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CORZBSSHCZAXi. THURSDAY, NOV. 6, 1850. The arrival of sixteen or eighteen whalehip since our last Issue haa imparted a lively aspect to our harbor and town. bare now la port about forty vessels, all told, with five or six new arrivals each day. In our memoranda will be found the latest reports from about 120 whalers yet to arrive. When it is that each vessel coming in with 1,000 barrels cf oil pays off to her officers and crew some $3,000, a large portion cf ... . v t,a tracaol aail ff.1in. it VT1U Dc waicn is Epeni on eaure ucwic .- . -D eea what an impetus must be given to all kinds of trade here. The later arrivals from the North, as usual in farmer years, im proves the general average of the fleet, and we judge that the Season's average will be fully up to our highest figure mentioned a few weeks since, viz :-900 bbls to each vessel. If th:s citi mate be true, the sason will be a profitable one to the fleet. A new feature has arisen In the dispatch of tone for . the United States. The manifest of the Yankee will show some 60,000 lbs. bone shipped with clean bills lading through to New Tork, at lie per pound, covering all expenses. A clipper line of packets receive It at San TranciBCo, and as they generally carry "dry" merchandise, we think this will ia time become a favorite mode of sending bone home. The Fly ing Cloud will probably take the bone ehipped by the Yankee, and land it In New York in 120 days after leaving this port. Ilih prices are cow ruling in the Eastern States Sir whalebone, (caused no dour by the fancies of the ladies for balloon skirts.) During the past week we have had only one departure for the Coast, the Flying Dart, which sailed for Koloa to take in a cargo of sweet potatoes. She will leave Koloa about the 6th or 8th, and probably take 1200 or 1500 bbls of very fine potatoes. The Yankee sails to-morrow for San Francisco and takes a full freight, consisting in part of about 10 ton3 beef tallow, SO tons rice, 20 tons sugar, 50 tons salt, 50 tons oranges, 30 tons assor'd case goods, and 40 to 60,000 lbs. bone. "We go to press before her manifest is made out. The whaling bark George was sold at auction yesterday, by order of the assignees of Swan & Clifford. Tho vessel was put tip as she lay, with boats, sails, rigging and fixtures, and sold for $3,G00 cash, Messrs. Melchers & Co. being the purchasers. he will require a large outlay to refit her for sea, but is yet a good vessel for whaling. On. and Bone. "We hear of a sale of 75 bbl3. at 56c per gal. Consular rates in paying off crews are 40c for whale, $1 00 for fperm, and 35c for bone. Rice. Considerable sale3 have taken place, and we notice a tale of 60,000 lbs., for export by the Yankee, on private terms. The supply cf inferior qualities is still large. Scgak. We notice no change in prices, which hold at 6J (& 1 per lb. Stock is not large. Coffee. Stock ia market small held at 12ic fur green 14c for Kona coffee. Exciusge holds firm at 12 (3) 11 per cent, for Whalers' Bills on the U. S. LATEST DATES, received at this Oflice. Ship Alssandtr Co&n, Captain Parrington, ran ia thick fcs on one of the Kuril Islands. After great diS- ptlu Ifer in at all, leaking at thePrllS?even whilst lying still in the harbor. The ship was bought by the master cf a Russian vessel Capt. P. ship :t5 r w oil on board the Rebecca Sims, and part on board the Metacom and Menkar, at the rate of 20 cents per gallon freight to the U.S. xne toiai amount suipyeu, v stand, was about 2,000 barrels."" Quite a number of ships received damage from contact with tv onH will renuire considerable rtDaira upon their return to Honolulu. The loss of anchors and chains have been much leas than the two preceding years. T. T. Docgukrtt. The following report U the latest from these vessels : Italy, Weld, Hudson, Marston, Wm. Thompson, Callao, Howland, Triton, White, Arnolda, Sarrent, Emerald, Halleck, Omop, Sanborn, Albion, Hinds, Endeavour, Horsely, Martha, Drake, Thomas Nye, Smith, Cornelius Howland, Luce, Navy, Wood, Trident, Oregon, Eldridjjre, Wm. Badger, Braley, Splendid, Nimrod, Omega, Hawes, Navigator, Fisher, TOO Petrel. 1 Rror?nza Jackson. 400 Salamander, uu Cleone, Simmons, 12 wh Good Return, Winjf, 1200 Wm. Thompson, White, 1000 Triton, Dorin, SCO Arab, Grinnel, 600 Illinois, Covell, 1 wh 4wh 3 " 4 2 ' 5 " 450 250 700 700 450 275 350 450 20 2wh 750 350 400 20 THE PACIFIC Commercial Advertiser, L. C. Richmond, Cochran, 1000 Coral, Manchester, 500 Adeline Gibbs, Pomeroy, 900 Ocmulgee, 500 Robert Morrison, Pease, 1300 Pocahontas, Butler, 2 wh Janus, Window, 2 " Lydia, Leonard, 30 George Washington, Allen, 200 Ohio, Barrett, 600 Parachute, Corey, 3 rh J. D. Thompson, Waterman, 300 Northern Light, Chapel, The Flying Cloud, as we learn from Capt. Pierce, cf the Robin Hood, was to load at San Francisco for New York, and would not therefore come to this port to load oil. RErORT OF BRIG AGATE. Off and about St. Paul's in the month of September : Ori zimbo, Rowley, 700; Cleone, 1100; Albion, 800; Callao, Row land, oOO; jsevr England, fcmith, 400; Hudson, bUO; James Maury, Curry, 400. VESSELS IN PORT.-OV. 5. II. B. M. Ship Ilavannah, Ilarvey. II. I. M.'s corvettte Embuscade, Gizolme. Am clipper sh John Gilpin, Ring, loading oil and bone for U.S. Am bk Yankee, Smith, soon for San Francisco. Br. bk Cynthia, for freight or charter. Am. clipper ship Pampero, Coggins, loading oil. Br. bk Ariana, Zifuentes, soon for Manila. Am. sch E. L. Frost, Hempstead. Am. sh Gladiator, Whitfield, loading oil. 44 Br. brigantiue, . San Francisco -Panama, N. O. 'New Yok, London -Paris . Hongkong Sydney, N. S. W. Tahiti - Oct. 11 Sept. 15 Sept. 5 Aug. 22 Aug. 20 July 25 June 13 July 10 Ships Mails -For San Fraxcisco ; per Yankee, Friday, 10 A. M. iFor Lahaina, per Kamoi, on Friday. Tor IIilo, per Kamamalu, soon. Tor Kauai This day. POUT OP HONOLULU, H. I. ARRIVALS. (For full reports of Whalers arrived, see Shipping List on 4.th page.) Oct. 30. Am clip, sh .Robbin Hood, Pierce, 18 days from San Francisco, bound on to Shanghae sailed same day. 30. Am wh sh Ilibernia, Hunnewell, fm IIilo, 450 wh. 30. Am sch E. L. Frost, Hempstead, fm Shantar Bay. SO Haw. schs John Young, aud Louisa, both from Kauai. 31. Sch Liholiho, Thurston, fm IIilo, Hawaii. Nov. 1. 44 Kamamalu, fm Molokai. 1 Haw wh bg Victoria, Cor3en, fm Arctic, 400 wh, 4.500 lbs bone. 1. Am wh ship Monta.uk, French, from Ochotsk, 970 wh, 1. m " Sarah Swift, fm Ochotsk, 900 wh, 16,000 lbs bone. 1 Am wh sh Kutusoff, Wing, fm Kamschatka, 1000 wh, 10,000 lbs bone. . Am wh sh Frances Henrietta, Drew, 1100 wh this sea son, 14,000 lbs bone. 1 Am sh Gladiator, Whitfield, 21 ds from San Francisco. 1. Fr wh sh Manche, Lalaaae, 1)00 wh this season, 9000 lbs bone. 1. Am wh sh Eliza Adams, nawes, fm Ochotsk, 2050 wh, ,wu ios Done. Bark George. Ship Bart. Gosnold, Stebbins. Charles Carroll, Tuttle. Huntsville, Grant. Syren Queen, Phillips. Mogul, Clark. Bark Lark, Kibbling. Sarah sheaf, Loper. Black Eagle, Edwards. James Andrews, Kelly. Ship John Howland, Taylor. " Lancaster, Carver. Montauk, French. Henry Kneel and, whaler, WHALER3. Bri; u it (t Victoria, Cor3en. Fr. sh Manche, Lalanne. Ship Sarah, Swift. 44 Eliza Adams, Ilawes. 44 Kutusoff, Wing. 44 Francis Henrietta, Brew. 44 Nauticon, Luce. 44 Fabius, Wing. 44 Com. Preble, Prentice. Fr. sh Pallas, Couppey. Ship Florida, Williams. Bark Baltic, Brouson. " Robt. Morrison, Pease. Coasters in Port Sch Pfiel, Schierenbeck, repairing. Kamoi, Chadwick, soon for Lahaina. Kamehamena IV., Gulick, repairing. Kamamalu, soon for IIilo. John Dunlap, Candage. Excel, Antonio, for Kauai. Maria, Peterson. Rialto, Molteno, soon for Maui. SPECIAL BUSINESS AUT1UE. Persons de3irou3 of mailing papers, can procure them at our counter neatly done tip In wrappers, five copies for 50 cent3, or twelve copies fr a dollar. Tszxs. Sue Dollars per annum. Single Copies 12J cents each. AGEXTS FOB THE COilMERCIAL ADVERTISER. Lahaina, Maui -Makawao, E. Maui IIilo, Hawaii Kawaihae, Hawaii Kona, Hawaii -Koioa, Kauai - -San Fra?icisco, Cat New Bedford and U. S. C. S. BARTOW, Esq. -L. L. -TORBERT, Eq. Capt. J. WORTH. Capt. J AS. A. LAW. TUOS. II. PARIS, Esq. Dr. J. W. SMITH. L. P. FISnER, Esq., Mer. Ex. B. LLNDSEY, Ed. Ship last. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 0. Next to the printing press, the steam engine is now regarded as the most powerful agent in the spread of commerce and civilization throughout the world. The press, by its diffusion 01 knowledge in every branch of science, literature and art, wields an all- powerful influence over the intellect and mind of man. But while the press thus aids the mind, the steam engine aids in no less degree the arm, increasing IMPORTS, Sax FrAn-cISCO per ship John Gilpin : 200 bbls beef, 6 casks tow lines, 160 bbls beef and pork, 10 casks bread, 5 do wh line, 8 do flour, 5 cs mdse, 2 boxes specie. Per sch E. L. Frost : IS cases champagne, 22 do claret, 10 do brandy, 5 do Madeira, 3 doz gin in stone, 4 cords wood, 30 small spars, 1 case clothing, 3 pkgs guns, 1 copper cooler, 1 mincing machine, 1 hose-tub aud hose, 3 iron stalle anchors, 5 chain cables, 5 pkgs oil, 800 bbls whalebone. Per ship Gladiator : 11 anchors, 3 chain cables, SO cords oak wood, $10;000 coin, 193 boxe3 of codfish.;; EXPORTS. For New Bedford per bark Cossack: transshipped from bark James Andrews, 14,173 gallons oil. PASSENGERS. V From San Francisco per John Gilpin Th os. Clayht, Wm Naylor. For Sax Francisco per Flying Dart Mr. Jones and daugh ter. Fc San Francisco per Yankee Mrs. A. G. Jones and familv. QW. Luce, John Rivett, Capt. A. Tuttle, Mr. F. Way, Wong chong. DIED 2. Am wh sh Nanticon, Luce, fm Ochotsk, 700 wh, 8,S00 ids oonc. A 2. Am wh ship Fabius, Winsr, fm Och., 40 sp, 1400 we; 12,000 lbs bone. An this city, Nov. 1st, Frederick Hanks Everktt, son of A. 2. Am wh sh Com. Preble, Prentice, fm Och., 1100 wh, P. Everett, Esq., aged six months and nine days. 16,000 lbs bone. In this city, Oct. 31, Hugh John, infant son of Jeremiah and 2. Am wh sh Emerald, Halleck, fm Och., 140 sp, 500 wX Margaret O'Neil, aged five months. , t uw ios Done. 2. Am wh sh Florida, Williams, 975 wh, 10,000 lbs bone. 2. Fr wh sh Pallas, Couppey, fm Och., 850 wh 9000 bn, 3. Haw sch John Duulap, Candacre, fm Kauai. 4. Am wh bark Baltic, Bronson, from Lahaina (outside.), sails to-day for New Zealand. . 5. Am wh 6h Robt. Morrison, Pease, fm Och., 115 sperm 1,3C0 whale. (N.B. By a mistake of the printer, the report of this vessel on the 4th page is given to the Robt. Edwards. 5- Br. brigantine Banner of Bristol, 35 days from Callao. 6. Am. brig Agate, Allen, last from Fox Islands, 100 bbls. oil, lot of bone, &c. Previously reported lost. 6. Am. whale ship Henry Kneeland, Whalon, 50 sperm, 300 whale 5. Haw. schr Kamcl, Chadwick, 4S houre from Lahaina. (Four whalers from Lahaina lying off and on.) DEPARTURES. Nor. Oct. SO. Sch Rialto, Molteno, for Lahaina. ou. ocu rvamoi. vu-iawicK, ior Aanama. . 1. H. B. M.'s ship Alarm. Curry, for Valparaiso. 1- Haw. sch John Young, Taber, for Koloa. 2. Am sch Flying Da.t, Freeman, for San Francisco. 3. Am wh bk Cossack, Tripp, fur New Bedford. 4. . 44 ffeptune, Comstock, to cruise off Cala. 4. Sch Liholiho, Thurston, for Hilo, Hawaii. MEMORANDA. mZPOET OF THE SCHOONER E. L. FK03T," FBOJf S HAST A3 BAT, OCHOTSK S'U. PREPARED BT T. T. DOCGHERTT. ESQ. 1000 - Robin Hood, McGinley, 'Manuel Ortez, Heustis, E. F. Mason, Jernigan, - Lewis, Allen, Warren, Wilcox, Ontario, Tooker, -Gen. Wiliiam:, Miller, Montezuma, Forsyth, tJowper, Dean, 650 Republic, Austen, dvj uussave, uuae3, 900 : Jason, 2000 Roaseau, Pope, 650 Rman, Devol, 1200 , Vernon, Gardner, 1650 ; Ocean, Norton, 400' r : 55Q! Young Phoenix, Toby, J 800 1000 400 500 350 500 IS whs Chandler Price, Adlbruok, 1100 v c xt.. C1000 oiL EnMn. Pendleton. 700 S- Pms, Fish, i g. J ' linger..?, Pendleton, Beuj. Tucker, Barber, Venice, Lester, Harvest, Spencer, Delaware, Iloraan, ; Chaa. Carroll, Hunting, George & Mary, Walker, Phosnix, Williams, Montreal, Grey, , Abraham Barker, Junior, Andrews, Dartmouth, Heath, Harmony, Hempstead, Hawaii, Cook, Cambria, Pease, Newton, Sherman, George, Jenny, Onward, Norton, Electra, Brown, Natchez, Bellows, United States, Holt Canton Packet, Borden, Pacific, Snell, Franklin, Richmond, .Jirah Swift, Earl, Prudent, Hamilton, Maringo, Skinner, Maria, Theresa,Davi 700 i - , sooo kn 800! Phillip 1st, Slsson, 1200 00 1 Adeline Gibbs, Pomeroy, 1300 1000 India, Long, 1900 750 ! California, Manchester, 500 1000 j Chas. Phelps,Layton, 12 whales. 800 1100 1100 800 900 750 1000 1000 1750 1100 1200 900 1000 350 1100 1000 3?0 150 500 -600 700 600 lOOOiCorea, Fish. 1500 1 Omeira. Sanborn. Champion, Grey, Europa, Pease, Washington, Holly, Barnstable, Fisher, General Scott, Clough, Shefileld, Oreen, Oscar, Cross, Congress, Stranburg, Euphrates, Killmer, Three Brothers, Cleveland, Corinthian, Russell, Alice, Penny, Olympia, Ryan, Moctezuma, Tinker, Draper, Sandford, Menkar, Bloom field, Metacom, Woodbridge, Rebecca Sims, Gavitt, Hoogley, Cole, ueita, uubey, COO 400 400 250 700 500 500 650 650 400 700 12o0 200 1000 600 500 900 900 900 700 The above report only includes the Shanter Bay fi-et, the ma jority of thera whaling in and about the Bay at the time of our leaving. The ice this season has been in larzer bodies an,i,. turned In the Bay longer than at any other period which has materially affected the whaling in consequence of the whales running under the ice the moment they were struck, and tha boats obliged to cut to save them3;lves from being stove ; the ice continued in the Bay till after the 20th of August,there being but few whales. Many of the ships intend stopping late in hopes that the whales may return as they ha ve heretofore. Brig Tarquina, belonging to Messrs. Allen & Co., was stove in the ice, her stem wrenched entirely off about 2 inches inside of the wood ends, and her stern-post started off about 2 inches being at the time surrounded with heavy ice, aud leaking badly j after a few days the ice opened and they succeeded in reaching the harbor of STicklestoff, IsLmdof Fickiestoff, where the vessel raa hauled up at high water, and a survey held upon her to aacertain the practicability of repairing her for a voyage to Hon-luli---th purveyors pronouncing i. to impossible to repair her Ao perform the voyage with the mwvns at Capt. Weaver's com saand, iad recommended for the benefit of all concerned, that the Vessel be condemned, and sold Co the highest bidder, which was accordingly done, and was purchased by Capt. Fisher, of tip Bamstuble. ' Ship Mount Vernon, Capt. Nye, was stove by the ice, in Shantar Bay, about the 12th day of Jane, and commenced to filL The Barnstable at that time being close at hand, Captain Nye told and abandoned the vessel to Capt. Fisher of the Barnstable who Buceeedei in saving all hands and about 190 barrels of cperxn on, vaa some iew wbw articles me vessel at th time about full of water, and in a short time sunk. PLACES OF WORSHIP. SEAMEN'S . BETnEL Rev. S. C. Damon Chaplain King street, near the Sailors' nome. Preaching on Sundays at 11 A. M. and 7 P. M. Seats free. Sabbath School after the morning services. FORT STREET CHURCH Services at present in the Court House, up stairs Rev. J. D. Strong, Pastor. Preaching on Sundays at 11 A. M. and 7b P. M. Seats free. Sab bath School meets at 10 A. M. METHODIST CHURCH Nuuanu avenue, corner of Tutui bireet Rev. Wm. S. Turner, Pastor. Preaching every Sunday at 11 A. M. and 7J P. M. Seats free. Sabbath School meets at 10 A. M. KING'S CHAPEIj King street, above the Palace Rev. E. W. uiars Pastor. lTilpit every Sunday at 9 V A. M. and 3 P. M CATHOLIC CHURCH Fort street, near Beretania under the charge of lit. Rev. Bishop Maigret, assisted by Abbe Modeste. Services every Sunday at 10 A. M. and 2 P. M. SMITH'S CHURCH Beretania street, near Nuuanu street Rev. Lowell Smith Pastor. Services, ia Hawaiian, every cuuuajf at iu a. iix. ana r. in. man's power a thousand fold, and thus increasing the amount of labor that he is able to perform. Both these agencies, when free and working together, tend to unite the different parts of a nation, as well as to bring together the remote nations of the earth, and to give them a greater influence over each other. But it is especially when the steam engine is applied as a motive power to vessels that its influence is felt perhaps the greatest. "California and Oregon would never have been what they now arc, even with their gold-producing valleys, but for the aid of steam, which has served thein in travel and trade, beyond all former experience. Next to her gold fields, it is the steam engine, in connection with the press, and united with that indomitable energy which has ac companied them, that has built up along the bays, rivers, and valleys of California, the flourishing cities and villages which there exist. It is the steam engine that now ministers to the wants of her population, adding yearly to their wealth, and contributing to their comfort and happiness. We stated in our last issue that the charter which was granted in 1853 to the Hawaiian Steam Naviga tion Company by this Government, giving to that Company the monopoly of steaming among these Islands for ten years, had been annulled by the Supreme Court, as the company had not complied with the. terms of their charter. The following is the decision cf the Court in the matter, as published in the Polynesian : "In conclusion, We would say that, if we Were able to discover a bona fide intention ort the part of the comnanv to carrv nut their contract and famish the Islands with the requisite steam facilities, we should long hesitate to decree their privileges for feited ; but this we cannot discover, while on the contrary, it appears plain to us, upon the most satisfactory evidence, that there is and has been a lack of any such intention. We think that justice, equity, and a due regard for the public good, require that other parties who may be willing to furnish the requisite steam facilities for the Islands, should no longer be prevented from so doing, by the exclusive privileges conferred upon Garret W. Ryckman and others. We think the Company have forfeited the privileges of their grant, and we see no good reason why we should not declare the same forfeited, under the powers conferred upon this Court by the 13th Article of the same grant. We do, accordingly, adjudge and decree all the exclusive rights and pri vileges, and. exemptions, granted by the Hawaiian Government to Garret W. Ryckman, Emery T. Pease, William A. Lighthall, Perry G. Childs, and Richard II. Bowlin, associated under the name and style of the Hawaiian Steam Navigation Company, and their associates and successors, to be forfeited, and we here- ; by " declare the same forfeit." ; In making this decision, the Court has not only decreed justice in the case, but has expressed the unanimous will of the public. Monopolies, as a gen eral thing, are injurious to the prosperity of a coun try. Sometimes they may be productive of more good than evil, but not often. It is ifnfortunate for our young Kingdom that both these agents of commerce the steam engine and the printing press have here tofore been fettered by monopolies and restrained from a full development of their power by a misjudged policy of the government a policy which at the time of its adoption was deemed wise, but has proved detrimental in both cases to the commercial interests of the nation. Free and unrestrained competition in every business is always productive of the best results. At the time the monopoly in steam was granted, it was believed that the parties who asked for it were fully able and ready to carry out the requirements of their contract jbut experience has shown that such belief was mcbrrect, for up to the day of the annulling of the charter, no steamer has ever been built by the Company for inter-island navigation, nor has one ever becjviatroducied at all adapted to the trade. supplied at present bv Rev Messrs. Armstrong and Bishop. Service, in TT.iwniian 1 yTVm Pn . . - J M I Xj'VXX lf liVf II Illill lilt. I iULI I HI W B H WniVlftfl ,T Wl A. vtuio PLACES OP AMUSEMENT. ROYAL HAWAIIAN THEATER Corner of notcl and Alakea 6treets Messrs. Graves & Wilder Managers. Perform anee, every other night in each week. pout op ii-aisiiiitfii, Ttfiiiui ARRIVALS Slanchester, fm Och., SO sp, 950 wh, Oct. 23 Am wh bark Wolga, CroweU, fm Och., 8 sp, 1000 wh 13,000 bone. 31 Am wh sh Kosseau, Pope, fm Och- 300 wh, 4000 bone. 21- Am wh sh Ocmulgee, West, fm Och., 85 sp. 1000 wh, 7000 bone. 31. Am wh sh Good Return, Wing, fm Kamschatka, 1.400 n 11, iuvu U'JUC. Nov. 1 Am wh bark Clsone, Simmons, from Kodiac 1.600 wh io,uw oone. 1. Asa wh sh Majestic, Percival fin Och., 250 wh, 2000 1U3 WUC. 1. Am wh sh Coral 10,006 bone. 1. Am wh sh Omega, nawes, fm Och., 500 wh, 4000 bone. 1 Am wh sh Cor. Howland, Luce, fm Och- 600 wh, S000 lbs bone. 1 Am wh ship Henry Kneeland, Whalon, fm Och., 50 sp. 300 wh, 3000 bone. 1 1 Am wh sh Jeannette, Pierce, fm Japan, 30 sp, 690 wh. 6000 bone. ' ' 1 -Am wh sh Petrel, Tucker, fm Arctic, 530 wh, 4000 bn. 3. Am wh sh Wm. Thompson, Whits, fm Kodiac, 1000 wh 8000 bonv. ' 3. Am wh sh Washington, Holly, fm Och., 950 wh, 12,000 lbs bone. 3 Am wh sh Columbia, Folger, fin Bonnin Island, 100 sp. 3. Am wh sh Braganza, J ackson, fm Kam , 900 w, 7000 b. 3. Am wh sh Menkar, BlooraSeld, fm Och., 300 w, 3500 b. 3. Am wh sh Wm. C. Nye, Soule, fm N. Zealand, 900 wh, 9000 bone. . Presidential Election. Last Tuesday, Nov. 4th, was the day for election of the President of the U. S. , in which political ptrife the whole American people were probably engaged to a degree never before known. Itis utterlv impossible to nrediet here the " result of the contest, but we have been furnished with the following extract from a letter lately received from an old politician, in New York State, who ia well posted up" in political matters : "New York, Aug. 1856. -There is nothing lieard of now save politics. - The whole country is in ablaze of excitement, discussion, &c. I think there is noi a contingency of the elec tion of Air. Buchanan. He will doubtless be elected by the. people. Mr. Fillmore has many of the old line ahigs, but such men as Itufus Choate hare very generally given their adhesion to . Mr. Buchanan. I think the Republicans would have done more and probably carried the north had they not been so fool ish as to talk of disunion ; and they have manufactur ed too many dead men in Kansas. The fight there has been a humbug, north and south, and the fa,rce ia about played out," sent down from San Francisco the fir. B. IVheeler. a frail North river boat, totally unfit to go out of sight of land. And although the boat did manage to run between the Islands for a year or two, yet on several occasions her escape from disaster was only a miracle. Then came the Sea Bird, a staunch boat of her class, but in size entirely out of proportion for the service needed. Lastly came the West Point, a poor worth less boat, with weak machinery -and a patched-up boiler, picked up for service here after having been laid aside as unfit even for the inland California service, and which ought to have been condemned on her first arrival here. Neither of the three boats sent here by the Company were built for or adapted to the inter-island navigation, which, as we all know is over rough channels and subject in the winter months to strong gales. The Sea Bird, after a few trips, returned to San Francisco; the West Point, owning to her poor machinery, or some other cause, was lost at Koloa, Kauai ; and the remaining boat, the fir. B. Wheeler or Akamai, has been used for the last year as a tow boat for this harbor, but is now laid by. la the matter of inter-island navigation we are about as badly off as we were ten years ago, when a week was a short passage from Kauai to Oahu, only 125 miles and ten days from Honolulu to Hilo, (280 miles ) was something worth recording, as very remarkable. The coast is once more clear for the introduction of steamers by any parties at home or abroad who may choose to do so. There are no legil obstuctions existing, and we think that none wUl hereafter be raised, should any individual or company choose to undertake the establishment of intcr-island steamers But who i3 t0 underUke it , If donQ at aU u " either be by the Government, by domestic capital or by foreign capital. As a general rule, it is not wise for governments to undertake what properly belongs to individual enterprise, so long as there is any change that private enterprise will' supply the wants of the country. Government work is usually executed with double the outlay which is required when private capital is employed, or if bounden contracts are made the work is too often performed only in A superficial manner. When it becomes clear, however, that private enterprise cannot or will not undertake work absolutely needed, it is right and proper that the work should be undertaken bv the If individual capital however, can, be induced to establish a line of steamers among these islands it would be but justice for the government to aid the undertaking, not only by granting every facilitv needed, bufc by offering a bonus for the establishing -. , i of the line. Without making a monopoly, an annual grant by ".his Government of $5,000 to any company which would introduce two or three suitable steamers and sustain them in compliance with certain pro visions, would bo far cheaper than for it to undertake the work itself. Such a bonus might be discontinued whenever the line of steamers becomes profitable to its owners. . . We dcubt whether private capital here at the islands can ever be brought to establish a steam line among the group. Capital is too limited, and com mands too high a premium to be withdrawn from other channels, for so great an outlay as this would require. Our only hope then is to induce foreign capitalists to embark m the enterprise. There can be no doubt that a company with abundant means to procure suitable vessels, and to establish them in the trade, would after the first twelve months receive a handsome return on their investment. We have good grounds for this belief in the fact that the steamer West Point, poor as she was, was building up a profitable trade at the time she was lost. She ran mostly to Kauai, and averaged a trip each week, her receipts being about double her expenses, while on her last trip, in which she was wrecked, her receipts would have been four times her expenses. A faster and more commodious vessel would do a much better business. But ichat kind of vessels are wanted ? This is per haps the most important question connected with the subject of inter-island navigation, and one on which there is difference of opinion. Some hold that side wheel boats are the only kind that will answer, but others, competent engineers, think propellers would be found best. For large vessels and ocean steam ships there can be no doubt that side wheels are the most reliable; but for smaller vessels, especially where rigged with spars and sails (a convenience, if not a necessity in the island trade) propellers have been found less expensive and less liable to damage. The size needed is from 250 to 350 tons measurement. A vessel of larger tonnage would be found too expensive. There is a class of English propellers of about the above sizes, running as coasters between England and the European ports, rigged with schooner or brig rig, which are used in the rough channels, and which would probably be serviceable here where the trade wind blows steadily for eight or nine months, and can generally be relied on in passages from East to West. A merchant, speaking the other day about steam- filial .V 1 "1 ers, suggested mat tne gun-ooats in tnc Xiiigiisn navy, a large number of which have recently been built, might be found adapted as coasters here. It is quite likely, now that the war is ended, an applica tion from this Government to purchase one or two of them at cost would be acceded to. They have these good qualities that they are strongly built, and fit ted with powerful engines' ; but whether their capa cities for freight and passengers could be adapted to our wants is another question. We suppose their cost,asidefrom their armament, is not far from 4,000 to 5,000 each, as they are built plain and for ser vice only. In conclusion, we would state for the benefit of any parties who might feel an interest in the matter, that no steam vessel should be sent here that is not fully adapted to the trade, and pronounced so by those who have been here and know the wants of the Islands. We are informed that there are parties in New York who are anxious to establish steamers herd We know of no one abroad who is so fully conversant with this . subject, or in whose judgment we should place greater confidence thanWm. A. Lighthall, Esq., now connected with the Vanderbilt line in New York, who wa3 formerly in the employ of the Hawaiian Steam Navigation Company, and who proved himself a complete master of his business, and a skillful, practical engineer. A vessel built for the trade should be a propeller, that comes as near a clipper brig or large schooner as possible in her build, rig, and sea-going qualities, capable of steaming eight to ten knots an hour, and adapted to burning coal or wood as required. She should furnish good dry stowageforlOO tons freight, worth $1 or $5 per ton, capacity for carrying 50 head of cattle, at $1 per head, with good cabin accommodations for twenty to twenty-five passengers, at $5 to $10 each, according to distance, and one hundred native deck passengers, at $1 to $2 each. Two such steamers, well man aged, making weekly trips each way from Honolulu, would be found to pay a profit and largely increase the trade and trartl. Instead cf conflicting with the coasters now yremploy, they would be a real benefit to them bvincreasing the commerce and travel in the Kmgdo&fand affording to agriculturists and nlantera greater facilities for getting their produce to market. Names. Sh Flying Cloud, Sh Sua Serpent, Sh John Gilpin, Sh Gladiator, Bk Yankee, Sch Flying Dart, Clipper Race to the Sandwich Islands. "Bp.- Itwecn San Francisco and Honolulu there has plied ior a long time a class or very fast vessels, justly celebrated for their speed, and the track has always been one where more or less racing is continually going on. The weather" between the two points is generally uninterruptedly fine, 'and the strong trade winds are favorable, affording a fair test of the sail ing qualities of the competing vessels. The old fash ioned way of steering for the Islands was to stand first well to the southward, until meeting, the north ern edge of the trade winds, and then beatino- away for the port of destination." This method has been abandoned by the packets plying regularly between the two ports, which now steer as nearly straight all the way as possible, except in the winter months, when the passage is mush more difficult to make, owing to the irregularities of the trade winds. Wednesday morning, the race of the season com mences, and the following vessels, sailing within a few hours of each other, are entered for the contest. wim wnai cnances oi success we leave all to judge : Tons. Masters. Last passage. 1782 Cressy, 11 days. 1337 Whitinore, 10 days. 103S Itin.e, 12 days. 640 Whitfield, 342 Smith, 9 days". 21 hrs. 1-48 Freeman. 13 davs.' The best passaere ever marl a the clipper ship 'Kingfisher, in 1855, in nine days and twenty hours from port to port. 7f mwSiraS' the John GXpin Yankee and Flying Dart take down cargo; the Sea Serpent, Flying Cloud and Gladiator, go down in ballast. AVe snail watch the result of this race of so many crack r clipper vessels with much interest, and shall hope to receive the report of the contest by the return of the Yankee, m about 35 to 40 days. We doubt not each commander will strain every nerve to win and there will no doubt be some pretty hard " carrvl ing saiL" Lookout, boys ! stand bthThalyanlYT Hoist away the studding-sails ; splice the riuffitewe well, and some one will win. Alta, Oct. 7. We give below the result-of the " chpper race " as near as we have obtained -the facts. The race came off just as the trades had ceased for the season lience the long passages reported. The captains with whom we have conversed report fresh winds from W- for 200 or 800 miles from San Francisco, then very light breezes from S. E. to S. W. barely sufficient to fill the sails. The Sea Serpsnt, which made the shortest ran, was only in ballast, the Yankee full freighted. Their course was very nearly straight. n of 0t Honolulu' I bar S. F. Passage. Oct. 23, sch Flyins Dart, Freeman, Oct. 6, 6 P M, 16 dya 12 hr Zii t Yankee, Smith, " 8 2 P M -28, n.B.M.SAlarm! Curry. 9 ' 5y3 hrS W C'T" x lclv;r 7 13 M, ! 18 dra 13 hr 18 dya 30dysl3hri 20, John Gilpin, Ring, Not. 1, Gladiator, Whitfield, M 1ft " ll,'l2M, NOTES OF THE WEEK. Three numbers of the 4 V Commercial hiT . been issued since the departure of the last mail lor the United States. . They can bo procured at our" counter cither single cr together, in wrappers, . for mailing. i A Hawaiian Funeral. The funeral procession which accompanied the corpse of the son of John Piikoi (a chief) on Saturday last was a novel and. unusual sight, and illustrates the fondness of Hawaiians 'for display. The escort partook some what of a ludicrous imitation of royalty, consutiaic first of the lad's horse with its equipage, saddle, &a and with a pair of red-topped boots strung across th saddle. Then followed the hearse, and after it tff hundred females, all dressed in deep mourning txii mounted on horseback in Hawaiian straddle-fashion. Each female had a string of yellow lauhalas (wreaths) around her neck, with long black riding dresses, reaching to the ground. After the females cime about one hundred and fifty men, also on horsebac all dressed in black, with crape on their left arms.. After passing through the principal streets, the pro, cession went out to the new tomb recently built by Mr. Piikoi, on his farm at Waikiki, where tents had been erected, and after the coffin was deposited in tha tomb, a feast yas served up in original Hawaiian style. . Oar patrons in San Francisco are assured that their notices inserted in the ' Commercial" will re ceive a wide circulation throughout the Pacific, espe. cially among merchant and whaling vessels, which visit many ports in the South and West Pacific.. Our edition varies weekly from 900 to 1100 copies.. L. P. Fisher, Esq., at the Merchants Exchange, will! attend to any orders for us. Accident. An accident occurred on Saturday the Steam Flour MilL The " connecting rod" of the. engine broke, and there being a high pressure of steam on, the engine had its own way for a short time, slinging the rod around, and breaking other parts of the engine. In attempting to let off the steam or water from the boiler, the Chinaman tend ing the engine got very severely scalded. The delay in grinding was only for a day or two, the mill being again at work. EST' By a notice in another column it will be seen, that the Annual Meeting of the Sailor's Home Socier ty will be held on the evening of Xov.. 17, for the choice of Trustees, and other business The " Hornet' is now about completed and we' have no' doubt is meeting the wishes of its patrons. We understand; from the managcr,that its apartments are well filled and that thec6nvcnienccs and comforts afforded are anpreciavi by those who stOD at the Home. olulu Harbor. It may-be a matter of interest to captains and merchants- abroad' to know, that this port is now furnished with a new tow-boat of sufficient strength to tow in. any ship. that may visit this place. She is placed und,er the charge of the pilots.. It adds, much to the safety of any port to have the aid of a. good steamer, but here it has always been considered a necessity.. The channel of the harbor is now beinj accurately re-surveyed by the officers of H. B JL'g Ship Havannah, and we learn that the surreys mae thus far show a depth of 23 feet on the lee side of the channel, which side has been rarely used owing to its proximity to the reef,. but now with. aid of a tuf vessels of that draught can with safety be brought in at high tide. The survey, however,, was undertaken,, mainly to determine whether it is practicable to cut another channel into the harbor, or alter the presenti one. . - W We have been requested by Capt. Jas. Smith and others to notice the charge made in the last Polynesian against the clipper ship Sea- Serpent, of stealing a boat from the harbor and setting it adrift Capt. Smith, K. Coady, Louis Anthon, and several others residents were on board the S. S., and left her after she got under weigh, and we are requested by them to say that the statement is wholly unfounded" and unjust. Capt. Whitmore has been here several times before, and we are sure would never allow such an act by any one on board his- vessel. It is partic ularly annoying to strangers to be so charged, espe cially after they have left and the charge is made on behalf of the government. Two or three weeks ago, we were assured that the statements made in the Polynesian about Capt, Coggins demanding pay for his ballast, were untrue. We requested hi denial in writing, but it was not furnished to- us in time; hence the appearance of Capt. C.'s denial of it in the Polynesian of the 26th. Mr. Hoare has also called on us, and stated that the Polynesian had done bin injustice, by giving a wrong impression in regard to his taking 400 tons of ballast from a clipper and losing $150 by it, whereas he gave the whele facts in the matter to the Polynesian, and stated that he sold the ballast again, and insteadof "losing, made nearly $200 out of the' job. Royal Hawaiian Theater. Since our last issue, this place of amusement has been nightly ; filled bj highly respectable audiences, and the plays have been of such a character, and performed in such a manner as to give general satisfaction. The management spare ne pains to make their Theater an agreeable place of resort, and we are glad to see that our citi zens appreciate their efforts. To-night, Mr. Wilder takes his first benefit, and we hope it will be a jum per. The bill lie offers is a good one, " RichelTea' and " Toodles." The character of " Cardinal Riche lieu" is one in which Mr. W. excels, and ought to be seen by all lovers of good acting Mr. Editor " Reef Knot" is a happy cognomen just now to arrest the attention of Jack. .The romantia old Lear will enlist his sympathies while the " Company of Artillery" and Household Guards" will awe him into a proper respect for authority. Jack, in hi quizical way, will only wonder by what kind of pur chase his shipmate " Reef Knot" managed to ho'nt that fabulous old King and his three daughters orer twenty centuries and land them along side , of th& Hawaiian dynasty. - " My brother " Reef Knot" seems to ignore per haps, in his military ardor he has forgotten the fact that, until the advent of the present War Administra tion, neither Artillery or Household Guards were re quired to keep the prisoners from being let loose to pveyupon peaceable citizens." They were under quite as good subjection then a3 now, and that too at a time when the constabulary, with the exception of marshal and sheriff, consisted entirely of natives, a majority, of whom understood police duties about as well as . Reef Knot" does the subject upon which he writes. Two thousand dollars was considered an ample appropriation in those pri mitive days to guard the prisoners,furni3h flags, salute visitors, and - keep up the military dignity of - His Majesty, and if I can trust my own judgm ent and that of all sensible residents, the Jving's authority iraa quite as much respected then as now. - , - Far be it from me to detract from the good nam of V Reef Knot." - He may be the worthiest of men or women. He certainly deserves well of his countryy for the sublime antique illustration he has brought to? bear upon his subject. I recommend him to th attention of tho War Department, Gecmmet. I t