Newspaper Page Text
itedsesdat rrj-.T.vc. ifix. 11, lsc.
rxm mti fwiniMg amrtog u week a t
asnca b y sr, annua than owal. This as iwndit tar fcv
tha presence fat oar barker of a aorUoo of the prior of
wuwMipst awrahas- of wtjch ars new and kouttiAd eL'rytn.
Tbe aaraatag that this --Tn r i li U etd-
fcsfclonwJ ships 1s scea 1a ta celerity wfra wMcfc they paaa
wobb use oortaera to the estrnae soothera rreandi. as w1 aa la
lb increased catcblnfs they haO.
JreifMing b very active. The cOpper ship Eliza ElUht
aayed a pnrtioa of her ears for Sew Bedford, aad th British
ansanM taking-boil ft Liverpool. The brt; Advance
la latins; aa assorted cargo br raonincs Island and tha
mhoeaet Sopkim Is ready fur tea. booad fur tha Aaauor River.
saa w&auns; origaatiae Wailua arrived hen direct from
Bremen, oa Uuaday last, sod on Tiay evening; the Kalama
treat Saa Frandsc Woujrht the raited States mad and dates
to February ft. " '. s r
xna saa Jfa?o- leave oa Satarday far Saa Francisco, with
a ran freight and large Ilat of passengers. Wa eadentand that
- freight offered tor her has been refused. This was ahss tha eaae
with tha Tankte Ust anoth. The basiness between Ilooolala
Ixl 8a Francisco appears fc b steadily increasing;, and when
mr produce is kept back fur want of vessels to carry it off, It
wooU seem that there is room t jt a third regular packet to ran
saceessfoUy between the tws ports.
?ne news received by the mail (row New York, in regard to
payments of whalers drafts is rery favorable. - AH the drafts
sent forward, so far aa ws can learn, hare been paid. This will
tend to reestablish fall confidence in oar principal means of re
mittance to the East.
ti e oave nan two or three larre auction sales the past week.
tht most enospicaons of which was at K. C J an ton's and
weQ attended, as some new and desirable goods were offered.
Pncea, however, were rery low.
. We note a few transact mm the past week.
SCOAB Sales of Kght quality, export, oa private terms
opposed to be 10c. Sales at auction of 20 bbU damaged, ex
a mm, at 9 (a 9ie In kegs, and 1 & 7Je in mats.
' FLOCK Stock ia baker's hands is very fight. No supplies
can be expected (mm California this spring, as prices are ruling
much higher than here. This ia a curious feature of our mar
ket. Last spring flour was worth $12 per bht in San Francisco
and $15 here. Now it is reversed and is cheapest in this mar- J
kt- This cannot bag continue, however.
Scarce, and much inquired fur. It is wanted for
OATS Good demand, but tight stock.
TCHPEMTOtK 130 galls, at auction, "5c. .
LUMBER So change from hut qr citations.
FIREWOOD Jobbing at $10 AT $13." Snpplygood.
1 tXCIIAXGE Whalers bills at par.
sjir fr Ay Cisco markets. ' .
From our exchanges of .Varch 4th to 6th. we compile soeh
quotations of the above market as msy interest our readers.
Flour vas held at about the same figures as per our last previous
advices. Sugar appears to hare fafleu a little, but would ro-
babty advance as holders were firm , . -
Ftora There were sales about a week since af some 3,000
Wis Urrinm st git so tV f 15, comprmng all the stock or that
description ottWing at that time upoa the market. Of domestic
" we are cognisant of no round parcels ebansint: hands : the Job-
otng tnae nas neen steady at a range or fii oO (a $19 for good
Ureson to extra domestie. Tim stock here diminishes very slow
ly, the hfch prices ruling causine retailers and bakers to buy
only lor daily wants, ttonw or the recent receipts or Oregon
Soar are of retched quality, and is fit only for the commonest
kind of bn bread.
8cos The arrival of two vessels fmra ITonkong and one
- rrom itatavia m tne idrtmgtit. nnoclns In the arcregate only
about half-a-million of pounds, has tended to give the market
an extraordinary degree of firmness, t at at the extreme rates now
iramnrted by holders of raw. the trade boy as sparinjrty ss possi
ble. We note sales of 80,000 ths China No 1 in lots to the trade
at 10c 0 ITc X 165 aalf-bris snpersw Snn.lwk-h Islands at 17c
50 do dark do (at aarHoo) at 13c 66 c ; 300 do Mr quality
W. I. Muscovado at le & 17lc ; 45lhds do (early in the fort
night at 15ie ; 100 do Porto Rico to arrive per Wtbfoot at 16c.
Of refined the sales were 800 brta crushed, ex ship, at 21c The
market doses esceedhiitly firm fnr all descriptions and pmhabty
no purchases could be made as we write at the highest figures
quoted above far tne various grades.
Coax There has been marked advances some 700 bags
Mexican realizing tc.
Oats 200 bars sold at lie : 200 do at 2c
HrraTnas The range of prices fnr fair to choice, is from ic to
lie vr th ; 500 bris Sandwich Islands sweet, ex Kalama, sold
at $4 30 per 100 Iba. Bales 100 bags Irish 80e j 200 choice do
? alt There wire sales r.t 100 tons Carmen Island (Mexico)
at s 14 90 purchaser amine oars.
Ert-ai Manila and China at Sc 0 6fe ; sales of 100 bris
carouna at yr.
Oils There were no li .uisa.tiiiis in whale t the stock at
present here is ia the hands of maenfarturers.
Cr,rSE Prices firm ; Java. 17c : Manila, IGe ; Rio, 121c
MntAssrs sxv SvatT There has been a regular steady busi
ness done hi symps since last report sales were 650 gall kega
Oekenhansen's New York at 60e ; 40 bris Boston on private
terms : a. S and 14aU kegs East Boston at from OZic &
77 c ; zuo rails Seth Adams, in 5, 8 and l&-rxil packages,
frwn 6ite & TTc.
Lrxsn Jobbing sales of 25.000 feet ITumboUt fencing at
$30 : 10Jt feet scanOing at $ 25 J lOfiOO feet redwood boards
at Jja ii.ooo soingfes at ft Ml
Bis 4100 bags Hit' sold at 2J J 100 do white at 3c
1 EfT BEDFORD OIL MARKET-Ft. J.
SrsK We notice a steady demand with an improvement in
prices over ear but week's quotatiuns. The trans actions io-
cbsle si les of 1.0SO bris, m parcels, at 105c. 1S1 do at lOSc and
about 200 bris at 110 per icallnn, all tnr cash, and understood
princiimny fnr export. The market doses firmly.
We uaintentionalty emitted in our hut, a sale at Warren, of
oo ftri the JJosar's cars at SI prr esHon, cash. -Whals
oil and whalebone, dull, and without any transactions.
LATEST DATES, rr reived at tkia Oflce.
Panamr, X. G.
New T.cx - -London
- - Mar. SI Paris - - - - Jan 15
- - Feb. 11 Hongkong ... Jan.
- - Feb. 6 1 Hhourne, N. S. W Nov. 2
. in i
I Tahiti -
Fw S is Fassoisro per Fanny Major, Satarday 27th, at 10 M.
Worn Koii, Hawaii per Kekaulnohi. soon.
Fur L in&iss per Kainoi, to-day. at A. H. - .
fi Ktviaui per Jtfary. soon.
POUT OF ZXOirOX.TJX.TJ. XX. X.
March IS Sen Maria, itfotteno. from ports ox MauL
19 Ben John Vounw, Richards, from Kaaai. -
Sch Kinnolc, from Kauai. .
10 Am Am wh ah Thus Dickason, Flaskett, from Afsr-
: 10 Am wh ah Newburyport, CrandaH, frntn Hilo, off
' and on.
19 Am wk sh Frances Henrietta, Drew, from Hikx off
and aa. - -
. 19 Am wh sb Euphrates, Heath, off ami oa. . ., .
19 Am wh sh Champion. Coffin, off and on.
19 Am wh bk Gen Pike, Rajseli. from Lahaina, off and
. . ' 19 Am wh sb Benj Radh, Wyatt, from lahaina, off and
19 Am wh bk Iris, Bolles, from T J off and on.
I, Am wh sh John CoreshaO. Lambert, off and on.
10 Am wh bk Columbus. Ward, from Margarita Bay.
11 Sch Kamoi. Chadwick, from Lahaina.
V. Pch Kekaahichi. from Kona, Hawaii.
n Am wh sh So. America. Walker, from Oulf of Calif.
21 'Am wb sh Addison. Lawrence, off and on.
' 11 Am wh sh r Gears, Pease, off and on.
II Am wh sh L C Richmond. Hathaway, off and on.
ti P.rem wh sh Goethe, Austin, from New Zealand.
x3 Am wh bk K 8 Perkins, Kiblen. -.
- t 8eh Warwick, araca Lahaina.
tt Am wh sh John a Elixabeth, Lester, from Cal coast.
22 Am whsh Naasaa, Afanlnck.
2J Am wh ah Neva. Hand, off and on. - '
23 Am wh ah Benj Tucker. Barber, fm I-ah , off and on.
23 aca K sis ma. ilooiier. 14 days from saa Francisco.
23 Am wh sh Rainbow, HaHey, from Lahoff and on.
24 Am wh hk Black Mrfe. Zlwanl. off and na.
24 Am wh bk Tybee, Free-man. fm Lahaina, off and on.
24 Aatwhbk Amaaon. Hdridse. off and on.
11 Am wh sh Electra, Brown, fmN Zealand, off and on.
24 Am wh sh Timor, Wnite.
. 24 Aar wh bk Warren, Huntley, from Hilo.
' 24 Am wh bk Frances Palmer. Green, fta Mars;. Bay.
25. Am wh bk 8amh Sheaf. Loper, fm Cal Coast.
. .25. Sob Moikeiki, HaH. fm ports on Afani. . .
, H Ssch John Dunlap, fa Hawaii.
March 11 Navy, Wood, Sir Ochotsk. !
in Newinntpst, Crandsn. for the Ochotsk.
I AHee. tnr Sum, Hawaii. -19
Silver Cloud, Coef crahau, for Ochotsk;
30 Vernon, Bumpus. for the Ochotsk.
jO Benj Rash. Wyatt, r Ochotsk.
"ft Gen Pike. RnsoHL lor Ochstsk. - -1
a Sch Maria, MoKrm, for Lahaina and ports on MauL
22 woiim, iTowen. to cruise.
i3 Fran f Henrietta. Drew, w Ochotsk. ':
' B Euphrates, Heath. Sir Ochotsk. - -
12 -oha ConeshaU. Lambert, lor Ochotsk.
. 22 Walter Scott. Coin as. lur Ochotsk. .
.,13 Tr wh sh Jason, 11 ache, for tie Northward...
' g Addison. Lawrmce, fnr Ofhotik.
- ' ft TI 8 Perkina, Kj4en. for the North.
- - gt9l Oujs, Prase. fbrOebntsk. -
a Wstei. CrowelL Cr Ocbotsk.
- -A 8ek KJnoole, lor Kona, HawaiL
jr (last. Barber, af tha ship Btnjamin Tucker, report the
oUowtaf vessels m Margarita Bay s Feb 27th, Barak Warren,
Peat, T Saa Fraacisces 900 wh ; Carib, Reynolds, do do, 17
whales; brf Agata, Comstock, do,fn0j brf Victoria, FUh, Hon,
tsW wb ; Oaha, MoUe, do, 140 wh ; ach Eas, Claxtoo, S F,
waalea, hoaai a haiai ifcif t Batndeer. Ashley, of If ew Bed
ford, U) wh Dartmouth, Heath, ditto, 500 wh, taking M on
(MgM; Titikat, McClnvs, do, 150 wh, to sail this day for the
i j Barastabie, Fisher, ao, 159 wh, to asu same day for
tha Ida ids j Draper, Saadffcrd, do, SM wh.
trig Frances, of 8aa Francisco, aabor -3a the fiats and billed
CpU ia and family arrfred Hi tha Benj Tucker.
Offandoa at PaJta, Jan 30: Am wh bark Seaqneen,
j;a aa ; Asa wh aarx islander, ih sp Am wb oarx cape
Horn, riawaa, foR, boond home j ship General Scott, left Tom
asa abaut Jaoasvy IS, SM sp.
fyj-f riasjrr". CuWaann, of F. H. from Taleahaaao, Feb. 9,
rrporta havirj 1:3 at T ah bterprba, Kant, takinf tretght
r t Timiiwas n 3 aow ta oa sew Zealand, ttouad
; F- "1, rJi mo report Balanco, N B, 1900 sp, bound
flea Lvwtuwt, H t ciraa, boarat Worth; George At Susan,
at JT, Osp, bawmJ rwt; mosaix, a.oouna noru; urat-
, It , ZZli I booaa aotoe; aasmennseas, a , utaj
Jt jj iiC- CairoC, U, nouna nome; ox cavalier,
r. I!-) IU3 T.arslas, N B, M sp, bound North; sch
. . .. . . .A .
j-, I if ; OX UmMs, J , o-w wb, ooanu
a ant i j-" ' -
Veaala Eiseeted Imbi FarcLrai Porta
Ajb bark Yankee, Ptnlth, win be doe from Ban Francisco be
fors the 12th of April. '
Am dipper briiptntine Josephine, Baker, sailed from New
Tork Jan 10, doe here May 1C.
. - The Am ship Aspasia will be due about April 1st, from Aca
British brig Recovery, Mitchell, vtn be due from Vancouver's
Island about May 1st.
Am sea L P Foster, Moore, with cargo of lumber to Ilackfcld
h Co will soon be doe. -
Am dipper bark Melita, of II A Pierce's line of Boston and
Tloootala Packets, was to sail from Boston for Honolulu direct,
Feb 20, and will be doe here Jane 20, with tndse to B W Held.
The brig Hera, from Hongkong, will be due April 25.
From Bushes per Wailaa, March 2010 bbls pitch, 10 bbls
tar, tests flags, 180 pkrs mdse, 100 esk mlt, 50 kegs rum. 4
Konbls lead, 1 csk patent blocks and she...es, 2 cs gunpowder
305 bbls salt, 2 bxs preserves, lot of boards.
From Baa Faascisco per Kalama, March 2363 packages
mdse, 1 box samples, 1 gun, 33 sacks oats, 9 bales hay.
" ' From IaRiisa per Maria, March lfr-Miss Jane Lewers,
Miss Kate Levers. F Jordan. Mr Hubbard, Master Waterhouse,
and two others 44 on deck.
From Labaiss per Kamoi, March 21 E O Ileydon, Miss
Chambdriain, Abcbew, and 10 on deck.
From Bbsmix 5er Waialua Miss Onr.ann, F Gundicr.
From Saa Fat-scisco per Kakuna W F Allen.'-
FORT OF LAEAIVA.
March 10 Tybee, Freeman, 35 sp, 025 wh, 6000 bone, voyage,
nothing this seson.
17 Bark Phonii, ITinckley. 35 sp.
Nirnrod, Hove, fm New Bedford, 40 sp. season
It Bk Aw r, Kldrire, Fair Haven, 200 sp. season
ia Kk f '.tiiant, McCbOTe, New Bedford.
1 Newburyport, Cntrwlall, Stonington 35 sp. season.
19 Omega, Sandhtirn, Kdrarton.
19 Nassau. Murdock, N. B. 125 sp. season, on board.
19 Brig Soerte, Hind, Tahiti.
19 Walter Scott, Co'.lins, 30 sp season, 100 sp, 400
wh, on board.
20 Black Eagle, E l wards, fm Coast California, 300 wtir
20 Benj Tucker. Barber, from California Coast, 200 wh
season, 1000 wh on board
22 Mary, Jenfcs, fm Tomhus, 50 sp reason, 250 sp, 100
wh, 2000 bn. on board.
22 Tahmaron, Robinson, fm Talsihuano, 40 sp, season,
200 wh, on hoard.
23 F.rie. Jemegan, from Marquesas, 500 wh, 3000 bone.
28 Briehton, Tucker, fm Tahiti, 150 wh, season, 200 sp,
200 wh. on board.
23 Benj Morgan, Eisaon, fm Tahiti, 150 wh, season, 30
sp, 000 wb, on board.
March 11 Tenedos. King, for OehotsV.
12 Fanny, IWkI ry . for Ochotsk.
12 Rosseau, Oreen, for the Northward.
12 Sharon, King, fur Ochotsk.
13 II illman. Little, to cruise North.
15 Navy, Wood, for Honolulu.
11 Napoleon III.. Morell, for Honolulu. ' '
15 Benjamin Rush, Wyatt, for Ochotsk.
lfl John Cwrceshall, Lambert, for the North.
16 General Pike, Russell, f-r the North.
19 Suerte. Hind, for R-n Francisco.
20 Splendid. Pearson, for Ochotsk.
20 Omega, Sanborn, to crnise.
20 Walter Scott, for Ochotsk.
23 Tyhre Freeman, fr the Arctic
24 Phonix, Ilinkley, for Honoluln.
24 Tohinaroo Robinson, for the Northwest.
In Honolulu, 2il lni by Rev. S. C. Damon. Johis II.
Wickb to Jgbais Gbixdleb. and Jomx Hurp to Boris
At Lahaina. snddenly on Satnrtlar eveninr the 2rtth Inst-
Obid NtHAoLEtxt. He was the only sou of His Ex. Gov. Na-
Killed, by the boat brlnsr store. 21th September. 157. in
Shantar Passage. Coastirrs Steves. 4lh mate of the Frances
At sea, lat. 1 50' N.. Ion. 1 38 W onboard bark ITxpnix.
Bxaoimm-k Cognv. 2d mate, belonging to Dartmouth, 3lasa.,
a red 37 years. Nantucket ami New Bedford papers please
1X"C- 6. JS37. on board tlie ship Benl Tucker, of ennsumntinn.
Jossra Jos n. a Portuguese seaman. Feb. 10, Levi Wells,
formerly 3d mate of the brig Frances, killed bv a whale waa a
native of Connecticut.
THURSDAY, MARCH 25.
In our exchanges brought by the Late mails, we
find numerous articles relating to the French de
signs at these islands, some of which are quite ex
asserated. In the San Francisco Chronicle of
Feb. G appears the following : i
The Fbe5Ch is the Pacific. "The Echo du
Pacifique, in speaking of the rumors relating; to the
proposed French Protectorate over tbe Sandwich
Islands, sajs that they came from the Atlantic States.
Here our eotemporary is mistaken, the rumor orig
inated from & letter written, bv an official of the
Sandwich Islands Government (R. C. Wvllie, Minis
ter of Foreign Relations, we presume) to a friend in
England, and was there made public in the Liverpool
Timet. That letter stated that Mr. Perrin. the
French Commissioner, in accordance with the spirit
of French diplomacy in the Pacific, had for a long
time been engaged in endeavoring to frame a treaty
with the King of the Sanw;ch Islands, by the terras
of which those Islands were to be placed under tbe
protection of the French Government; a protection.
as we are well aware would be about the same as that
afforded by the wolf to the Iamb.
; Coming from the source it did, and well aware
as we are of the policy pursued by the French Gov
ernment in its endeavors to obtain the control of tbe
Pacific, we are inclined to believe that the rumor is
not without a good foundation. The Echo du Paci
fique, which is said to be the organ of the French
Government, professes to be ignorant of any inten
tions such as has been imputed to its nation, and we
are led to ascribe such professions to the fact that at
the present stage of affairs it would not be policy for
it to say anything very positive on the subject. The
article closes substantially as follows : We are igno
rant of the designs of the French Government in
relation to the Sandwich Islands; but if it should be
thought necessary . by those who preside over the
councils of France to establish a Protectorate over
those Islands, France will very probably do again as
it did when it established a Protectorate over Tahiti,
even at .the risk of a war with England.
As we have before stated, England would not
probably stand quietly by and allow such a consum
mation to take place, although she has not now per
haps so great interests at the Islands as formerly.
and has other matters on ber hands of far more im
portance to her. But the United States Government
the citizens of which have such vast interests at
the Islands, that would certainly be sacrificed incase
of French Protection could not, under any circum
stances, allow of such a procedure. So far as our
national honor and the interests of our citizens are
concerned, our Government could allow tbe French
to establish a Protectorate over Washington Territory
with much more propriety than to allow it to carry
out its designs in relation to the Sandwich Islands."
The letter written from Honolulu, alluded to
in the above, appeared in our issue of the 4th
inst. The special pleading set ap by the govern
ment organ in regard to the alleged authorship
of it, falls to the ground when it is remembered
that in reporting words or speeches, the custom
of English reporters is to use the first or third
person indiscriminately, and more generally the
third. Besides, the substance of the letters from
tbe islands appear only to be given and not the
entire letters. This accounts for the introduc
tion of the third person, where otherwise it might
A treaty with France has, we understand, been
recently signed between the Hawaiian Minister
of Foreign Relations and the Commissioner of
France. If the treaty has been thus signed it
has been done only with the consent of the King.
Its terms have not yet been publicly made known,
nor will they probably be until the meeting of
of the Legislature. They are, however, under
stood to be substantially tbe some as those of the
treaty framed three years ago, in which a reduc
tion of the duty on brandy from $D, as at pres
ent, to 3 is yielded, and also a reduction of duty
on wines. This reduction ha been claimed by
France in all hernegotiationson the treaty, while
it has been as steadfastly opposed by this govern
ment, BUetaincfi by public opinion.
It is impossible tc say whether French policy
has any definite plan in regard to this kingdom ;
but we know this, tlial no one here believes that
that nation intends to extend its " Protectorate
over these islands." The boast of the Ikho that
France would do agiiiii bore, if aae clone, what
she did at Tahiti, U Merely an,' idle bawt. 1 If
England or America eter consent to a the in
dependence of these isltnds blotted out, under tha
pretext tliat they are liccpable of se f . govern
ment, or on any other j;round than that of a v4j
untary act on the part of the king, tbty nre in; ,
worthy ofhe prond w-jnence they claim. ;
i Bat we have no such fears. It ia true that
France has been firm in her demands, which
are eenerall r believed to be arbitrary and pre-
I judicial to the perfect independence of this king-
dom; but it is doubtless as equallj true that no
permanent or harmonious understanding can be
arrived at between her and this government
until an entire change of Ministerial policy is
'developed. ',' ' - .
Rumor has been very busy during the past week
or two in regard to the appointment of a Minis
ter of Finance. A number of well qualified
names have been suggested as each happened to
fancy, but as is generally the case in filling va
cancies there is no want of nominees. Although
the public have nothing to do directly with the
appointment or even nomination of ministerial
officers, yet a due regard to the public feeling is
always desirable, for the appointment of a person
wholly incapacitated for the office, would only
tend to defeat the ends for which such office was
created and bring odium on the government.
Unfortunately for the government it has been
losing its popularity for the past year or two,
from the fact that an inefficient ministry have
been continued in office against the undisguised
wishes of the people and the outepoken voice of
the press. j
During the past few days it has been currently
reported and on good authority, that the offico
of Minister of Finance is to be filled by the Hon.
David L. Gregg, United States Commissioner at
these islands for the pant four years, whose suc
cessor Judge Bow Jen, is expected to arrive in a
few weeks by the bark Yankee. It may be con
sidered by some as premature to give currency to a
mere rumor of action on so important a matter,
but there appears to be so little doubt in regard
to it, that it is rather to be considered as a fact,
which nothing but the circumstance of the non
arrival of the new commissioner, prevents being
officially gazetted. Indeed, the appointment
would appear to have been determined on some
Think'st thou there dwells no cournpe but in breasts
That set their BjkU against Die rinsing spears
When helmets ate struck down 1 Thou little know'st
Of Nature's marvels." -
Populous districts afford a much safer refuge
for the vices of society than thinly settled tracts
of country. The gathering of men together into
cities and towns, ofiurs greater facilities for vico
and crime, and the temptations to wrong which
the pleasures of evil present in such communities
are too enticing to be resisted by a large class of
their inhabitants. Honolulu is not singular in
this respect. The grnit whaling depot of the
North Pacific, a rendezvous for the people of I
every .nation, with, a population constantly
I changing and fluctuating, it would indeed be
surprising if its streets did not abound in tempta
tions, ready at all times to entice the unwary
traveler and drag him down to ruin. Every one
can recall to mind instances of promising young
men of good capability, fine prospects, and Ban-
guine expectations of the future, who have been
enticed into the whirling vortex of licentiousness,
! and insrad of the fortune and happiness which
they expected to win, have found the goal of life
in an untimely grave.
But this tide of evil temptation which, like
: a torrent, rolls its waves in upon sciety, is not
irresistible. Although it exists in all lame com-
not necossarilv fraught
with misery and death ; for, but an exercise of
the power of moral- courage , is required to enable
a young man to resist its influence ami withstand
like a rock the threatening surge. Moral cour
age is the highest and most perfect order of
bravery, and that which, in a considerable de
gree, comprehends every other kind. Unknown
in the brute creation, it is found developed in
man in proportion as he approaches the perfec
tion of human nature. It is one of the noblest
qualities 01 tne Human mina perhaps more
than "any other quality an attribute of true
rrrtotnna If tti -1 v K Mir twirl oa -1 1 f 4 ... n uunn
dental power of the intellect that spiritual es
sence, as it were which prompts a man to seek
the paths of truth, and do justice, at any sacrifice
and at whatever cost. It is that secret monitor
of the heart which impresses upon the mind the
importance of executing fearlessly that which is
to be done ; which urges it to cast aside selfish I
considerations and do the thing which is right,
uninfluenced by the demands of pleasure or pecu
niary profit, and unbiassed by the voice of ridi
cule or the persuasion of false reasonings. Moral ;
courage is what leads a person to vindicate the
truth at all times and under all circumstances.
We have remarked that moral couraga is the
highest and most perfect order of courage, and
that it in a very considerable degree comprehends
every other kind. A man who is well endowed
with this quality, will never allow himself to lie
overpowered by fear. "When a moment of peril
comes, the strength of the mind rises triumph
ant over physical terror, and the coward body is
sustained by the superior force of the soul. New
levied soldiers often tremble when the roar of ar
tillery is heard and the glitter of the opposing
bayonet is seen for the first time upon the field of
battle, and if they obeyed the dictates of their
natural impulses, might turn their backs and fly.
But if their cowardice is held in check by moral
courage, inspired by the bravery of their older
SJ VJ.-B .
comraaes or general, they are enabled to pass
victoriously through the trying ordeal.
" The brave man is not be who feels no fear,
Vor that were stupid and irrational ;
. But he whose noble soul that fear subdues
And bravely dares the danger Nature shrinks from."
The man in .whom moral courage is largely de
veloped will shrink from no perils to his person
while engaged in the performance of duty. He
will be terrified by neither menaces, imprisonment
nor blows. Persuasion and bribes will not lure
him frcm the path of rectitude, and persecution
cannot compel him to do an act of which his
conscience does not approve. Moral courage is
not an attribute of tbe duellist.
The number of those who pursue the line of I
conduct that Lord Erskine did, doing what con
science tells to be duty, regardless of consequences,
is comparatively small not in - Honolulu only,
but throughout the wide world." There are few,
very few, who do only what their consciences
fully approve few whose practice comes up to
their ideas of right. ., Pleasures are enticing, and
passions attract us from tho true path. Ambi
tion, revenge, affection, love of wealth and fear,
often divert apparently good and wise men from
the course which conscience tells them ought to
be pursued. We are too apt to consider our
personal enjoyment, our wordly prosperity . and
our standing in society and before the public,
paramount to truth and justice.
A man by the complete surrender of his moral
courage may become lowered to the level of the
brute creation. It is in proportion as this qual
ity is developed that he rises in the estimation of
bis fellows, and pn the contrary as it is lost, does
he lower. It is not necessary that he bo a public
man to be observed. Every person occupies some
position in life, and whatever that may be, the
presence or absence of moral courage has its ef
fects in developing the character, whether in the
work shop, in the field, in the Btore, or in the
c mnting house, in all these stations its exercise
elevates -e character and is a guarantee of suc-
ctss. M tien unexercised, it leads too ireeiy to
tie socu.l bo trd, to the. gaming table, to the
haunts of the strange woman, to an utter Ion of j
cbaracter and health, and finally to a dishonored
and early grave. . '
Moral courage i a rare commodity in most
communities. . It has so many enemies that it
cannot always withstand their repeated blows.
Established custom perhaps, assails it on the one
hand , and temptation of pleasure, gain or honor on
the other1 and among them all it is often hustled
and driven away. And yet how important to char
acter is that, quality which gives men power
a power which too many, to their sorrow, are
destitute of, to say no," when tempted to do
on act which they disapprove. The courage to
utter that little word has been the real cause of
the eminence of many whom the world has called
great and famous, while the inability to utter it
at the proper time and place has been the ruin of
multitudes. Independence of character is one of
the most valuable qualities of the mind. Moral
courage is the back bone, if we may so call it, of
While moral courage is important as a means
of attaining the great ends of ordinary individual
life, history records many instances where it has
accomplished vastly more important ends and
produced vastly greater results. The hero mar
tyrs to the causes of patriotism and Christianity,
who have suffered in all ages, are illustrious ex
amnles of moral courage. No men are more
worthy of the veneration of posterity, than
those noble spirits who have offered up their lives
on the altar of sacrifice for the good of their fel
low men. Tt was moral courage of the noblest
kind that animated Curtius to leap into the un
fathomable gulf, and prompted Camillus to forego
his just resentment. It was this which led Junius
Brutus, crushing the swelling affections of his
heart, to fulfill the ends of justice by pronouncing
sentence of death upon hia son, who had commit
ted the crime of treason against his country. It
was this that actuated the devoted physician, who
in a time of panic occasioned by the deadly havoc
of the plague, voluntered to dissect the body of
one who had died, and at the sacrifice of his life
studied the nature of the disease, and wrote out
for the benefit of the world, the results of bis re
searches. It was this that urged the noble Swiss,
Arnold Winkelried, when, in tho battle for his
country's liberties, he rushed forward, upon the
unbroken ranks of the enemy, and encircling an
armful of spears within his grasp, sheathed them
in his own body thus making a gap in the line
of bristling steel, through which his countrymen
advanced ta victory.
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
Summary. Since tbe sailing of the bark Yankee
on the 27th ult., taking the mail for the U. S., quite
a large portion of tbe North Pacific whaling fleet have
touched at the various ports of these islands, and
sailed again for the northern cruising grounds, the
Ochotsk and Kodiack Seas, and the Arctic Ocean by
far the largest portion however, having sailed for the
Ochotsk. Since the 1st of February , up to this date,
82 whalers are reported in our list, against 36 during
the same period in 1857. The ships have also, pretty
generally, been more successful in tbe between-sea-sons
cruise than last year, both on the New Zealand
ground and on the California cpast. Seventeen ves
sels in Margarita Bay had taken up to March I , an
average of 300 barrels each, and on New Zealand we
note two good fires, those of the Gen. Pike, Russell,
and Florida, Fish, each 800 barrels. The business
of whaling on the California coast appears to be pecu
liarly hazardous to life and limb, owing to the habits
of the whales, which are of the kind known amongst
whalemen as the " California greys," and unlike the
great northern whale, give a great deal of trouble in
running, and fighting the boats. It is not unusual
to hear of broken limbs among the officers, and this
year is no exception to others in this respeot. Mr.
Lane, 1st officer of the Columbus, had a leg broken.
by a whale, and is now in the Honolulu hospital.
Mr. Levi Wells, 8d officer of the brig France; of
San Francisco, was killed by a whale, Feb. 10th
The vessels owned iu Honolulu, and fishing on the
California coast have been quite successful the bark
Frances Palmer, brig Agate, and schooner E. L. ,
Frost all hailing " full," the Victoria, COO bbls. and
the Oahu, 180 bbls. Of these, the E. L. Frost has
arrived, and having discharged, will sail in a few
days for tbe Ochotsk, under charge of our fellow
townsman, Capt. R. G. Spencer, to act as tender to
the Italy, while Capt. Comstock, late of tbe schooner,
takes command of the bark Metropolis, now fitting
for the Arctic by the enterprising firm of R. Coady
& Co. The success of our whalers" is regarded by
the community as a public gun. . . . By this mail we
regret to have to announce the loss of two whalers
the ship Young Hero, of Nantucket, burned at
Lahaina, on the 14th instant, and the bark Winslow,
wrecked on the reef at Honolulu, on the 18th inst.
The circumstances connected with the loss of the lat
ter vessel, will, we understand, be officially investi
gated. Tbe oil saved from the wreck of the Young
Hero, amounting to some 80 barrels, has been libelled
at the suit of tbe French ship JVapoleon III, which
vessel was run into by the Young Hero previous to
the fire and considerably damaged.
Loss of the America Whaler " Winslow." We
regret to have to announce the wreck on the reef op
posite this po. t on the evening of the 18th instant of
the whaling bark JVinslow, of New Bedford, Capt.
Watson. Having shipped her oil, amounting to about
200 barrels sperm, per the clipper ship Polynesia,
and refitted for the Ochotsk, the Winslouf sailed on
tbe 17th, and shortly after getting outside she was
discovered to be leaking twelve hundred strokes an
hour. The ship lying off and on, a survey was held
on board, by a number of experienced ship roasters,
and acting upon their advice, Capt Watson deter
mined to bring the ship into port again for the neces
sary repairs on the following morning, it being too
late to do so that evening. The ship accordingly
stood in to within two miles of the passage in order
to land Capt Thomas Spencer and the surveying
party, and then tacking, stood off shore for the night,
with a leading breeze, which however lasted for only
a half an hour, when the wind died away to a calm,
with thick rain. A heavy swell set in towards the
land, with a strong current running to leeward.
About this time, the captain and officers went down
to supper. On coming up from tbe cabin they found
the vessel heading in for the land, towards which the
swell was rapidly carrying her. The boats were im
mediately lowered and commenced endeavoring to
tow her off. . Shortly after the boats got ahead, the
breakers were heard. On heaving the lead, 3
fathoms of water were found, upon which one anchor
was immediately let go. As soon as a strain came
upon the chain it parted, when the other anchor was
dropped, the chain of which likewise parted at once.
At the same time the ship struck her heel on the
reef, heading off shore,' and in five minutes bilged.
Since then up to Tuesday, Capt Watson has been
wrecking the vessel and has saved everything of
value. At 1& o'clock on Tuesday, during the strong
northerly gale which was blowing, the ship became a
complete wreck and was sold yesterday, as she lay
for $600. An auction sale of some of the articles
saved from the wreck took place yesterday, and
will be concluded to-day, at Everett's. - There
are rumors of gross mismanagement resulting in the
loss of this vessel. . We defer further comment
upon rhe subject until after the investigation which
the circumstances call for, has been made by the pro
per authorities. , '.. V 4 " .-.
Accident to Rev. Mr. Thurston. By a recent
arrival from Hawaii, we regret to learn that the
veteran missionary. Rev. Asa. Thurston, was thrown
from his horse on the 8th instant, and very seriously
injured. A letter dated the 13th, says : "We do
not consider him out of danger, although the physi
cian says he is doing as well ai could be expected."
Later reports up to the 15th state that he was con
sidered as little better, and that the injuries were
quite tsrions, and would, perhaps, result in perman
ent paralysis of the limb. -
The BrKxcrs. The annual proom has bea c-a-
menced of looeenbig the soli in oar streets, and throw-
in it into the middle of the road, where the fresh
trades and Srv weather exbedite its Passage in the
w a . .
shape' of dust to CU the throats of passers by, bouses,
stores and the harbor, all at the same time. We
never have been able to assertain the object of this
periodical stirring up which Is given to tha streets,
unless it is because for a few days " it looks pretty."
The first smart rain, (which the previous dost learns
us to appreciate) restores the road to its former shape,
and after a short infliction . of mud, the streets settle
down again into comfortable thoroughfares, until the
next periodical ; visitation of the " shovel and the
hoe." We notice, however, that the Road Supervisor
is introducing at one or two places, a sort of maca
damiiinz svstem with broken coral, which is to be
covered with grass and filled with black sand.
It is supposed that this will turn out a good Improve
ment, but we remember that tbe plan pursued by
scientific road-makers, ever since the construction of
the Appian way, has been quite different from that
of our operators at the crossing of Fort and King
Btreels. The proper way to make a good permanent
road, one that will shed water and require but little
repairing, is to begin by throwing out the earth
from the middle of the road, to the depth of a foot or
more, and in the trench thus made lay the founda
tion of stone the largest at the bottom and topping
off with tbe coarse gravel and black sand.
Coco IIkai Telegraph. The benefits of the Dia
mond Head Telegraph having been practically demon
strated to the mercantile community, and a general
desire expressed to have it extended to Coco Head,
Mr. Jackson, aided by Mr. Webster, has recently
superintended the erection of a telegraph at the latter
point, which is the southern extremity of Oahu.
From this station vessels can be seen some twenty
miles beyond the head, or more than thirty miles
from port. All vessels passing through the channel
between Oahu and Molokai during the day time, can
be telegraphed, even if bound past to ChinSg When
the winds are light, vessels will be thus signalled
several hours before coming in sight from the town,
and if we had a steam tug that dared to go out of
sight of land, it might be of great service in
towing in vessels from a distance. We understand
that the amount subscribed thus far is insufficient to
carry on the telegraph, and hope it will be liberally
aided. We trust that all shipmasters will aid in es
tablishing this work, which will be of advantage to.
them as well as to those residing here. . '
Rev. Hexrt Ward Bebcueb. Letters received
from tbe United States by late arrivals, state that
this distinguished clergyman and orator purposed
visiting San Francisco, during the coming summer,
while his church edifice is being enlarged. So great
is the desire among all classes and sects to hear him,
that the large building which was erected in Brook
lyn a few years ago expressly for his use, and which
holds about 3500 persons, is found too small, and
multitudes leave without being able to gain admit
tance. His congregation propose now to build a
much larger edifice, so as to accommodate all. Al
though it is hardly probable that Mr. B. would extend
his tour to these islands, yet it is possible, and he
would certainly receive a cordial welcome from those
resident here, who have either been connected with
his congregation or heard him preach.
Petty Thievixo. We seldom have a heavy rob
bery to record, but petty thieves appear to be getting
very numerous and industrious. At the Fort Street
Church on Thursday evening, two saddles were stolen
from the backs of horses, while the owners were
listening to the lecture within. Recently a gentle
man was robbed of eighty chickens in one night, and
scarcely a day passes but we hear of similar Jowl
proceedings. . It is a pity that some means could not
be employed to ensure a better watch on the part of
tbe police, for these depredations occur in tbe most
populous parts of tbe town, right under the noses of
Fatal Duel. -A duel was fought in Equador, Cen
tral America, between Prof. W. E. Moore (brother of
Capt. Moore, late of the Morning Star,) and Prof.
Francis, both members of a scientific expedition sent
out by the United States to explore Equador. Double-
barrelled fowling-pieces were used, at five rods dis
tance, and Prof. Francis was killed at the first shot.
Mails. The Yankee, which sailed hence on the
27th February, had not arrived over when the Ka
lama left San Francisco on the 8th of March. She
was twelve days out. s It is probable that the clipper
ship Joseph Peabody, (a nong Kong packet,) may
touch in passing this port She would leave San
Francisco about the 25th of March.
Obstructing the Streets. After nightfall, Nuu
anu street, near the junction of Hotel, is almost im
passable, from tbe crowds of natives attracted thither
by the music of liquor shops and the presence of
sailors. The order of " move on," so' often heard
in other countries, appears to be unknown to our
we have been obliged to issue the Shipping
List on a supplement sheet, owing to the crowd of
advertisements on our columns. By this arrange
ment, however, we will be able to put in the Ship
List issued for the American mail, the latest reports
received up to the day of the packet's sailing.
Acknowledgments Our thanks are due to W. F.
Allen, Esq., and Capt Hooper.for bringing the
Kalama to, so as to allow our news boat or rather
canoe to board the vessel off Diamond Head, when it
was blowing a gale. Also, for late San Francisco and
Eastern papers furnished.
For Japa. The schooner Sophia, Capt Homer,
sails to-day for nakodadi, Japan, with an assorted
cargo suited for trading at Japan, and the Amoor
river, to which latter place she will proceed after
Furniture Sale. We would call public attention
to the extensive auction sale of household furniture
of L. II. Antbon, Esq., to take plaon at 10 o'clock to
day. Full catalogues have been printed and may be
had of Mr. Colburn, the auctioneer.
Mutiny. A mutiny occurred on board the whale
ship Warren, Capt Huntley, at Hilo, and we hear
that nine of the seamen are confined in irons. It is
not a serious affair, however, and will probably be
settled by the Consul, without the intervention of
the local authorities.
Tas Kentucky Horse IIarrt. This fine animal,
the property of L. H. Anthon, Esq., was Bold at auc
tion on Tuesday last Capt Thomas Spencer was the
purchaser, at $314. - -..' -
ST The Fanny Major will sail on Saturday next,
taking the United States mails. The Commercial
can be obtained at our counter ready for mailing. -
Correspondence Pacific Commercial Advertiser
- Lahaiha, March 17, 1858.
Sib : The spring season has fairly commenced,
but business is not so brisk as some would like to
have it, and in particular the retail store keepers are
complaining. But we have too many of them, and
they keep the prices up too high. -
Last Friday as the ship Young Hero was getting
under way she drifted into the French ship JVapo-
leon, carrying away her jibboom, staving in two of
her boats, and doing her other damage to about seven
or eight hundred dollars. She has gone to Honolulu
to be repaired. The Young Hero was damaged so
that it would have cost about three thousand dollars
to have repaired her. At the time the accident hap
pened there was a light wind, and the current was
running very strong to the northwest There are
many reports going around in regard to this accident,
but i refrain giving you any of them. - ,
On Sunday, at midnight, she was discovered to be
oh fire. Some say the fire ws ;, discovered from the
shore before it was noticed oa the clip; ethers say it
was not The ship was immeitsly hauled near the
shore, the hatches were put on, sails put over them
and holes bored into the deck and water poured in,
as it was supposed she was only set cx rs tetwtsn
decks.- This, however, was of bo av&D, r xr
burning twenty-ur hours tie. trt rct ryC l"r
boerd siie, just on the upper ade of tlsecrper, asir
tha f.m ch-ini. tad tSreeT over theoiL There is uo
doubt she was set on fire in the locrer hold as well as
between decks. There were at the time about eighty-
two barrels of whale oil on board, which Is a total
'lose, as well as the provisions.. The men have also
lost all their clothes. As yet they Lave not fcund
out who set the ship on fire, nor do suspicions rest
on any one. There are many rumors afloat ani it is
hard to tell what the truth is. Eie is now on the
f reef burnt down to the water's edge. The Governor
I is wrecking her, the captain agreeing to give him hsl
' of all he can save.;; p y, y ' .; T;
.' Binoe the natives and Capt. King, of the Sharon,
took the whales in our harbor, about which I wrote
you some weeks since, none have been taken, although
there are plenty of them to be seen blowing.
Tours, && Rover.
Mb. Edito Sir: I confess ir.yself at a loss,
either from the decision given in the Polynesian or the
report in your journal, to come to the decision you
seem to have arrived at, in reference to the judg
ment pronounced in the case of Haalelea vt. Montgo
mery ; or to come to any satis factojy conclusion as
to what is to be the future construction of the law
relative to the rights of fishing.
This is truly a subject of deep importance to the
country at large, and should not be left in a vague
position. Would yon let me and the public have the
advantage ofayour opinion, whether Judge Robert
son did or did not decide that tbe conveyance of land
in fee, without reservation, does not. convey the
grantee's rights or privileges in the fishery adjacent
to such property so conveyed, and that to do so, there
must be a special covenant ? , .
One reason, amongst others, why I am slow to
come to such a judgment, is caused by the fact that
the right is conveyed to the chief or possessor ia right
of the land, and in right of the land it should go,
save under expressed reservation. Ton would there
fore confer a favor on me and others by any explana
tion you may think proper to give on the subject -Tours,
etc. Aw Inquire.
Napoopoo, Hawaii, March 10, 1858. ,
Dea Snt : In the Advertiser of Feb, 25 I notice
a description ofjthe several islands of this group, k I
think a little alteration might be made in relation to
Hawaii. This island is ninety miles from the N. W.
point to the S. E. point, and from the S. E. to the 8.
W. eighty miles. In speaking of Hualalai one would
suppose, from the description given, that there was
but one crater, while there are at least sixty. So
says Mr. Remy, a French gentleman who spent one
month on Hualalai. I counted twenty-four craters
at one time, and not very high on the mountain
either. The crater that you speak of as being so very
deep is the very Hualalai into which it was tbe cus
tom in old times to throw dead persons. 1 have
looked down and thrown stones into it as often as any
other white man, except Mr. Remy, and I do not
think it can be over two hundred and fifty or three
hundred feet before the stones strike. As for a large
stone or " rock," I think one would have to go at
least one hundred and fifty feet down to find one
During the several times I have been there I never
saw anything about the crater that looked like glass,
nor anything smoother than common pahoehoe. Mr.
Remy told me that he bad often looked down into it,
and by putting his hands above his eyes in a short
time could see the bottom and see bones lying there.
To hear a stone strike at a distance of one thousandjome.
feet below one must have an excellent ear, so
like the man who could hear plants breaking their
way upwards through the ground.
The crater is some twelve or fifteen feet in diameter
and is at the termination of a sharp peak. .On the
back of this mountain Hualalai, there still exists an
old ruin called Hu Umi, some forty by fifty feet
souare. like the foundation walls of a house, about
five feet high. It is divided off into four rooms, with
au alley through the long way, having two rooms on
each side outside of these walls. At a distance of
some twentv or more feet are eight large piles Of
stones, ot.e built by each of the districts on this island,
one by the priests, and one by the king.
A little farther east is an old cock-pit, which
merelv an enclosure four or five inches high. The
cocks were put in tbe enclosure, and the first one that
got outside was said to be beaten so the story runs.
I have been on the very top of Mauna Loa, and
well up on the side of Mauna Eea, and all that I have
seen on these two mountains is but a drop in the
bucket, in comparison with what I have seen on Hua
lalai. Tbe different varieties and large number of
craters: the old extiuot streams of lava, where for
part of the time the lava has run under the surface
and sometimes "above; the great number of caves of
all manner of shapes, in many of which the lava
hangs over head like icicles, while others are
smooth : in some places a very good soil, in others
coarse sand or fine gravel. Every other person that
I have seen who has ascended this mountain is of the
same opinion as myself. Tbe mountain is eight thou
sand two hundred and twenty feet high. This I saw
on one of Wilkes charts. . Mr. Remy made it about
the same height One can ride on horseback to the
highest peak. Yours, &c,
P. Cumin as.
ARRIVAL OF THE KALAMA.
Sixteen Days Later from the East.
The schooner Kalama, Capt Hooper, arrived off
this port on Tuesday evening, fourteen days from San
Francisco, bringing dates from New York K Feb. 5,
London to Jan. 16, and from China to Jan. 2?
a he news by this arrival is interesting, and we
compile a full summary. The most important items
are the attempted assassination of the Emperor Napo
leon; the capture of Canton by the united English
and French forces; and the state of the Kansas im
During the past fortnight the weather had beta
remarkably fine throughout the State. The crops are
nourishing finely, and there being sumcient water in
the mines, the miners are able to work to good ad
vantage, and in many instances are domg well.
Dr. Bates, late State Treasu rer 3 as been tried at
Auburn, Placer county, for abstracting the sum of
$4o,lKKJ from tne state treasury, and acquitted.
The rates of passage to Panama have been materi
ally reduced, and a large number of California citi-
sens will take passage for the .bast
Wm. K. Osborne Distriat Attorney for San Fran
cisco, died on the 3d instant of consumption.
On the 22d ult an awful tragedy occurred at Grass
Valley, in Placer county. Michael Brennan, late
President of the Mount Hope Quartz Mining Com
pany, killed himself and whole family, consisting of
- f T " J . t 1 . . . . .
Aia, wire uonnua, anu mree cnuuren, cuen, uooert,
and Lorinda. Prussic acid was the means of prod lac
ing death; the cause is supposed to be pecuniary em-
. Darrassments. urennen was a native or Ireland,
A meeting of the French residents of San Francisco
had been held, and an address prepared to be sent to
Louis Napoleon, expressive of the feelings of the sign
ers in relation to the recent attempt to assassinate tbe
junperor or f ranca. The address is extremely loyal
in its tone. . .,
The U. 8. S. St Mary, Com. Davis, arrived at
San Francisco on the 21st ult, from the Sandwich
Islands. All well. She would proceed to Mare
Island navy yard to be repaired.
Uaites! State. :
The all-absorbing topic in the papers was still
Kansas. The Lecompton constitution, accompanied
by a message, had been sent into Congress by Mr.
Buchanan. The President says that a great delusion
seems to pervade the public mind in regard to the
state of parties In Kansas that the dividing line
there is not between two political parties, both ac
knowledging the lawful existence of the governc'-i,
but between those who are loyal to the government
and those who are endeavoring to destroy it by force
and usurpation, and that their erts wool! krr
been aooomplisbed had it not beca fr the troc-j cT
the United States. The rrtii t fzni.tr statistic
a lare portion of the r j a L' - i Lave ttm ii
a state of actual rtbeilloa vnx L; ; 1 i laauarrtl.a,
and that tbe Topeka covencrt L ' : direct oposU
tkn to the one prrseentscTL-1 1 1 trCci-recx
Ca toaarr-rd tl fci 1- r j V" r3t
r-zrtt tiUt U xti u 1 tfr, wr
( -e constitution cf C United P.:,:;,, iJ via i -j
Is as much at!iva CtxisaaCUo u -rr?'"!-1
Mr. Buchanan advocates the . ? V''n..
Kansas as a State, as the only menL 0 ot
tranquility to that distracted Territor Ttorin '
mated and exciting debate ensued in tnsL, . nw
the motion to print the message, wh;!.h ate.nln
nntil the hour of adjournment In the n nt,niled
.excitement and confosi'-' jailed. ThT "I8. muc
ject, it was thoughts vauTbe referred
committee, and the admission of Ksdsm nr ,lfct
the present ' ; errd f0r
Further intelligence from Washington mfi5
report that Mr. Bernhisel, the Mormon ddeST
made propositions to the President for the puwh
of the Mormon property in Utah. Mr. BucW
appears to have rather rejected the overt urea ofl5
Berniahel. who is said to ba acting without the V
thority of Brigbam Young. Mr. Bernhisel reprW"
the Mormons as generally inclined to peace,
Later and favorable accounts of the Utah expedL
' tion have been received from Colonel Johiutonbv
tbe War Department Colonel Johnston had
tered four .additional companies of volunteers iota
service for a period of nine months. The troops were
in good health, and very comfortable in their wiuter
quarters. , An abundant supply of fat beef had been
obtained from a settlement to the north of Salt Lake.
Our latest accounts from the headquarters of the
army of Utah are the 18th of December. At that
time the troops were all in good condition, an i aa com.
fortable as circumstance would permit The various
bodies of military remained at the encampments pre
viously mentioned. CoIonelJohnston was of opinion
that active hostilities would commence in the spring.
General William Walker, at last accounts, was at
New Orleans, where tbe Urand Jury have found
true bill against bim for a violation of the neu
The unusually mild weather was the topic of e I
venation and newspaper remark everywhere. :
vet, there bad been scarcely a touch of our old fi
toned winter. In New York, with but few exceptil
we have had a succession of warm, spring-like d
ever since November. Some have been so positiv
sultry, that people have set at open windows
parlor fires seemed a superfluity.
When the news of General Hsveloek's death r I
ed the United Sates, the flags in New Tor7 l
Boston harbors were displayed at half-mast CJ
two papers thought this an act of fiunkeyism, bull
majority regarded it as a generous and spontanea
outburst of feeling at the death of a brave soldier s
a Christian gentleman, whose great services bi
been too tardily recognised by the Powers that
In matters of feeling, the people are always rigb
and the American people, Drave themselves,
sympathize with virtue and true courage where
they are found over the world.
The latest advice from Mexico diaelno a aail
of affairs in that country. Civil war has broke!
at the Capital, and there had already been cons.
. f . . . 1 1 1 m . .
aoie ngnung oeiween me partisans 01 tne rres
and their opponents, under General Zuloacra
has pronounced against the General and in favor l
Santa Anna. The partisans of the latter had posses,
sion of the citadel and several convents, from which
they were Bring upon tne city. One hundred per.
sons had been killed in the streets. All was conster
nation and confusion. The foreign consols had hoist,
ed their flags, and respectively extended their protec
tion to their countrymen ; but the natives were
gathering their goods and hastening from the city.
The revolution had extended to many of the provinces,
and the downfall of Comonfort was considered almost
American R?ini Exouuro. Mr. Ten Broeck
is still confidentthat he can beat the English horses.
If Prioress goes on improving, by next spring she is
expected to be the best horse in England. Great
hopes are entertained of Babylon. - When this latter
colt was taken abroad, he was accompanied by two or
three one year olds, which, in time, are also to con
tend on the British turf under American colors. Mr.
Ten Broeck's engagements in England extend to
1861, and it is reported that when he returns there
a : in 1 s. j . . .
ucax opruig, uo win uiaaa it u is resilience anu iuiure
rd times still continue. At a sale of rare auto
graphs the other night, " Bluff King Hal" went for
a dollar ; the Poet Pope, for 75 cents ; the " Iron
Duke," for fifty cents, and some distinguished char
acters of Charles L's reign for a dollar each.
- At a recent Republican caucus at Washington it
was resolved, upon the advice of Gov. Seward, not to
agitate the slavery question, but attend to legislation.
One thousand applications have been already filed
for commissions in the new regiments asked of Con
The great steamer Leviathan has been pushed to
within six feetof the extremity of tbe launching ways.
She would remain in that position till the prevailing
spring tides were over, when she would be pushed off
. the ways and so await the high tides at the end of
January to float ber. The London Daily A"ewt, by
the last steamer says :
Tbe progress of the Leviathan though slow is con
sidered satisfactory, and every one connected with
the undertaking now looks forward confidently to the
close of the operations by the early part of next week.
About the same distance was traversed yesterday as -on
the previous day, namely, ten feet, and the move
ments of the sh ip were throughout of the same char
acter. " The starts' vary from about three to tea
inches, and the vessel brings up" by the effect of '
tbe friction upon tbe metals, and not by application
of power to the brakes on the check tackle. The
movements of tbe ship, when . passing over the ways,
produces the most extraordinary vibratory effects.
As soon as a start ia effected the ground for a consid
erable distance from the timber framework trembles
as if from an earthquake, aud the "ways" themselves
oscillate as though their foundations must give way.
X It is surprising with what a degree of interest this
slow progress of launching is still regarded. Tbe
banks of tbe river adjoining the yard have been
crowded during the last two or three days by hun
dreds of persons, many of whom have remained dur
ing many hours patiently and anxiously awaiting each
start of the ship. : Every movement may be seen from
tliis spot The first evidence of movement is exhib
ited by the sudden slackening of the massive hauling
chains from the lighters in the HAer, which clatter
and clank against each other in an agitated manner.
A start of not more than an inch has a clear and dis- ;
tinct effect upon the chains, while a movement of
three or seven inches has so great an effect that on
would suppose that the Leviathan had fairly bolted"
into the water.
Reform meetings were being extensively held, both
in London and the Provinces. The Chartists wer
taking a part in them. .
The deaths of Marshal Radetsky, Redschid Paalia,
and the actress Rachel are announced. . , .
An afrocious attempt was made on the evening of
14th January to take the life of Louis Napoleon and
his empress. At 8 o'clock, at tbe moment of their
Majesties arrival at Italian Opera House, ami
hen in the Rue l:uer, three explosions of shells.
thrown at the c. iage, were heard. A number of the
crowd who weT standing by tbe doorway, several of
resold iers of the escort and of tbe Garde de Paris,
were wounded, three of tbem mortally.
- Neither the Emperor nor the Empress was touched.
The Emperor's face was only slightly scratched by
frag merits of glass. A piecoof sliell, however, pieroal .
bi? Majesty's hat, and (Jen. Roguet, Aid-de-Camp ia
waiting, who was sitting in tbe carriage, was slightly
wounded on the back of the head. The carriage it
self was much shattered. .
, The Emperor and Empress, on entering the opera,
were received with the. warmest enthusiasm.. The
course of the performance went on as usuaL : f
Their Majesties left tbe opera at midnight The
Boulevards were spontaneously illuminated, and s
vast concourse of people cheered the Emperor and tbe
Empress most enthusiastically and touching! as they
passed on their way to the Tuileries. " ' ,
The conspirators are Italians. They came in
England, and belong to the sect of assassins. At
least 200 arrests have been made. Sixty persons is
all were wounded , among whom were the Comp
troller of the Opera, an odoer of police and two ladiei
at a window. The projectiles used were oooicaL
Among the arrests are two "Italian counts, named
Orsini and Pierre, The police of Paris had bee"
forewarned of the attempt oa the life of the Emperor, j
The severity of the cold, and the cessation of build
ing operations which it has occasioned, have caosea
a great number of workmen to visit tbe cheap
kitchens, established under , the patronage of the
V.. 1 ik At t T.o fWh of toes
kitchens distributes dally on an average from W,0W
to 15,000 portions of soup, meat, or vegetables ; ew
portion eosts only 10c., and the half portions may
had for 6e '
The Oneen of Spain in her speech to the CorteJ m
regard to the Mexican quarrel, merely remarlos ,
ake has accepted tbe mediation of France and Got
land as proof of the oenciliction which animates ba,
but that under any circumstances, the honor
reputation of Epain must be preserved intact j
Kaeaini bad published an article of eight eofoBW.
in the Italia del Popolo, addressed to tne n
action , and telling them that to conspire is a01 " ,
right, but duty. .; ,
TSa nrr.!aa of the district of Nixnl Novgorod, toi-
bwL - the example of tLe nobles ef thun'Vr. ,
It rc-nrg, Lad asied the Emperor's P3
to erfrs-! t":!r etrZ. The Emperor gtw
lasltai etas VTsietaw .
vit i in A may ce samursa s j u . - -tnornc;
t ef thedaath of CenJ I'1,0!?-
txpirU a fcw days ar tit
dysry, toufht on brerosura and
Cz-'-S V t Ilea e C::i I- meniw i
tj tTjl trrly cot r czi YtkLtb; hsr .
r V t v. 1. and the eai"M
avsaw.SJa wssww - V w
- -I ? i