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mcDxesDjr Krziri.wQ, Miriam.
The past weJuei closed, has been dccidaCy th dullest of
x n Met, sur nsnal sprint? aad sammer atanaiion in
trad appears to have fairly commenced. Fur me next four
months we may expect that nothing abort of tk arrival or de
part ore of CaJtfbrnia packet win ha pan any vitality to trade.
The bark MawJIower tailed on Monday ssornios; fcr Poftt
Sound. . We remark anna activity hi the passenger trad to
that point, otartMkaa stlsaoUtad ay the reports of gold diseore-
Tort Corvine, Yane-mrer IUnd, and ether potnta in
land from the eraat range. . The above vessel, together with the
- p' Ftttr, took fourteen passengers to the Sound.
The Iron acaoooer .4ies fct undergoing repairs, and win sail
about Satartlay en a trading voyage to Vancouver's laland and
elsewhere. It A not a Bute gratifyiog to note the continued ex
iori ef native prod see. and the re-exporta of foreign gooda it
" eut ear aannal exhibits of the halinrs of trade, a
f-atnre of no Utile Interest to the bnna community.
" e are pteaaed to learn that arrangenwnta are m progreaa for
the eatanBahmgne nf n "rr PtiTTtaffcrti 1 thv I'l
of Maid. It ia not a little surprising that enterprise of 'thia
ort are as rare tr, wha it ia known that at ne thne within
the put flveoraixyear have pricee Ullra below that point which
ord a lair profit to the prod nrrr, we aha know that the profita
f the wgar plantations the paat year hare been eaormcas, and
that the prospect few the fat are la decidedly encouraging. The
market of the Pacifle have beema ao nearly regulated that
there la no good reason to expect toch another gint in angar aa
oeenrrel in the fail of 1551, or any aertoos efepresssoa ewpt at
rare intervale, if at aU. While we rejoice to ate the whaling
nefarot prosecuted with such energy oat of our port, yet we
really hdleve that enough floating capital can be (mod in Bono,
lata ooi aide of enterprise, to art eome half a doaen auger
plantation of magnitude agotog on a large scale, with a syttem
tie maaagement to ensue success.
COrrCS The . Tamng, bom Haaalei, brought to hand
aome SCO bags of thia article, which will beahipped to California
em plantation account. - -
CftAVBZRBJXS-Salea of 60 half-bria, ex Reentry, at $5,
aaid to be the beet lot ever brought here.
FIB t-WOOD The Mock ia increasing somewhat with a (mall
demand-fobbing at S 0 $13.
CTKJIASTS galea at Sic per Bk.
D&H.L1XQ At auction, bales at 10c.
SHKITIXO At auction, balea at ic
LATEST DATES, reerivesl al I hie Ol
Saw Francisco . -T AprO I Pari - -. - . Trti 13
Panama, X. G.,- - Mar.16 I Honf kor. . . . Jan. 23
Sew Tor - Mar. j Meibouroe, X. 8. W.. Jan. 27
tendon- - Feb. U I Tahiti - - - . I Mar. 2
' Ship' Mail.
for Sas Faawctaco So veaeel up.
Vor Tajaoonvaa'a IoLaxn per Reoavery, to-day.
For Aacnc Ockaji -per Hack Warrior UxUy.
For Laxana per Ka Mot, to-morrow. ,
For Hno per Mannokawai, to-day. ;
For RUrAf per Kxoel, to-day.
port or nouoi.ui.Tj. n. i.
May 7 ch Kamot, Chadwick. from lahaina.
f Brig John Dnnlap. Ltidoit, front Kona, Hawaii.
0 Sen Mannokawai, Berkley, from Hilo.
9 Sch Moikeiki , HaiL from Kaholui.
8ch Kamehameha IT. from Kohala.
10 8eh Kinooie, Onlack. from Knoa, HavaiL
11 3ch Kxcei, Antonio, from Kauai.
May Maria. Motteno, for Kona. Hawaii, via T.hn,
10 Mayflower, Raymond, for Teekaiet, W. T.
11 Kamehameha IV, fir Knhala.
13 Sch Kinooie, for Kona, Hawaii.
VESSELS IX PORT. MAT It.
Br brig Recovery. Mitchell.
Black Warrior, Brown.
Sch Alice, Galea.
ManookawaL Beck ley.
John Dualap. Dudoit,
rlo Esaeeied frem Fwreixm Perta.
Am bark Fanny Major, Paty, will be doe from San Franciaco
about May IS to 17.
Sch Palrethw. Perriman. la dae at thia port en route for San
rranciaeo, to C. A. it H- F- Poor.
The Am dt'prer bark Melita, of II. A. Pierce k Co. Hne, waa
to aafl from Boaton for Bonoinln direct. Feb. 20. and will be doe
nerw Jane JO, with merehaiMrise to B. W. Field.
Ship John Marshall, Pendleton, from Jarvea Island, with
guano, w about doe.
The .Via, packet Morning Star win be doe from Maraueaaa
J"ut r :y 20.
Th c'ipper ach Tarpjero, X ewe II, frnm Melbourne for San
Franciaco, will be doe here about June IS.
For TtxaUaXT-per Mayflower, May S 14 bria mnlaaata, 9
Fmn Laaaraa per Karooi, May 7 7S kegs augar, U bUa
ahaw. M br potAiora. 100 mat tkina, 2 hne. .
Prat Kowa, Hawaii p-r John Dan la p. May 816 enrd of
arewned, 1300 goat akina, S3 tag beana, 6 bags ooiona, bach
From KAHxn per JtoIVeiki. May 8 10 aheep, 1 cask tal
low. 2 hide. 26 goat akina. 1 mtlodenn, 20 hhl potatoes. 60 kegs
agar, 2S bbis molamta, 2 firkin batter. 1 baaket eggs. '
Far TxaXAtrr per Mayflower. May S Messrs Q Babe, '
gbeiman, O C Moobey, Kbnopupuka and Cia. .
Jnc Xivtnit per Mary. May 6 Mr and Mr Cornwall.
Mesere Bennett, Louxada. Smith, Mallett, Loogford, Master ft
Maefarfane, and 20 on rk.
For Laaarf a per Jf . m. May ft Hon O M RoberUon. W G
Parke, J T Waterhouve. B II Rr-binson. Mr and Mrs J W Aus
tin. W K Swop. Dr Robt MeKlhbin, J FalVm, Mr Green.
For Kosa. Hawaii per Maria. May 0 H X Greenwell-
Fmn LASarsA per Kamoi, May T Rev-Mr Armstrong,
Mr Avery, 10 on deck.
From Rosa. HiWAt per John Vnnlap, May 10 0 CSpald
lue. and 15 on dck.
Frnm KoTtA, Ha wait per Kinooie, May 14 Rev Mr Thurs
ton. Mr Thurston, Mr T G Thnrnon, Mia Tbarston, Mr John
Herrieoo. and 79 on deck. i :
P LACKS OP WORSHIP.
SEA MIX'S BETHFL Rev. S. C.tlaman Chaplain King
street, near the Soil. its' Hntne. Preaching on Sundays at
11 A. a. and 7t r. X. Seats free. Sabbath School after
the morning services.
FORT STREET CHTRCH Corner of Fort and Beretania t.,
Pulpit temporarily occupied by Rev. Lorrln Andrew.
Preach :at; on Sundays ar 1 '. A. a. and 7) T. a. Sabbath
School sseets at 10 a. a.
MKTEODI3T CHTRCH Nunana avenue, earner of Totni
, ., street Rev. Wm. 8. Turner, Pastor. Preaching erury
Sun. lay at 11 A. M. and h r. a. Seata free. Sabbath
. School meets at 10 a.m.
KEtQ"S CHAPEL Kinv street, abore tha Palace Rev. E. W.
: Clark Pastor. Services, ia Hawaiian every Sunday at
H a. a. and 3 r. a. .
CATHOUC CHV RCH Fort street, near Beretania under the
charge of Rt. Rev. Bishop Maigret. assiMed by Abbe
f Jtfodeste. Services every Sunday at 10 a. a. and 2 r. a.
tMTTira C7JTRCH Beretania street, neasVntuurt street
- Rev. Lowell Smith Paatnr. Services, in Hawaiian, every
Sunday at 10 A. a. and 2 r. x.
. The Catkolle Caarcb mm Drnnkraarm. .
Bishop Byky, the Catbolio Bishop of New Jer-
i i , : . i : ,
awy, oas iSirea a manuesio nnogiog ids mireuiuerj
of the church to bear against the vice of drankenneas.
Ilia letter on the subject baa been read in all the
churches, in which he calls attention to two classes
the drunkards themselves and the dealers in liquor.
Lsamng to the pastors the choice of the particular
means to be need, he suggests that each should keep
a list of the drunkards and liquor dealers in his
church. He says:
' l am determined to make nse cf the most severe
'measures against all who are addicted to this scandal
ous and destructive vice; and if they continue in the
nractice of it they moat do it as outcasts from the
Catbolio church, who have no right to the name cf
Catholic while they live, nor to Christian burial when
If a. Emrom I cut the above from the New Tork
Xzpre. of Feb. 26th. As drunkards all come from
the class of temperate drinkers, mnd from no other.
and as M no drunkard shall inherit the kingdom of
heaven." if Holy Writ is to be believed, I for one,
think the above decision of Bishop Bayley perfectly
within the scope of bis official duties.
, la it not frightful to contemplate the responsibility
of men in this community, who hold up their heads
ao respectable, and who are constantly engaged in
the deplorable business of drunkard-making? Money
ia mad by selling Cqoor, whereby drunkards are
raade; and yet those who are the direct means of
latsiniaj thia deplorable traffic, seem to be entirely
CxIIons to the evil they are doing, the characters
they are ruining, the temporal and eternal woe
tatir conduct entails upon their victims, their own
grinding at th judgment day, and all the retribu
tions of eternity ! T A nutting Awful position ! May
yrx fpi 1 kerp clear fit? a .,.Jt,,Z-
Warn la tn Wlwel I
LTi. ritTO-The government organ has frequently
ilsml why yoa had nothing to say against the Do--
Pablao Instruction, and when in yoor last
aVMrriain of 6 waste of the school fiud rpen a
C I'y up atlas (I aa obliged fcr the informa-
.J , - t. tKn KA V tha Vnlttammlmm wtm Urn
ll;t rJy p and rnahea to the rescue of the
. : tiiM atlas f . I dem'l '&nli lit the
; ; " : T" zt trh.-Tcar astsx-r 7 Lsi"
" J - jrcitie wotkof vUck l7aC.U
; e wowJ iavw udertaJkea its deBoe. B.
SPECIAL BUSINESS NOTICE. ,
Paper ready for mailing can be procured at our counter
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T exits. Six Douors per annum.
Single Cop Lea 12 cent each.
. aocrra ro th comukbclh. ax nanus.
Makawao, . Maui
C. 8. BARTOW, Esq. '
L. L. TOKBERT, Etc.. .
Capt. J. WORTH,
('apt. JAS. A. LAW.
THUS. II. PA Rid, Esq.
Dr. J. W. SMITH.
L. P. FISHER, Esq., Mer. Ex.
B. IXSDSEY. Ed. Ship LiiU
Hila, Hmurmti -
Kona, Hawaii -
Son franruco. Cat
Htm Bedford mna U. S.
THURSDAY, MAY 13.
Pketiocs to the year 1851, there was no law
for the regulation of prisons on these islands, but
tlie charge of criminals was entrusted entirely to
the capricious and unsystematic regulation of the
different governors. At the session of 1851, an
Act was passed entitled "an Act relating to
prisons, their government and discipline," under
which it was intended to institute a regular pri
son system to supply a want which had long been
felt at the different ports of the islands. Like
four-fifths of the laws on the Hawaiian Statute
Book, the Prison Act remained for a number of
years a perfectly dead letter, with all its pro
jected machinery of masters, inspectors, wardens
and chaplains, whose duties were fully set forth in
one hundred and fourteen sections. It was not
till the year '57 that a movement was made to
wards the erection of a prison building, and the
result is the very creditable affair at Leleo. This
is the enly systematically conducted prison on the
islands, and so far as it goes under the law, we
have no fault to find with it. The degree of per-
fec ion to which its government has arrived,
should serve as an incitement to expect still bet
ter things. Beyond the very passable lock-up at
Lahaina, and the one at Leleo, there is scarcely
another prison on the islands worthy the name.
Many of the districts are utterly destitute of any
government building, however wretched, in which
offenders can be detained either for trial or pun
ishment, and in most of those places dignified by
the name of a Hale Paahao, the total absence of
bolts and bars prevents any disagreeable feeling
of restraint on the part of those who are supposed
to be in the custody of the law, and the conse
quence is that they roam at large. How far this
state of things is likely to improve the morals of
the people and secure a wholesome respect for
law, is a question which we will not now discuss.
In the present state of the treasury and the cen
tralized character of our public institutions, we
cannot perhaps look f r anything better in the
remote districts. Time and experience alone can
bring about the desired results. In the meantime,
however, let us begin here, in the metropolis,
with the initiation of a proper prison system, the
results of which may gradually be developed
throughout the country.
In the first place, we should have for our object
in the conduct of prison discipline, the reforma
tion of criminals, as well as their punishment.
We have great faith in human capabilities
for reform and improvement, and profess no sym
pathy in common with the austere creed of those
who, having marked one false step, one crime
even, in a man or woman, set them down from
that moment as forever lost to virtue and truth.
And we consider that government has a duty to
perform towards that crowd of men whom we see
every day passing through the streets on their
way to and from the public works, quite as im
portant as that of their safe-keeping. For the
more hardened class of offenders those who,
having served one term of imprisonment, commit
the second offense, there is perhaps but little
hope of reformation. But it is far otherwise with
the youthful criminal, convicted of a first offense.
With such, degrading punishment is a dangerous
course. , " ' jert in gangs, side by side with the
hardened criminal, the hope of reform is effectu
ally debarred- -it would be more than human to
resist pollution the man becomes a marked one,
and when at length, his time of service expired,
has released, it is with the thorough schooling of
rontempt for law which such companionship in
variable produces. Self-respect gone without
which man is unfit to live the brand of a felon
in his soul he goes forth to prey afresh upon
society, having received the finish to his education
at the government expense.
. We urge then the introduction into our prison
regime of a system of classification of criminals,
as the first and most important movement in the
direction of reform. If it is intended that pun
ishment shall answer the purpose for which it
was designed, . we must make distinctions in
criminals. As things are at present, the sending
of men to our government prison is but taking
the shortest course, nine times out of ten, to
make confirmed, reckless scoundrels of them.
We have believed with Bulwer, that 44 the worst
use you can pat a man to is to hang hnu," but
it becomes a question as to whether hanging in
the outset would not be a preferable course for
the benefit of all concerned. And thus it will be
so long as the old principles are retained in our
prisons, and men are punished merely for the sake
of punishment, while no rational efforts are made
for their reformation. Let there be commenced,
in our prisons and on our public works, a
thorough classification a separation not only
of the sexes, but of the young and the adult, and
these again to be classed according to the nature
of their offenses and the terms of their sentences,
in time, to be arranged into 44 intractable,"
44 well conducted," and 44 reformed." Thus, the
run-a-way sailor though guilty of an offense
which is often an aggravated one, an offense
which justice and a regard to the interests of
commerce demands that we should punish
promptly and effectively often well-born,' well
educated, but deluded, should be kept apart from
the thief and the burglar. Uniformity of inter
nal regime, coarse and scrupulously clean clothes,
with a simple fare, are all perhaps to be w itnesocd
to-day at Leleo. But there is a fatal and dreary ab
sence of intellectual, moral and religious instruc
tion of that moral surveillance which is more ef
fective titan material restraints. While the haMS of
all true prison discipline is wore, yet to give that
work a reformative effect, it should bo remuner
ating and self-supporting. All labor that is
punitive only, and not reformative, is worse than
useless. 44 They manage these things better
in France." The labor among the French con
victs is more varied, more amusing, more inter
esting and intelligent than that of any other
nation. And in this connection it may be stated
that statistics prove that in Prussia, where the
prison discipline is rather punitive than reforma
tory, the proportion of crime to the inhabitants is
twelve times greater than in France. .
This subject of prison discipline is one that has
long been agitated in Europe and America, and,
founded upon truth and humanity, it roust pro
gress, mere is no reason wny we, in our smau
way, may not adapt to the treatment .of Hawaiian
criminals the lessons which are drawn from
foreign erperiVnce. 1 ' f
SB I 1
Ths Catsnxo Trade. The Liholiho, the Emma
and the Mice, having been taken off to go foreign,
and the Fek&vluohi laid up to repair, reduces our
number of island coasters to twelve. During the
dull sea?n, these may supply the demands of inter-
Uland trade, bat in the fell they would hardly eome
to the requirements of bnin.
Tfco WorleTa Prwreaew
A recent arrival from the States brought in
telligence of the consummation, in England, ol'a
great work of human skill and labor. A gigantic
steamship of twenty-two thousand five hundred
tons register, with a capacity for coals and cargo
of eighteen thousand tons, and capable of convey
ing an army of twelve thousand five hundred
men, has fowi completed, launched, and now
awaits only the final outfit and equipment for a
voyageacross the ocean. In solidityandstrength
of construction, the great Leviathan has probably
no equal in the world and in gracefulness , of
proportion and elegance of form, no superior,
We trust that she will endure to make many t
safe passage from continent to continent, and that
in all respects she will answer the expectations of
her builders. With regard to the pecuniary
profits of the enterprise, indeed, we have much
doubt. Those who have invested their money
in it with a view to golden returns, will perhaps
be disappointed. But however this may be, there
is no question that the undertaking, so boldly
conceived and so triumphantly carried out, is one
of the grandest monuments of modern skill and
labor ; and the name of Brunei, known to the
world before as that of the engineer of the Thames
tunnel, now assumes, as the architect of the great
Leviathan, a foremost place among the names of
The great Leviathan is a type of the commerce
of the world. But a few hundred years ago the
trade of nations was carried on chiefly by means
of caravans, which wended their weary way
among the mountains of the Caucasus, and the
deserts of Arabia, bearing to and fro in mutual
exchange, the treasures of the east and west.
Maritime commerce was of less importance than
inland. But the discovery of the properties of
the compass in the year 1200, gave an impetus to
this branch of commercial intercourse ; and since
then commerce has rapidly expanded under the
discoveries and improvements of a growing civili
zation, until now, in the latter part of the nine
teenth century, it has brought together for the
exchange of staples, nations of the ends of the
earth. It has sent forth its ships to every sea,
and its messengers to every land. The entire
surface of the globe is covered with its golden
meshes. It is comparatively but a few years
since a vessel of one hundred tons burthen was
deemed amply sufficient for all the purposes of
commercial intercourse. Jow a great Leviathan,
with a carrying capacity equal to that of two
hundred and twenty such ships of olden times, is
deemed none too large for the purpose of trade.
The construction of the great Leviathan, too,
affords an excellent illustration of the character
of the age in which we live. Progress is the
great watchword of the day progress, not in the
barren sense of filibustering ambition, but in the
sober and practical sense of improvement and re
form. The past century has been eminently one
of great events. And now, more than at any
other period, the minds of men Seem to look for
ward to and strive after great objects. As civili
zation approachetj perfection men find that knowl
edge affords the surest pith t wealth and fame ;
and incited by the prospect of such reward, the
human mind is up, everywhere, exploring, in
vestigating and recording. In the various depart
ments of art, science and literature, and, indeed,
in every branch of attainment, there is a strong,
sustained, enduring effort for advancement. It
is gratifying to observe how the different nations
of the earth are vying with each other in this
general steeple chase after knowledge, and how the
discoverer of an important scientific fact, or the
accomplisher of a great and unprecedented me
chanical, artistic or literary work, belong to what
country he may, becomes at once a character in
Among the improvements which have assisted
commerce to make its rapid advances are those in
relation to the form of the ship rendering it bet
ter adapted than formerly to battle with the j
winds and waves, and better fitted fur its intended ,
burden. The iron chain has taken tho place of
the hemp cable, and iron h:ts been brought more
generally into use in lieu of weaker and more un
wieldy material. There are for example, the iron
beam and knee, the iron pillar, the iron anchor.
The great Leviathan possesses, in common witli
hundreds of other vessels, an iron hull ; and of
late, iron standing rigging has bten intro
duced, and is said to be far superior in many re
spects to rope. Improved charts, nautical alma
nacs and superior instruments of observation con
tribute to the safety of cargo and the preservation
of life. But above all other improvements rise
the employment of steam and the electric tele
graph the one enabling the freighted vessel to
speed its way through storm and calm across tho
seas, and the other bearing news and communi
cating results with lightning speed. What a
contrast the magnificent steamers of Europe
and America present' to the imperfect craft
of yet uncivilized nations of the world
the canoes of Central Polynesia, consisting of
rude plank tied together with ropes and the
Chinese junk which, though on a higher scale, is
still almost as awkward as a raft and but little
safer ! The introduction of steam power is by
far the greatest improvement yet made in com
merce. Rapid rivers and intricate channels offer
but little impediment to the modern steamer. All
parts of the ocean are broken by the splash of its
paddle wheels. Everywhere 44 the spirit of Robert
Fulton moves upon the face of the waters."
But while improvement has been so busily at
work in the commercial world, its march has
been as wonderful, its progress as rapid in the
field of agriculture agriculture which was the
first employment of man, and in which more
than any other branch of industry lie the sources
of national wealth. The invention of the cotton
gin by Whitney was one of the most valuable dis
coveries ever made. For thousands of years the
soft and silky produce of the cotton plant was
almost useless from the difficulty of removing the
seeds with which it was filled ; so great was the
labor of picking it by hand that cotton cloth was
nearly as valuable as silk. Whitney's invention
doubled the valueof lands in the Southern United
States and swelled the production of American
cotton from a few bales to more than a thousand
million pounds providing employment for the
spindles and looms of both Europe and America.
The introduction of labor saving tools, too, has
done much for the elevation and advancement of
agricultural labor the employment of tools and
machines which, without being so complex as to
easily get out of repair, or to be unintelligible to
the rustic mind, make a great saving in the
amount of labor, and can at the same time be af
forded so cheaply as to be accessible to every in
dustrious man. Among the improvements of this
kind- we find the' winnowing and threshing
machines, horse rakes, harvesters, seed planters,
&c., &e.t which have saved an . immense amount
of weariness and the patent churn which' dairy
maids, in particular, have to bless. In agricul
tural as well as in maritime improvements, the
substitution of iron for wood has been one of the
chief instruments of progress. ;i r ,
Chemistry within the last few years has done
much for the advancement of agriculture, by
! teaching the character and deficiencies of soils,
and the proper materials to be applied to them
a manures. " Scientific agriculture is coming
more and more into the favor of the farmers every
year. Agricultural schools, connected with model
farms, have been introduced and are supported in
sxrnie errarrtries, with beneficial reaulta for they
unite theory and practice and afford opportuni
ties for intelligent experiment. Agricultural so
cieties, like the one which we have among us, are
always useful, and tend directly to promote agri
cultural prosperity and enterprise.
In the mechanical and useful arts, however,
progress is perb ps more perceptible than in any
other branch of labor. Labor saving machines
have been introduced everywhere, with the effect
to increase manufacture and cheapen prices."
Their introduction has revolutionized the indus
trial world. Since the discovery of gunpowder
and printing we have had the spinning jenny and
power loom ; stereotype plates and power presses ;
the manufacture of iron into nails and screws at
a price less than that of the raw material for
merly ; the planing machine of Woodworth ; and
the various kinds of saws, water wheels, See. In
olden times distaffs were used in spinning ; and it
- is related that Hercules was once rapped over the
head by Omphale for awkwardly holding her's.
Now a nation may be clothed in cottons in less
time than was formerly required to prepare the
cotton for the spindle. Every year enough thread
is spun in tho manufactories of the world to reach
two or three times from one planet to another.
Indeed, if the world goes on a great many tliou
sand years more, improving as it has during the
last century, nothing less than comets will d for
our manufacturers' shuttles, and ' the asteroids
will have to be used for the bobbins to unreel the
thread. The transformation which the invention
of the steam engine has made in the department
of mechanics is familiar to every one and the
new kinds of machinery to which it gave rise are
improving each succeeding year. The simple ap
plication of rotary motion to machinery, regu
lating the movements of saws, paddles, presses,
&c, &c, has increased a hundred fold the gen
eral comforts oi the human race. The materials
for war furnish also a field for the inventive fac
ulties of the human mind ; and we see the results
in our Congreve rockets, revolving pistols, Minie
rifles, and the great gun at Woolwieh, England,
which, with a charge of one hundred pounds of
powder, is capable of throwing a shell, three feet
in diameter, to the distance of a mile and a quar
ter. The subtle, and once unmanageable agent, elec
tricity, is now applied to many uses one of the
most curious of which is that of electro-metal
lurgy, by which process the most delicate objects
may be plated, or minutely copied in silver, gold
or other metal even the stamens and pistils of
flowers and the eyes of the common house fly are
transferred with scrupulous fidelity to tje metal
lic copy. The discovery of Daguerre has bene
fitted science by impressions of the sun, moon and
6tars ; and already the rajs of the sun have be
gun to supersede the draftsman in the prepara
tion of blocks for the engraver.
It is thought by many that the improvements
which have been introduced into machinery tend
to lessen the demand for useful labor a narrow
view, which a moment's reflection will dissipate.
We quote the following paragraph from a French
work on political economy by Mr. Joseph Gran
" In many cases, machines, fir from supplanting
liuniin labor,' have multiplied it. In fact, every
nbridrnient of labor, by reducing the cost of produc
tion, carries the manufactured article to the door of
a gieat number of consumers"; and experience proves
the consumers multiply in a greater decree than the
price decreases, especially when the method of man
ufacture improves the commodity. The diminution
of the price by a fourth has been known todoublethe
consumption. We will only cite two examples print
ing and cotton spinning. Although the steam press
enables one man to do the work of two hundred, the '
multiplication of books, the arts which are connected
with them, such as the casting of type, the fabrica
tion of paper, the professions ol author, corrector,
binder, etc., employ a thousand times as many per
sons as formerly were occupied in them; and what a
difference in form ami price between the manuscript
of early times and the books of the present." When
we c!serve the perfection of the machinery for spin
ning cotton, and the admirable rapidity with which
the bobbins are covered with thread, we may fancy
that the greater numler of persons formerly em
ployed in spinning, have been thrown out of work;
yet precisely the reverse has hapeued. Before the
iuvention of nmcbinery, only 521 Mt female spinners at
the wheel, and 2700 weavers, altogether tiKM) per- i
sons, were employed in l-'ngland; whilst in 1787, ten
years later, 150,tMH) spinners and 247,000 weavers,
or 31)7,000 persons, were reckoned."
Thus goes the world. Every new discovery or
invention, every important addition to human
knowledge, raises man one step higher above the
brutes, and one step nearer his God. Progress
seems to be an order of Nature ; and the nearer
man approaches the goal the more rapid is his
advance towards perfection. Whenever a new
field is opened a galaxy of inventors swarm around
to develope its treasures as in the case of tho
cotton gin, the steam engine and the telegraph.
The more there is known the more there seems to
be to acquire. Discoveries perhaps of greater
magnitude than any hitherto, remain yet to be
made, and there are to this day a host of pioneers
engaged in seeking for them. We may look for
great events in the world of science before the be
ginning of the year of our Lord nineteen hundred.
It seems that the practice of hulas, or native
dances, is becoming more universal every day.
To the countenance and support of the govern
ment, through the columns of the PoK ncsian and
otherwise, is clearly "due this retrograde movement
of the nation towards heathenism. Under the
plea of allowing the natives a harmless amuse
ment, long diatribes are written by the govern
ment editor upon the benefits of physical educa
tion, and the most shameless and licentious con
duct is practically licensed by the government it
self. It does not indeed commit itself to public
condemnation by openly fixing a price upon the
privilege of carrying on a hula,but we are informed
that presents in money, etc., are regularly set
apart from tho infamous earnings of the perform
ers, as a sort of douceur Or tribute to 4 the chief,"
and they loldly assert that they are under the
protection of government, and defy police inter
ference. But the disease is not confined to Hono
lulu alone the leprosy is spreading into the re
mote districts and attacks the previously indus
trious and moral among the people, inevitably
leading to idleness and all its attendant vices.
Startling as it miy seem, a return to idolatry is
only a natural result of the hula. Perhaps the
government organ, in order to be consistent, will
' next week advocate the revival of 44 the harmless
amusements of the heiau." The following ex
tract from an intelligent and reliable, corres
pondent at Waialua, on this island, reveals some
of the sad results of 44 a revival of the ancient
games and pastimes t .
44 This part of Waialua is Wo to the AaVa. One of
the leading deacons in the Protestant Church has now
a class of twelve whom he is instructing in the songs
and art.. He receives $10 per scholar. Idols, aa I
am informed by an intelligent native, are worshipped.
In one of the houses which are lilo to the hula, there
are three rdols4(2i feet high, so says report) Votive
offerings have been made to tbem and the deacon
above mentioned is said to have sacrificed a pig. One
of our enterprising natives complains that his child
ren have all left. him and gone to the hula. .He has
three yoke of oxen, &e., and his family leave him to
work alone. I think the above is t
currently reported among the natives.
mUA to knns it ia nut'?'. ,' rl A ". 5 I
think the above is true. -It is so
I would be j
It was bat recently that we Wroedfrom"RIaui
' of a similar instance of idol worship in. which
the parties were arrested and nedj 'Vi We shall
probably be tott 0x3 theWarVJaoted g" I
sneer will perhaps be fiang at ti-S Christian reli
gion, convert to which, are so easily won back
to heathenism but the truth ia too plain to be
longer ignored, L that the. Ilswamr, painfu!?y
trailing through their .ttanaii state,;, have
fallen into the hands of the Philistines their
natural guardians have opened the flood-gates of
destruction upon them, and unless a speedy check
is given to the evil, their doom is but a question
of time. -
We trust that this subject, which, in its bear
ings upon the morals of the people at large; is
far more important than the late 44 dWce-bos,,
question, will be taken up by the Legislature of
this year, and prompt and energetic action Imj
had upon it. With all true friends of the Ha
waiian race, there can be but one opinion in
NOTES OF THE WEEK.
- The bark Fanny My'or, Capt Paty, will be fully
due here on Sunday next. She will bring the N. York
mails of March 20th and April 5th.
The Honolulu Rifles. The event of the past week
has been the parade of the Honolulu Rifles on yester
day, under the command of Capt R. Coady. - The
Company turned out about thirty rifles, and as it
always does, looked extremely welL Preceded by a
band of music, they marched from their Armory at
9J, A- M., and proceeded direct to the ground which
had been selected for the encampment, an open spot
of green-sward, seaward of the Stone Church. Im
mediately on arriving on the ground, the snow-white
tents were pitched, and the guard was Bet; the scene
assuming the romantic appearance of the 44 tented
field." Next came the target practice, which, con
sidering the strong breeze that was blowing, evinced
a decided improvement on the previous occasion. Oat :
of ninety-nine shots fired thirty-three struck the
board, and fourteen were placed in the target Four
prizes were offered and won as foUows : . j
First best shot. Surgeon Hoffmann t prize, a Colt's Berolver. !
improved Dattern. . - ,
Second best shot. Private E. J. Smith prize, a Silver Port,
Third best shot. Private Waller ; prize, $25 in cash-.
Worst shot, Private Brickncddie ; prise, a beautinjl leather
Dr. S. P. Ford and A. J. Cartwright, Esq., were the
judges of the firing. Capt. Coady, Lieut. Spencer and
Private Lock wood, we learn, were the contributors of
i the $25. Surgeon Hoffmann having presented his
. prize to the Company, it was again shot for, and won
j by Sergeant W. R. Seal, this being the second
J Colt's pistol lie has similarly won in six months,
j After the target jractice, a sumptuous lunch was
j partaken of by the Company and invited guests.
After the lunch, a dance upon the green ; then drill,
during the still intervals of which, Mr. Rowland, the
Photographist, secured some very good views of the
encampment At about four o'clock the tents were
struck, and the Company, after parading through
the principal streets of the town, returned to their
armory, well satisfied with their day's recreation.
We are happy to know thnt this volunteer organiza-
tion, which is a decided honor to our town, is in a
flourishingly prosperous state. Long may it wave !
j The Wharf Lots. On Tuesday last a modest look
i ing poster was issued, informinjr the public that the
; sale of wharf lots on the, 44 New Esplanade" will take
place to-day, particular made known at sale."
From the fact that two auctioneers are engaged to do
the selling, it might be inferred that a heavy husi- j
ness is anticipated. The published plan of leasing
Ins been abandoned, but, with its usual short-sighted
policy, government intends to offer te lease of the j
lots on terms which render their sile very improba
ble. Six lots, on the line with James Robinson &
Co.s premises, ore to he offered for a term of fifty
years, at an upset price of J?5 SO per square
yard, which will bring their cost price to about
$3000 apiece. At the ra'e at which money is held
now, the ground-rent of eich lot will not he far from
SI 200 per annum. The Rp?anade in front of the
lots offered, is to be left at the preposterous width of
220 feet, for the purpose of affording room for the
storage and coopering of carjroes Cf oil, which it is
fallaciously pnpposed will be stored there in great
quantities. This is an attempt at reviving the ex
ploded idea of makin" Honolulu an entrepot instead
of a depot for transhipment. This much is all that
we are able to state in regard to terms, which have
only been mentioned since Tuesday, but 44 further
particulars," it is supposed, will be made known at
the time of sale, which is fixed for 12 o'clock, noon.
Unless far different plans are proposed than those we
have heard mentioned, we anticipate no competition
at the sale. '
Axscal Examination at Lahaixaliwa. From
the Hae Hawaii of yesterday, we learn that the An-
nual Examination of this Seminary took place on the
4th, 5th and 6th instant. The scholars were con
. sidered to have displayed a good proficiency in the
studies pursued. The study of the English language,
under the tuition of the Rev. C. B. Andrews, had
. been pursued with good success, and some of the
scholars were able to read and converse quite readily
therein. The difficulty of teaching the English
language to Hawaiians was "hot unapparent, though
! it was made equally evident that they are capable,
with gooa application, or acquiring it perfectly. The
1 singing in English, with the piano accompaniment
, was very creditable. There was a large audience
present at the examination, of both natives and
foreigners, and addresses were made to the scholars by
Messrs Timoten, Bishop and Armstrong, of a nature
calculated to incite the scholars and their parents to
i fresh exertions in the pursuit of usefu1 knowledge.
I On the whole, we should judge that the Lahainaluna
Seminary was in a prosperous condition.
A Goon Road. A correspondent informs us that
! owing to the exertion of Rev. Mr. Taylor, in North
. Kona, and of Mr. T. II. Paris, in South Kona, the
; government road-supervisors for those districts, a
. good passable carriage road has been completed from
near Kealakekua to Kailui, along the mountain side.
The writer says t 44 You pr bably remember what a
bad road it was formerly from Kailua to the bay
along the mountain, and that it required a good horso
and a man of some courage to undertake the jaunt
Thanks to our energetic road-supervisors, we have
' now a good carriage road all the way. Families
living ten miles apart have visited each other in car
riages with comfort and safety. It makes one think
the time is not far distant when we may, in this dis
tant spot, enjoy many of the comforts of home our
! The Government Pocno. A case occurred before
the native court the other day, which looked very
! much like an attempt at extortion. Several horses,
belonging to a foreigner, were put into the pound at
Pauoa, and the owner informed that by paying ten
dollars, the amount of damage which it was alleged
the animals had done to certain cultivated grounds,
; they would be liberated. The ten dollars was paidff
but an inauirv was set on foot of the owners of (he
' grounds said to be trespassed on, when it was ascer
tained beyond a doubt, that the story of damages
; was all a fabrication, the animals not having eaten
; so much as a spear of grass, or in fact, gone out of
the public road. - A suit was instituted at the native
court and the pound master was obliged to refund
the money. The thought occurs that possibly many
other trespass and damage cases may have been as
factitiously gotten up.
.Weights as b Measures. We frequently hear the
remark made that Honolulu needs a government in
spector of weights, and measures particularly the
latter. An official so termed ia to be found in almost
(every town of New. England, and his usefulness is
ever lived in that part of the world. An act of the
Legislature would: be. required, and we doubt not
could be easily obuinedto create the office here.
' Dxath or Pbofessob FBAJrcnt-In the N. T. TrU
bun ef Feb. 18th, appeals a statement by a 3Ir.
Edwards, that the report ef the death of Prof. Francis
i at JMIUaaor in a unci wiui a ivu utvurv, ww nniiwi
oaa, Mr.' Francis having eome to his - death . by the
accidental discharge of firearms In tl lad of
Moore. -.v - V
- a Goon ' HoirmxT Chatt. That is what tie
sailors tern a veeaef thai ia never tnr-9es-r!7 ia a
hurry about , be tripe. The JJtn Xa? , tLkh
arrived on Xlonday from Hawaii, was tlC-t cj&ly
thirty - Eve days'
l Jt tU tki'U t day
iTewa enr took to California and fcaek. .
Dull Times. This is the exclamation of every one
we meet in the streets now-avdays, and indeed we
meet but few. One may walk through the principal
business thoroughfare of the town Queen street
from one end to the other, at the hour of eleven A.
M., without meeting more than a dozen persons, and
in thoM he wiFl fail to detect the sliclteatvken of
"business of bustle. FronvS lively sprti ibason,
tiaies have dropped fiat upon the summer f our
discontent" ' Without an. arrival soon from : some
quarter, all topics of conversation and gossip will be
come exhausted and Honolulu; present the -melan
choly spectacle of a town without a subject to talk
Wanted. A Book of Quotations in order to enable
our 44 snapper-up": to compete with the Polynetian
in its flowery descriptions of Flour Companies. No
less than four bits of poetry and; one slice from the
Latin appears in; a short -article last weak on the
above subject Not having the authorities at 'bind.
we will only quote one that we just Mwrjreaesiber
which is descriptive ot our " leeunaar- . i ; . . v
And still they gazed, and still th wonder ft,..
IIor one small head contained the whole he knew.1 ' .
The Coffee Ceop. By letters weved from va
rious sources, we learn 4hat the ooffeSr crop of the
present year on Hawaii bids fair to exceed that of
several previous seasons. f What. with blight and
other less apparent causes, the yield of last year was
much smaller than usual both of coffee and oranges,
and following an almost invariable rule of alternation,
the present year will probably be remarkable for
abundance we hear nothing of the blight
Tub Last Whaler. The Black Warrior, Capt
Brown, having her small stores about all in, includ
ing the patent spring linces, sails to-day for the
Arctic As she is the last in the spring departures,
may she not be the least arrival in the falL
Ths Polynesia, Vomtmk XV The Polynetian
came out on Saturday, with the first number of its
fifteenth volume, having returned to its former
respectable size, and otherwise improved typograph
Crowded Oct. Several communications intended
for this issue are unavoidably crowded out
(Correspondence of the Commercial Advertiser.)
Pamela at the CwafeMUsml.
Instead of asking questions, as a cursory view of
his manuscript last week had led us to believe, Mr.
Punch has laboriously applied himself to the tak of
answering the questions propounded by others. His
answers indicate that he is a close observer and a
good statistician, though we are utterly at a loss to ac
count for his having apparently imagined himself to
be a missionary, and thus felt called upon to respond
to the queries addressed to those persons.
1. Total population of District of , Island of
2. Males under 10 years of see f 3. Females under 10 years of
age F 4. Males from 10 to 29. . Females from 10 to Mt .
Males from 20 to 40? 7. Females from 20 to 40? 8. Males
from 40 to 60? 9. Female from 40 to 60? 10. Married
pies ? 11. Do. with one child only ? 124ao- with tw
13. Do. with three children r 14 Do. wun more than three
children? 15. Number of farmers, or cultivators of land ? 16.
Number of irraziers, or raisers of cattle t 17. Number of fisher
men ? 13. Number of laborer, alle-hodied, male and female?
Id. Other occupations? 20. Daily wape paid to laborer com
puted in cash, not including provision? 21. Sum required for
food by a laborer per day ?
Note by the Printer. All these answers being
in figures, and in such a miserable, crampedhanrjj.
we have to give it up.
23. What kind of food i used t
Fish and poi, salmon, dog and pork. .
23. Computation of averaae number of hours per day that
laborers work rturinn the year, struck by addins; the number of t
nours and um.iinc ny au, me numner oi wonting uays, yeany,
for laborer in Europe and America ?
Nine hours per day, struck by adding the number
of hours and dividing by 813, thus :
Result, nine hours per day. -
24. Csual maximum of labor, in point of time per day ?
From breakfast to supper, including one hour
25. H w the moral and physical health of the natives is af
fected by excessive unpaid labor, exacted of them ?
Their moral health is nearly ruined by excessive,
unpaid labor, which prevents their attending hulas,
26. How far It is affected by the enervating effect of indo
lence and Indifference as to anything beyond the mere want of
animal existence f
Very for, indeed one marine league.
27. What are the best mean of abolishing that Indolence and
indifference, and introducing habit of general Industry continu
ously pursued t
I recommend large doses of jalap, and sending
them off to the coffee plantations generally.
2S. How lar it would please the natives and improve their
condition, to commute the labor day required of them for an
equivalent tax to be paid in money ?
Nothing would be more pleasing, especially to those
who have suspended specie payments.
29. Would the natives rather work to earn that amount in
wages, or give so many days labor, a at present, and no
30. -What manufactures exist in the district, and what are
adapted thereto? j
. An Indigo manufactory was lately in operation j
had to stop for want of leaves. One of my neighbors !
very' unwisely having destroyed above an acre of
thrifty plants. "
31. What articles of produce are raised in the district, or
what may be raised, in what uuantity, and at what price ?
The price of labor and provisions is about all that
has been raised here of late.
32. What amount of foreign merchandise may be consumed
yearly in the district ?
A great deal more may be consumed than can be
paid for. - i -;
33. What amount of money may be in circulation, and how
purchases and sales are effected t
Upwards of $8000, abstracted from the Custom
House, is now in circulation. Punch cannot imagine
how purchases and sales are effected ; if fie knew, he
would endeavor to sell the Wharf Lots. . An Island
can be sold at auction.
' 34. What ports, bay or landing places belong to the district,
available for ships or small vessels ? .
There is a nice landing place at Kapena for the
weaker vessels. .
85. Number of ship arrived during the year.
None at Kapena. It is to be improved by an
priation of $'2o,000 next year. ,
36. Number of foreipners residing within the diaSfct, distin
guishing the married from the unmarried, the natrons to which
they belong, specifying their occupations, annate number of the
children of those who are married f
About 5,000, nearly aH Sah subjects. No
method known wheBjfkvy lo distinguish the married
children. Io occupation, they are either coffee
planters or officers of government Those few who
trade are not enumerated.
37. Diseases prevailing contagiously or epidemically in th
district F "
Only syphilitic diseases at present
38. Number of deaths yearly t ' '
Not more than four or five that we know of. f
39. Number of births yearly I "" " ' .
Several thousands. '
40. Number of marriages yearly t
Great obscurity hangs over this question.
41. How far the nooses of the natives are defective, and what
Improvements are easily practicable ?
The great defect of the native houses is their want
of polarity ; the ridge-poles refuse to point due
north. . Punch suggests a practical improvement in
the form of a law to magnetise the poles. -'
42. What minerals, if any, exist In the district?
-Very abundant Coral stone, black and white
mnd, and bricks in the hat '
- 43. Number of horses, males and donkeys, distinguishing
each species, with the prices and ratio of Increase f
Their number unknown. The literary donkeys are
distinguished by long palapalas instead of long ears.
Are not increasing in this part of the country.
There is talk of a shipment
' 44. Number of horned cattle, aheep and foals, with their
prices and ratio of increase t -, . ...
' There is a French breed of horned cattle which we
consider very dangeroca. The importations of sheep
from the Salt Lake are on the increase. ;
45. Bow many acres of land, capable of being cabtvated by
plough or otherwls ! , s , ;
, Mr. Punch can't speak for others, bat he has him
self about three acres that are othervnte. ,
46. What would be a ft'r rent of such land par acre f ' ;
T7.ai depends upon revival of our manufactorka,
47. How many acres, saar"e less, of suca land, Is t for
traxinc? . ; 5;, , , , . . . - . . ;.
s Cr-i c?e8 freely a3 over t-t CztricV trt O
.'CTij a't!tl, -s -T ".if -a- ';;'V"';r.;-'.- "r. iT"i..
48. Have the natives an c 7
that is, can they pay for them? t, . land orcai
5 , AO who have money can pay for land or cat
Some of the natives get a great deal of money b?
ing grass, tobacco pipes and hair combs. "
J 4S. Maximum of the poala" that the distrin '
pott, if properly cultivated P ' " -"ni tap.
Punch cannot answer for other people hut l
uisinc supports nimseu very Handsomely ; ,
thinks there is not much spare room at present ' '
60. How many Protestant churches, chapels ana
houses within the district, and the extent of the aoeommP "
they afford? , """"ostkm
A great number almost every bouse in the dW.
trict with vast accommodations.
51. How many Protestant schools, ths number of ichnl.
progress they have made who ar the teachers, and whaTf'
ries, and by whoaa are they paid t . ,
It is estimated that about double the number of
; the children in the district attend school The teach
ers are Messrs. lrgraham, Beckwitk and Bishop Mai.
gret, all paid by the people. ' :
'- M. How many Cathode cbjirches, chapels and mcetinr. how.
within the district, sad the extent of the accom modation tarr
One, which ia exceedingly small and inconvenient
63. How many Catholic schools, the number of schnlan, pro.
Kress they have made, who are the teachers and what salarta.
and by whom are they paid?, k -s t
The same answer as question 60.
. . . t ... . K . e
Catholics for baptisms, funerals or faarrisKes f . - - 'j
Always a fowl, a rial, or a banana, for mam'pL.T
Baptisms are more expensive, and at funerals X
only charge for the hearse. - . I
65. Do the Catholic priests' make any charre fhr con feat
marrlare, adsainistraUaa of the Eacharist, extreme aootie
absolotioar ;Vr- .
Mr. Punch hopes others will answer thisquertio
he needs information, not being acquainted with a
of the parties. ,
66. What. If any, sources of Jealousy or contention
tween the Protestant and Catholic missionaries and seaehei
The use of the English language is the great aw.
of jealousy the contention is about a new treat J j
07. saggestions to promote mutual eoncord and charity f j
rear bl .i
lod of r J j
air. runcn suggests mat noto parties wear oi
cassocks with white belts, as a sure method
moting mutual eoncord and charity. He
proposing a law to that effect next October.
68. Number of murder within the district during the yr '
None since the murder of the King's Englit
the charity school.
60. Number of robberies In the hirh way f '
These have nearly ceased since the highway
dug up and sanded- - "" -
60. Namher of buruUrie by hreaklne often houses?
Only one the breaking open of the House of 1
presentatives by the Opposition ticket
61. Number of Important thefts ? "',
The most important is that of the Commercial M
vertiter stealing all the subscribers from the Poly,
nesian. : .
62. Number of petty larcenies f
The Polynesian stealing; shipping news and other
matter from the Commercial. . ,
63. Prevailing vices, with their causes and suggestion for
their removal t . .. 1 . . f
Going toe Wrch , & awed by too much missionary
inflp"i awMue great antidote to this vice fa the h fi
fthly sustained by some in a high stations.
Hope they will persevere until the entire mass of the
people are elevated to the rank they held at the time
of the discovery of the Islands by Captain Cook in
1778. . .. v,
64. State and Administration ot the taw with surrrnttons
The administration of the law of M-iy, 1855, for
- - suppression of prostitution, has been so defecti
pe-ed in suppressing that great vice, but
d havine a new one hw and bv. - -
. 65. Are life and property generally ecure i
We don't always feel psrftctly safe on account of
the filibusters. . .
66. Instance of great loner, vltyf
No instance so renrarkable as that of the late Min-
ister of Finance.
67. Ancient traditions. nspeting the creation of the worl, of
man. the deluge, the country when the Hawaiian itrnced-d,
ditT-rent races of men arrivlns; at the islands, earliest civilian!
foreign visitors to the Islands, architectural, nautical or other
proofs of their existence, committing the same to writing, where
important, for the ancient t wtory of the Island i
Thes- are very interesting and instructive. The
ancient tradition is. that the world was created, that
man was born of the gods, that the deluge was made
of salt water, and that the Hawaiian race proceeded
but of no country whatever. The different races of
men arriving at the Islands, are Englishmen, Dutch
men, Spaniards, Americans, Kanakas and French
men. Earliest civilized foreign v visitors arrived ia
1844. The architectural 'proofs of their existence
may be found in the vicinity of our late manufactory:
the nautical in the present Hawaiian navy. .
(To he concluded.)
1 Letter Owsss Kwast, Hawaii. , : .
Probably no country district of the islands has
made more substantial progress within the last half
dozen years than Kona, Hawaii, referring particularly
to a section extending five miles north from Kealake
kua Bay. We speak of that kind of progress which
is indicated, not by an abundance of stores, of which
no part of the islands seems destitute, or by one or
two large plantations owned by companies or ah
sentees, l-it by nunv reus Sill proprietors obtaining
their living from the soil and establishing fmanent
homes in the country. We hre for some rnlsM ;
succession of such houses wiih their pleasmt ver',
dabs overlooking the road and the ocean. . They -ai
accessible by carriage road from several good bar, .'
bors. The roads have been much iroprovedty
faithful services of the Road Supervisor opeii ,k
under the new law, and if such improvement eac -v-.
efiected from year to year it will leave nothing wat
ing in this important respect Good stone wall
be laid up at a cost of twenty-five cents a fathon;
every month sees more land enclosed. OtpswJffee is
famous, so much so, that many a sagnthe damp
half flavored coffee of Hilo is laWSSl" Kona" to the
detriment of our reput
Almost evenrf.A(ier and - every
sner ana - every native nas r
r . .. ,
mtches or i
.-plantations. Throughout the abov
ErtenDornooa. witnin wnicii reside i
a a . a . t ?J a L a.
the foreigners, and along the road to
..ud beyond, and through a section south of
iy, in all a range of more than twenty miles.
u nnd tnese eonee patcnes. ine aggrcg-iw
. .v in -i.
forge yet it is inconsiderable when compared with
the-amount of young coffee which will come into bear
ing in the course of the next three years. It is
found to pay, and everywhere it is being increased.
When a patch of taro is planted young trees are set
between. They are cultivated for one or two years
with the two, and the third year they begin to bear,
and pay their own expenses. Here ia a steady crop,
with a sure market and can be raised on the smallest
or the largest scale.
There are a good many orange trees now bearing, .
and the quality of the fruit the best the islands pro-
duce. The number of younftree in all stages o-,
growth is immense. Some things do surprisingly
well on the arid and unpromising beach, as grapes.
bananas, melons, pumpkins, sweet potatoes, V
n j i - mil. mm tho shore, we pas"
oeginmng at awn m nviu -
through a succession of various lauds and clmiat
specially adapted to different culture, the kula, the
breadfruit, the upper road country, the woods, and
beyond them the op-en plains. .
Only recently have enterp"8'g ca,,t,Ta'or?J.
to try the full capabilities of the so.L Bende- the
more common native fruits, we have peaches, grapes
and mangoes, and have promise of plums, as well as
and at van-
WOOUS we grow eaocuru r ' . . . h , j
ous range! almost every other b,?Jh'crh
been tried. Finer tobacco than some rauwd by r. ,
n i Suirar cane is very j
stout The obstacle to a plantation
iKirgesB. i "' "! r.Kawsntof
. . T Z --nirS. WblCB 0'
water eouia oe met oy uh's .mtf v
any size wonld be filled, the reputat.on of the count;
to the contrary notwithstanding, tor e,
raina are copious.
ina are copious. . -a . anccess
Experiments with wheat and oats inca jucce
in cereal culture. No one has men -said
before we are mort of us mm ""f'n
the climate, it is equal to any. Co"s V"r
strength. No trade winds cut up or lang
thrash the L'.oew m from the treea Jf
thus tir t3- eaten, ana ooiy t " a ' I
axomt, and all for the lac' AZ Z '
indoatriom, Cmil'-ci. smail erjr'X M ffj J
tV: ttc!r k"e r-4 the i ""J Z -7
C i;a tar
.an anywhere els
fcajt ks- 3J t t" VTi".:-
iit . . .n
Can l -i t tto- 2 i ,t j-rri- Give
time Vet f--:t Kfd e
Ko freeiy, 1