I mi-- IH I IH- "qaMnmMMi i ... .... i ; .
THURSDAY, NOV. 6, 1850.
The arrival of sixteen or eighteen whalehip since our last
Issue haa imparted a lively aspect to our harbor and town.
bare now la port about forty vessels, all told, with five or six
new arrivals each day. In our memoranda will be found the
latest reports from about 120 whalers yet to arrive. When it is
that each vessel coming in with 1,000 barrels cf oil
pays off to her officers and crew some $3,000, a large portion cf
... . v t,a tracaol aail ff.1in. it VT1U Dc
waicn is Epeni on eaure ucwic .- . -D
eea what an impetus must be given to all kinds of trade here.
The later arrivals from the North, as usual in farmer years, im
proves the general average of the fleet, and we judge that the
Season's average will be fully up to our highest figure mentioned
a few weeks since, viz :-900 bbls to each vessel. If th:s citi
mate be true, the sason will be a profitable one to the fleet.
A new feature has arisen In the dispatch of tone for . the
United States. The manifest of the Yankee will show some
60,000 lbs. bone shipped with clean bills lading through to New
Tork, at lie per pound, covering all expenses. A clipper line
of packets receive It at San TranciBCo, and as they generally
carry "dry" merchandise, we think this will ia time become a
favorite mode of sending bone home. The Fly ing Cloud will
probably take the bone ehipped by the Yankee, and land it In
New York in 120 days after leaving this port. Ilih prices are
cow ruling in the Eastern States Sir whalebone, (caused no dour
by the fancies of the ladies for balloon skirts.)
During the past week we have had only one departure for the
Coast, the Flying Dart, which sailed for Koloa to take in a
cargo of sweet potatoes. She will leave Koloa about the 6th or
8th, and probably take 1200 or 1500 bbls of very fine potatoes.
The Yankee sails to-morrow for San Francisco and takes a full
freight, consisting in part of about 10 ton3 beef tallow, SO tons
rice, 20 tons sugar, 50 tons salt, 50 tons oranges, 30 tons assor'd
case goods, and 40 to 60,000 lbs. bone. "We go to press before
her manifest is made out.
The whaling bark George was sold at auction yesterday, by
order of the assignees of Swan & Clifford. Tho vessel was put
tip as she lay, with boats, sails, rigging and fixtures, and sold
for $3,G00 cash, Messrs. Melchers & Co. being the purchasers.
he will require a large outlay to refit her for sea, but is yet a
good vessel for whaling.
On. and Bone. "We hear of a sale of 75 bbl3. at 56c per gal.
Consular rates in paying off crews are 40c for whale, $1 00 for
fperm, and 35c for bone.
Rice. Considerable sale3 have taken place, and we notice a
tale of 60,000 lbs., for export by the Yankee, on private terms.
The supply cf inferior qualities is still large.
Scgak. We notice no change in prices, which hold at 6J (&
1 per lb. Stock is not large.
Coffee. Stock ia market small held at 12ic fur green 14c
for Kona coffee.
Exciusge holds firm at 12 (3) 11 per cent, for Whalers' Bills
on the U. S.
LATEST DATES, received at this Oflice.
Ship Alssandtr Co&n, Captain Parrington, ran
ia thick fcs on one of the Kuril Islands. After great diS-
ptlu Ifer in at all, leaking at
thePrllS?even whilst lying still in the harbor. The ship
was bought by the master cf a Russian vessel Capt. P. ship
:t5 r w oil on board the Rebecca Sims, and part on
board the Metacom and Menkar, at the rate of 20 cents per
gallon freight to the U.S. xne toiai amount suipyeu, v
stand, was about 2,000 barrels.""
Quite a number of ships received damage from contact with
tv onH will renuire considerable rtDaira upon their return
to Honolulu. The loss of anchors and chains have been much
leas than the two preceding years. T. T. Docgukrtt.
The following report U the latest from these vessels :
Thomas Nye, Smith,
Cornelius Howland, Luce,
Wm. Badger, Braley,
1 Rror?nza Jackson. 400
Cleone, Simmons, 12 wh
Good Return, Winjf, 1200
Wm. Thompson, White, 1000
Triton, Dorin, SCO
Arab, Grinnel, 600
Illinois, Covell, 1 wh
L. C. Richmond, Cochran, 1000
Coral, Manchester, 500
Adeline Gibbs, Pomeroy, 900
Robert Morrison, Pease, 1300
Pocahontas, Butler, 2 wh
Janus, Window, 2 "
Lydia, Leonard, 30
George Washington, Allen, 200
Ohio, Barrett, 600
Parachute, Corey, 3 rh
J. D. Thompson, Waterman, 300
Northern Light, Chapel,
The Flying Cloud, as we learn from Capt. Pierce, cf the
Robin Hood, was to load at San Francisco for New York, and
would not therefore come to this port to load oil.
RErORT OF BRIG AGATE.
Off and about St. Paul's in the month of September : Ori
zimbo, Rowley, 700; Cleone, 1100; Albion, 800; Callao, Row
land, oOO; jsevr England, fcmith, 400; Hudson, bUO; James
Maury, Curry, 400.
VESSELS IN PORT.-OV. 5.
II. B. M. Ship Ilavannah, Ilarvey.
II. I. M.'s corvettte Embuscade, Gizolme.
Am clipper sh John Gilpin, Ring, loading oil and bone for U.S.
Am bk Yankee, Smith, soon for San Francisco.
Br. bk Cynthia, for freight or charter.
Am. clipper ship Pampero, Coggins, loading oil.
Br. bk Ariana, Zifuentes, soon for Manila.
Am. sch E. L. Frost, Hempstead.
Am. sh Gladiator, Whitfield, loading oil.
44 Br. brigantiue, .
San Francisco -Panama,
Sydney, N. S. W.
-For San Fraxcisco ; per Yankee, Friday, 10 A. M.
iFor Lahaina, per Kamoi, on Friday.
Tor IIilo, per Kamamalu, soon.
Tor Kauai This day.
POUT OP HONOLULU, H. I.
(For full reports of Whalers arrived, see Shipping List on
Oct. 30. Am clip, sh .Robbin Hood, Pierce, 18 days from San
Francisco, bound on to Shanghae sailed same day.
30. Am wh sh Ilibernia, Hunnewell, fm IIilo, 450 wh.
30. Am sch E. L. Frost, Hempstead, fm Shantar Bay.
SO Haw. schs John Young, aud Louisa, both from Kauai.
31. Sch Liholiho, Thurston, fm IIilo, Hawaii.
Nov. 1. 44 Kamamalu, fm Molokai.
1 Haw wh bg Victoria, Cor3en, fm Arctic, 400 wh, 4.500
1. Am wh ship Monta.uk, French, from Ochotsk, 970 wh,
1. m " Sarah Swift, fm Ochotsk, 900 wh, 16,000
1 Am wh sh Kutusoff, Wing, fm Kamschatka, 1000 wh,
10,000 lbs bone.
. Am wh sh Frances Henrietta, Drew, 1100 wh this sea
son, 14,000 lbs bone.
1 Am sh Gladiator, Whitfield, 21 ds from San Francisco.
1. Fr wh sh Manche, Lalaaae, 1)00 wh this season, 9000
1. Am wh sh Eliza Adams, nawes, fm Ochotsk, 2050 wh,
,wu ios Done.
Ship Bart. Gosnold, Stebbins.
Charles Carroll, Tuttle.
Syren Queen, Phillips.
Bark Lark, Kibbling.
Sarah sheaf, Loper.
Black Eagle, Edwards.
James Andrews, Kelly.
Ship John Howland, Taylor.
" Lancaster, Carver.
Henry Kneel and, whaler,
Fr. sh Manche, Lalanne.
Ship Sarah, Swift.
44 Eliza Adams, Ilawes.
44 Kutusoff, Wing.
44 Francis Henrietta, Brew.
44 Nauticon, Luce.
44 Fabius, Wing.
44 Com. Preble, Prentice.
Fr. sh Pallas, Couppey.
Ship Florida, Williams.
Bark Baltic, Brouson.
" Robt. Morrison, Pease.
Coasters in Port
Sch Pfiel, Schierenbeck, repairing.
Kamoi, Chadwick, soon for Lahaina.
Kamehamena IV., Gulick, repairing.
Kamamalu, soon for IIilo.
John Dunlap, Candage.
Excel, Antonio, for Kauai.
Rialto, Molteno, soon for Maui.
SPECIAL BUSINESS AUT1UE.
Persons de3irou3 of mailing papers, can procure them at our
counter neatly done tip In wrappers, five copies for 50 cent3, or
twelve copies fr a dollar.
Tszxs. Sue Dollars per annum.
Single Copies 12J cents each.
AGEXTS FOB THE COilMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
Lahaina, Maui -Makawao,
Kona, Hawaii -Koioa,
Kauai - -San
New Bedford and U. S.
C. S. BARTOW, Esq. -L.
L. -TORBERT, Eq.
Capt. J. WORTH.
Capt. J AS. A. LAW.
TUOS. II. PARIS, Esq.
Dr. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. FISnER, Esq., Mer. Ex.
B. LLNDSEY, Ed. Ship last.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 0.
Next to the printing press, the steam engine is now
regarded as the most powerful agent in the spread of
commerce and civilization throughout the world.
The press, by its diffusion 01 knowledge in every
branch of science, literature and art, wields an all-
powerful influence over the intellect and mind of man.
But while the press thus aids the mind, the steam
engine aids in no less degree the arm,
Sax FrAn-cISCO per ship John Gilpin : 200 bbls beef, 6 casks
tow lines, 160 bbls beef and pork, 10 casks bread, 5 do wh line,
8 do flour, 5 cs mdse, 2 boxes specie.
Per sch E. L. Frost : IS cases champagne, 22 do claret, 10 do
brandy, 5 do Madeira, 3 doz gin in stone, 4 cords wood, 30 small
spars, 1 case clothing, 3 pkgs guns, 1 copper cooler, 1 mincing
machine, 1 hose-tub aud hose, 3 iron stalle anchors, 5 chain
cables, 5 pkgs oil, 800 bbls whalebone.
Per ship Gladiator : 11 anchors, 3 chain cables, SO cords oak
wood, $10;000 coin, 193 boxe3 of codfish.;;
For New Bedford per bark Cossack: transshipped from
bark James Andrews, 14,173 gallons oil.
From San Francisco per John Gilpin Th os. Clayht, Wm
For Sax Francisco per Flying Dart Mr. Jones and daugh
ter. Fc San Francisco per Yankee Mrs. A. G. Jones and familv.
QW. Luce, John Rivett, Capt. A. Tuttle, Mr. F. Way, Wong
2. Am wh sh Nanticon, Luce, fm Ochotsk, 700 wh, 8,S00
ids oonc. A
2. Am wh ship Fabius, Winsr, fm Och., 40 sp, 1400 we;
12,000 lbs bone. An this city, Nov. 1st, Frederick Hanks Everktt, son of A.
2. Am wh sh Com. Preble, Prentice, fm Och., 1100 wh, P. Everett, Esq., aged six months and nine days.
16,000 lbs bone. In this city, Oct. 31, Hugh John, infant son of Jeremiah and
2. Am wh sh Emerald, Halleck, fm Och., 140 sp, 500 wX Margaret O'Neil, aged five months.
, t uw ios Done.
2. Am wh sh Florida, Williams, 975 wh, 10,000 lbs bone.
2. Fr wh sh Pallas, Couppey, fm Och., 850 wh 9000 bn,
3. Haw sch John Duulap, Candacre, fm Kauai.
4. Am wh bark Baltic, Bronson, from Lahaina (outside.),
sails to-day for New Zealand.
. 5. Am wh 6h Robt. Morrison, Pease, fm Och., 115 sperm
1,3C0 whale. (N.B. By a mistake of the printer, the report of
this vessel on the 4th page is given to the Robt. Edwards.
5- Br. brigantine Banner of Bristol, 35 days from Callao.
6. Am. brig Agate, Allen, last from Fox Islands, 100 bbls.
oil, lot of bone, &c. Previously reported lost.
6. Am. whale ship Henry Kneeland, Whalon, 50 sperm,
5. Haw. schr Kamcl, Chadwick, 4S houre from Lahaina.
(Four whalers from Lahaina lying off and on.)
Oct. SO. Sch Rialto, Molteno, for Lahaina.
ou. ocu rvamoi. vu-iawicK, ior Aanama.
. 1. H. B. M.'s ship Alarm. Curry, for Valparaiso.
1- Haw. sch John Young, Taber, for Koloa.
2. Am sch Flying Da.t, Freeman, for San Francisco.
3. Am wh bk Cossack, Tripp, fur New Bedford.
4. . 44 ffeptune, Comstock, to cruise off Cala.
4. Sch Liholiho, Thurston, for Hilo, Hawaii.
mZPOET OF THE SCHOONER E. L. FK03T," FBOJf S HAST A3 BAT,
OCHOTSK S'U. PREPARED BT T. T. DOCGHERTT. ESQ.
- Robin Hood, McGinley,
'Manuel Ortez, Heustis,
E. F. Mason, Jernigan,
- Lewis, Allen,
-Gen. Wiliiam:, Miller,
650 Republic, Austen,
dvj uussave, uuae3,
900 : Jason,
2000 Roaseau, Pope,
650 Rman, Devol,
1200 , Vernon, Gardner,
1650 ; Ocean, Norton,
400' r :
55Q! Young Phoenix,
Chandler Price, Adlbruok, 1100 v c xt.. C1000 oiL
EnMn. Pendleton. 700 S- Pms, Fish, i g. J
' linger..?, Pendleton,
Beuj. Tucker, Barber,
; Chaa. Carroll, Hunting,
George & Mary, Walker,
, Abraham Barker,
United States, Holt
Canton Packet, Borden,
.Jirah Swift, Earl,
700 i - , sooo kn
800! Phillip 1st, Slsson, 1200
00 1 Adeline Gibbs, Pomeroy, 1300
1000 India, Long, 1900
750 ! California, Manchester, 500
1000 j Chas. Phelps,Layton, 12 whales.
1500 1 Omeira. Sanborn.
General Scott, Clough,
Three Brothers, Cleveland,
Menkar, Bloom field,
Rebecca Sims, Gavitt,
The above report only includes the Shanter Bay fi-et, the ma
jority of thera whaling in and about the Bay at the time of our
leaving. The ice this season has been in larzer bodies an,i,.
turned In the Bay longer than at any other period which has
materially affected the whaling in consequence of the whales
running under the ice the moment they were struck, and tha
boats obliged to cut to save them3;lves from being stove ; the ice
continued in the Bay till after the 20th of August,there being but
few whales. Many of the ships intend stopping late in hopes that
the whales may return as they ha ve heretofore.
Brig Tarquina, belonging to Messrs. Allen & Co., was stove
in the ice, her stem wrenched entirely off about 2 inches inside
of the wood ends, and her stern-post started off about 2 inches
being at the time surrounded with heavy ice, aud leaking badly j
after a few days the ice opened and they succeeded in reaching
the harbor of STicklestoff, IsLmdof Fickiestoff, where the vessel
raa hauled up at high water, and a survey held upon her to
aacertain the practicability of repairing her for a voyage to Hon-luli---th
purveyors pronouncing i. to impossible to repair her
Ao perform the voyage with the mwvns at Capt. Weaver's com
saand, iad recommended for the benefit of all concerned, that
the Vessel be condemned, and sold Co the highest bidder, which
was accordingly done, and was purchased by Capt. Fisher, of
tip Bamstuble. '
Ship Mount Vernon, Capt. Nye, was stove by the ice, in
Shantar Bay, about the 12th day of Jane, and commenced to filL
The Barnstable at that time being close at hand, Captain Nye
told and abandoned the vessel to Capt. Fisher of the Barnstable
who Buceeedei in saving all hands and about 190 barrels of
cperxn on, vaa some iew wbw articles me vessel at th time
about full of water, and in a short time sunk.
PLACES OF WORSHIP.
SEAMEN'S . BETnEL Rev. S. C. Damon Chaplain King
street, near the Sailors' nome. Preaching on Sundays at
11 A. M. and 7 P. M. Seats free. Sabbath School after
the morning services.
FORT STREET CHURCH Services at present in the Court
House, up stairs Rev. J. D. Strong, Pastor. Preaching
on Sundays at 11 A. M. and 7b P. M. Seats free. Sab
bath School meets at 10 A. M.
METHODIST CHURCH Nuuanu avenue, corner of Tutui
bireet Rev. Wm. S. Turner, Pastor. Preaching every
Sunday at 11 A. M. and 7J P. M. Seats free. Sabbath
School meets at 10 A. M.
KING'S CHAPEIj King street, above the Palace Rev. E. W.
uiars Pastor. lTilpit
every Sunday at 9 V A. M. and 3 P. M
CATHOLIC CHURCH Fort street, near Beretania under the
charge of lit. Rev. Bishop Maigret, assisted by Abbe
Modeste. Services every Sunday at 10 A. M. and 2 P. M.
SMITH'S CHURCH Beretania street, near Nuuanu street
Rev. Lowell Smith Pastor. Services, ia Hawaiian, every
cuuuajf at iu a. iix. ana r. in.
man's power a thousand fold, and thus increasing the
amount of labor that he is able to perform. Both
these agencies, when free and working together, tend
to unite the different parts of a nation, as well as to
bring together the remote nations of the earth, and
to give them a greater influence over each other.
But it is especially when the steam engine is applied
as a motive power to vessels that its influence is felt
perhaps the greatest. "California and Oregon would
never have been what they now arc, even with their
gold-producing valleys, but for the aid of steam,
which has served thein in travel and trade, beyond
all former experience. Next to her gold fields, it is
the steam engine, in connection with the press, and
united with that indomitable energy which has ac
companied them, that has built up along the bays,
rivers, and valleys of California, the flourishing cities
and villages which there exist. It is the steam engine
that now ministers to the wants of her population,
adding yearly to their wealth, and contributing to
their comfort and happiness.
We stated in our last issue that the charter which
was granted in 1853 to the Hawaiian Steam Naviga
tion Company by this Government, giving to that
Company the monopoly of steaming among these
Islands for ten years, had been annulled by the
Supreme Court, as the company had not complied
with the. terms of their charter. The following is the
decision cf the Court in the matter, as published in
the Polynesian :
"In conclusion, We would say that, if we Were able to discover
a bona fide intention ort the part of the comnanv to carrv nut
their contract and famish the Islands with the requisite steam
facilities, we should long hesitate to decree their privileges for
feited ; but this we cannot discover, while on the contrary, it
appears plain to us, upon the most satisfactory evidence, that
there is and has been a lack of any such intention. We think
that justice, equity, and a due regard for the public good, require
that other parties who may be willing to furnish the requisite
steam facilities for the Islands, should no longer be prevented
from so doing, by the exclusive privileges conferred upon Garret
W. Ryckman and others. We think the Company have forfeited
the privileges of their grant, and we see no good reason why we
should not declare the same forfeited, under the powers conferred
upon this Court by the 13th Article of the same grant. We do,
accordingly, adjudge and decree all the exclusive rights and pri
vileges, and. exemptions, granted by the Hawaiian Government
to Garret W. Ryckman, Emery T. Pease, William A. Lighthall,
Perry G. Childs, and Richard II. Bowlin, associated under the
name and style of the Hawaiian Steam Navigation Company,
and their associates and successors, to be forfeited, and we here- ;
by " declare the same forfeit." ;
In making this decision, the Court has not only
decreed justice in the case, but has expressed the
unanimous will of the public. Monopolies, as a gen
eral thing, are injurious to the prosperity of a coun
try. Sometimes they may be productive of more good
than evil, but not often. It is ifnfortunate for our
young Kingdom that both these agents of commerce
the steam engine and the printing press have here
tofore been fettered by monopolies and restrained from
a full development of their power by a misjudged
policy of the government a policy which at the time
of its adoption was deemed wise, but has proved
detrimental in both cases to the commercial interests
of the nation. Free and unrestrained competition in
every business is always productive of the best results.
At the time the monopoly in steam was granted, it
was believed that the parties who asked for it were
fully able and ready to carry out the requirements of
their contract jbut experience has shown that such
belief was mcbrrect, for up to the day of the annulling
of the charter, no steamer has ever been built by the
Company for inter-island navigation, nor has one ever
becjviatroducied at all adapted to the trade.
supplied at present bv Rev
Messrs. Armstrong and Bishop. Service, in TT.iwniian 1 yTVm Pn
. . - J M I Xj'VXX lf liVf II Illill lilt. I iULI I HI W B H WniVlftfl
,T Wl A. vtuio
PLACES OP AMUSEMENT.
ROYAL HAWAIIAN THEATER Corner of notcl and Alakea
6treets Messrs. Graves & Wilder Managers. Perform
anee, every other night in each week.
pout op ii-aisiiiitfii, Ttfiiiui
Slanchester, fm Och., SO sp, 950 wh,
Oct. 23 Am wh bark Wolga, CroweU, fm Och., 8 sp, 1000 wh
31 Am wh sh Kosseau, Pope, fm Och- 300 wh, 4000 bone.
21- Am wh sh Ocmulgee, West, fm Och., 85 sp. 1000 wh,
31. Am wh sh Good Return, Wing, fm Kamschatka, 1.400
n 11, iuvu U'JUC.
Nov. 1 Am wh bark Clsone, Simmons, from Kodiac 1.600 wh
1. Asa wh sh Majestic, Percival fin Och., 250 wh, 2000
1. Am wh sh Coral
1. Am wh sh Omega, nawes, fm Och., 500 wh, 4000 bone.
1 Am wh sh Cor. Howland, Luce, fm Och- 600 wh, S000
1 Am wh ship Henry Kneeland, Whalon, fm Och., 50 sp.
300 wh, 3000 bone. 1
1 Am wh sh Jeannette, Pierce, fm Japan, 30 sp, 690 wh.
6000 bone. ' '
1 -Am wh sh Petrel, Tucker, fm Arctic, 530 wh, 4000 bn.
3. Am wh sh Wm. Thompson, Whits, fm Kodiac, 1000 wh
8000 bonv. '
3. Am wh sh Washington, Holly, fm Och., 950 wh, 12,000
3 Am wh sh Columbia, Folger, fin Bonnin Island, 100 sp.
3. Am wh sh Braganza, J ackson, fm Kam , 900 w, 7000 b.
3. Am wh sh Menkar, BlooraSeld, fm Och., 300 w, 3500 b.
3. Am wh sh Wm. C. Nye, Soule, fm N. Zealand, 900 wh,
9000 bone. .
Presidential Election. Last Tuesday, Nov. 4th,
was the day for election of the President of the U. S. ,
in which political ptrife the whole American people
were probably engaged to a degree never before
known. Itis utterlv impossible to nrediet here the
result of the contest, but we have been furnished
with the following extract from a letter lately received
from an old politician, in New York State, who ia
well posted up" in political matters :
"New York, Aug. 1856. -There is nothing lieard
of now save politics. - The
whole country is in ablaze of excitement, discussion,
&c. I think there is noi a contingency of the elec
tion of Air. Buchanan. He will doubtless be elected
by the. people. Mr. Fillmore has many of the old
line ahigs, but such men as Itufus Choate hare very
generally given their adhesion to . Mr. Buchanan. I
think the Republicans would have done more and
probably carried the north had they not been so fool
ish as to talk of disunion ; and they have manufactur
ed too many dead men in Kansas. The fight there
has been a humbug, north and south, and the fa,rce ia
about played out,"
sent down from San Francisco the fir. B. IVheeler. a
frail North river boat, totally unfit to go out of sight
of land. And although the boat did manage to run
between the Islands for a year or two, yet on several
occasions her escape from disaster was only a miracle.
Then came the Sea Bird, a staunch boat of her class,
but in size entirely out of proportion for the service
needed. Lastly came the West Point, a poor worth
less boat, with weak machinery -and a patched-up
boiler, picked up for service here after having been
laid aside as unfit even for the inland California
service, and which ought to have been condemned on
her first arrival here. Neither of the three boats
sent here by the Company were built for or adapted
to the inter-island navigation, which, as we all know
is over rough channels and subject in the winter
months to strong gales.
The Sea Bird, after a few trips, returned to San
Francisco; the West Point, owning to her poor
machinery, or some other cause, was lost at Koloa,
Kauai ; and the remaining boat, the fir. B. Wheeler
or Akamai, has been used for the last year as a tow
boat for this harbor, but is now laid by. la the
matter of inter-island navigation we are about as
badly off as we were ten years ago, when a week was
a short passage from Kauai to Oahu, only 125 miles
and ten days from Honolulu to Hilo, (280 miles )
was something worth recording, as very remarkable.
The coast is once more clear for the introduction of
steamers by any parties at home or abroad who may
choose to do so. There are no legil obstuctions
existing, and we think that none wUl hereafter be
raised, should any individual or company choose to
undertake the establishment of intcr-island steamers
But who i3 t0 underUke it , If donQ at aU u "
either be by the Government, by domestic capital or
by foreign capital. As a general rule, it is not wise
for governments to undertake what properly belongs
to individual enterprise, so long as there is any change
that private enterprise will' supply the wants of the
country. Government work is usually executed with
double the outlay which is required when private
capital is employed, or if bounden contracts are made
the work is too often performed only in A superficial
manner. When it becomes clear, however, that
private enterprise cannot or will not undertake
work absolutely needed, it is right and proper that
the work should be undertaken bv the
If individual capital however, can, be induced to
establish a line of steamers among these islands it
would be but justice for the government to aid the
undertaking, not only by granting every facilitv
needed, bufc by offering a bonus for the establishing
-. , i
of the line. Without making a monopoly, an annual
grant by ".his Government of $5,000 to any company
which would introduce two or three suitable steamers
and sustain them in compliance with certain pro
visions, would bo far cheaper than for it to undertake
the work itself. Such a bonus might be discontinued
whenever the line of steamers becomes profitable to
its owners. . .
We dcubt whether private capital here at the
islands can ever be brought to establish a steam line
among the group. Capital is too limited, and com
mands too high a premium to be withdrawn from
other channels, for so great an outlay as this would
require. Our only hope then is to induce foreign
capitalists to embark m the enterprise. There can be
no doubt that a company with abundant means to
procure suitable vessels, and to establish them in the
trade, would after the first twelve months receive a
handsome return on their investment. We have good
grounds for this belief in the fact that the steamer
West Point, poor as she was, was building up a
profitable trade at the time she was lost. She ran
mostly to Kauai, and averaged a trip each week, her
receipts being about double her expenses, while on
her last trip, in which she was wrecked, her receipts
would have been four times her expenses. A faster
and more commodious vessel would do a much better
But ichat kind of vessels are wanted ? This is per
haps the most important question connected with the
subject of inter-island navigation, and one on which
there is difference of opinion. Some hold that side
wheel boats are the only kind that will answer, but
others, competent engineers, think propellers would
be found best. For large vessels and ocean steam
ships there can be no doubt that side wheels are the
most reliable; but for smaller vessels, especially where
rigged with spars and sails (a convenience, if not a
necessity in the island trade) propellers have been
found less expensive and less liable to damage. The
size needed is from 250 to 350 tons measurement. A
vessel of larger tonnage would be found too expensive.
There is a class of English propellers of about the
above sizes, running as coasters between England
and the European ports, rigged with schooner or brig
rig, which are used in the rough channels, and which
would probably be serviceable here where the trade
wind blows steadily for eight or nine months, and can
generally be relied on in passages from East to West.
A merchant, speaking the other day about steam-
filial .V 1 "1
ers, suggested mat tne gun-ooats in tnc Xiiigiisn
navy, a large number of which have recently been
built, might be found adapted as coasters here. It is
quite likely, now that the war is ended, an applica
tion from this Government to purchase one or two of
them at cost would be acceded to. They have these
good qualities that they are strongly built, and fit
ted with powerful engines' ; but whether their capa
cities for freight and passengers could be adapted to
our wants is another question. We suppose their
cost,asidefrom their armament, is not far from 4,000
to 5,000 each, as they are built plain and for ser
In conclusion, we would state for the benefit of any
parties who might feel an interest in the matter, that
no steam vessel should be sent here that is not fully
adapted to the trade, and pronounced so by those who
have been here and know the wants of the Islands.
We are informed that there are parties in New York
who are anxious to establish steamers herd We
know of no one abroad who is so fully conversant
with this . subject, or in whose judgment we should
place greater confidence thanWm. A. Lighthall, Esq.,
now connected with the Vanderbilt line in New York,
who wa3 formerly in the employ of the Hawaiian
Steam Navigation Company, and who proved himself
a complete master of his business, and a skillful,
practical engineer. A vessel built for the trade
should be a propeller, that comes as near a clipper
brig or large schooner as possible in her build, rig,
and sea-going qualities, capable of steaming eight to
ten knots an hour, and adapted to burning coal or
wood as required. She should furnish good dry
stowageforlOO tons freight, worth $1 or $5 per ton,
capacity for carrying 50 head of cattle, at $1 per
head, with good cabin accommodations for twenty to
twenty-five passengers, at $5 to $10 each, according
to distance, and one hundred native deck passengers,
at $1 to $2 each. Two such steamers, well man
aged, making weekly trips each way from Honolulu,
would be found to pay a profit and largely increase
the trade and trartl. Instead cf conflicting with the
coasters now yremploy, they would be a real benefit
to them bvincreasing the commerce and travel in the
Kmgdo&fand affording to agriculturists and nlantera
greater facilities for getting their produce to market.
Sh Flying Cloud,
Sh Sua Serpent,
Sh John Gilpin,
Sch Flying Dart,
Clipper Race to the Sandwich Islands. "Bp.-
Itwecn San Francisco and Honolulu there has plied
ior a long time a class or very fast vessels, justly
celebrated for their speed, and the track has always
been one where more or less racing is continually
going on. The weather" between the two points is
generally uninterruptedly fine, 'and the strong trade
winds are favorable, affording a fair test of the sail
ing qualities of the competing vessels. The old fash
ioned way of steering for the Islands was to stand
first well to the southward, until meeting, the north
ern edge of the trade winds, and then beatino- away
for the port of destination." This method has been
abandoned by the packets plying regularly between
the two ports, which now steer as nearly straight all
the way as possible, except in the winter months,
when the passage is mush more difficult to make,
owing to the irregularities of the trade winds.
Wednesday morning, the race of the season com
mences, and the following vessels, sailing within a
few hours of each other, are entered for the contest.
wim wnai cnances oi success we leave all to judge :
Tons. Masters. Last passage.
1782 Cressy, 11 days.
1337 Whitinore, 10 days.
103S Itin.e, 12 days.
342 Smith, 9 days". 21 hrs.
1-48 Freeman. 13 davs.'
The best passaere ever marl a
the clipper ship 'Kingfisher, in 1855, in nine days
and twenty hours from port to port.
7f mwSiraS' the John GXpin Yankee and
Flying Dart take down cargo; the Sea Serpent,
Flying Cloud and Gladiator, go down in ballast.
AVe snail watch the result of this race of so many
crack r clipper vessels with much interest, and shall
hope to receive the report of the contest by the return
of the Yankee, m about 35 to 40 days. We doubt
not each commander will strain every nerve to win
and there will no doubt be some pretty hard " carrvl
ing saiL" Lookout, boys ! stand bthThalyanlYT
Hoist away the studding-sails ; splice the riuffitewe
well, and some one will win. Alta, Oct. 7.
We give below the result-of the " chpper race "
as near as we have obtained -the facts. The race
came off just as the trades had ceased for the season
lience the long passages reported. The captains with
whom we have conversed report fresh winds from
W- for 200 or 800 miles from San Francisco, then
very light breezes from S. E. to S. W. barely sufficient
to fill the sails. The Sea Serpsnt, which made the
shortest ran, was only in ballast, the Yankee full
freighted. Their course was very nearly straight.
n of 0t Honolulu' I bar S. F. Passage.
Oct. 23, sch Flyins Dart, Freeman, Oct. 6, 6 P M, 16 dya 12 hr
Zii t Yankee, Smith, " 8 2 P M
-28, n.B.M.SAlarm! Curry. 9 ' 5y3 hrS
W C'T" x lclv;r 7 13 M, ! 18 dra 13 hr
20, John Gilpin, Ring,
Not. 1, Gladiator, Whitfield,
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
Three numbers of the 4 V Commercial hiT .
been issued since the departure of the last mail lor
the United States. . They can bo procured at our"
counter cither single cr together, in wrappers, .
i A Hawaiian Funeral. The funeral procession
which accompanied the corpse of the son of John
Piikoi (a chief) on Saturday last was a novel and.
unusual sight, and illustrates the fondness of
Hawaiians 'for display. The escort partook some
what of a ludicrous imitation of royalty, consutiaic
first of the lad's horse with its equipage, saddle, &a
and with a pair of red-topped boots strung across th
saddle. Then followed the hearse, and after it tff
hundred females, all dressed in deep mourning txii
mounted on horseback in Hawaiian straddle-fashion.
Each female had a string of yellow lauhalas (wreaths)
around her neck, with long black riding dresses,
reaching to the ground. After the females cime
about one hundred and fifty men, also on horsebac
all dressed in black, with crape on their left arms..
After passing through the principal streets, the pro,
cession went out to the new tomb recently built by
Mr. Piikoi, on his farm at Waikiki, where tents had
been erected, and after the coffin was deposited in tha
tomb, a feast yas served up in original Hawaiian
Oar patrons in San Francisco are assured that
their notices inserted in the ' Commercial" will re
ceive a wide circulation throughout the Pacific, espe.
cially among merchant and whaling vessels, which
visit many ports in the South and West Pacific..
Our edition varies weekly from 900 to 1100 copies..
L. P. Fisher, Esq., at the Merchants Exchange, will!
attend to any orders for us.
Accident. An accident occurred on Saturday
the Steam Flour MilL The " connecting rod" of the.
engine broke, and there being a high pressure of
steam on, the engine had its own way for a short
time, slinging the rod around, and breaking other
parts of the engine. In attempting to let off the
steam or water from the boiler, the Chinaman tend
ing the engine got very severely scalded. The delay
in grinding was only for a day or two, the mill being
again at work.
EST' By a notice in another column it will be seen,
that the Annual Meeting of the Sailor's Home Socier
ty will be held on the evening of Xov.. 17, for the
choice of Trustees, and other business The " Hornet'
is now about completed and we' have no' doubt is
meeting the wishes of its patrons. We understand;
from the managcr,that its apartments are well filled
and that thec6nvcnienccs and comforts afforded are
anpreciavi by those who stOD at the Home.
olulu Harbor. It may-be a matter of interest
to captains and merchants- abroad' to know, that this
port is now furnished with a new tow-boat of sufficient
strength to tow in. any ship. that may visit this place.
She is placed und,er the charge of the pilots.. It adds,
much to the safety of any port to have the aid of a.
good steamer, but here it has always been considered
a necessity.. The channel of the harbor is now beinj
accurately re-surveyed by the officers of H. B JL'g
Ship Havannah, and we learn that the surreys mae
thus far show a depth of 23 feet on the lee side of the
channel, which side has been rarely used owing to its
proximity to the reef,. but now with. aid of a tuf
vessels of that draught can with safety be brought in
at high tide. The survey, however,, was undertaken,,
mainly to determine whether it is practicable to cut
another channel into the harbor, or alter the presenti
one. . -
W We have been requested by Capt. Jas. Smith
and others to notice the charge made in the last
Polynesian against the clipper ship Sea- Serpent, of
stealing a boat from the harbor and setting it adrift
Capt. Smith, K. Coady, Louis Anthon, and several
others residents were on board the S. S., and left her
after she got under weigh, and we are requested by
them to say that the statement is wholly unfounded"
and unjust. Capt. Whitmore has been here several
times before, and we are sure would never allow such
an act by any one on board his- vessel. It is partic
ularly annoying to strangers to be so charged, espe
cially after they have left and the charge is made on
behalf of the government. Two or three weeks ago,
we were assured that the statements made in the
Polynesian about Capt, Coggins demanding pay for
his ballast, were untrue. We requested hi denial
in writing, but it was not furnished to- us in time;
hence the appearance of Capt. C.'s denial of it in the
Polynesian of the 26th. Mr. Hoare has also called
on us, and stated that the Polynesian had done bin
injustice, by giving a wrong impression in regard to
his taking 400 tons of ballast from a clipper and
losing $150 by it, whereas he gave the whele facts
in the matter to the Polynesian, and stated that he
sold the ballast again, and insteadof "losing, made
nearly $200 out of the' job.
Royal Hawaiian Theater. Since our last issue,
this place of amusement has been nightly ; filled bj
highly respectable audiences, and the plays have been
of such a character, and performed in such a manner
as to give general satisfaction. The management
spare ne pains to make their Theater an agreeable
place of resort, and we are glad to see that our citi
zens appreciate their efforts. To-night, Mr. Wilder
takes his first benefit, and we hope it will be a jum
per. The bill lie offers is a good one, " RichelTea'
and " Toodles." The character of " Cardinal Riche
lieu" is one in which Mr. W. excels, and ought to be
seen by all lovers of good acting
Mr. Editor " Reef Knot" is a happy cognomen
just now to arrest the attention of Jack. .The romantia
old Lear will enlist his sympathies while the " Company
of Artillery" and Household Guards" will awe him
into a proper respect for authority. Jack, in hi
quizical way, will only wonder by what kind of pur
chase his shipmate " Reef Knot" managed to ho'nt
that fabulous old King and his three daughters orer
twenty centuries and land them along side , of th&
Hawaiian dynasty. -
" My brother " Reef Knot" seems to ignore per
haps, in his military ardor he has forgotten the fact
that, until the advent of the present War Administra
tion, neither Artillery or Household Guards were re
quired to keep the prisoners from being let loose to
pveyupon peaceable citizens."
They were under quite as good subjection then a3
now, and that too at a time when the constabulary,
with the exception of marshal and sheriff, consisted
entirely of natives, a majority, of whom understood
police duties about as well as . Reef Knot" does the
subject upon which he writes. Two thousand dollars
was considered an ample appropriation in those pri
mitive days to guard the prisoners,furni3h flags, salute
visitors, and - keep up the military dignity of - His
Majesty, and if I can trust my own judgm ent and that
of all sensible residents, the Jving's authority iraa
quite as much respected then as now. - , -
Far be it from me to detract from the good nam
of V Reef Knot." - He may be the worthiest of men
or women. He certainly deserves well of his countryy
for the sublime antique illustration he has brought to?
bear upon his subject. I recommend him to th
attention of tho War Department, Gecmmet.
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