Newspaper Page Text
TZUZSDAT, DECEMBER t, ISM.
VMk. several of the wfcsJeahlna artjnaa irrinl
7 "7 Ja4 far. have acxna into port. Tbpwttealan
t ts , win b fcand below. Her cargo has beea
" reached this ante. . But foar or fir
Tfcr" " peetad, umwc them tba iMr, Ferns,
wtua, uImmk two others. We tfv below the average of
-r.S Wkn fleet, MbfW heard from, Including bar vessels
- arrive at iu rrnci, thowina; 200 veaacls as Baring arrircd
Shins. TntaJ Oil. Arras.
Arctic mod KotfUck, 81 3466 bbU. 443bhls.
Ochotafc. U3 - 68.935 bbla. 610 bbl.
hwhalegnmods,.... 1.060 bbls. 332 bbls.
WiBlhsss bare loud very little difficulty lhi fall in oUxia-
tag their MppOea at low rate. Thb is owing In part to the la
erasseat ewsspettUoa in the ship chandlery line, and to the fact
tka rrn slain al hav- ruled an usually lowland ships generally
' sw pviaalily Derer reflttfl hew with less rpense. Little or
e txoafcta has been experfcjced in obtaining seamen. Hanof
' the ships being homeward bound, more men hare been discharg-
' ed than hi farmer iraanna. Ships are now rapidly fearing this
Of merchantmen, we hare had three arrirals the clipper
ship Weofoot, en the 26th, in ballast from San Francisco, which
asfled agala on the 30th to load at J arris Island. Tbeachouner
ITaf, antred on the 30th from the same porCwita cargo
m e onaeraiana utai sne is to ne empioyea to ran
l a packet between Uooolalo and Baker? Island, the is a fast
r, and will be a line consort to the Josephine, which will
satina oa the Jarris Island route. The J rung Ford brings
a full cargo af hzmber fmea Paget Stand.
The aoa arrlral of the Washington AlUton, now about 162
days oat from Boston, with a foil cargo for this port, is creating
asajM aaaietj, though it should not, as most of the vessels reach
las; 8as Francisco, report heavy weather and long delays off
Caps) Born. The Jotiah Bradlee, our last arrival from thence.
was W days.
The mowing comparison between the Japan prices current
and those of this port, prepared for the Polynesian, by its coca
ajtrtiiil reporter, will prove interesting to thipmastrrs, who do
at are that paper-
COMPARATIVE PRICES of Reemits for Whaler at
WtMsu, Jtpan. m4 Uonoluin, Matraiian Itanas, re-
istacaa to I ntted State Currency, St-Jrmnet ml VI cents,
' - ' IlakcJadi. Honolulu.
Wood, t cord $2i 00 12 00
Coat. T Vm 6 00 15 00
. W t)IA ............... 1WI IW
sweet. wbW 2 00
r. wl OS M
rioor. rm oa 05
shjskwbeat. tb OS
Beans. B 01 4
Jarrots, turnipa, oolmie, etc, f lb... 02 62
taUocfc. average "T head 20 00 25 0O
Pica. 00 8 00
Paeen. - M 4 00 3 25
law aw tT arm. 3 00 4 60
t era. T da 0 50
Umoo, IT bbt 15 00 13 00
. Tea. avera re quality, tb.. - iO 40
Tobacco, Y B 40 SO
bMw carpenters' wages, day. ......... 19 & 00
Water, 4f bM 03 12c IB) 19c
eoraits a Hooolala put on board ship at the expense of the
. vaaiU, At Bskodadi recruits, besides silks, lacquered ware,
rotton goads, porcelain, etc., wilt be delivered on buard ships by
Japanese officers. - Jtschaage oa the L'nited tales at lloooiulu.
Tb TmmJctt sails prwbably on Saturday. She is only await
ing the arrival of the schooner Kalama, from Ililo, which vessel
kaa freight eugaged to go forward by her.
The bark Wmvtiet will awa't the return of the Liholiho, from
B3s and will follow the Yankee, tar Ean "rancfeco probably
about the 12th to the I4th of December.
From Saa Francisco our news is up to the 12th ult. The
mrfcafi were dull. Some ezciurment had taken place about
the aBver Balnea recently discovered oa the Sierra range of
saoantains, and a Bttle beyond the limits of the State of Califor
- Of the veritablcaess of the discovery there can be no qoes
Uoo, but in regard to the richness of the mines, there is still
ma aoubc Should they prove as rich and inexhaustible as is
aww supposed, it will greatly increase the supply of silver. The
. foUowfcig (jpai the 5. F. XrrttntUe Gazette, is the most re
latbia information we can find respecting these mew mines:
WiUjta the pa. month our reooorces in regard to the pre
rVua metala have assumed a new and most interesting feature.
W e aay ear resources, though properly speaking the new devri.
rpaaents have been made rather beyond our borter. . We allude
u what has beea called (quite inappropriately, however.) the
Waahor Jif'tuca. Tkeaa valuable aunes, rich both in gold and
siivcr. Us aa tb Eastern slope of the Sierra evada, in about
bstirurtr 39 ' 25 Bus-, distant some ten miles from Washoe Val
ley, vad i Territory, and eight miles from Carson nver. 'That
is to aay, tie asalit discoreries have been snail e in the locality
aaaaad, lhaajh Indications are .favorable to the conclusioa that
sack of the adjacent country, for many miles in extent, partakes
largely of aa auriferous and argentiferous character. At Vir
gusua City, or Sdver Ilia, as it is Tarteasly called, mines have
1 beea opened, as yet but a few hundred yards la extent, which
yield almost nvbuloua amounts cf silver, and in some instances,
af swkttotbstouorore. These metal are found in the sasae
' eeia, and are mingh-d with each other in irregular proportions,
asms ore y iridic; about half of each, while other specimens are
principally of silver, geceraily about three parts of silver to one
af gnld. Una assay af ore from this locality yielded, per ton,
93 m gold, and tZJMl in silver, while some black sand from
paiaer dicKina adjacent yielded $3,000 in silver and $300 in
gold. Tbe mine now being worked is owned by a company, the
agenta of uhich in this city are Donald Davidson k. Co., who
are part camera. Judging from the announcements or tbe in--1
'Tfc sj prves, we intrr that soane forty loos have already beea
awarded to this cfty, a few tons of which have been shipped
M Panama and Hew York to Bavre, for analytical examination.
1 he ana js ssad4 in this city leave no doubt that tbe ore will
yfekt from fSjBOG to $6,000 per ton. . We learn from reliable
authority that from serenty-fire to one hundred tons will have
fractal this city before the inclemency of thm in trill bw
i aapiuti t saerations. At the mines some rude efforts at smclt
tnaoas ere hare beea made, which have proved sufficiently sat'
iotiii j S warrant the parties concerned in praeecuting the
niidirfsHiiaj, and thus eecnomiaing on the cost f transportatioa
to thM city, which at present at about $100 per too.
Beyond bat aupprjing of tb shipping In poO, we notice no
trusmit'inis worth reporting. The following are tbe current
qaotatSsoa: - i .
TtCTX CawxEsn, $1 " HaxaU $12 0 $12 50. "
aCQAsV Jlo. 1,7 a "Ja. lower grades O Sic
rorm Bcaree, sales at IS 0 13c for bests
r0Tl?I03S Hawaiian beef, 10 0 $1 the 1st brands com
naadrrg the latter Cgire. American beef, f 17 50; pork, 19 &
t KZ IS ETTS The dipper ship Wtbfoot chartered to lead gun-so
at Jarris If land at $12 per ton. In oil, freight are very
l w, ffra hare beea made to take oil aa low a 21 cents per
fXL, but. owins; to tbe large number of whalers bound borne,
aide or none can be had. The Willetn at Lahaina, win sail at
the cjtptfatioa of her lay days, nearly fall. Tbe Rodwja at lLlo,
has) aMalnert, we wnderstand, a foil cargo, at agents rates, under
t4 to t 6c per gaQon.
EXCUAXQH liodUat pur for whalers drafts, andalsfor
bXs an Saa Franrfoeo. '
B.ZAL I2TATE ;Tbe cottage resilience of the late II. F.
rjor,aUuh street, wid on Saturday last for $371 a low
flgsre. Xr. Haddy eras the purchaser.
XCKT Silver five-francs, I 0 2 per cent. prem. Mexican
oVXlars, 7 per cent. .
Report of bark Delaware, of New London, George Kenworthy
Master, from Ochotok Sea to Honolula : We sailed from Ayan
on the first of October, encountered rough weather for several
days with winds at E. and N. and on the 11th and 12th had
a very severe gale from the 8. JL, which obliged us to take in all
aaiL Oa the 13th Inst, made the land at the entrance of 50th
naasaee. and on the mornln? at ltth succeeded in Dasslnir the
trait .' Soon al&i) getting in the straits saw a vessel hove to,
as if waiting for uj, kept away and spoke her. It proved to be
the bark FaitL, Caps. John Rice, in distress, leaking 1200
stioke per hour. Capt. Bice came on board. We offered him
every assistance be might require, but he said the ship was
working so badly that it was unsafe go any farther in her, and
tae omcera had all protestaa tnst sue was unsaie to mue us
passage to Honolulu, and he was determined to make the near
est port. We offered to keep him company, and accordingly
kept aaray for Fetropauloeki, at which place we arrived on the
16th October. In the meantime, all the bone of tbe Faith had
been discharged in boat, and put on board the Delaware,
Commenced discharginrhe oil, and taking it on board, aa we
bad agreed to take part of it to Honolulu, the brig Uero, o
lloooiulu, Capt. Yon Holdt, agreeing to take the remainder of
the oil awl crew. The Delaware took four officers and 23 men
of the Faitk't crew. On the 25th we sailed for Honolulu, with
fine breeze from NV-but had scarcely obtained an offing before
the wind came out 9. K-, which caused us to carry a heavy press
of canvas to clear off shore; bad a soccession of gales from E. 8.
E. and 8. for ten or twelve day, and on the 5th of November,
had a gale of horicane violence from the 8. JS-, in tat. 47 00 N
lung. 171 45 K-, after which the winds favored us and w made
a fine passage to this port.
Report of bark Jenny Ford, Moore-, 20 days from Puget
Sousal. Left at Tekakt, American ships A mot, Lawrence,
bound to Sydney; bark Hyack, for San Francisco, sailed In com
pany with British ship Xorwood. for Hongkong; and bark Oak
Hill, tot San Francisco. First part of tbe passage experienced
8. W. and W. S. W. winds latter part ne weather and fresh
Bark J. P. tTeit. Tinker, has cruised in tbe Ochotsk Sea and
Shantar Bay with fine weather, but foggy at times. Saw plenty
of whales amoog the 0 during tbe first part of the season.
Took the first whale 27th May, and the last boarhead 7th August
ist right whale 15th October. Left the whaling ground 1st
October ; came through the fiftieth passage 20th October, liaa
rough weather yr several days, after that had fair weather
and southerly wintls.
Ship Oregon, Tobey, cruised in tbe Ochotsk with very fine
weather and little fog. Saw very few whales in the ice, but
numbers in Shantar Bay. Took the first whale 27th May, and
last 16th October. Left the whaling ground 17th October J came
through the forty-ninth passage with fine weather. Carried the
same all tbe arav to Honolulu. Had lieht S. . and variable
Ship Thoma Diekaton, Flasket t, has cruised in the Cchotsk
with stormy and tofwj weather all the season. Hail continuous
rales from the X. K. Saw very few whales. Took tbe first
whale 24th May and last 27th September. Left the athalmg
ground 21st October ; came through the fiftieth passage with
pleasant weather. After that had heavy .V. E. swells and fah
weather, but for twelve successive days hud easterly gales. Was
37 days to this port.
Bark Manual Ortix, Hazard Has cruised in the OchoUk,
with fine weather during tbe first part of the season. Had
plenty of fog, but very little Ice. Saw plenty of whales in Shan
tar Bay, but very few elsewhere. Took the first whale on 24th
April, and the last on 11th September. Ltft the whaling ground
15lh October ; came through tbe 50th passage on the 20th, with
rough weather. Was 40 days from thence to Honolulu. Had
bad weather and he l winds all the paattage.
Bark Mary Fraxier, Rounds Cruised in the Ochotsk, with
bad weath r tbe bitter part of the seamn. Saw plenty of ice for
40 days. Saw plenty of whales in July. Took the first whale
on 1st July, and lat in October. Left the whaling ground 12th
October, and came through the forty-eighth passage on 10th,
with fine weather. Picked up a dead whale in the Straits, giv
ing 16 barrels. For four days had a fair X.W. wind, and 16
days head winds trom S.E. to X.E., with fine weather all the
XJ" Ship Chapin, M'Crellis, with cargo of oil, arrived at New
Bedford Oct. 7, 117 days passage ftom Hw: lulu.
XT Ship HttperuM, Lrwin, with guano from Jarris Island,
arrived at New York Oct. 14 ; also, same day, ship Flettwing,
Howes, from Jarris Island, with cargo of guano.
D Ship Harriet it Jettie. Gray, arrived at New York Oct.
19. 157 days from Manila.
XT The magnificent clipper ship Sovereign of the Seat,
has been wrecked in the Straits of Malacca.
In Honolulu. Nov. 28. bv Rev. K Corwtn, Mr. Jos. O. Casts,
to Miss Masr K. Ladd. ET The Printers' best wishes accom
pany the happy couple. .
In Ilonomln. Nor. 29. at the Catholic Church, by the Rt. Rer.
BiSHor MaiGBET, Capt. Cogchhall, of the whaleshlp Silver
Cloud, of New Bedford, to Miss Assr hoosas, or uonoiuiu.
At bis residence. In Waimea, Hawaii, Nov. 21. the lady of
Capt. J. II. Mallett, of a son. Ualirornta papers, pieasc wyj.
In Honolulu, ml o'clock. A. M.. Nov. 30, Cbarlim Qtotav,
son of Dr. Hugo and Mrs. Mary Stangenwald, aged 2 years and
Sept. 19th, William Cskksbjiax, a native of iionart town,
Tan Dietnen's Land, aged 19, killed by a wha'e In the ucnotsK
Sea. He belonged to ship A eneington, Uapt. Stetson.
Msbs Pfcmaea at Hawwlali
Cuvti'j LiLASO, Feb. 131859.
Rev. S. C. Dmo Dear Sir.- Will you allow me to make
a Correction to a statement that appeared in y our columns of Feb.
1st, 1554. which has aIo rone t. e rounds of the apers. both at
your islands and also in the United States. It is, that a new
island was discovered t-y Capt. Moore. w the Morning Star.
I do not wish to detract a word frn the honor due to t'apt
Moore but, honor to whom honor is due. When Capt. Moore
discovered" that island, he had a hook in his state-room enti
tled. Sailing Direct tone fot the Pacific Ocean, by A. U.
Findlay ; and uMa this work, I understood him to say, he put
more reliance titan be did upon hi chart. "Sow Capt. Moore
gives the position of the bland. Ut. 8 3 15 N-. long. 167 28 E.,
while Findlay rives it iat. S 9 20 N-, long. 167 30 K.
This Is copied from the copy of rinillay's Directions Capt.
Findlay says that Capt. Dennet, of the Britannia, " saw an
bland which he called Frincessa Island, in tat. 8 3 20 N, long.
167 ME. It has nut since been seen, though Cspt. Ilaeeni-
meister states that he saw an Ulan-1 near this spot, but Capt.
Chramtschenko must have passed it by. if it xitl ; Admiral
Kruarostern therefore is convinced that it does ik-"
Now, ean there be any chance for a doubt as to the Island
being discovered before tbe Morning Star reached it And
now this little circular island, not one, wile in diameter, is
loaded down with two most noble foreign name Princeaaa and
Anderson ! ""N
And yet it would appear ft'tn Findlay, as qcswl above, that
the Island is omitted on the charts on the authority of Admiral
K ruse n ? tern, who, it seems, is in error in this case. And this
error should make all seamen careful how they sail near the
localities of other islands which are laid down on their charts
near there, and which Capt. Moore say do not exist, because
in passing by he did not happen to see them.
J GaOKliB P.BB903.
P. 8. I hope,' at a future day, to write you a description of
this Island and people. ' U. P.
Friend, Dec. 1.
VESSELS IX PORT DEC. 1.
Am bark Yanl ee, Lovett.
Haw. bark Malolo. Fettjuch.
Hanoverian bark Verden, Coppermann.
Am ship Siam, Kice.
Am ship SUvia, tfwasey. loading oil for New Bedford.
Haw. bark Gambia, Brooks.
Am ship Black Sea, Cate.
Am bark Bbering, Gilliat.
Danish bark Maria, Ingermann.
Am. barkentine Jenny Ftrd, Moore.
Am scb Far West, Porter
Ship Republic, Sayer
... New Mono, Not. 24, 3b, 18 7 m, M.
ay. a. . sa. I dy. h. m.
I".rut Quarter.. 1 . 3 M. Last Quarter.. 16 10 61-3 M.
TsJl Bona.... 9 4 44.6 A. i New Moon.... 23 7 23.2 A.
IsATEST DATES, receives! at this OaSee.
Saa TraoeUoo. ... . Nut. 14
raaana, H. U. Oct. 12
New Yara, (papers) Oct. 20
tregrspoJc. . Oct. 22
Tahiti.. Sept. X
London, (papers)..... Oct. 12
telegraphic. .Oct. 12
Paris Oct. 12
Honrkoog .....Sept 0
Melbourne, Vic.. .....Sept 5
, . ,, Sbira Malta.
Vsa Saa Fbascssco per Yankee, Dec 2d or 3d.
Voa Lasiarsa per Kamoi, to-day.
. wa Kaeas p Excel, about Monday.
Fva Cub fu Kalama, about Monday.
-2?on7 o? nozrox.TJi.Tj. zx. i.
M- f 1 .
f Tor mil reporU of Whaler; ue 4th page.JEt
'y-f; '" ' JkRlaTvAlVS.
9lor. 24 Asa wh bk Delaware. Kenworthy, fm the Ochotsk,
. siaain. 70 wh. 0000 boae.
? swi wh bk J. P. Wot, Tinker, fm the Ocholsk, season,
r? .. 43 sp, 150 wh, 9000 bone.
; i iaw sch Kainna, Antooia. fm Hilo.
it ija wh bk Ionia, Russell, fm sp wh cruise, voyage.
"-w act Maria, Motteoo, fm Lahaina.
i ir aeh Margaret, hn KauaL
;U Am wh h Oiecoa, Tobey, fm the Ochotsk. season,
450 wh. 5600 bone.
0Aaset sh Webfoot, Harne, 12 days fm Saa Francisoo
v , ea route for Jarris Island,
f Ws sch KaoHi. Wilbur, fm Lahaina.
I aw aeh Mary, BerriU, fm Kawaihae, with cattle.
It i. barkeatine Jenny Ford, Moore, 20 days fm Puget
Sound, srith cargo of lumber to Hackfcld if Co.
Wh ah Thoma Dickenson, Plaskett, rm OchoUk,
ins, 400 wh, 4000 bone, voyage, zoo sp, 2300
ah, 25,000 bone.
v h Klnn.li , , fm Kona, with native.
i moo lira Yankee, Morse, fa Lahaina.
v sh Congress, gtraobarg, fm Hikj, off and on.
V'-v ' Jotm walla, Woodtndge, rm Lanatna, lying
r. it 1 1 2e West, Porter, 12 days ba San Francisco.
1 1 m wa bark llary Fraxier, Rounds, fta Ochotsk, 700
l vl?:boue, season ; 100 sp, 2100 wh, 18,000
U-tiluUtL wsct , Hasard. fm Ochotsk, 1000
p wh, lJys-t taaa. . joa 2000 wh, 27000 booe,
WKJagw. : :
Ham. tr -r rt hrH Oakst, KoUs, to
' a s-mo ah bark Csssl Is, Frentice, tocrniae.
- r"i tK' fee Had, Wanks, to eroJse.
SJ aa a). Fplrs, RussaU, to ermea.
71 Asa wb shiv EJjernia W, Rd wards, to cruise. ,
- 1 iM M wh bark Arcaaon, Ektridge, to cruisa. - : -Jt-V
w ship Josiah Brade, Dunbar, for Baker! Island.
- U I T asssossser Exeat, Katteans, for Kofoaaod Nswilt-
js-T oehnnoee Manuokawai, Beckley , for Lahaina and
fr" al-jatia,Antosforllhv i
J W " r t ship CstLwrSuS, i , to -r
Y bark ruw-- "v,toCT
- - r. to
,' , 1 ;.idre, to crmiaa.
Ship Carolina, Hauling
Adeline Glbbs, W ithingt'n
Geo. Howlaod, Potneroy .
Levi Starbuck, Jernegan
M.-tria Tberea, Coop
Northern Light, Austin
Yille de Rennes, Troude
Thos. Dickason, Plaskett
Total 11 merchantmen and 46 whalers.
Manuel Ortix, Hazard
Bark Dromo, Cole
Tern peit, Allen
Frances Henrietta, Drew
J. D. Thompson, Clifford
J. P. West, Tinker
Mary Fraxier, Rounds
Brig Hawaii, Scbiinrlfennig
8. Cons tali tine, Lindliolm
Veaaef a-Expected rrent Farelgsi Paris.
Am. bark Frances Palmer, Paty, to sail from San Francisco
Haw. brig Hero, Von HnhlL. from Petropotovski.
Am. brigantine Jennie Lee, Benedict, was to sail from San Fran
cisco about Nov. 12.
Am. cupper ship Syren. , from Boston, to sail Oct. 25th,
with mdse to C. Brewer Co.
Haw. scbonoer Marilda, Hooper, from Fanning's Island, with
cargo cocoa-nut oD, due Dec 1 to 10.
Brit bark Heather Belle, . to sail from London for Hono
lulu and Vancouver's Island, Aug. 30, with merchandise to
J anion. Green it Co.
Am. ship Amethyst, Studley, from Boston, sailed August 15, due
Jan. 1 merchandise to P. S. Wilcox. .
Am bark Washington A Its ton, , from Boston, sailed June
22, with assorted merchandise to Chas. Brewer 2d.
Fbom Prcrr Socio rxs Jxxxr Fobd, Nov. 26.
H. Harkfeld 4- Co. 343.939 ft roua-h lumber. 20.000 ft dressed
do., 8,610 pickets, 60 brls salmon, 20 bxs apples.
Fbom Sas Fbascisco rta Fab Wcht, Nor SO s
150 bags potatoes. :
For Yktobia ir Toando. Nov. 29190 kegs sugar, 121
pkga do, 1,10 do do, 752 bags rice, 16 cases dry goods, 84 do
champagne, 80 tons salt. Total value $9007 88.
From Prorr Sorsn per Jenny Ford. Nov 27 Mrs Hughes
and 2 children ; 2 Uawaiians in the steerage.
From Sas Fbascuco per Far west, nor so Jo on u stone.
FOZIT OF TmJJ1J1UJ.
Nov. 21 Am wh sh L C Richmond, Hathawar, fm Ililo. Sea
son, 325 wh, 4500 bn t voyage, sp, 1050 Wh,
. 7600 bn; on board, 750 wh, 4500 bn.
. 21 Am wh ah Oliver Crocker. Cochrane, fm Ochotsk.
1 " Season, 750 wh, 7i00 but Voyajre, 90 sp, 750 wh.
7600 bn; oa board, 760 wh, 7500 bu.
23 Am wh bk Msssaclisetta, Oreen, fra Ochotok. Sea-
son. 875 wh.t:,000 bu; voy-e, 95 sp, 1950 wh,
' 40,000 bn; 41 10,1150 wh, 11,C) bn.
23 Arm wh bk Ionia, Russell, fta Kawaihae. reason, 250
. sp voyage, 550 sp; oa board, 2r
24 Am wh sh Oregon, Tobey, fm Cc . I -
, , wh,4000btj; vorB.-a.l-JS,, l.v 14,t t;
' -on board, 450 wh, ba. , . . .
23 As wh sh John WslLt, '( ti: e, f i Ocha v
r Uikv fceason,660, St Wit TC-,1 ,
. 1400 wh, 18)00 bo; wtJurl,C: -. , ,
THURSDAY, DEC. 1.
"Tub Protestant Mission of the American Board has commit
td a fumlamenLil error in not commencing to teach the na
tives, from the very first, the English language and this ought
to be the object of every foreign mission. Afr. Maclay't letter
to the California Ch. Advocate.
There is much sound sense in the abovo remark.
Experience has repeatedly shown in the history
of missionary enterprise, that the use of a strange
language by the people, is a great obstacle to the
success of the teacher; and few better illustrations
of this fact may bo found than that which the
Hawaiian nation affords. It ought, however, to
be btated in any discussion of this question, that
the use of the English tongue by the missionaries
in teaching the Hawaiian?, was prohibited by a
stringent rule of the American Board, in whose
employ they were, which rule forbids the uso of
any other language in its schools than the ver
nacular. Whatever censure some may be dispos
ed to attacbtio the non-introduction of the En
glish language in the earlier etages of the efforts
to civilize this people, must fall, not on the teach
ers employed by the Board, but on that society
itself. The labor of the missionaries, however,
has not been thrown away. On the" contrary,
they have done much to raistvthe natives in the
scale of humanity. They hare clothed them, and
taught them to worship the true God. They
have learned them to read and write, and in con
nection with others, have instructed many in the
to i mi a 1. .
exercise ol useiui traues ii:eir inuuence nan
materially contributed to raise the standard of
civilization; but they have never yet succeeded in
making the natives a race of working,and think
ing mrji. They continue, as a race, when placed
beside the white man, mero children in all that
regards intellectual capacity. Many individual
cases show that the native Hawaiian, under favor
able circumstances, is capable of attaining a high
intellectual position ; and the diffusion of the
English language among the natives, would prob
ably tend more than any other thing to . make
such cases the rule rather than the exception.
The secular books in the Hawaiian language are
necessarily few, and comprise only the rudiments
of learning; and so long as the Hawaiian language
exclusively prevails, the people are shut out from
those broad fields of knowledgo which the English
tongue affords. Their reading amounts to little
or nothing because they have little or nothing to
reaij. Those English works which would lie most
attractive to their minds are sealed books to them.
The little knowledge which they do get is mostly
derived from a common source, and hs to lie
drilled into them, as it would be drilled into a
class of school-boys in the States. Iheir ignorance
of the English language has debarred them from
learning to think for themselves. Ability to think
is of even moro advantage to a man than actual
knowledge; and in no way can it be so well con
ferred upon the natives as by teaching them the
English language and thus showing them how
There are several good English schools npon
the islands, and foremost among them stands the
Honolulu Royal School. But they are very few
in proportion to the population, and do not begin
to supply the want. The smaller English schools
which in past years have been scattered through
out the islands, have in many cast's languished
and died out for want of rroncr surnort. A cor
respondent suggested, in a letter pOjlishcd Borne.
months since ,that the government should take these
English schools under its own protection, and
authorize the Board ot Education to support them
out of the school fund, instead of contributing as
heretofore, but a moiety of the sum Required for
their maintenance, an amount only equal to that
contributed by the arents of the children. Such
a measure would be a great step for the welfare
of the people, inasmuch as it would establish
English schools upon a permanent basis, through
out the group, and impart to a large portion of
the rising generation, a knowledge of the English
language. Until some such plan is adopted it is
in vain to expect that such schools will' thrive.
The natives generally express a willingness to as
sist the school, and are profuse in their promises
for its support; but thay are poor. They have
not the money. Ten dollars a year is a heavier
drain than they can withstand. In many cases
it is more than the whole sum which passes
through their hands during that period. It is
in vain, then, to expect that the native will in or
dinary cases, contribute the required amount to
wards the support of qualified teachers. Hereto
fore the government seems to have ignored the
superior usefulness of English schools, and placed
them on a footing so far bel jwthellawaiianschools,
that there is no chance for them to live. They
should at least be placed upon an equal basis
and the Board of Education should be authorized
to establish them at their own discretion through
out the islands, and pay for them out of the com
mon school fund, without relying for their sup
port upon the precarious subscriptions of natives.
Until the initiation of the new code, English
Bchools were not even placed under the supervision
of the Board of Education; and now that they are
received into their charge, we are glad to know
that the Board nre disposed to do all in their
power, restricted and hampered as it is, to pro
mote them. Let the next legislature do a service
to the country by seconding their efforts.
There is another department of education
which is now becoming a matter of especial con
sideration, and to encourage which a public meet
ing was last week held. It is the education of
Hawaiian girls. - Everyliody knows that the
standard of civilization and refinement in a na
tion depends in a great measure upon the "educa
tion of the women. When they are taught the
refinements of civilized life, and kaow how to make a
home what a hone ought to be, a great step is ac
complished towards the elevation of the men; and
when, on the contrary, they are debased to so low a
position as they have occupied in the Hawaiian na
tion, their influence is a fatal drawback to the up
ward progressxif the race. Educate the women and
the men will rise with them. Imbue them with the
moralities of civilized life, and the men will advance
with them a step higher toward the true standard of
humanity. Experience has shown that the women can
be educated. The female school which formerly ex
isted at Wailaku, Maul, imbued many native girls
with thoughts and habits which have made them the
best native wives and mothers to be found upon the
establishment of u t aacjberof such family schools
those begun by the listers of Charity and by
Ogden, near Punahou, is much to be desired, though
their location ought, if possible,to be beyond the allure
ments and temptations of the metropolis. If located
in or nennolulu, such institutions will jield far
less of the good results desired, than if located in
some more retired and favorable situation. ' In each
of these cehools there are now a number of little chil
dren as many as can be accommodated by their in
structors, who aire being brought up in a knowledge
of the language, refinements and domestio duties of
civilized life. They each pay, we believe, a small
sum for board, the institutions depending partly for
support upon an income from other sources.
The movement to which we have referred is made
by a number of public spirited gentlemen of this city,
to dOse and adopt some plan for the permanent en
largement of Miss Ogden's school, and the wider dif
fusion of its influence. We trust not .only that this
will be enlarged, but that other similar institutions
will at no distant time spring up throughout the
group, and do their part towards preparing the way
for a wiser and better generation of Uawaiians than
any which have preceded it. '
NOTES OP THE WEE.K.
Babk Faitu. For some time past considerable
anxiety has been felt for the safety of this vessel as
accounts one after the other has been pouring in
about the heavy storms that have been traversing the
northern latitudes. A few indistinct rumors have
been current, the tenor of which was that the un
fortunate vessel had foundered, but it was impossible
to trace the source from which the rumors sprung.
All anxiety and alarm was set at rest on Friday last.
by the arrival of theOtrk Delaware last from Petro
polovskif reporting the Faith as having put back into
that port, and there been condemned, transhipping
her oil on board the Delaware and Hero, the former
bringing 700 and the latter about 400 barrels. A
portion of the officers and crew have come down in
the Delaware and the brig brings the captain and
remainder of the crew, who may shortly be expected.
Too much credit cannot be given to Captain Rice and
the officers of the Faith, for tbe exercise of that judg
ment which resulted in waving the oil. Had the ves
sel gone into the gale through which other vessels
passed, she must inevitably have foundered. Capt.
Kenworthy also deserves great praise for altering his
coarse and accompanying tbe leaking bark to a port
The Hudson Bay Company. By a notice in an
other column, it will be seen that the agency in this
place, of this old and respectable company is to be
closed. It will probably take six months to wind up.
n speaking of the company, the Polynesian, has the
following paragraph relating to it :
At what precise period the Hudson s Bay Com
pany first opened commercial relations with these is-
ands we have not the means or ascertaining, we
know, however, that as early as the summer of 1829,
Richard Charlton, English Consul at Honolulu, re
ceived consignments from the Company's station at
Columbia River, and acted as its ngent, until Jhe
summer of 1834, when Mr. Geo. Pelly, having been
sent out by the Company from L,don, arrived here
and established a regular, permanent: agency in
Honolulu ; the occasion being that the Company might
ave an outlet for the salmon ana lumber from its
possessions on the N. W. Coast. For many years the
Company kept their quarters in the building lately
occupied by Messrs. HoQschlucgcratidStapenuorston
Xuuanu street, but in 1846 they leased the fond now
occupied and built the present spacious and well ar
ranged buildings on Queen street, where they have
remained ever since. As a mercantile house, in all
that constitutes the credft and glory of a merchant,
the Hudson B.iy Company's Agency here stood and
stands in the foremost rank. It has been a sort of
commercial moderator, a mercantile balance-wheel
when fluctuations seized on others. The withdrawing
of their agency from this place is, we learn, now
owing to the tact that the discovery of the gold mines
at Fraser River and consequent settlement, occupa
tion and organization of the adjacent coimtry under
a separate civil government, while it removed the
cause of the agency, has given new employment for
its capital nearer home. '
Fiee. On Saturday night, about 10.J o'clock,
just as the performance at the Theater was ended,
the services of the New .Fire Boll were for the first
time called into requisition. The thatched building,
knowu as the native Police Court, opposi A the Court
House, was discovered on fire. The whole of our
effective fire brigade was quickly on the spot. The
Hook & Ladder Company soon brought the burning
rafters to the ground, and tbe well manned engines
made but short work of quenching the flames. The
Court House was quite heated and had a strong trade
been blowing, it would have been much more so.
The building was probably set on fire, perhaps by
some rogue who had received justice there. The house
was shut up at the time and no person was within.
It was a thatch building, owned by Gov. Kekuanaoa,
and worth S400.
Rob Roy. On Saturday evening this beautiful
drama was proyented to the public who was repre
sented by a lair and numerous audience. The per
formance passed off (taking into consideration the
short notice) tolerably well, but showed evidently
throughout that it had been got up under many dif
ficulties. Some of the leading characters sustained
their roles creditably enough, and the mirthful re
presentatives of the Dougal Creature and Mr. Nicol
Jar vis performed their parts so naturally, that they
succeeded in bringing down repeated applause. Of,
Rob h'niself and the charming Diena, 'tis needless to
say more than that they well sustained the reputation
they have already earned, and played well among so
many difficulties which' bad support is sure to engen
der. However, a good humored and indulgent au
diences, euch as Honolulu generally furnishes, will
look with a lenient eye upon those little imperfec
tions that the means, and not the will, render apparent
Tub New Fire Bell. On last Saturday after
noon, the New Fire Bell, recently imported by the
Frances Palmer, was rung in order to test its tone
and capacity. The result was all that was antici
pated, or that could be wished for. Its tone was deep,
full, and very clear, differing from any other bell in
the place, and we should think capable of being heard
a couple of miles off. In case of fire, its loud alarm
cannot fail in speedily awakening and summoning
those whoso duty it is to obey the call. When the
New Engine arrives, which has been recently sent
for, the Fire Department of this city may safely be
considered as effective and useful as any other the
world can boast.
' Look Opt Counterfeit coins, when put into cir
culation in San Francisco and deteoted, often find
their way to these islands. ,A French paper of that
city, U Phare,' states for some time past coun
terfeit 6s,10and20s have been in circulation in
California. They are said to be so closely imitated
that the most skilful eye ean ' scarcely detect the
fraud. The interior of these cins.jt is said, is a
plate of platina. also a very valuable metal and
heavier than gold, from which latter cause the legal
weltrhlvia attained without increasing tbe size. The
external surface is coated with gold by means of
Missed Stays. Tbe whating bark Ionia which
cleared from Lahaina on Thursday last for Gallipa
gos Islands, in passing the entrance of this port missed
stays and run onto Admiralty Reef, or in other words
was seized by the Marshal at the suit of the agents
of the vessel. It seems that the former captain of the
vessel died off Chile, and ordered his first officer to
put into Talcahuano and wait further orders fron the
owners. Bat instead of so doing the vessel has been
cruising about the Pacific, and the owners endeavor
ing to obtain possession of her. At Kawaihae and
also at Lahaina, sales of sperm oil are reported to
have been made at 75 cts per gallon in order to raise
funds to pay the ship's bills..
Female Education. The call for a public meet
ing to take measures in behalf of the education of
Hawaiian females, was resposOed to by a large
gathering on Thursday evening last. The audience
was addressed by Messrs. Corwin, Bates, Robertson,
and Damon.. The result of tbe meeting was the ap
pointment of a committee of nine ladies and gentlemen
to solicit funds to aid in the establishment or a female
school. Some seven hundred dollars were subscribed
at? the meeting for this object and one thousand have
m a WW l. ...1.1 aKB-V
since been raised, liaa we space we buuuiu
the report presented to the meeting.
. Ship Reports. We are under many obligations
j to whale ship masters for news furnished for publica-
cation, during the post season. Many of the Cap
tains arriving, have their reports made out, ready to
take ashore with them. Some of them, among whom
we may instance Capts. Kenworthy of the Delaware,
Earl of the Jirch Swift, Beebee of the Alice,
and same others, never think of coming into port
without a report ready for publication. This saves
much trouble, and enables us to give the report
a more speedy publicity. We wish that every Bhip
master could bear in mind and prepare a report of
his cruise for our paper. .
Sketch or the Sandwich Islands. On our first
page we publish a somewhat lengthy, but very in
teresting account of these Islands. It was original
ly prepared by the late Jas. W. Marsh, aud first ap
peared in our issue of Feb. 1853. It probably
furnishes as correct an exhibit of the group as can be
given in the same space, and will give more informa
tion abroad than a dozen letters. The edition in
which it was printed two years ago, was exhausted
soon after issued, and though we have repeatedly
been requested to reprint it, we have been unable to
do so till now.
Dry akd Dusty. Rain was never more sadly
needed than now. The clouds of dust are almost in
tolerable. What makes it worse is the scarcity of
water, owing to the large demand for the shipping.
Some families have been without water from the gov
ernment pipes for three weeks. Hurry along the
new water-works, or there will be any amount of
grumbling next season.
New Bcoy. The Liholiho took up to Hilo on her
last trip a large cask buoy, made by Messrs. Harris
& Co. to be put down at Laupahoehoe, the principal
pulu landing place. Its cot will be about $400,
one half of which sum the government will probably
assume, oh the meeting of the next Legislature.
FnoM Pcget Sound. Crotkers and others whose
faith in the business prosperity of Honolulu is be
coming shaken, should read the letter of our Pu get
sound correspondent, and theu engage passage in the
. Send it to the Old Folks at e. We issue
! an extra number of the Commercial this week. It
contains the latest domestic news, and full reports
from the whaling fleet. Copies can be had as usual
Bis Majesty returned from Lahaina via Molo
kai, on Friday last, and received the usual salutes.
His health has, we learn, been rather poorly since
EJP The Bark Frances Palmer, arrived at San
Francisco, Nov. 13, in 15 days passage from this
port, and would leave again about the SOth of No
57" The earthquake which we reported last week
as having occurred about 2 o'clock on Monday
morning, was very sensibly felt at Lahaina and also
at Kawaihae on Hawaii At the latter place, it was
the most severe shock experienced for many years.
Dashaways. A lecture will be delivered before
this Society on Saturday evening next, by Mr.
George S. Keyte. The public are invited to attend.'
ST Our thanks are due to Capt. Hayne of the
Wcbfoot, and Capt. Porter of the Far West, for
Mail for rns East. The mail by the Yankt
will close at the Post Office on Saturda-jyext.
islands; and which have gained for . the women of
Lahaioa district, as a class, a reputation for virtue
and morality surpassing that of their Honolula sis--T3.
Many of the missionaries, too, have educated
; Z Hawaiian girls in their own families brought'
acvor- teir own children sr i t&us ctii
J tI-a tio ossj cf civl lied li.V, txt
; -ii'jl. tvs received C J 1 (?'
Atmospheric Lecture. At the request of several
gentlemen, Dr. Dry sd tie, who is in the employ of the
American Guano Company as Chemist and Scientific
Agent, has consented to give a lecture', on next
Thursday evening ai the Fort street church, in aid
of the Female Boarding School. The subject chosen
is " Atmosphere, or the air we breathe," and the
lecture will be illustrated with anDronriate s.nnn-
r t ri
ratus.. Dr. Drysdale has a high reputation as a
scholar and chemist, aDd the lecture will no doubt
be made instructive as well. as entertaining.
Tng Bell Rinoebs at Lahaina. These accom
plished .artists, during their stay at Lahaina last
week, with their well known generosity, gave a bene
fit in aid of Dr. Baldwin's church, which netted a
handsome sum. We learn that they will also give a
benefit in aid of the Queen's Hospital before their
departure for South America. They expect to sail
next week in the Ship Massachusetts.
Personal. Among the passengers arrived at San
Francisco by the Golden Gate from New York we
notice, Mr. Benj. Pitman of mio and lady, and Rev.
E. W.- Clark and lady ; and by the ship Anglo
Saxon yiik Cape Horn, Mrs. B. F. Bolles of Lahaina
and family, all of whom may be expected by the first
vessel. - ' a ii , "v
Thk Bell Ringers We trust that our communis
ty, resident and transient, wiU give a good response
to these musicians this evening, on tbe occasion of a
Benefit to Miss HiSert. They leavo shortly for Couth
America, '. " -J ' ' ; - ' -"-V ,) '' .
Tsk'Clirtja. -The enr-v Jie ' 'i
the CtW'ia oorrr-ayou tr--
.If-ora Can H
Correspondence Patf. Commercial Advertiser. J
Inciter From San Francisco.
San Francisco, Nov. 12, 1S59.
Mr. Editor :
- Thk Pacific Railroad Question
Is, by far, the most important subject, which agi
tates the public mind at the present time. The ex
ecutive Committee or the late P. R. R. Convention
has published a very able address to the people of
this State, representing by incontrovertible facts, and
figu res, the vast benefits which must accrue to the
State at large, from an early completion of this great
work, and urging the endorsement of the fifteen
million proposition, whenever it shall come before
the people. , It has been demonstrated that Califor
nia iu able to build the road to her eastern frontiers,
with no very serious increase of taxation to her
already tax-burdend citizens ; especially, Jien the
increased value of property along the whole route is
takfn into consideration. While the subject of State
aid awaits the slow course of legislative action, ar
rangements are in progress for the immediate or-
j ganization of a 'company, to build a railroad from
this city to Stockton via San Jose. There is some
disposition on the part of the extra-rabid portion of
the Democratic Press, to make this railroad question
a mere party matter. Such, regardless of tbe pub
lic good, look at every question through a pin-hole,
viewing it as it affects their party, and not the wel
fare of the state, and advocating one side or the
other, as party-interest may dictate. The same party
organs which a few months ago advocated the cele
brated " Lime-Point Swindle," now assume an air
of patriotism, and under the specious plea of burden
some taxation, oppose the only feasible plan which
has yet been proposed for the accomplishment of the
Pacifio Railroad enterprise. This is done for the
sake of making political capital.
Are justly claiming a good deal of attention now-a-days
in this State. This is as it should be. It is said
that the Public 8chooIs of San Francisco will not
suffer by a comparison with those of any city in the"
Atlantic States. Three are many Academies through
out the State, and some of them very good schools,
but there is as yet nothing worthy the name of a
College. The so-called Colleges we have do not offer
very superior advantages to young men wishing a
Collegiate - education. Public meetings have been
held in San Francisco, and much enthusiasm mani
fested in favor of the College of California." The
trustees have applied to the public for funds to en
dow the institution handsomely and it is hoped that
we may, soon have on these shores an Institution
equal to. that of Tale, Williams or Howard. The
Colle h 3 be bst' l pw Oakiati, a pleascnt vil-
T r s other r" 'a cT tty.whe aith
times; Tho Pacifio RaUroad and th College wilf
make the Pacifio States truly great. ,
- Thk Opposition Stbamebs.
Com. Vanderbllt; of New York, seems to be very
earnest in his opposition to the P. M. S. 8. Co.O In
my last, I mentioned the fact, that he had received
the contract for carrying U. S. Mails.- for nine
months. He baa latelyurehased Capt Garri-
a half-interest in the steamers unzaoa, uncu
. nnru,. and Sierra JYevada : so that the
bole opposition line will now be under his oontroL
It is stated that the beautuul steamers .
and Champtin are now on their way to this port,
from New York, to take their places in this line.
When they arrive Com. Vanderbilt intends to run a
w Thk Fiubusteks.
General Walker's expedition from New Orleans has
failed. But two hundred of his men succeeded in
making their escape, in a small vessel, owing to the
watchfulness of the Collector of the port- The steamer
Philadelphia, with the arms and supplies of the
party, has been seized. Further details may be ex
pected by the steamer now due.
Tub Yacht Rack
Between the yachts Pride of the Bay and George
Steers, which came off on the '3d inst. resulted in
favor of the former. The prizo was $1000. The
t.f rn n wu about thirty miles. Steamers were
V IOMBUVV a, wast - r
in attendance to convey spectators, and altogether
the race excited considerable attention. Both these
yacths are magnificient specimens of naval art, the
former was built here, and the other at New York,
by the celebrated builder whose name she bears.
An association has"been formed in San Francisco for
the purpose of establishing an astronomical ol serva-
tory, somewhere on this coast It is thought the
observatory will be located on some lofty peak of the
Sierra Nevada range. It is desirable to attain an
elevation above the range of fogs.
The principles of science are of universal applica
tion. Burglars are using them at the present time
with great succes. One night last week tbe store of Mr.
Ellcry on Washington street was robbed cf gold pens,
stationery and money to tbe amount of about $400.
The thief entered by means of a very ingeniously
constructed rope ladder, which he left hanging at
Mr. Ellery's window. By means of this clue, the
police (who are equal to any Parisian detectives)
traced the thief so far, that their suspicion rested on
one David Gramman, a well known thief. They did
not arrest him immediately, but watched him close
ly. A few nights later the same fellow tried his
tight rope skill upon a dry goods store on Sacramento
street, but this time he was caught, and will doubt
less have to return to his old quarters in the State
Prison. Burglaries have been very frequent for a
few weeks past. .
Jerry Sullivan, the enterprising news-agent, has
recently had built at Mare Island Navy Yard, a beau
tiful little propeller yacht of about 100 tons, for the
purpose of carrying papers to Sacramento immedi
ately upon the arrival of the mail steamer from
Panama. He has heretofore been in the habit of
chartering steamers for tht purpose.
On the evening of the 9th, inst, Mr. Levi E. Boren,
who was a clerk iu the office of the SupL of Indian
Affairs, fell from the balcony of the California Hotel,
and was instantly killed. He had been drinking
rather freely, and lost his balance.
We have bad rain, in perfect torrents, almost in
cessantly for a week past. To-day the rain has
ceased, and thick fogs have come down over the hills,
making the weather so thick that vessels outward
bound have to wait for a lighting up.
The steamer Golden Gate has just arrlvcdhaving
been detained outside some time in a dense fog. She
brings about 1600 passengers. Nctaxc.
Puget Sound, Washington Territory.
Its adaptability forSettlers The expe
rience of a Ilonololuian.
Port Townsend, Puget' Sound.W. T., ?
October 20, 1859.
Editor Cosimebcial : When I left Honolulu in
December last, many of your readers wished me to
write to them about the resourees of Puget Sound and
the practicability of settling in that country, to which
I was then bound on board the bark Glimpse, via
San Francisco. I consented to do this as soon as I
became sufficiently posted to give them reliable in.
formation; and with your leave I will attempt to do
so, through your excellent journal.
I arrived at Port Townsend, on the Sound, on the
10th of April last, with only three dollars that I could
call my own. 1 there found R. Blake, a tinman,
with whom I had domiciled some two years on the
Island of Maui.' He was doing a very good business
at his trade, and had already made enough to pur
chase a town lot, upon which he had erected a store,
and filled it with goods and wares, such as stoves and
tinware, his whole stock amounting to some $3,000,
for which he did not owe a dollar. 1 also fqund Mr.
J. Appleton, formerly a Honolulu policeman, who
was doing a fair business at his trade, boot and shoe
making, 'after having expended all his resources in a
fruitless attempt on Fraser river. I also found two
more of your citizens engaged on a farm Of govern
ment laud, Mr. Bond, confectioner aud cracker
baker in Honolulu, and his brother-in-law, Mr. Pitt,
both having excellent claims of rich bottom land, on
which they raised excellent crops, which they are
now aud have been for some time engaged in harvest
ing and taking,, to market. They all seem healthy
and contented, and now the returns for their labor
and perseverance have rendered them pan pilikia,
as the kanakas say.
A word about the resources of the country. It
abounds in immense forests of fir and pine, and there
are at present over 2000 men engaged in and about
the mills in the lumber business, and about 200 sail
of vessels are employed on the Sound freighting lum
ber to various markets. This lumber trade makes a
good home market for tbe farmer, and gives employ
ment to mechanics. The country is well watered,
and interspersed with prairies and bottom land for
cultivation, and the high prices of vegetables and
beef make it profitable for the farmer settling either
for grating or cultivation. There are many claims
not yet taken, situated upon the numerous bays and
rivers of the Sound. At Port Discovery, a few miles
west from us, on the straits, there is an excellent har
bor, and the land has given returns of 700 bushels
of potatoes to tbe acre. There have been as many as
sixty bushels of wheat and 700 bushels of onions
taken from one acre of land on the bottoms of Che
halis valley in the southwest part of our Territory,
by a Mr. Shotwcll, who says, in speaking of the natu
ral resources of this country, "In my judgment the
new resources df Washington and Oregon Territories
are greater than were the resources of New England,
when our Pilgrim Fathers landed on the rock of Ply
mouth." There is now in that one valley of Cheha-
lis from 40 to 60 miles square of unoccupied bottom
land, intersected by numerous streams and riven.
some of which are navigable for steamers. -
So much, for the resources of Puget Sound, and
now a word about the practicability of settling. With
out wishing to be thought egotistical, I will refer to
my own experience. As I said before, when 1 landed
at this place, Port Townsend, my stay iu San Fran
cisco and passage had reduced my funds to three
dollars. I immediately found employment, and hav
ing somewhat replenished mj exhausted funds, with
a few dollars, I set about looking for a claim. Just
at that time, and less than one month after. my ar
rival, I found an old acquaintance by the name of
Joseph Richardson, a shoemaker from Honolulu.
another Fraser river victim, but who had been for
the last few months employed at Cape Flattery Light
louse, in company with him, I. embarked in the
farming business. We found a location suitable
about three miles from this town, and onlv half Y
mile, from the P-v. and an tk ? i nr nr
pitched ouiteni 0-rY.aini is'tUt is called here i
r i t-vvVvvB -.4 a a . ' -'. - i
wtiuiu. .iou;a ia tte ee&cui, we
managed to clexr o2 tl. if i 1rt
in;" it-.: -' - -
three-year old grsited apple Use, ft,r
whfcn bore fruit this sea,)
nursery. .We ean easily dear 15
out 1000 trees each year. The tZ
are worth now from six to tea dollar
if we have our health for a few vMZP1
pau pilikia. -.v.. '
There is land enough anj I 7
island friends who may be out 'of e H
secure yourselves a home. There
that a rail-road, before many j
ate on this Sound, uniting jth 4
aw. fevswuauvu UriCB ttiT Ol Aa.
as a n .
valuable, and out of the reach of
lis employment enough here for otchT- V
land when vou ha.v
as Ieif ArM
select a claim, put in a crop. Pouto-v?'
in winter one dollar per bushel Tni
potatoes will make more than ordiokrr
man a year. - It is far better to sb
while you have health than to
in society, not knowing when y0a e A
dollar and have a landlord waitin. t.
Ma. Editoe :As my tame bu U,
spicuous in, two articles in your pap
wagon road over this island from R..'''!
I think it but justice to myself to ,
. Vri. 1
one in relation to said road
aware of ever having ezpresni an
If I have ever said anvtv.;- .
strued that way, I certainly could
estimate of the cost of any particn
verv little about fie island r,n
. Hue .'3
mountain, and vho litHa T rin t . .
. uv 4U0W
.i t i . . i . .
that the estimate of SiOOn .. -,.
have made) by the writer of the first ardclfc'
wagon road, would not be very crediUbltJT '
cal surveyor. . . R
Therefore, Mr. Editor, until I tm u;y '
survey and estimate the cost of 1. J,
leave the model plantation of Hilo litu,
left, or one which would lead directly to S
tion, I would beg both . wJ
to use my namowhen tbey -toake pnUie
ideas as to which or where would be the K-.
for a wagon road over this island.
Yours truly, &CLfjJ
Ahead of the ftailj
UTwo Weeks Later froci the li
States and Europe!
By the arrival of the clipper ship Wt&jA,
schooner Far West, we are in receipt of tst
later dates from the East. From Nw Tart
dates to Oct. 20, St Louis (overland) Oct, 21 1
don Oct. 12, and San Francisco Kov. 11
very special importance had transpired dsnj'
two weeks. . . I
The Pacifio mail steamer Golden Gait en.
San Francisco on the 12th, bnt the oppositin a.
(which now carries the mail) had not imrdi
midnight of the 14th, being two days behind ta
J. W. Sullivan, with his usual enterprise
patched the latest Eastern papers by the eliW
Webfoot, and thus supplied the newitoHs
one week, at least, in advance of the U.&diL
papers sent by him were received in 86 dinlj
New York, which is about as quick time ttte
been made. . s 1
The letter from our correspondent giia w
the State news. The following summtn vtr
from papers that have come to band :
Fbom China. The San Francisco papm ax
advices from China to September 9, about omr
later than our previous dates. The Amen&tl
ter, Mr. Ward, had visited Pekin.bat hi til
able to obtain an interview with the Emperor, t
was unwilling to perform the obeisance,:
which no person is admitted into the imperil
ence. He remained in Pekin fifteen days. Tbt
fications of the American treaty were ocir
The Chinese, it is said, expect war with Ei'&r
France next year. J
Second Trial Trip of the Great rsrai-
Great Cistern left Portland at 4 o'clock, P t
the 8th of October, and anchored at ILIrtetl'
o'clock"! Monday afternoon, tbe 10th. The 5a
onn in lna A. Q rtmiFO a anmnntAi
KB. U 11 V -MJ UVUI O VUIUpullw 1
550 miles. The average speed for the wholes?'
ittle more than IS knots, but darinzthernfcl
of the trip the engines were not run c-TerWf P
The paddles averaged 10 aud the screw 8
tions per minute, working at a preaareofSi
of steam. The greatest speed attained wuHJb
or nearly 17 miles per hour. This wmi?
was vtnaulrhl cmiviis snreS'i. She Wtf 8
to sail for Africa about the Wth of October-
reports express doubts of her departure.
rm a a a w a - ;
It is Baid that an attempt will be u3tb
Congress to break up the overland m;!cMttj
The' Vanderbilt line was advertising t'
sengers through, iucluding railroad ticket, w
975 and $100.
TKa tv.. nnKrma tha sidtpmctit that
has sold out his iuterest in tbe Cortes.
Nevada and Ormba, to Vauderbi t w
A new company with seventeenth
j lu- :i
which will add $37,601) to the pwj J
Garrison will re-commence banking .'''
Bark. Our harbor is at present
destitute of shipping. There are not "J0
a dozen ships laying at anchor in tter;
though a number are losing and u,,l0V(l
wharves. The forest of masts that uJ I "T
bay from '49 to 2 has vanished. S.
Jcdok Terrt IxnicTEi..-The OjJJ
county yesterday presented a 'n
Judge Terry for fighting a duel lth ft
"Fighting a duel with dangerous wrt i
with pistols charged th gm r!y,i;BlK
bullets, by-previous agreement, and I" ."lB;
tagonist in said duJ,-by inflicting 0Pn.D -jr
vmiml r,f which m.id aniasomst aiea ,
v . j. UK
year after the inftction thcreor,
charged to have been committed. 2
Uaitral Slalra. - jf
Tvarranmrmv lunnfl SLAVES. A -j
rection broken out aj Harper's Feir
Monday, Oct. 17. The facts of fiiie
follows: There was an insurrec iobw f
blacks, mingled in nobody coaw
portions, how far supported by oow i w
uromDted bv what motives, and aiming
suits it was wholly impossible to '.jV
Happily the clearer informauou
throws all needful light on these V
skirmishes in Kansas, and hoBet,Jt:
for the loss or a son ana oi pn-i-toteti'
the Pro-Slavery Party, prompted nn
retaliation, seems to have transterr
the State of Virginia. Having uu-, k
time aeo in tne vicmiry " Vr i.h
ceeded to arrange the details or P
ci.orv in Marvland ana
.J.t.lsgVBtOl kJe.aas af
avery in ;h- r0it 1
the Government of tne -
mated with him in Kansas, became p-rf
this new enterprise. A Bne , theV-
B-roes, iree ana bdbwtbu, '"- .
r i. k. ..,.vl ,vm as the nume11'
the pronunciamentoj and to arm ; nW'J
ed in. the arms and munitions of
Arsenal were provided. Such ""&rfV
t is not to be doubted, oi a r 1
uu-u - .,1 -s c
his eagerness for vengeance "ZwM.
tion between means and wws. .j r
Perei we have abundantly seen- A ,
. iato tie service, E
. ... , r.... Arc w
nitt: "3 wt.
I whea tiey f:
tit f r:-9Mion c7 r
'i:: '.-i f-
Zat. r C! to, Barrett, e t ef r
- J' F vFet, 7