Newspaper Page Text
... i ". TBUKSDAT. AUGUST 85, 1869.
- A saw weeks ao w DoUcnl the bet that the blight, which
tfmofcre has trouUrd only the coOee plantations, -has com-
Ake the moi trm, and now threatens
rriotttly to carUii. if not 4rstror, the produce or this fruit io
Koaa, UawaiL We were beginning to rely with some cocfl
- ue 00 new and nupurlaut branch of oar export
tde, which bow, aaleas sucac rrae-ly eaa be buQai, we
nipT! fa the bad, befrreH has fairly begun. For
wral year past, the foreigners of that district hare been
pUatia- rearing orange trees wUh great care and outlay of
sooey, waiting ia hope and patience for their reward at some
futorc day. We do not know the exact number of trees, but,
iDdudiitg all size, probabiy not less Uiaa 20,000 are growing to
ta district. These, with the Dew trees being coustantly planted,
. promised a Urge and profitable export trade.
t saaKer of importance that some remedy should be Ue
Tli, If possible, to counteract the effect of the aphis, which
rsasss ths) blight. It is a small insect, resembling somewhat ia
, appear iim can oblong scale. The trees are often almost lite
rally ootutJ with these reale. which in some countries ravage
the whoss orange farailj. It is destroctiTC in Florida and Cen
tral Aaieriea,and we learn burn the San Francisco Bulletin
that It ia now ravaging the orchards in that State to a consider
able extent. We quote from a letter by a Los ADgelcs gentle
saan to that paper t
" It was ao anowc here a few years sgo, and the orange, etc.,
did su well that scanv people of this place engaged extensively
la Its call are. Mr. Wolfskin has an orchard of 2,000 trees, be
twsea are and six years oU. Bat he is getting discouraged,
a&4 already talks of ptantiog the orchard with grape vines.
' The writer has tried the remedies proposed by Downing that
ia, Injecting gas-Uqaor. ia fall straunh. daily, fr weeks, and at
lotervals, for sawths, uo the tree affected, both last summer
auU this spring, wbei the insect was young and tender hot
with very little apparent edct. The insect is coming affsin in
t miUiuoa. Oa turning over some of these scales, as
bond oa the orange leaf, with the aid or a microscope the young
snay be seen running about both on the nnjT side of the scale
and so the IraC As they get a fcw dajs older, they adhere
aloa boch sites of the stem and ribs of the leaf like a sheU-nsh
ts a rack, aad seldom after move, but derive their substince
frosa the fc-af's Juices, till, baviog grown nearly to the sixe ot a
grata mt wheat, tbut much natter), they hare fulfilled their
foncUoas t thry lose their vitality awl drr.p off. I have seen
one, and bat ooe, of these Insects that could move when half,
grown. . It bad a very stow, cumbrous motioa. Ants frequent
IM hee infested by these scales, in large numbers."
The arrival of the PaJmrr on Friday last, placed us in receipt
- ef advices from Saa Francisco six days later than those by the
Ftlix. From the east, advices were two days later. No
change is noticed In the markets from our last quotations. The
kaporta by the Palmer were large, eonsifting of SMortcd jaer
caaadiaa, aad amounting la value to about $29,700. Her freight
Sad psssi ngtr list from Saa Francisco amounted to 1,951, (in
correctly stated la the Poijntiun). That of the Felix was
aoout S2.4T0. The Palmer ia bdd on the berth for a retura
- freight, and will find a full cargo. The dsstiiistina or the Ftlix
Is as yet uncertain.
The whale-bark Franklin Id, (a sperm whaler,) came In oa
Xoodsy, bat being from California Coast, brings as no advices
from the Sorth. An arrival at lahalna yesterday (sec port of
Lahsias) brings as the first news from the Storth. Cept. Bob
insoa writes that he has sent us all the news he could gather
fmcn the whaling ground.
The arrival of the Hawaiian bark C. Xtlckcrt, Sr.. with a
short paasage of 123 days from Bremen, (the shortest ever made
between the two ports ia exceeuiugiy fortunate for the owners
of h"T cargu, which, having been selected with great care, will
unquestionably meet a speedy sale. Some of the samples we
have area have never been surpassed ia this market. Large
sale " to arrive were made from this cargo some weeks ago,
aad ether sine the arrival of the vessel, but we are unable to
otaia particulars. Aside from these, our market has beea very
Inactive daring the week
la aactloa sale of the effects saved from the wreck of the
Santk Stommn waa bekl by 3. F. Coibum, on Tuesday. The
sale amounted to about $100. The prices realised wrre low s
btse drills. Sic yard ; bias cottua do-, 7c silk bdkm, $1 63 ;
S bbU Saw. beef, $4 SS 20 bbls Am. beef, $11 76 Ol $12 75
U bbss pork, $14 S3, c, Ac.
la auction sale held by A. P. Xverett, oa the same day, went
off very doIL We quote a few prices t black silk, 81e yard
white L B. shirts, $10 25 ; lasting shoes, $1 13 T pair ; hick,
stripes, 7ic If yard ; sailors' brogans. pair, $1 ; 20 doc en
round she! com ha. $1 26; ginghams, lire If yard hickory
ihirta, $4 SO doe-, c c
' ' A tract U 730 acres of paatare Und ia Koiaa, sold yesterday
for $1,300, suhject to lease of J years, at $150 annum.
LCMBKX 5,000 feet siding sU at $35.
SlirXOLKS 100,000 shingbw ex Frmcrt Palmer, at $5.
Both these sales were made to arrite.
OrSSIta Sales at 13c
OATS Sales at 3c 0 Sic
- Tat Oil Vaarrr. The market the present week has been as
dull as the weather. In sperm nil we hear of only the sale of
300 bote., andrrwood at $1 30 per gall ; and 30 bbls. dark
' waaie oil at 40 cts per raJL.
Ia Boston iO bhia. sperm oil baa been sold at $1 30 per gall.
Ia Sew London, sales of 200 bbls. sperm, for export, have
been made at $1 30 per galh, and 75 do. for manufacturing, at
Ia New York there have beea considerable sales of whalebone,
aat we bear of abnat 9000 lbs. Arctic, suid at 60 cts per lb., and
14,000 ths. th Sea, at 70 cts. per lb. for export.
On Satarlay 600 bbls handscme sperm oil were sold in Sag
Harbor, lobe delivered in Sew York, at$l 27 per galh It. B.
Mlandttrii. June 30.
LATEST DATES, rreclecal sti thia OsBec.
Baa Francisco . log. I Paris June 28
Panama, N. U June 15 Hongkong. May 14
New fork July 8 i Melbourne, Vic May 16
London. June 30 Tahiti. July 4
Ships Mali. '
Fox ?tx Faxxctsco Per Frances Palmer, Sept. 3.
For Kadi per Margaret, about Saturday.
For Laaxis per Kahuna to-day, and Queen to-morrow,
rfer Hire per Kalama, this day.
POH.T or HOiroZsUZsTj. h. i.
Ami. 19 Am bk Frances Palmer. Paty, 11 da fro San Francisco
with mdse to Waterman A Co.
. : 13 Haw bk C Meicbers,Eenl23 ds fm Bremen, with
- asvfd ale Co Melcbera A Co.
' . tu Pch Warwica, fm M-,kai, with native produce.
3 tcb hxeel. Autaiao, fm Kauai, with wood, beef, tallow
21 Am wb bk Franklyn II, How land, of X. B., 22 mos
out, 70U bbls sp. 19 days fr-i Margarita l;y.
21 Sch Klama, Barras. fm Hilo, Ji sugar and hides.
21 tch Kamui, WUbur. fm Labaiua, with 1S00 busheU
21 Sch Maria, Mo?teno, fan Lahaina, with firewood.
Mutkeiaj, atau, im aaauiuv, wun sugar ana
li ch Q-ietn, White, frm nana, with bland produce.
25 fch Mry, Berrill. fci Kawaihae, w ith cattle and sheep.
i Manuokawai, Becalry, Im bobala, wita proJuce.
Aag 19 Sea MaanokawsJ, Beckley, for Lahaina and Kohala.
23 h Kam'Jt, W Ubor, t Lahaina.
. 21 eVh Maria, sioheon, for Maui.
- XI rh Xxcei. Antonio, f Kauai.
Baba FaaxKux 2a, aaroais : Last from JIargarita Bay,
coast California- fpufce ia the bay wb bk Joseph Grinncll,
Thomas, of V. B-, August 3, 14 mos ont, 800 sp. Bk Sacra
mtntn, Pefriei. Aagust 3, 14 mos, out, 80 bbls sp. Left soon
after for Paita. Co 1st, spoke bk Lagrange, GoWng, 19 mos
as, M bote. Sailed for Pall a. July 1st, spoke bk Orey bound,
Cathart,ef West port, 15 mos out, 60 bbls sp. Had sailed for
PatU. Spoke bk Ocean Bird, Seammon, 21 da fat Saa Fran
cisco, 60 boot sp. Cape How la ad reports that be saw no Call-'
foraia greys or muscle diggers, as they frequent the bays ouiy
during the bfi and winter months.
Loaa or TSit Staoosta Prau The Hawaiian schooner Pfeil,
of Boaotulu, 2 nns, owned by the boose of Uoffchlsveg-r
axapeuaom, left Uooolula oa a trading voyage on the 17th Xor.
isat, aader ecmmad of Capt. F. W. Daaelsberg. Oa the 29th
January, this rear, arrived as! Covcil or Boatoc Island, on of
the Ranch chain. Ia sneering the passage leading to the lagoon,
aad the wind suddenly shifttng, the schopoer struck audwsy on
the racks, where she remained oaw aad a half hours, striking
heavily several tliaes. With great earn ion of the crew and
wltt the help of the aatives troas sahore, the schooner was got
eSTassi sskSmwJ to U iseaard of the huaad. Here she re
slnwi threw days aav vas then tnwed into the lagoon. Left
Cow-a Ialaad an the 19th of Feb. and arrived at Ascension on
the 27th iaec ; krfl there oa the 10th of March ; experieored
stasng winds snd a heavy sea, posspiny every two hours during
the ftrst days, aad the Irak Increasing constantly, steered for
tswasa, where aha arrived the loth of March last. A survey
fearing beea held the aex r, the schooner was condemned
aad soil. ...
This ioeeBsj sun , for which we are obnged ta Mr. Smpenhorst,
mmm of the wwaers, nail by the CnltedsMatea surveying schooner
Fenimmr Camftrr, vim Hongkong aad Baa Francisco. Capt,
naswtike v aad 3 foreigners of the schooner's crew were still at
Guam wa. ins; an opportunity to go to Uooolula ; and the
Ilawalians of te crew had shipped la dfflerait wbalehipa that
toariwd at Oaasa aad may be expected here la the faiL We
saigbt write aa ryaph over the good schooner Pfeil as one of
the eartaeat ptooeers aaaoog the UUads of the Wnt Pacific, but
war space soruida it at this Une. Pelyntnan.
Frosa saw Vew Bedford exchanges, are clip the fuOowlog items
of tail i LA. The Mlowing whale ship luid arrived at New
Bedford frosa these Maads:
Jane f Ship hosaan, Oeenil, taken no oil oa .the royage
Jane 24 ?Mp MiVa, Soulr, took SO sp, 20 wh and 1800 lb ba
aa taje paasw - hnrae.
Jaae 2a-L..ip China, Thompsoa, took 38 bbls so on the pas-
Jane 28 fit Hew London) ship Coras, Bahcock. via Tahiti.
Jane 2a (At Sag flarbor) ship Mootauk, French. w
treo. A. Bourne snht at auctioa. la New Bedford, bk Sarah
Ihsnf, Ml tamas dneharxed rraa her last royage, to John A.
Macamher, lar $2260 ; and bk Smyrna, 219 tons, aa discharged
frosa her last royage, to Robert B. Oveene, for $2300.
Pfeip Catawba, f Kantocket, Xte tons, at Edrartown, was
soil at aactioa ta Cant. BenJ. F. Riddell, for $4300. She is to
he esapjnyed ia the South Americaa trail, ander command of
Whale ship Friends, af New London, 403 tons, was sold oa
the 23d June n Mr. Lorea Corthell, for about $1600.
Ship BraoUine, of Sow London, waa sold at aactioa aa 20th
hssc, to Cape L. L. Butler, of that city, for $3700. She is to be
employed m the Soalh Asoetican trade.
Slrp Assethyst, 359 tons, as discharmd fmi her mat royage,
has ansii iiiiiinasBl j Wai Till t th" sum of $6600.
She win be employed in tb -.nev-.ween this
port and the Sandwich 1 . .
Spokea, May 19th, mU 38 deg. '-g. 42 deg. 12 min.,
hip Siaas, from Bostua for Hanoi
VC3CXJS IN POUT-t-AUC. S.
Am. kasit Fra koer, Paty, up for San Frencisro.
Brem. aw k heUx, sstasr. '
Ml. bark Oi sslis. 1 soa, repaJrinav - -. - -
fiasr. bark MaioU, let". h, sochargiag carpi.
Aavtj J' r.aM. an v Jarris Isismd.
" i I
i. i-J-ad, rtJUiag.
lag. 24 Am wh sh Tahmaroo, Robinson, of Fairbaven, from
Kodiack, 150 wh season.
IT Ship Tahmaroo, Robinson, at Lahaina, reports
June 11th Ship Comilhian 2 wbsles.
" - Bark Sharon 2 "
- " Jason A
22d - Ocean 1
July 8th " Ben. Morgan 4 "
-loch Wm. Wirt 4 "
Bark Cynthia 3 u
? 24th - Cnion, 3. H Ckan.
Kariy in the season, ship Polar Star, 1 sp wh and 1 rgbt wh;
Ocmolgee, 2 sp wh; lost a part of them in a gale. Ship Speed
well, bound to Arctic
The Tahmaroo cruised oft Sitka and Christian Sound, the
months of . May and June; saw a good many whales for a short
time Jane 20tb, was off Queen Charlott's Island; saw; nothing
there. Off Forrester Inland, saw one whale with a calf. Off
Cross Sound, July 1st, saw a few whales. Followed the land to
the west. On 17th, was off Montague Island. On the 19th, was
off Cook's Inlet. On 25th, was near the south part of Kodiack
Island; saw one whale there which we took; saw a great many
humpbacks, took one.
August 4th, was in to Cross iound, saw large pieces of ice at
tached to the shore. The place look dry; picked, up a canoe
which was adrift. Have had fair wind and pleasant weather,
all the passage down. And bound to Hew Zealand. On the
2il July, about 25 miles east of St. Ilermogcne Island, saw a
merchant bark steering towards port Chatham (Cook's Inlet)
Saw bk Caroline, Puntiss; was bound to Honolulu, leaking.
About all whales seen were off Cross Sound, Christian and
Sitka; seen quite plenty for about three weeks, but few taken,
on account of so many ships; whales very wild. Ships had all
left for the Arctic, except Cynthia, Wm. Wirt, Union, and Ben.
Morgan, bound to Bristol Bay.
Faox Sax F si s Cisco, rsa Faaxccs Pxlmxx, A to. 19.
W Duncan 1 wargon.
II M Whitney 3cs mdse.
Wm Pearson 1 package mdse.
E Pen-in 3 pkgs mdse.
Order Brandy, whisky and glassware.
O C Siders 6 stoves.
Castle 4c Cooke Pails, corn meal, matting. 11 cs and S bales
C L Richards A CoS?oap, tea snd furniture,
Vtsl A Ahee 14 cs, 6 baskets, 7 bale and 15 trunks mdse,
and 2C0 mats rice.
J anion. Green A Co 32 hhds ale.
W X Ladd 2 bbls whiting, shovels, spades, rakes and ox
H Robinson 3 meat safes, sherry wine and brandy.
S Savtdrc 10 cs oysters.
A S A M S Urinhaum 21 cs mdse.
J II iKrauss i cs mdse.
N W Taliant brand r. wine, cider, vinegar and salmon.
C A A II F Poor 100 bbls salmon.
II W Severance Furniture, shovels, bread, soda, ketchup
smoked beef, glassware, varnish, spices, blacking and oysters.
Oeo Q llowe 5 M feet sidinp.
Castle A Cook 100 M shi leles.
J O Harding 1- wheelbarrows.
J Paty Oats, muscles, oysters, carriage springs, Lyons ale,
sheep's toogues. bams, Ac
J Barnatt 13 cs mdse.
From Bssmbx per Carl M etc hen, senr., Aug 2082 bales
72 cases mdse, 64 cs. 60 bbls, 3v csks, 4 crates, & pkgs, 10 coils,
6-) bxs hardware and sundries; 366 bars, 124 bdls iron, 6 bbls do;
211 shooks staves. 17 casks hoops and heads, 60 empty casks. 0
whaleboats, 60 dos brooms, 04 boards. 22 pkgs furniture, 143 cs,
170 bbls, 7d casks, IV demijohns f-rovisions ; 300 bxs gin, 226
bxs, 212 bbls wines and spirits; 200 bbls ale, 20 dem. alcohol,
200 do vlnecar, 2 sample bxs, 3 bxs furniture, 89 empty casks,
236 cases, 136 casks, 6 bags, 114 bales, 17 rolls, 1 tub, pkgs,
100 tins. 81 bars. 01 bdls, 4 blocks merchandises cases sample,
4 bbls wines. 1 box provisions, 7 bxs clothing, 1 case drugs, 0
lasts coals, 70 Japanese brooms, 1 box stone figures, I music
box, 1 oil paintimr, 13 dot stockings, 0 cupboards, 1 box s!ates
and pencils, 2 boxes powder, 30 hams, 2 boxes perfumery, 1 bx
glasses, 2d cheeses, 650 bs bird-seed. 150 do. sausages, 4 boxes
pictures, 314 doe shoes. 5 M cigars, 1 dos sea boots. 15 coils .
cordage, 3 boxes glass, 36 birds, IS dos shirts.
From FaxxcB Faiaarc Shoals per Kamehameha IV., Aug.
13 being part of the cargo of the wrecked ship South Seaman s
4 casks Sour, 4 pi pes read, 25 bbls beef. 24 do pork. 40 do seal
oil (catchincs). 1 cask dry goods, 20 bxs soap, 7,700 cigars. 2
dos Jackets, 4 kegs butter, 11 turtles, 1 gun.
To Mlc05EtA per Morning Star, Aug 18 Missionaries
stores. Ac, to the amount of $3,733 91, foreign produce; and
o4 domestic produce.
From Bbemsx per C. Melcbera, senr., Aug 19 Mrs Schim-
melfening and child. Miss Bay sens, C Wilheim, C Kremer.
From Sax FnASCtsco per Frances Palmer, Aug 19 S N
Castle, Pr F Hutchinson, J Barnartt, A S Grinbaum, baum, Ah
W an, b Ayer, .Miss Alice Komnvn, 11 Mc.Maiiy, T McManv. r
Sestcrfun. T D Orege, M B Kull-r, A Bivins, At Soog, Ah Sun,
Chas Eyles, D Robinson, Antouio Derego.
For MtcaosesiA per Morning Star, Aagust 18 Mr Andrew
For Kacai per Exc-I, August 23 Miss Mary Castle, Wm C
Parke, J C Spalding, Achu, and 20 deck passengers.
For LaSaixa per Maria. Aug 23 Messrs A. S. Cook, S O
Dwlght and 2 sons, K Rogers, T II Marshall, Dr Hutchinson, Mr
For Lahajsa per Katnoi, Aug 23 W X Ladd. Miss Mary
Ladd, Miss Newman, K Coit Hobron.
rrom Lahaixa per Kamoi, Aug 21 Dr J M Smith and
lady, and 20 natives.
From Kacai per Excel, August 20 Mrs John Ladd, Mrs
Johnson, Misses A Johnson, J Johnson and L Johnson, Miss
Bella llolden. Miss A Alexander, and Messrs L C Armstrong,
A Judd, Lather Severance, A ilcox. Master K Ladd, and 32
From Hilo tier Kalama, Aug 20 MiM E W Alexander.
Mii L M Clark, Miss 8 E Coan, Miss E E Lyman, and Messrs
W II Gulick, S L Coin, F S Lyman, K II Lyman,, and 60
From Lahaixa per Maria, Angust 21 Miss Helen Judd.
A Judd. W. K. Sxod&sass, J O Carter. Frank Pratt, L McCully,
Aawaou, ana uuier.
THURSDAY, AUGUST 25.
The advices from Europe by the Felix,
and still later by the Palmer, are more interest
ing than any before received. We gavo in our
last isaue accounts of the battles of Magenta and
Malegnano, and a telegraphic report of the battle
of Jlincio. In another column will be found the
particulars of the latter engagement. The giat
of the whole news ia that the Austrians are being
driven like chaff before the victorious arms of the
Allies, and probably ere this have been forced
within their own boundaries. With these facta
all our readers have become familiar, but there
are some point being developed aa the war pro
ceede, which they may not be aware of.
On entering Milan, the Capital of Lombardy,
the French Emperor issued an important pro
clamatijn to the Italians, and there seems no
longer any reasonable doubt of the eincerity of
his declaration, that he has entered Italy not
with ambitious purposes of personal conquest, b l
to place Italy in the hands of the Italians. If he
carries out his declared purposes, h? will make to
himself a name which future generations will
place far above that of his illustrious uncle,
whose ravaging wars of conquest fill so large a
pago in the world's history. The following is
the proclamation :
Italians : The fortune of war bavin? brouzht as
into the capital of Lombard, I am about to tell you
why I am here. lieu Austria unjustly attacked
Piedmont I resolved to support my ally the King of
Sardinia, the honor and the interest of France
making it a duty for me to do so. Your eneuiie?,
who are also mine, endeavored to diminish the sym
pathy which was felt in Europe for your cause by
making it to be believed that I only made war from
personal ambition, or to aggrandize tbe territory of
France. If there are men who do not comprehend
their epoch, I ana not of the number. In the en
lightened state of publio opinion there is more
grandeur to be acquired by the moral influence
which is exercised than by fruitless conquests, and
that moral influence I seek with pride in contribu
ting to restore to freedom one of the finest parts of
Europe. Your reception has already proved to me
that you bare understood me. I do not come here
with tbe preconceived system of dispossessing the
Sovereign nor to impose my will on you. My army
will only occupy itself with two things to combat
your enemies and maintain internal order. It will
not throw any obstacle in the way of the legitimate
manifestation of your wishes. Providence sometimes
favors nations as well as individuals by giving it a
suddenly opportunity for greatness, but it is on con.
dition that it knows how to profit by it Profit, then,
by tbe fortune which is offered to you to obtain your
independence. Organize yourselves militarily. Fly
to tbe standard of King Victor Emmanuel, who has
already so nobly shown you the path of honor. Re
member, that without discipline there can be no
army. Be to-day only soldiers, and to-morrow you
will be the free citizens of a great count ry.
Head-quarters, Milan, 8th. Napoleos.
From the above it is evident that the war wUl
cease, bo far aa present indications show, when
ever the Austrians are driven from Italy. Pro
bably Lombardy and Venice will be ccaexed to .
Sardinia, and the remainder of Italy roorr.ir-i
into one confederacy, but on what plan or Li
what way, can yet be only a matter of conjectara.
r Perhaps the most important news brought by
the mails is the change in the attitude of the
British government and nation, caused by a
fchaas in her Ministry. '. A few. weeks ago, all
England was blustering and foaming against ;
France, accusing her of all manner of perfidy.
Her press spoke loud and wildly against her former
ally, and even the great thnnderer roared out his
anathemas against France. But with the entry
of the new Ministry, a sudden change has occur
red. . The London Times, one of the great powers
of England , has entirely changed its attitude towards
the leUiget ent parties. . It has turned its back sud
denly upon Austria, whose cause it badso warm
ly espoused, and now expressed its confidence in
the good intentions of the French Emperor,
whom it had so recently and so violently assailed.
To what this change is owing it is impossible to
determine, but it is a sure indication which way
the btrong wind is blowing ; that the cause of
Austria is now regarded as hopeless. The Lon
don Times has the following significant language,
strangely in cor.'vast with its late articles on this
Amid the thousand and one rumors that have been
chasing one another since it fell to Lord Palmerston
to reconstruct me v nig taoinet, one tning aione, so
far as we know, is definitely settled. Lord John Rus
sell has accepted tbe Foreign Office. This places
beyond a doubt, if doubt there could be, the policy of
England on the Italian question. Lord John Russell
has ever been known as an ardent friend of the
Italian race, Italian freedom, and Italian unity. As
these feelinw have been generally shown out of
office, or when they had not to stand any practical
test, they have been received with as much enthusi
asm as was compatible with Lord John's singularly
calm and rational nature.
With Lord Palmerston's avowed belief that had
England stood by France in her negotiations with
Austria, she could have prevented the wjir, and that
even now we must look to tbe Anglo-Gallic alliance
for the final and satisfactory settlement of Italian war.
Lord John Russell will have as much scope and au
thority in his office as if he stood alone. It is dimcult
to imagine a disagreement between tbe two statesmen.
Both wish Austria to admit tbe fact of her defeat, her
ascertained inferiority, and the incurable disadvan
tages of her position south of the Alps; both are of
opinion that she will consult her own greatness better
by relinquishing territory which costs an immense
army, and still greater odium. Both see in France
a better s gent for the reorganization of Italy, and for
the creation of a federal union, which is all the unity
possible under existing circumstances.
Hera the question to be confined to tbe present
stite. of affairs, the policy to be pursued might be
stated in a sentence. Austria is flying homewards
France and Sardinia are pursuing ber across the
Adda Free corps are molesting her in tbe North
Venice is about to be attacked immediately on the
East, and on the South tbe whole Peninsula is rising
against her and expelling her armies and her garri
son. The only advice to be given is thaf Austria
should accommodate herself to these painful circum
stances just as England admitted the independence of
the United States, and France twice submitted to the
dictation of invaders. There can be no glory gained
by a stubborn or even a victorious resistance to the
just claims of a great nation, and it is unwise to
wage war where military success incurs a moral op
probrium. No doubt this and similar considerations
will be in due time urged upon Austria by the minis
ters who have undertaken to divide the responsibility
of our foreign relations.
In regard to the proclamation of the French
Emperor and the manifesto of the Russian govern
ment, both amounting. to the same import that
they entertained no designs in the war, beyond
the liberation of Italy from Austrian bondage, the
London Times says :
V We must take it that these two crowned beads
(France and Russia) are sincere in the professions
they thus publicly put forward to tbe world. We
must believe that Jsapoleon, when he has driven the
Austrians from Italy will hand over Italy to the
Italians will unite Lombardy with Piedmont- will
secularize the government of the Roman States will
give back to tuples its Constitution, and accord
guarantees for its continuance. We must give our
confidence to Russia that when she favors this chiv
alrous course she also has no hidden object in view;
that she also has sympathy with Italy, and, if any
other ' motive mingles with her pity, it is only a
natural desire to pour some slight humiliation upon
the bead of Austria, and to exalt Prussia at the ex
pense of her rival. It is not to be suggested that '
these State papers should speik that which is not
true. When two great Sovereigns come forward to
protest before Europe that their policy in of a con
servative and disinterested character, and that if they
are fighting battles and conquering kingdoms it is for
the progress of 'ivilization, for the advance of moral
influences, and not from selfish motives, we are
bound to believe them not, indeed, to throw our
selves off our guard, but still to believe them. We.
cannot cease from our astonishment that these things
should be so; we cannot even yet quite comprehend
why the Emperor Napoleon should wish to build up
in Italy a form of government which would be incon
venient to him in France; still less can we under
stand why Russia should seek to give consistency and
power and material forQto those ideas which must
always be antagonistic to absolute rule."
In regardo the attitude which the British
government ought now to assume towards the
belligent parties, the London Times has the fol
lowing emphatic language, which shows that that
government will soon, if it has not already done
so, espouse the cause of France and Italy.
And as a necessary sequence, there will not
only be less probability of her entering the strife,
but much less chance of the Gernran powers be
coming engaged in it, for France, England and
Russia combined can overthrow any European
" The failure of Austrian arms has rendered it im
possible for England or Furope to consider the two
antagonistic Powers as being on that equality which
was assumed before the war. Tben two iwwerful and
haughty Emperors, each with his half million of men
were engaged in a dispute which they carried on
with sullen dignity on each side. The British Gov
ernment presumed them to be equally strong and
highly placed and susceptible of their honor, and so
was able to ask each to make concessions for the pur
pose of propitiating the other. It was incumbent on
them to suppose that the Austrian tule in Italy could
be upheld against a foreign invader, and, as the
Italian Sovereigns were reigning peaceably in their
palaces, it was impossible to treat them but hs tbe
legitimate Sovereigns of their States. But it is evi
dent that these presumptions,, according to which
Lord Derby's Ministry shape! its demands and its
recommenaations, must now De aoanuonea. We are
not about to foretell the immediate expulsion of the
Austrians from Italy; a great Power, put on its met
tle, and with an immense army and strong fortresses,
may give many months trouble to any adversary.
But the Austrians have certainly shown themselves
no match for their adversaries in fair fi eh tine. We
cannot doubt, then, that Lord Palmerston and Lord
John Russell will avow their sympathy with Italif
freedom and a successful caraoaiim. Tbe onlv mefluS
of procuring- a voice in tbe settlement of the Penin
sula is to have been previously an ally with those
who hold the country in their hands. Austria will.
perhaps, in a few months be no more an Italian
Power than Prussia, and our interests in those retrions
-:it v.-: :- r.i , .
will bring us in connection with her more fortunate
rivals. The same instincts, too, which made us op
posed to France when she appeared to be seeking war
may make us opposed to Austria when she aDDears
to be persisting in it. It is for the advantage of tbe
world that tbe last great trial to which nations resort
should, like other trials, be as short as possible. The
British Government may thinlc that the retreat of
General Gyulai from tbe banks of the Sesia.he re
pulse at Montebello, and the decided defeats at Pales
tra and Magenta are sufficient indications that the
Austrians are inferior to their antagonists, and that
they ought to acquiesce in the decision of fortune,
and give the world peace by retiring from Italy. If,
indeed, it be made evident that they must some day
leave tbe country, the sooner tbev can ba mada ta
leave it tbe better."
Postmaster-Geskral. There have beea no less
than fourteen or fifteen applications for the omce, and
although rumors have been current during the week
that the appointment has been made, yet we are as
sured by the highest authority that such is"v the
case, and that the appointment can only fc. Jwn
after the return of advices from the King probably
early next week.
The Civil CoDE.-On our fourth page will be
found the continuation of this law, embracing in this
week's issue the following subjects, under the general .
head of Internal Improvements: Highways and
Bridges; Harbors, Buoys, Wharves and Water-works;
Markets; Prisons; Pounds, Estrays, Brands, &c;
Agriculture and Manufactures ; Police ; Publio Health ,
Mail or July 20th. This mail may be looked
for about the 28th to 80th, by the schooner Astoria
elmper 8hip E. F. WilleU, the latter being ex-
toad guano at Jarvis Island.
job.' tbe Steam kb. So me one ugsests the
.ince as an appropriate name for the steamer, '
" built r. t or Qnetn Emm would no
NOTES OP THE WEEK.
Tub "Okestkb" Mubkea Case. There was quite
an excitement about the town on Sunday last, occa
sioned by the report that a seaman of the bark Ores
frs, had been killed by the Captain of that vessel.
Tho case being one of much interest, we have pro
'sed from the records of the Police Court, the follow
ing abstract of the examination : Capt. Thomas
Mason, master of the bark Orestes, charged with the
murder of Joseph Watson, one of rnecrew of that
vessel, was brought before Judge Davis of the Police
Court on Monday, the 22d instant, but owing to tho
illness of Mr. Blair, who was to have acted for the
defendant, it was postponed to Tuesday. On Tues
day morning, Mr. Blair continuing unwell, Mr. Lee
acted as counsel for the prisoner and the case was
examined. Mr. Bates, District Attorney, acted in be
half of the crown.
Mr. Thomas Fitzgerald, 2d mate of the Orestes, was
the first witness called. Mr. Fitzgerald testified in
substance that he was one of the party sailing in the
boat on Sunday afternoon. When outside the harbor,
a mile and a half to windward of the outer buoy,
pretty close in to the breakers, the Captain, (who
had had an altercation with Watson before, at Jhe
time vjf the surveyors visit) began to bandy words
with Watson. He asked him if he would go to Mel
bourne in the boat with him, and on Watson's reply
ing in the negative, declared that he would make
him go in the ship. Watson answered that ho would
go in neither boat nor ship. The Captain then said
he had read a tract about Poor Joe," and Watsou
remarked that perhaps he meant Poor Joe" on
board tbe Orestes, living on bread and water. The
Captain told him to give bitn no more insolence, and
on Joe's replying that he was not insolent, he seized
the tiller, (a heavy oak stick, perhaps two inches
in diameter) and struck him on the left shoulder;
second blow waa warded off bv witness, and the
third blow struck Watson on the rieht shoulder, and
Watson who had been bailing, sprang up, and ex
claiming, Capt Mason you must not kill me in the
boat," leaped over tbe side, as if to seize the boom
some three or four feet from the quarter. He missed
the boom snd fell overboard, and though the Captain
endeavored to approach and save him, their efforts
were ineffectual, owing to the unwieldiness of the
boat and the want of rowlocks. Watson sustained
himself above water some eight or nine minutes, and
finally sank for the third time to rise no more. When
he sank, the boat was perhaps 80 fathoms distant.
Watson was a quiet man. lie was a deck hand,
working his passage. Witness had never known him
to be insolent to the Captain, except on one occasion,
when he was in irons in this port.
Wm. Lamb, a seaman, testified substantially to the
same facts as were testified by Fitzgerald. He stated
that tbe Captain preceded the first blow with the
words, U n your soul, I'll knock you down with
this tiller if you give me any more of your insolenes"
According to Lamb's account, it was the third blow
which Fitzgerald warded off, both first and second
blows having struck the man. Previous to the at
tack, Watson paid to the Captain, You dare not" J
Mr. Clements, representative of the owners of the
Orestes, testified to some slight discrepancies between
the accounts of the two previous witnesses in the
court room, and tbe accounts which they had given
to him on board. Tbe discrepancies, however, were
trifling. He said that Watson had been insolent at
times to Capt. Mason, and he had always appeared
on board to be an unhappy and melancholy man.
Judge Davis ordered that the prisoner be commit
ted to trial for murder in the first degree, before a
jury, at the ensuing term of the Supreme Court. A
subsequent motion by Mr. Montgomery, before the
Chief Justice in Chambers, that the prisoner be ad
mitted to bail, was negatived, on tbe ground that bail
could not be taken for a person charged as in the
present case, with a capital offense.
In connection with this case, we would state that
the Hawaiian law recognizes two degrees of murder
and one of manslaughter. Under the charge of mur
der of the first degree, a jury can find the prisoner
guilty of either of the inferior degrees. The general
principle of law on which the charge i s founded in
the present case is embraced in the following two
lines from Russell on crimes :" Forcing a person
to do an act which is likely to produce his death and
which does produce it, Is niurder."
Brass Thumpets, Terrapins and Arithmetics.
It seems a pity that we haven't some artist resident
among us, to "take off" the Polynesian occasionally.
A cute artist would represent a three legged terrapin,
blind in one eye, running a race with a locomotive,
and blowing a split brass trumpet. Tbe above de
sign isuggested by reading the following in tbe last
issue of the government organ :
" We modestly leave it to others to suggest that possibly the
Polyntfian, uwier our management, is the ablest edited, the
nest commercial and the truest journal of the two."
The publio have a faint recollection of a little brag
ging sheet issued in Honolulu once on a time called
the ,'e w Era and Jlrgus, which caved in "under our
management," and of another soi di&ant "literary"
ephemeral which met the same fate "under ocr
management." To brng of what "we" can do with
the public money is iudeed very "modest," while the
publio remember well what "we" didn't do without
its help, under similar circumstances.- But for
"modesty's" sake, with a corps of two editors, one
marine" and one "commercial" reporter and half a
dozen regular "snappers-up," all feeding at the pub
lic crib, like hungry cormorants, don't make up half
your columns with a rehash of what appears in the
Adv.rliter from' week toweek, without "modestly"
giving credit for what you take.
Wanted ! A Colhurn's Arithmetic or a Multiplication Table
for the uso of the Advertiser. 3.700 taels of opium, at 1 1-3
ounce to 1 tael, make 4033 1-3 ounces and not 6,!00 ounces.
Perhaps that Is a misprint; or there are mora than one tael in
the world '.Polynetian.
For heaven's sake, when you try to trip up the
Commercial in its bluuders, don't make worse ones
yourselves, with all the above editoriahtnd "snapper-
up" corps looking or don't. "3,700 taels of
opium, at 1 ounce to 1 tael, make" 4983 ounces
and not 4032), aa the Polynesian affirms. " Per
haps that is a misprint; or there are more than one
tael in the world ?" Figures will tell more than one
tale" sometimes, we know. The spare copy of the
"Arithmetic wanted," if left with the Polynesian
corps, will no doubt be highly prized and often refer
red to in future attempt to make it "the truest jour
nal of the two." Perhaps that will do for this week.
Try again, gentlemen "ob de goose quill."
Almost a Sell. Sail-ho ! a whaleship telegraph
ed and the beach for a while resembled a swarming
hive, every one alive to hear the first news from the
fleet. Boats were too few to accommodate all, and
tbe steam tug was crowded with spectators eager to
see and hear the news. In the hurry, the quarter of
beef, which of old used to be sent as a welcome to
the first ship returning from the North, was forgotten.
The vessel proved to be the bark Franklin, a sperm
whaler, from the 'off shore ground" via Margarita
Bay. Her report will be found in its appropriate
AjtoruEB Coaster. We learn that Mr. Baxter.
Armstrong has purchased In San Francisco a fine lit
tle schooner of some 75 or 80 tons burthen, called the
Astoria, to ran as a coaster between the islands.
He expected to have bis vessel ready to sail on the
arrival of the mail steamer, on the 14th inst, and
Will probably bring our next mail. The sum paid
for the schooner is said to be $5,000.
Our Califorkia Correspokdexce. In another
column will be found an interesting letter from our
San Francisco correspondent Nuuasu." We have
made arrangements by which we hope to receive by
each regular packet a letter from him, giving an,
epitome of the local o-ws in that quarter.
Watering the Streets. The occasional showers
which visit us in these hot days, are not sufficient to
lay the dust ; and those few of our citizens who
sprinkle the street in front of their stores, deserve the
thanks of the community.
The First Whaler.' Just as wo are ready for
the press, tbe arrival of the Tahmaroo from the
Kodiack at Liiriin is announced. Her report Trill
be found in a.ther column. f5
L7V7 lc ra that Pr-ident E. O. Eeckwt'N f
Punai Colics, will tis by ti. t
Ztvor. portuity, around the Corn.--' .
Ah Excitino Bathmbq Scene. Waikiki "has an
sweml the purpose of a Newport this season for our
Honolulu people surpassing Newport, however, in
one respect, faoility of acoess. The residents of Hono
lulu may enjoy all the pleasures of sea bathing and
beach wandering there in the daytime and evening.
With its oocoanut groves and its beautiful sand beach,
Waikiki is decidedly the watering place of the islands.
The residents at the beach had the pleasure of wit
nessing a curious, and to many of them a novel dis
play last week. The heavy rain, so unusual at this
season, which refreshed our gardens and fields early
last week, swelled the little streams that sink into the
sands just before reaching the sea, until they burst
their way through all obstacles and rushed, roaring
and foaming, to meet the ocean surf. The large fresh
water basin near the house which Mr. Gregg recently
occupied, increased until the water attained the level
of tha aand bar.' and then, beginning by forming a
narrow channel through the yielding material, the
flood soon tore away the bank, and made for itself a
wide and deep channel to the sea, and in half an hour
the whole basin was empty. As the waters went
leaping and tumbling through their new channel, the
natives of the neighborhood and their name is
legion amused themselves by plunging in above the
rapids and floating down, men, women and children,
sometimes above and sometimes beneath the surface,
through the new made flume. It was curious to see
the black heads bob up through the foam; and vanish
to re-appear again, an instant after, far down below.
Now a cluster of backs, legs and arms, protruding for
a second above the water, showed where a group of
amphibious islanders were enjoying themselves; and
the next moment they would all appear away outside
. . .. ,
among the heavy surf rollers that the Boutneny wiuu
brought in, and shaking their heads like water dogs.
would make for the shore and repeat the programme
of the hour. They Beemed to enjoy the sport Highly i
and to lookersQn as well as actors, it was a most
Kona, Hawaii. The new church for the foYeign
residents of Kona, towards the expense of which a
subscription was raised in this city and elsewhere a
few months since, is now rapidly advancing towards
completion! The outside carpenter work is about
The hive of bees which, under the auspices of
the Royal Hawaiian Agricultural Society, was sent
to Kona upwards of a year since, has throve wonder
fully. Its increase comprises now no less than twelve
hives, all of which are doing well besides two or
three swarms which have succeeded in escaping to
the woods. But little honey has been gathered as
yet attention having been chiefly directed to the in
crease of the bees. The various hives now contain
probably four or five hundred pounds. The honey
which has been collected was of tbe best quality, and
judging from present appearances, there is no reason
why, in the course of another year or two, this deli
cious accessory should not be on every man's table,
at a cost Cf not more than twenty-five cents a pound.
Some of the solid men of Kona are embarking
In the business of raising foreign potatoes for ship
ping. Tbe high land near the edge of the woods at
a distance of three or four miles back from the shore,
is said to be well adapted for the growth of this vala
We are sorry to hear the report confirmed that
the coffee blight continues general, and that coffee
growers are getting.discouraged.
Fast Biding. His Majesty the King is an affec
tionate father and a good horseman. A few nights
since, under the powerful impulse of parental solic
itude, he performed one of the most remarkable feats
of riding, perhaps' the most remarkable, ever accom
plished in these islands. While on a pleasure excur
sion, passing the nigh't at an encampment on the sum
mit of Mount Haleakala, on Maui, he was aroused
from sleep at midnight, by a messenger from Wai
luku, bringing information that the young Prince of
Hawaii, who had remained at that place, had been
suddenly taken ill. His Majesty immediately order
ed horses to be saddled, and in company with two
of his suite, Dr McKibbin a nd Mr. Jesse Crownings-
burg, started down the mountain, by moonlight, for
Wailuku and arrived there, a distance of about thirty
miles, in the short space of three hours and ten min
utes. Dr. McKibbin came in second, about twenty
minutes after. Considering the nature of the road,
half the distance being the descent of a mountain ten
thousand feet in height, over rocks and clinkers and
break-neck gullies, this is one of the most remarka
ble feats of horsemanship on record. The remainder
of the party were three hours and three quarters in
reaching Makawao, a distance of sixteen miles only
and thought they had made very quick time. We
are happy to state that the illness of the young Prince
did not prove a serious affair.
The Hospital. This institution has commenced
its quiet work of relieving natives suffering under
various mUd'.es. There are nine patients now in
the hospital, and several have already been sent away
cured. Nearly every morning a crowd of twenty to
thirty flock to the dispensary to procure medicines
This latter department has been fitted up from the
office of the late Dr. Rooke, the medicines, containers
and surgical instruments being a donation from the
young Priuce of Hawaii A number of surgical
operations requiring great skill have already been
performed. The institution, although limited in its
sphere, is destined to be a great blessing to the Hawaii
Historical Coincident. It is worthy of remark;
that the names of the great crowned actors in the
European scenes- of 1810, are almost reproduced in
tbf)uccessors in 18.r9 : .
Fred. William IV.
Vic. Emmanuel II.
France,. . .
Russia.. . .
Austria,. . .
JVaples,.. . ,
. Fred. William I.
. Francis I.
.Vic. Emmanuel I.
. Ferdinand I.
George V. English
Prince, King of Hanover.
We find the above in the Mineur, a French pa
per edited by Dr. Frick, in San Francisco.
Gas Uompast Stock. We have seen one of the
blank certificates of stock prepared for the company.
It was executed by Britton & Co , lithographers in
San Francisco. Each share will represent $100.
As soon as the company have their arrangements
completed, and are in successful operation, the stock
will be offered for sale. In San Francisco, and in
deed in most other cities, gas stock is considered the
safest and best paying investment to be had.
Apples. We are indebted to Mr. H. Mclntyre for a
couple of fine greening apples, picked from a tree grow
ing on his premises in Nuuanu, which has borne about
a dozen. It is refreshing to see these remembrancers
of home growing here, though we are not yet satis
fied that the apple will ever become indigenous to our
soil and climate.
Aloes. The American aloes in Nuuauu Valley are
commencing to shoot up their tall spiral blossom
stalks. x They can be seen on each side of the road
from Dr. Judd's up beyond the King's country-seat
At the entrance of the Agricultural Society's Oar-
den's are some fifteen plants in blossom, making a
E7" We are indebted to C. W. Brooks, Esq.. of
San Francisco, for a Market Report prepared express
ly for the Palmer, which is one of the most concise
and appropriate issues we have ever seen. Our
thanks are also due as usual to Capt Paty, Messrs.
McRuer & Merrill and J. W. Sullivan for special fa
vors in the news line.
The Taxes. We refer readers to the notice of the
tax assessors, in another column. The svstem there
laid down, as a guide for assessments, is evidently
just, and probably as equitable as any which can be
f Cuakgcd Flags The bark C. Melchers, Sen.,
has taken the Hawaiian flag, and changed her name
to Malolo, (Flying-fish.) Should the European war
continue, probably othsr vessels will come under our
ST The brig Josephine rilM t br Jarvi-.nA
Baker's Island, .n, n p vMi A -,.
Ff i .the ra5 ef company at the
island. ,Tt v U' rll l tZz.-jt'tX
Trrnia Hard. The California people bouiJ
to get up a Volcano if the thing is possible; and if
patient and unceasing talking can accomplish r V
we think, they'll do it. The editor of, ths
Barbara Gazette says, that on the 17th of Juns, the
inhabitants of Slnta Barbara and Los Angeles were
visited by a sirocco a blast of air so burning that
no human being could remain exposed to its heat.
Trees were blasted, fruits were roaeted on the tree
before they fell to the ground, and calves, rabbits
and birds died. During the prevalence of the wind,
the air was filled with clouds of fine dart, or pulver
ized clay. Our sagacious friend concludes his de
scription with the remark that ia hia belief, there has
been a voltanic eruption in the southern portion of
the state. AU the California editors are monomaniacs
on the volcano subject, and we suspect that in addi
tion to this little failing, the editor of the Gazette is
somewhat of a romancer. If in the course of a year
or so, they haven't found the volcano, we advise them
to come down and take a peep at Mauna Loa. -We've
got a volcano here that can be found 1 And if they're
not afraid, perhaps well show them a little eruption.
Dashawat Association. The interest in this
Society appears to continue. Mr. Henry Sea ad
dressed a highly pleased audience on last Saturday
evening at the Vestry of the BetheL The next lec
ture is to be delivered on the evening of the Saturday
after next at the same place, by Mr. G. B. C. Ingra
bara. The Society we understand has engaged the
Vestry, which is to be put in repair for the term of
six months, for the purpose of holding meetings, etc.
Mr. N. L. Ingols was elected vice irresiaeni, u jue
of Mr. A. J. McDuffee.
Wheat. The Kamoi which arrived here from
Lahaina on Sunday morning last, brought down
eighteen hundred bushels of Maui wheat. A corres
pondent of the Polynesian says that the crop of wheat
on the island of Maui will amount to twenty-five
thousand bushels. A gentleman from the wheat dis
trict informs us that the amount which will be for
grinding will not, however, exceed twenty thousand
Appointments. The Board of Health have ap
pointed Doctor R, McKibbin, Sr., E. Hoffmann and
S. P. Ford, as a " committee or examiners to prove
the qualifications of applicants for physicians' licenses.
Correspondence Pac. Commercial Advertiser.
Letter fraus Sasa Fraaciaca.
The Election Horace Greeley in California
Emigration Expected The A I made n Case
Robbery of Freeman $ Co' Express Quick
Trip of the " Golden Age" Overland Mail
Trans-Continental TelegraphSonora Victo
ria. Sam Francisco, August 6, 1859. '
Mr. Editor : As the election season approaches,
the contest among the various political aspirants
grows warmer every day. It is dimcult, at present,
to predict what the issue will be. Some startling
disclosures have been made, amid the heat of party
strife, in regard to the way in which things are man
aged behind the scenes." . Owin publicly asserts
that Broderiok is " dripping with corruption," and
that the money to pay his last electioneering expenses
came out of the San Francisco Treasury! Broderick,
in turn, accuses Gwin of being the paid agent of tbe
Pacific Mail Steamship Company in the United States
Senate. Deliver me from my friends," should be
the constant prayer of every politician.
Mr. Gwin is exercising all his influence against the
election of his former friend, Mr. Latham, to the
gubernatorial chair, and charges him with attempt
ing, on one occasion, to bribe a Judge of the Supreme
Court of this State. Thus crimination and recrimin
ation is the order of the day. If half the statements
that have been made on all sides are true, our politi
cians are rather a " hard crowd." General Denver,
ex-Governor of Kansas, is no longer heard of in con
nection with the coming election, as his friends' have
sacrificed him on the altar of expediency.
Horace Greeley is in California. Everywhere he
is received with public demonstrations of regard,
not as a politician, but as an upright, fearless, noble
man. Approaching Sacramento, he was met at
Folsom by a large deputation of citizens, and con
ducted by them into the city. On the evening after
his arrival he made a very neat speech in Rev. Mr.
Benton's church, in which he expressed his faith in
the high destiny of California. Mr. Greeley has gone
on a tour through the northern mines, aer which he
will visit this city. Preparations are being made to
give him a publio reception.
A large tide of emigration is expected to pour in
during the next few months. Mr. Greeley estimates
the number of emigrants now on the way via Salt
Lake alone, at thirty thousand. Add to this the
numbers on the way by the other routes, and they
will make quite a respectable addition to our popula
tion. The celebrated case of the United States vs. Andres
Castellero, is still pending before the United States
District Court This suit is brought to gain posses
sion of the renowned "Almaden Quicksilver Mine,"
and the amount at stake is immense. It bids fair to
be prolonged two or three years more.
Freeman & Co's Express was robbed a few nights
ago of a bag containing $10,000 in treasure, under
the following circumstances : The robber had a bag
made exactly like the treasure bags of Freeman &
Co., and filling it with shot and old iron, fast
ened it as the express bags are fastened. While
the express matter was being conveyed from the Sac
ramento boat to the wagon on the wharf, one of the
bags was abstracted, and the bogus bag placed in its
stead. The affair was managed very adroitly, and
the robbery was not discovered until the bags were
opened at the express office. James Mulhare and
John Conner have been arrested on suspicion of being
tbe perpetrators of the robbery. Conner has been
identified by the saddler who made the bag for him.
Possecgers by the Golden Age on her last trin to
Panama, connecting with the Moses Taylor on the
other side, went through to New York in nineteen
days and twenty hours the quickest time on record.
The Pacific Mail'Steatnship Company have purchased
the Collins steamers in New York, and intend to run
them between that port and Aspinwall, in place of
the steamers of the United States Mail Steamship
Company. It is thought that when tbe lines on both
sides are under the management of one Company, the
ume can oe materially reduced.
The number of letters received and sent out bv the
overland mail is steadily on the increase. The last
man too it out over GUOO through letters. The treat
advantage of the overland mail consists not so much
in tbe accommodation afforded by semi-weekly com-
municsuon wun tne tast although that is consid
erable as in the influence it will have inopeninir un
a good road for emigrants to this coast
The San Francisco and Eastern Telegraph Com
pany have completed their line as far as Gilrov. 80
miles beyond San Jose. Thence it is to be continued
to Monterey and Los Angeles. It will be some time
yet before we are placed in telegraphic communica
tion with St Louis. The President of the Company has
appealed to the citizens of San Francisco to aid iu
this great enterprise.
We do not hear much about the annexation of
Sonora now-a-days. Quite a number of adventurers
are there already, many of them from this State,
waiting for the auspicious day to dawn. Some have
invested largely in -Veal estate at Ouaymas, in antici
pation of a rush thither. It would not be surnrisinir.
if the cry of gold should be raised, in order to induce
emigration to that place.
There is no newsof importance from British Colum-
Your correspondent visited Victoria. V. L. re
cently. Everything seemed to be at a nerfect stand.
s. The only accessions to the minine rona-
lation are Chinese, who can work to better ad vantage
man wniwmen, as they live cheaper. Victoria is
quite sn extensive town, well laid out, and having a
permanent appearance. The capital of British
Columbia is to be'on the main land, on a site already
1 aJ -Ma - .
selected, called New Westminister.
A number of tea plants some thirty or fortv
haVA I--on tn, wwIai4 i sf- ! Am a
V ST. ltm7 , C?'
is inauourisnus'cocs.rr . a
two icl. .UU Hvtfr V-f ' '
uivuvhiiii wh ot uooolalu PL
eently removed to more comm()diout,,,X
increased their facilities for basin ,,Wtf-.
taken a high position among the ' jH'
city, and enjoys the enviable repj!. "r
business "on she square."
4 Nothing further has reached oa In
crew of the ship Fleetwood, wrecked s k
Another overland mail arrived ye
days later news from the East. &
Capt. Jahsi Paty
Honolulu. a "L
Ms. Editor: Having occasion ttZS'K
. -tulT a .
Palmer, Capt J. Paty, and returned hTZ
sel, and I feel it no less a duty than n
testimony to the good appointments of
passengers, and the sterling qualities.
n aader. For more than tweuty.twa
known Capt Paty by report, as an '
sailing from this port, but it has neer Lrf
my privilege to sail with him. My ptno
now has confirmed (in my estimation)
his reported ability as an officer, and 1 1
to believe that every passenger, office,
would unite with me in this testimony. 15 V
sel's duties were performed with the renuS
quiet of clock work, without bluster or bT;
. "via i
the proprietors of this line are running a, 1
as the Palmer and the Yankee, with
Capt Paty, they deserve, and I trust
both the thanks and the patronage of the
Mb, Editor : That was aa excellent 1
your last Issue entitled, "Things by tkeTt
Kmrmm an1 who Mali Sn T .. . . 9
, "-" - -v wiurm in the las
graph was to the point I do not lappo- .k. )
can be done by way of reform in to tatH ,jl
plary a place as Honolulu. But as our ehiaaj
famous for having a hand in ev 1
J you a
whet ber it be a Hospital, or DasUvar t&J
l wouia respecuuuy suggest that aome of
merchants reorganize their yard mtaturtt,
a few inches thereto. It is a small thing t j,
but many great and noble enterprue,
from small beginnings. Bauti
Farther Detail af tho War. , (
By the arrival of the Frances Palmer
New York dates, via the overland mafl,t j,3
July, and Liverpool dates to tbe 2d.
The Battle or the Mi.vcio. The ttnA
count of the great battle substantially tfcJ
the Austrian account gives the following
The French account of the battle in the Jfj)
thus describes the battle : At 5 o'clock in tWa,'
ing, tbe first corps, under Marshal d'Hillienk1
the en gagmen t before Solferino, and thehrirW
village were occupied after a sanpiititrj
During this time the second corps (Martial
hon's.) which was on the right of the Into?
. . , . i i 2 l m . . , . '
tne piain, exieuuru iiacu iu me nffnitoVn
column oi niarsnai xnei, which was mrciuii
Leaon. ine emperor naa lateen coron
whole army. His Majesty caused the btusn
artillery of the guard to advance and plww
selves between the first and second corps ujj
San Cnssiano. Then, in order to reinforce tits
of McMahon's command, which was a little era;
in consequence of the distance which sppvusU
and the troops of General Niel, bis MyerTiff
the eavalry 'the guard and two divisioMofBa
of the 1st and 8d corps op. lanmbertU i
charged to watch the movements of the Aw
expected on the side of Mantua. Durinjr the
day they fought, advancing slowly, bat W
good order, the corps joining up towards evkci
rri - . . u : : e i .
lOf nrjl corps, nuer laaiu); pusoraaiuii vi a r
seized all the positions, one after the other, it f,
lenga. Night alone stopped their career. Tbe
seized San Cassiano and Cavnana without!
time. The last village was carried with pat
under the eyes of the Emperor, who himself
the fire of the artillery.
The 4th corps, under Marshal Niel, tdruai
by step, always gaining ground. There ran
when, to cover the retreat, the Austnanimaki
perate effort to place themselves between the 44
2d corps, and a fierce struggle ensued. Tbe itx
and artillery took part in the conflict, and rr
airy, by several charges, decided the enecet.
day. This was the last act of the battle, ir
Austrians began to retreat the whole line. Tin
treat was favored by a dreadful storm, whiefcar
for more than an hour. Tbe thunder, bail asdt
produced such an effect that nothing could
tinguished on the field of battle. W'hep thttsi
improved the enemy had disappeared, and ths is
tion they took was perceived when the eolnnai!
attained some distance. I
The Emperor of Austria, who had lodged a (j
riana, quitted the field at 1 o'clock and Mi
wards Goito. Napoleon was in some degree
to himself. He was seen everywhere, direct::?'
battle, and every one around trembled at tbe d
which unceasingly threatened him. HealooeM
ed ignorant of them. j
The Mon iteur also contains the following d.
bulletin : J
Battle or Solferino, (Mikcio.) TbeentirtK
of the enemy amounted to from 250,000 to 2X'
men. The new artillery produced a terribl fc
Its discharges reached the enemy at t dios
whence their guns could not reply, and eowslj
Dlain with their dead. The loss of the FrenekiM
officers placed hors de xombat, including Ur
and 12,000 privates killed and wounded .
the kilted are seven colonels and six imi
colonels. Among the wounded are fite geofnk
Vntwva. Jnlv 1. Anstrian corresnondeoct I
that tbe loss at the battle on the 14th June.tekj
has been ascertained, is 15,000 killed tnl I
wounded. Further information will be pubruWI
Verona, July 1. Since tbe 24th of Jao.
have been merely unimportant skinnihHbttM
At Paris it was believed in some qaartfri M
French loss at the battle of Solferiuo amontt
from 10,000 to 18,000 men, as follows : Gea'
ocrps, 6,000 to 7,000 ; d'Hillier's nearly 6.WM
Mahon's, 2,500 ; Canrobert's 1,000 ; besides
ties In the artillerv and sDecial corps. Th I
people were said to be dissatisfied with the ku&
f li snt a T T ma fnl nil
va a, iai utuilio SJ j v-s, va who" -a - f.
The Port says that Napoleon had a P
shot away. Gen. Dein was reported amont
The Austrians had seven or eight OenerlK
many of their snperior officers wounded.
Greschke was killed. The Piedmontese
severely as to be incapable of formisg in th
battle. ' r
The Vienna correspondent of the Londas i
writing on 28th June, says that some !
elapse before the complete returns of the los ,
Austrians could be received. J
Twenty thousand corpses are said .t0at
buried, and many men are yet lying is the
and corn fields. ,
It was reported that at Solferino nnnjrvj
cer and man of the artillery attached to the 1P
Guard was put hors de coikbat. J
Paris, Saturday, July 2. The Monitor e ,
the following telegram from the Emperor to t
artaaa . i !
Vslegio, July l.Tbe whole army bas
Mincio. The Sardinians have invested
The reinforcements which I be received, y
rival of 85,000 men under Prince hP.
enabled me to approach Verona without 0'
ing myself in any way. as I have eft fT!!i
-. n:. a. -v ii..... -nJ am aooui
semble another at Brescia to watch the p
The Sardinians, under the command
Eramanual, have invested Peschiera, their t j
tending from Lago de Garda to the M'001:
Enormous masses of French sol Hers IBV:
into Piedmont, via Nice and Mount Cent. , 4
It is said that the Austrian monarch
re-crossing cf the Mincio, in opposition to t , ,
of Gen. Hess. .hi
Italian regiments in tbe Austrian army Vw
come very difficult to manage. Them"1 j
scores and fifties. ,-
, n. n..;H.i: t... .ini nrders to wt--
saa. vans iicatVAS uno icwucu v" fm f
upper Valteline, and was expected at To
2,000 men, and where 600 Piedmontese W ,
arrived. , .
' The Swiss Federal Council has decided,
srith tha rx.lliaoror.ea that anv anldier Bee"1 .
on Swiss territory shall be sent back totbe" "T,t
tneir uovernments engaging not io
tbe present war. The earrison of IT t0;,(
soldiers of Garibaldi's corps will consequent;
The Deonle of Milan have made threw"
testations against the Jesuits, whom P,, v
accuse of keeping up a secret correspbsa
Aufrtrta. . , , ...a';
Tk. i: i vr:.. mnfiuenuj "rj'
wiim uu u uv ,,,,... oralis, I
negotiations having been opened bj
England and Russia, for the purpose of i)
If possible, basis for eomb!-eJ mediation. ,
The French are makrn- .amense JL i
teas in tie Ai-," t b"!
caormozs t ;
' iral T-ri
" "7 1-
r - 't
jrd tier new. - f
i t-tlei orders. -
to r x i: Z::-,Z " A t
1 L V )