Newspaper Page Text
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THURSDAY. AUGUST 4, 1-59.
; ' TneauUoftndtMMBcibeM Wanda baa become an in.
yortatilWaoch of corilomaCieliMliuuy. Ita increase from year
year t alow hot ?ady. Our coaster, arrive and depart
aiiMii ally with good, and not unfreq uently with deeply laden
xmrgan, aod lz1ng- from the txuiueaa dot, moat be roping a
. Mr Income. As general thing, coasting a moos; the islands is
-aler than in any other part of the world. This remark applies,
of eoor-r-, only when resects are placed in charge of skinful and
eaapetent captains, and not under ignorant and careless uadrea.
wha know a other rule than to allow all bands to steep through
the night watches, simply lashing the helm and fearing their
Ta tls at the merry of tha wind and sea, We hare scboonrrs
which hare been coasting from Bre to ten years, witboct meet
ing aa accident worthy of mention, or needing repairsother than
thews repaired by ordinary wear and tear.
The freighting btuinns, as we said before, is steadily increas
ing orer that of former years, and is likely to increase stiB more
as war -agar and pola Interests extend. The sugar nuuratac
taare at HOo aJune, promises in 1S60 to amount to orer 600 tons,
or one-third more than the eot ire annual produce ten years ajco.
Besides this, Maui will produce her 300 to 400 tons, and Kauai
promises not fess than 900. tons. This is sugar alone, he-idea
' lbs lirgr qnintitkinf sxiliMrs.smfmnflnf rrn sllttiT riiantnj""-
to perhaps 8,000 or 10,000 bbl. The pola trade is increas
ing, and win amount to some 400,000 tti so too of the wheat
liiiinan amonntlns' to some 20.000 busbris.per annum. AD
these are slowly growing, and we look anon them as a solid
hasis for a permanent freighting business between the port of
these islands. Perhaps we might atid to these the wood trade.
We bare no means of arriving at a correct estimate of the
amount of wood brought to IIooowlu by coasters, and consumed
. here in one way and another. But judging from the number of
vessels engaged in the trade, it must amount to 1000 or 1500
- cords a year.
Now It U thought by some that the introduction o? .steamers
wOI interfere with the trade of the coasters. But we bare al
ways been of the opposite opinion, Jodjfing from the effects of
the introduction of steam In all other countries, which has inra
l-vbly been to increase trsde and trarel; and instead of taking
away the trade of coasting vessels, really increases it to such
as extent as to call in new coasting vessels. That the same
effect will be seen here, we bare no hesitency in prediction.
" And all our reader, whether interested in schooners or in mer
cantile or agricultural pursuits, should had the prospective in
troduction of steam, which we trust will take place daring the
spring of 1860.
In trade we cannot notice anything of interest. Tbere has
been nothing doing. The only arriTal has been that of the clip
, per Moonlight, enroute tor China, which touched for a few hours
en Tuesday to procure seamen and papers. The only departure
has been that of the Yanitt on the 31st, a schedule of exports
and passengers by which win be found below.
By reanest, we reprint the following table of rates of Uepri-
ciated gold and silver coins, as fixed by the Chamber of Com
aaerea. Parts of gold coins named are understood to be depre
ciated In the same proportion of discount as the larger pieces.
Bosereigns are bought for export at $i 80, and are really worth
Australia Pound of 152 - -
Do. Pound of 164 J
. Austrian Ducat
All South American gold dollars
TT' lgftim Twrnty fire francs
B-jtj-t DoaWooo . .
l-..'l JDHttiM ..............
Calirnu $20 pieces (L. 8. assay aod private coinage) 19 75
.Tin. 110 - - 9 75
Do. $ ft -
Central America Two Xscudoe
rhOe Old doubloon
"fhito Ten pesos -
Iwomark Ten thaler -
Keuador Four escudoe -
Kne;land Pound, or sovereign, new................
fc-tgtaad Pound, average
Frxoee Twenty francs, new..?
rrauce Twenty francs average
G-naaay, North Ten thaler..
Oermaoy, North Ten thaler, Prussian
IJ-rmiuy, South Docat
Greece Twenty drachms
Hindoosta Mohur -
Mexico DoublobU, average
Naples eiwdneati, new
Kelbertantis feu guilders ........................
New Granada Old douhtoon. Bogota
9ew Granada Old doubloon, Popayan
New Granada Ten pnrs, ww. ......
Peru Oki duuUuot.
!' i a Sew, not ascertained .......................
Portugal OoM mwu. ....... ............ ........
Rness j scudl. new A
Rossi Five nmbfc-J
1 Sardinia Same as France...............
pain 100 reals
a, LKJW ' J a"
Turkey 100 ptaacn-s .....
Tuscany - Sequin. ........
- Half-DoUar 2'i
Chilian Half-Dollar 37
yarth Oermaa Thaiar 62
iiapr 37 i
Peruvian llaW-DoUar 37j
' Knsiaa Ruble.................... 7
Aai that ail other coins remain current at the present rates.
L. A TEST DATES, received! ail this OBacr.
riumt, . U. .
'.. .Jaae 16 I Hongkong.. . : May 14
Sev Tore ...
........dune 7 I Melbourne, Vie. May 16
.June 1 Tahiti- July
lm' Phase at nalala, im A -.
dy. b. m. 1 fly. h. m.
Quarter., ft 4 67.6 M. ! Last Quarter.. 21 3 21.7M.
WM liuoa 13 6 10.2 M. New Moon 27 6 49.5 A.
Fou Si Fasjicisoo Xo ressel up.
Foa Lab ia per Kamoi, tolay.
For (niR per Orestes, soon.
For MraosBBia per Morning ?ur, on the 10th
' For H:lo per Klm, about Monday.
For KswaniAB per Kalama. about Monday.
For KoiA, Hawaii per Kekanluohi, to-day.
POUT' OF IZOIJOZTJZjTJ. T. I.
July 30 Pch Tdary, BerriD, fm Kawaihae. 40 Imi'VtcV, 60 sheep.
SI Beta Maria, Molteno, fro Maui, with firewood.
-31 Sch Mutkeiki, Hall, fm Kabului, with sugar and mo-
liir 1 Seh ExeeL Antnoio. fm Kauai, with firewood.
2 Am sh Moonlight, Brack, 21 days fm Puret Sound,
( with cargo of lumber en route tor liougkong.
- KAiied same dav.
- f- 2 Srh Kekanluohi, Marchant, fm Kona. with firewood.
- 2 Sch Heout Ana, im Kauai, witn nrewooa.
' 3 Sch Kamoi, Wilbur, from Kahului and Laliaiua, with
wheat and native produce.
- . .
July 30 Sch Maauokawai. BeckVy, for fhaina ami Kohala.
31 Am bk Yankee, bovett, fur San Francisco.
Aug. 2 ?eh Mnikeikl aod Warwick for ports on Maui.
Sch Liboliho, L-unont, for ililo.
3 Sch Maria, Molteno, fur Maui, with the royal Farty.
3 Sch KxeeL, Antonio, for Kauai.
" S ch John Young, for Muiokai.
' : j gbtp Moonlight reports. 4rft at Port Townsend, ship
Creet ef the Ware, loading lumber for Callao; ship Elixa k Ua,
tnt, waiting cargo for Honolulu; schooner Kotos, loading for
S m Francisco Ham ship Ida, bding for CaUao. The ship
Morning Glory, with a full cargo of lumber, while leaving the
fioond, grounded and sprang a leak . She was discharging cargo
Stocks April 80, lat 35 5. Ion 45 W, bark Moneka, Hamil
ton, from Boston, April 19, for TahiU and Honolulu, 11 days out
and about 1600 miles from porv
Ma Ex peeled! froaa Fsreixa Parta.
, bark Frances Palmer, Paty. would leave San Fnncisco
mboal Aug- 4, due here Aug. 16th to JKa.
eiiDocr shin Ctisa 4t Ena . Lent, would leave Trek -let with
e ran of lumber maal J air 30th. for Honolulu.
berk tenx. Wlntser, will leave ea rranciscosoout tne
2Uh J air da here about August 0th to lfKt.
hark Washington AUston, , from Boston, to sail June
10. with assorted aerehaise to Chas. Brewer Zd.
sniD Radon, Buxdett, Croat Boston, sailed stay a, assorted
am to u. nmrer. u
, ship Joa-ah Bradley, Dunbar, from Boston, te sail May 10,
awewtd caraoto J. C. Spalding.
. aksp Suwn. Uee, from Boston, sailed May 8th, with cargo
wtialeuxsM mss v.t. unams a m
th "I inin. L jeO.B Boatoo, (via Valparaiso.) sailed
Wmh. 19. nurt of k ear-e astt'd aadse to J. C. Spalding.
sh rVetwood, I-, f-a kxaKoo, (via Tahiti.) sailed Feb. 10,
part of bswearroaastdadse to B. F. Snow.
rk Moueka, fm Boston (via Tahiti.) sailed April
la. Burt of her earn asat'd aadse to B. F. Snow.
iro is expeeked fm iiongkong in July, with asst'd cargo of
sna sad CUna food to Hackietd ll
barfc C. MeJchers, Senr- Fettjoch, fm Bremen, to eaU Apr
is saatM earro utdse to Metcbers It Co.
a M vann, tjoppermaaa, na sna-a, -um mni
t asst'd laige to llen-rhlaeger Etapennorst.
bark Ham pur 7 Bilsun, CbeDerd. fm Liverpool, to
iivd &. mmt'd eereo to Janioo, Oreea k Co.
akka ta.RrBBk. WUUaamv fm Lonion. sailed 13th Feb.
'd carfu, (part for Vancouver's Island) to agent
f , db t-iaoow, auueu i i, asst- u
Hndsoa's Bay Co.
Wam Saw Fa-ansco far Taokee, iury oi api x img,
m.T-at7tatlT A Pratt, T Botts, X t. Taylor, T
W Canto Small aod Jla-haway, Chas A MU4ima,
7L?ZLnrUm Lewis, David HaMead, K Millar, T J Can
BooTw H Vo-rheae, C C Harris, T J Pope, T Creddiford, Saml
-n. - . -
ilIT-r-r sfarm,'Jry Mr. J H Brown, George
'Arl wla rfuiy v -
and son. Mrs Q C btders aod 2 ehiklren,
TZjEmwuSm. MesarsSwaiu, Utoi, Frank Harris,
L.. u F H-d- To Luui only Miss Martha
.JWlxrCr- 1-Mim Clark, Mr Z Knii,
rrL------Pr My. Jaly 30-O W Maty, J Moaroe
L-Aat. Meaw- Bwrnta. BiU and
. 1 r rusoM. J H F Poor,, wi aaa
r ' Vf 1 Hill - jU '
phfic, ,a I tr.J " :
For Sax Fbabcwco per Yankee, July 3180 tons salt, Cft
bxs oil vs oil, 1260 galls syrup, 24,000 lbs potatoes, 4071 galls
mobisses, 172,616 lbs sugar, 1408 lbs coffee, 1239 lbs fungus,
23,539 lbs pulu.
SPECIAL. BUSINESS NOTICE. . .
Bemittances for the Cos.ucrit Asvansu may be sent in
eoin by mail to the publisher, or through an agent. Back num
bers can be (applied to such as wib tliem. Copies for mailing,
in wrappers, can be tad at our counter.
Toutsv Mix Dollars per annum.
Single Copies 12t cents each.
Bound volumes, I. and LL, for sale, $8 per volume.
AGC-TS rOB THIS CO EXC1-L 1DTUTUI-.
Lakaina, Jtfowi - C. 8. BARTOW, Ksq.
Makawao, . Maui - - L. L. TOUBEBT, K;.
Hilo, Hawaii - - - Capt. J. WORTH.
KavcaUttie. Hawaii - - Capt, J AS. A. LAW .
Kona, Hawaii - - TUOS. II. PARI, E.
Kolon, Kauai - - Dr. J. W. SMITH.
San franeiseo. Col - L. P. FISHER, Esq-
THURSDAY, AUGUST 4.
Xhr Xevr Paat-Oflic Regalallaao.
TLis law, wLich is embodied in the Civil Code,
went into force on MjnJaj last. ' hwre be
fore stated some of its provisions, but as the Code
is yet a sealed volume, it inay be well to notice
now the changes which it makes. The law will
be found printed on pages 85 to 90 inclusive, of
the revised Statutes.
Sec. 3t7 establishes a poet-office bureau, and
confers on Ilia Majesty the appointment of the
Jjec. 393 makes the collectors at the various
ports of entry post-masters for those places, and
authorizes compensation to be made to them if
Sees. 399 and 400 authorize the Postmaster
General to make all necessary rules for the depart
ment and to employ mail-carriers, on the various
Sec. 401 is an entirely new provision in our
statutes, and as it very stringent, we copy it en
tire. It was inserted no doubt to prevent the
recurrence of such tricks as have several times
been played by captains or supercargoes of vessels
arriving here in detaining letters on board till
they had secured the object of their visit, in
taking advantage of any rise or fall in the mar
ket here or abroad.
Sectios 401. No ship or vessel arriving at any
port of these islands where a post-office is established,
shall be permitted to report, make entry, or break,
bulk, until the master or commander shall have de
livered to the Postmaster at such port, all letters
directed to anv person or persons within this king
dom, which, under his care, or within his power,
shall be brought in such ship or vessel, except such
as are directed to the owner or consignee of the ship
or vessel; and the Postmaster to whom such letters
shall be delivered, shall pay to said master or com
mander as remuneration therefor, a sum not exceed
ing two cents for every letter so delivered. And it
shall be the duty of the collector, or other officer of
the port empowered to receive entries of ships or ves
sels, to require, from every master or commander of
such ship or vessel, an oath, or affirmation, purport
ing that he has delivered all such letters, except as
aforesaid. And if any commander or master of any
ship or vessel shall break bulk before he shall have
complied with the requirements of this article, be
shall, on conviction thereof before any court, forfeit
for every such offense, a sum not less than one hun
dred, nor more than five hundred dollars; and in de
fault of payment, his vessel shall be liable to seizure,
condemnation and sale, in order to satisfy such
Now it strikes us that this section, if fully car
ried out, as it reads, will be found unnecessarily
severe. The purpose aimed at could have been
gained by some less stringent requirements, such
as, if the Postmaster or Collector has reason to
believe that amail bag is detained on board, no per
mit to enter or land goods be granted, unless the
above oath be given, or such mail given up. It
should be borne in mind that our ocean mail
service is almost a gratuity, and if such otringent
laws arc to be put in force, vessels coming to our
ports, or even our regular packets, may refuse
afivjetner to ortftj our nunis, and we have no
Letters directed to a consignee of the vessel do
not come under the penalty of the law, and the
same is probably the case with a letter bag ad
dressed to a consignee, usually called a ship's let
ter bag. Such bags are always allowed at United
States ports to go to the office of the consignee.
The law, it is presumed, will operate on whalers
as well as on merchantmen. Now, what earthly
use can there be to compel whaleship masters to
go to the Custom House, make oath and pay one
dollar for the privilege of informing the collector
that they have not got on board, among their
slops or in their blubber-room, 6uch an article
as a letter, which nobody would ever drcaui of
their having?. IIow ridiculous, yet the result will
be gained, a fee of one dollar from "every ship
or vessel arriving," amounting to several hundred
in the course of a year. It would have been an
easy matter to have limited the application of tho
law to such vessels as usually bring mails or let
ters. The proliability is that fur every fee and
oath the collector takes from a shipmaster for
this "purpoeOf the government will receive gratis a
score of oaths outside of the Custom Ilouse.
Sec. 402 compels captains of coasting vessels to
carry malls free of charge. This is hardly the
fair thing for the government to charge two cents
for sending a letter to Lahaina and then by law
to deprive the captain of receiving any pay for
the service which he has rendered. In the foreign
mail service, the captain participates in the pay
received; why not in tho inter-island service?
Sec. 403 provides the rates on letters and papers
to and from any foreign countries, which are the
same as formerly, viz : five cents on single letters,
two cents on newspapers, eight cents on month
lies of the size of Harper's, and two cents an
ounce on all books by mail.
These rates are double the United States postal
charges, which are as follows : letters under 3000
miles, three cents ; over 3000 miles, ten cents ;
newspapers, if prepaid quarterly or sent in pack
ages half cent each, if not prepaid or transient,
one cent ; magazines, quarterly, three cents each.
Bound volumes one cent an ounce. These are the
rates from New York to San Francisco, or with
out respect to distance.
Sec. 404 provides that the outward postage on
letters and papers sent "to foreign countries shall
Sec. 405 forbids all vessels from taking any
mailable matter to foreign ports unless the usual
postage has been paid thereon. Penalty, $100
to $500. O
Sec. 40o imposes an infc-ieland postage as
follows : two cents on letters under a half ounce,
and two cents for each additional half ounce.
One cent per ounce on bound volumes. News
papers, one cent each. Pamphlets, two cents
each. AM jarcels, other than printed matter,
are excluded from the mails.
Sec. 407 provides in regard to inter-island let
ters: 1st.- That no letters shall be carried in the
ma i unless stamped or prepaid.
2d. Coasting veseels arid individuals are for
bidden carrying unstamped letters from port to
port. Letters marked paid by a Postmaster will
be considered the same as stamped.
3d .-Captains can carry unstaxaped letters,
provided they are intended for ''owners or con
sHniees," of goods on board, as we suppose, but
. the law does not state whether owners of the vec J
or of goods are intended. -
r4th. All letters for the King and Queen', Ilia
Majesty's Ministers or yanj.o-Scial correspon
dence whatsoever" shall pass free of postage. "
, Thin w a most bnnglingly framed and loosely
worded section. Our astute law-makers are
very much like the old farmer who droe
his cattle out of his cornfield, and then
forgot to put np the bars. They intended
to pass a law forbidding captains or individ
als from carrying letters from port to port.
But as the section now reads, it is little else than
a farce, inasmuch as there is no penalty at
tached to the prohibition against carrying letters
outside of tho mails. Those whose consciences
are weak enough to believe it is "unlawful to
carry letters from port to port," simply because
the Code says it is, will of course abide by it.
In order that our readers may judge for them
selves, and observe the beauties of Hawaiian
Legislation, we copy the section entire: "
Section 407. No inter-island letters shall be
transmitted by mail unless previously stamped, and
it shall be unlawful for coasting vessels, steamers, or
individuals, to convey unstamped letters from port to
port, except letters directed to, and intended for,
owners or consignees : provided, however, that in case
of absence or deficiency of stamps, the Postmaster, at
the place of mailing, receives an equivalent in money,
in which case it shall be his duty to mark such letters
paid, they shall be transmitted by regular course of
mail; aud provided also, that the provisions of tliis
and the preceding section Bhall not apply to the cor
respondence of their Majesties, the King and Queen,
Hi. iwsva Ministers, or toanv official correspond
ence whatever, provided the same be dcsiguateJ by
Under section 405 (which was evidently framed
to apply only to vessels leaving for foreign ports,)
captains of coasting vessels can be prevented from
taking mailable matter outside of the mails, un
less stamped, but its provisions do not restrain
individuals from carrying all the letrs and
papers they choose to." We are informed by the
Postmaster that section 407, as prepared for the
Lesislature contained a penalty clause, but lrom
some unaccountable reason, it has been omitted
from the draft of the law signed by the King.
Sec. 408 requires the Postmaster-General to
issue such stamps as the public convenience re
quires, which under this law are one, ttco, and
fee cents stamps. It also provides against forg-
Lig, counterfeiting or obliterating stamps lor the
purpose of using them a second time. Penalty
not exceeding $500.
Sec. 409 provides that all " dead letters" can
be opened after remaining in the office one year.
Sees. 410 to 415 provide for regulating the inter
nal duties of tho post-office department, section
414 exempting post-office employees from Jury
duty, and 415 re-enacting the penalty in the
Penal Code relating to violation of mail bags.
Snprrmr Con rt. July Term 1859.
There are few countries in the world where more
care has been bestowed in the formation and arrange
ment of the Judiciary Department, or a larger pro
portion of the publio revenue is devoted to its main
tenance, than here in the Hawaiian Kingdom. Here
we are, a people or nineteen-twentieths of it but
just emerging from a state of barbarism, enjoying in
our Supreme Court and its circuit branches the rights
of trial by jury, at chambers and equity, in a
degree not excelled in older countries. Without an
exception that we can point to, our judges, in those
branches of our judiciary system which we have
named, are men of sterling integrity and intelli
gence, who would honor the satue positions in other
These facts should command for our courts and
their decisions that respect which they merit Fiat
juttma, mat ealum. wa9 the motto or our late
honored Chief Justice Lee, to whom in a great mea
sure we are indebted for the privileges we possess,
and so long as that motto i9 observed by our judges
in their decisions, so long will they enjoy the publio
The late term of tha Supreme Court, which only
closed on Saturday last, was unusually long and
tedious. Several interesting cases were brought up,
tut we Lave deferred giving the proceedings till
the close of the sitting. The following report is fur
nished to us by J. 11 Baruard, Esq., Clerk of the
me nrst case called on fur trial was that of the
King r Henry II. Sawyer accused of distilling
spirits within this Kingdom, contrary to the provi
sions of the Joint Resolution to carry into effect the
sixth article of the Treaties concluded at Honolulu
between the Government of the Hawaiian Islands
and the Governments of France and Great Britain
of 2Cth March, 1846, in relation to brandies. &o.,
passed on the third day of April. 1810, and the 1st
Section of an Act to amend certain Acts relating to
the punishment and prevention of smuggling, ap
proved 28th June, 1854, aud contrary to the peace
of Kamehameba IV., his crown, and dignity.
Upon the indictmeut being read and the case
opened to the Jury, J.- Montgomery, defendant's
counsel, demurred to it, as insufficient in law.
1st That it was based upon a Joint Resolution of
1816, which was passed for the purpose of " carry
ing into effect the Ctb Articles of Treaties concluded
at Honolulu between the Government of the Hawaii
an Islands and the Governments of France and Great
Britain, 26th March 1816, in relation to brandies,
wines and other spirituous liquors,' which treaties
were not now in force, having been abrogated and
annulled by subsequent Treaties, and therefore the
said Joint Resolution must be held to have expired
with said Treaties.
2d. That the said Joint Resolution was in direct
contravention of the 102d and 103d. Articles of the
Hawaiian Constitution of 1852, and was therefore void.
Sd. That the said Joint Resolution was repealed
by an Act of the Legislature of 1854, which imposed
a penalty for the offense charged in said indictment
different from that created by said Joint Resolution.
4th. That the said Joint Resolution of 1846 was
repealed by the Act of 27th June, 1859, which im
posed a penalty for the offense charged in said In
dictment, different from, and inconsistent with that
imposed by the said Joint Resolution.
The demurrer was then argued at great length by
Messrs. Bates and Harris for the prosecution, and
Mr. Montgomery for the defeudant Mr. Blair, who
was engaged for the defendants in three other similar
cases against James IIow land, and Jacob Markle
and Daniel Markle, was requested to state his views,
which he did, in support of the demurrer ; after
which the Court took time to consider, and the
Jury were allowed to leave until the next morning.
On the following morning, the Court delivered its
decision, overruling the first three grounds of de
murrer, but sustaining the fourth. The demurrer
was therefore sustained. The other cases alluded to
being of a precisely similar nature, Mr. Bates
moved to enter a nolle prosequi in each case, which
the Court granted.
The King vs. Etena and Atun, (Chinamen)
Charged with Burglary and Larceny, for breaking
and entering the dwelling house of Samuel Isaacs,
with intent to commit larceny. The property stolen
was valued at one hundred dollars. The Jury after
an absence of less than an hour found the prisoner
Esena guilty, but returned a verdict of not guilty
for Atun. Esena was sentenced to imprisonment at
hard labor for three years and a fine of ten dollars,
At an was discharged.
A. B. Bates for the Prosecution.
J. V. Blair k L. Lee fur the Prisoner.
The Xing vs. Chong (Chinaman.) Charged
with receiving the above property ; but it appear
ing from the evidence that the prisoner kept a lodg
ing house where Esena resided and that he received
a pair of pants in payment of a month's rent, but
made no concealment of it, having himself discover
ed the property to the policeman, the jury after an
absence of an hour, returned a verdict of not
A. B. Bates for the Prosecution.
J. l. Blair for the prisoner. ' ' .
James Howland vs Saml. Jacobs. Assumpsit
This was an action brought at the April term of the
Supreme Court to recover the amount of sundry
- and labor said to have been performed by the
VTfor the defendant The Jury alter having
I the evidence, rendered a verdict for the plain-
t-J ii the sum of , from which verdict the
dL moved for a new trial on the ground that '
I - "i "try to savMenee and the bw, and on the
ground that testimony before unknown, had come to
. 7 . i j.h.j.nt -iKi.'h ' would in all
tne Knowieaz uw .
probability have changed the nature ct their verdict.
This motion was argued at the April tern, and a
new trial granted upon payment of half the cost ac
crued, the remaining half to abide the result of the
new trial. .
Tlaintiff alleged that he was engaged by the ae
femdant to perform certain work and labor at his
place at Koolau, and. claimed, as there was no
written contract, that he was entitled to a quantum
Defendant denied the engagement altogether, as
serting that the plaintiff came passenger with hiin
from California, and merely resided with him and
worked to pay for .his board and lodging, until he
could get into some employment, and further pleaded
set-off for money paid for defendant's passage to
nij'i from San Francisco, and further sums paid for
his use and benefit
The Jury after hearing the evidence, returned a
verdict for the plaintiff of one hundred and four dol
lars, less the set-off of ninety-five dollars and fifty
ents, virtually a verdict for eight dollars and fifty
Mr. Harris moved an arrest of judgment until the
costs were taxed on the ground that the amount of
the verdict being under the sum recoverable in tha
Police Court, the costs of the upper Court ought not
to fall upon the defendant; but the Court ruled that
it could not apply to cases where the plaintiff's de
mand is reduced by the proving of a set-off not shown
to have been received in payment of the specific de
mand upon which the suit was brought, as in this
case. (The Court however made a rule in regard to
the costs in actions where the amount recovered
should not amounVto $100, which is published in
another part of this paper.)
J. P. Blair for plaintiff.
CX Harris furfendant,
T. E. Taylor vs. G. L. Kapeau. Assumpsit
C. C. Harris for plaintiff.
Louis Lesueur vs. Capt.
Sowle. Assumpsit Set-
tied between the parties.
J. Montgomery r plaintiff.
A. B- Bates for defendant.
William Hillebrand vs. Peter Young Kekuoka
lani. Assumpsit. Action upon a promissory note.
Judgment by default
J. D. Blair for plaintiff.
J. D. Blair vs. . Montgomery. Assumpsit On
appeal. Settled between the parties.
J. Tillman vs. Thomas Spencer. Assumpsit.
This case was continued to the October Term, the
plaintiff's attorney having filed a petition for a com
mission to take the evidence if certain witnesses in
San Francisco, and said petition having been granted.
J. Montgomery for plaintiff.
A. B. Btes for defendant.
Daniel Montgomery vs. William Hunt et als.
On appeal. This was a case of rescue by the defend
ants of certain animals from the servants of the
plaintiff, while in the act of driving them to the
pound, forving trespassed upon the plaintiff's
land. V- .
The case wf "pretty clearly proved, and the Jury
returned a verdict for the plaintiff of $15 damages.
J. Montgomery for plaintiff.
C. C. Harris for defendant.
. . Wo(xl vs. M. W. Green. On appeal from
the Police Justice of Honolulu, it was agreed to sub
mit this case to the Court upon the record from the
Police Court, without the intervention of a jury.
This was an action claiming 25 87 for goods sup
plied to F. M. Green, son of the defendant, in 1855,
while in employment as a clerk in a mercantile house
in Honolulu, being at the time between 20 and 21
years of age ; and the question was, whether the
laws in existence in the place of his father's domicile
were to regulate his majority, or whether he was to
be governed by the lex loci contractus.
The Court seemed to be of opinion that F. M.
Green was of legal capacity to make a valid and
binding contract in this kingdom at the time he pur
chased the goods from plaintiff, and that a recovery
could have been had against him on such contract
It appeared that at the time the plaintiff furnished
the goods to F. XM. Green the defendant was not
within the kingdom, nor was there any evidence that
he ever had been. The goods were delivered to F.
M. Ureen aud cliangcU to Ulm uu tUo plointiflfo books,
and all the circumstances tended to show that the
plaintiff relied solely upon the credit of F. M. Green
The Court was of opinion that the ground upon
which the judgment of the Police Justice was given
in favor of tho debt, was just and sound, and affirmed
his decision accordingly.
A. B. Bate, for plaintiff.
C. O. llama lor defendant.
The King vs. Palu. Larceny of a horse, the
property of J. Meek, stolen from the custody of R.
Moffitt, Esq., of Kahuku.
The Jury, after hearing the evidence, retired for
halfanhourto consider their verdict, after which
they found the prisoner guilty.
Sentenced to two years imprisonment at hard la
ber, and a fine of ten dollars.
A. B. Bates for prosecution.
The King vs. Aua. Polygamy. Vo7e prosequi
entered by the District Attorney with leave of the
The King vs. Keaonui. Indicted for murder in
the first degree. The facts are somcthiug as follows ;
The deceased, Makaihuia, who resided at Koolau, and
who was suffering from gonorrhoea, sent for the pris
oner, who is a native doctor, to come and give him
some gunpowder, which it seemed he had been in the
habit of administering for that complaint ; the pris
oner went, and he is charged with having given him
a dose of gunpowder, mixed with a poisonous plant
called Auhuhu, which caused his death. The evi
dence was exceedingly long and very conflicting, and
the case lasted four days, during which time the Jury
and witnesses were kept in the custody of the Mar
shal. On the fourth night, at about half. past nine,
the Court charged the Jury, who retired to consider
their verdict, and after au absence of one hour they
returned into Court with a verdict of not guilty, and
the prisoner was discharged.
A. B. Bates for the prosecution.
C. C. Harris and J. W. K. Maikai for prisoner.
Kaopua and JS'uhua Administrators of Kalcihe
ana, deceased, vs. John Ii. This was an action of
ejectment to recover the possession of some land be
longing to the estate of Kaleiheana, deceased. Mr.
Blair having opened his case to the Jury, Mr. Bates
for the defendant, moved a nonsuit, the Counsel for
the plaintiff having alleged that they brought the
action as administrators, whereas be, defendant's
Counsel, took the ground that administrators could
not bring action of ejectment
This motion having been argued at great length
the Court ruled that an administrator could not
bring an action of ejectment, that the action was
given to those entitled to the land, namely the heirs.
That the law had regarded the estate less than allodial
as a freehold, and it being a freehold vras there any
title in the administrator, and to sustain the action
the title must be in the plaintiff.
The Court was therefore of the opinion, that the
action could not be sustained, and that the motion for
a nonsuit must be granted.
J. D. Blair for plaintiffs.
A. B. Bates and C. C. Harris for defendant,
There are several other cases in Banco, which have
been heard but are not yet decided.
. Vaxuabuc IxroRMATio.v. An experiment was tried
on hoard the leaking bark Orestes, a few days ago,
which may often' prove of great service in cases of
vessels springing aleak at sea. To discover the local
ity of a leak in a ship, take a sound cask, bung it up
tightly and bore a gimlet-hole in the head. When
the eask is placed directly over the leak, it will emit
a distinct ringing noise, caused by the water rushing
through the leak in the vessel. The cask will only
emit this sound when placed directly ever the leak.
The sound is evidently conveyed fcy the timbers to
the cask, and in some way becomes augmented in
passing through the hollow cask. This phenomenon
is as singular k it is sure, . The experiment was'
witnessed by Capt. Peterson, cf the Phantom, and tj
several others. Capt Mason,' of the Orestes, fizt
made a trial of it, having heard of it beio rescrtvi
to before. : It may often prove the means of saris; a ,.
Tfrrri wlren at sea. i ::r--s - '
- fc, v -
; i,0TES OF THE WEEK.
Xhk Hosriri.--At length, after years of talking,
a hospital ' for indigent Hawaiians was opened on
Monday last As our readers well know, to the
earnest and philanthropic efforts of their Majesties
the King and Queen, we are indebted for its estab
lishment The building now opened as a hospital at
the foot of King street, is only a temporary establish
ment, taken till anew and larger edifice can be erect
ed. The gratuitous dispensing of medicine has
already been commenced. The native name fixed on
as synonymous with "Queen's Hospital," .and by
which it will be known among the natives, is
Hale Mai o ka Wahine Alii." Notices of its es
...wiv nrintoil in Hawaiian, have been circu-
MUHOUUicutt av - "
lated, and as soon asthe natives become aware of
the gratuitous privileges afforded by tne instuui.ou,
it is believed that they will resort to Jt for medical
advice and assistance in preference to their ignorant
and conjuringnative doctors.
It may not be amiss here to throw out a few
ideas to the board of trustees, who are understood
to have in hand the subject of the erection of a per
manent hospital building. A large edifice with all
the improvements of civilized countries, is not just
what is wanted. Such a Dunmng win no
come into use eventually, but some regard must be
had for the present habits and customs of the natives.
They invariably prefer, sick or well, to be in their
thatch huts. This preference ought to be, to some
extent, gratified, by providing on the hospital premi
ses, rows of thatch huts, built expressly for the pur-
pose, and with a view to the comfort or tne invaiius.
Nine out of every ten natives taken to the hospital,
would prefer to lie on a mat in a hut attended by
their mukamakas," than to be placed on a bed
surrounded with the comforts of civilized life. Now
it strikes us that a moderately sized building, plan
ned so as to allow of extension or enlargement,
whenever necessary, with rows of comfortable and
cool thatched huts in the rear, will serve the purposes
of a hospital far better than the erection of an exten
sive and more costly structure.
A site has not yet been selected for the building.
We understand that the first plan was to locate it out
near the prison or on the Palama road, a little be
yond the sonp works. But it has been thought that
that district is too exposed to the strong winds of
Nuuanu Valley, and that sick persons, taken from
warm districts into such a gusty location would be
more likely to contract further disease. Another
plan has been to locate it somewhere on the slope of
Punch bowl, under its lee perhaps, where the full
force of the trades is not felt On the Beretania
rood, just above or near Mr. Jarrett's, on the upper
side of the road, would be a very conspicuous site.
It is said that water can be brought from Pauca
valley around the base of Punch bowl to that loca
tion. If so, or if the new water works could supply
that part of the town, probably no finer location
could be chosen.
Impobtakt Legal Decision. At a recent term cf
the Superior Court of New York city, a very import
ant legal opinion was delivered by the presiding
judge. The main point decided i9, that when a pay
ment falls due on Sunday, it may be paid on Mon
day instead. Monday, by this decision, is to be
considered the legal day for the fulfilment of all con
tracts that would terminate, but for the intervention
of the Sabbath, the day before. It is held that,
when the time expires for which a note was given on
Sunday, without grace, payment mav be made on
Monday, without prejudice. This is at variance
with the practice which has prevailed in the commer
cial world, so far as we are aware, for debts falling
due on Sunday have most invariably been required
to be paid on Saturday. The Superior Court of New
York have, in this case, decided that payment cannot
be demanded till Monday. They say, that as far as
relates to business matters, Sunday should not le
counted as a day at all, but be struck from the cal
ender. The opinion seems to be based on sound
sense, and is well fortified by authorities, but whether
! it will have the force to change the present custom,
! remains to be seen. The leading facts in the case at
j issue, were as follows :
! Pauiel Campbell insurefl his life ('defendant's Company, the
! policy being dated Ue 29th May, I860, and providing tor the
imymejit of a rertain jrTTi- an -Uy Tti- p-niim m,
by tbe terms of tlie poliry payable on the 2Sth of May. By a
notice Bent to the assured, by the authorized agents ot the Coin
! pany, and which was considered by the Court as beinp conclu
i give Uon the Comiany, the afday of May, 1857, was named
j a the day on which Uie prenmuns for that year would become
t due. The case was, therefore, treated in all respects as if the
; 29th day of May hail been the day named in the policy for the
! payment of the annual premium.
lly one o' the conditions ot tne policy h was proviuea mai
the policy should not be coiitidered in force If the premium re
mained unpaid beyond thirty duys after becoming due.
In the year 1857, thirty days from the twenty-ninth of May,
Ml on Sunday, June ttctnty-eitjhth. Oa Monday, tkf twenty
ninth. Mr. Campbell tendered the money, but the defendants
refused to receive it on the ground that it was too late. About
two months afterwards Mr. Campbell died, his executrix then
commenced this proceeding to recover on the policy, in which she
was successful, gaining her suit.
Temperance Address. The Rev. E. G. Beckwith,
delivered an address before the Honolulu Dashaway
Club, on Thursday evening hist, agreeably with tho
announcement made in our last issue. The evening
was unusually stormy for this season of the year.
and the attendance smaller on that account than it
would otherwise have been. The general subject of
total abstinence was discussed by the speaker in his
usual chaste and eloquent language, and powerful
rcasonsof a mcral, social and financial nature present
ed to his audience why it should be practiced as the
rule of life by alL Among other facts, it was statexl
that over $300,000 were spent here at the inlands for
I ardent spirits, to prove which assertion, the speaker
entered into a detailed argument, assuming that the
amount imported (some 15,000 gallons) was only a
part of what was actually consumed. The exercises
of the evening were interspered with vocal music by
the choir of the church.
u The prohibition of the Tahitian hula is again strictly en
forced and the people reminded that the law which forbids the
hu'a permits every other kind of amusement."
We copy the above from the Polynesian. Here
we have the example of the French authorities pro
hibiting at Tahiti what our ministers have been
striving with all their power to legalize. It should
shame us to allow France, whose standard of morali
ty is generally below that of England and America,
to rebuke us thus. The hulas of Tahiti are the same
as the hulas of Hawaii. The French, seeing their
licentious and demoralizing effects on their native
population, prohibit them " strictly ;" but our more
refined and chaste government ministers, hailing
from religious America and England, stake their
honor and their names on the bold attempt to curse
this dying race with the revival of the iniquitous
dance and all its accompanying orgies. So low does
ambition cause its votaries to stoop.
Greeley's Letters. We are no admirers of Hor
ace Greeley's political notions, yet at the same time
believe there are few men who excel him in descrip
tive powers or in correct statistical information. He
left New York May 10 for a tour through the West
ern States, Kansas, Pike's Peak, and thence by the
overland route to San Francisco and Oregon. His
letters, three of which will be found in the Tribune
tor June 6, will probably furnish more correct infor
mation regarding the routes and sections of country
through which he passes, than can be had from any
other source. We advise all who wish to obtain re
liable knowledge of the countries intersected by the
overland mails, to read his letters as they appear
from time to time in the Tribune.
From the Laxcastek's Wreck Mr. Manini's
sloop has twice returned from the scene of the wreck,
bringing in all some thirty casks of ale. She has
brought only about half the ale saved. The schoon
er Joan Young left yesterday to procure some of the
heavier materials such as chains, spars, &c 7
Tns ".Orestes."- On Tuesday last the crew of
this vessel signed a, protest against going on the
voyage any further, alleging that she was unsea
worthy. The acting British Consul, Wm. I Green,
Esq., thereupon ordered aysurvey of the vessel. wh:ch
was made on Wednesday, but the result has not
transpired. .. . . ' x ,
EST The blight has again appeared on the coffee
trees at Kona, Hawaii, more severely than ever be
fore, and threatens to put an end to the ciltivation of
cofT.s there. . '
Er20YAJ Mr. Savide hat removed to tie new
an-' -M.nr-riof .bniLi1" l rv.r .
NOTES OPTHB WEEK.
: Sugar SoBOian.-We notice, with pleasure, the
appearance of this valuable fodder-grass m our
streets, where it is being sent of late for sale by Mr.
Holstein, of the Agricultural Society's garden. What
ever exaggerated ideas may have been
its first introduction in Europe and the United States
about itssugar-yielding qualities, all f h
been exploded ; one fact is certain, that .t is not only
a firsurate fodder-grass for horses and cattle but so
far as experience has taught, it far excels all others
in richness and wholesomeness of its nutritave consti-tuents-not
even excepting clover. Gentlemen in
ir-i..i.. un kent their horses on this grass
during the last year, speak in the highest terms of
its benefioial effects upon the health and strength of
a . a. lL.n. -l- hflVA
their animals. We feel assurea tuai tuu w
onCe given it a fair trial will soon- come to the con
clusion that they cannot well do without it
A Surprise. Last evening, about 9 o'clock, the
r I-,.-- r Protection Hook and LadUer M. iso. i.
accompanied with appropriate music, waited on their
t- Ti.oman Snencer. and presented him a neat
silver pitcher. Mr. C. W. Vincent, on behalf the
company made the following speech :
On behalf of the Members of Protection Hook and
Ladder Company, I present you this silver Inteher.
as a small token of the high esteem and respect they
bear towards you for the able and invaluable services
you have rendered them as Foreman, since the or.
eardzation of the company the efficiency of which is
owisg much to the indefatigable and nntinng zeal
you have always manifested towards it. They beg ot
. - tArrot Ivor with their earnest solicitude
you to acuoy i, .
for the future welfare of yourself and family.
Capt. Spencer was taken wholly by surprise, but
replied in his usual happy manner. After which
the company were entertained by "Gardner," with
one of those off-hand lunches for which he is famous.
Oranges. Our readers will regret to learn that
the prospects of raising this fruit successfully at
these Islands, are somewhat doubtful. It has always
been supposed that Kona on Hawaii was peculiarly
adapted to them, and heretofore no enemy of
the fruit has been observed. A reliable correspon
dent at Kona, in a letter dated J uly 29, states : "A
new scourge in the agricultural line is upon us.
The orange crop is going to be small this year. As
fast almost as the fruit gets half grown, a white
worm makes its appearance in the end of the orange,
and baring through the rind, destroys it" How ex
tensively this insect has been observed there or else
where our correspondent does not state, but possibly
some of our old orange growers may have observed
it in formcryears. We should like to hear from any
one, whether it is so or not.
Many of our readers who visited the splendid
clipper " Sorereig- of the Seas" when at this port
in 1852, will remember her chief officer, Mr. Charles
Merrihew, a gentleman by birth and education,
whose extreme good nature and polite deportifSt
endeared him to all who were so fortunate ?' -
make his acquaintance. On the return of tn
to New York, Mr. Merrihew was placed in comi
of the 1st class packet ship Pomona, in the New
York and Liverpool trade, and by late adviees, we
notice that his ship was totally lost in the oglish
channel with 380 lives. The Captain was among" the
lost Though quite a young man, he was a most
consummate seaman, cool and collected in emergen
cies, and perfectly fearless in times of danger, his
loss will be deeply deplored by all who knew him.
Tns 81st. Nothing very important happened on
this anniversary. In town it was unusually quiet
throughout the day. The Rifles left their armory at
10 o'clock, and proceeded to Kewalo, where His Maj
esty, accompanied by his aids, took command of the
corps and reviewed them. The evolutions were all
performed with that precision for which the Rifles
are noted. At 1 o'clock, the company with invited
guests, sat down to a most liberal and really refresh
ing banquet, provided by His Majesty. Some little
disturbance occurred near the close of the entertain
ment, of which, perhaps, the least said the better.
Taxes a.nd Horseflesh. From various quarters
we hear that the natives are getting frightened at
the new horse tax ' and disposing of their horswj by
killing and eating them. It is said that they prefer
the flesh of horses to that of beef. This custom pre
vails in some half civilized countries, and though
eating horseflesh sounds awfully wicked to refined
tastes, yet really it is better and more wholesome
food than pork. Still, we have no wish to see the
custom prevail here, though our native horses are
becoming a scourge and a nuisance.
"Sealed Tenders." Visitors from Hawaii speak
in glowing terms of the sight afforded by the flowing
of the lava into the sea, which was still in progress
when the last vessel left The stream had spread to
about two miles in width along the shore, aud the
lava had formed a point running out nearly a quar
ter of a mile beyond tbe old shore line. One who
witnessed it thinks that Madame Pele would be a
grand contractor to finish out the Esplanade for us,
and fill in the Waikahalulu lots, if we could oniy
regulate her movements as easily as those of the
dredge, and stop her at the right moment Why not
get out some proposals for "sealed tenders?"
OiNcr.R Root. A subscriber at Hilo sends us a
root of this plant, inquiring if it is of any value, and
adds that probably a ton could be gathered growing
wild about that town. The plant also grows wild
in the v allies back of Honolulu. It is occasionally
shipped to San Francisco aud sold to Chinamen, who
preserve it, as they do in their own country. It is,
we believe identically the same plant as that which
furnishes the preserved Ginger imported from China,
in enrthern pots, and it would no doubt pay well to
preserve here, could containers be had.
Postage Stamps Have been, issued at the office
in Honolulu, and distributed at the various Post
offices throughout the glands. They are of one, two
and Jive cents respectively. Every person should
keep them on band, and use them whether they send
by post or otherwise. The f tro cent stamps are is
sued in sheets of 25, or 69 ctuts for the sheet
Rotal Tocr. Their Majesties the Kino and
Queen with the Prince RoTAL.tccompanied Jby a
large suite, left in the schooner Maria on Wednes
day evening for Lahaina, were they will probably
remain two weeks or more, after which the Royal
party will proceed to Kailua, and spend several
months on the islaud of Hawaii.
Races. A race is to come off on the Waikiki race
course on Saturday next, at 4 o'clock, between two
horses belonging to M. M. Webster and two of Paul
Manini's, for 200 a side. Considerable excitement
is anticipated on the occasion, as one of the horses is
from Hawaii, and is said to be a fast racer let him
Domestic Preserves. We have received a couple
of jars containing specimens of preserved pine-apples
and the same fruit pickled, prepared and put up by
Mrs. Taylor of Kailua. The latter preparation is
something entirely new. and both will be found to be
of superior quality. They can be obtained at E. O.
Removed. Mr. C L. Richards last week moved
into the new stone store recently erected by him, ad
joining his old stand. Tbe second floor will be oc
cupied by Messrs. C. A. Williams & Co. Here will
probably be also located our inter-island steamboat
office. ' .
Per Moonlight. No later advices were received
by this ship from Puget Sound than we had by the
last previous arrival. Capt Breck found us in pos
session of papers several weeks later than he had
seen, and took on files with him to China.
Depdtt XJ. 8. Consul. T. J. Dougherty, Esq.,
has been officially recognized by the Hawaiian Gov
ernment as Deputy ,U. S. Consul, during the absence
of Hon. Abner Pratt '
EST The overland mail between Kawaihae; and
Kona, Hawaii, after haying been suspended r sever
al months has been resumed aain. It runs semi
monthly. ' ; . ' . ..'
7 The U. & Mail of June 20, V3 te djtj tr
tnt Monday next tbe il JJLj l j Li -l-i
----- . : . .
Bonner, of the Ledger, has eB-.:j :
to edit a chess department in that K
It is stated that Mr. Richard (vf"
Mr. Greeley, in Via journey to CttlifcJJ'V
' The Milwaukee Veu- eavi'tW .
Key, no less thau thirty-four men fcirA
; at by injured husbands. ,5
The sun shone brilliantly inhj
Humboldt died, and it is reported tWvN
addressed to his niece, were : tr-
Strablem : sei scheinen die
rofen ! (now grand these ravg. tyJrH
Earth to Heaveu !") W
Dkath or Db. Lardker. ci
aistinguutucu aim iiiusinoua man "l'
ed the world with many valuable ewk
diffused, and are still diffusing kno-ilj
classes of society. "Vn
The lucky discoverers of five rich ra, )
the South Seas are American citizen, pf1
one of the discovers, (a member of tlM
Williams & Co., Honolulu,)
home in New London, aud has senTi
- 1 j JiilC4uj i
another member of the firm.2?orfoi iV
the btate liepartment by Alfred MiiA.n
fitTANrt- -We think tliat t!. ,"i: ..
... uuxanfr. .
rtf ruano is an event of mnr ;. ' E
. . , . puru. i
discovery of a gold mine. The WMJjrX
pondent of the J". Y. Journal of Co
. TIam ! a nr.lliinfV r. t : S
iuic u uuiiue vi uiuic interest to O
guano trade promises to become one ot fcu?
est in the Pacific, giving einplojmn,,
Dins, and affording means for thJ
fertility of the exhausted soils in th i,,
Even in cotton lands, guano has ccaeC
indispensable fertilizer." m
Valuable Discovert to Suip Oim J
covery is said to have been recently ,,"!)
which, if true, must soon do
ships' bottoms. Tbe object cf tha,
knows, is to protect the ship ugahat
worms, which prevail to a greater
all seas, and it is now said, that noorat
wood which has received a coating of cJl
estimated that 860 would coat the botut
ship; and it is said to harden 4 wji
wood. The experiment has been trii Q
a small scale, and found to succeed tdiir&i
Tub Ekoldih Elections. The Loudo, J
dent of the JV. Y. Tribune says, theCW
have consolidated their party by stutu
Lord Derby subscribed $100,im)0 f ?
the Duke of Northumbeiland S12G,&jO;i
three new Peers $50,000, and 3150,Xj JU
furnished by the other members of lueGj
it is uoweTcr k11 4UC011UU wncmer tttj
will be able to defeat the Ministry, ;
office and cannot be ousted but ly a v
Caninaereial and Fiuaacial Cs
Austria possesses 265 miles of tea cat
grand basins of rivers, and that of tiit In
particular, which covers 8,000 square lap,
people are composed of four of the urioe.
of the European population Latins, Gtr
and Sclavas. Most productions flourish aa ?
soil of the country ; the forests are rick it J
the mountains in minerals. Austria, ojsj
of 12.120 square leagues, counts lO.iJS.t
' habitants equal to 3,808 per squire kn
the extreme thinness of the pipuUtun'
Hungary, Volvodia and the Bukotini,!1
vast field for cultivation. The people of W
are still backward in everything that reliai
culture and industrial pursuits. Riiiti?"1
ever, are destined to create great eWaij
gary, which has been hitherto retarded jji
gress by the want of roads and otheraeta'
munication. ' j
The different races in Austria vary it St
steal peculiarities, but the penerality of 4)
are strong and healthy. The Magyar J
supple, tbe. Italian firmly knit, tbe TyroSaJ
lar," the Solave and Pole stubby and sV
Slowak well made, the Croat tough and W
Serb and Dalmatian are well looking,
Alps and Corinth ia cretinism abounds. j
Eer remarks that the inhabitants of these;
Austria abandon themselves volnnt-riljrtj
that is to say, listlessness. His ob8ens
and to the point, are very valuable in all.
cerns the moral organization of the d fferr:
the empire. With regard to tbe Jerj,1
happy spirit of speculation has contribute
lv to the national fortune." be savs: "e
Jews, many calamities of later days womd
.pared to the country ; bat also many
trreat advantage would never have sen
Let us confess,'" he adds, ' we hue r
learn from the Jews."
Three-fourths of tbe Austrian populitka
cnltural. The whole area of the ecatfjy
about sixtv-five millions hectare of laud a
tillage, of which only one-half is in rnhi'tii
remainder consisting of forests and lieatat
. does not. as vet. prod nee sufficient train tr
consumption. The deficit was covered
bad year by imports of grain atuountingti
0001. In ordinary years, Austria does k
grain to the value of more than O'Wl.
In Bpite of her fertility, Austria inprf
abroad 65,000 quintals or fruit, and ami
value of seventeen millions of florins. Tclt
nisb.es a monopoly and revenue of 26,57T,(ls
The wine though improved in quality, de
crease in quantity. The forests furnisb BU
exportation to tbe amount of 7. JOO.MO dors
the forest laws are not well administered.
tories of potash, resin, pitch and cbaiccil
too much of the raw material. Austria -J"
of large properties, and is subject to a!l ii
the concentration of landed property ii If
The people have also no proper ideas an a
vantages of the subdivision of labor, .and te?
of that primitive and patriarchal counfrj"
their own butchers, carpenters and N-"1
The total value of the-agricultural pr3
Austria, including the product of the siil K
1,748,243,000 florins. In the precwas
tria is, after Russia, the richest State of if'
extracts annually gold to the anonnt l 1
fiorins, and silver to the amount of 5,. W.'- '
Future historians will have to point eft
markable fact, that in the midl'e of b R
tury the country, the richest in Europe rj
sliver, was the poorest in point ofciiw- j
During the last thirly-six yetrs the p"M
iron has quadrupled in Austria, but it s-l
ficient She imports largely sheet andcj
Bteel. She possesses an abundance of f)
sumes very little; estimated in tens, nwJ
tion of coal is twenty times less thn
tion of tobacco. The total value of .1
wealth, including salt and coal, amount teM
000 florins. The principal branches rf
manufacturing industry are thegls J
nfactures and the siik manufactures
The construction of machinery an! nijT
commencing on a fair scale at Progu
The total value of her manufuctures
florins. To this amount M. Schwaner!
000 for the value cf the labor, which p;e
000 florins as the true value of the 1
velopmentof Austria. In railways J
their commencement about 9.0(H)
ject, of which 5.000 are still to be comr11;
The total value of her commerce,
ports and imports, transit and na'P "J
ono mvi a : .. . ).,.
going vessels. The Austrian Liovd j!
.i ;n isr.( ,- hut the pn
tablishment have been insienificant.
irrigation company, wnicn -iyjr-- . v,
T -a I nlM ft
twenty years, and possesses more my
a a t .,-
Desiaes an mnumeraoie qunij . rf
eels; appears to be more tavoraui - .
revenue in 1855 amounted to 2,-6i,w j
Schwarxer estimates the total value 01 .
ductiens agricultural, metallic, ndae
mercial at 4L1 00.000.000 florins,
Schwarxer estimates the total value
value of the productions of Great Bn.u j
at 540,000,000 sterling, and that of tw r
of France 10 milliards, or 400 milhoW
HAS THIS DAT BEHOVED TO THE ST0K -f
ODD FELLOWS' WJ
RER OP KIXG AND FOR?1 (
nonolula, Aag-ast 4, 1859.
CARD.-MESSRS. f?WfS j.
take tbe opportunity of thanking
. . r ii ,iatroK
dug id ociu, iur ui. . 17. , aaw
upon ttaem," and respectfully beg tbett V
m ..- . tri
All order- entrant- to then win w P"""
aUty od dispatch. . . -me
They have ou hand, for aale, CASKS of
amounting to np warAa of 4000 bbl. , .
FKES CII SUTTER
12 ever ottarcd for -.Ue In t Ji taarlt-t. vs B y
. nor : toi.eti
ligence of the death of Baron Uom V
announcement of the death of Lr i ,' V
w nn inH iirnui - iii. Mirr on it...
spect, the discoveries of new gmno ii
TIfif hv Americans- ia rf -m.. i t
kUiM -,! -..
" '''' " - -i ?:ii "i'v r,