exhib
ition, but the system of expending large amounts for premiums
of plate, etc.. As I have shown, and as experieK;e.hai fully prov
ed, the result is that the same parties, year after year, carry
away most of the prizes which lose their value, while other mem
bers from living on other Islands cfimot cnfpete for them. Un
less all the memlters of the society can enter the lists on terms of
comparative equality,. competition is destroyed, our exhibition!
lose their interest and dissatisfaction is created.
The Board of Managers arc authorized by the Constitution to
grant premiums, and 1 would propose for your consideration, ia
view of the above facts, that the annual exhibition and premi
ums be fur the pre-ent suspended. That the JioarJ of .Managers,
grant premiums" to meritorious producers, from time to tune as
they may deem advisable on satisfactory proof of merit being
shown. - That such premiums shall consist not of platev but of
superior implements imported with the premium frnd fcr that
purpose ; or of, books, money or the society's medal, at the op
tion, of the party. That the most of the" premium fund and
other available funds of the society be used in importing mare
largely than theretofore, stock, seeds, plants and implements to
be disposed of at cost or in such manner as shall seem best to
the Hoard. For instance a meritorious producer, or grazier,
whether bn this or other Islands, might have the use for a liniU
ed time of the society's imported stock to cross with his own an
imals. By these means I think the fund sit the society might be
employed to more advantage than at present and its usefulness
aud jMipuIarity much increased. It would be highly desirable
that the society should have a room in Honolulu as its head
quarters, where the members could have access to the books ani
periodicals of the society, and where specimens of what are, and
what might be produced here, could be exhibited. The society
has several books and receives agricultural ieriodical3 which are
now , inaccessible from its having no public place of deposit.
"When our society was first organized it wa proposal to cre
ate native auxiliary societies, and committees on each Island
were apiointed for this object; owing however to the apathy of
the people and the dirhculty of communication also, nothing in
this way was accomplish id.' His Majesty however with a desire
to awaken industrious hs.bits and promote agriculture among hi
people, that doe.3 him great honor, has taken the lead in the for
mation of the National Agricultural Society of which he is the
I'resident, from which we hope good results. The new society
has our most cordial wishes for its success. Oui objects and our
interests are identical, and if the united efforts and wishes of the
two societies can be crowned with success, a brighter day will
dawn on Hawaii than any that has yet been seen in its history.
: Counterfeit Silver. We would caution store
keepers, and all who are in the .way of taking silver
money, to be on the lookout for a counterfeit rupee
tvxiv uuaicuu uunur, wnicn nave, within tiie paai.
few days gained an extensive circulation. The rupees
are evidently new, although- bearing the date of
liiey are much lighter than the genuine rupee, and
can easily be detected if the attention is 11h1 to them.
That they have obtained a general circulation there
is ho doubt, as we were informed yesterday by R se
gar vender that he had taken three in Jie course of
the day. . They appear to have been made here, and
to be entirely new. The quarters are not so easy of
detection, but may be known by a peculiar whiteness,
which the genuine quarters do not ' possess. &U
California. , - - - - . '.
loss at which these Estates have been sold, docs not
fiiCing off in the pronta or tue Business for j
- -L - K.