Newspaper Page Text
.. - - -JU
IS that MnLt ha xtmnnt tn
fc-CseiainctbsSvr Ire-Crane Pieces at the ntkhI
1 vkick 1st fccca the sahfcct of aa snach diseiuafcan
fantebea i the tact She Ukm coin mt coatmasd
if!frfff tnt.bf export. Durinf; the last week or
' active demand fur them. crlndnsJlv for
, sod at least $-UO0 hare bm shipped is
" rtpiiacant bet ta, that American halves
IfnmrUrs are offes relative value than tb ?rrneh coins.
i Md U uckufi for tbsns. for tola ex.
tie Irenes pieces are worth tww per cent. aaore
i the new Aiaerieao coins. We trust that these facts wul
PtbafbtCafaliaiat kas bus said la the government
' aa against lb Frencti Coins, and moatcertain!r over-
tam ma lh arpaaaeau advanced bjr that presuming- jurJ aa
the sanjee of ear msanuinhig in circulation coins of only a ficti
tiaa vatoe. r.
Tie reports which ire (is this week of new arrivals of
' wfcejsta essbrsjc aearlv all that ar expected this feu. . twoe
' Srw, however, are anxioMly Iarked far ; amoac them the Faith,
fsmmn, That. Dichmson, Dtlatcare, fTailita and Amoor.
. Orr list on the foarth pje raibrao-s 221 whal-rs. The srrt
va!a sad catchings lb as tar are at follows :
' Ships. Total OiL
MB Aeic and Ksdtechv SI 23.775 bbls.
Frora Ochtx.. lS 61,30 bbls.
Jwgpstiu-wbalstroopds.... 4 M10 btri.
Xa average fcr the entire northern leet this seasoi
sMj mat exceed 420 bbls- Last teasoa tt was 0 JO bbls.
The reports received from the United State by the last mail
I M psco were very favorable. Aa Increased and
desaarid for the Pacific raanos was reported, and large
had brest made at $30 per ton. Wkh this, as with the ln-
tred action ef every new article, time alone is wanted to test its
atfflty aad bring U lata rvoeral oac Oar report of the charter
f las .ft sis Mrndlt aavina; been caotradictad la the gorern
saaal ergaa, we woald state that she has been chartered at
f 10 2a (the Scare named last wrek). The amount of her too-
, however, was given la that connection by mistake.
i aMp A sweatee, of Warren, recently from a whalinf
i at the aorta, has been sold for the gaaao trade. The
Senas have not transpired, bat are enderstood lobe about $4300,
Tae Teaitrf Jias her cargo engaged, and is only awatUng the
arrival ef Cbe XmJmmm frm Ililo, which read is expected by
Monday. The bark will get away about the 30th. She will be
followed about the ftta ef December by the Wmttlrl, Cape
Swsin, now nearly re iy to take In cargo for San rrancisco.
Bar whaBng gear was soU at auction on Taewlay, and realised
generally very low (run.
Trade has been very brisk during the past week and
aactioa sains, however,' have sot been
Mwem'a Phases al Ilwawlala, la DeccmWr.
Xew Moon, So. 4, S b-, IS 7 m., M
- dy. a. m. I dy. h. m.
rbratQaartar 3 S 36 M. Last Quarter.. Id 10 51 3 M.
Paa Ma ft 4 4va A. ew Mouu 1 7 2X3 A.
tsATKST DATES. reeiveel al thla Oalce.
12 I -
, (papers)..... Sept. IS
Beer Xera. (papers) Oct. ft . Paris. Sept. IS
" tskrrapuie..Oct. ft I liungkoog. -Aojf. 9
Tahiti........ Sept. 3 J Melbourne, Vic Sept ft
Foa Sax Taaacisco- per Yankee, Sov. 30.
Foa Labaixa Per Manuokawsi to-day.
foa Kacsi a r Kxrel, Friday,
foa Irrao per Kalona, Friday or Saturday.
POQT OF II OZJOZ.TJZ.lt. XI. Z.
Tor full rrports of IVhaUrt, see 4th page.
T. ' ARRIVALS.
; SCr. K Am wh ship Maria Theresa, Coop, to Ocbotsk. 70 wh,
909 bone, season ; 470 wh, 10.000 bone, voysge.
17 Am wh ship llarrison, Dennis, from Ochotsk, nothing
IS Am wh ship Bowditch, Mania, from Ocbotsk via La
haina,S60wh, 100 bone, season; 60 sp, 2600
' -tb, 34.000 booe, voyaee. V
lft Am sea Tuetndo, Keller, 3b days from Pott Townsend,
- wttsi ksnttier to 11- H-icklrai. v
- 1ft Am wh ship Euphrates. Heath, fm Ochotsk, 460 wh.
000 bone, season j 60 sp, 1260 wh, 18,000 bone,
- - vryare.
' lft ftasaian brie; Coostantine, Llndbolm, from Ocbotsk,
6C0 wh, 6000 booe.
. 13 gassiaa wh bark Orafer Berg, Enberr, frcm Ocbotsk,
- . 600 wh, OOOO bone, season ; 700 wh, 7000 bone,
lft Haw wh brur Victoria. Fish, to cruise. . . .
2t) Am wb hark J. D. Thompson, CliObrd, from Ocbotsk,
Oft wb, 12.000 bone,
ftl Seh Ksnii, WUhur. frtaa Lahaina.
MoikeiU, Wetherby, from Maul, with native
23 Sch Maaaokawai. Beck ley, from lahaina.
14 Bch Exeet, from Kaoai.
2d Sch Kaluna, from HUo.
New.' 17 Am wh bark Gratitude, Daris, to cruise.
17 ftrh Komi Ana. (or Kooa.
17 fch Moikciki, Wetherby, for Kahnlai. .
17 ck Maria. Molteao, for lahaina.
lft Am wb bark Lark, Perkins, to cruise aad home,
lft Am wh bark Martha 2d. Daly, to cruise.
- IS Am wh ship George A Susan, Jones, to cruise,
lft Am wh bara Midas, Tuttk, to cruise,
lft Haw wh brig Kobola, Corsen, to cruise,
lft 31 U bk Sapotcon, Clark, for CaUao.
31 French wh ship Wimuow. Cunperi, to cruise.
SI French wb ship Jasnct. II ache, to cruise.
21 Am wh ship Cincinnati, Williams, to cruise and home.
21 Ant wh ship Mary. Brork, to cruise.
21 Am wh bark For nne, Conastnck, to sruise.
U Am wh ship Washington, Purrnctoo, to cruise.
Ti Bch lienry. McGreftnr, for Kawaibae.
2ft Uaw sch Uhouho, Kannahl. for llilo.
, ?, , IEMORAXDA.
Ship JFaria Tiererrt, Coof Uat cruised In the Ocbotsk, with
aUr weel r. bet fbey darins; tae nrst part of the season. Saw
plenty of tea, bat eery lew whales, and thus shy. Took the
2rst whale let of May.aad last on 10th of August. Left the
whaling ground tth Octehcr,aad came through the 60th passage
a the 12ta, wUk good weather. la bi. 44 bad a heavy
gala from 3t .W bnteussmeacins; at S-C, which lasted 24 honrs ;
toe a main topsail ( after that had good winds and fine weather
' the remainder of the passage.
Ship f ewdttel, MVsrtin stsports having cruised in the
Ochotsk- Bad very bad weather be September ; saw great
' lasnllfist ef ice, and whales were scare and very wild. Took
the frm whale 7th Jane, and tb but on 13th Sept. Left the
' waaSng ground 2J October, with pleaant weather -II the pas.
sage down td rJocorala. 1
Schswacv 7sowsl, KcDer lias Jiad rough weather all the
paeaage down ta UtU!u. '
Ihip fapArafea, Death Has cruised la the Ocbotsk and
Phstwar Bay. with pleasant weather the first part ef the season.
Vat stermy in the latter part ; met plenty cf ice off shore ; saw
very few whaies. Took the first on the 16th July, and last on
Tik BwpV. Left Ocbotsk City Ilth October, and came through
the 60th past re on tto lath, with floe weather. In Ut. 4S
Beat the meridian, had very heavy weather, after that had
taa weather to Hoaolaht.
' sTooelsn brig Grteer Berg, Eobrrg Cruised in the Ochotsk,
' with tarn weather aa the tisae ; saw plenty of whales, but too
wOd la catch. Left the whaling ground 30th October bad
r srwster'y breeaea and fine weather all the way down to
! J- D. Tsvsi, Cnffwd Has cruised In the Ochotsk,
with bad weather all the season saw great number of whales in
AW. Bay. bnt ttte weather was too rough to lower. Took the first
whale 1T5 July, and last wa 10th October. Left the whaling
feoad October, and came tbroagh the SOtb passage 1st of
Jfsw. Joat aefore arriving there, had a very heavy gale, barom
eter ana a to 37 ft t from thence to Honolulu, had fair weather
aad good brat sesj. f ; . ,
TEeU IN PORT SOT.ti.
Am r-k Ts-fre. Lovrtt.
Ilaasw luafolo, Fettfach. , . - ,
Mar' ef tferacn, Coppermsnn. -
Am a uam. lea.- -
Am au. SmItU, ftwasey. loading oil for Xew Bedford. '
Haw. bark Gambia, Brooks.
Am rVw Rau ra, Cato.
Am Wt Bb-rlox, GilKat.
Itanfc Ifl ftlarks, Ingvrmaaa.
Aaa, Jemak Bradiee, Dwnbar. -
Alf "aafsfta, Keller.
Cj -1 h Mary. Walker
Ship Beprbtte, Barer '
Northern light, Austin
Ville de Bennes, Troode
Bark Dromo, Cole
Jireb Swift. Earl
- Pbceoix, Hempstead '
- Covington, Newman
. Harmony, Kelly
Silver Cloud, Coggeshall
- Wavelet. Swain
; Kingftshrr, Parker
Warren, Miller ,
' Fanny. Boodry . f ,
Frances Henrietta, Drew
- A4 aa. Taker V:
' ; Turka, t"dJrsa ' '
- '- Har-t Charry .
- Cj- rerg, EatMrr . -
' J. It. Thompson, CHfiord
tnf Cawali, SchisseUcnnig
' B Const saKar, Liodliofaa
Catv a. If wdinff
I V -at
. Howland, romeny .
AtaC, 1 .
L v rUlaH -ku..
bri fsrweck, J
J mar T
TOTAV U 1
r- wtb lomber
"1 cJi raoiseav
am."' r ., Jr
Mary. . r
Bvat-vl - v
Add-on. Ls ae
tseav Taste, Leasr-'tr
Jor Sa Faavcisco per Architect, ft or. lft Mrs Palmer and
S children, Mrs Reid, Messrs Mellen, Sherman, Applewhite,
Cant. BJackmao.'K'aide, WUlestoai roster, Colt, Dana and Weed.
FOXIT OF LAnAIIJA,
Xer. lft EnUah brig TJeva, Berry, 21 days fm San Francisco,
bound to Australia pot In fur water. -IS
Am wh ship OtheUo. KUlmer, last from HUo, 400 wh,
4000 bone, season ; 840 wh, SOU0 boar, voyage )
800 wh. on board. : '
IS Am wh bark John P. West, Tinker, from Ocbotsk,
' 40 sp, 1360 wh, 12,000 booe.
ti IS Am wh ship Julian. Wlnrgar, from Arctic, 130 wh,:
" 200O bn. st-an ; 60 sp, 130 wh, 2000 bo, Voyafre. '
d9 Am wh ship Reindeer, Ashley, Inst tm 11 iK 9O0 wh,
11.000 bone, sesson ; 30 sp, 4200 wh, 60.000 bone,
voyaxe ; 1000 wh, 10,000 bone, on board.
19 Am wh bark Lsmita, Hathaway, from Ocl otsk, 60 sp,
300 wh, 4000 bone, season 150 sp,17U0 wh, 24,000
Xov. 14 Ship Cambria, Pease, fir coast of South Amerjca.
17 Ilsrk TeiKwlos, Kins;, to cruise and noma.
IT chip Bowditch. Martin, fur UtooIuIu.
17 Ship Marcla, Billings, to cruise South.
17 Merchant brix Dera, Berry, for Australia,
IS -Ship OtheUo, KUlmer, for New Zealand.
18 Ship Reindeer, Ashley, fc cruise and home.
IS Ship Julian, Vinegar, for New Zealand.
On the 16th instant, Josara Ma cos ax, Junr., son of the late
CapC J. Maughan, aged 2S years.
At Lahaina, Xo. 21. Ltdia Kalola, daughter of Jesse
Crowninghcrr, sed S months and 27 days.
On hoard ship Brutus, July 22, Rota, a natire of Tahiti.
On board the Annan, A a mut 18, Data, a native of Oahu.
On the SOtb, Kir 6aXtis, a natire of Guam.
On board the Covington, June 3d, hTXTHCX Silvia. 3d offlcer,
a native of the Asorea.
On board the bark Alice, of coo sumption, August 31, Lewis
Mastisc, a natire ef Guam.
On board the ship AdeUne, 1st of Oct., rJaaar Bobotoxoo, a
native of TabttL
Oo board ship Adeline Gibbs, SepC 11, Mix A, a naUve of
On boar-l the bark Dromo, 12th January, a kanaka named
llasar , a natire of Maui.
The Igislafare ef I860.
This number of our paper will hardly have
reached the remote districta of the islands before
the subject of the general election for Representa
tives of the People in the next Legislature will
become the principal theme of discussion. If
there is any canvassing for the honor", emolu
ments anl responsibilities of the office, it is con
ducted very quietly and with an entire absence of
party warf.ire, of platforms, of principles, and
stump ppeaking, as much so as if the whole peo
ple and government were perfectly unanimous on
every subject, or perfectly indifferent to the de
cision upon any. In political matters, the Ha-"
waiian people are certainly the most quiet, and
in this respect offer a worthy example to older
nation. Not that they are indifferent to the
questions of national polity brought up from
year to year, but they look at them in a more
reasonable way, and with less show of frenzy and
agitation, than is the case in older countries.
Our Constitution provides for but one general
election that of representative to the national
Legislature, which, according to a recent amend
ment of that instrument, sits biennially. This
mode of allowing the people to exercise a voice in
the enactment of the laws which are to govern
them is no doubt a healthful provision, although
its introduction has been viewed as a step in ad
vance of the necessities of a semi-civilized race.
This'might be true, were it not that a foreign ele
ment is incorporating itself into the body politic,
and"increasing in strength each year, and des
tined soon to be the controlling, law-making in
fluence in the nation. The amendment to the Con
stitution , now before the people for approval or re
jection, requiring a property qualification, would,
more than any other measure that could have
been raised, tend to exclude the native race from
the Legislature, and place that body in the exclu
sive hands of foreigners. "Whether this would be
s wise change, time alone can develop.
There are considerations at the present which
should induce every good citizen to take sufficient
interest in our politics to see that his district is
well represented, or, if necessary, make him will
ing to sacrifice his own private interests for a lit
tle season, and offer his own services as a mem
ber. . For a sacrifice it is, to most foreigners, to
serve for the beggarly pay which the laws and
Constitution prescribe. Three dollars per diem
poorly compensates for an absence from one's own
island, and a residence in this expensive city. It
illy pays the interruption to business of those
who belong here. But if philanthropy and duty,
names so often prostituted, are not mere names of
dead virtues, and do influence men in public ser
vice, they may be appealed to, to secure a House of
Representatives of the beet men in the kingdom.
Under the New Code, judges are excluded from
the Legislature which is probably one of the
best provisions passed in that enactment. Had
the same rule been applied to all government em
ployees, its influence in freeing that body from
the control of the ministry would be healthful to
the prosperity of the kingdom. The House of
Representatives ought to be composed of men
who are entirely beyond the control or influence
of the ministry, and the exclusion of judges is s
step in the right direction.
Topics of prime importance will be brought up
before the next Legislature for discussion, and
must in some way be disposed of. The first sub
ject introduced will doubtless be the amendments
to the Constitution, passed at the last session, at
the recommendation of the King. As these arer
quite important, we publish them as they appear
in the Polynesian :
Aanct.cs or Amcvimbxt or rut CnjsTrrrnoi Pboposko
asd Acarcn to rrajcAXT to tec 105th Arttcls or tb
Rcsolvid. bw the King, the If obit end the Rfprenenta-
ices of tht Hawaiian I lean a in Legulative Council
ArncLC 1. Article 55th is hereby amended so aa to read as
M The King's Ministers are eligible to the House of Representa
tives, exceptitis; those who have been created Members of the
House of KoMes by Royal Patent, and they have the right tn he
heard in the Ilnoae of Representatives when accused cf mal-ad-
ministration in office."
AaTtCLa 2- Article 70th Is hereby amended so as to read as
The members ef the House of Representatives shall receive
as compensation for the entire sum of service the sum of one
hundred and fifty dollars out of the public treasury, to be paid
in auch proportion dorins; the session as the Legislature may
prescribe, and with such sum for mileage as may be provided
for by law
Aiticli 3. Article 72d is hereby amended so as to read as
follows j ,
" The King appoints the members of the House of Nobles.
who hold their seats during Ufa, unless in ease rf rrsignation. or
tor such a term of years as may be prescribed by Royal Patent,
suiject to the prorfetao of Article 67th; but their number shall
not exceed twenty."
A xt ici-X 4. Article 76th it hereby amended so as to read as
The Representation of the people shall be based on the prin
ciple of equality, and shall be forever regulated and appointed
according to tht population, to be ascertained by the offlciaf
census. In the year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty,
and every tenth year thereafter! the number of Representatives
shall be fixed by the Legislature, agreeably with this and the
AancLsi. Article 77 is hereby amended so as to read as fol
lows : -
, No person shall be eligible for a Representative of the peo
ple, who is Insane or an idiot, or who thai I at any time have
been convicted of any infamous crime, or unless he be a male
subject or denoenof the kingdom, who shall have rrrived at the
fell age of twenty-five years, who shall know how to read and
write, who shall anderstand accounts, and who shall have re
sided in the kingdom for at least one year immediately preceding
his election, and who shall own real estate, within the kingdom,
anineumbered. of the value of at least One Thousand Dollars, or
who shall have aa annual income of at least One Thousand Dol
AancLs ft. Article 78 la hereby amended to as to read aa
follows i '
M Every male subject ef It is Majesty, whether native or natu
ralised, and evesv denisen of the kingdom who thall have paid
his taxes, who shall have attained the fall age of twenty years,
who ean read, and who shall hare resided ia the kioedom for .
one year imtnediately precedlog the time of election, shall be
entitled to one vote for the representative or represer"res or
the district la which be may have resided three ator r-xt
receding the day of election provided that no Insane r ' na,
an nerson who shall have been convicted of any bwmov -
I crime, within this kingdom, unless be shall kars beee paraewe
i m the ana ay tnc terms of sucn jmruvm J
aU the riglus ef a subject, shall be allowed to fe- "; s -. ;
Approved tarn asm jay oi aisy, asw. ,
7 ht. ; ,r K" A . . - .
the - fuaendments. Tbelr iiiSuenc, if finally
adopted, npon" future Legislatures, by shorts
ening the sessions, and by' suppressing can
didates who have not a certain property qualifi
cation, is too important to have escaped the con
sideration of the constituencies. -
But the subject of the most vital importance,
and which waa supposed to have been quietly pat
at rest, after the strong and unanimous opposi
tion it met in the last session, is what the Poly
nesian of November 5th speaks, of, evidently
by ministerial authority, as the liquor que
"tion, in all its multifarious relations, which
" was sacrificed last year, and wo hope for the
last time, to the unreasoning objections, unten
" able in the face of facts, and working evil
" through its disregard of physiological require-
".ments: a Question embracincr not only the
" manufacture of wine, but also the manufac
" ture of brandy, rum and okolchao." This
question was the " piece de resistance" of the
last session : if again brought forward, we doubt
not it will be that of the coming one. It was
then "sacrificed' by the unwavering and praise
worthy opposition of a very large majority of the
Representatives, and, if we rightly judge, an op
position which has been, and will be, sustained
by the whole nation.
The opinions of this journal upon the subject
of opening an unrestricted liquor traffic to the
natives were fully expressed during the discus
sion in the last Legislature. They are not only
unchanged, but strengthened by further observ
ation, reflection, and the untenable ' theories"
advanced by the ministerial organ, if mere sup
positions can be called theories. The action of
the Lower House, we are happy to know, was
supported by the most intelligent part of the
community, and by all who desire the welfare of
the native race. It was supported, not alone by
that section who are sometimes charged with
being ascetics in morals, but also by those who
would be nllowed by our cotemporary to be lib
eral enough in their views, but who see clearly
in all history the results which too surely follow
the use of ardent spirits by people unaccustomed
to self restraint and not compelled to steady in
dustry. Does any man doubt what would be the
fate of the Hawaiian people if there were licensed
drinking saloons in every street fitted with ac
commodations for natives and furnished with
liquors for every native's money, drinks for a rial
and drinks for a hapaumi, and all potent to ine
briate, madden and poison; if what is now felt to
be a curse to the nation when it is conducted cau
tiously and illicitly, were thrown open and sanc
tioned by law, with no limit to the traffic but a
rapidly increasing taste for drink and means to
procure it ? Time was when a man who dared
to ppeak a word in help of his poor inebriate fellow-mortals
was scorned by the official gazette as
a hypocrite and an ascetic. But happily, even
in our cosmopolitan community, the labors of the
Dashawajs" have Bhown that a change in pub
lic sentiment can be effected, and even the govern
ment organ has so far changed as to ceafe to call
those hypocrites who aim to check and limit the
devastating power of rum. Any minister who
will risk his reputation on a revival of this liquor
question, will find public sentiment point the fin
ger of pity and scorn at his misconceived philan
thropy, and condemn his political measures with
a veto more powerful than ever yet felt.
We cannot hope, through the medium of an
English newspaper, to address the body of this
nation. We must speak to foreigners to
those whose interests are bound for life with
the prosperity of this country, and who have a
deep, and , unselfish interest in the welfare of
this race. It is our conviction that its very life
and perpetuity depends upon the decision of this
question ; and so thinking, we would urge foreign
subjects, who speak the native tongue and whose
interests are identified with Hawaiian?, to present
themselves as candidates. You, more than mo6t
natives, can foresee the consequences of a wrong
decision. You, better than they, know your
rights as members of the Legislature of a Consti
tutional Government, and will not be easily mov
ed from the opinions which you have adopted.
A large foreign element will give the representa
tive branch of the Legislature firmnets, dignity
The session is not likely to be a long one, the
bulk of the legislation for Bome years we trust
having been accomplished by the Legislature of
1853, and it will probably not excqgd sixty days.
Whilo we place the liquor question foremost,
there are other matters of importance and diffi
culty, which will demand the attention of the
Legislature. By that time the Xew Code will
have come to its bearings in every department of
business. The adjustments needed to make it
work quite satisfactory, may then be seen ; we
hope they may be few, and be made once for all,
if such a thing is possible in law making. There
will be to be discussed amendments to the revenue
laws, the whole subject of the military or militia,
which for want of time was dropped out of the
draft of the New Code: amendments to the sys
tem of taxation and aiw-eioent, and to the postal
It might well be considered, too, whether some
offices at present existing might not be with ad
vantage abolished, and some new ones instituted
with equal advantage. Among the latter we will
mention an auditor of public accounts, and with
him a stricter responsibility iy regard to all
losses, even accidental so called. A public trans
lator, who should officially translate into the na
tive or the English language all laws, reports and
other matters required to be published in both
languages, and bo responsible for correct proof
reading as well as translation, is an officer much
needed. The want of such a person has caused
the loss to the government of nearly one thousand
dollars this year in the publication of the native
We have not attempted to give a full outline,
or even mention, all the subjects demanding the
attention of the next Legislature ; but enough
perhaps has been suggested to support our pro
position thathe Legislature of 18C0 ought to be
Magiqce ( ,EA0DiXAing. Oo Satur day night,
as a horse belonging to Mr. H. A. Carter, was stand
ing at the gateway of his residence opposite the
Methodist Chapel, some light fingered thief came
along and being tempted by the appearance of the
saddle, which was nearly new, and thinking, perhaps,
that he had a better right to it than its owner, very
coolly took it off the horse's back and quietly disap
peared. On the owner coming out, he was of coarse
rather astonished to find his saddle non est. Such
glaring acts of theft and rascality, call for increased
vigilance on the part of the native police.
Clear Sidewalks. It is a rule strictly observed
in civilized cities, that the sidewalks should beTcept
clear, especially of quadrupeds. It is a most com
mon practice ia Honolulu to frequently leave horses
standing for a long time right across the sidewalk
a practice that is very annoying, especially to the
softer sex. This Is a great nuisance, and should be.
ry B. T. Nicolas, Esq., the late Acting British
Commissioner and Consul General, died on board the
ship Pizarrol on her passage to Bremen. This sad
news will be much regretted by all who had the
sure of Mr. NioolaV acquaintance herav Poly.
Lats Johx Pitt. The schooner JTaluna ar ,
" morais front Hawaii, with the remains of
" -rpes, x:lo htzll to iittt:: i tljhigh-
. .J -sw-
IfOTEi OF TIE V7EEK.
HommiBLB McutlLr-OBw of the most atrocious
murders ever committed In Honolulu, took plaoe on
Sunday morning last, the unfortunate victim beinj
a native woman named Louika, the wife of a China
man, Ahyan, in the employ of J. Ml Smith & Co.,
druggists, corner of Fort and Hotel sts. At the time
of the murder, about 3 o'clock, A. M., Ahyan and
his wife were asleep in their room, which was enter
ed by some unknown person, armed with a hatchet
and large butcher-knife, who attacked the woman
and stabbed her very severely in the leg and abdo
men, and immediately fled. She cried out and rous
ed her husband, who on getting out of the bed, ia
some way out his own arm with one of the weapons,
both of which had been left by the murderer. Sever
al physicians were immediately called in, but the
wounds were so severe that the woman died about
three hours after. , A coroner's jury was summoned
by the Sheriff on Sunday, but no satisfactory evi
dence oould be obtained.
Yesterday, we learn that the wespons used were
identified, and some evidence bad been obtained, which
implicated a chinaman in the employ of Mr. C. Brew
er, as having been concerned in the murder, either
as principal or accessory. . An examination has been
held and enough has transpired to show that the
purpose was to destroy the life of Ahyan, and that
the woman was probably killed by mistake. It is re
ported that a quarrel had taken place among four or
five of the chinamen, Ahyan among them, the result
of which was that the others determined to destroy
his life. These are the reports as they are current,
and may not prove correct. Yesterday afternoon the
coroner's jury having obtained evidence, rendered
their verdict, the substance of which is, that the
woman Louika came by her death, through injuries
received from a sharp weapon, and inflicted by tho
hand of Ahio ; who was accordingly committed.
Ocbotsk Route. We have observed, by noting
carefully the various passages made by the whale
stffps this and other seasons, from the Ochotsk to
Honolulu, that those vessels that preferred running
down their longitude, while in a high parallel of
latitude, on account of the fewer number of miles to a
degree of longitude, have buffered more from the
severity of the weather prevailing in those latitudes,
and that any time gained by taking that route, has
found a full off set by loss of sails, spars, and sundry
other damage ; while other ships which have, upon get
ting clear of the Kurile passages, steered well south
ward, thereby getting quicker into the milder par-
rallels although probably a little longeron their pass
age, have generally come into port less damaged and
sea worn, and in consequence incur far less expense
during their sojourn in Honolulu. A striking in
sttDce of this is shown by the track of the whaleship
Bowl itch, under the command of Captain Martin,
who has kindly shown us bis route. It is evident that
when the heavy gale first originated about 43 X. and
started on a N. . direction the Bowdilch must have
been a little to the N. W. of that starting point. Had
she steered any thin? to the eastward of N. ., it is
most probable sbe vould have come in contact with
the storm's track. As it was, she was steering far
more southerly, and so escaped quite clear of it. . We
do not presume to direct those far more qualified to
judge, bat still these facts are worthy of note.
The Latest from tue Abctic. We have endea
vored to give full reports of the ships cruising up
North the past season, but the following, sent to us
from Lahaina, eclipses everything given :
irrr Report of the ship fining Typhoon, Spunyam, master,
last from the North Pcle, hnving on buarrl 000 brls sperm, 000
hale oil, and considerably less none.
Oct. 20. the French electric frigate Hapolton X., came in
collision with one of the vemiliitinjr towers of the ithering
trstt Submarine Kailrowl, anil was so seriously damaged that
he soon sunk in 100 fathoms watrr.
Nov. 1, Int, 40 J 00 N Ion?. 170 W spoke the balloon
Abctic, of the New Vor' and i'ekin Line, and heard that the
island of Nantucket, which had suddenly disappeared, had again
made its appearance alxve water, very tittle damaged by its
submersion and woukl be repaired, and soon be in as good
condition as ever.
Nov. 2, sixike Chinese junk Ha Chin. Capt. Joss Fan. 21 dars
from Shanchsr, Iwund to San Francisco she reports the Island
of Chusan still aground, and no hoj.es of frettine it Sfloat. Tile
Insurance Company rrfnse to pay the insurance, allowing the
Island to have been deficient in spars especially ia chopsticks.
The Mandarin of the Pewter Button refuses any further advan
ce, and the Oh-wotnen of the Island are in opea revolt the
prospect Is. Inst the f.mpire will airain be plunged Into the
horrors of uncivil war. Should this be the case, no doubt an
unprecedented rise in the price of tea and putty will be the
consequence, and the small quantity of these articles now tn the
market makes the prorpect look serious. It is to be hoped
the United States Government will Interfere before it is too hue.
Sept. 30, spoke the American whaleship Bangup, Bunker, of
New Bedford, In HU. 89 30. with about the same oil and bone
that we have. The Bangup had seen several whales this sea.
son near the Pole, and hail been very fortunate, not eettinn two,
and coming very near another, which she dirTnt pet. Captain
Bunker intended to cruise till December, and then go home
through Davis Straits.
The Flying Typhoon, beine; n'pred with one of CraSk-r k
Co.'s Patent Ice Breakers, succeeded in forcing her way thmufch
the ice. and entering the open sea in July, tint near a whale on
the 15th, in lat. 84 10N long. 110 W. The next day saw
another, and when within a mite of him, fired at him with oni of
Ponner & Blitzen's new guns, but the gunner miscalculating the
distance, the bomb pnssed over the whale, and, unfortunately,
took effect npon a Greenland schooner, sinking her upon the
spot, with all hands on bonrd. No hlitme can be attached to the
gunner, as the mirage made the distance appear greater than
it really was.
The Japanese Currency, Again Since our last
issue we have received the following note from Japan,
by which it appears that the currency has been re
stored to its former basis :
S. Commercial Aoenct. ?
Hikodali, August 20, 1859. J
To the Editor of the Commercial Advertiser at Honolulu
Sir : A few days ago, Mr. Rice, the U. S. Com
mercial Agent at this port, informed you of the sud
den change of the currency in Japan. Mr. Rice is
at present not here; during his absence I am acting
in his place, and therefore I deem it my duty to in
form you that the old currency is adopted again
that is, the Mexican dollar is worth one hundred
cents, and all other silver coin according to weight.
I am sir. respectfully.
Your obrdient servant, Fred. Wilkie,
Acting Vice U. S. Commercial Agent.
Amusements. Those talented artists, the Bell
Ringers, left last week for a visit to Lahaina, where
they arrived on Saturday morning, after rather a
rough passage. They performed on Monday and
Tuesday, and will return to Honolulu this week, and
probably be here Friday or Saturday morning.
We hope they will meet at Lahaina as liberal a patron
age as they deserve. For the last few nights, Mitch
ell's Minstrels have been performing at the Theater in
this city, but at present are at the Merchants' Ex
change. We notice that Lee & Benedict's Circus, is
daily expected here. Among the variety of amuse
ments, the tastes of Honolulu people ought to be
A Good Joke. An American whaler, burning
scraps to try out her oil in the night, was seen by the
steamship Circassian, and mistaken for a burning
vessel. The Circassian went out of her way to afford
relief. The N. Y. Courier & Enouirer
M s "
" The practice of burning scraps by whalers to trv
out their oil at sea by night is not common. The in
cident Tn question ; by those who witnessed and heard
it, was said to be an isolated one. If such a practice
is getting in use, it should be inquired into and abol
ished. For if whalers are allowed to make midnight
bonfires on the ocean, alluring steamers, to the res
cue, they will cry wolf too often for the safety of
other shipping that may really be in distress.';
Sabbatq Amusement. It appears that on Sunday
morning last, a dispute arose among sundry inmates
of the Liberty Hall, on Mauna Kea street It was
prolonged by way of diversion throughout the day, -and
wound up at night by a smart pugilistic encoun
ter among the disputants. . One of them departed
from the customary rthes laid down by men of science,
and summarily laid his opponent low by across blow
of a stick thrown at him, striking across the upper
portion of the face. The services of Dr. Guillou were
called in question, who succeeded as far as possible
in repairing the damage.
Wanted to Know. By the public universal in
Honolulu and elsewhere, in what the audience were
enwrapped," during the delivery of Mr. IL A. Car
ter's Lecture, as stated by the Polynesian whether
it was in blankets, shawls, oil cloths, or in cast off
editorials. We wouls) advise our cotemnorarv to keen
txr-i . . . t. i
ii cusicr m sis nww. j ,
Boor and Pictures. If the auction sale
week waa any criterion of the wants of Conot.tji, it
h clcr tvt t rarf-'-Vr:
'1 tt a",..
announcement, . the
Ytm AvxtvzssAKT o tax
TToBic Society. Azreeable to
Sailor's Home Society, held its anniversary at the
Bethel, Thursday evening, November 17. Judge
Robertson presiding. The Society having been call
ed to order, the Secretary, Dr. J. M. Smith, read the
minutes of the last annual meeting. Prayer was
offered by Rev. E. Corwin, and the byma was sung,.
commencing thus : ' ; '. ';
Blest be that voice, now heard afar .
O'er the dark, rolling sea, . ; s
That whispers to the hardy tar. p .
' Sailor, there's hope tor thee.' " , f.
C R. Bishop, Esq., the Treasurer, then presented
the following Report :
HosaiXLr, Nov. 17. 1859.
To tht Honolulu Sartor's Home Society i
Hi nee your Treasurer's last report, Nov. 22, T858, the receipts
and dlslmrsements have been very small, as will appear by the
account current annexed. Three hundred fifty-nine dollars and
twelve cents f359 12) principal, of the " old debt," (the Socie
ty's acceptance.) and Interest thereon up tm date, til I 60,
making $40162, remains unpaid. Deduct from that $12 2o,
the amount in the Treasur r's hands, and there remains a bal
ance to be provided for of $39 37. Of the contnbuUons of oil,
paint, etc, for painting the " Home" and of matters and things
generally, the Executive Committee will report.
CHA3. B, BISHOP, Treasurer.
CHAS. R. BISHOP in Account Current with the Honolulu
Sailor's Horn Society, for Receipts and Disbursements
Nov. 22, 1868, fo Nov. 17, 1S0.
Aug.t12, to uat ree'd from Rev. A. Arthy, 'Calypso,'
u u from Ro. Mr. Doane, of K'on,
u u a from an unknown contributor,
k m u from a Friend,
Nov. 14. - " "
- for lodgings......
Nov. 17, to balance brought down
Aug. 12, by paid Wm. Eld rid e for services, taking
care of Reading Room, fm Nov. 1,
1868, to March 12, 1869, 19 weeks
L W. Fischer's bill for moving piano
to Fort Street Chnrch, for Con
cert, Nov. 19, 1868
m u - C. B. WiMer's bill, services as sex
ton Nov. 19,1868 '.
9. C. Damon's bill for repairs, etc,.
Nov. 14 "
H. M. Whitney's bill of Sept. 24th.
C. II. Lewers bin of -Sept. 30th,
for paint, ete
" N. L. Fuller's bill of Sept. SOlh for
" " J. C. Spalding's bill Aug. 16. paint,
1 17 u Balance carried down
E. fc 0. E. $223 50
CHAS. R. BISHOP, Treasurer.
Honolulu, Nov. 17th, 1S29.
The Report of the Executive Committee was read
by the Chairman, the Rev. S. C. Damon, from which
it appeared that the House was still holding on its
useful career, under the efficient management of Mrs.
Thrum. Since the home was opened in September,
180, over twelve hundred boarders have there found
a home and quiet resting place. The report dwelt
upon the importance of the Reading Room and De
pository, as important auxiliaries in promoting the
usefulness of the institution. Multitudes of seamen,
not discharged, and not boarding there, visit the
Home, to write letfera and obtaiu reading matter.
froe interesting remarks were made by the Rev.
Eli Corwin, who spoke of the character of seamen,
and tho necessity of providing good boarding houses
for them on shore. He closed with some practical
remarks to the business and commercial men of Hon
olulu, in relation to their duty, and we only regret
some of them were not there to hear what he said.
A collection of fifty dollars was taken np, and the
following gentlemen elected, as Trustees f r the next
three years, agreeable to the provisions of the Con
stitution and Charter.
Rev. S. C. Damox, O. P. Jcdd, M. D.
C. R Bishop, Esq., II. Hackfcld, Esq.,
James Bisset, Esq., Rev. E. Corwix.
Dramatic Performance. On Saturday evening
will be presented the beautiful operatic drama, Rob
Roy, with all its appropriate scenery an I appoint
ments. Miss C. Hiffert, of the Alleghanians, will
appear as the graceful and sprightly Diana Vernon,
in which character, it is said, she has made quite an
impression in New York and elsewhere. She will be
npported by a first class talented company, among
which are several parties belonging to this city who
have kindly tendered there services on this occasion.
AVe also understand that a pleasing musical Burletta
is in active preparation to be produced on Monday
next. It is written and got up expressly for Miss C.
Iiffert, by a dramatic author, a gentleman now in
Honolulu. We hope the exertions of the company to
offer a few nights' good amusement to the public, will
be appreciated by them.
About as Correct as Usual
New Exr.tSK. We nmlerstanil that " Mechanic Enirine Co..
No. 2." of the Honolulu Fire Department, has senttoSaD Fran
cisco to purchmse a new engine for that Company. Success to
the Company; but we hope it is no disparagement to wish that
the engine may never be wanted.
We find the above in the Polynesian of last Satur-,
day. It gives the impression that the company are
procuring an engine by their own efforts, which is not
the fact. The money is furnished by the government,
having been voted by the last Legislature. The
company has sent, not to San Francisco, but to Bos
ton, for one of Hunneman's best manufacture, and
we have no doubt will obtain a superb machine. '
Earthquake. A severe shock of an earthquake
occurred on Monday morning last, at 25 minutes past
two o'clock, A. M., which lasted but a few seconds.
It was felt by several persons, who were aroused by
it. A gentleman who was awake at the time, says
that the sensation felt was very similar to a person
taking hold of another by the shoulders, and shaking
him suldenly. His native cook was roused by it,
and rushed into the house to inquire the cause. It
is very seldom thit an earthquake occurs on this
island. We would like to have our correspondents
at nilo inform us, if any shock occurred there
about that time.
Gtmnastics. The old Bungalow, where the Ma
sonic ball was held, aid which has remained empty
for a long time, and is rapidly increasing in decay
for want of a tenant, has at last been called into use
by Mc, Chas. Derby, who is the pioneer in intro
ducing in this city the healthful system of gymnastics.
He has rented the Bungalow and is fitting it up so as
to form a complete and perfect gymnasium. Its
roomy and lofty interior render it a suitable and
well-chosen arena for the- cultivation of this noble
and healthful science, which Mr. Derby is so well
qualified to teach.
Another Coaster. Another addition is made to
our coasting fleet. ,The schooner Henry, last from
Fanning's Island, has been purchased by G. W. Macy,
of Kawaibae, and will be placed on the Kawaihae and
Kohala route under the command of Capt. McGregor.
She is a staunch and roomy little vessel, and we
doubt not will give satisfaction to her new owner, aa
her sailing qualities are very fair, and she is well
adapted for the trade she is intended for. She was
formerly the East Maui, but was lengthened and re
built at Fanning's Island.
French Consul for Honolulu. We copy th
following item from the N. Y. J"ews, ot Oct. 5, which
paper is the administration organ in New York of the
American Government. The report is not confirmed
by advices France: '
"T. A. Moerenhount, who has been French Consul
at Monterey for thirteen years, and distinguished
himself by aiding the Americans in every possible
way, when they first took possession of California,
has been transferred to the same post at Honolulu."
. Schooner Liholiho. This favorite packet has
been recently thoroughly overhauled and made al
most new. .. She has a new main roast, copper and
rigging, and has been repainted inside and out. Her
cabin, too, has been muoh improved, and for comfort
is equalled by nothing on the route. We notice that
she has been provided with new patent anchors and'
very heavy chains, which add to her safety. In
short, Messrs. Harris & Co., appear to spare no ex
pense to make her the finest coaster among the islands.
Bjct Culture. We would call the attention of
those who are interested in this subject, to the com
munication of Mr. Holstein in another column. We
have received from him specimens of the grain stow.
ing, and also the rice afler having been cleared. The
latter has a darker appearance than any of the varie
ties imported, and it has been suggested that this
may be attributable to the same cause that makes our
wheat of a darker appearance than foreign grown
grain. . L 4 .-
ors BoxEs.This wek, Messrs Johnson & Fos
ter, who have already uooenfully repaired several
-ipt. wim f axes, nave built two more; a large one
for the ship'Ti
,vn, sou a smaii one Tor the Tem---iSrei
t4) r--'rdars-v ' '-'tie J
" ''Thar::-- ''-j1
jr-fst-fit ' -
r I. :ra Rxuc.TTe fcave ' been tbown
a relic of; tie great circamiMTljEator, Capt.
Cook. It is a small trunk, about eighteen incbea
long and six wide, and is a nice little receptacle
for letters, papers, &e. It was given by Captain
Cook to an officer of one of the ships accompany
ing bim in his expedition. He in turn presented
U to the parties now possessing it, who value it
as a memento of a great man.
- inPBisoNWK On Tuesday last eleven seamen
belonging to the bark Covington were committed
to prison, by order of Mr. Pratt, the American
Consul. Their offense was, having in an im
proper manner refused to go on board their ship
and perform their duty. The efficiency of bread
and water, and worse than all, a failing in the
supply of their favorite weed, will now be tested.
Desertion. The record at the Police Court
shows a large number ot seamen, deserters from
whaleships during their stay here. It affords
practice and employment for the police, who, in
most cases, arrest them, and prove to the culprits
that, the attempt is not only unprofitable, but
Feed Store. We have at length what has
long been needed a flour and feed store. ' That
there is business enough to support one no body
doubts, and that Mr. A. D. Cartwright is just
the man for it is equally certain. Mr. C
intends to keep on hand, as soon as eupplies can
be obtained, the California oat straw, which is
vastly superior for horses to our native hay.
From Jarvis Island. By the courtesy of Dr.
Judd, who received yesterday a letter from Capt.
Russell of bark Ionia, dated at Kawaihae, ve
learn that the ship Ocean Express, Willis, arriv
ed at Jarvis Island on the 20th of Oct., 12 days
from Honolulu, and was- loading at the rate of
seventy tons a day. Capt. Jtussell left Jarvis
Island Oct. 2G, all well.
Drt booDS. The fire proof store on Fort
street lately occupied by C. Brewer, Esq., we
notice, has been beautifully fitted up as a retail
store by Mr. F. Spencer, who has well stocked it
with choice and fancy goods. It makes one of
the very finest stores in Honolulu.
E A clipper ship, chartered to load guano,
was expected to leave San Francisco by the 16th
of Kov., touching at Honolulu for orders. It is
therefore probable that we may receive a mail
before the Palmer, which is not due till about
the 12th to 16th December.
Public Meeting. We are requested to state that
a public .meeting will be held this evening at the
Bethel, to take into consideration the education of
Don't be Frightened. The new alarm bell of
Engine No. 2, will be rung on Saturday afternoon, at
4 o'clock, and will probab'y make, a little noise.
5r Those in want of good carriages, will find
couple at Cartwright'a feed store, offered for sale
(Correspondence Pac Commercial Advertiser.
Letter fr aua Sasi FrssaicieeeM
San Francisco, Nov. 1, 1859.
Mr. Editor : The past month 4as been unusually
quiet, and nothing of a very startling character has
occurred since the date of ray last communication.
The newly-elected County officers have quietly taken
possession of their respective offices, and the State
officers elect will assume their duties some time dur
ing the winter. General Williams, a State Senator
from San Francisco, has resigned, and it will be
necessary to hold a special election to fill the vacancy,
very soon. As the notorious Bulkhead Bill,"
which was killed last year in the Senate, will doubt
less be brought up again this year, the election of a
Senator will give the people of this city a good oppor
tunity of expressing their wishes in regard to that
obnoxious measure. It is thought best that a can
didate should be chosen, without reference to any
party, who shall stand or fall according to the Bulk
Are becoming more and more popular every year,
and their beneficial influence upon the agricultural
interests of the coo ntry is very obvious. Following
the great State Fair at Sacramento came the Annual
Fair of the Horticultural Society of this County,
which was held, in Sin Francisio. Next came the
exhibitions of our neighbors at Alameda, Contra
Costa, and Santa Clarar-Coun ties, in rapid succession.
The Agricultural Society of San Mateo County is to
come next on the list. Ths Fairs of the Alameda and
Santa Clara Agricultural Societies, the former held at
Oakland and the latter at San Jose are spoken of as
especially worthy of notice. In regard to the Oak
land exhibition we can speak from observation; and
we might relate some marvellous instances of the
great siie to which fruits and vegetables grow in Cal
ifornia, but we refrain.
ARRIVAL OF CEN. WINFIELP SCOTT.
The San Juan dispute was deemed so serious by
the Washington authorities as to make it necessary
to send out a man of marked .ability, who would be
likely to heal the difficulty, and accordingly no less a
personage than General Scott, the Hero of Mexico,
was chosen for the mission. He, with characteristic
energy, determined to start immediately; and news
having been received in this city ti that effect by the
Overland Mail, preparations were made by the city
authorities and the different military companies to
give him a public reception on his arrival here. He
arrived on the steamer Golden Age on Sunday, the
16th inst. As soon as the steamer was telegraphed,
the military companies assemble, and marched to
Folsom Street Wharf, to await her approach. As the
steamer passed up the bay to her wharf, salutes were
fired from the shore and vessels in the harbor. A,
grand triumphal arch, decked with green laurels,
and inscribed with the names of the places in Mexico
at which the General gained his chief victories, was
erected across Montgomery street, near Sacramento
street, under which the procession passed. After
being paraded about the streets some time, the Gen
eral was escorted to the Oriental Hotel, where accom
modations had been provided for him. Not leu than
forty thousand persons, old and young, turned out to
welcome the Hero; and had it not been Sunday,
doubtless a much larger number would have been
out. The General left on the next day for San Juan
Island on the steamer A'hrtherner.
A NEW V. 8. SENATOR.
The vacancy occasioned by the death of non. D. C.
Broderick has at length been filled. It becomes the
duty of the Governor, whenever a Senatorial vacancy
occurs, to appoint a U. 8. Senator, who shall act until
the State Legislature shall elect some one to fill the
office permanently. Governor Weller has appointed
Hon. Henry P. Haun, of Yuba County, who will
probably go to Washington by the steamer of the 5th
to take the vacant chair of the lamented Broderick.
Your readers will remember that in April last the
contract for carrying the mails from New York and
New Orleans to San Francisco for nine months, com
mencing from October 6th, was awarded to one Dan
iel IL Johnson of New Y&k. He engaged to trans
port the mails via Nicaragua, for $ 162,000, inside of
twenty-tbree days. Johnson has failed to ful'.fil the
contract, and it haa been awarded to Vanderbilt.
The mails are now carried by the opposition steamers
viax-aoama. i ne annual cost of transporting the
mails to the Pacific, by the ocean and overland routes.
ls as follows : . ; . . . . w . .
V" Df.r0,5 Vtw, Tort M Wew Orfn, via Panama, to
can rranciaon. HmLii.i. .
W- f,'? nd Memphis to Rm Francisco;
SA ,foar-bore eoacl.es. 600,000
T, Anto,1 nT K faee and fort Yama, to
;?v"""':momn,T--- - 130.000
'"TO B. Jofr'pD to Salt IjiVb IMtv at 1 CArtl
and from Salt Lako Cltv t,i PUiorrvllU Mt c
eend-monyily, la twn ootraeta. . . . .
.T,. ---v.--,-. r
St Louis. " The mail which arri.i
however, cam, through in twenty and a halS
. ANOTHER. riUBUSTERiaQ EXpgTiTjgT , I
Has left New Orleans for Nicaragua mhL J
Wm. Walker at it. head. The. nLt. l Si
reached us, so far, re very meager ia r? ,j
The expedition sailed from Cr?5
ctober, having eluded th
on the 4th October,
the authorities and sailing without a ci
is supposed that the late visit of Generarw
this City had referenoe to the contemplated " k
but nothing has transpired in reirani u lVt&ti'
o w 11,
The Executive G.nmittee of the P;a. ..
Convention has recentlv nivuni . v'
m rerv.M . i
the immediate formation of a Company
pose of ' building a railroad from 8aa Fi ''')
Stockton, via San Jose, as a beginning of b
enterprise. The whole Press, with a few ?
advocates the proposition to incur a State id'
teen millions, to ai d in carrying the 1J4
eastern borders of the State.
The contractors of the Pacific and Ati. ' i
graph expect to complete their line u t
Angeles by March nett. About the sam
a ar snj u
telegraph from St Louis to Fort Smith win U I
pleted, which will place us within fen a 1
graphic communication with St Louis,
Two Italian gentlemen, 8ignori Orio and w J
Milan, arrived here a few days since from SkJjf
in the French ship Marie, with a lot of egg. )
Chinese silk worm, which they propose takin
with them to Italy, to repair the damage eBi
the silk interest of that country byanepideniittliJ
has lately raged among the silk worms throJwJ
Europe. They leave with their valuable freT!
the steamer of Nov. 5th. .
Large quantities of silver ore are eomuntlT W J
brought to this city from the recently diiaJj
Washoe mine. Vrj
At last accounts General Scott was at Port f J
send, W. T. General Harney was evidently
displeased at the advent cf his superior, reetrd
1 w: -1. 6
isa a eiur vim 1110 uiuvum vuarncicr. 4 .
Bees are becoming quite plenty now ia dlifc
They are worth, at present, $100 per hive.
A Mechanical andAgricu!tural Co11m fog t1
established at Healdsburg, Sonoma County, ties'
young men can be educated with special refertmj
mechanical or agricultural pursuits.- I
The steamers John L. Stephens and OriL'
brought to our shores 1 800 passengers. The Sttdn. I
connected with the Collins steamer Baltic, and rrh
ed one day and a hall in advance of the Orik
Yours, &c, Scttst.
Rice sisid it Cciliivatiea.
mnt nt rice, the nrodnce of one or In nt tn )
- - w r c rtvi hi
x 01 one gram ci KeW
mbts should exist will a W
lity that rice will baa J
ain ttanle nrwWtinti f
August 5th. If any doubts
mind, as to the probabil
some future day, the main staple production of&J
islands, I hope that this sample will assist b nf
ling your doubts. As far as I am enabled to
from a two years experience in rice eoltnre. I irf1
any other country on the globe to be as prodaw
in rice as the Sandwich' Islands. When one ev teJ
tains from 200 to 230 grains, and one rootfroatt,!
50 and upwards ears; when a half em, ssii
thoroughly prepared kalo land, filled withtheds
noxious weeds, exposed to the influence of V&iJ
winds, will yield 2000 pounds per acreiadjii
three crops per. yar, I believe I so notttiW
reasonable in the assertion, that no other eonstiji
the world can beat these islands in the prodncta i
rice, w atson sets aown 1 ne averape crop or rw 1
1750 pounds per acre.' Every one knows that fag
Carolina produces only one crop rr year. Ana
this, these islands would yield in three half etnas
thousand pounds, or in three full crops 12,000 pwi
per year to one acre, to every acre of land plavnted "sf
sugaror cotton, without reckoning tbehesryeiM
employed in the establishment, come opto one
of the profits of an acre of rice. For five douin
crop, or $16 per three crops, an acre of rice at
orked. I doubt if an acre of t ogarane 01
worked and put through the mill for less thu !
without reckoning the wear and tear of animus
farm implements. There are thousand of aera
Irnln ink Ivinir waste all over these islands, tier
i ten thousand, which in the times of Capt CcnkV
1 . a aUI fsV
to support a population estimated tneo at v.v,w
While these lands lie waste, they are perfectly as
less even as pasture; if worked and planted ii riff
they would yield golden harvests Ourpenphat
either otherwise employed or too lary to rap rra
where they did not sow. The fiat has alwdyfB
forth, that the inheritance of the native is lost Tk
stranger will gather the golden harvest froa tk
ground, enriched by the bones of the departed net
There are hundreds in California and the W
States, who with a small capital wouia oe
glad to become successful rice planters ia tha
try. If they but knew that one years crop
pay for the land, pay expenses and leav iH
fit. I am certain that many would make these sJ(
their future home, develop its rich resources, w
work the neglected kalo patches, those black srsl-J
holes, as the inexhaustible mines of wealth and nd
That it may be so, I sincerely hope.
Yours, tc. H. Hoimn.
Manager of Royal Haw. Agricul. Society'! Ginfc,
Cwttem Cellar? al Wailwkw.
Ma. Editor : As 1 have been announced ia jt
periodical as a veritable cotton planter, or abest
be one. I may ns well begia to report. Bat I
only in the hope that others who have tried, flrP
trying a similar experiment, may be induced to
the results of their efforts, or at least mk ties-
selves known by correspondence, that theexpen
of one may benefit the whole.
Hitherto, I have received very little help ftJ
experience 01 oiners. jij ueiu
soil and rather poor, and lies inclined
water to which it lies fair runs a swift stream
tV swsrt a1 a ww 5 1
iUI UCVA VIA V
About in May last I commenced planting one- .
with native seed, and one quarter ecn - 1
island and New Orleans cotton. The wno.c . ,
up quick and well, but many days had not
before the seed leaves were observed to j
turning them over the under side was litennj
ed with plant-lice (aphis.) Of course, jj 1
whole was soon dead. A second planting 1
better, but was probably killed mainlj by the s:
ing rays of a June sun. - .
Another planting was killed by improper -
and several times the young plants have 1
by the wire worm. Parts of n'J fi?U. 1 an)
nhnit oi.kt !m an.! mn it be piam-u;" 'I
as they are not yet stocked with plants.
first planting is now In bearing and seem to
The New Orleans, though a proimo
feri or cotton. .
The sea island produces smaller pods.
pie is long, fine and strong, and is easily erferf
from the seed. Both kind are prooaoi
modified by the climate, and may in P"",,
become quite different from what they jj
The greatest hindrances as yet to cotton
have fouud to be. the red spider, the P"l
scale louse, as the natives aptly term ".
cus. The wire worm ana ins t,s
. w . . wirin IS
son are great pests. But when the w,Dt'Vj lat
in, and the season of the cut worm has psf"'
pect to have better success. ' rB1'
Wailukc. Maui, November 17, 185?- '
Mr, 8nrR0EOs New Tabemac--'"
tion stone of Mr. Spui-geon s new trnac
in London on Tuesday, Aug. 16th, bj 7 hJjing
M. P. The building will be P of nd t
audience of 6000 persons, and on the gr j
th- arm be sohoola for tt acoom
be schools for tfc aocomnK-.--- x
children. The cost is estimated f
wards this sum a friend at Bristol h9 tl
k. ...m f r(nci aterlinz. Mr. In" !PV
aisasasj v w . WJ r ,
placing - this f-neroas contribution , a f
Eated Cit fcrty gentlemen ewaM fs Jon
I3eu ..MWwntytacive-eiCO, h JJ-J.,
to ioutVf thw tctl amount y -
. . 1. . - . V A.. I
rite X--J itaw c-. -v;
..-4 -.- - .
wrt cay or i J
Jpor3, eonrm or
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